China: Tang Dynasty through the Ming Dynasty 600 C.E

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					                    China: Tang Dynasty
                  through the Ming Dynasty
        Ms. Scott    600 C.E. – 1644 C.E.
World History & Geography
               Tang Dynasty
• Tang Dynasty (600 – 900 AD)
  – Conquered more territory
  – Trade with central Asia to Europe – The Silk Road
  – Got bigger horses from Arabian peninsula to help
    better the military
  – Strengthened Confucian bureaucracy
     • 6 divisions of government
     • Ministry of education created exam for civil service
       (uniformity in education)
     • Large clan landowners would get sons to serve in
       government
Tang Dynasty
Typical Tang Apparel




         Tang Coin – “Bi”
Tang Dynasty
        Song Dynasty
• Song Dynasty (900-1200 AD)
 –Started the public school system
 –Great clans decline in power, now
  there was social mobility
 Song Dynasty




Known for celadon colored
pottery
Song Painting
     Mongol (Yuan) Dynasty
• Mongol Dynasty (1200-1369 AD)
  – Under Genghis Khan (universal ruler) of
    Mongol tribes, with great military strength
    and tactics, defeated the Song and ruled
    over China
  – Eventually Mongols spent too much on
    foreign conquests, corruption at court, and
    growing internal instability
Mongol Empire throughout Asia &
       Central Europe
Genghis Khan   Kublai Khan
Marco Polo
          Ming Dynasty
• Ming Dynasty (1369-1644 AD)
  – Established by Yongle, who instituted land
    reform, abolished slavery, strengthened
    central government, and sponsored voyages
    of exploration
  – Period of Tang and Ming were great age of
    Chinese literature and arts
  – Ming famous for blue/white porcelain
Yongle
Ming Dress in Imperial Court




                               Ming Ship
                   Ming Dynasty –
Mid-Ming Dynasty established The Forbidden City in Beijing for Emperor &
               his court – Qing Dynasty used it as well
The Forbidden City
          The Forbidden City




Imperial Throne
                 Ming Dynasty
Known for porcelain – Done all blue & white until 17th c. – then
          began experimenting with different colors
              Ming Dynasty
– Contact with Europe:
  • Marco Polo first aroused European interest in
    China in the late thirteenth century (1200s).
  • Rumors of a great society in the East grew as
    other travelers made their way along the overland
    Silk Road between China and the West.
  • It was those tales of the riches of the East that
    spurred Columbus and other adventurers to find a
    sea route to China.
• Portuguese fleet arrived off the coast of China
  during the Ming Dynasty
• The Ming had begun a new era of greatness
  for China, and had extended their rule greatly
  (even making peace with nomadic tribes who
  had troubled them for centuries)
• At the beginning of the 15th c. (1400s), China
  was opening itself to the wider world.
  – People in the Ming court reversed this policy
    fearing that their country would become
    “known” – thus Chinese no longer continued to
    sail the open sea
• The Chinese desire to remain unknown
  was shattered when the Portuguese
  arrived in 1514.
  – Soon, the Portuguese soon outraged Chinese
    officials with their behavior and were expelled
    from Canton (the Chinese called them “ocean
    devils”
  – Direct trade between Europe & China was
    limited
  – Christian Jesuit missionaries were most
    effective & active in the exchange of ideas
    between Europe & China.
Portuguese in China – Limited to
            Macau
• Fall of the Ming Dynasty
  – 1630s, major epidemic greatly reduced
    population in many areas of the country
  – Suffering brought on by this sparked a peasant
    revolt .
  – 1640s, revolt extended throughout the country
  – In 1644, leader of the revolt & his forces
    occupied capital of Bejing. The last Ming emperor
    committed suicide by hanging himself from a tree
    in the palace gardens.
  – Leader of revolt unable to hold his conquest
    which left an opening for the Manchus (who
    were a mixed farming & hunting people, lived
    northeast of the Great Wall in the area now
    known as Manchuria)

				
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posted:2/16/2012
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