City of Punta Gorda Comprehensive Plan Evaluation and Appraisal Report 2011 (2nd Draft – April 2011) 1 PUNTA GORDA CITY COUNCIL PLANNING COMMISSION Harvey Goldberg, Mayor Lynne Matthews, Vice Chair William F Albers, Vice Mayor Edward Zapke, Chair Lawrence Friedman, Councilmember John Burrage Rachel Keesling, Councilmember Masten Longhman Charles Wallace, Councilmember Bill Schindler Charles Zajicek Donna Aveck COMMUNITY REDEVELOPMENT AGENCY Thomas Feneran Harvey Goldberg, Chair William F Albers, Vice Chair Lawrence Friedman GROWTH MANAGEMENT DEPARTMENT Rachel Keesling Dennis B Murphy Sr., PG PSM, Director Charles Wallace David Hilston, AICP, Urban Design Manager Frank Weikel Joan F LeBeau, AICP, Chief Planner Jane Struges Mitchell S Austin, AICP, Urban Planner Cherry Cash Prewitt, Planner Teri Tubbs, Zoning Official CITY OFFICIALS Lisa Hannon, Zoning Coordinator Howard Kunik, City Manager Julie Ryan, Administrative Assistant David Levin. City Attorney Sue Foster, City Clerk 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This Evaluation and Appraisal Report represents an evaluation of the past seven years and the implementation of the existing Comprehensive Plan (Plan) which was adopted in 2008. Over the past seven years, the City of Punta Gorda has seen substantial redevelopment since the 2004 Category IV hurricane devastated the businesses and residential communities within the City. The purpose of this EAR is to provide a summary analysis of the successes and failures of the Plan, to identify major issues of concern, and to identify proposed changes to amend and update the Plan. The Plan was evaluated through the collaboration of The City of Punta Gorda staff, state agencies, other units of government, and the general public. Many issues were identified during the evaluation process, some of which are new and some of which already are being addressed in existing policies. The issues that were identified as of primary importance all deal with some aspect of accommodating future growth. As growth occurs, conflicts between adjacent land uses become more frequent, and demands upon roads and other infrastructure increase. The implementation of the Plan generally has been good; however, some policies have not been fully implemented. Implementation of the Plan is proceeding and most of the programs eventually will be implemented. The EAR process has resulted in renewed vigor and interest in adopting an improved plan to guide the City’s growth through 2030. The entire Plan will be updated with the best available data and analysis and will be edited to ensure accuracy and consistency. Goals, objectives, and policies also will be updated to reflect new information but major policy revisions are not expected except as noted in this report. Some policies and programs will be revised with more achievable implementation targets and time frames. When completed, the revised Plan is expected to better accommodate both expected and unexpected growth in addition to maintaining the quality of life and ambiance of the community. The EAR identifies four (4) issues that will be addressed in the EAR-based Plan Amendments. These issues were identified by residents and staff. Each issue and proposed actions are briefly summarized below. Issue 1: Development of Supportive Policies for a Functional Transportation Concurrency Area (TCEA) 3 As the City continues to grow, the City is looking to provide policies in the Future Land Use and Transportation Elements that would support the development of a TCEA and the subsequent development of a Mobility Plan. Issue 2: Analysis of Energy Efficient Alternatives The City will examine policies within the existing Plan that address House Bill (HB) 697 which deals with greenhouse gas emission reductions. The City will review the proximity of daily needs and workplaces to residential and commercial areas in an effort to connect the communities through alternative transportation modes thereby reducing the vehicular miles traveled. Issue 3: Analyze Climate Adaptation/Sea Level Rise Strategies The City will be reviewing alternative strategies provided in The City of Punta Gorda’s Climate Adaptation Plan. Staff will be developing an action plan that will prepare Punta Gorda for future climate change. The proposed Conservation Element will review and possibly add policies to promote energy conservation as well as providing future directions for the City to address sea level rise. In addition potential policies may be added to develop strategies to combat sea level rise effects on the City’s shoreline. Staff will also review the Housing Element to develop strategies for future housing to include the use of energy resources based on energy deficient design and construction. Issue 4: Declining Tax Revenues & Budget Cutbacks The City will review the Capital Improvements Element to assure that continued adequate levels of service are maintained with the ongoing limited funding and budget cutbacks. TABLE OF CONTENTS EXECUTIVE SUMMARY .............................................................. 3 Location of Existing Development in Relation to Location of TABLE OF CONTENTS ............................................................... 5 Anticipated Development [163.3191(2)(d)] ...................... 32 INTRODUCTION ....................................................................... 9 Assessment of Successes and Shortcomings Related to Each Element [163.3191(2)(h)] ................................................. 38 Purpose Statement ............................................................. 10 Changes in Growth Management Laws [163.3191(2)(f)] ... 76 City of Punta Gorda Profile ................................................. 11 ANALYZING MAJOR ISSUES ................................................... 107 Public Participation Process [163.3191(2)(j)] ....................... 12 Development of Supportive Policies for a Functional EAR Workshop/Public Meeting......................................... 15 Transportation Concurrency Exemption Area (TCEA) ......... 111 Scoping Meeting - F.S. 163.3191 (3) ............................... 15 Density & Intensity ........................................................ 113 Discussion of the Community Vision [163.3177(13)] ....... 16 Pattern of Land Uses ...................................................... 115 Preparing the Community-Wide Assessment ...................... 19 Outline a Strategy for the Development of a Mobility Plan Population Growth [163.3191(2)(a)]................................. 20 ..................................................................................... 116 Change in Land Area [163.3191(2)(a)] ............................. 23 Include Provisions for Fixture Fixed Route or Circulatory City of Punta Gorda Vacant Land Area Changes Transit........................................................................... 125 163.3191(2)(b) ................................................................ 25 Analysis of Logical Extents of a Transportation Concurrency Location of Development [163.3191(2)(d)] ...................... 28 Exemption Area ............................................................. 127 Vacant and Developable Land [163.3191(2)(b)]................ 30 Analysis of the Energy Efficiency Alternatives .................... 130 Provision of Infrastructure and Maintenance of Level-of- Proximity of Daily Needs and Workplaces to Residential130 Service Standards [163.3191(2)(c)] .................................. 31 5 Study Optimal Commercial Intensity/Residential Densities Divide the Conservation & Coastal Management ............ 159 that are Walkable, Bicycle Friendly, and Transit Supportive Aging in Place................................................................ 160 ..................................................................................... 131 Unforeseen Changes in Circumstances [163.3191(2)(g)] 161 Sustainable Food Production ......................................... 132 EVALUATING SPECIAL TOPICS ............................................... 162 Develop Future Land Use Category Suitable for Local Food Coordination of Land Use Planning and School Planning Production .................................................................... 133 [163.3191(2)(k)] ............................................................... 162 Support Creation of Community Gardens ...................... 134 Exemption From School Concurrency [163.3191(2)(k) and Study Existing and Potential Food Production Areas in all of 163.31777(7)] .................................................................. 162 South Charlotte County ................................................. 134 Implementation of the 10-Year Water Supply Facilities Work Analyze Climate Adaptation/Sea Level Rise Strategies ...... 135 Plan [163.3191(2)(l)] ......................................................... 163 Review & Evaluate the Recommended Adaptation Strategies Coastal High-Hazard Areas [163.3191(2)(m)] ................... 166 with Regard to HB697 ................................................... 142 Land Use Compatibility Near Military Installations Explore City's Future Directions Regarding Sea Level Rise, & [163.3191(2)(n] ................................................................ 167 Emission of Greenhouse Gases ...................................... 144 Evaluation of Concurrency Exception Areas [163.3191(2)(o)] Declining Tax Revenues and Budget Cutbacks .................. 147 ........................................................................................ 167 Other Identified Issues ..................................................... 148 Evaluation of Long-Term Concurrency Management Systems Water Supply Facilities Planning..................................... 150 [163.3180(9)(d)] ............................................................... 167 Development of a Historical Element ............................. 152 Evaluation of Roadway Impact Methodology [163.3191(2)(p)] Annexation ................................................................... 158 ........................................................................................ 168 Analysis & Updates Based on the 2010 Census Data ...... 159 Evaluation of Urban Infill and Redevelopment Areas [163.2517(6)] ................................................................... 168 Comprehensive Planning Certification Program MAP SERIES .......................................................................... 182 [163.3246(12)] ................................................................. 168 ACRONYMS .......................................................................... 183 RECOMMENDATIONS / PROPOSED CHANGES [163.3191(2)(i)] REFERENCES ......................................................................... 184 ........................................................................................... 169 APPENDIX 1.......................................................................... 186 Plan Amendments Needed to Address Major Issues .......... 169 APPENDIX 2.......................................................................... 193 CONCLUSION ....................................................................... 179 LIST OF TABLES Table 1 – City Visioning ......................................................... 19 Table 12 – Projects within the Community Redevelopment Area Table 2 – City of Punta Gorda’s/Charlotte County Population (CRA) 2004-2011 ................................................................... 36 Percent of the Population Share ............................................. 20 Table 13 – Projects outside the Community Redevelopment Table 3 – City of Punta Gorda’s Population Estimates & Area (CRA) 2004-2011 ........................................................... 37 Projections ............................................................................ 21 Table 14 – Results Through Collaboration Project List ............ 55 Table 4 – Applied Growth Rates ............................................. 21 Table 15 – Park & Recreation Master Plan Projects .................. 61 Table 5 – City of Punta Gorda’s Population & Housing Table 16 – Changes to Chapter 163, F.S., 2005-2009 ........... 106 Characteristics (2006-2030) .................................................. 22 Table 17 – City of Punta Gorda Evaluation and Appraisal Report Table 6 – City of Punta Gorda’s Seasonal Population & Identified Major Issues ......................................................... 110 Projections (2009-2025) ........................................................ 23 Table 18 – Two Other Alternative Future Climate Scenarios for Table 7 – Annexation – January 2004 – December 2010 ......... 24 Florida ................................................................................. 135 Table 8 – 2007vs 2010 Vacant Land Use by Type ................... 25 Table 19 – Adaptation Strategy Evaluation Example.............. 147 Table 9 – 2007 vs 2010 Existing Land Use ............................. 27 Table 20 – City of Punta Gorda Evaluation and Appraisal Report Table 10 – Future Land Use Amendments 2004-2010 ............ 29 Other Identified Issues ......................................................... 149 Table 11 – Vacant Land by Type ........................................... 31 7 Table 21 – Low Income and Cost Burdened Elderly Households, Table 22 – Recommended Policy Changes ............................ 178 2005-2020. ......................................................................... 161 LIST OF MAPS Map 1 – City Limits Map ........................................................ 12 Map 14 – Potential NEV’s Map .............................................. 122 Map 2 – City Market Place Location Map ................................ 14 Map 15 – Proposed Charlotte County Fixed Route Transit (2009) Map 3 – Community Redevelopment Area (CRA) .................... 17 ............................................................................................ 123 Map 4 – Annexation 2004-2010............................................. 24 Map 16 – Ring Around the City Map ..................................... 124 Map 17 – Charlotte Count-Punta Gorda MPO Long Range Map 5 – Existing Land Use Map.............................................. 26 Transportation Plan Transit Needs Map ................................ 126 Map 6 – FLU Amendment Map ............................................... 28 Map 18 – Existing Charlotte County Argiculture Zoning Map 132 Map 7 – Vacant Land Use Map ............................................... 30 Map 19 – Future Land Use Map ............................................ 133 Map 8 – Preservation Land Use Map ....................................... 44 Map 20 – Portable Water Infrastructure in the CHHA Map ..... 138 Map 9 – Administrative Facilities Map .................................... 64 Map 10 – Charlotte County Elementary School Concurrency Map 21 – Sanitary Sewer in the CHHA Map ........................... 139 Service Area Map ................................................................... 72 Map 22 – Road Infrastructure in the CHHA Map .................... 139 Map 11 - Freight Map .......................................................... 119 Map 23 – Historic Overlay District Map ................................. 153 Map 12 – Bicycle Route Map................................................. 120 Map 24 – Trabue Woods Historic Overlay District Map .......... 154 Map 13 – Pedestrian Map ..................................................... 121 Map 25 – Annexation Study Area Map .................................. 158 INTRODUCTION Pursuant to Section 163.3191, Florida Statutes, "each local government shall adopt an evaluation and appraisal report (EAR) once every seven years assessing the progress in implementing the local government's comprehensive plan." The evaluation and appraisal report is the principle process for updating local comprehensive plans to reflect changes in local conditions and state policy on planning and growth management. The report evaluates how successful a community has been in addressing major community land use planning issues through implementation of its comprehensive plan. Based on this evaluation, the report suggests how the plan should be revised to better address community objectives, changing conditions and trends affecting the community, and changes in state requirements. The last major evaluation, the 2003 City of Punta Gorda Evaluation and Appraisal Report helped set the stage for the adoption of the City of Punta Gorda Comprehensive Plan 2025 in December 2008. The EAR process mandates local governments to examine the changes in state legislation, and how these changes are accounted for in their Comprehensive Plans. This 2011 Evaluation and Appraisal Report of the City of Punta Gorda Comprehensive Plan 2025 addresses Chapter 163 F.S., Rule 9J-5 Florida Administrative Code F.A.C., as well as redevelopment and new development changes the City has undergone over the past few years. It also reviews the proposed development, redevelopment and challenges facing the City over the next five (5) and ten (10) year planning periods. Two major pieces of legislation passed since the 2008 Comprehensive Plan are Senate Bill (SB) 360 and House Bill (HB) 697. Senate Bill 360 imposes local planning requirements for Transportation Concurrency Exception Areas (TCEA) to communities designated Dense Urban Land Areas (DULA) pursuant to the bill. Within two years after a TCEA becomes effective, the local government must amend its comprehensive plan to include "land use and transportation strategies to support and fund mobility 9 within the exception area, including alternative modes of transportation." Also enacted by the Florida Legislature was HB 697 in the 2008 session. HB 697 establishes local planning requirements relating to energy efficient land use patterns, transportation strategies to address greenhouse gas reductions, energy conservation, and energy efficient housing. These new requirements became effective on July 1, 2008. Local governments are advised to use the existing substantial body of literature addressing the connection among land use, transportation, energy, and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions. There has been much controversy over the purpose, intent, and effect of these major legislative changes to Florida’s Growth Management Laws. While the ongoing legal challenges to SB 360, the lack of clear direction regarding HB 697, and the change in Administration in the Florida Executive Branch interject a high degree of uncertainty into the Comprehensive Plan process, the City of Punta Gorda has incorporated the legislative changes into this Evaluation and Appraisal Report. The City sees the guidance provided by the enacted legislation as serving to further Punta Gorda’s established goals, objectives and policies. Regardless of the outcomes of the legal challenges and administrative code (F.A.C.) changes, the City will move forward in its mission to “promote the unique character and environment of Punta Gorda, while enhancing property values and advancing the quality of life”. Purpose Statement Section 163.3191, F.S. states "Each local government shall adopt an Evaluation and Appraisal Report (EAR) once every seven years assessing the progress in implementing the local government's comprehensive plan." This EAR will evaluate how successful the City of Punta Gorda has been in addressing major community and land use planning issues through the implementation of its comprehensive plan. Specifically the EAR will: Identify major issues for the community evaluate the effectiveness of the City of Punta Gorda Comprehensive Plan since the last EAR adoption Assess the degree to which plan objectives as they relate to the major issues have been achieved Assess both successes and shortcomings of the plan Identify ways that the plan should be changed o Respond to changing conditions and trends affecting the local community o Respond to the need for new data o Respond to changes in state requirements regarding growth management and development o Respond to changes in regional plans Ensure effective intergovernmental coordination This will assist staff and the community to fulfill the City’s vision and the action necessary to successfully implement the policies that address the major issues. Based on this evaluation, recommendations are provided as to how the plan should be revised to better address our community objectives, changing conditions and trends that are affecting the community. City of Punta Gorda Profile The year 1884 marked the beginning of Punta Gorda when, on the instructions of subdivision founder Isaac Trabue, surveyor Kelley B. Harvey laid out streets and blocks along the Peace River that would become the City of Punta Gorda. Today, Punta Gorda boasts a small town atmosphere in approximately thirty two (32) square miles of land (15.97 sq. mi.) and water (16.01 sq. mi.). It is located on the southwestern coast of Florida about one hundred (100) miles south of Tampa and twenty-five (25) miles north of Fort Myers. Like most South Florida communities Punta Gorda grew in the boom and bust cycle in keeping with the trends of irrational exuberance and depression, of war and peace and prosperity. Then in 2004 the City of Punta Gorda received a direct landfall hit from Hurricane Charley. With sustained winds in excess of one hundred and twenty- ORIGINAL PLAT FOR THE TOWN five (125) miles per hour the City encountered extensive damage during the 11 relatively brief, period of extreme conditions. The cost of Hurricane Charley included a significant loss in the City’s stock housing and commercial buildings. The City of Punta Gorda Comprehensive Plan 2025 addresses the redevelopment and growth that occurred during the aftermath of Hurricane Charley. Today, over six (6) years later, the City of Punta Gorda has seen an extensive redevelopment of single family, multi-family and commercial structures. However, due to increased construction and land costs it continues to struggle with overall housing affordability. There has been significant population growth in the City of Punta Gorda. According to the United States Census Bureau, in 2000, the population was14,344. The city utilizing the Florida Statistical Abstract 2010, of the Florida Bureau of Economic and Business Research estimates the 2011 population to be 16,907. Public Participation Process [163.3191(2)(j)] Engaging the public in the evaluation and appraisal of the Comprehensive Plan is challenging. While city staff pursued specific exercises to obtain input and feedback from its citizens, public outreach and involvement is a continuing, year-round activity, requiring the planning staff to continually listen in all forums, not just those devised for the EAR. Described below are the various activities and events used to gain input into the long term desires of the City of Punta Gorda citizens, business owners, MAP 1 – CITY LIMITS MAP regulatory agencies, and other stakeholders. In addition to those activities which were specific to the EAR, other methods of obtaining input into the EAR and long range planning process are described. While the City of Punta Gorda has established a clear vision of itself, keeping the community vision is an on-going, proactive process that not only meets statutory mandates, but actively seeks out resident and stakeholder input from the most formal public hearing to the least formal community and neighborhood settings. While many formal and informal visioning efforts have undoubtedly occurred since Isaac Trabue’s plat in 1884, this EAR will focus on those ideas previously identified in other plans as well as those recently acquired during the July public workshop. The recent adoption of the City of Punta Gorda Comprehensive Plan 2025 in December 2008 provides the City with a relatively new and focused Comprehensive Plan which will be reviewed and tweaked during this latest state mandated Evaluation and Appraisal Report Process. A representative cross section of the City’s citizenry met to re-examine many of the issues covered in the Comprehensive Plan. The resulting report to City Council in July discussed the City’s image, population growth, economic diversity and future development. The results stated in the presentation reflected the consensus among the participants of what they wanted the City to be in the future. Public input assists staff and elected officials in developing public policy which helps shape the City’s Comprehensive Plan, and is critical in the development of the City’s capital improvements program. Many projects identified through public workshops are essential to the City’s economic and social well-being and have been successfully funded through voter-approved sales tax initiatives. Examples include: the development of the Ring Around the City, a series of connected recreational trails linking neighborhoods to business communities; the support for the acquisition of environmentally sensitive lands; the installation of more than 8 miles of sidewalks, the construction of the new Public Works Campus to improve current and provide for future growth needs in the delivery of services to our residents; and numerous other projects which contribute to the quality of life enjoyed by residents and visitors. Additional citizen’s initiatives are currently underway in the different communities of the City regarding the development of community-specific plans for these areas. Given the popularity of such initiatives – which have the common theme of preserving the character of their areas – it is likely that the number of community plans will grow, bringing “visioning” to the level where it has the greatest impact: the neighborhood. It is interesting to note, that this was a general 13 consensus during the visioning process for the EAR public input sessions. In addition to bringing the City’s attention to the needs of specific neighborhoods, citizens have expressed their concerns regarding the City’s commercial areas. Particular concern within these areas is the appearance of development along with the functionality of the small, shallow lots which occur along the City’s major road corridors. This is not a recent concern. In fact, the inadequacy of the City’s commercial areas was discussed at some length in the 1995 EAR, leading to the 1997 Comprehensive Plan’s designation of “Commercial Center” areas, and the limitation of new Commercial Corridors. The latest planning effort focuses on completing a variety of projects that will enhance the “destination point” concept at the heart of downtown infill and redevelopment. Among the larger issues addressed in this area are the development of the “City Marketplace” (identified on Map 2), a two block area vacant since shortly after Hurricane Charley at the heart of downtown, and the completion the Ring Around the City, a system of multi-use recreational trails intended to connect all of Punta Gorda’s neighborhoods to the major commercial areas and destination points within the City. While the primary purpose of the Ring Around the City will be to provide non-motorized transportation connections, the various projects of the Ring will improve the general aesthetic character of different areas through sidewalk, landscaping, and drainage improvements. These capital MAP 2 – CITY MARKET PLACE LOCATION MAP improvements are intended to strengthen the commercial destinations within the area and may set the stage for the creation of new policy directives, and possibly the establishment of some form of special district to ensure Implementation. Again, these issues were a concern during the EAR public input sessions, as well as a variety of other meetings held with the residents and business owners. Below is a brief description of the numerous public outreach efforts leading up to the development of this EAR. EAR Workshop/Public Meeting On July 15, 2010, a public workshop was held for the purpose of obtaining citizen input into the process of identifying major issues. The workshop was advertised in the local newspaper and on the City’s website. The workshop provided an opportunity for all interested parties to ask questions about the Comprehensive Plan and the EAR process. The input received from the public workshops was important in the development and refinement of visioning issues and opportunities. The results of the public workshop were presented to the Punta Gorda City Council during the approval process of the Major Issues then sent to DCA in the City’s Letter of Understanding. Scoping Meeting - F.S. 163.3191 (3) The City of Punta Gorda held a Scoping Meeting on August 10, 2010. In attendance at this meeting were representatives of the following adjacent local governments and regional review agencies: Department of Community Affairs, Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council, Charlotte County, Metropolitan Planning Organization, Department of Transportation, and the School Board of Charlotte County. The purpose of the Scoping Meeting was to discuss the subject matter for the EAR with the agencies that would be reviewing the document. In addition, the meeting was an opportunity to identify information needs and get commitments from the review agencies to provide data to the City to be used in the preparation of the EAR. The City received the Letter of Understanding from DCA on October 8, 2010. 