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									Trickster Tales



                                         Trickster Tales
                                           Grades 3-4

Coyote, and often, Fox, are trickster heroes of many Aboriginal folktales. Other tricksters in-
clude Raven (Northwest Coast, Dene), Old Man or Napi (Siksika, Blackfoot), Turtle, Rabbit,
Nanabush, and Iktomi. Tricksters are full of mischief, causing discomfort to others in their own
selfish quests. Very often, their plans go wrong and they become the victim of their own tricks.
They usually richly deserve to get outsmarted! Students soon begin to recognize that a story with
a coyote or fox in it is often a trickster story as are stories with ravens as the main character. Stu-
dents will enjoy such stories in which the tricksters are outsmarted by the intended victims of
their tricks.

Many trickster stories deal with similar situations. One common situation is coyote, or Raven, or
Napi losing the dinner he has planned to steal by trickery. Children love trickster stories, they’re
fun to read, and they invite analysis and comparison.

Sometimes the trickster is also the one who brought to mankind things like the animals, light,
seasons, food, fire and water or taught mankind how to find or use them. And so sometimes the
trickster is also a hero character. This is the case with the Siksika (Blackfoot) Old Man character
– sometimes he is a trickster, sometimes a hero. Sometimes a story character is both at the same
time, as in Raven: A Trickster Tale from the Pacific Northwest in which Raven plays a trick
but through his trick is able to be a hero and bring light to the people. Sometimes the tricksters
have some of the quality of gods, but meddle in the affairs of humans. Such also is the case with
Old Man, with Raven, and with the gods of Greek mythology. Sometimes, tricksters are shape
changers, as in the case of Raven. Sometimes tricksters look very foolish and greedy, sometimes
they are very wise. Sometimes they simply cause mischief. When situations turn bad, tricksters
are good at escaping. Trickster tales are entertaining as well as instructive, and so from trickster
tales we can learn a lot about people and life and how to live it well!1 Many of these stories are
designed to teach a lesson that apply to everyday living as well as tell a good story.

Tricksters are often complex characters. They embark on quests to discover or recover something
the people need and in the process become heroes. Often it is the necessities of life that they pro-
vide, such as light, corn, fire, water, seasons and warmth. And so many of these tales are also
hero tales. Sometimes tricksters cause a permanent change, such as shortening raccoon’s legs, or
chopping off rabbit’s long tail, and so some trickster stories are also pourquoi tales.

Aboriginal trickster stories are generally quite spare and informal in the telling and have an un-
polished quality that gives them great character. They seldom follow the standard trickster for-
mat of:

Character  wants something  tries to get it by trickery  is outsmarted by his victim




1
    Bastian, Dawn. Handbook of Native American Mythology. 2008, pp. 210-212.
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Sometimes the trickster gets what he is after, sometimes the story is about a well-known trickster
but this time he isn’t playing a trick. Instead the trickster is doing something good for a change,
such as bringing light or warmth or food to his people. Sometimes the trickster is simply being a
very bad-mannered and ungrateful wretch who is demonstrating for the reader how NOT to be-
have!

Aboriginal trickster stories are part of a worldwide body of oral literature that reflects the diver-
sity of cultures and the universal need for entertaining stories. Aboriginal children can be proud
of the fact that the trickster stories from their cultures are rich and varied, and form an important
part of this great world heritage.


Selected Aboriginal Trickster Tales:

Ahenakew, Freda. Wisahkecahk Flies to the Moon. 1999, 9780921827573. Written in Cree and
English, this engaging tale follows Wisahkecahk as he hitches a ride to the moon by grabbing the
legs of a crane. When the moon disappears underneath his feet, Wisahkecahk falls to earth and
lands in soft mud. Rather than rejoice that his life was saved, Wisahkecahk curses the mud as a
wasteland. This is a Cree trickster story. Sherry Farrell Racette is the Métis artist. (Cree)

Ayre, Robert. Sketco the Raven. 2009, 9781443100441. Through his cunning, trickery, and
transformations, Sketco brings the world the moon, the sun, and the stars. He gives birds their
colours, gives man fire, creates the tides, brings food, and much more. No illustrations. Like a
chapter book, each chapter telling another episode. Episodes stand alone, but the whole works as
a longer story. (North Pacific Coast)

Ballantyne, Adam. Wisakyjak and the New World. 1991, 9780921254348. Directly taken from
a Woodland Cree storyteller, this is one of the stories of Wisakyjak, a trickster who was respon-
sible for changing many of he animals so that they appear as they do today.

