North Carolina�s Serious & Violent Offender ReEntry

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					   North Carolina’s Serious & Violent
     Offender ReEntry Initiative:
                   Going Home
 A Systemic Approach to Offender Reintegration



               Justice Systems Innovations
NC Division of Mental Health, Developmental Disabilities &
                Substance Abuse Services
          Going Home Initiative
                 Goals
• To ensure public safety by reducing recidivism through
  successful community reintegration.
• To create a sustainable transition & reentry process
  that ensures coordinated services & supervision for
  offenders released from prison.
• To establish a statewide network of government
  agencies, community & faith-based organizations,
  businesses & citizens committed to successful offender
  transition & reentry.
                    NC Reentry Cluster Communities

                                                                                                                             Region 3                                                                                        Region 2                                                                           Region 1

                                                                                               23          Alleghany        Surry                                                           Caswell                                               9         9                                                                1
                                                                                                           23                                                                                                                                                                          Northampton
                                                                                               Ashe                          17                     Stokes                Rockingham          9                     Person                      Vance     Warren                           6                               Gates
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       9                                                                    6
                                                                                                                                                     17                     17                                        9                                                                                     Hertford
                                                                                      24                                                                                                                                                                                    6
                                 Region 4                                            Watauga              Wilkes                 Yadkin            Forsyth
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Granville                                 Halifax
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        6




                                                                                                                                                                                               Alamance
                                                                                                           23                      23                        21                                                                                     9                                                  Bertie




                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Durham
                                                                            Avery                                                                                    Guilford                              Orange




                                                                                                                                                                                                 15
                                                                Mitchell                                                                                                                                                                         Franklin         7




                                                                                                                                                                                                                                14
                                                                             24                                                                                                 18                          15
                                                                     24                                    Alexander                                                                                                                                              Nash          7                  2
                                                              Yancey                     Caldwell                                    Davie                                                                                                                                      Edgecombe
                                                                                              25            22                                                                                                                                                                                     Martin
                                            Madison            24                                                                      22                                                                                        Wake                                                                                         2            2
                                                                                                                       Iredell                                                                                                                                                                                                                    Dare
                                             24                                                                                                    Davidson                                    Chatham                              10                                                                                     Washington   Tyrrell
                                                                                    Burke                                 22                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1
                                                                                                                                                      22               Randolph                 15                                                                Wilson
                                                                     McDowell           25             Catawba                                                                                                                                                                            3
                                                                                                                                     Rowan                               19                                                                                            7                                          2
                                                   Buncombe            29                               25                                                                                                                                                                                Pitt
                                     Haywood          28                                                                                      19                                                                                                                                8                               Beaufort
                                       30                                                             Lincoln 27                                                                                           Lee                             Johnston                                                                                      2
                      Swain                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Greene                                                    Hyde
                                                                                                                                                                     19                                    11                                  11             8
            30         30                                                   Rutherford                                               Cabarrus                                                                       Harnett
                                Jackson               Henderson                 29          27                                        19                                                                                                                     Wayne
           Graham                                                    Polk                                                                            Stanly                            Moore                          11
                                  30                     29                              Cleveland          27                                                    Montgomery                                                                                                   8                    3
                                                                     29                                                      26                       20                                20
                                          Transylvania                                                      Gaston                                                                                                                                                           Lenoir               Craven
                                                                                                                       Mecklenburg                                                                                                                                                                               3
Cherokee                Macon                29                                                                                                                                                                           12                                                              4
               Clay      30                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Pamlico
  30                                                                                                                                                                                                                 Cumberland                                                           Jones
               30                                                                                                                                                           Richmond               Hoke
                                                                                                                                          Union              Anson                                                                           Sampson
                                                                                                                                                                              20                   16                                                             Duplin
                                                                                                                                          20                  20                                                                                4
                                                                                                                                                                                         16                                                                        4                                           3
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                       4
                                                                                                                                                                                       Scotland                                                                                      Onslow                 Carteret

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         13
                                                                                                                                                                                                          Robeson                      Bladen
                                                                                                                                                                                                            16
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  Pender
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    5


