VIEWS: 3 PAGES: 1 POSTED ON: 2/17/2012
MONDAY, JANUARY 16, 2012 • PAGE 5 GARDENING Carey Head, Lifestyles Editor email@example.com Fishing Is Great — Get Out and Enjoy! A MEMBER of the genus Argiope, this black and yellow garden spider is also known as writing spider, due to the web’s stabilimentum (zigzag pattern visitble in the center of the web) and its AN ORB WEAVER appears to be floating in air similarity to writing. The zigzag pattern plays a as she weaves a new web above a deck. With role in attracting prey to the web and reflects anchor points spanning six feet, the spider will ultraviolet light. And, because the web is nearly spend an hour completing the complex sticky invisible, the pattern is also believed to warn trap for an evening’s hunting. (News Photo by larger animals not to blunder into the web and Carey Head) destroy it. (News Photo by Carey Head) FORMER RESIDENT Becki Sheets-Klinger and her husband Bryan went fishing for trout at Pawhus- ka Lake on Saturday, Jan. 14. They were joined by a pair of hungry bald eagles seeking to do the Creepy, Crawly, Wonderful, Helpful Bugs same. She notes in her email, “there was a pair of mature eagles circling around the lake so I had the camera out. Lucky I did. This eagle dropped down and caught a trout right out of the lake in front of our eyes... and my lens! Just thought you all might enjoy this.” Pack a camera to capture your own spectacular bald eagle shots: This Saturday, the Kaw Lake Ultimate Eagle Watch will offer programs and tours from three locations in the Kaw City area. For a complete listing of events see It’s almost that time of year. the Jan. 18 edition of Mid-Week. “What time?” you ask. Time to start thinking about what kind of insects (bugs) you have, what bugs to keep and what bugs need to be added to GARDENING Spreading Rock on Garden your garden. “What?” you say. “I don’t have bugs nor do I need any.” by Well, au contrare (read here Can Help Feed Your Soil “I disagree”). Kat Bugs, Glorious Bugs Long I know, I know. Many of you have the pest control people out and spray every three backyard By LEE REICH months to make sure none of For The Associated Press the creepy crawlies invade orb-weaving spiders, like the der mites, leafhopper nymphs, If you feel like getting out in the garden, now your living space and I sympa- large yellow, black or orange mealybugs, whiteflies, cater- is as good a time as any to spread rock on the thize. Really, I do. I used to be brightly-colored Argiope, are pillars and other garden pests ground. that way about spiders, crick- the best known of the garden and their eggs. Green lace- Or not (more on that later). ets and beetles. Now, when spiders. The body of the female wings can be ordered just like You say your ground already has enough the crickets and beetles find is more than 1 inch in length ladybugs and, though not as rocks in it? True enough, but the rock I’m talk- their way into my house at any and the male spider is only a much fun to set free, are just ing about is a powder, and is likely a different given time, especially during quarter of the size. Though the as beneficial. kind of rock from what you already have. the winter months, I just scoop Argiope sometimes places its them up and feed them to the web in inconvenient places, NEW TO MY GARDEN But why put down more rock of any kind? THIS YEAR: The reason is that rock powders sold for gar- chickens. Spiders are VIPs at these spiders catch many pest den use are particularly high in minerals. our house and are carefully insects around the house and Beneficial nematodes: Nem- For example, rock phosphate is, as the name captured and released. But garden. Also well known in atodes will eliminate all types implies, rich in phosphorous, one of the “big that is just me. Oklahoma are the wolf spi- of pests that have a subterra- three” nutrients needed by plants. In fact, rock For you and your house, if der and the jumping spider. nean soil stage which includes phosphate is the stuff, after being treated with you spray, I completely under- For more information about fleas, cutworms, leafminers, sulfuric acid, that becomes the phosphorous in stand. However, if spraying spiders specific to Oklahoma queen ants, thrips, and Japa- synthetic fertilizers. around the OUTSIDE of your (with great pictures), check nese beetles. It has even been Colloidal phosphate, also known as soft phos- house is part of the plan, out this data sheet from the mentioned in some articles phate, is a similar product, this one ground up please rethink this practice. OSU Extension office: http:// that these will kill squash finer than rock phosphate. Insects come from the outside, bit.ly/a3Kxcq bugs as they slumber in their Two other commonly used rock powders — true, but that is where the gar- LURING INSECTS dormant stage, wintering in granite and glauconite — are rich sources of dener really needs the bugs to the garden evilly waiting to Compost piles set up away potassium, another of the “big three” nutrients stay. Killing the bugs in their eat everything.... Hmmmm; I from the house establish “hot needed by plants. (The third, nitrogen, is not natural habitat results in inju- am