Beaver Steals Fire: A Salish Coyote Story. 2005, 9780803216402. Of all the animals, it’s coy-
ote who devises the plan to steal fire form Curlew so that they may all have fire.

Bruchac, Joseph & Bruchac, James. (AA), Girl Who Helped Thunder and other Native
American Folktales. 2008, 9781402732638. Presents 24 stories from various Native American
groups, including Blackfoot and Inuit. The Blackfoot story, Old Man and the Rolling Rock, is
about Old Man, a favourite character in the tales of the Blackfoot. Old Man sometimes changes
the world around him, but other times he gets into trouble. In stories like this one, he is a perfect
example of how not to behave. The Inuit story is Blind Boy and the Loon, which is a trickster
story. Another trickster story is Turtle’s Race with Wolf. Excellent illustrations. For a variation
on the Rolling Rock story, go to Legend of Napi and the Rock at http://canadian-first-
nations.suite101.com/article.cfm/the_legend_of_napi_and_the_rock In this funny version, the
rock is the Okotoks Erratic and it’s after Old Man!

Bruchac, Joseph & Bruchac, James. (AA), Jose Aruego & Ariane Dewey, Illustrator (AA). Rac-
coon's Last Race: a traditional Abenaki story. 2004, 0-8037-2977-4. Tells the story of how
Trickster Tales


Raccoon, the fastest animal on earth, loses his speed because he is boastful and breaks his prom-
ises.

Bruchac, Joseph and Bruchac, James (AA), Aruego, Jose and Ariane Dewey, Illustrator (AA),
Turtle's Race with Beaver: A traditional Seneca tale. 2003, 0-8037-2852-2. Beaver with his
fast swimming challenges Turtle for ownership of the pond. Turtle outsmarts Beaver, and Beaver
learns to share. A version of the traditional tortoise and hare folktale.

Cameron, Anne. (CA) How Raven Freed the Moon. 1985, 0920080677. This is both a trickster
story and a pourquoi story. Raven wants the Moon, and although she gets it from the old fisher-
woman’s cedar chest, she can’t carry it, and so throws it up into the sky. Black and white illustra-
tions. (Northwest Coast)

Cameron, Anne. (CA) Raven & Snipe. 1991, 1550170376. The ever-wily, ever-hungry Raven
visits the generous Snipe family, in the hopes of getting lots of free food. When she gets a bit too
greedy, however, she finds out the Snipes have a few tricks of their own! (Pacific Coast)

Cameron, Anne. CA). Raven Goes Berrypicking. 1991, 1550170368. Raven is clever and tricky
– and greedy. She persuades her friends to pick berries with her, and tricks them into doing more
than their share of the work, for less than their chare of the food. In the end, her friends cleverly
teach Raven a lesson. Black and white illustrations. (Northwest Coast)

Dembicki, Matt. Trickster: Native American Tales: A Graphic Collection. May, 2010, 978-
1555917241. In Trickster, 21 Native American tales are adapted into graphic novel form. Each
story is written by a different Native American storyteller who worked closely with a selected
illustrator, a combination that gives each tale a unique and powerful voice and look. Stories
range from serious and dramatic to funny and sometimes downright fiendish. The stories very
well illustrate the unique qualities of North American trickster tales. Will have broad appeal
among student readers. (Many)

Friesen, John W. And Now You Know: 50 Native American Legends. 2010, 9781550593846.
Provides short origin, why (pourquoi), how, and trickster stories from mostly Canadian Nations,
including Peigan, Blackfoot, Cree, Iroquois, Dene, and Swampy Cree. (One black-and-white
print illustration for each story, not great quality. Some editing errors.) Includes Napi, Skunk,
and the Prairie Dogs: A Blackfoot Legend.