                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 13                                      New
                                                                                                                                                                                                                             Columbus                                    Hanover
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            5
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                         13
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Brunswick
       North Carolina’s Offender Re-entry Process
Phase 1: Division of Prisons                Phase 2: Community Reentry                    Phase 3: Long-term Support
•Make a plan for the offender’s reentry     •Ongoing review & monitoring of the           •Long-term accountability for reentry plan
                                            offender’s reentry plan
•Participate in programs such as                                                          •Participate in aftercare treatment,
education, substance abuse & mental         •Participate in programs for needed           ongoing mentoring, & support groups via
health treatment, life skills & job         services, such as supervised housing, job     community-based organizations
training                                    placement, education & treatment


         Offender                                       Clinical Assessment
         Management
         Model (OMM)
                                                           Individualized
                                                             Case Plan
                                                                                          Mental Health
                                 Employment
                                                                                            Services



                                 Transportation
                                                                  CBI                     Education/
                                                                                         Voc Training


                                     Substance                                          Housing/Food/
                                                            Medical Services
                                     Abuse Svcs                                           Clothing


                                      Continuous Case Management and Case Staffing
          Target Population

• Released from prison with at least 90 days
  of community supervision (e.g., parole or
  post-release supervision)

• Age 18-35 at time of release

• Going home to one of the cluster
  communities (see map)
        Target Population Profile
   Variable           Western         Wake/Durham         Eastern
 Crime Group     Public Order (56%)   Personal (73%)   Personal (57%)
Crime Category      DWI (50%)         Robbery (37%)    Assault (27%)
                   Assault (20%)       Assault (23%)   Robbery (23%)
                                                         DWI (23%)
    Race            White (65%)        Black (81%)      Black (75%)
 Age Group
   18-21               11%                 13%              14%
   22-27               37%                 49%              37%
   28-35               52%                 38%              49%
Reading Level        8.3 – 8.8          9.8 – 10.2        9.3 – 9.8
  (median)
    DART               76%                 57%              57%
 Assignment
SMI Diagnosis           9%                 5%               8%
Phase 1: Institution
    • Plan for the offender’s reentry
    • Participation in programs such as
      academic & vocational education,
      substance abuse, & life skills
    • Work on the unit or through work
      release, or participate in vocational
      programs or job training
    • Receive medical & mental health
      treatment as needed
             Institution Process
• Generate list of eligible
  inmates 12-15 months
  prior to release
• Review list, verify
  eligibility, & contact
  case managers
• Discuss Going Home
  Initiative & schedule
  initial meeting
     Institution Process (contd)
• Review inmate’s file    • Review case plan
• Conduct Team meeting    • Make recommendations
  w/ Case Manager &         for conditions of release
  Inmate (w/in 12 mos.)   • Conduct Team meeting
• Complete needs            with Case Manager &
  assessment, OTI &         Inmate (prior to release)
  Common Assessment       • Review case plan & make
• Modify case plan          initial recommendations
• Conduct Team meeting      for community case plan
  w/ Case Manager &       • Develop release schedule
  Inmate (w/in 6 mos.)
          Intended Outcomes

• Improve coordination of program & service
  delivery in prison
• Identify transition & reentry needs earlier
• Increase accountability for expected outcomes
• Institute an outcome-oriented case planning
  process
• Initiate a seamless transition from prison to the
  community
        DOC Programs, Policies &
              Procedures
• Education (academic &       • Cognitive Behavioral
  vocational)                   Interventions (CBI)
• Vocational Rehabilitation   • JOBSTART/JOBSTART II
• Drug/Alcohol Recovery         (Job Preparation for
  Treatment (DART)              Offenders)
• Character Education         • Mutual Agreement Parole
• Transition Aftercare          Program (MAPP)
  Network (TAN)               • New Case Management
• Employment (Work              policy
  Release, Corrections        • New Transition policy
  Enterprise)                 • Transition Envelope
      Phase 2: Community Reentry
• Ongoing review & monitoring
  of offender’s reentry plan
• Participate in programs for
  needed treatment & services,
  such as supervised housing, job
  search & placement, academic
  & vocational education &
  treatment
• Develop mentoring relationship
  & supportive networks
            Community Process
• Initiate 24-hour shadow   • Monitor case plan
  (community mentor)        • Participation in
• Establish basic support     programs & services
  system                    • Focus on housing,
• Begin probation             employment &
  supervision                 mentoring
• Develop community         • Continue on-going case
  case plan with expanded     management
  Transition Team
          Intended Outcomes