15 Discussion of the Community Vision [163.3177(13)] Pursuant to 163.3177(13) F.S., local governments are encouraged to develop a community vision that provides for sustainable growth, recognizes its fiscal constraints, and protects its natural resources. The City believes it has surpassed the minimum criteria in this regard. In the aftermath of Hurricane Charley, a Category 4 hurricane that damaged and destroyed large parts of the downtown area and numerous residential homes in 2004, the citizens of Punta Gorda came together in a grassroots effort to re-establish and redefine visioning ideas established previously through various City planning activities. These efforts were first led through the actions of the Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) during February of 2005. The CRA, as seen on Map 3, focuses redevelopment efforts on projects which assist in the rebuilding our public spaces and stress the importance of the City’s waterfront as an economic engine for the downtown area and adjacent neighborhoods. The CRA sought direct community input through a charrette process that resulted in the 2005 CRA Charrette document, which built on the visioning efforts first established in the, 1990 Downtown Redevelopment Plan 2005 CITIZEN MASTER PLAN and 2000 Eastside and Downtown Planning Study. At the February 2005 CRA Charrette, in an overwhelming show of community pride and resiliency, the citizen founded advocacy group TEAM Punta Gorda announced its intention to develop a comprehensive community vision for Punta Gorda not constrained by existing regulatory or municipal boundaries. The primary mission of TEAM Punta Gorda “is to serve as a collaborative resource uniting our citizens in accelerating revitalization to achieve the potential of our unique waterfront community”. In order to fulfill this mission TEAM Punta Gorda hired renowned urban planning firm Jaime Correa and Associates to help the community crystallize a comprehensive community vision. The results of this effort, the 2005 Citizens Master Plan, extended well beyond the boundaries of the CRA, throughout the current city limits and into the surrounding area helping to define the logical extension of the community desired development pattern. The compact and contiguous pattern of development in the City is appropriate given the historic nature of the City and the citizen’s vision of the community is outlined in the 2005 Citizen’s Master Plan as a great place to live, work, and play. In order to ensure a logical development pattern that minimizes the cost of delivery of services and increases quality of life, higher densities and intensities of new development need to occur in close proximity to existing infrastructure. This concentration of more intense uses serves the dual purpose of maximizing the utilization of existing infrastructure while decreasing development pressure on environmentally sensitive and rural lands. As the only City in Charlotte County, Punta Gorda stands in a unique position to deliver the logical locations for various types of development to occur. Table 1 below, is a list of the planning documents and major recommendations associated with each. Each document includes citizen input which assists the City in fulfilling the vision of our community. MAP 3 – COMMUNITY REDEVELOPMENT AREA (CRA) 17 City Visioning Planning Document Year Major Recommendations Downtown Community Listed infrastructure projects to reverse decline of downtown and surrounding 1990 Redevelopment Plan neighborhoods updated the 1990 Downtown Community Redevelopment Plan recommending further Eastside and Downtown Planning 2000 infrastructure improvements and implementation of some type of design provisions to Study retain historic character Set of practical design guidelines for the various historic architectural styles found in Historic Design Guidelines 2003 Punta Gorda Completely rewritten Land Development Code with a design focus designed to respect Land Development Regulations 2005 the history of the City Post-Charley truth check that built upon the vision established in the Eastside and CRA Charrette 2005 Downtown Planning Study, focus on implementation of specific projects including new Land Development Regulations Document produced at the behest of citizens group TEAM Punta Gorda by renowned New Urbanists Planning firm Jamie Correa and Associates. This document in vivid Citizens Master Plan 2005 detail reaffirmed the steps the City was already taking to redevelop and expand this vision beyond the confines of the CRA to encompass the greater South Charlotte County area Assessment of existing bicycle and pedestrian transportation network establishing a 2030 Alternative Transportation 2006 vision for the future expansion of that network into a vital component of the Plan transportation system of the City Analyzed the existing and projected parking and traffic demands in the downtown Downtown Parking & Traffic 2006 core and recommended specific planning activities, regulations, and capital Circulation Study improvements to maximize the long term viability of the core Downtown Complete rewrite of the 1997 Comprehensive Plan that more clearly reflected the City of Punta Gorda 2008 quantity, quality, and character of planning that had occurred in creating a complete Comprehensive Plan 2025 vision of the City of Punta Gorda since 2000 Analysis of existing parks system combined with substantial public and stakeholder input to achieve the vision of "Advancing the quality of life through the creation of a Parks and Recreation Master Plan 2009 comprehensive interconnected and sustainable Park System that promotes the unique character and environment of Punta Gorda" City/County/TEAM Punta Gorda initiative to generate publicly driven vision for the South County Gateway Planning 2010 unincorporated portions of South Charlotte County adjacent to the City and Project recommend County Land Development Regulations to assist in achieving this vision TABLE 1 – SOURCE: CITY OF PUNTA GORDA URBAN DESIGN DIVISION Preparing the Community-Wide Assessment Florida Statutes require that certain subjects be addressed in the evaluation and appraisal report in addition to the locally defined major issues. These required subject analyses represent minimum requirements for the EAR. They include analysis of population, change in land area, suitability of vacant lands for development, ability of our City to meet demands of growth on infrastructure, location of development relative to where development was planned, and the successes and shortcomings of each element of the Plan. The required analyses also evaluates coordination with schools and water management district plans and reviews changes in state and regional planning laws, rules and policies that necessitate update of the Comprehensive Plan. 19 Population growth [163.3191(2)(a)] Florida’s steadily increasing population since the 1940’s is well documented through the Bureau of Economic and Business Research (BEBR). The BEBR reports a variety of statistics of all Florida Counties including population projections. These projections are provided in a low, mid and high range. Charlotte County uses the mid range BEBR population projections. The City also uses the mid range BEBR population projections and establishes the following planning period for this Comprehensive Plan. As required under Chapter 163.3177 (3)(a)1 and Rule 9J-5(4) & (5)(a), the City establishes two planning periods: one for the first five year period subsequent to the EAR adoption (2010 – 2015) and one for at an overall ten-year period (2021). Staff reviewed the City’s population growth since 1970. Census population figures for the years 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000 and BEBR estimated populations for 2010 and 2020 are shown in Table 2. This table compares the City’s growth from 1970 through 2010 & 2020 projected growth with the County’s growth. In addition to the population growth comparison between the City and the County, the table also identifies the percent of share of the total County population. City of Punta Gorda’s/Charlotte County Population Comparison Percent of the Population Share Place 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 City of Punta Gorda 3,789 6,797 10,747 14,344 16,641 19,185 Charlotte County 27,559 58,460 110,975 127,283 156,106 185,654 Total 31,348 154,030 121,722 141,627 172,747 204,839 % of Share 14% 12% 10% 11% 9.75% 10% TABLE 2 – SOURCE: 2010 BUREAU OF ECONOMIC & BUSINESS RESEARCH AND URBAN DESIGN 2011 The City’s population was 14,344 in 2000 and was estimated at 16,989 in 2009. Table 3 identifies the growth rates applied to in Table 4. By applying the appropriate growth rate to City’s Census 2000 and 2009 BEBR population numbers and the projected 2010 population the projected populations were calculated annually for five years 2011-2015, and ten years 2021. City of Punta Gorda’s Population Estimates & Projections Applied Growth Rates 2009 16,989 2010 16,641 Year % Change 2011 16,907 Year one 0.0157% 2012 17,177 Year Five 4.3% 2013 17,452 Year Seven 9.75% 2014 17,719 TABLE 4 - SOURCE: URBAN DESIGN 2011 CALCULATED BASED ON 2009 & 2010 BEBR PROJECTIONS 2015 18,073 2021 19,491 2025 21,050 TABLE 3 – SOURCE: 2010 BUREAU OF ECONOMIC & BUSINESS RESEARCH AND URBAN DESIGN 2011 As the City begins to near build out within the existing boundaries, the growth rate will begin to stabilize and ultimately decrease. Strategies to maintain a stable growth rate including redevelopment, increased densities, and annexations will need to be deployed as appropriate by the City. Maintaining a stable growth rate will lessen growth pressures on the Unincorporated County; decrease the relative attractiveness of converting rural lands into suburban sprawl, and serve to maximize the utilization of existing infrastructure within and adjacent to the current City Limits. The City of Punta Gorda’s Demographic and Housing Characteristics 2006-2030 completed in March of 2007, identifies the population of 17,595, an increase over the last planning 21 period of 22.7% which is slightly lower than the BEBR’s projections identified above. The average age within the City is approximately sixty-four (64) years. The 2000 Census Data identifies over half the City’s population is over fifty (50) years in age. Table 5 identifies the breakdown of the City’s population extrapolated from the limited available 2010 US Census Data. City of Punta Gorda’s Population & Housing Characteristics (2006 – 2030) Type 2006 2010 2020 2030 Workforce population 4,408 4,327 4,988 5,047 Non-Workforce population 12,544 12,314 14,197 20,189 Population: 0-17 1,356 1,331 1,535 1,413 Population: 18-34 1,187 1,165 1,343 1,640 Population: 35-49 1,526 1,498 1,727 2,265 Population: 50-64 4,746 4,654 5,371 7,029 Population: 65 and older 8,137 7,988 9,209 12,889 Total Population 16,952 16,641 14,185 25,236 TABLE 5 – SOURCE: FL STATISTICAL ABSTRACT 2010, CITY OF PUNTA GORDA URBAN DESIGN 2011 Seasonal Population The part time residents of South Florida typically present during the winter months produce a significant increase to the base population. These seasonal residents usually cause a spike in the population from mid-November through mid-April. They may own a second home or condominium in the region or may have a long term rental arrangement. The Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council (SWRPC) estimates that during the season, winter residents may increase the six (6) county region’s population by as much as twenty-two percent (22%). SWFRPC based this estimate on a combination of taxable sales, the number of homes held for seasonal use, and the ratio of seasonal households to total households. Although precise numbers are not readily available, it was estimated that the seasonal population in the City and Charlotte County is similar to these seasonal population estimates as illustrated in Table 6 below. City of Punta Gorda’s Seasonal Population & Projections 2009-2025 275,000 225,000 175,000 City* 16,989 16,641 16,907 17,177 17,452 17,719 18,073 19,491 21,050 125,000 County** 75,000 150,514 152,976 155,479 158,022 160,607 163,176 165,786 182,349 194,300 25,000 Seasonal*** 37,073 37,695 38,327 38,970 39,624 40,257 40,901 44,985 47,931 (25,000) Total 204,576 207,312 210,713 214,169 217,683 221,152 224,760 246,825 263,281 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2021 2025 TABLE 6 – SOURCE: *2010 BUREAU OF ECONOMIC AND BUSINESS RESEARCH ** 2010 CHARLOTTE COUNTY *** SEASONAL POPULAITON BASED ON THE COUNTY Change in land area [163.3191(2)(a)] Over the last seven years, the City has annexed 1,343.09 acres into the City limits. Since 2004, the City has proactively annexed properties within the following 2006 Annexation Study Areas, US 41 Commercial Enclaves, Environmental Enclave, Burnt Store Road Enclaves, and US 17 Corridor West as illustrated in Map 4 and described in Table 7. 23 Annexation January 2004 – December 2010 Ordinance Effective Date Land Area Square Miles 1375-04 6/2/2004 10 0.015625 1396-04 12/1/2004 0.8 0.00125 1433-06 4/5/2006 0.41 0.00064 1456-06 11/1/2006 13.37 0.02089 1492-07 6/1/2007 33.38 0.051256 1472-07 4/4/2007 3.86 0.006031 1473-07 4/4/2007 0.56 0.000875 1524-07 11/7/2007 4.94 0.007718 1510-07 11/7/2007 0.79 0.001234 1528-08 1/2/2008 1.3 0.002031 1541-08 3/5/2008 0.61 0.000937 1473-07 4/4/2007 0.56 0.046515 1551-08 4/4/2008 3.3 0.005156 1584-09 2/18/2009 1,240 1.9375 Total 1,343.1 2.097658 TABLE 7 – CITY OF PUNTA GORDA URBAN DESIGN MAP 4 – ANNEXATION 2004-2010 City of Punta Gorda Vacant Land Area Changes 163.3191(2)(b) Table 8, illustrates the number of acres of vacant land type, Residential, Commercial, and Industrial in 2007 and in 2010. The analysis of the 2010 data revealed inconsistencies in the 2007 data which lead to the revised 2007 data. The revisions reduced the percentage of vacant land in the City. The 2010 numbers reveal a 1.68% reduction in vacant lands within the City. This decrease in available vacant lands occurred in both the Residential and Commercial vacant land use types. Pursuant to [163.2517(a), F.S.], these declines in vacant lands imply that the City’s efforts to encourage infill and redevelopment appear to be working. Furthermore, the reduction in vacant lands tends to support the policy of continuing annexations following parameters identified in the 2006 Annexation Study Areas as identified in the Future Land Use Element. 2007 vs 2010 Vacant Lands by Types 2007 Revised 2007 2010 Vacant Land % of Vacant % of Total % of Vacant % of Total % of % of Total Acres Acres Acres Types Land Land Uses Land Land Uses Vacant Land Uses Vacant Residential 872.28 82.80% 9.67% 870.60 82.85% 9.54% 854.45 85.00% 8.36% Vacant 178.65 16.96% 1.98% 177.65 16.91% 1.95% 146.39 14.56% 1.43% Commercial Vacant Industrial 2.53 0.24% 0.03% 2.53 0.24% 0.03% 4.34 0.43% 0.04% Total Vacant Land 1,053.46 100.00% 11.68% 1,050.78 100.00% 11.51% 1,005.18 100.00% 9.83% TABLE 8 – SOURCE: 2007 AND 2010 CITY OF PUNTA GORDA& CHARLOTTE COUNTY GIS 25 In addition to vacant lands, there are various generalized existing land uses in the City: Residential Commercial Industrial Education Public buildings & grounds Institutional The locations of these categories within the City are identified on Map 5. All data is based on information compiled by the City of Punta Gorda from the Charlotte County Property Appraiser data from August 2007 and October 2010. Table 9 illustrates the number of acres associated with each of the various generalized Existing Land Use Categories. The analysis of the 2010 data revealed inconsistencies in the 2007 data which lead to the revised 2007 data. The revisions were confined to the generalized land use types of residential, vacant, and right of way lands. The changes to the 2007 data included reductions in the number of acres of residential and vacant lands, which were offset by an increase in the number of acres of right of ways. MAP 5 – EXISTING LAND USE MAP 2007 vs 2010 Existing Land Use 2007 Revised 2007* 2010 Change in Existing Land Land Use Acres % of Total Acres % of Total Acres % of Total Acres % of Total L dU L dU L dU L dU Residential 2,246.96 24.9211% 2,163.43 23.7146% 2,175.18 21.2782% 11.75 0.1149% Commercial 325.83 3.6138% 325.83 3.5716% 327.34 3.2021% 1.51 0.0147% Industrial 55.60 0.6167% 55.60 0.6095% 56.26 0.5504% 0.66 0.0065% Agricultural 0.00 0.0000% 0.00 0.0000% 0.00 0.0000% 0.00 0.0000% Recreational 434.74 4.8217% 434.74 4.7654% 434.74 4.2527% 0.00 0.0000% Conservation 3,924.36 43.5252% 3,924.36 43.0171% 5,027.92 49.1845% 1,103.56 10.7953% Educational 96.61 1.0715% 96.61 1.0590% 121.86 1.1921% 25.25 0.2470% Public Buildings & 78.05 0.8656% 78.05 0.8555% 78.05 0.7635% 0.00 0.0000% G d Institutional 88.86 0.9855% 88.86 0.9740% 91.50 0.8951% 2.64 0.0258% Vacant Land 1,053.46 11.6840% 1,050.78 11.5181% 1,005.18 9.8330% -45.59 -0.4460% Right of Ways Land 711.82 7.8948% 904.54 9.9152% 904.54 8.8485% 0.00 0.0000% Right of Ways Water** 6,297.81 6,297.81 10,265.6 3,967.84 5 Historic Resources*** 99.21 99.21 99.21 0.00 Total Land Uses 9,016.29 100.00% 9,122.79 100.00% 10,222.5 100.00% 1,099.77 10.7583% TABLE 9 – SOURCE: 2007 & 2010 CITY OF PUNTA GORDA & CHARLOTTE COUNTY GIS; *ANALYSIS OF THE 2010 DATA REVEALED INCONSISTENCIES IN THE 2007 DATA WHICH LEAD TO THE REVISED 2007 DATA; **RIGHT OF WAYS WATER INCLUDES ALL NAVIGABLE WATER BODIES USED FOR TRANSPORTATION PURPOSES AND ARE NOT ADDED INTO THE TOTALS FOR LAND AREAS; ***HISTORIC RESOURCES ARE INDIVIDUALLY ASSIGNED TO ANOTHER GENERALIZED LAND USE CATEGORY AND ARE NOT ADDED INTO THE TOTALS FOR LAND AREA 27 Location of Development [163.3191(2)(d)] Since the City’s EAR based amendments were adopted in November, 2004, there have only been four (4) Future Land Use Map (FLUM) amendments approved for parcels larger than 10 acres in size. An additional 10 small scale map amendments have resulted from annexations during this time period. These map amendments are detailed in Table 10. Map 6 identifies the Future Land Use Map Amendments by year. No land use amendments were adopted in 2010. MAP 6 – FLU AMENDMENT MAP Future Land Use Map Amendments 2004-2010 Land Area Square Miles City Case # Effective Date Ordinance Number (Acres +/-) (+/-) CP-01-04 6/2/2004 1377-04 7.1 0.011093 CP-02-04 6/2/2004 1376-04 10 0.015625 CP-03-04 12/012004 1397-04 0.8 0.00125 CP-01-06 4/5/2006 1434-06 0.414 0.000646 CP-01-07 7/11/2007 1496-07 13.37 0.02089 CP-02-07 9/17/2008 1565-08 33.38 0.052156 CP-04-07 11/7/2007 1511-07 0.79 0.001234 CP-05-07 1/2/2008 1529-08 1.3 0.002031 CP-06-07 3/5/2008 1542-08 0.61 0.000953 CP-07-07 12/5/2007 1525-07 4.94 0.007718 CP-01-08 6/4/2008 1550-08 3.3 0.005156 CP-02-08 9/17/2008 1566-08 16.47 0.025734 CP-06-08 11/5/2008 1569-08 3.86 0.006031 CP-09-08 6/3/2009 1593-09 29.77 0.046515 CP-01-09 6/3/2009 1594-09 1,240 1.9375 CP-02-09 6/3/2009 1597-09 0.56 0.000875 TABLE 10 – SOURCE: CITY OF PUNTA GORDA URBAN DESIGN 29 Vacant and Developable Land [163.3191(2)(b)] Vacant and developable lands represent less than ten percent (10%) of the land area of the City of Punta Gorda. The City contains large undeveloped areas; however, the vast majority of this area is owned by State, County, City, or otherwise protected for conservation purposes. These conservation lands represent a little more than fifty percent (50%) of the total land area of the City. An additional (8.8%) of the total land is devoted to right of ways leaving approximately forty-one percent (41%) of the total land area of the City developed. Of the developed lands in the City especially within the Community Redevelopment Area there is great potential for redevelopment as the current building stock does not generally encompass the full buildable envelop of individual sites. The City expects to see continued redevelopment in gray-field or otherwise occupied sites within the CRA and adjacent mixed-use commercial Future Land Use Categories. Table 11 illustrates the current extent of vacant lands broken down by type, residential, commercial, and industrial. Please note that all Commercial and Industrial lands have residential potential based on mixed-use development configurations. Map 7 identifies the location of existing vacant residential, commercial and industrial lands. MAP 7 – VACANT LAND USE MAP Vacant Lands by Type 43% 2010 Percentage of 85% Vacant Land Types Acres Percentage of Total Land Vacant Land Uses Vacant Residential 854.45 85.00% 8.36% 15% Vacant Commercial 146.39 14.56% 1.43% Vacant Industrial 4.34 0.43% 0.04% Residential Commercial Industrial Total Vacant Land 1,005.18 100.00% 9.83% TABLE 11 - SOURCE: 2010 CITY PUNTA GORDA & CHARLOTTE COUNTY GIS Provision of Infrastructure and Maintenance of Level-of-Service Standards [163.3191(2)(c)] The City of Punta Gorda has sought to fund all needed capital projects during the planning period through a combination of ad valorem tax revenues, non-ad valorem tax revenues such as franchise fees, utility taxes, gas taxes, impact fees and tax increment financing. In addition, the City has benefitted greatly from federal and state grant programs following the direct hit of Hurricane Charley in 2004. The City has a good credit rating, unused debt capacity, and adequate debt coverage. The most significant challenge facing the City is a decline and/or stagnation in both ad valorem and non-ad valorem tax revenues due to housing foreclosure crisis and the overall economy. The Capital Improvements Program (CIP) and annual budget process provide the means through which the City of Punta Gorda takes a planned and programmed approach to using its financial resources in the most responsive and efficient manner to meet its level of service and facility needs. Capital projects are budgeted to account for funds that may carry over from one fiscal year to the next for a defined purpose such as funding a specific capital project or a grant. Once funds are committed to a capital project, those funds typically remain 31 with that project until either all funds are expended or until a budget change is approved by the City Council. The CIP provides for acquisition, construction, reconstruction, equipment and fixtures, renovation, rehabilitation, or replacement of facilities and any related cost for land acquisition, land improvements, design, feasibility studies and engineering. It may include projects which are or will become the property of the City, as well as projects that although not owned by the City, will be part of a joint project agreement with other governmental agencies and/or private enterprise. Development of the CIP requires analysis of needed capital projects with projected revenues to determine if sufficient funds will be available to pay for needed improvements in the year(s) that projects are scheduled. Only those projects that are funded or projected to be funded in a future year are included in the CIP. Therefore, the adopted CIP is, by definition, financially feasible. Currently, the City of Punta Gorda does not have any backlogged facilities and has been able to maintain its adopted levels of service. On a whole, the City of Punta Gorda has a financially feasible capital improvements program in place that has been able to provide its residents and property owners with adequate public services and facilities in a timely manner. Location of Existing Development in Relation to Location of Anticipated Development [163.3191(2)(d)] The City of Punta Gorda remains focused on implementing its vision as the economic and cultural hub of Charlotte County, grounded by a strong connection to its rich history and the beauty of the natural environment. The implementation of this vision is carried out through the Comprehensive Plan, the Community Redevelopment Area Redevelopment Plan, the Parks and Recreation Master Plan, and other planning documents. There are three basic strategies that the City is implementing to achieve its vision: Fostering redevelopment Encouraging infill development Pursuing annexations that maximize the value of existing infrastructure Also pursuant to [163.2517(6)(a) F.S.], the City continues to encourage redevelopment. Within the Community Redevelopment