Friesen, John W. Still More Legends of the Elders. 2005, 1550592793. Includes trickster leg-
ends. Learning legends and moral legends. Trickster stories include Coyote and Crow: A Ya-
kima Legend and Swift-Runner and the Trickster: A Zuni Legend. (Hard-to-read titles and
one black-and-white illustration of varying quality per story.)

Football, Virginia. How the Fox Got His Crossed Legs. 2009, 9781894778749. Includes CD.
When he gets into an argument with Bear, Fox loses a leg and becomes very sad. The people ask
Raven for help. Raven tricks Bear and gets Fox’s leg back for him, but he puts it on crooked.
Text also in Dogrib.

Goble, Paul. Iktomi and the Buffalo Skull: A Plains Indian Story. 1990, 0531059111. Again
the trickster, the man in the middle, makes a fool of himself. Iktomi, the Plains trickster, inter-
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rupts a powwow of the Mouse People and gets his head stuck in a buffalo skull. Excellent source
notes. The asides printed in italics mimic the comments of both the storyteller and the listeners in
traditional storytelling. Have two or more readers reading the various parts as the story progress-
es.

Goble, Paul. Iktomi and the Buzzard. 1994, 0531086623. Iktomi, the trickster, tries to fool a
buzzard into carrying him across the river on the buzzard’s back. The asides printed in italics
mimic the comments of both the storyteller and the listeners in traditional storytelling. Excellent
source notes. Have two or more readers reading the various parts as the story progresses.

Goble, Paul. Iktomi and the Ducks: A Plains Indian Story. 1990, 0531070441. After outwit-
ting some ducks, Iktomi, the trickster, is outwitted by Coyote. The asides printed in italics mimic
the comments of both the storyteller and the listeners in traditional storytelling. Have two or
more readers reading the various parts as the story progresses.

King, Thomas. Coyote’s New Suit. 2004, 1552634973. Coyote loves his soft, toasty-brown suit
– at least until Raven hints that it might not be the finest in the forest. Suddenly, Coyote is notic-
ing suits wherever he looks – and taking them, too. Soon Coyote has everyone mad at him, and
Raven is immensely enjoying the resulting chaos.

Knutson, Barbara. Love and Roast Chicken: A Trickster Tale from the Andes Mountains.
2004, 1575056577. A clever guinea pig repeatedly outsmarts the fox that wants to eat him for
dinner. (Peru region, Andes)

Krensky, Stephen. How Coyote Stole Summer: A Native American Tale. (On My Own Folk-
lore). 2000, 9780822575481. Coyote the trickster is always up to something. This time he steals
summer! Easy reading. (Shoshone, Wyoming)

McDermott, Gerald. Coyote: A Trickster Tale from the American Southwest. 1999, 978-
0152019587. Coyote decides he wants to fly with the crows. They humor him, give him feathers,
and tolerate his off key singing and out-of-step dancing, until he begins to boast and order them
about. Then, as Coyote struggles in midair, they take back their feathers one by one and he
plummets to earth. His tail catches fire, and he tumbles into the dirt. To this day he is the color of
dust and his tail has a burnt, black tip.

