Gap Theory Refuted by HC120216095322

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									                                   Gap Theory Refuted
I. Before The Creation Week
      A. Called: The Gap Theory (gap between Gen.1:1 and Gen.1:2 (Ruin and Reconstruction;
         Ruination/Re-Creation; Pre-Adamic Cataclysm; Restitution; etc.)
         1. Popularized by Harry Rimmer, THE SCOFFIELD BIBLE, Robert Milligan (THE SCHEME
             OF REDEMPTION), Arthur Custance (WITHOUT FORM AND VOID).
         2. Proof texts: Ez.28:12-17; Isa.14:12-14; 45:18; Jer.4:23-26
         3. Claim "was" should be translated "became" in Gen.1:1.
             a) No known translation says "became." Even NIV only uses a footnote.
             b) Poll of 20 Hebrew scholars regarding "gap;" "NO." (Modern Science And Christian
                Faith, p.49, Van Kampen Press (1950))
             c) Hebrew scholar W. C. Watts: "In Genesis 1:2a the verb is perfect. It indicates a fixed and
                completed state. In other words, original matter was in a state of chaos when created: it
                came into being that way." A SURVEY OF OLD TESTAMENT PREACHING p. 16.
             d) A COMMENTARY ON GENESIS, Harold Stigers: "The cataclysmic theory (also called
                the restitution theory) respecting v. 2 can have no place in a proper translation. The
                construction of ‘became void,’ etc., is not justified by Hebrew syntax. When the verb
                ‘to be’ (hayah) is to be constructed as ‘became,’ the addition of the prepositional
                lamedh is required with the following word to provide this meaning, and this
                preposition is absent here." p. 49.
             e) Proponents of the gap theory translate Genesis 1:2 as, "And the earth had become
                formless and void." It is true, the Hebrew word used in Genesis 1:2, hayah, usually
                translated "was," is also translated elsewhere as "became" or "had become." However,
                this word is extremely common, occurring over 1,000 times in the book of Genesis
                alone, where it is given over 100 different translations in the NASB version. Since
                biblical Hebrew is a very small language (containing less than 9,000 words), many
                Hebrew words have multiple meanings. Therefore, the proper translation must be
                determined from the context in which the word is found. I have listed some of the more
                common translations of hayah from the book of Genesis:
                        Translation         Number of Times
                        Became                   85
                        Become                   230
                        Been                     98
                        Came                     526
                        Come                     141
                        Happen                   13
                        Happened                 59
                        Has                      19
                        Have                     97
                        Remain                    9
                        Remained                  6


   f) As you can see, Genesis 1:2 could be translated "And the earth remained formless and
       void..." This would make sense, since the context indicates that God had just begun
       moving above the waters of the earth to change it for habitation. The word hayah is
       used 18 times in the first 20 verses of Genesis 1 and it would not make sense to
       translate it "had become" in any of the other 17 verses. Therefore, I see no reason from
       the context of Genesis 1:1 or 1:2 to translate hayah in Genesis 1:2 as "had become."
   g)Theologically, I find it difficult to support the concept that Satan has the power to destroy
       and corrupt all of God’s creation. I’m sure that if he really had that kind of power, he
       would have used it again to destroy the world or at least prevent the Messiah from
       living. Nowhere in the Bible is that kind of power attributed to Satan, since his primary
       method of operation is through lies and deceit.1
4. Obvious answer in Ex. 20:11. Heavens and earth in six days.
   a) Response based on false distinction between "created" (BARA) & "made" (ASAH).
       (1) If "made" (Ex.20:11 “For in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, the
           sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed
           the Sabbath day and hallowed it”) is different from "created" (Gen.1:1 “In the
           beginning God created the heavens and the earth”) then avoid necessity of complete
           "creation" in 6 days.
           (2) Definitions are not contrasting. They overlap.

      "Asha"                          "Bara"
S
A     Labor, to work about            To cut, to carve out, to form
M     anything ...                    by cutting ...
E
      to make ...                     to create ...
I
D
E     to create, as haven, earth      of heaven and earth
A
      Gesenius p. 657                 Gesenius p. 138


           (3) Words used interchangeably.

N   "BARA" great sea creatures, Gen.1:21      "BARA" animals, creeping things, birds,
O                                             Gen.6:7

D   "ASAH" the beast, Gen.1:25                "ASAH" them, Gen.6:7
I
    "ASAH" man, Gen.1:26                      "BARA" everyone, "ASAH" them,
F
                                              Isa.43:7
F
E
    "BARA" man, Gen.1:27                      "BARA" and "ASAH"...all His work,
R
                                              Gen.2:3
E
N   "BARA" man, ASAH" him, Gen.5:1            "BARA" heavens and the earth, Gen.2:4
C
E   "BARA"...male and female, Gen.5:2         "ASAH" earth and heaven, Gen.2:4


       b) Since words are not contrasting but interchangeable:
           (1) Ex.20:11 refers to creation of Gen.1:1.
           (2) Creation of heavens and earth was done in six days.
           (3) Before the six days there were no heavens or earth.
       c) David certainly seems to agree, Ps.33:6 “By the word of the LORD the heavens were
           made, and all the host of them by the breath of His mouth”, 9 “For He spoke, and it was
           done; He commanded, and it stood fast”; Cf. Ps 148:3, 5 “3 Praise Him, sun and moon;
           Praise Him, all you stars of light! 5 Let them praise the name of the LORD, For He
           commanded and they were created”
B. Further Scriptural Refutation Of Gap Theory
   1. I Cor.15:45, 47 “45 And so it is written, "The first man Adam became a living being." The last
       Adam became a life-giving spirit. 46 However, the spiritual is not first, but the natural, and
       afterward the spiritual. 47 The first man was of the earth, made of dust; the second Man is the
       Lord from heaven”, Adam "first man." Excludes pre-Adamic race.
   2. I Cor.15:21-22 “21 For since by man came death, by Man also came the resurrection of the dead.
       22
            For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ all shall be made alive”; No death before Adam,
       Rom 5:12 “12 Therefore, just as through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin,
       and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned”
   3. If death before fall, Adam & Eve already destined to die. Return to dust anyway. Curse is
       meaningless. Kill and be killed, decay, cancers, all designed by God. Gen 3:19 “19 In the sweat
       of your face you shall eat bread Till you return to the ground, For out of it you were taken; For
       dust you are, And to dust you shall return”
C. In Six Days: Heaven & Earth Created; "He spoke..."; First man
D. Scripture Excludes Eons Before: No Heaven or Earth; No Man; No Death

								
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