area major capital improvement projects from streetscapes and parking facilities to parks and community facilities are implemented to catalyze private sector investment by providing the foundation for lasting economic vitality. Table 12 list major capital improvements projects within the Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA). Projects within the Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) 2004-2011 Funding Completion Project Name Project Description Amount Date Wood Street Renovation Streetscape improvements- storm sewer, parallel parking and landscape $42,200 2004 A C Freeman House Move and restore historic AC Freeman House $275,000 2005 City Marketplace Purchase of ROW for Retta Esplanade and Marion Avenue $2,000,000 2005 Indian Statue Moved statue by renowned artist Peter Toth, saved from destruction $6,000 2005 Herald Court Alleyway improvements including parking and landscaping $102,800 2006 Bernice Russell CDC Public/private partnership development of business/residential space $75,000 2007 Mixed Used Project Government Center Design/construction of parking facility for City Hall Complex $544,700 2007 Expansion Racks 'n Plaques Placement of bicycle racks (parking) in public areas throughout the CRA $20,000 2007 History Park Construction of brick pathway and relocation of historic structure $193,000 2007 Charlotte County Renovation of the historic Charlotte County Courthouse, City contribution $357,000 2008 Courthouse Renovation $357,000 $5,000,000 Trabue Woods Public/private partnership to develop property with 8 units of attainable Community $360,000 2008 housing Development 33 Façade Improvements Matching grants for commercial & residential property façade improvements $494,800 2008 Nesbit Street Parking Public surface parking lot near the Punta Gorda Post Office $54,200 2008 Land Acquisition Acquisition of property within the CRA to complete the Downtown Plan $1,101,500 2008 Landscape Landscape improvements, sidewalk renovation and site furnishings along $238,400 2008 Improvements US 41N and US 41S within the CRA Laishley Park Marina Purchase of PG Harbor Project property for the construction of Laishley Park (Punta Gorda Harbor - 15 acres waterfront park with boat ramp, marina, pavilions, playground, $6,967,000 2008-2011 Project ) interactive fountain, and marina building Marion Avenue Sidewalk Construction of brick walks, landscape improvements along both Marion $464,800 2009 Improvements Avenue from Nesbit Street to US 41 SB Trabue Park Purchase of property for City Park $400,000 2009 US 41S Sidewalk Construction of brick sidewalks, landscape improvements US 41 SB from $200,000 2009 Improvements Carmalita St to Marion Ave Charlotte County Event Design/construction of conference & event center with Harborwalk County $1,200,000 2009 Center project, City contribution $1.2 million $19,649,798 Carmalita Road Improvement to Carmalita St from Cooper St to Taylor St, drainage & $455,000 2009 Improvements sidewalks Cooper Street Recreation 2,700+ SF addition to neighborhood recreation center $492,200 2009 Center Expansion East Virginia Parking Provide on-street parking $17,000 2009 Property purchase, design, and construction of urban park and public Hector House Plaza $493,500 2009 parking Downtown Flood Utility relocation, storm water system improvements within the CRA $3,200,000 2010 Mitigation Henry Street Joint project w/County to widen road in school area $105,100 2010 Improvements Hounds on Henry Construction of dog park $90,100 2010 Harborside Avenue Construct brick paver sidewalks/decorator lighting from Taylor to US 41N $40,000 2010 Beautification Mary Street Lighting Design & installation of decorative street lighting on Mary/Showalter Streets $22,000 2010 Project Park Improvements Impact fee funded park improvements $145,300 2010 On Street Public Parking On-street public parking improvements at various locations in the CRA $225,700 2010 Improvements Retta Esplanade Construction of Retta Esplanade from US 41 NB to US 41 SB $458,300 2010 Extension Installation of storm shutters or impact resistant glass on various properties Shutter Installation $164,000 2010 in the Historic District Streetscape improvements including parking and sidewalk on Taylor St from Taylor Street Parking $150,945 2010 Marion Ave to Harborside Drive Design & Construction of Linear Park as part of the City's "Ring-around- Linear Park $2,124,000 2011 the-City" Wayfinding System Wayfinding Signage System for pedestrians & vehicles $185,900 2011 Herald Court Center 400 space parking facility with 17,000 sq ft street level retail space $13,157,300 2011 Parking Garage ADA Improvements Remove barriers from City facilities to allow all citizens access $54,000 2011 35 Cooper Street Design and installation of a new playground at the Cooper Street Recreation $135,000 2011 Playground Center Olympia Avenue Design/Construction of sidewalk improvements along Olympia Avenue $100,000 2011 Improvements between US 41N/US41S 5 phase streetscape project from Ida Ave to Charlotte Harbor including off MLK $972,900 2011 site stormwater detention (includes Baker Academy Park) Mooring Fields Construct a municipal mooring field for 42 vessels up to 50 feet long. $265,900 2011 Harborwalk Design/construction of waterfront trail system east of US 41 to City Limits $790,100 2011 Total Public Capital Investments Within The CRA $63,590,443 TABLE 12 – SOURCE: CITY OF PUNTTA GORDA URBAN DESIGN DIVISION In areas outside the CRA the City encourages infill development of scattered vacant residential and commercial sites. In order to do this with limited resources the City focuses on providing a predictable and comprehensive set of development rights, comprehensive set of high quality municipal services, and targeted capital improvements. Properties are appropriately entitled and development proceeds through staff level reviews without the necessity of legislative review incumbent in the Comprehensive Plan Map Change or Rezoning processes. After the development process is completed properties receive a full array of municipal services including fully accredited Police Services, professional Fire Protection, Sanitation, Parks, right of way and drainage maintenance, Code Compliance, and in our canal front communities Canal Maintenance (seawalls, signage, and channel dredging). Finally the City engages in capital improvements designed to enhance livability and improve existing infrastructure. Table 13 illustrates capital improvement projects outside the Community Redevelopment Area. Projects Outside the Community Redevelopment Agency (CRA) 2004-2011 Funding Completion Project Name Project Description Amount Date Firehouse #2 Replacement of Forestation #2 $1,617,900 2007 Tripoli Blvd. Sidewalk Repair and install sidewalks along Tripoli Boulevard $262,552 2008 West End Sidewalk Repair and install sidewalks along West End Drive $85,273 2008 Public Works & Utility Replacement of the facility destroyed by Hurricane Charlie $4,538,600 2009 Campus Design and construction of a 175 thousand square feet new middle school Punta Gorda Middle $32,640,885 2008 which was destroyed by Hurricane Charley City Beautification Miscellaneous landscape projects within the City $1,660,300 2010 Drainage Improvement Drainage improvements – San Rocco Drive $69,600 2010 Forestry Improvements Tree Plantings and digital inventory $231,500 2010 Shreve/Pompano Joint City/County project to add turn lanes and sidewalks $486,500 2010 Improvements Design and construction of the entire Charlotte High Campus which Charlotte High School included the renovation of the original 3 story historic classroom building $84,430,476 2010 (not yet finalized) that were severely damaged by Hurricane Charley in 2004 Bridge and roadway reconstruction including improved stormwater and $122,400 Aqui Esta Improvements 2011 sidewalks, City Contribution $122,400 $6,851,700 Multi Use Recreational Design/Construction of multi-use recreational trail (4 phases) $1,808,800 2011 Trail (MURT) Total Public Capital Improvement Outside the CRA $134,806,486 TABLE 13 – SOURCE: CITY OF PUNTA GORDA URBAN DESIGN DIVISION 37 Assessment of Successes and Shortcomings Related to Each Element [163.3191(2)(h)] F.S. 163.3191(2)(h) requires “a brief assessment of successes and shortcomings related to each element of the plan.” This section explores each element of the City’s Comprehensive Plan and identifies whether or not the goals of each element have been attained. Information was obtained from various City department staff and compiled by staff of the Urban Design Division. Future Land Use The Future Land Use Element defines the logical pattern of development for the City including the protection of important historical, environmental, and neighborhood resources and seeks to provide the framework for a compact and contiguous pattern of development. It is through the Future Land Use Element and the Future Land Use Map that the City's growth management strategy is fully implemented. It is essential that the uses prescribed by the Future Land Use Map be consistent with sound urban development policies which promote compatibility between development activities. The Future Land Use Element provides the foundation for all other Elements of the Comprehensive Plan to create a cohesive and precise vision of the future of the community. Successes Since Hurricane Charley, a category 4 storm which destroyed or significantly damaged a large percentage of the structures within the City, the City of Punta Gorda experienced tremendous development and redevelopment activity. This activity was focused in the Community Redevelopment Area and other adjacent infill locations. While the storm acted as a catalyst for this development activity, type and location of redevelopment and infill development was clearly envisioned by various planning efforts over the preceding 15 years since the formation of the Community Redevelopment Area in 1990. The integration of mixed use provisions into all commercial and industrial Future Land Use categories provided an additional spark for continued redevelopment interest in the established areas of the City. Furthermore the establishment of commercial intensity standards in combination with new Land Development Regulations, more clearly defined the scale and type of development envisioned by the community. The major visioning documents of the City have detailed various public sector investments in parks, streetscapes, and other amenities that the City has worked tirelessly to implement. These investments have provided the private sector investment community with tangible evidence of the City’s commitment to infill and redevelopment. The City’s vision demands a strong traditional downtown that serves as the economic and cultural hub of the City and the County. This hub focus serves to protect existing residential, environmental and rural lands from encroachment by uncontrolled suburban sprawl. Furthermore maintaining a smaller “footprint” for development the City is more able to efficiently and economically deliver public goods to citizens and businesses. The Sunloft Center Mixed use development received a significant boost in the City since Hurricane A vertically integrated “Mixed-Use” building Charley through the provisions of new Land Development Regulations. A number in the heart of downtown Punta Gorda of redevelopment and infill projects brought the first new vertically mixed-use structures to the City since WWII. These mixed-use developments will help to re- establish a residential presence in the business district as a key to creating a vibrant downtown. The City in its last Comprehensive Plan update in 2008, defined commercial intensity allowances within the Future Land Use Element which more clearly establish the parameters for commercial development. Floor to area ratios (FAR) that are more urban in scale recommend the type and pattern of development that the citizens envision. The relatively large FARs allows the development community to provide the appropriate scale for development based on market parameters not arbitrary regulatory limits. The City’s Land Development Regulations define the 39 permissible envelope for such development ensuring that no matter how much commercial intensity is added to a site it is in scale with the City and in keeping with its vision. The success of the City of Punta Gorda since Hurricane Charley has been recognized by the citizens to the point that they through the grassroots TEAM Punta Gorda organization have requested action from the County. The County in concert with the City and TEAM Punta Gorda in 2010 kicked off the South County Gateway Planning Project. This joint initiative was designed to generate publicly driven vision for the unincorporated portions of South Charlotte County adjacent to the City. These public visioning sessions are expected to generate recommendations for modifications to the County Land Development Regulations to assist in achieving this vision. Challenges As the economy slowly turns toward recovery, the primary challenge facing the City will be the continuation of the successes of the recent past. Maintain focus on infill and redevelopment The City will face tremendous pressure from large scale greenfield development that is likely to accompany any economic recovery. Large areas of vacant land are immediately adjacent to the current City Limits and within the Utilities Services Area. The challenge for the City is to ensure that when development occurs within these areas, it does not draw development away from the core BAL HARBOR PLAZA: POTENTIAL INFILL DEVELOPMENT redevelopment and infill areas of the City. Furthermore any development within SCENARIO OF A STRIP SHOPPING CENTER these greenfield areas should be on a scale and pattern consistent with the established vision for the City. Annex areas to create a more cohesive economic and social unit The City of Punta Gorda has a fragmented eastern boundary that confuses the general public and development community and increases City and County costs for the provision of public services. Annexations that serve to “smooth” this boundary and further the vision of the City will be pursued. The primary challenge will be balancing the short-term costs associated with annexation with the long-term cost avoidances associated with more contiguous municipal boundaries. A long term assessment of proposed annexations is essential as short term inefficiencies may be increased due to the timing, location, and configuration of annexations. As long as annexations are consistent with the long term vision outlined in the Comprehensive Plan, these annexations will be aggressively pursued. Establishing greater residential densities more consistent with the development of a less auto-centric City The successful implementation of an Alternative Transportation Concurrency strategy will require a pattern of development that is less auto-centric. A less auto-centric pattern of development will require walkable streets, comfortable bikeways, and transit services. This less auto oriented transportation network implies a pattern of development that is more integrated and interconnected, smaller blocks, few cul-de-sacs, and more mixed-use development. In order to make walkable streets and transit economically feasible, commercial will need to be built at greater intensities accompanied by higher residential densities. Currently the City has commercial and industrial intensities that are more urban in scale than the surrounding unincorporated County and more in-line with our regionally neighboring Cities of Fort Myers, Naples, and Sarasota. However, our residential densities are more aligned with the unincorporated County. Commercial GULF BREEZE APARTMENTS: NEW RESIDENTIAL DEVELOPMENT SET ON A TRADITIONAL STREET GRID development is dependent on residential development therefore aligning residential 41 densities to make them more supportive of maximum intensity levels is vital to providing an economical viable Punta Gorda. Creation of strategies for preserving and enhancing local food production Another challenge facing the City is the loss of rural and agriculturally productive lands. Across the State agricultural and rural lands have been under intense pressure from suburban sprawl and international competition. Fallow field and abandoned citrus groves are found throughout Southwest Florida including areas immediately outside the current City Limits. These areas represent a tremendous opportunity to reduce our regional greenhouse gas emissions by balancing the local economy with agricultural jobs by incentivizing local food production. Once upon a time in Florida citrus and truck farms supplied the coastal population centers with all the fresh produce while cattle and poultry supplemented seafood as the primary protein source for the population. The land for agriculture is largely intact in South Charlotte County. Unlike our regional neighbors this land has not as yet been planted with the final crop of tract homes and strip malls. These lands therefore represent an economic opportunity in the long term for a regionally significant local food production reserve area in South Charlotte County. The challenge is to find ways to discourage suburban sprawl in the short term and provide viable incentives for the productive use of these lands. Recommended Actions It would be easy to rest upon the laurels of recent successes the City has achieved since Hurricane Charley; however that is not in the spirit of Punta Gorda. The City stands prepared to face challenges on the horizon, forging these challenges into opportunities to further the citizens’ vision of their community. Punta Gorda has the foundation in place for the economic recovery ahead. Maintaining focus on redevelopment and infill, increasing long term economic viability through annexations, better integrating land use and transportation planning, and keeping the options open for local food production are critical to building on the foundation established in order to create the City the citizens desire. Study the optimal residential density to commercial intensity mix, residential/commercial proximity to ensure that Future Land Use is consistent with Alternative Transportation Concurrency strategy. Identify changes necessary to decrease Greenhouse Gas Emissions Identify potential local food production areas within the City and the established Annexation Study Areas Develop a Future Land Use Category for agricultural uses. Examine existing Future Land Use Categories to ensure that community gardens and other innovative food production typologies are allowable. These actions will require substantial data and analysis. This data and analysis will recommend any necessary policy changes to the City of Punta Gorda Comprehensive Plan. Conservation & Coastal Management The purpose of the Conservation and Coastal Management Element is to plan, promote and manage the conservation and protection of the City’s natural resources. It is important for the City to plan for development activities in areas that would mitigate or otherwise lessen the disturbance of upland or coastal resources. The current element addresses measures to protect human life and limit public expenditures in areas that are subject to destruction by natural disaster. Successes The City of Punta Gorda has significant land areas in preservation which are identified on Map 8. City, County and State owned environmentally protected lands account for over 46 percent of the total land area of the City. The City has continued to work along with its partners at the County and State level, to realize additional preservation opportunities, and continues to develop alternative measures for managing our coastal resources. One such strategy was the successful annexation of 1,240 acres of state owned environmentally sensitive lands into the City’s boundary under Preservation and Recreation and Future Land Use Designation. This annexation clarifies the City’s southwestern border. Although no development is proposed at this time, the types of facilities that will be considered future development are consistent with the land use designation. 43 The City also realizes the importance of linkage zones, areas between existing preservation areas, and the need to identify and retain these natural areas as reserves during the design of large projects such as Developments of Regional Impact (DRI). The City is committed to participate in the State-wide effort to preserve those important areas necessary to complete wildlife linkages, habitat plans and conservation areas. The City moved forward with its commitment and annexation strategy by actively working with the FDEP to successfully annex the previously mentioned 1,240 acres of state lands. The successful implementation of Policy 184.108.40.206 provided the opportunity for the City to work with both the SWFRPC and the CHNEP in producing a Vulnerability Assessment and a Climate Adaptation Plan specific to the City of Punta Gorda. These plans provide the City with the most recent information relation to sea level rise and other climate adaptation strategies that need to be reviewed as the City continues to develop. With the City’s historic waterfront area in a flood prone area, the City pursued two strategies to mitigate for this condition. First, pursuant to a FEMA hazard mitigation grant, the City conducted a drainage study, which resulted in a comprehensive program for stormwater MAP 8 – PRESERVATION LAND USE MAP management within this area. Second, the City continues to purchase lands in the highest risk velocity zone areas, as designated by FEMA, in order to preserve those lands from development. The Community Redevelopment Area (CRA) continues to focus redevelopment efforts on projects which assist in rebuilding our public space. These efforts concentrate on maintaining our public waterfront and help to re-establish the critical mass of structures and economic activity within the historic downtown area and adjacent neighborhoods. The City of Punta Gorda continues to pursue grant funding which contributes to the renovation/construction of development, landscaping, reforestation and economic development of the City’s CRA. Challenges The current Conservation and Coastal Management Element has become cumbersome and non-user friendly due to the size and content. The combined goals, objectives and policies make it extremely difficult for users to understand. In reviewing the Florida Statutes which govern the Comprehensive Plan and the 9J-5 Florida Administrative Code which provides guidance for the individual elements, both address Conservation and Coastal Management separately. With the changes in the legislature on energy, conservation and transportation, staff will be able to focus more on the specific goals of the elements if conservation and coastal management are separate elements. Recommendations: The City will divide the existing Conservation and Coastal Element in two separate elements each emphasizing the data and analysis outlined in 9J-5. The separation of the element into two individual elements is described in detail under the Major Issue section of this document. The City will work with the County wherever possible to assist in the implementation of their wildlife corridors specifically within the Urban Service Area will review those connections/linkages and consider incentives for including greenway connections within the City’s boundaries. 