McDermott, Gerald. Jabuti The Tortoise: A Trickster Tale from the Amazon. 2001, 0-15-
200496-3. All the birds enjoy the songlike flute music of Jabuti, the tortoise, except Vulture,
who, jealous because he cannot sing, tricks Jabuti into riding on his back toward a festival
planned by the King of Heaven. (Amazon area)

McDermott, Gerald. Papagayo: The Mischief Maker. 1992, 0152594647. Papagayo, the noisy
parrot, helps the night animals save the moon from being eaten up by the moon-dog. (Amazon)

McDermott, Gerald. Raven: A Trickster Tale from the Pacific Northwest. 2001, 978-
0152024499. Raven feels sorry for the people living in the gloomy cold, so he flies to the house
of the Sky Chief in search of light and warmth. To get inside, Raven pulls a shape-shifting trick
that allows him to be born to the god's daughter. Raven is the hero who tricks the people, but
brings them light.
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McDermott, Gerald. Zomo the Rabbit: A Trickster Tale from West Africa. 1996, 978-
0152010102. This retelling features bold, vibrant shapes and colours. When Zomo ("He is not
big. He is not strong. But he is very clever.") beseeches the Sky God for wisdom, he is set three
impossible tasks: he must bring back "the scales of Big Fish in the sea…, the milk of Wild Cow
and the tooth of Leopard." The clever rabbit dupes the three creatures into giving up these prizes,
but then discovers that the joke is on him.

McLellan, Joseph. Nanabosho Steals Fire. 1990, 0921827059. An old man who had fire kept it
for himself and was always watching to make sure no one stole it. Nanabosho changed into a
rabbit, fooled the old man’s daughters and got them to take him into their wigwam. There, he let
the fire catch onto his fur and ran out and back to his people and thereby bought them fire. That’s
why how the people got fire and that’s why the rabbit is brown in summer – to remind the people
how they got fire.

Munsch, Robert and Michael Kusugak. Promise is a Promise. 1988, 155037009X. Allashua, a
little Inuit girl, disobeys her mother’s warning that the Quallupelluq (an imaginary fruit creature
like a troll) will take her away if she fishes in the crack in the ocean. In exchange for her life,
Allashua promises to bring her brothers and sisters to the crack in the ocean ice. Her family’s
courageous trick allows Allashua to keep both her family--and her promise. (Inuit)

Robinson, Gail. Coyote the Trickster. 1975, 0844809233. Trickster characters are often coy-
otes, and have many-sided personalities. They can be foolish, magical, tricky, heroic – all lead-
ing to a wise and witty reflection of human nature.

Stott, Jon. A Book of Tricksters. 2010, 9781926613697. A wonderful collection of read-aloud
tales from all over the world. Great to compare and contrast even though illustrations are few and
one colour.


Selected Non-aboriginal Trickster Tales:

Trickster stories invite comparisons with trickster heroes from the folk stories of other cultures
such as Africa's Anansi, European trickster stories and the gods of Greek mythology, as well as
literary (known author) trickster stories. Some notable non-aboriginal trickster stories that stu-
dents will enjoy and that are useful for comparing are:

 Dr. De Soto, contemporary story by William Steig, very funny
 Fin M’Coul: The Giant of Knockmany Hill, folktale retold and illustrated by Tomie De
   Paola (Ireland). Oonagh, in this Irish tale of role reversal, uses her wits to save her husband
   by tricking his greatest enemy, the giant Cucullin. Like the Princess with the dragon in The
   Paper Bag Princess, she uses the giant’s gullibility to overcome him. She is both a brave and
   clever heroine and a trickster. Verbal and situational irony create the humor of this story. This
   legend contains another common motif: a giant. (Before reading vocabulary: causeway)
 Flossie & the Fox, contemporary story by Patricia C. McKissack. A wily fox notorious for
   stealing eggs meets his match when he encoounters a bold little girl in the woods who insists
   upon proof that he is a fox before she will be frightened.
Hansel and Gretel, many versions
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 Mare’s Egg, European folktale retold by Carole Spray in a pioneer setting (Canada). A sly
   farmer tricks a settler into buying a large pumpkin. The farmer has convinced the settler that
   it is a mare’s egg that will hatch into a fine young colt. The settler is pictured as honest and
   good, but foolish, a common motif in stories. When his egg doesn’t hatch, and he decides it
   would have not been a good colt anyway, the settler returns to the farmer to purchase another
   egg, still determined to get the colt he so desperately needs. This is a great pioneer story, a
   marvelous trickster tale, and quite hilarious. (Before reading vocabulary: mare (vs. mayor),
   settler, pioneer)
 Monkey and Crocodile, retold by Paul Galdone (India)
 Mrs. McCool and the Giant Cuhullin, retold by Jessica Souhami (Ireland)
 My Lucky Day, contemporary story by Keiko Kasza with many folktale elements
 Paper Bag Princess, contemporary story by Robert Munsch. In this fractured fairy tale,
   Elizabeth tricks and outsmarts the dragon by appealing to his vanity and rescues Prince
   Roland who has been imprisoned in the tower. This story has become one of the modern
   classics of children’s literature.
 Puss in Boots, retold by Paul Galdone or retold by Philip Pullman, also many other versions
 Stone Soup, many versions, e.g. retold by Ann McGovern
 Tale of Tricky Fox, retold by Jim Aylesworth
 Who's in Rabbit's House? retold by Verna Aardema (Africa)


