Quiz_4_Answer_Key by xiagong0815

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                                        Quiz 4 (20 pts)

                           BIO 4910 / 5910 – GIS & Ecology


Choose the best answer for each question

   1.) According to the paper discussion last week, which of the following is usually used to model and
       project animal populations?
           a. General linear model
           b. Leslie matrix
           c. Principal components analysis
           d. Principal coordinates analysis
           e. Habitat suitability index

   2.) _______________ is the condition in which a unit area anywhere on the map represents the
       same number of square units on the earth’s surface
          a. Coformality
          b. Equivalence
          c. Graticule
          d. Orthographic
          e. Azimuthal

   3.) According to what you learned in lecture, which datum do most maps in the US now use?
          a. UTM
          b. Latitude / longitude
          c. WGS84
          d. NAD27
          e. NAD83

   4.) According to what you learned in lab last week, what program is used to create polygons?
          a. ArcMap
          b. ArcScene
          c. ArcCatalog
          d. A and C
          e. All of the above




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   5.) Centrifugal force causes the equator to bulge and the poles to flatten slightly. This is known as
          a. Deflection of the vertical
          b. Graticuling
          c. Meridianing
          d. Polar flattening
          e. Trilateration

Short Answer Section

   1.) According to the paper discussion last week, what four life-history elements do you need to
       know in order to engage in population modeling? (Once you know these four things, you can
       then place individuals on the landscape to begin building a spatially explicit dynamic population
       model.)

   Births, deaths, immigration, emigration



   2.) How do you compute longitude using astronomical observations?
       You compare the time of apparent solar noon and the time at Greenwich (the prime meridian)

   3.) What UTM zone are we in?

   Zone 14N



   4.) In the world of GIS and mapping, what is a “gore”?

   Tapered strips of paper used to make a globe



   5.) According to what you learned in lecture, how big is a hectare?

   10,000 m2 or 2.5 acres




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