45 The City will monitor the County’s progress towards maintaining natural buffers adjacent to waterways along the Peace River. The inclusion of this natural buffer may compliment some of the City’s strategies in reducing potential pollution impacts, i.e. fertilizer run-off, from urban development and landscaping. Although the City does not have a fertilizer ordinance in place at this time, it may be appropriate to revisit this issue during the EAR-based amendments. The City will continue to work along with its partners at the County and State level, to realize additional preservation opportunities, and continue to develop alternative measures for managing our coastal resources. The City needs to develop an action plan that will prepare the City of Punta Gorda for future climate change and will need to review and add policies regarding energy conservation. By utilizing these combined strategies, the City will promote a synergy between residents, visitors, developers and business owners that will focus on the natural environmental resources, such as Charlotte Harbor, as a key component in advancing and improving the City’s economic viability, unique historic character and small town charm. Infrastructure The purpose of the Infrastructure Element is to identify the facilities necessary to provide for public services correlated to future land use and population projections. The element is divided into three sections: potable water & sanitary sewer, solid waste, and stormwater management. There are no aquifer recharge areas within City limits, nor within the annexation study area; therefore, this component is not a part of the City’s Infrastructure Element. Successes The level of service standards adopted for all three infrastructure sections have been successfully met. The provision of potable water and sanitary sewer, improvements to stormwater design and removal capacity and the collection and disposal of solid waste and recyclables have met or exceeded the established LOS standards in the Comprehensive Plan. Potable water: The City’s Water Treatment plant treats and monitors 1.7 billion gallons of raw water on an annual basis and provides our residents and other customer’s high quality drinking water. The City continues to implement new techniques and upgrade equipment to improve water quality, provide sufficient capacity for growth, and to lower the cost, when possible. Recent efforts include: Replacement of the 45 year old Dam structure Development of groundwater supply coupled with a membrane treatment process to improve finished water quality and reliability Maintenance and implementation of a 20 year water supply master plan, updated in 2008, pursuant to the Southwest Florida Water Management District Wastewater: The City has completed two studies over the last few years. An extensive Inflow and Infiltration Study and a Wastewater Collection System Master Plan were both completed in 2008. Implementation of the recommendations of these studies is ongoing and programmed in a 10 year corrective action plan. Inflow & Infiltration reduces groundwater inflow into the wastewater system reducing wastewater plant demand and increasing viability of reuse water. The Wastewater Collection System Master Plan forecasts 5 & 20 year flows and provides hydraulic modeling analyses to determine future wastewater collection infrastructure requirements, documented existing conditions in the collection system and made recommendations to improve system efficiency. DOWNTOWN FLOODING PROJECT 47 Stormwater: The City has in place policies and other regulations that provide for a decrease to impervious surfaces; there are provisions with the Land Development Regulations that allow for limiting the number of parking spaces for commercial development through shared parking agreements, open space requirements, alternative surface options for excess parking, and landscape requirements. The construction of the Downtown Drainage Project was completed. The project required the retrofitting of several major outfalls in the downtown area with larger pipes to relieve flooding potential and the installation of Tideflex check valves to reduce occurrences and severity of tidal inundation. The Drainage Study, Engineering Design and Water Management Permitting for San Rocco Drainage Improvements were also completed. Also in a joint County, School Board and City Project, a master stormwater system was implemented in the Charlotte High and Punta Gorda Middle School Area. Drainage improvements for this project also included Education Avenue and Carmalita Street. Solid Waste: The City’s Solid Waste Program continues to provide for the needs of current and future populations of the City. Improvements to the curbside collection and disposal process services for solid waste; recyclables, yard waste, and ZEMEL ROAD LANDFILL, CHARLOTTE COUNTY hazardous waste continue to be implemented. The City continues to utilize the Zemel Road Landfill which is the only solid waste operational landfill in Charlotte County. Challenges Potable Water: One challenge identified with the Potable Water Section is conservation to reduce total water demand. Although the City meets the per capita water demand goal of the Southern Water Use Caution Area, additional conservation measures could likely further decrease potable water demand, thereby delaying the need for future capacity capital improvements. However, implementing additional conservation reduces revenue and typically requires rate increases, which tends to draw public opposition. An additional water source is needed to meet the water quality standards for total dissolved solids (TDS). Shell Creek experiences elevated levels of dissolved solids that exceed secondary drinking water standards in the dry season. The current treatment process at Shell Creek WTP does not remove TDS, which results in finished water that does not meet the secondary standard during some months of the year. Secondary standards are set for aesthetic water quality purposes only. A timetable for meeting the regulatory standard is under review with the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP). The City currently has a variance from FDEP to exceed the secondary TDS standard. Because the City’s existing surface water treatment plant has sufficient capacity to meet the City’s water demand needs until 2018, the City has applied for an exemption to the existing TDS variance. A timeline for a 5-year extension to the variance may be necessary if the groundwater treatment plant is required for water quality purposes prior to 2016. SHELL CREEK, PUNTA GRODA 49 Wastewater: All of the Utility Service Area inside the City limits is served by the public sewer system, and no properties utilize septic systems for wastewater treatment. However, septic systems are used extensively outside the City limits. Conversion of septic systems to a central sewer system is delayed due to lack of cost and public support. The cost to convert from septic to public sewer is prohibitive unless grant funds are available. Stormwater: One major challenge for the Stormwater Section is the City’s low elevation and the ongoing sea level rise issues. How the City prepares for this will have influence on infrastructure placement or replacement and stormwater improvements. Solid waste: No challenges are identified during this planning period because the majority of these facilities were constructed and upgraded in the last ten years. Therefore no major capital expenditures are anticipated in the next planning decade and projections indicate that the landfill has sufficient capacity, through 2023. Other capacity is available through 2027 with the expansion of cell structures into additional permitted acreage surrounding acreage. Recommended Actions While the City, like most other municipalities in the State, is facing tax revenue shortfalls that could delay the implementation of projects or modify the scale or scope of proposed projects, the City continues to move forward on numerous projects. However, the City will continue to evaluate the population projections, development trends, and internal needs analysis to determine the future project needs. Evaluation of recommendations will be incorporated within the Capital Improvements Program as plans for new facilities become necessary. The City will continue to review proposed projects carefully, seek alternative funding sources, enhance existing public-private partnerships, and community group relationships to ensure that community needs are being met. The City will implement projects identified in the City’s Water Supply Plan. The City will update its Water Supply Plan within 18 months of the latest approval of the Districts’ regional plans. Housing The Housing Element of the City of Punta Gorda’s Comprehensive Plan will act as the guide to local decision makers in their efforts to enact policy that will affect the housing needs of the City’s residents. The Element examines existing household characteristics and existing housing quality to determine current (short-term) needs while population projections and housing trends will be considered when determining future (long-term) needs. Successes The City of Punta Gorda has been successful in the housing arena by providing for adequate land use categories that promote a functional mix of housing types, densities and levels of affordability. The City has maintained close relationships with public and private housing providers through the current housing market downturn to ensure that current codes and policies are in place if or when the housing market returns. The City also provides public outreach to the community regarding affordable housing via its webpage. ( www.ci.punta- gorda.fl.us) Housing policies and City Code regulations advocating for and/or promoting affordable housing have been placed into an easy to read matrix. Examples include land development regulations which provide for multiple housing types and lot size options, density incentives, promotion of infill development, accessory dwellings, and other similarly housing creation supportive policies or regulations. 51 Challenges Until the 2010 Census data is made available, the City is relying on long range, extrapolated demographic information to measure and assess housing adequacies as they relate to the 2025 Comprehensive Plan. This lack of recent data hinders planning efforts to reliably focus on those housing concerns (i.e. affordable housing needs, aging in place needs, etc) for those in the most need of help. In addition, the housing downturn affecting all municipalities in the State especially those in the retiree/visitor dependent Southwest Florida Region, TRABUE WOODS HOUSING COMPLEX: has hampered if not totally shutdown providers of housing such as developers INFILL AFFORDABLE HOUSING DEVELOPMENT and general contractors. Recommended Actions With the state of the overall economy improving marginally, housing supply is at the mercy of the market. It is recommended that the City act on the following: Monitor data updates as they become available from the Census Bureau. Review “Aging in Place” best practices and compare existing Comprehensive Plan policies and current City Land Development Regulations to determine if changes are advised. Continue working closely with all housing providers to ensure that the City is in position to move forward once housing market conditions GULF BREEZE APARTMENTS: improve. AFFORDABLE HOUSING PROJECT BY THE PUNTA GORDA HOUSING AUTHORITY Recreation & Open Spaces The Recreation and Open Space Element provides a process for determining the recreation and open space needs of the community based on analysis of existing recreational facilities servicing the community and establishing goals, policies and objectives to meet future community demands. Successes The City with strong public input and overwhelming community support completed its Parks & Recreation Master Plan in 2009. This plan details short, mid, and long term strategies to implement a variety of projects. These projects are designed to fulfill the citizens’ vision of “Advancing the quality of life through the creation of a comprehensive interconnected and sustainable Park System that promotes the unique character and environment of Punta Gorda”. A key feature of this plan is the “Ring Around the City" Project. This project, a series of multi-use recreational trails and complete streets, will provide access for all residents to the Park System, Points of Interest, and commercial destination areas within the City. The City has developed strong partnerships with a wide variety of community groups, TEAM Punta Gorda, Punta Gorda Chamber of Commerce, Downtown Merchants Association, Main Street Punta Gorda, School Board of Charlotte County, Charlotte County Chambers of Commerce, Punta Gorda Historical Society, Charlotte County Historical Societies, Arts and Humanities Council of Charlotte County, Punta Gorda Historic Mural Society, Neighborhood and Property Owner’s Associations, South Charlotte County Coalition, Punta Gorda Boater’s Alliance, and Public Safety oriented groups including Community Emergency Response Teams, Volunteers in Fire Service, and Neighborhood Watch Marine Patrol. The organizational skills, diversity of community members, and wide spectrum of public support represented by these groups has enabled the City to complete projects that may not otherwise been completed. Table 14 identifies a list of these projects. 53 Results Through Collaboration Project List Project Project Description Partners TEAM Punta Gorda, Downtown Merchants Association , A workshop/retail platform for artists and Arts & Humanities Council, Visual Arts Center, Main Artisans Atelier craftspeople located in the Herald Court Street Punta Gorda, Charlotte Community Foundation, Centre (City Parking Garage/Retail Space) Private Sector Refurbishing of a small urban park with new City of Punta Gorda, TEAM Punta Gorda, Punta Gorda Herald Court Park plants, mulch, and maintenance of site Chamber of Commerce furniture. City of Punta Gorda, Florida Department of Downtown Streetscaping New plantings on various downtown streets Transportation, TEAM Punta Gorda, Main Street Punta Gorda Development of a critical link in the Private Sector, City of Punta Gorda/Community Four Points by Sheraton Harborwalk Redevelopment Agency, TEAM Punta Gorda Redevelopment of an existing alley that Wyvern Hotel & Dean’s facilitated the development of the Wyvern Private Sector, City of Punta Gorda/Community Alleyway Hotel and redevelopment of Dean’s South of Redevelopment Agency the Border Historic House Renovation Renovation of a historic home Private Sector, Community Redevelopment Agency Development of a City park on School Board Baker Park of Charlotte County property which will be City of Punta Gorda, School Board of Charlotte County maintained by the School Board Cooper Street Recreation & New Operation Cooper Street, City of Punta Gorda, Renovations to the facility Education Center Federal/State, Charlotte County Provides a variety of art classes for the Visual Arts Center Charlotte County Art Guild, City of Punta Gorda residents of the City and County City of Punta Gorda/Community Redevelopment Waterfront Events Park with marina & private Laishley Park Agency, Charlotte County, TEAM Punta Gorda, Privet restaurant & rental development Sponsor, Marina Park, LLC and Smuggler’s Enterprise Developer funded park improvement in Pittman Park Private Sector, City of Punta Gorda undeveloped City right-of-way City owned facility operated by local non- City of Punta Gorda, YMCA, Community Sailing Center, Bayfront Center profits providing various recreation & social Peace River Power Squadron programs Development of a critical linkage to the Ring City of Punta Gorda, Advisory Boards & Committees, Harborwalk Around the City Project Community Groups, Private Sector Linear Park/Multi Use Development of a critical link in the City of Punta Gorda, Federal/State Recreational Trail Harborwalk Prepared by City Staff, TEAM PG and volunteers Working with TEAM PG, the City produced this Parks & Recreation Master through a series of planning charrettes with the plan in-house avoiding $30,000+ cost to Plan Community at large. Incorporated into taxpayers Comprehensive Plan 1st bicycle loaner program operating in the TEAM Punta Gorda, Private Sector, City of Punta Gorda, Bike Loaner Program State of Florida Charlotte Harbor National Estuary Program TABLE 14 - SOURCE: CITY OF PUNTA GORDA URBAN DESIGN DIVISION 55 Challenges At this time, the most pressing challenge is the funding of projects outlined in the Parks and Recreation Master Plan. The City is actively pursuing Federal Transportation funds for various segments of the Ring Around the City. Additionally, the City has identified General Fund and/or Optional Infrastructure Sales Sur-Tax revenues to complete some segments of the Ring Around the City. However, with shrinking tax revenues and current uncertainty regarding Federal Transportation funding the following projects listed on Table 15 may not be financially feasible in the timeframes outlined in the Parks and Recreation Master Plan: Parks & Recreation Master Plan Projects Short Range Potential Project Year Projected Project Name Description of Project Location Responsibility Funding for Cost Sources Completion Design & Contract the Patty Contractual Trabue Park Avenue trail from Cooper St. to Public Works TBD Services Laishley Park Fishing Pier. Proposed project to include boat storage for non-motorized boats (sailboats, kayaks, canoes) Waterfront Sports Public Works & and a launching facility. Staff is TBD TBD TBD 2010 Activity Park Urban Design to gather preliminary needs analysis and report back to Council. Implement provision of police patrol on paths, trails and other Park Safety hard to access areas through City Wide Police Department TBD by Police TBD 2010 Equipment the purchase of a T-3 electric 3 wheel vehicle. Detailed needs analysis to Urban Design, Parks & Grounds determine level of service and Facilities Maintenance staffing requirements for City Wide $10,000 Grant Funding 2010 Maintenance, & Standards maintaining the City’s Park Parks and Ground System. Review and revise the Nature Nature Park Park Management Plan to allow Nature City Staff Urban Design N/A 2010 Management Plan for greater diversity of Park Time recreational activities Improvements to Laishley Park Laishley Laishley Parking to include grading, drainage & Park Public Works $50,000 FSIF 2011 Improvements turf improvements to the Center Drive Circle Gazebo improvements at Marriage Point Laishley Urban Design Marriage Point including site re- $100,000 FSIF 2013 Hardscape Park Public Works design Rework the main Event Lawn, to City of Punta Gorda Laishley Laishley Park include regarding, drainage, Urban Design $500,000 TBD 2014 Park irrigation & turf management Public Works 57 West side of Creating of a mooring field and US 41 Urban Design, West Mooring public access boardwalk Bridge – Public Works with Private/Public $200,000 2012 Field assisting in establishing Punta Peace River Partnership with Partnership Gorda as a boaters destination @ best the Best Western Western City of Punta Gorda Required per Florida Statute as Comprehensive evaluated through the $ 25,000 - Annual Plan, 2025 - City Wide Urban Design 2011 Evaluation and Appraisal Report 30,000 Budget Recreation & Process. Open Space Element Update Business Urban Design, Sponsorships Monthly Movies on the Laishley Public Works & Movies in the Park TBD & CRA Ongoing Laishley Park Event Lawn Park Partnership Operating Opportunity Revenue Public Private Urban Design Weekly yoga classes on the Laishley Partnership Yoga in the Park Private Partnership TBD Ongoing Laishley Park Event Lawn Park Business Opportunity Partnership Intermediate Range Intersection Taylor & Enhancements To enhance pedestrian safety & Herald Urban Design ISS Funding & (Taylor & Herald $100,000 2014 access Maude & Public Works Grant Funding Ct. /Maude & Marion Marion) To enhance street parking, W. Retta sidewalks, & lighting and increase Retta Esplanade Esplanade Urban Design open space in Gilchrist Park along $200,000 ISS Funding 2014 Improvements from Harvey Public Works the north side of W. Retta to Berry. Esplanade Intersection Retta & Enhancements To enhance pedestrian safety & Taylor Urban Design ISS Funding & $200,000 2014 (Retta & Taylor/ access Olympia & Public Works Grant Funding Olympia & Maude) Maude Historic Update the existing tree inventory Urban Design Tree Inventory Overlay TBD Grant Funding 2014 to include Historic Overlay District & Public Works District Parks & Review and update the Parks & Recreation Master City Wide Urban Design TBD TBD 2014 Recreation Master Plan Plan Community garden, small pavilion, Colony Point Urban Design Colony Point Drive $75,000 Impact fees 2015 on street parking Drive & Public Works 59 Restrooms, bus loop, parking, State & Local Nature Park Nature Urban Design educational pavilion, and paddle $500,000 Funds/ CHNEP 2016 Improvements Park & Public Works craft launch SWFWMD US 17 S / Marion Ave streetscape, State pavilions, restrooms, play area, Adrienne to Urban Design Recreational Trabue Park $1,500,000 2017 environmental mitigation, Mary & Public Works Grants/ FDOT observation pier CDBG Long Range Update and assess tree inventory to Miscellaneous Urban Tree Inventory include streets & neighborhoods City Right-of- Design/Parks TBD Grant Funding 2019 not included in the 2009 inventory Way & Grounds Bicycle/pedestrian improvements, Royal Royal Poinciana Urban Design street trees, overhead utilities, Poinciana US Avenue & Public $600,000 TBD 2019 drainage modifications – connects 41 to Burnt Improvements Works US 41 MURT to Burnt Store Road Store Road Burnt Store Neighborhood meetings and Urban Design Meadow (BSM) concept design, construction and BSM & Public $180,000 TBD 2019 Neighborhood permitting documents for Works Park neighborhood park Parks & Review and update the Parks & Recreation Master City Wide Urban Design TBD TBD 2020 Recreation Master Plan Plan Burnt Store Construction of Playground area, Urban Design Meadow (BSM) picnic pavilion, parking and other BSM & Public $600,000 TBD 2020 Neighborhood improvements Works Park Bicycle/pedestrian improvements, Urban Design Monaco to Madrid street trees, overhead utilities, BSI & Public $600,000 TBD 2021 Improvements drainage modifications Works Bicycle/pedestrian improvements, Urban Design Bal Harbor Avenue PGI– Marion to street trees, overhead utilities, & Public $600,000 TBD 2022 Improvements Deborah drainage modifications Works Gilchrist Urban Design Concept design, construction & Gilchrist Park Park/Bayfront & Public $100,000 TBD 2022 permitting design documents Center Works Construction of community Old Boat Club Urban Design Bayfront Redesign facilities, parking & site / Bayfront & Public $2,500,000 TBD 2025 & Construction improvements Center Site Works “Summer Houses” gazebo in style of original pavilions associated Urban Design Park Beach Circle Park Beach with the Punta Gorda Hotel, on & Public $500,000 TBD 2025 Park Circle Park street parking, landscape Works improvements As transit becomes available a Urban Alternative study to provide access of Design, Transportation City Wide TBD MPO TBD surrounding communities to the Public Works Study Park System & MPO TABLE 15 – SOURCE: CITY OF PUNTA GORDA PARKS & RECREATION MASTER PLAN 61 RECOMMENDED ACTIONS Although economic and budgetary conditions challenge the City on completion of projects, the City will continue to seek funding from appropriate grant opportunities and will continue to utilize assistance from its relationships with a wide array of community groups. Continue to monitor and update the Short, Mid, and Long Term Projects detailed in the Parks and Recreation Master Plan. Explore additional grant and other non-traditional funding opportunities in order to complete the project list. Build on the strength of its public private partnerships and relationships with community groups in order to design, construct and maintain the City’s extensive park system. Community Facilities The purpose of the Community Facilities and Services Element is to identify the locations and arrangements of civic and community centers, public schools, hospitals, libraries, police and fire stations and other public facilities. This element identifies not only the City facilities but also other facilities and services available to the community. The City owns and maintains a variety of facilities ranging from government administration buildings, public utilities, to roads and drainage systems. The Map 9 shows the locations of the City’s administration buildings and the public works facilities. Successes The City Public Works and Utilities facility was damaged in 2004 when the City took a direct hit from Hurricane Charley forcing employees to be relocated to the City’s Bayfront Center facility. In reviewing the growing needs of the City and considering the surrounding residential and historic development, the 1997 Comprehensive Plan considered moving City Public Works and Utilities campus to another area of the City more suitable for this type of office/industrial facility. The 2025 Comprehensive Plan outlined plans to reorganize the City Departments to increase efficiencies, realize economies of scale, and relocate personnel and equipment to a new facility. The City completed the plan in 2009 when the new Public Works and Utilities Campus on Cooper Street Extension opened for business. The successful completion of the project enabled all six (6) Divisions that make up the Public Works Department, four (4) Divisions of the Utilities Department, and the Central Warehouse, a Division of the Finance Department, to be housed in one location in warehouse office space with a purpose built service/equipment storage yard immediately adjacent to the current City Limits. The new location including the service yard is at a slightly higher elevation above sea level than the previous location. Challenges NEW PUBLIC WORKS / UTILITY CAMPUS The City, like most other municipalities in the State, is facing tax revenue shortfalls that will delay the implementation of projects or modify the scale or scope of these proposed projects. Therefore, it will be imperative to review projects carefully, seek alternative funding sources, and enhance existing public-private partnerships and community group relationships to ensure that community needs are being met. An additional challenge faced by the City is the site selection process. Given the limited extent of available vacant land in the City and its coastal location, facility sitting must be carefully considered. Most of the City’s population as well as its commercial centers lie within the Category Two (2) Storm Surge or less vulnerability zones. Siting of any facility outside of these areas, while maintaining close proximity to existing facilities and citizens and businesses that require public services, is extremely difficult. In siting public facilities, the City implements sound compact and contiguous urban development techniques. Through the implementation of the land development regulations, the City promotes a coherent built environment which respects local 63 historical and regional architecture, an integrated and balanced transportation system, adequate provision of public utilities, schools, parks, and other public infrastructure in concert with a strong desire to preserve the natural environment. Recommended Actions The City currently has no major facility needs at this time. However, the City will continue to evaluate the population projections, development trends, and internal needs analysis to determine the future facility needs. Evaluation recommendations will be incorporated within the Capital Improvements Program as plans for new facilities become necessary. The City will continue to review proposed projects carefully, seek alternative funding sources, and enhance existing public private partnerships, and community group relationships to ensure that community needs are being met. MAP 9 – ADMINISTRATIVE FACILITIES MAP Transportation The purpose of the Transportation Element is to develop a multimodal system built around an expanded and developed street network which will provide pedestrian/bicycle facilities and accommodate future transit options. The plan is intended to assist in developing streets that are integral components of community design. Streets shall be detailed to compliment neighborhoods and commercial centers serving all users, freight, auto, transit, bicycle, and pedestrian. Successes Since Hurricane Charley, a category 4 storm which destroyed or significantly damaged a large percentage of the structures within the City, the City of Punta Gorda experienced tremendous development and redevelopment activity. This activity was focused in the Community Redevelopment Area and other adjacent infill locations. Infill and redevelopment were clearly envisioned by various planning efforts of the City over the preceding 15 years since the formation of the Community Redevelopment Area in 1990. This focus on infill and redevelopment has served to maximize the utilization of the existing municipal infrastructure including the transportation network. The integration of mixed use provisions into all commercial and industrial Future Land Use categories provided a firm foundation for the growth of bicycling and walking to serve as viable transportation modes as well as setting the stage for future fixed route transit. Furthermore, the establishment of new Land Development Regulations, more clearly defined the scale and type of development envisioned by the community. The City has policies which consider sidewalk and bicycle improvements as a priority HARBORWALK in planning for capital improvements, roadway capacity improvement projects and 65 even roadway maintenance. The City prioritizes funding for sidewalks and bikeways which serve schools and parks and significant investments have been made in supporting infrastructure