Responding to Literature:

Students develop the ability to analyze stories by responding after oral and silent reading of
stories. Responses can take many forms and can include discussing orally, doing artwork,
mapping journeys, plotting story events, comparing and contrasting events and characters,
making pictorial representations or sequencing stories, filling in tables, making story boards, etc.
Responses to stories may be individual, group, or whole class activities. Students will soon be
able to identify common characteristics of particular kinds of stories, for example, they will
discover that stories that have as a main character a fox or coyote or raven are usually trickster
stories. Students will also begin to notice that certain authors will often feature particular story
types, for instance, Gerald McDermott specializes in trickster stories. Students will soon want to
try writing their own stories using such story types as trickster, pourquoi or hero stories.

Literary devices used by authors that students can notice and interpret include flashback and
foreshadowing, point of view, dialogue, description, the match of the pictures with the text, and
the emotions evoked by the illustrations. A supreme example of many of these devices in a
children’s book is, of course, the classic Arrow to the Sun, by Gerald McDermott.

On a class wall chart, put trickster stories on a matrix (grid) as they are read, putting story
characteristics across the top and the titles down the left side. As stories are read, have students
put descriptions and pictures in the appropriate boxes to highlight story details. A sample matrix
has been included at the end of this section.

Frequent comparison of stories and story characteristics is a strategy that yields vastly improved
story comprehension and therefore reading comprehension. Every characteristic or element of a
Trickster Tales


story that a student recognizes from another story improves story comprehension. As familiar
stories are compared with new stories, students use their knowledge of character types, themes
and literary techniques to guide them through the interpretation of each new story. In the process
students accumulate knowledge about cultures and gain respect for their richness and diversity.
They are learning that Aboriginal stories are an important part of a broader world heritage of
folklore.

Responses to the stories should also include talking about the stories, answering questions about
key story characteristics, comparing similar stories, comparing groups of stories, and creating
some kind of written response to stories, usually in the form of a graphic organizer that captures
some of the elements or key parts of the stories.

Remember to include illustration as an important means of responding to literature. Through
creating illustrations, students are able to express the emotions and knowledge that the story has
helped them identify.


Some Objectives for the Study of Trickster Stories:

       To introduce students to trickster characters from several cultures so that they can see
        both general characteristics and cultural differences.
       To compare stories and see how the plots and the meanings of the stories change.