• Re-assess offender for risk & need
• Monitor outcome-oriented case planning
• Increase accountability for expected outcomes
• Improve program & service delivery system in
  the community
• Emphasize specific transition issues such as
  housing, employment, mentoring & treatment
    Phase 3: Long-term Support

• Identify goals for long-
  term accountability
• Participate in
  continuing care,
  mentoring & support
  groups
• Continue monitoring
  of reentry plan
         Long-term Process

• Provide supportive network for offender
• Build capacity of community partners to
  provide supportive network for offenders
• Promote and cultivate relationships among
  network partners
• Conduct training and provide technical
  assistance and workshops
          Intended Outcomes

• Establish long-term support & networks in
  the community
• Build capacity of communities to hold
  offenders accountable
• Build capacity of community-based
  organizations to support offenders in
  transition
• Share accountability for expected outcomes
  Keys to Offender Reintegration
An interlocking process involving the correctional
system w/ state & local partners:
   Pre-release planning &
      preparation
   Post-release transitioning &
      supervision
   On-going community support

Close supervision from day of release
through transition by probation/parole officers, in
concert w/ local law enforcement & community-based
partners, is essential for keeping the offender focused on
his/her reintegration case plan.
Post-Release Supervision
      •   Close supervision monitoring of
          the offender from the day of
          release through the end of the
          transitional phase by probation/
          parole officers, in concert with
          local law enforcement & other
          community-based partners.
      •   This is crucial to keeping the
          offender on task in pursuing his
          or her reintegration case plan.
The Four C’s of Partnering

                     Collaboration
                        A spirit of willing
                     cooperation & mutual
              respect that allows different entities
            to share a common vision to contribute
                         to the process.

                     Coordination
     A sequenced plan of action, agreed to by all parties,
   delineating who will do what, when & for what duration.
                     Commitment
   A good-faith pledge by all partners to do whatever each has
      resources to do, with no concern for who gets credit.
                  Communication
        The free sharing of information and knowledge.
5. Reintegration Culminates
      in the Community
          • The ultimate challenge of the
            reintegration process occurs
            in the community.
          • The community partners who
            will assume primary respons-
            ibility in this stage must be
            increasingly involved in the
            process as it progresses,
            ensuring continuity of
            support leading to offender
            reintegration.
  Objectives of the Local Partner
              Process
• Increased understanding of the criminal justice
  system, corrections & offenders
• Enhanced ability to respond to public safety
  issues, as well as community concerns
• Integrated local resources & agency work
• Enhanced problem-solving skills around
  common interests
• An educated, diverse core group that can explain
  program & resource needs for system integration
           Local Partner Process:
             Critical Elements
• Define a mechanism to       • Direct involvement in
  facilitate two-way            decision-making process
  communication; All          • Clearly defined procedures
  parties directly involved     to hold each other
  must be committed to          accountable
  the mechanism               • Each partner’s needs &
• Representation from all       limitations are acknow-
  appropriate segments of       ledged & addressed
  the community               • Orientations for all
• Define the roles &            partners to learn about
  responsibilities of each      each other
  partner
         Local Partner “to do list”

             • Develop leadership structure
             • Develop regular meeting schedule
             • Develop local Memoranda of Understanding &
               standard operating procedures
             • Tour local prison & build relationships with staff
• Conduct resource mapping in major need areas: housing,
  employment, mentoring/life coaching & treatment
• Develop job description for contractual JobLink staff
• Build network capacity by participating in training &
  requesting technical assistance

				
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