for pedestrians including street furniture, landscaping, markings and signage. To date, the City has made great strides in establishing and refining policies which support the enhancement of a more bicycle and pedestrian friendly community. The City recognized life cycle costing and infrastructure utilization as important determinants for the allocation of limited financial resources far in advance of the HERALD COURT CENTRE: onset of the recent recession. This is evident from the continual focus on the urban 400 SPACE PARKING FACILITIES WITH 17,000 SQ. core and policies which encourage redevelopment and infill development. In 2009, to FT. OF RETAIL SPACE increase the vitality of the urban core and remove barriers faced by private developers, the City constructed a 400 space structured parking facility. These short term parking spaces are available free of charge for all City residents and visitors. The City was able to improve the City’s pedestrian network through a variety of City, County, FDOT and private developer funded projects. The City has maintained a funding priority for pedestrian infrastructure improvements. Even during the recent economic and budgetary crisis the City has maintained its focus on pedestrian improvements by adding just over eight (8) miles of pedestrian facilities from 2006 to 2010 through a combination of Community Redevelopment Agency, City, County, Federal, and Developer funded projects. PARK & RECREATION MASTER PLAN ADOPTED The City enhanced the Parks and Recreation Master Plan to provide a 15 year vision of 2009 the City’s parks and recreation aspirations. The highly visual/graphic document was conceived entirely “In-House” through the assistance of TEAM Punta Gorda, volunteer labor and pro-bono services of the local professional design community. The City won an Award of Merit from Florida Chapter of the American Planning Association for efforts related to this plan. The award winning Parks and Recreation Master Plan furthers transportation connectivity and modal choice for neighborhoods and increases the quality and uniqueness of public recreation areas within the City. An example of this connectivity is Punta Gorda’s Linear Park. A three-phase project, Phase 1 was completed in June 2010. This project increases modal choice for residents and visitors through LINEAR PARK PHASE I increasing neighborhood connectivity and accessibility options for residents and visitors. Another success is the City’s “Ring Around the City,” a multiuse trail which increases modal choice by linking the waterfront, activity centers and residential areas. This pathway will support a system of bicycle and pedestrian facilities that will ultimately connect all the neighborhoods of the City to each other and to the primary activity centers. These pathway systems will also strengthen existing connections between the waterfront and other land uses in the urban core. These connections are important to maintaining Punta Gorda’s heritage and character as a waterfront community. Challenges The primary challenge facing the City will be the continuation of the many successes of the recent past. The City will need to focus its attention on the following items to ensure compliance with State Statues and to further the community vision: Development of supportive policies for a functional Transportation Concurrency Exemption Area (TCEA) The successful implementation of a TCEA as an alternative transportation concurrency strategy will require a pattern of development that is less auto-centric than the typical pattern of development in Southwest Florida. Close alignment of Future Land Use and Transportation policies are vital to creating a less auto-dependent transportation network with walkable streets, 67 comfortable bikeways, and convenient transit services. This less auto oriented network implies a pattern of development that is more integrated and interconnected, smaller blocks, few cul-de-sacs, and more mixed-use development. In order to make walkable streets and transit economically feasible, commercial development will need to be built at greater intensities accompanied by higher residential densities. Currently the City has commercial and industrial intensities that are more urban in scale than the surrounding unincorporated County and more in-line with our regionally neighboring Cities of Fort Myers, Naples, and Sarasota. However, our residential densities more closely resemble those found in suburban unincorporated Charlotte County. Commercial development is dependent on residential development therefore aligning residential densities to make them more supportive of maximum intensity levels is vital to providing functional TCEA that will serve to enhance the economic viability of infill and redevelopment in Punta Gorda. Analysis of the energy efficiency alternatives The City may be able to address the new energy efficient alternative requirements through the strengthening of existing policies which support compact, contiguous development with appropriate densities and intensities that incorporate a high degree of connectivity. Strengthened policies will provide support for City’s goal of establishing a TCEA and assist in improving energy uses and reducing greenhouse gas emissions resulting from land development decisions. The establishment of a TCEA further supports HB 697’s requirement to address energy efficiency by the creation of a geographic area within the City that will encourage multi-modal transportation. The creation of a mobility plan will provide the guidelines for implementing the TCEA and include measurement techniques to evaluate the effectiveness of the program. Together the TCEA and mobility plan will address the statutory requirement to “incorporate transportation strategies to address reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector.” Recommended Actions It would be easy to rest upon the laurels of recent successes the City has achieved since Hurricane Charley; however that is not in the spirit of Punta Gorda. The City stands prepared to face challenges on the horizon, forging these challenges into opportunities to achieve the City’s goals as identified in the Comprehensive Plan. The City will seek to support its focus on redevelopment and infill, through the development of a Transportation Concurrency Exemption Area (TCEA) which will better integrate land use and transportation planning. Furthermore the City will analyze the relationship of the proximity, density, and intensity of land uses to the use of energy and the production of greenhouse gases. The City pursues the following action items to achieve the goals set out in the Transportation Element: Study the optimal residential density to commercial intensity mix and the necessary proximity of residential/non- residential land uses Analyze the logical boundaries of a Transportation Concurrency Exception Area (TCEA) based on the above studies of intensities and densities Develop a Mobility Plan that enhances modal choices, decreases Greenhouse Gas Emissions and promotes energy-efficient land uses Identify changes/policies necessary to better integrate transportation and land use planning to maximize the value of the public investments in the transportation network Public School Facilities The relationship between residential development and the provision of public schools, coordination between local governments and the school districts is critical to ensuring that future student growth needs are addressed and can be accommodated. The Public School Facilities Element establishes a level of service standard for schools, addresses the correction of any existing school capacity deficiencies, identifies the financial feasibility of the School District’s Capital Plan, coordinates the location of planned public school facilities with the plans for supporting infrastructure, and coordinates location of public school facilities relative to the location of other public facilities such as parks, libraries and community centers to the extent possible. 69 The adoption of the Public Schools Facility Element formally linked the City, the County and the School Board in a structured environment for the planning of school capacity based on changes to Future Land Use and other major development activities. Representatives of the three entities, known as the staff working group, actively engage in monthly meetings and coordinate proposed Future Land Use changes with school planning. These meetings serve as a focused forum for tracking capacity and development trends in concert to anticipate potential issues and opportunities ensuring that the result of development is stronger communities. Successes Although successful implementation of this relatively new element, adopted in 2008, and the implementation of school concurrency in 2009 has been hampered by the drastic decline in residential housing, there are success stories in the City regarding the rebuilding of the last two of the six schools severely damaged or destroyed by Hurricane Charley. The original Punta Gorda Middle School (PGMS) was destroyed by Hurricane Charley on August 13, 2004. The new 175 thousand square foot replacement school reopened on August 19, 2008. The new Punta Gorda Middle School was awarded United States Green Building Council's (USGBC) Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) certification in June 2009. PGMS became the first silver rated LEED certified middle school in the South East Region of the United States. Charlotte High School's (CHS) original 3 story classroom building, built in 1926, was severely damaged during Hurricane Charley on August 13, 2004. A total of 35 buildings on the Charlotte High Campus were destroyed during that hurricane. The three story classroom building listed on the National Historic Register of Historic Places in 1990 was preserved and rebuilt to its original splendor and reopened on April 13, 2009. The remaining campus totaling 375 thousand square feet was completed and reopened in stages with the final ribbon cutting on August 2, 2010. CHS is currently under review by the United States Green Building Council's (USGBC) Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) team for certification. The decision to preserve CHS was based not only on the 3 story classroom building's historical status but the school also serves as an anchor to the history of the City of Punta Gorda, Charlotte County and the state of Florida. CHS has the distinct honor of being the first High School in the State of Florida to voluntarily integrate without pressure from the federal government or a pending lawsuit. The staff working group continues to meet on a regularly scheduled basis to discuss issues associated with population projections, updates to the Interlocal agreement and the potential of new residential development. These scheduled meetings continue to improve communication and build strong relationships between the School District and the local governments or a pending lawsuit. Challenges Through the regularly scheduled meetings and discussions, two (2) issues were PUNTA GORDA MIDDLE SCHOOL identified with the implementation of school concurrency. The first centered on the calculation of student generation rates in terms of impacts from new residential development. Initially, the student generator was geo-coded by student addresses in the County and by housing types. Developers challenged the definitions of housing types as to which rates should apply. For instance, Condominiums as housing type versus a form of ownership. In response to this issue, the student generator rate was redesigned. It now provides for a single, county wide rate for each school level (K-5, 6-8, and 9- 12as well as K-12) regardless of housing type. This eliminates the confusion of housing types and provides a fair result for all concerned. CHARLOTTE HIGH SCHOOL 71 The second issue dealt with the Concurrency Service Area (CSA) at the elementary school level (Map 10). Despite the fact that there were ten elementary schools, the staff working group originally designated only three CSA’s. When the adjacency rule was applied in considering potential new developments in the middle CSA, it had the effect of making capacity for that level available county wide rather than allowing excess students to shift to “adjacent” schools that might have available capacity. This issue was resolved by modifying the original CSA map from three (3) CSA’s to ten (10) CSA’s which now corresponds with the actual elementary school attendance boundaries. Now when adjacency is applied for, the impacts of the new development, only the capacity of the schools adjacent to the proposed development will be considered. Recommendations Regular meetings of the Staff Working Group, the group created to implement the school concurrency program, should continue as outlined in the Interlocal Agreement. As part of the regular meetings, the group will continue to include discussions on school planning especially as it relates to the siting of new schools and school concurrency. In addition, the annual workshop MAP 10 – CHARLOTTE COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CONCURRENCY SERVICE AREA MAP between the three entities will continue in accordance with the terms within the ILA. Because of the severe decline in the residential housing market, the school concurrency program in Charlotte County has not been tested enough for a complete evaluation. Update the Plan to include the most recent adopted Interlocal Agreement. Inter Governmental Coordination The purpose of the Intergovernmental Coordination Element is to examine existing intergovernmental coordination processes and to consider how these might be improved in light of anticipated future planning needs. This element identifies the governments and other agencies, which have or should have mechanisms of coordination to implement the other Elements of the City’s Comprehensive Plan. Successes The City continues to coordinate with all other levels of government and local government agencies on issues of mutual concern. The successful coordination efforts between the Charlotte School District, Charlotte County and the City, for the Public School Facilities Element (PSFE) have brought the three organizations together into unprecedented levels of cooperation. The on-going discussions and negotiations have ensured successful PSFE implementation. The City also worked with the SWFWMD and the CHNEP in completion of a Climate Adaptation Plan specific to the City of Punta Gorda. This plan has a menu of options for the City to review and utilize as they move forward in the next planning decade. One of the critical concepts of this report was the citizen and stakeholder input, who, through several engaging public workshops, designed the issues that were important to them to see studied in the report. The City continues to work with Charlotte County on a citizen-based initiative to provide transitioning land development regulations for areas of unincorporated Charlotte County abutting the corporate limits of the City of Punta Gorda. These efforts have included City and County Staff along with members of TEAM Punta Gorda, holding two well attended public workshops soliciting public input through visual surveys and charrette type design exercises. Currently, the City and County are finalizing 73 proposed code changes for Charlotte County adoption which will equalize landscaping, signage and architectural requirements between County and City jurisdictions to provide a more visually consistent pattern of development in South Charlotte County. Challenges Given the City’s small geographic area relative to Charlotte County and the regional nature of the transportation network that traverses the City, many issues facing Punta Gorda are multi-jurisdictional in nature. In addition to transportation land use decisions, economic conditions, housing, crime, and other public infrastructure cross CLIMATE ADAPTATION PUBLIC WORKSHOP jurisdictional boundaries. The biggest challenge to addressing these issues is continuing to nurture open communication and understanding among all levels of local, state and federal agencies. This communication will be achieved by the City of Punta Gorda through the continued participation in advisory committee meetings, board roles for elected officials and dynamic staff level interactions with all levels of local, state and federal government agencies as needed. Recommended Actions The City will continue to monitor programs, policies and legislative decisions which will affect the City of Punta Gorda. Such monitoring will be for both positive and negatively impacting issues and to communicate City concerns or support for said issues. The City will work with the FDOT and Charlotte County proactively in the review and development of a Transportation Concurrency Exemption Area. The City will continue to work with the SFRPC and the MPO as it reviews the climate adaptation strategies and recommendations identified in the Climate Adaptation Plan. The City will work with jurisdictional agencies and related historical groups as well as concerned citizens on the development of a Historical Element. Capital Improvements The Capital Improvements Element (CIE) presents an analysis of the fiscal capability of the City to fund needed public facilities, recommends financial policies to guide the funding of those identified improvements, and schedules the funding and construction of improvements in a manner necessary to ensure that capital improvements are provided when required. Successes The City has successfully incorporated into its comprehensive plan the Charlotte School Districts capital improvements program schedules pursuant to statute. The City continues to maintain its fiscal capabilities through the adoption of the Capital Improvements Element, a 5 year capital improvements program, a strategic plan for the City, a business plan for the City and a long term financial plan for the City. The Capital Improvement Element (CIE) provides policy guidance for replacement of obsolete or worn out facilities, eliminating existing deficiencies and meeting future needs. It also provides policies regarding the land development process to ensure that development approval is dependent on meeting required level of service standards. Challenges The City of Punta Gorda has sought to fund all needed capital projects during the planning period through a combination of ad valorem tax revenues, non-ad valorem tax revenues such as franchise fees, utility taxes, gas taxes, impact fees and tax increment financing. In addition, the City has benefitted greatly from federal and state grant programs following the direct hit of Hurricane Charley in 2004. The City has a good credit rating, unused debt capacity, and adequate debt coverage. The most 75 significant challenge facing the City is a decline and/or stagnation in both ad valorem and non-ad valorem tax revenues due to housing foreclosure crisis and the overall economy. Currently, the City of Punta Gorda does not have any backlogged facilities and has been able to maintain its adopted levels of service. On a whole, the City of Punta Gorda has a financially feasible capital improvements program in place that has been able to provide its residents and property owners with adequate public services and facilities in a timely manner. Recommended Actions The City will continue to annually develop its 5 year capital improvement program, strategic plan, business plan and long range financial plan to ensure that residents and property owners are provided with adequate public services and facilities in a timely manner. The existing City of Punta Gorda Comprehensive Plan 2025 provides that on the 15th of July of each year, the Growth Management Department shall prepare a report for the City Council containing the current capacity within each public facility category, including any encumbrances or deficiencies. The City will amend this date to coincide with the Annual Capital Improvements Element update mandated by Chapter 163, F.S. and undertaken in December of each year. Changes in Growth Management Laws [163.3191(2)(f)] Comprehensive plans should address all current statutory and rule requirements. The City’s EAR presents an opportunity to compare the content of the comprehensive plan with current requirements along with the State Comprehensive Plan to ensure that our plan is up to date. To assist in this comparison, the Department prepared a summary of changes to Chapter 163, Part II, Florida Statutes, and Rule 9J-5, Florida Administrative Code. For purposes of this report and pursuant to 163.3191,(2)(f) FS changes in legislation include those changes since 2003 and those adopted through 2009. No table for Rule 9J-5, Florida Administrative Code is included in the EAR because there have been no rule changes made to the Code since 2001. Chapter 163, Part II, F.S was reviewed by the City of Punta Gorda’s Staff and Planning Commission to determine whether the changes in legislation was addressed or needs to addressed in the City’s Comprehensive Plan. Table 16 is taken from the table posted on the Department of Community Affairs website. Only those changes made since 2003, the adoption date of the City’s most recent evaluation and appraisal report update amendments, are included. In 2008, the State approved climate change and greenhouse legislation to address reducing the impacts of pollution within the State, encouraging the use of alternative fuels, and increasing building energy efficiency; however, no specific requirements for implementation have been developed at this time. Although specific requirements for implementation have not been developed by the state, the City’s current planning efforts along with the State Regional Policy Plan, already include: encouraging more compact development, creating multimodal transportation opportunities, encouraging less dependence on the use of the automobile, and promoting transit supportive development patterns. In addition the City already encourages management and conservation of natural resources in their continuing efforts to promote a walkable and long-term sustainable community which efficiently uses its natural resources. The existing Comprehensive Plan contains many policies promoting and requiring the City to implement energy efficient directives. As the mandated requirements become better defined, the City will incorporate and address those that specifically apply to and are financially feasible for the City of Punta Gorda. Changes to Chapter 163, F.S. 2005 - 2009 Chapter 163, F.S. Addressed Amendment N/A* Changes to Chapter 163, F.S. Citations (where/how) by Element 2005 [Ch. 2005-157, ss 1, 2 and 15; Ch. 2005-290; and Ch. 2005-291, ss. 10-12, Laws of Florida] Added the definition of “financial Defined in the Capital 1 163.3164(32) [New] No action required feasibility.” Improvements Element (2): Required comprehensive plans to be Defined in the Capital 2 “financially” rather than “economically” 163.3177 No action required Improvements Element feasible. 77 (3)(a)5.: Required the comprehensive plan to include a 5-year schedule of capital improvements. Outside funding (i.e., from developer, other government or funding Capital Improvements No action required pursuant to referendum) of these capital Element improvements must be guaranteed in the form of a development agreement or interlocal agreement. (3)(a)6.b.1.: Required plan amendment for the annual update of the schedule of capital improvements. Deleted provision Capital Improvements No action required allowing updates and change in the date of Element Policy 10.1.3.6 construction to be accomplished by ordinance. (3)(a)6.c.: Added oversight and penalty Capital Improvements provision for failure to adhere to this Element Policy 10.1.3.4 No action required section’s capital improvements for oversight and Policy requirements. 10.1.1.5 for penalty (3)(a)6.d.: Required a long-term capital improvement schedule if the local N/A N/A No action required government has adopted a long-term concurrency management system. (6)(a): Deleted date (October 1, 1999) by Public School Facilities which school sitting requirements must be No action required Element Adopted adopted. (6)(a): Requires the future land use Future Land Use Element element to be based upon the availability No action required Policy 220.127.116.11 of water supplies (in addition to public water facilities). (6)(a): Add requirement that future land Conservation & Coastal use element of coastal counties must Management Element No action required encourage the preservation of working Policy 18.104.22.168 waterfronts, as defined in s.342.07, F.S. (6)(c): Required the potable water element to be updated within 18 months of an updated regional water supply plan to incorporate the alternative water supply projects and traditional water supply projects and conservation and reuse selected by the local government to meet Infrastructure Element: its projected water supply needs. The ten- Potable Water Section No action required year water supply work plan must include Policy 22.214.171.124 public, private and regional water supply facilities, including development of alternative water supplies. Such amendments do not count toward the limitation on the frequency of adoption of amendments. (6)(e): Added waterways to the system of Addressed in the sites addressed by the recreation and open Recreation & Open Space No action required space element. Element (6)(h)1.: The intergovernmental Intergovernmental coordination element must address Coordination Element No action required coordination with regional water supply Policy 126.96.36.199 authorities. 