Comparing and Contrasting Trickster Stories:

Students will enjoy seeing the similarities and differences in trickster tales. Using a Venn dia-
gram can help them organize their ideas. Ask students to identify the characteristics of trickster
stories. Some trickster stories to compare and contrast:

Rabbit and the Tug of War from Trickster: Native American Tales
with
Rabbit’s Choctaw Tail Tale from Trickster: Native American Tales

Raccoon's Last Race: a traditional Abenaki story
with
Rabbit’s Choctaw Tail Tale from Trickster: Native American Tales

Compare Fox, Coyote, Dog and Wolf tales:
 Dr. De Soto
 Giddy Up, Wolfie from Trickster: Native American Tales
 How Coyote Stole Summer: A Native American Tale
 Love and Roast Chicken: A Trickster Tale from the Andes Mountains
 Mai and the Cliff-Dwelling Birds from Trickster: Native American Tales
 My Lucky Day
 Puapualenalena: Weird Dog of Waipi’o Valley from Trickster: Native American Tales
Trickster Tales


  Rabbit’s Choctaw Tail Tale from Trickster: Native American Tales
  Tale of Tricky Fox
  Turtle’s Race with Wolf from Girl Who Helped Thunder and other Native American
   Folktales
  Wolf and the Mink from Trickster: Native American Tales


Sample Questions for Analyzing Stories:

Read trickster stories to the class. After each reading, ask the students key questions.
Sometimes it’s a little hard getting started asking questions about the stories in order to help
students start to analyze the characteristics. After several stories have been read, start to include
lots of comparison questions, particularly those that compare and contrast stories that have
similar elements. Here are some sample questions, with some typical student answers:

Turtle’s Race with Wolf, from Girl Who Helped Thunder, retold by James Bruchac

        Who started the idea of a race?
         - Wolf
        What did Box Turtle decide to do?
         - Play a trick on Wolf in order to win the race
        What are he details of his plan?
         - Put his cousins on each hill so that Wolf thought Box Turtle was already there
        Did you think it would work?
         - Yes (or no)
        Did it work?
         - Yes
        How did Box Turtle make Wolf even madder?
         - By teasing him
        What kind of character is Box Turtle?
         - Trickster
        Do you think Wolf deserved what happened to him?
         - Yes
        Why?
         - Because he started the whole thing
        Compare this story with Turtle's Race with Beaver

Fin M’Coul: The Giant of Knockmany Hill, folktale retold and illustrated by Tomie De Paola

       What did Oonagh do?
         - made bread with iron inside
         - made one round cheese but the others were just round stone balls
       Yes, that’s true, but why did she do these things?
         - she was afraid of what Cucullin would do
       What did Oonagh really do to Cucullin?
         - she tricked him
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      Yes! What kind of a story is this?
        - trickster
      Who is the trickster?
        - Oonagh
      Who did she play the trick on and why?
        - Cucullin, because he was pretty mean and unreasonable
      Was this a good trick? Why?
        - Oonagh had a good idea and it worked, and now Cucullin can’t hurt anyone
      What do you think of Oonagh?
        - she thought of a lot of things, she was pretty smart
      Do you think she was afraid of Cucullin?
        - yes (or no)
      What kind of person is she?
        - trickster, brave and clever heroine
      How did Fin M’Coul look in the baby clothes?
        - pretty silly and funny
      What else in the story was funny?
        - Fin M’Coul crying for food
        - Cucullin finding out that Fin M’Coul’s “baby” was pretty big
      How is this story similar to ________________________________? How is it different?

The Mare’s Egg, folktale retold and illustrated by Carole Spray

        What did the farmer do?
            - told the settler something that wasn’t true
        Yes, that’s true, but why did he do these things?
            - he wanted to play a trick
        Yes! What kind of a story is this?
            - trickster
        Who is the trickster?
            - farmer
        Who did he play the trick on and why?
            - the settler, because it seemed he didn’t know very much
        Was this a good trick? Why?
            - yes, because it made the settler look so funny
        What else in the story was funny?
            - the settler chasing after the hare
        Does the settler ever figure out what the farmer has done?
            - no
        How is this story similar to ________________________________? How is it different?
Trickster Tales
Sample Chart or Table Looking at Some Trickster Stories:

