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					  Animal Farm
by George Orwell
Russian Revolution, Part 2:
 Allegorical Symbolism Behind
Supporting Characters and Other
     Elements of the Novel
    What type of citizen does
       Boxer represent?
   Allusion: Boxer Rebellion
    – A rebellion in the early 1900s that
      signaled the beginning of Communism in
      Red China.
   Boxer represents lower class
    proletariat that were drawn to Stalin,
    because they thought they would most
    benefit from his rule.
    What type of citizen does
       Mollie represent?
 Not interested in politics, rather simply
  interested in satisfying her own
  superficial desires.
 She represents citizens who are only
  interested in maintaining the status
  quo – perhaps the nobles who were
  sympathetic to Tsarist rulers.
What does Benjamin represent?
   A cynical citizen
   Never embraces the revolution
   He does not fall for the propaganda of
    Napoleon, but does not have the charisma
    to teach other citizens about this.
               The Windmill
The Windmill               The 5-year plan
 Snowball (Trotsky)        The Windmill

  eventually proposes        stands for Russian
  the plan for this          industry, the
  industrialization,         culmination of a
  which will benefit the     executed by the
  country.                   working class.
 Napoleon (Stalin)
  eventually makes
  this plan his own.
            The Farmhouse
   The farmhouse is               The farm stands for the
    essentially the center of       Kremlin.
    “government”                   In the early days of the
   The farmhouse is at first       USSR there were
    preserved as a “museum”         sightseeing tours through
    of sorts – the animals          the Kremlin. Later it
    cannot even enter.              became the residence of
   Later, it becomes home          Stalin.
    to Napoleon and the
    other pigs.
            Old Major’s Skull
Old Major on Display        Lenin on Display
“The skull of old           When Lenin died in
Major, now clean of         1924, Stalin ordered
flesh, had been             the best doctors and
disinterred from the        scientists in the Soviet
orchard and set up on       Union to preserve
a stump…[T]he               Lenin’s body. Lenin’s
animals were required       mummy was placed in
to file past the skull in   a specially constructed
a reverent manner.”         crypt on Red Square.
              Farms and Farmers
Farms and Farmers                 Nations and Leaders
 Foxwood                          Foxwood=England
    – “a large, neglected, old-    Pinchfield=Germany
      fashioned farm…in a
                                   Frederick=Hitler
      disgraceful condition”
   Mr. Pilkington
    – “an easy-going gentleman
   Pinchfield
    – “smaller and better kept”
   Mr. Frederick
    – “a tough, shrewd
      man…with a name for            Stalin exiles Trotsky in
      driving hard bargains”         1929; Hitler comes into
                                     power in 1933.
     Other Characters or
   Are there other animals/characters in
    the novel that you feel reflect the
    history of the Russian Revolution or its
    – Minimus (the poet pig)?
    – The other pigs?
    – Other ideas?

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