79 (11)(d)4.c.: Required rural land stewardship areas to address affordable N/A - - housing. (11)(d)5.: Required a listed species survey be performed on rural land stewardship receiving area. If any listed species N/A - - present, must ensure adequate provisions to protect them. (11)(d)6.: Must enact an ordinance establishing a methodology for creation, conveyance, and use of stewardship N/A - - credits within a rural land stewardship area. (11)(d)6.j.: Revised to allow open space and agricultural land to be just as N/A - - important as environmentally sensitive land when assigning stewardship credits. (12): Must adopt public school facilities Public School Facilities No action required element. Element Adopted 2008 (12)(a) and (b): A waiver from providing this element will be allowed under certain N/A - - circumstances. Public School Facilities (12)(g): Expanded list of items to be to Element Policies 188.8.131.52 include collocation, location of schools (Collocation), 184.108.40.206 No action required proximate to residential areas, and use of (Schools located schools as emergency shelters. proximate to residential areas), 220.127.116.11 (school used as emergency shelters) (12)(h): Required local governments to provide maps depicting the general Addressed within the location of new schools and school Public Schools Facilities No action required improvements within future conditions Element maps. (12)(i): Required DCA to establish a Public School Facilities schedule for adoption of the public school N/A Element adopted 2008 No action required facilities element. (on-time) (12)(j): Established penalty for failure to Adopted Public School No action required adopt a public school facility element. Facility Element (13): (New section) Encourages local Part of the EAR analysis. governments to develop a “community City continuing to utilize Addressed in the EAR vision,” which provides for sustainable [New] the visioning residents under Public Participation growth, recognizes its fiscal constraints, and stakeholders have and protects its natural resources. established since 1990. (14): (New section) Encourages local governments to develop an “urban service Addressed in the EAR Part of the EAR boundary,” which ensures the area is [New] under the Future Land discussion in the Future served (or will be served) with adequate Use Land Use Element public facilities and services over the next 10 years. See s. 163.3184(17). 81 163.31776 [Now: 3 163.31776 is repealed N/A - - Repealed} (2): Required the public schools interlocal Addressed in the Public agreement (if applicable) to address School Facilities Element. requirements for school concurrency. The 163.31777 No action required Objective 8.1.2 Policies opt-out provision at the end of Subsection 18.104.22.168 through 22.214.171.124 (2) is deleted. (5): Required Palm Beach County to identify, as part of its EAR, changes needed in its public school element 4 N/A - - necessary to conform to the new 2005 public school facilities element requirements. (7): Provided that counties exempted from public school facilities element shall undergo re-evaluation as part of its EAR to N/A - - determine if they continue to meet exemption criteria. Addressed in the (2)(g): Expands requirement of coastal Conservation & Coastal element to include strategies that will be Management Element 5 used to preserve recreational and 163.3178 Goal 2.5 Policies 126.96.36.199 No action required commercial working waterfronts, as through 188.8.131.52, Future defined in s.342.07, F.S. Land Use Element Policy 184.108.40.206 Addressed in the Capital (1)(a): Added “schools” as a required Improvements Element 163.318 No action required concurrency item. and the Public Schools Facilities Element (2)(a): Required consultation with water Future Land Use Element supplier prior to issuing building permit to Policy 220.127.116.11 ensure “adequate water supplies” to serve Infrastructure Element No action required new development will be available by the (Potable Water Section) date of issuance of a certificate of Objective 3.2.2 occupancy. (2)(c): Required all transportation facilities to be in place or under construction within Addressed in Capital No action required 6 3 years (rather than 5 years) after approval Improvements Element of building permit. (4)(c): The concurrency requirement, except as it relates to transportation and public schools may be waived in urban Will be Part of the EAR infill and redevelopment areas. The waiver based Amendments for Part of the EAR Analysis shall be adopted as a plan amendment. A the Transportation for Transportation local government may grant a concurrency Element exception pursuant to subsection (5) for transportation facilities located within an urban infill and redevelopment area. (5)(d): Required guidelines for granting Part of the EAR Analysis concurrency exceptions to be included in of the Capital the comprehensive plan. Improvements Element 83 (5)(e) – (g): If local government has established transportation exceptions, the guidelines for implementing the exceptions must be “consistent with and support a comprehensive strategy, and promote the purpose of the exceptions.” Exception areas must include mobility strategies, such as alternate modes of transportation, supported by data and N/A - - analysis. FDOT must be consulted prior to designating a transportation concurrency exception area. Transportation concurrency exception areas existing prior to July 1, 2005 must meet these requirements by July 1, 2006, or when the EAR-based amendment is adopted, whichever occurs last. Addressed in the Capital (1)(a): Added “schools” as a required Improvements Element 163.318 No action required concurrency item. and the Public Schools Facilities Element (6): Required local government to maintain records to determine whether 110% de minimis transportation impact threshold is Addressed in the annual reached. A summary of these records must Capital Improvements No action required be submitted with the annual capital Element update. improvements element update. Exceeding the 110% threshold dissolves the de minimis exceptions. (7): Required consultation with the Department of Transportation prior to designating a transportation concurrency management area (to promote infill development) to ensure adequate level-of- N/A - - service standards are in place. The local government and the DOT should work together to mitigate any impacts to the Strategic Intermodal System. (9)(a): Allowed adoption of a long-term concurrency management system for N/A - - schools. (9)(c): (New section) Allowed local governments to issue approvals to commence construction notwithstanding s. N/A - - 163.3180 in areas subject to a long-term concurrency management system. Addressed in the following Elements: Capital Improvements, (9)(d): (New section) Required evaluation in Transportation, Part of the EAR Analysis Evaluation and Appraisal Repot of progress Recreation & Open Space, for Transportation in improving levels of service. Infrastructure (Potable Water, Sanitary Sewer, & Solid Waste), & Public School Facilities 85 (10): Added requirement that level of service standard for roadway facilities on the Strategic Intermodal System must be N/A N/A N/A consistent with FDOT standards. Standards must consider compatibility with adjacent jurisdictions. Adopted Public School (13): Required school concurrency (not Facilities Element and No action required optional). Policies supporting School Concurrency Adopted Public School (13)(c)1.: Requires school concurrency Facilities Element Policy after five years to be applied on a “less 18.104.22.168 specifying school No action required than district wide basis” (i.e., by using concurrency "less that school attendance zones, etc). district wide". Adopted Public School (13)(c)2.: Eliminated exemption from plan Facilities Element Policy amendment adoption limitation for 22.214.171.124 specifying school No action required changes to service area boundaries. concurrency "less that district wide". (13)(c)3.: No application for development approval may be denied if a less-than- Adopted Public School district wide measurement of school Facilities Element Policy concurrency is used; however the 126.96.36.199 specifying school No action required development impacts must to shifted to concurrency "less that contiguous service areas with school district wide". capacity. (13)(e): Allowed school concurrency to be satisfied if a developer executes a legally Public School Facilities No action required binding commitment to provide mitigation Element Policy 188.8.131.52 proportionate to the demand. (13)(e)1.: Enumerated mitigation options Public School Facilities for achieving proportionate-share No action required Element Policy 184.108.40.206 mitigation. (13)(e)2.: If educational facilities funded in one of the two following ways, the local Public School Facilities government must credit this amount No action required Element Policy 220.127.116.11 toward any impact fee or exaction imposed on the community: Public School Facilities · contribution of land No action required Element Policy 18.104.22.168 · construction, expansion, or Public School Facilities No action required payment for land acquisition Element Policy 22.214.171.124 (13)(g)2.: (Section deleted) – It is no longer required that a local government and school board base their plans on consistent population projection and share information regarding planned public N/A - - school facilities, development and redevelopment and infrastructure needs of public school facilities. However, see (13)(g)6.a. for similar requirement. 87 (13)(g)6.a.: [Formerly (13)(g)7.a.] Local governments must establish a uniform Public School Facilities procedure for determining if development No action required Element Policy 126.96.36.199 applications are in compliance with school concurrency. (13)(g)7. [Formerly (13)(g)8.] Deleted language that allowed local government to [New] N/A - - terminate or suspend an interlocal agreement with the school board. (13)(h): (New 2005 provision) The fact that school concurrency has not yet been Part of the Public Schools Part Schools Facilities implemented by a local government should Facility Element Element not be the basis for either an approval or assessment denial of a development permit. (15): Prior to adopting Multimodal Transportation Districts, FDOT must be consulted to assess the impact on level of service standards. If impacts are found, the local government and the FDOT must Part of the EAR Analysis Part of the EAR Analysis [New] work together to mitigate those impacts. for Transportation for Transportation Multimodal districts established prior to July 1, 2005 must meet this requirement by July 1, 2006 or at the time of the EAR- base amendment, whichever occurs last. (16): (New 2005 section) Required local governments to adopt by December 1, Public School Facilities No action required 2006 a method for assessing Element Policy 188.8.131.52 proportionate fair-share mitigation options. FDOT will develop a model ordinance by December 1, 2005. (13)(g)6.a.: [Formerly (13)(g)7.a.] Local governments must establish a uniform Public School Facilities procedure for determining if development No action required Element Policy 184.108.40.206 applications are in compliance with school concurrency. (17): (New 2005 section) If local government has adopted a community vision and urban service boundary, state and regional agency review is eliminated Will be addressed during Public Participation of the for plan amendments affecting property 163.3184 [New] N/A the EAR amendment 2011 EAR within the urban service boundary. Such process amendments are exempt from the limitation on the frequency of plan 7 amendments. (18): (New 2005 section) If a municipality has adopted an urban infill and redevelopment area, state and regional agency review is eliminated for plan N/A - - amendments affecting property within the urban service boundary. Such amendments are exempt from the limitation on the frequency of plan amendments. 89 (1)(c)1.f.: Allowed approval of residential land use as a small-scale development amendment when the proposed density is equal to or less than the existing future 163.3187 Future Land Use Element No action required land use category. Under certain circumstances, affordable housing units are exempt from this limitation. (1)(c)4.: (New 2005 provision) If the small- 8 scale development amendment involves a [New] N/A - - rural area of critical economic concern, a 20-acre limit applies. (1)(o): (New 2005 provision) An amendment to a rural area of critical economic concern may be approved [New] N/A - - without regard to the statutory limit on comprehensive plan amendments. (2)(k): Required local governments that do not have either a school interlocal agreement or a public school facilities element, to determine in the Evaluation 163.3191 N/A - - and Appraisal Report whether the local government continues to meet the 9 exemption criteria in s.163.3177(12). (2)(l): The Evaluation and Appraisal Report Addressed in the must determine whether the local Infrastructure Element government has been successful in [New] (Potable Water Section) No action required identifying alternative water supply Policies 220.127.116.11 18.104.22.168 projects, including conservation and reuse, (Alternative Water Supply needed to meet projected demand. Also, Projects), Policies 22.214.171.124 the Report must identify the degree to and 126.96.36.199 (conservation which the local government has ) and Policies 188.8.131.52 & implemented its 10-year water supply 184.108.40.206 (reuse) workplan. (2)(o): (New 2005 provision) The Evaluation and Appraisal Report must evaluate Will be addressed as part whether any Multimodal Transportation [New] of the EAR based Part of the EAR analysis District has achieved the purpose for Amendments which it was created. (2)(p): (New 2005 provision) The Evaluation Will be addressed as part and Appraisal Report must assess of the EAR based Part of the EAR analysis methodology for impacts on transportation Amendments facilities. (10): The Evaluation and Appraisal Report -based amendment must be adopted within a single amendment cycle. Failure to adopt within this cycle results in EAR Appendix Part of the current EAR penalties. Once updated, the comprehensive plan must be submitted to the DCA. (10) New section designating Freeport as a N/A - - certified community. 10 (11) New section exempting proposed DRIs within Freeport from review under 163.3246 [New] N/A - - s.380.06, F.S., unless review is requested by the local government. 91 2006 [Ch. 2006-68, Ch. 2006-69, Ch. 2006-220, Ch. 2006-252, Ch. 2006-255, Ch. 2006-268, Laws of Florida] Establishes plan amendment procedures 1 for agricultural enclaves as defined in 163.3162(5) [New] N/A - - s.163.3164(33), F.S. Ch. 2006-255, LOF. Defines agricultural enclave. Ch. 2006- 2 163.3164(33) [New] N/A - - 255, LOF. (6)(g)2.: Adds new paragraph encouraging local governments with a coastal Reviewed as part of the management element to adopt recreational EAR Coastal Management surface water use policies; such adoption 163.3177(6)(g)2. Conservation and Coastal 3 review. If appropriate will amendment is exempt from the twice per [New] Management Element be included in the EAR year limitation on the frequency of plan Based amendments amendment adoptions. Ch. 2006-220, LOF. Allows the effect of a proposed receiving area to be considered when projecting the 4 25-year or greater population with a rural 163.3177(11)(d)6. N/A - - land stewardship area. Ch. 2006-220, LOF. Addressed in the Housing Element Although does Recognizes “extremely-low-income not specifically address persons” as another income groups whose accessory dwelling units, housing needs might be addressed by 163.31771(1), (2) Policy 220.127.116.11 would allow 5 No action required accessory dwelling units and defines such and (4) consideration of the persons consistent with s.420.0004(8), F.S. accessory dwelling unit Ch. 2006-69, LOF. and 18.104.22.168 allows for accessory apartments for relatives. Assigns to the Division of Emergency Management the responsibility of ensuring Conservation & Coastal 6 the preparation of updated regional 163.3178(2)(d) Management Element No action required hurricane evacuation plans. Ch. 2006-68, Policy 22.214.171.124 LOF. Changes the definition of the Coastal High Hazard Area (CHHA) to be the area below CHHA is defined in the 7 the elevation of the category 1 storm surge 163.3178(2)(h) Conservation and Coastal No action required line as established by the SLOSH model. Management Element Ch. 2006-68, LOF. Adds a new section allowing a local government to comply with the requirement that its comprehensive plan Addressed in the Addressed in the EAR 8 direct population concentrations away 163.3178(9)(a) [New] Conservation & Coastal update from the CHHA and maintains or reduces Management Element hurricane evacuation times by maintaining an adopted LOS Standard for out-of- 93 county hurricane evacuation for a category 5 storm, by maintaining a 12-hour hurricane evacuation time or by providing mitigation that satisfies these two requirements. Ch. 2006-68, LOF. Adds a new section establishing a level of service for out-of-county hurricane evacuation of no greater than 16 hours for Addressed in the a category 5 storm for any local Addressed in the EAR 9 163.3178(9)(b) [New] Conservation & Coastal government that wishes to follow the update Management Element process in s.163.3178(9)(a) but has not established such a level of service by July 1, 2008. Ch. 2006-68, LOF. Requires local governments to amend their Future Land Use Map and coastal Addressed in the Future management element to include the new Land Use and 10 163.3178(2)(c) No action required definition of the CHHA, and to depict the Conservation & Coastal CHHA on the FLUM by July 1, 2008. Ch. Elements. 2006-68, LOF. Allows the sanitary sewer concurrency requirement to be met by onsite sewage Addressed in 11 treatment and disposal systems approved 163.3180(2)(a) Infrastructure Element: No action required by the Department of Health. Ch. 2006- Sanitary Sewer Section 252, LOF. Changes s.380.0651(3)(i) to 12 s.380.0651(3)(h) as the citation for the 163.3180(12)(a) Future Land Use Element No action required standards a multiuse DRI must meet or exceed. Ch. 2006-220, LOF. Deletes use of extended use agreement as 13 part of the definition of small scale 163.3187(1)(c)1.f. N/A - - amendment. Ch. 2006-69, LOF. Creates a new section related to electric distribution substations; establishes criteria addressing land use compatibility of substations; requires local governments to permit substations in all FLUM categories (except preservation, conservation or historic preservation); 14 establishes compatibility standards to be 163.3208 [New] Future Land Use Element No action required used if a local government has not established such standards; establishes procedures for the review of applications for the location of a new substation; allows local governments to enact reasonable setback and landscape buffer standards for substations. Ch. 2006-268, LOF. Creates a new section preventing a local government from requiring for a permit or City does not require other approval vegetation maintenance 15 163.3209 [New] permits for tree or other No action required and tree pruning or trimming within an vegetation maintenance. established electric transmission and distribution line right-of-way. Ch. 2006- 95 268, LOF. Community Workforce Housing Innovation Pilot Program; created by Ch. 2006-69, LOF, section 27. Establishes a special, 16 New Housing Element No action required expedited adoption process for any plan amendment that implements a pilot program project. Affordable housing land donation density incentive bonus; created by Ch. 2006-69, LOF, section 28. Allows a density bonus for land donated to a local government to provide affordable housing; requires Housing Element Policy 17 adoption of a plan amendment for any New No action required 126.96.36.199 such land; such amendment may be adopted as a small-scale amendment; such amendment is exempt from the twice per year limitation on the frequency of plan amendment adoptions. 2007 [Ch. 2007-196, Ch. 2007-198, Ch. 2007-204, Laws of Florida] (26) Expands the definition of “urban Future Land Use Element 1 redevelopment” to include a community 163.3164 Capital Improvements No action required redevelopment area. Ch. 2007-204, LOF. Element , Transportation (32) Revises the definition of “financial Element, Public Schools feasibility” by clarifying that the plan is Facilities Element financially feasibility for transportation and schools if level of service standards are achieved and maintained by the end of the planning period even if in a particular year such standards are not achieved. In addition, the provision that level of service standards need not be maintained if the proportionate fair share process in s.163.3180(12) and (16), F.S., is used is deleted. Ch. 2007-204, LOF. (2) Clarifies that financial feasibility is determined using a five-year period (except in the case of long-term Capital Improvements No action required transportation or school concurrency Element management, in which case a 10 or 15- year period applies). Ch. 2007-204, LOF. (3)(a)6. Revises the citation to the MPO’s Transportation Element TIP and long-range transportation plan. No action required 2 Objective 7.3.2 Ch. 2007-196, LOF. (3)(b)1. Requires an annual update to the Five-Year Schedule of Capital Improvements to be submitted by Capital Improvements December 1, 2008 and yearly thereafter. If No action required Element Policy 10.1.1.1 this date is missed, no amendments are allowed until the update is adopted. Ch. 2007-204, LOF. 97 (3)(c) Deletes the requirement that the Department must notify the Administration Commission if an annual update to the capital improvements element is found not N/A - - in compliance (retained is the requirement that notification must take place is the annual update is not adopted). Ch. 2007- 204, LOF. (3)(e) Provides that a comprehensive plan as revised by an amendment to the future land use map is financially feasible if it is supported by (1) a condition in a development order for a development of regional impact or binding agreement that addresses proportionate share mitigation consistent with s.163.3180(12), F.S., or (2) Capital Improvements No action required a binding agreement addressing Element Policy 10.1.3.5 proportionate fair-share mitigation consistent with s.163.3180(16)(f), F.S., and the property is located in an urban infill, urban redevelopment, downtown revitalization, urban infill and redevelopment or urban service area. Ch. 2007-204, LOF. (6)(f)1.d. Revises the housing element requirements to ensure adequate sites for Housing Element Policy No action required affordable workforce housing within 188.8.131.52 certain counties. Ch. 2007-198, LOF. (6)h. and i. Requires certain counties to adopt a plan for ensuring affordable workforce housing by July 1, 2008 and [New] N/A N/A N/A provides a penalty if this date is missed. Ch. 2007-198, LOF. (4)(b) Expands transportation concurrency exceptions to include airport facilities. Ch. 163.318 N/A N/A N/A 2007-204, LOF. (5)(b)5 Adds specifically designated urban May be addressed is a service areas to the list of transportation N/A N/A transportation exception concurrency exception areas. Ch. 2007- area is established 204, LOF. (5)(f) Requires consultation with the state N/A (No land planning agency regarding mitigation SIS of impacts on Strategic Intermodal System [New] facilities - - 3 facilities prior to establishing a in the concurrency exception area. Ch. 2007- City) 204, LOF. (12) and (12)(a) Deletes the requirement that the comprehensive plan must authorize a development of regional impact to satisfy concurrency under certain conditions. Also, deletes the N/A - - requirement that the development of regional impact must include a residential component to satisfy concurrency under the conditions listed. Ch. 2007-204, LOF. 99 (12)(d) Clarifies that any proportionate- share mitigation by development of regional impact, Florida Quality Capital Improvements Development and specific area plan No action required Element Policy 10.1.5.2 implementing an optional sector plan is not responsible for reducing or eliminating backlogs. Ch. 2007-204, LOF. (13)(e)4. A development precluded from commencing because of school Public School Facilities & concurrency may nevertheless commence [New] Capital Improvements No action requirements if certain conditions are met. Ch. 2007- Elements 204, LOF. (16)(c) and (f) Allows proportionate fair- share mitigation to be directed to one or more specific transportation improvement. Capital Improvements [New] No action required Clarifies that such mitigation is not to be Element Policy 10.1.5.2 used to address backlogs. Ch. 2007-204, LOF. (17) Allows an exempt from concurrency for certain workforce housing developed Capital Improvements Need to add citation to FS consistent with s.380.061(9) and Element 380. s.380.0651(3). Ch. 2007-198, LOF. Allows a local government to establish a transportation concurrency backlog authority to address deficiencies where 4 163.3182 [New] N/A - - existing traffic volume exceeds the adopted level of service standard. Defines the powers of the authority to include tax increment financing and requires the preparation of transportation concurrency backlog plans. Ch. 2007-196, LOF and Ch. 2007-204, LOF. Allows plan amendments that address certain housing requirements to be Housing Element Policy 5 163.3184(19) [New] No action required expedited under certain circumstances. 184.108.40.206 Ch. 2007-198, LOF. Exempts from the twice per year limitation on the frequency of adoption of plan amendments any amendment that is 163.3187(1)(p) 6 N/A - - consistent with the local housing incentive [New] strategy consistent with s.420.9076. Ch. 2007-198, LOF. Add an amendment to integrate a port master plan into the coastal management 7 element as an exemption to the 163.3191(14) [New] N/A - - prohibition in ss.163.3191(10). Ch. 2007- 196, LOF and Ch. 2007-204, LOF. Extends the duration of a development 8 agreement from 10 to 20 years. Ch. 163.3229 N/A - - 2007-204, LOF. Establishes an alternative state review process pilot program in 9 163.32465 [New] N/A - - Jacksonville/Duval, Miami, Tampa, Hialeah, Pinellas and Broward to encourage urban 101 infill and redevelopment. Ch. 2007-204, LOF. If a property owner contributes right-of- way and expands a state transportation facility, such contribution may be applied Capital Improvements 10 339.282 [New} Need to add language. as a credit against any future Element transportation concurrency requirement. Ch. 2007-196, LOF. Establishes an expedited plan amendment adoption process for amendments that implement the Community Workforce Housing Innovation Pilot Program and 11 420.5095(9) Housing Element Need to add language. exempts such amendments from the twice per year limitation on the frequency of adoption of plan amendments. Ch. 2007- 198, LOF. 2008 [Ch. 2008-191 and Ch. 2008-227, Laws of Florida] The future land use plan must discourage Future Land Use Element 1 163.3177(6)(a) No action required urban sprawl. Ch. 2008-191, LOF. Policy The future land use plan must be based upon energy-efficient land use patterns Will be addressed as part 2 accounting for existing and future energy 163.3177(6)(a) of the EAR based Part of the EAR analysis electric power generation and transmission Amendments systems. Ch. 2008-191, LOF. The future land use plan must be based Will be addressed as part 3 upon greenhouse gas reduction strategies. 