                                                  Author        Who         Who Out-
                                                                                                                                            Comments about the Sto-
        Title         Origin        Trickster       or          Gets        smarts the         Strategies used by the Characters
                                                                                                                                                     ry
                                                  Reteller     Tricked       Trickster
  Turtle’s Race Seminole        Box Turtle      James         Wolf       Box Turtle          Box Turtle made Wolf think he was way        Box Turtle taunts Wolf to make
  with Wolf                                     Bruchac                                      ahead of him, but it was really just Box     him madder and run ever faster.
  (from Girl Who                                                                             Turtle’s six cousins.
  Helped Thun-
  der)
  Raccoon's Last Abenaki   Azban the Raccoon Joseph           Azban the The Ants             The Ants helped the raccoon, but it was      This is also a story that teaches a
  Race: a tradi-                                 Bruchac &    Raccoon                        raccoon’s own ingratitude that left his legs lesson – about ingratitude
  tional Abenaki                                 James                                       so short.
  story                                          Bruchac
  Dr. De Soto    literary  Fox tries to trick    William      Fox        Dr. De Soto         Dr. De Soto glues the fox’s mouth shut    The fox is quite embarrassed
                           Dr. De Soto, but is Steig                                                                                   when he discovers how he has
                           outsmarted by him                                                                                           been tricked by Dr. De Soto.
  Iktomi and he Plains     Iktomi tries to trick Paul Goble   Ducks,     Coyote              Iktomi lures the ducks into dancing, Coy- This is a double trickster story –
  Ducks                    the ducks but Coy-                 Iktomi                         ote fills the last roasted duck with hot  Iktomi tricks the ducks, and
                           ote tricks him                                                    coals                                     Coyote tricks Iktomi
  Paper Bag      literary  Elizabeth             Robert       dragon     Elizabeth           Elizabeth appeals to the dragon’s ego     Elizabeth is a clever kid!
  Princess                                       Munsch
  Love and Roast Andes     Guinea Pig            Barbara      Fox    No one – Guinea       Guinea Pig uses several strategies, includ-    Fox usually tries to be the trick-
  Chicken        Mountains                       Knutson             Pig repeatedly tricks ing telling Fox he has to marry the            ster, but in this story, he gets
                 (Peru)                                              Fox                   farmer’s daughter and eat chicken every        tricked several times
                                                                                           day
  Fin M’Coul         Ireland    Oonagh          Tomie de  Cucullin Oonagh                  Oonagh dresses Fin as a baby and makes         Oonagh was very clever.
                                                Paola     the Giant                        the giant think the baby is very strong
  Raven: A           Pacific   Raven            retold by the people No one – Raven        Raven changes into a human baby to trick       Raven is both a trickster and a
  Trickster Tale     Northwest                  Gerald               succeeds in bringing the people                                      hero because he brings light to
  from the Pacific                              McDermott            light to the people                                                  the people
  Northwest
  Rabbit and the     Plains     Rabbit          Matt      Two buf- No one – rabbit          Rabbit had a hill between the buffalo so      The buffalo figured out that
  Tug of War         (probably)                 Dembicki  falo        manages to trick the they could not see that they were actually     Rabbit had tricked them in the
  from Trickster:                                                     buffalo twice         not tugging against Rabbit. Rabbit also       tug-of-war.
  Native Ameri-                                                                             tricked the buffalo by wearing deer feet to
  can Tales                                                                                 get to the waterhole.
  Mare’s Egg         Europe,   Farmer           retold by Settler     Nobody – he gets      The Farmer sees that the Settler doesn’t      In the end, even though the Set-
                     eastern                    Carol                 away with it and the know much and so is able to talk him into      tler never figures out that he has
                     Canadian                   Spraye                Settler never figures buying a mare’s egg.                          been tricked, the reader thinks
                     version                                          it out                                                              it’s all quite hilarious!
  Raven Goes         Northwest Raven            Anne Cam- The other The other birds         Raven said they would share the work and      This is a classic trickster story –
  Berrypicking       Coast                      eron      birds, then                       the berries. Puffin threw a blanket over      the trickster plays a trick and
                                                          Raven                             Raven and pretended to be helping her.        then tricked by her victims.
Trickster Tales

								
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