still very upset with the SHOWN, JERSEY greensand fertilizer, left, and spots” for insects to set up shop found in rocks.) ry to the soil and plants — squash buggies, best not to rock phosphate. Rock powders sold for garden during the winter months, and Glauconite is also called greensand, or Jer- not to mention giving the prey talk about them. use are particularly high in minerals. (AP Photo) an endless supply of hunting sey greensand if that’s where it was mined. (mosquitoes, gnats, flies, etc.) Nematodes should be during the spring and summer And it is greenish. the chance to overrun your applied to wet ground, the months. These provide “alter- Besides the major nutrients phosphorous yards and airspace and cause temperature needs to be no reason to apply them in the first place. native living quarters” for the and potassium, these rock powders are also the gardener or yard person in above 60 degrees and they can Rock powders are relatively expensive for insects that may seek shelter sources of micronutrients. Micronutrients are the family major grief. be applied early or late in the the amount of phosphorous or potassium they with the humans. needed in only minuscule amounts by plants, So back to my song: Bugs, day. For our area, the best time offer. And unless some local garden store has but nonetheless are essential to their health. Glorious Bugs. PURCHASING INSECTS is mid-April to early May. Five rock powders for sale, you could pay as much A soil can be naturally deficient in micro- Some already exist in your Some of my favorite pur- million will cover 300 square or more for shipping as for the material itself. nutrients: For example, pockets of molybde- garden; some will need to be chasable insects include: feet (they are really small) and More to the point is whether rock powders num deficiency exist in Nevada soils; natural lured to your garden and some there are several varieties, so are superfluous. If you constantly feed your cobalt deficiencies exist over much of Iowa can be purchased. Lady Bugs: Queens of the try to get a good mixture if you and parts of the Northeast. soil an abundance and variety of compost, Garden. I love getting lady are scatter-shotting as many of leaves and other organic materials — as any EXISTING INSECTS bugs in the mail. I always Synthetic (“chemical”) fertilizers generally good gardener does — your soil already is rich the aforementioned pests. For supply no micronutrients at all. Spiders: Technically, spi- order them in three shipments more information on nema- in phosphorous, potassium, and micronutri- ders are not insects; they are so I can let them populate todes and specific pest reduc- APPLICATION FOR THE LONG HAUL ents. arachnids. With over 35,000 the garden at different times: tions with nematodes, check Because they are merely ground-up rocks, This is especially true if you use plenty of species in existence, there are mid-spring, late spring and out this OSU Extension Infor- rock powders do not readily dissolve in water compost made from all sorts of materials, several possible species that early summer. Lady bugs, also mation sheet at http://bit.ly/ to give up their goodness to plant roots. including kitchen scraps. Orange rinds from could be hanging out catch- known as lady beetles, eat wY0q0Z . Release of their nutritional goodness takes Florida, old bread from Kansas-grown wheat, ing gnats, flies, mosquitos aphids, scale insects, thrips, time, as well as the work of bacteria, fungi and and banana skins from Costa Rica each con- I hope this gives you some and sadly, the occasional bee. mealybugs, and mites — all roots. Freezing and thawing opens up cracks in tribute to the smorgasbord of micro- and mac- insect food for thought. If (Sniffle.) I have been known to the pests gardeners despise. the soil so rock powders applied now at least ronutrients contained in homemade compost. you want a really fun expe- try and rescue bees when they With lady beetles, you get get into the soil, even if they don’t yet dissolve. So, do I ever use rock powders? Yes, about rience, go for the ladybugs. have been caught in webs. more bang for your buck, There’s no rush, though, to run outside and every decade or two, mostly as insurance and They come in a refrigerated Sometimes it works, but most because both the adults and start spreading. What rock powders lack in to supply micronutrients around trees and box and when you let them of the time the bee’s wings the larvae feed on pests. quick action they make up for in long-term shrubs that don’t get annual dressings of com- out of the box it looks like a get too damaged and they are effect; they release their goodness over a post. But I’m not saying that using these rock Green Lacewings: These little red and black volcano. powders is really necessary. better off as spider food. Sad long-bodied, graceful, deli- Kids love them and there is decade or so. but true. cate insects eat aphids. But just something about a lady- A typical application would be about 10 ————— There are spiders to steer the infant lacewings are so bug (or several hundred) that pounds per 100 square feet. clear of such as the brown Online: voracious