163.3177(6)(a) of the EAR based Part of the EAR analysis Ch. 2008-191, LOF. Amendments The traffic circulation element must Will be addressed as part include transportation strategies to 4 163.3177(6)(b) of the EAR based Part of the EAR analysis address reduction in greenhouse gas Amendments emissions. Ch. 2008-191, LOF. The conservation element must include Will be addressed as part 5 factors that affect energy conservation. 163.3177(6)(d) of the EAR based Part of the EAR analysis Ch. 2008-191, LOF. Amendments The future land use map series must Will be addressed as part 6 depict energy conservation. Ch. 2008- 163.3177(6)(d) of the EAR based Part of the EAR analysis 191, LOF. Amendments The housing element must include standards, plans and principles to be Will be addressed as part followed in energy efficiency in the design 163.3177(6)(f)1.h. 7 of the EAR based Part of the EAR analysis and construction of new housing and in and i. Amendments the use of renewable energy resources. Ch. 2008-191, LOF. Local governments within an MPO area Will be addressed as part must revise their transportation element 8 163.3177(6)(j) of the EAR based Part of the EAR analysis to include strategies to reduce greenhouse Amendments gas emissions. Ch. 2008-191, LOF. Various changes were made in the State Will be addressed as part State Comprehensive 9 Comprehensive Plan (Chapter 187, F.S.) of the EAR based Part of the EAR analysis Plan that address low-carbon-emitting electric Amendments 103 power plants. See Section 5 of Chapter 2008-227, LOF. 2009 [Chapters 2009-85 and 2009-96, Laws of Florida] Changes “Existing Urban service area” to “Urban service area” and revises the Address in the update of 1 163.3164(29) Future Land Use Element definition of such an area. Section 2, the Element Chapter 2009-96, LOF. Will be addressed as part Adds definition of “Dense urban land 2 163.3164(34) of the EAR based Part of the EAR analysis area.” Section 2, Chapter 2009-96, LOF. Amendments Postpones from December 1, 2008 to December 1, 2011, the need for the annual Capital Improvements 3 update to the capital improvements 163.3177(3)(b)1. No action required Element element to be financially feasible. Section 3, Chapter 2009-96, LOF. Requires the future land use element to include by June 30, 2012, criteria that will be used to achieve compatibility of lands Will be addressed as part 4 near public use airports. For military 163.3177(6)(a) of the EAR based Part of the EAR analysis installations, the date is changed from Amendments June 30, 2006, to June 30, 2012. Section 3, Chapter 2009-85, LOF. Requires the intergovernmental Intergovernmental coordination element to recognize airport 5 163.3177(6)(h)1.b. Coordination Element No action required master plans. Section 3, Chapter 2009- Policy 220.127.116.11 85, LOF. Requires the intergovernmental Intergovernmental 6 163.3177(6)(h)1.c. No action required coordination element to include a Coordination Element mandatory (rather than voluntary) dispute Policy 18.104.22.168 resolution process and requires use of the process prescribed in section 186.509, F.S., for this purpose. Section 3, Chapter 2009-96, LOF. Requires the intergovernmental coordination element to provide for interlocal agreements pursuant to Will be addressed as part 7 s.333.03(1)(b), F.S., between adjacent local 163.3177(6)(h)1.d. of the EAR based Part of the EAR analysis governments regarding airport zoning Amendments regulations. Section 3, Chapter 2009-85, LOF. Defines “rural agricultural industrial center” and provides for their expansion 163.3177(15)(a) 8 N/A - - though the plan amendment process. [New] Section 1, Chapter 2009-154, LOF Allows a municipality that is not a dense urban land area to amend its Will be addressed as part The City is a DULA comprehensive plan to designate certain 9 163.3180(5)(b)2. of the EAR based however the County is areas as transportation concurrency Amendments not. exception areas. Section 4, Chapter 2009- 96, LOF. Allows a county that is not a dense urban land area to amend its comprehensive plan A to designate certain areas as 163.3180(5)(b)3. N/A - - transportation concurrency exception areas. Section 4, Chapter 2009-96, LOF. 105 Requires local governments with state identified transportation concurrency Will be addressed as part exception areas to adopt land use and 11 163.3180(5)(b)4. of the EAR based Part of the EAR analysis transportation strategies to support and Amendments fund mobility within such areas. Section 4, Chapter 2009-96, LOF. Except in transportation concurrency exception areas, local governments must adopt the level-of-service established by 12 the Department of Transportation for 163.3180(10) N/A - - roadway facilities on the Strategic Intermodal System. Section 4, Chapter 2009-96, LOF. Defines a backlogged transportation facility to be one on which the adopted level-of-service is exceeded by existing 163.3180(12)(b) & 13 N/A - - trips, plus additional projected (16)(i) background trips. Section 5, Chapter 2009-85, LOF. TABLE 16 – CHANGES TO CHAPTER 163, F.S. URBAN DESIGN STAFF ANALYZING MAJOR ISSUES The Evaluation and Appraisal Report provides a frank assessment of the Comprehensive Plan’s successes and shortcomings in handling the major planning issues over the last seven years. Based on this assessment, the EAR recommends corrective actions and new approaches to address the Plan’s shortcomings and to steer the community toward its long term vision. There have been numerous opportunities over the past few years for citizens to voice their concerns about the way the City is growing and more importantly, to express how they would like to see it grow. The Florida Statutes governing the EAR direct the local government to address major issues in the following manner: Identify the impacts of the issue (163.3191[e], F.S.) Assess whether objectives of the Plan as they pertain to major issues have been achieved (163.3191[g], F.S.) Discuss whether there have been changes in circumstances that were not anticipated and whether these changes resulted in either problems or opportunities for the community (163.3191[g], F.S.)and Identify actions or corrective measures, including plan amendments, that are anticipated to address the major issues (163.3191[i], F.S.) The City of Punta Gorda’s process of identifying major local issues began in July 2010 when the City held public workshops to discuss changes to the Comprehensive Plan. As a result of the public workshop, the City of Punta Gorda identified several issue outlined in Table 17. 107 City of Punta Gorda Evaluation and Appraisal Report Identified Major Issues Issue Source Major Issue Related Element & Comments 1) Development of supportive City Staff Yes Future Land Use: must encourage a pattern of development policies for a functional supportive of the non-auto transport. Transportation Element: Transportation Concurrency Ensure policies are supportive of a Transportation Concurrency Exemption Area (TCEA) Exception Area & the future development of a logical Mobility Plan. a) Density & Intensity City Staff Major Issue Future Land Use: Appropriate densities and intensities given Component existing and planned levels of Public Infrastructure b) Pattern of Land Uses City Staff Major Issue Future Land Use: location efficiency of pattern of land uses. Component Transportation Element: Identify strategies to increase pedestrian safety by promoting traffic calming alternative strategies. c) Outline a strategy for the City Staff Yes Transportation Element: A requirement of a Transportation development of a Mobility Plan Concurrency Exemption Area. c-1) Account for all City Staff Major Issue Transportation Element: Analyze all modes of auto, freight, bicycle, viable transportation modes Component pedestrian, neighborhood electric vehicles, air, rail, and transit and analyze potential future use within the TCEA. c-2) Include provisions Citizen Major Issues Future Land Use & Transportation Elements: Creation/existence of for future fixed route or Concern Component transit supportive land uses and bicycle/pedestrian networks circulator transit should guide system planning, timing, and development. d) Analysis of logical extents City Staff Yes Transportation Element: Address SB 360 and should be supportive of a Transportation Concurrency of the concepts outlined in HB 697 greenhouse emission reductions. Exemption Area d-1) Analysis of existing City Staff Major Issue Transportation Element: Develop baseline for Transportation & committed multi-modal Component Concurrency Exemption Area. transportation network d-2) Study Existing City Staff Major Issue Future Land Use & Transportation Elements: Proximity, availability, development pattern & Component connectivity/access, and balance of residential units to coordinate with FLU retail/workplace d-3) Coordinate City Staff Major Issue Future Land Use, Infrastructure, Intergovernmental Coordination, & w/Charlotte County in the Component Transportation Elements: Ensure coordination of existing and definition of the Transportation development plans in affected areas. Concurrency Area boundary. 2) Analysis of the energy City Staff Yes Examine all element policies to address HB 697 greenhouse efficiency alternatives emission reductions a) proximity of daily needs Citizen Major Issue Future Land Use: proximity of uses may reduce number of auto trips and workplaces to residential Concern Component and/or vehicle miles traveled. Transportation Element: Component of the new Mobility Plan. Recreation & Open Space: Connectivity between all major residential, commercial, and recreational areas through the completion of the City's Ring Around the City b) Study optimal commercial City Staff Major Issue Future Land Use: balance of residential units to retail/workplace intensity/residential densities Component potential Transportation Element: This will address a portion of the that are walkable, bicycle HB 697 requirements & may overlap w/ other issues discussed in friendly, and transit supportive Climate Adaptation and FLU. c) Sustainable food City Staff Yes Future Land Use: Increases in local food production could help production address concepts of HB 697. Recreation & Open Space Element: Implementation of GOP's identified in the recently adopted Parks & Recreation Master Plan. c-1) Develop Future Land City Staff Major Issue Future Land Use: Development is required only if analysis supports Use category suitable for local Component the creation due to the proximity of appropriate lands adjacency to food production the existing City Limits. 109 c-2) Support creation of Citizen Major Issue Future Land Use: Ensure no roadblocks exist to community garden community gardens Concern Component creation. Recreation & Open Space: Implementation of GOP's of the Parks & Recreation Master Plan. c-3) Study existing and City Staff Major Issue Future Land Use: May identify the need for strategies to annexation potential food production areas Component non-urban areas for food production area preservation in all of South Charlotte County 3) Analyze Climate City Staff Yes Staff will be reviewing the alternative strategies provided in The City Adaptation/Sea Level Rise of Punta Gorda's Climate Adaptation Plan which was approved by Strategies Council to be used in the EAR review. The goal will be to develop an action plan preparing Punta Gorda for future climate change. a) Review & evaluate the City Staff Major Issue Conservation & Coastal Management Elements: Review and add recommended adaptation Component policies to include factors that affect energy conservation. Housing strategies with regard to HB697 Element: Review strategies for future housing to include use of energy resources based on energy deficient design and construction. b) Explore City's future City Staff Major Issue Conservation & Coastal Management Elements: Review and directions regarding sea level Component consider strategies from the City of Punta Gorda's Climate rise, & reduction of greenhouse Adaptation Plan over the next planning decade. Seek strategies to gas emissions combat SLR effects on the City's shoreline. 4) Declining Tax Revenues and City Staff Yes Capital Improvement Element: How does the City maintain its LOS Budget Cutbacks and complete capital improvement projects with limited funding and budget cutbacks? TABLE 17 – SOURCE: CITY OF PUNTA GORDA URBAN DESIGN DIVISION 2010 Development of Supportive Policies for a Functional Transportation Concurrency Exemption Area (TCEA) The City’s current Comprehensive Plan calls for the exploration of alternative transportation concurrency methods to ensure that roadway construction and regional traffic demands do not impede the continued infill and redevelopment of the core areas of the City. The City has examined three strategies, a Transportation Concurrency Management Area (TCMA), a Multi-Modal Transportation District (MMTD), and a Transportation Concurrency Exception Area (TCEA). These strategies have various requirements and conditions that make them more or less applicable to the City. The three strategies are described below. Transportation Concurrency Management Area (TCMA) The establishment of a Transportation Concurrency Management Area (TCMA) can promote infill development. TCMA boundaries require careful delineation within a compact urban environment which has a highly connected transportation infrastructure with alternate routes and/or modes. Establishing a TCMA allows local governments to adopt an area-wide Level of Service (LOS) if the local government provides analysis describing how infill development will be facilitated and how travelers will meet their mobility needs within the TCMA. Multi-Modal Transportation Districts (MMTDs) Multi-Modal Transportation Districts (MMTDs) are geographic areas which also must be carefully defined. MMTDs are areas in which a local government establishes automobile travel as a secondary priority. The local government’s primary transportation priority in these areas is the movement of people on foot. Pedestrian activity is encouraged with a focus on safety and supporting amenities such as lighting, landscaping, building orientation and street furniture. Urban design and access to transit services are crucial in the establishment and successful operation of MMTDs. While Punta Gorda is very progressive in its urban design, the current lack of public transit services may preclude this option. 111 Transportation Concurrency Exception Areas (TCEAs) Transportation Concurrency Exception Areas (TCEAs) are geographic areas, also carefully defined, that promote infill, adaptive reuse and redevelopment activities. These areas are typically established where appropriate transportation infrastructure already exists and where travelers can reasonably use a number of travel modes. TCEAs can provide incentives to developers to build within their boundaries through opportunities for increased density, utilization of existing infrastructure and reduced need for parking and road building. These benefits to developers can discourage sprawl and influence the allocation of public investment funds. The tools above focus on the enhancement of the existing transportation system. Expansion of existing roadways is typically not considered or considered as a much lower priority. Enhancing existing infrastructure and mode choice for well defined geographic areas which have compact development patterns and a wide mixture of land uses in close proximity is a priority for the City of Punta Gorda. The City places a high priority on the enhancement of existing infrastructure and facilities for two reasons. The City is committed to creating a livable community through the development of a compact, contiguous mixture of land uses which are well connected. The City also must effectively invest and/or reinvest limited financial resources in public facilities which support the broader economy and facilitate a healthy, high quality lifestyle for Punta Gorda residents and visitors alike. To further the City’s goals, objectives and policies regarding compact, contiguous mixture of well connected land uses, the City will analyze the logical extents of a Transportation Concurrency Exception Area (TCEA) in lieu of the other two alternatives. This choice was significantly influenced by the Florida Legislature’s passage of Senate Bill 360 (SB 360) in 2009. This bill allowed areas identified as Dense Urban Land Areas (DULAs) to delineate Transportation Concurrency Exception Areas (TCEAs) through establishing and implementing mobility plans. To qualify as a DULA a jurisdiction’s density has to exceed 1,000 persons per square mile. As of the fourth quarter of 2010, Punta Gorda has an estimated full time population of over 17,000 persons and just over 15.6 square miles of land area. Thus, Punta Gorda’s estimated density is slightly below 1,100 persons per square mile which qualifies the City as a DULA. Although a challenge to SB 360 is underway in the courts, the legislation, coupled with House Bill 697 (HB 697) passed in 2008, which requires communities address energy efficiency and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions, provides guidance to the City to further explore the establishment of a TCEA and the development of a comprehensive mobility plan for the City. In order to successfully develop a TCEA, transportation and land uses must be considered in concert. Evaluation of a proposed TCEA should contain an analysis of the following: Land use densities and intensities Proximity of land uses to one another Connectivity of the existing transportation network Transportation mode options including facilities and frequency of service Future plans for funding services and infrastructure improvements The purpose of conducting this analysis is to determine if viable alternatives to automobile travel exists within specific geographic areas. If viable transportation alternatives exist within a proposed TCEA(s), then the City can take steps to further promote infill, adaptive reuse and redevelopment activities by strengthening land use connections and having appropriate land use densities and intensities. These factors also influence the City’s ability to generate tax revenue and thus the strategic allocation of limited financial resources. These issues were identified as minor issues related to developing supportive policies for a functional TCEA. Density & Intensity In order to develop, manage and operate a complete, cost effective multi-modal transportation system that facilitates the efficient movement of people and freight through and within the city, land uses must be balanced. A mix of nonresidential and residential uses (jobs, services and housing) should be located in close proximity to one another to encourage interactions 113 between uses; this type of area is commonly referred to as a livability center. Land use decisions should be continuously coordinated with transportation decisions and supported by the existing and proposed transportation network. The City currently supports and will continue to support densities and intensities that encourage livability centers where citizens have transportation modal choice and commercial options within close proximity to housing options. The City evaluated nonresidential intensities during their last update to the Comprehensive Plan. Moving forward, it is necessary to evaluate the City’s residential densities. As identified in the review of the Future Land Use Element, the successful implementation of a TCEA strategy will require establishing greater residential densities more consistent with those of a less auto-centric city. The City continues to support densities which will encourage walking and bicycling. These enhanced densities support place making and DOWNTOWN MARION AVENUE provide sufficient magnitude to support transit/circulator services through pedestrian trip BRICK REPAVING generation. Transit supportive densities within the City may reduce greenhouse gas emissions from both commuter and leisure travelers who currently use the automobile as the transportation mode of choice. Appropriate densities also benefit the City by reducing infrastructure expenditures on a per acre basis due to increased infrastructure utilization. Appropriate densities also offer a mix of housing types. Compact residential developments provide housing options for all of Punta Gorda’s citizens from young professionals to empty nesters. Compact residential areas allow the City to deliver essential services in both a timely and cost effective manner. Pattern of Land Uses Just as important as the density and intensity of land uses is the mix of land uses within and around a community. The pattern of land uses influences transportation decisions and vice versa. Typically, transportation is a derived demand. That is to say that residents travel between residential and nonresidential land uses to fulfill daily needs and not for the sake of travel itself. Greater distances between land uses limit modal choice and typically promote the use of the automobiles. These greater distances increase vehicle miles traveled, increase greenhouse gas emissions associated with combustion of fossil fuels, promote surface transportation congestion and increase the reliance on fuels imported from outside of the region which has adverse economic implications for the local economy. Modal choice is increased through a variety of municipal regulatory mechanisms which guide the pattern of land uses within the City. One important way Punta Gorda seeks to increase modal choice is by strongly encouraging both the horizontal and vertical integration of disparate yet complimentary land uses, residential and nonresidential as appropriate. The City uses ordinances and the Land Development Regulations to govern the physical layout of land parcels, easements and rights-of-way upon the urban landscape. These documents are implementation tools for the comprehensive plan and should provide specific rules which execute the policies contained in the Comprehensive Plan. The City realizes that some of these implementation tools, including chapters regarding Subdivision Regulations and Streets, may need modifications. Modifications to these chapters should include: Promotion and development of small blocks which increase the 2005 CITIZEN MASTER PLAN: connectivity of land uses. PLAN REDEVELOPMENT Development of transportation infrastructure which takes all users into 115 account not only automobiles. Promotion of land use connectivity for pedestrians and cyclists. Outline a Strategy for the Development of a Mobility Plan To appropriately coordinate land use decisions and effectively allocate public financial resources to transportation improvement projects within a TCEA, the development of a comprehensive mobility plan is required. A local government’s mobility plan is commonly defined as the strategies which support and fund mobility within a Transportation Concurrency Exception Area (TCEA) including alternative modes of transportation. Briefly, mobility plans examine existing conditions, provide principal findings and strategic areas of improvement, propose mobility or mitigation strategies, project results and finally address funding and implementation strategies. During the examination of existing conditions, the analysis identifies the study area boundaries, reviews of local, regional and state regulatory guidelines, performs an analysis of the multimodal environment and performs a transportation network analysis. This is the baseline data. Mobility planning efforts involve examining baseline travel data, including an accounting of all existing viable transportation modes and infrastructure. This baseline provides the starting point for population growth and growth in travel by mode projections. Mobility planning also sets monitoring activities at regularly scheduled intervals to measure the effectiveness of the local jurisdiction’s transportation strategies. Account for all viable transportation modes The City has made and continues to make every practical, financially feasible effort to account for all viable transportation modes. However, existing land uses must be taken into consideration. It is not practical to construct sidewalks connecting all low density residential neighborhoods to all nonresidential land use attractors. Nor is it financially feasible for a future transit system to provide service to scattered residential areas isolated from nonresidential land uses. Residential density and proximity of residential and nonresidential land uses are important factors influencing modal choice and practicality of providing transportation options. Transportation options become limited as distances increase between disparate land uses. The City’s goal is to increase modal choice for residents and visitors alike. This goal can only be realized through close coordination of transportation and land use decisions and quality urban design with a focus on place making. These coordinated decisions should continue to require the consideration of all viable transportation options. Consideration of all transportation modes is essential to creating a livable community. Accounting for all modes of transportation promotes modal choice for residents and visitors and creates many benefits for communities. Modal choice can: reduce the cost of transportation, which is especially important for low income families and housing affordability for these families increase physical activity which improves health and thus quality of life reduce greenhouse gas emissions decrease dependence on foreign oil reduce the vulnerability of the local economy to energy price increases All trips, even single occupancy personal automobile commuter trips, begin and end on foot except for those persons who are transportation disadvantaged. Recognizing this fact, it is important to consider the transportation network from a comprehensive, interrelated, multi-modal view. Travelers make trip planning decisions related to mode choice based upon a number of factors. Whether consciously or unconsciously, the traveler will always consider travel alternatives during trip planning. These 2005 CITIZEN MASTER PLAN: conscious or unconscious travel decisions are made through a quick PLAN TRAFFIC STUDY analysis of accessibility, convenience, and cost. In order to increase 117 opportunities for modal choice the City will examine the existing conditions related to the following transportation modes: Automobiles Automobiles are the dominant form of surface transportation in Southwest Florida and in the City of Punta Gorda. The vast majority of work and non-work trips are made by private automobiles. Automobiles will continue to serve the majority of the City’s population for some portion of their regular trip making. Through trips, made by automobiles along the US 41 and US 17 corridors will continue to be a significant challenge to Punta Gorda’s efforts to increase the walkability