World Americas 3 Aztecs

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World Americas 3 Aztecs Powered By Docstoc
					Aztecs – c. 1350- 1550

   A Continuation of the
  Olmec and Maya cultures
       Location / Geography
• Central Mexico
  (not the Yucatan)
• Capital at
  Tenochtitlan
  (island)‫000,005‏‬
  people
• Total Pop: 10-20
  million
                      Politics
• Theocracy led
  by divine
  king/Priest
• Military –
  nearly constant
  brutal wars for
  conquest, collect
  tribute, captives
  for slaves and
  sacrifice
  Economics
• Agriculturally based
• merchants are limited by
  what they can carry since
  they‫‏‬don’t‫‏‬have‫‏‬large‫‏‬
  pack animals
• Chinampas – huge
  floating islands for
  agriculture
• The great market – daily
  trade in the merchant
  section of large cities
Chinampa
 Religion
• Polytheistic
• Many Temples based
  on astronomy for
  worship, agricultural
  planning and sacrifice
• Each holiday included
  ceremonies involving
  human
  sacrifice/cannibalism
• Fatalistic and cyclical
  view of the world
                                Social


• Large gap between upper/lower classes
• Role of Women – decide fate of prisoners,
  domestic chores (grinding maize), can
  inherit land
• Common people in constant fear of
  war/sacrifice/slavery
               Intellectual
• calendar, numbers
  and pictorial writing
  similar but not
  identical to Maya
• Capital built on an
  island required great
  planning and
  coordination
       Art
•   Temples
•   Gold objects
•   Sculpture
•   Skull racks
       Conquered by Spanish
• Spanish conquistadors led by Cortes crush
  the Aztecs during the 1530s
• More on that later

				
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