they have earned will make you grin like a five- ARE GROUND ROCKS recluse or the black widow: the nickname “aphid lions.” year-old. Lee Reich, Ph.D. Come visit my farmden at both carry a nasty bite and are REALLY NEEDED? http://leereich.blogspot.com/ The babies look like little alli- Happy gardening in this to be avoided. However, the gators and they also eat spi- There’s also no rush because you might have http://leereich.com/ buggy little world. Internet Opens New Markets for Fresh Food Producers By TARA LYNNE GROTH see the value in eating local for their local chicken farmers enjoyed their locally sourced their caps. Users can be rated ate about providing consum- Grit Magazine and are willing to pay. As farm- and see when and where eggs and home-cooked meal, they with reviews and recommen- ers the truth about livestock The farm-to-fork mental- ers compete for recognition are available. Whether it’s a can fly back home and order dations just like on Amazon and produce, she directs ity is less a trend and more a and repeat customers, new cash honor system in a tin can the same steak online. The and LinkedIn. Food Hub is cur- people to her blog (SlowMon- lifestyle. Sites like Eggzy.net, online channels are specifi- at the base of a dirt driveway, meats and cheeses are pack- rently considering expanding eyFarm.wordpress.com) even which locates local chicken cally aimed to help agricultur- or a table at the local farmers’ aged and distributed around its service area to the rest of when she knows they may farmers, and HomeGrownCow. al businesses maintain their market, Eggzy eliminates the the country. Not just for organ- the United States. never buy an egg. com, a conduit for beef, chick- presence off the farm. commercial layers of distribu- ic aficionados, Home Grown More farmers around the With all of these new media en and cheese lovers looking Relying simply on word of tion. Don’t let their grassroots Cow is open to all beef, poultry country are creating their own concepts for agro-profession- for farmers in their area, are mouth, Mark Thompson and his vibe fool you, though. Eggzy and cheese producers. Con- sites to fill a digital gap. “If als, what about the grandpar- bringing a digital edge to agri- wife, Charlene Smith, of New is on the edge of tech-savvy sumers are able to customize we’re not going to use social ents of social media: Twitter culture. Hope, Pennsylvania, launched trends and is promoting the their orders based on grass- media, we might as well be and Facebook? Farmers are Consumers are concerned a public online eggstand called use of Quick Response codes fed, organic or conventional. talking to the cows,” says Jan using them, too, but they also about the traceability of their Eggzy. Thompson, a software on egg cartons so consumers Connecting with consum- Hoadley, a farmer and avid should check out Farmbook. food, but 98.5 percent of the developer, used his tech back- can use smartphones to view ers on a local level leaves a blogger based out of Alabama’s info. Farmbook launched just population is not directly ground to create their concept. the product origins, chicken neglected clientele: busi- Birmingham area. this year and is for farmers involved in food production, “We have a range of flock keep- diets and farmer histories. nesses. Undergoing a major Just two years ago, Hoadley, all around the world. Mod- according to AgChat.org, a site ers, some produce dozens and Besides eggs, where can you relaunch in the summer of 2011, who has a small farm and eled after Facebook’s ease of focused on “agvocating” and dozens of eggs, and others like get a good, local steak? Home Food-Hub.org is a regional site raises traditional animals use, Farmbook is meant to be connecting farmers through ourselves do a dozen a week at Grown Cow launched in early with a business-to-business like chickens to more exot- a connection for all aspects social media. Even though best,” Thompson says. 2011 for consumers to find cat- mindset. Restaurants, corpo- ic varieties like Giant Chin- of agriculture on a localized foods with local origins have He knows the keys to good tle farms. Taking a small per- rate food service providers and chilla rabbits, launched an level. From timber, livestock a lower deliverable cost, con- agricultural commerce: face-to- centage of each transaction, cafes utilize Food Hub in the award-winning page at Small- feed and equipment, to pro- sumers still pay up to 50 per- face marketing and traceabil- Home Grown Cow is not just Pacific Northwest to find goods FarmCoop.com. Hoadley sees duce, eggs and meats, every cent more for these items as ity. Currently a free service, a directory, but a marketplace local to their area - making a lot of misinformation on the aspect is covered so that users opposed to mass-distributed Eggzy allows those interested for farmers to post their entire their menus more attractive Internet and wants to engage anywhere can connect with supermarket fare. Consumers in purchasing eggs to search inventory. If visiting relatives and offering another feather in and inform people. Passion- those in their own backyard.
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