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									                BASELINE STANDARD
UNFCCC secretariat workshop
Bonn, Germany, 4 and 5. March 2011




                             Massamba THIOYE, Manager of the Standard Setting Unit
                             UNFCCC secretariat, programme
        TABLE OF CONTENTS
Why a baseline standard
Why now
Place in the architecture of the CDM
standards
What is it made of
Why the proposed approach
What will it be used for
       WHY A BASELINE STANDARD
The most appropriate approach, taking into
account any guidance by the CDM EB is either:
 (a) Existing actual or historical emissions, or
 (b) The economically most attractive or
 (c) A benchmark
The Executive Board shall develop:
Definition of project categories that show common
methodological characteristics for baseline setting;
      WHY A BASELINE STANDARD
• Provides guidance for the development
  of Meth and SBs
• Ensures consistency
• Enhances objectivity
• Enhances predictability
• Enhances transparency
• Puts the quality gate at an early stage
                  WHY NOW
•   We have enough experience from the
    bottom up development of Meth
•   Top-down development of Meth is just
    starting and needs standards
•   Development of SBs requires framework
•   A more predictable, more objective and
    more transparent CDM might positively
    influence the negotiation process
WHERE IN OUR STANDARDS ARCHITECTURE
                M & P, CMP decisions

                 Baseline standard

Methodologies      Tools

                   SBs


  CDM                                  CPA
                              PoA
 Projects
                      WHAT IS IT MADE OF
                (II) Technology Switch (EEI)

                                                            (V) More GHG intensity
                                                            output displacement
(I) One or multiple
fuel switch


                         Project
                      (IV) GHG formation                        Consumer
                      avoidance                  New outputs

(I) One or multiple
feed stock switch
                                    (III) GHG destruction
                 WHAT IS IT MADE OF
Definition of the five MABS

Grouping of ER activities of a project into components of
same characteristics for baseline Setting using one MABS

Criteria for the identification of the applicable MABS

Algorithm for the identification of the baseline based on
each MABS

Procedure for baseline emissions calculation for the
baselines
     WHY THE PROPOSED APPROACH
The standard is the         The standard is A MABS: Higher level
methodology that combines   of standardization, more consistency,
the use of different MABS   less complexity for the user




 A standard is developed for each Methodologies combine the
 combination of the MABS          standardized MABS
    WHY THE PROPOSED APPROACH
• SBs are developed for the components
  not for the methodologies
• Helps solve the issue of prioritization
  for the development of SBs
• Scales up the development of SBs
• Helps to address an important issue in
  the setting of benchmark: the level of
  aggregation
    WHY THE PROPOSED APPROACH
• Eases the assessment of methodologies
  by the Meth Panel
• Eases the assessment of SBs by the
  Board particularly when they are not
  based on approved methodologies
• Facilitates the understanding of the
  methodologies by the DOEs and the
  registration team
    WHY THE PROPOSED APPROACH
• Guidance on how to identify and treat
  suppressed demand
• Clarifies baseline and baseline scenario
  and aligns the baseline to the baseline
  scenario
• Benchmark is preferred but is not the
  only possible approach
                POSSIBLE USE
• The assessment of methodology and SBs
  related submissions
• The top-down development of methodologies
• The top-down development of standardized
  baselines
• A framework for the bottom-up development
  of standardized baselines by relevant entities
• The revision of the approved methodologies
                TO CONCLUDE
• A baseline standard will contribute to the
  improvement of the CDM
• The approach proposed eases the assessment
  of methodologies and makes them easy to
  understand
• It helps address the issues of prioritization
  and level of aggregation in SBs development
• It helps scale-up the development of SBs
• It addresses the issue of suppressed demand
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION

								
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