KANGAROO MOTHER CARE - PowerPoint by D47QvO

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									KANGAROO MOTHER CARE

DR. REKHA DUTT
   ASSOCIATE PROFESSOR


DEPT OF P.S.M.
PADMASHREE DR. D.Y. PATIL
MEDICAL COLLEGE, NAVI MUMBAI
 KANGAROO MOTHER CARE
• KMC is a method of caring for LBW babies
• The baby is placed between mother’s breasts in
  direct skin to skin contact , given exclusive
  breast feeding.
• Useful for infants weighing <2000 gm.
• During KMC ,LBW babies get proper warmth ,
  adequate nutrition and protection against
  infection.
• KMC facilitates love and emotional bonding
  between baby and mother .
       Problems of LBW babies
•   High mortality rate
•   Hypothermia
•   Hypoglycemia
•   Apnea
•   Hypoxia
•   Infection
•   Poor wt. gain
•   Prolonged NICU stay (decreased mother infant
    bonding)
    ADVANTAGES OF KMC TO
           BABY
•   Warmth 24 hours
•   Reduced infection
•   Multimodal stimulation
•   Quiet sleep
•   Reduced apnea and oxygen requirement
•   Early growth spurt
•   Better IQ
•   Physiological stability
       BENEFITS OF KMC TO
            MOTHER
•   Develops self confidence
•   Better bonding with baby
•   Reduced hospital stay
•   Mental satisfaction
•   Economical
•   Successful breastfeeding
    COMPONENTS OF KMC
1. Kangaroo position
2. Kangaroo nutrition
3. Kangaroo early discharge and regular
   follow up
         1. Kangaroo position
• Skin to skin contact for 24 hrs in a vertical
  position between mother’s breasts and her
  clothes
• Baby’s head turned on one side in slight
  extended position. Hands are kept above the
  breasts and legs beneath in frog position.
• Slight extended head position keeps airways
  open and allows eye to eye contact between
  mother and baby.
   2. Exclusive breast feeding
• Mothers milk provides all necessary
  nutrients for physical and mental growth
• Colostrum –initial thick milk
• Prevents infections, malnutrition and
  allergies
 3. Early discharge and regular
             follow up
• Weight gain of 15-20 gm/kg/day for 3
  consecutive days
• Successful breast feeding or expressed breast
  milk
• Baby in kangaroo position for 24 hrs
• Maintaining temperature without assistance
• No evidence of illness
• Educate the mother regarding danger signs of
  apnea, difficult breathing ,convulsions ,
  decreased feeding , decreased activity
  ,hypothermia/hyperthermia
    How long to continue KMC
• Once baby starts maintaining her temperature
  she shall cry or kick , this is the time KMC may
  be stopped.
Don’ts of KMC:
• Do not keep baby in horizontal position
• Do not bathe till baby weighs 2500 gm
• Do not handle baby too frequently
• Do not give bottle feed
• Do not keep baby with sick people

								
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