of the CRA as it is bisected by these one way pairs. Automobiles must be considered as part of the overall transportation system. However, the City will continue to emphasize improvements to alternate modes of travel in order to decrease dependence on the automobile as the sole viable modal option. Rail The Seminole Gulf Railway is the only railway service provider for the City of Punta Gorda and the Southwest Florida Region. Seminole Gulf Railway is a short-line railway operator that connects to the national railway network via CSX tracks in Arcadia, Florida located approximately 25 miles northeast of the City. At present the Seminole Gulf Rail line experiences limited demand due primarily to a lack of heavy industry in Southwest Florida. Designation of a TCEA and implementation of a comprehensive mobility plan will increase the need for collaboration between railway operators and the City’s s planning and transportation staff regarding public investment, increased use of alternative modes of transportation and increased need for pedestrian safety. SEMINOLE GULF RAILWAY Freight Trucking still dominates other forms of transportation in the delivery of freight. Freight delivery by truck is supported by Punta Gorda’s extensive, interconnected roadway network, which includes US 17, US 41, I-75, N Jones Loop Road and Burnt Store Road. The Punta Gorda Airport (PGD), which offers two regularly scheduled service carriers Allegiant Air and Direct Air, and general aviation services, is co-located with an industrial park and thus is well positioned to serve industrial park tenants’ needs for high value freight transport. While Punta Gorda rests on the banks of the Peace River which flows into Charlotte Harbor, the harbor is not a deepwater port and thus does not support freight shipments. The Seminole Gulf Railway is the only railway service provider for the Southwest Florida Region. The rail line runs within a couple of miles of the Punta Gorda airport and passes under I-75 and US 17 prior to running parallel to US 41 through the southern extent of the City of Punta Gorda. Seminole Gulf Railway is a short-line railway operator that connects to the national railway network via CSX tracks in Arcadia, Florida located approximately 25 miles northeast of the City. Map 11 delineates the extensive freight network in the Punta Gorda Area. MAP 11 - FREIGHT MAP Designation of a TCEA and implementation of a comprehensive mobility plan will increase the need for collaboration between freight 119 transporters and the City’s planning and transportation staff. Balancing pedestrian/bicycle safety and freight movements, finding ways to maximize the utilization of non-truck freight movement, and increasing public investment in these alternative modes of transportation will be prime areas of future collaboration and planning. Bicycle Following national trends, the City has seen interest in bicycling grow in recent years. Due to this growing interest and as a strategic decision to enhance Punta Gorda’s standing as a boating destination of choice, the City is investing heavily in bicycle supportive infrastructure and programs. Through the Ring Around the City project, the City intends to connect all major neighborhoods to each other and to all activity centers. The Ring Around the City will serve as the arterial system for a fully integrated bicycle/pedestrian transportation network. In recognition of this effort, the City of Punta Gorda received Honorable Mention from the League of American Bicyclists on City’s 2010 application for Bicycle Friendly Community. On the programmatic front, the grassroots community group TEAM Punta Gorda partnered with the City of Punta Gorda and the local business community to implement the first bicycle loaner MAP 12 – BICYCLE ROUTE MAP program in the State of Florida. The program allows tourists and residents to borrow bicycles from three locations within the CRA and return them during daylight hours. The program primarily serves leisure travelers; however, it does reduce vehicle miles traveled (VMT) and increases the awareness of alternate modes of travel within the City. Designation of a TCEA and implementation of a comprehensive mobility plan will generate pressure to maintain existing bicycle facilities and provide public investment to expand the bicycle transportation network and increase safety measures. Map 12 identifies the existing and future bike routes available for the City’s residents and tourists. Pedestrian With Punta Gorda’s continued emphasis on quality urban design and compact and contiguous development, the City will seek to increase pedestrian activity through development of pedestrian corridors and connections, as shown on Map 13. The City currently has representation on the MPO’s Bicycle and Pedestrian Advisory Committee and continues to prioritize funding for sidewalk facilities and search for grant opportunities to enhance existing sidewalks with landscaping, lighting and street furniture. The City would like to take additional steps including traffic calming and other innovative techniques to increase pedestrian safety in the CRA, particularly crossing the US 41 and US 17 one way pairs. Designation of a TCEA and implementation of a comprehensive mobility plan will increase the MAP 13 – PEDESTRIAN MAP need for collaboration between the MPO, FDOT, other stakeholders and 121 the City’s planning and transportation staff regarding public investment, increased use of alternative modes of transportation and increased need for pedestrian safety. Neighborhood Electric Vehicles Also known as Low Speed Vehicles, Neighborhood Electric Vehicles (NEVs) have four wheels, a top speed of no more than 25 miles per hour and a gross vehicle weight rating of less than 3,000 pounds. While these vehicles are seldom observed in Punta Gorda, the street network and speed limit of most streets present an almost ideal environment for the operation of these vehicles. Widespread adoption of these vehicles could provide a local, short trip alternative to the private automobile, enhance tourism and provide much notoriety for the City. The City may consider future ordinances which align speed requirements of transportation facilities in the CRA and other areas as appropriate with NEV requirements. Designation of a TCEA and implementation of a comprehensive mobility plan will increase the need for collaboration between the MPO, FDOT and other stakeholders and the City’s planning and transportation staff regarding public investment and safety concerns related to NEVs. Map 14 identifies the potential NEV routes available within the City boundaries. MAP 14 – POTENTIAL NEV’S MAP Transit Neither the City nor Charlotte County currently has a fixed route transit system. As detailed on Map 15, Charlotte County’s initial fixed route transit service proposal, the County recently considered the following routes and stops for future service within both the City and the County. While Charlotte County’s initial plan does not include service to either Fisherman’s Village or the Punta Gorda Airport, these two areas are significant hubs of activity for Punta Gorda visitors and residents. Fisherman’s Village is a tourist area with a number of retail shops and eateries. The Airport experiences significant variations in surface transportation volumes which correspond to flight arrivals and departures. These areas, along with other activity centers within Punta Gorda, should be considered as stops on a fixed route transit system or as stops on a local circulator system as transit services in Charlotte MAP 15 – PROPOSED CHARLOTTE COUNTY FIXED ROUTE TRANSIT (2009) County and Punta Gorda are developed. The City has taken steps to identify major activity centers. The initial activity centers identified are the downtown, the medical district, Fishermen’s Village within the CRA, and the airport located just outside the current City Limits. Further refinement of nodes with appropriate land use mixes will establish priority areas for the establishment of a more interconnected transportation network including the location of future transit service. The refined inventory of activity centers will allow the City to examine which nodes currently support the park once strategy and those that 123 need land use modifications to support the strategy. Identified nodes should be examined for connectivity with other nodes, land uses and circulation within the node itself. Designation of a TCEA and implementation of a comprehensive mobility plan will increase the need for collaboration between Charlotte County, a future transit agency, the MPO and the City’s s planning and transportation staff regarding public investment, service routes, service headways and increased need for pedestrian safety. “Ring Around the City” The City is also working to promote connecting the waterfront to the other land uses and surface transportation options within the City. The City has created a multi-modal path known as the “Ring Around the City”, Map 16. This pathway system, shown below, MAP 16 – RING AROUND THE CITY MAP will serve as the “arterial” spine for a feeder system of bicycle and pedestrian facilities that will ultimately connect all the neighborhoods of the City to each other and to the primary activity centers. Air The Punta Gorda Airport has made amazing strides since 2008. The airport currently has two regularly scheduled service carriers: Allegiant Air and Direct Air. Allegiant Air connects Punta Gorda to five regional airports: Knoxville, TN, Greenville – Spartanburg, SC, Lexington, KY, Greensboro, NC, and Grand Rapids, MI. Direct Air connects Punta Gorda to eight regional airports: Kalamazoo, MI, Niagara Falls, NY, Worcester, MA, Toledo, OH, Allentown, PA, Plattsburg, NY, Rockford, IL, and Springfield – Central, IL. The airport also offers general aviation services including flight training and hangar storage for personal aircraft. The airport is collocated with an industrial park and thus is well positioned to serve industrial park tenants’ business travel needs and high value freight needs. It should be noted that the Punta Gorda Airport is outside of the municipal boundaries of the City of BAILEY TERMINAL - PUNTA GORDA Punta Gorda; however it is within the City’s Utility Service Area and the Annexation Study Area defined in the Comprehensive Plan. Designation of a TCEA and implementation of a comprehensive mobility plan will increase the need to provide improved connectivity to the airport through the use of alternative modes of transportation. Include Provisions for Fixture Fixed Route or Circulatory Transit The basis of a financially feasible transit system is appropriate land use densities and intensities. The City has worked diligently to be transit ready and continues to encourage transit supportive land uses with a connected multi-modal transportation network (as illustrated by the “Ring Around the City”). The existence of transit supportive land uses and bicycle/pedestrian networks will contribute to and guide system planning, timing, and development. However, factors beyond the control of the City affect availability of transit service within the City and surrounding communities. Punta Gorda has worked closely with and continues to work closely with Charlotte County and the Charlotte County-Punta Gorda Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) in planning for transit options which connect points within the City to destinations in the broader region. Charlotte County does not currently provide fixed route transit and has deferred implementation that had been planned according to the MPO’s adopted Transit Development Plan in recent years. The City currently does not have 125 sufficient resources to develop such a system on its own. Instead, the City receives service through the Charlotte County Dial-a- Ride system. In recent months, Charlotte County has considered fixed route transit for select locations within the County including locations within the City of Punta Gorda. County Staff confirmed that the issue of fixed route transit will be considered again by the Charlotte County Board of County Commissioners in 2011. Map 17 presents potential transit routes and stops contemplated by the MPO long range transportation plan. While lack of a fixed route transit system can limit modal choice, the City’s planning activities have created a supportive environment for future transit services. The City will continue to revise Comprehensive Plan policies to explicitly encourage transit supportive development. Much of the urban design and infrastructure that facilitates a cost effective, efficient transit system also supports walkability, bikeability and liveability within a community. Punta Gorda continues to support compact urban design that mixes land uses and enhances the pedestrian experience. Public facilities such as bikeways and pedestrian ways are a primary focus of transportation improvements within the City. Even with the establishment of fixed route transit at the County level, modal choice may MAP 17 – CHARLOTTE COUNT-PUNTA GORDA MPO LONG RANGE TRANSPORTATION PLAN need to be supplemented within or between TRANSIT NEEDS MAP the major activity nodes in the City with a circulator transit program. The City has had some success with a seasonal privately run trolley. This service is for hire and typically runs during the cooler winter months when the population of Southwest Florida swells with seasonal visitors. The City has already expressed interest in developing a viable circulator transit program based on the long term goal of providing increased connectivity with the CRA. A circulator transit program could provide another modal choice for residents and visitors and support the overall mobility and livability of the community. Analysis of Logical Extents of a Transportation Concurrency Exemption Area Transportation Concurrency Exception Areas (TCEAs) are carefully defined geographic areas that promote infill, adaptive reuse and redevelopment activities. These areas are typically established where appropriate transportation infrastructure already exists and where travelers can reasonably use a variety of travel modes. TCEAs, by virtue of their existing infrastructure, may provide an incentive to developers. The establishment of a TCEA can incentivize compact and contiguous development discouraging suburban sprawl and reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector. This choice was significantly influenced by the Florida Legislature’s passage of Senate Bill 360 (SB 360) in 2009. This bill allowed areas identified as Dense Urban Land Areas (DULAs), which were defined as having more than 1,000 persons to the square mile, to delineate TCEAs through establishing and implementing mobility plans. Punta Gorda qualifies as a DULA. It should be noted that a challenge to SB 360 is currently underway in the courts. However, the City recognizes the creation of a TCEA and its prerequisite Mobility Plan will support the City’s established Transportation and Future Land Use Goals. The establishment of a TCEA is a viable tool the City could use to address some of the statutory requirements introduced into law by House Bill 697 (HB 697). HB 697, which was passed in 2008, requires comprehensive plans to address energy efficiency in land use and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector. Given the City’s compact size, a viable TCEA may include portions of the unincorporated County. In order to maximize the value of any proposed TCEA special consideration should be given to unincorporated areas to determine if existing or emerging activity 127 centers exist which have a high degree of trip ends from the City of Punta Gorda. This analysis may recommend intergovernmental coordination of the proposed TCEA. Analysis of existing & committed multi-modal transportation network The first step in conducting the analysis of the existing and committed multi-modal transportation network is inventorying activity centers and determining whether or not these locations are transit supportive. The City will utilize previous reports generated by the MPO and Charlotte County regarding this data collection. After these locations have been identified, the transportation network should be overlaid on a map of the City that identifies the activity centers. Because the City is entirely surrounded by Charlotte County, consideration should be given to activity centers located in the County which are of significant magnitude and proximate to transportation facilities which connect to the City within the average commute time as defined by the US Census Bureau. This will provide important background data and a better understanding of connectivity and distance separating activity centers and land uses. Areas determined to have sufficient magnitude (densities and intensities), an appropriate mix of land uses, transportation network connectivity, and transportation infrastructure which supports modal choice will be considered for future designation as a Transportation Concurrency Exception Area. This exercise should be performed in conjunction with the update of the Five-Year Alternative Transportation Capital Improvement Program. Study Existing development pattern & coordinate with FLU As a part of the last round of comprehensive plan amendments, the City of Punta Gorda determined maximum commercial intensity levels through the establishment of floor area ratio (FAR) for every mixed use and nonresidential Future Land Use category. Baseline data is essential in establishing a benchmark from which to measure future advancement toward established goals. Further analysis of the City’s existing land uses will refine base densities and intensities that are minimally transit supportive. Analysis of the City’s existing land uses may lead to land use revisions or new ideas about better connecting land uses. Land use connectivity goals should also be established. The City will seek to increase the connectivity of parcels with adjacent parcels where appropriate. The City shall also seek to strengthen connections between neighborhood goods and services and proximate residential land uses. Connectivity goals will provide guidance for new development and redevelopment activities and further solidify the City’s desire to promote modal choice through a high degree of connectivity between nonresidential and residential land uses (jobs and housing). Connectivity should consider specific measures of transportation infrastructure by mode including lane miles of roadways, linear feet of sidewalks, linear feet of bikeways, width of travel ways, intersection spacing, number of intersections per square mile, future fixed route transit routes and transfer facilities and rail lines and terminals. Operational characteristics of the transportation infrastructure should also be analyzed including volumes and level of service standards. The City will continue to encourage an appropriate mix of residential and nonresidential land uses which support transportation investment decisions. Coordinate w/Charlotte County in the definition of the Transportation Concurrency Area boundary. To establish a TCEA, the logical geographic boundaries must be determined. As stated previously, TCEAs are typically established where appropriate transportation infrastructure already exists and where travelers can reasonably use a variety of travel modes. Modal and/or transportation network connectivity, land use densities and intensities and proximity of residential and nonresidential land uses may also be considered in the establishment of a TCEA’s logical geographic boundaries. It may be helpful to establish zones within the TCEA based upon activity centers, nodes, CRAs, major employment centers, large shopping districts and/or major transportation terminals or hubs. This will serve to align TCEA implementation with goals related to economic development, affordable housing, energy efficiency, sustainability and livability. Due to the relatively small land area of the City it is possible that this analysis will recommend a TCEA boundary that would include portions of unincorporated Charlotte County and properties controlled by the Airport Authority. In this case close coordination with both of these entities through the Charlotte County-Punta Gorda MPO or some other appropriate venue will be required for successful implementation. Close coordination amongst stakeholders may be required for decisions related to the 129 following: land use planning, transportation planning including fixed route transit planning and waterborne transportation planning, corridor preservation, the Punta Gorda Airport, multi-modal transfer facilities, rail and freight planning, future annexation areas, the Charlotte Harbor CRA, and the proposed Medical District CRA located in Charlotte County. Analysis of the Energy Efficiency Alternatives During the 2008 legislative session, the Florida Legislature passed HB 697. A part of HB 697 addressed the need to consider energy uses and greenhouse gas emissions resulting from land development decisions. This new addition to the statutes requires the City to introduce new language related to energy efficiency and greenhouse gas emissions in the Future Land Use, Conservation, Housing, and Transportation Elements of the Comprehensive Plan. The City may be able to address this new requirement through the strengthening of existing policies which support compact, contiguous development with appropriate densities and intensities that incorporate a high degree of connectivity. Strengthened policies will provide support for City’s goal of establishing a TCEA. The establishment of a TCEA further supports HB 697’s requirement to address energy efficiency by the creation of a geographic area within the City that will encourage multi-modal transportation. The creation of a mobility plan will provide the guidelines for implementing the TCEA and measurement techniques to evaluate the effectiveness of the program. Together the TCEA and mobility plan address the statutory requirement to “incorporate transportation strategies to address reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector.” Proximity of Daily Needs and Workplaces to Residential An analysis of the proximity of daily needs and major employers to residential developments will be a major component of the Mobility Plan. The City recognizes the impact scattered low density residential developments have on energy consumption and the ability of the City to provide services efficiently and economically. Once the analysis of the proximity of daily needs and workplaces to residential has been completed as a part of the Mobility Plan, the City can take appropriate steps to strengthen policies which encourage the development of proximate land uses and discourage energy intensive low density residential developments. Coordinated land use and transportation decisions that promote compact vertically and/or horizontally mixed use development reduce vehicle miles traveled (VMT) thereby reducing greenhouse gas emissions. To encourage coordinated decisions which prioritize land use decisions that reduce VMT and are consistent with the intent of the HB 697 legislation, the City will analyze geographic areas to determine the logical extents of a Transportation Concurrency Exception Area (TCEA), eventual designation of a TCEA, and the development of the TCEA implementing tool, the mobility plan. Study Optimal Commercial Intensity/Residential Densities that are Walkable, Bicycle Friendly, and Transit Supportive This effort will address requirements of HB 697 including the discouragement of suburban sprawl through energy efficient land use patterns. These land use patterns will be energy efficient primarily due to residential and non-residential land uses being located in close proximity to one another and benefitting from excellent multi-modal connectivity. The City evaluated nonresidential intensities during their last update to the Comprehensive Plan. Moving forward, it is necessary to evaluate the City’s residential densities in terms of scale and proximity to existing intensities in the built environment and commercial intensity maximums established in the Future Land Use Element. As identified in the review of the Future Land Use Element, the successful implementation of a TCEA strategy will require establishing greater residential densities more consistent with those of a less auto-centric city. The City continues to support densities which will encourage walking and bicycling. These enhanced densities support place making and provide sufficient magnitude to support transit/circulator services through pedestrian trip generation. Once comparisons have been made, the City can further refine existing strategies which foster the continued transition from existing densities to densities and intensities which are more supportive of modal choice. 131 Sustainable Food Production The City of Punta Gorda recognizes a citizen driven desire for local food. Three farmer’s markets operating on three separate market days have been established in the past 3 years. Despite the fact that Florida’s agricultural industry represents a close to 7 billion dollars (2006) annually of the State’s economy second only to tourism, there are a small number of locally produced products available. Across the State agricultural and rural lands have been under intense pressure from suburban sprawl and international competition. Fallow fields and abandoned citrus groves are found throughout Southwest Florida including areas immediately outside the current City Limits. These areas represent a tremendous opportunity to reduce our regional greenhouse gas emissions by balancing the MAP 18 – EXISTING CHARLOTTE COUNTY ARGICULTURE ZONING MAP local economy with agricultural jobs by incentivizing local food production. Once upon a time in Florida citrus and truck farms supplied the coastal population centers with all the fresh produce while cattle and poultry supplemented seafood as the primary protein source for the population. The land for agriculture is largely intact in South Charlotte County. Unlike our regional neighbors this land has not as yet been planted with the final crop of tract homes and strip malls. These lands therefore represent an economic opportunity in the long term for a regionally significant local food production reserve area in South Charlotte County as shown on Map 18. The challenge is to find ways to discourage suburban sprawl in the short term and provide viable incentives for the productive use of these lands. Develop Future Land Use Category Suitable for Local Food Production City Punta Gorda has not had an Agricultural Future Land Use Category as evidenced by Map 19. This has been appropriate as the City is primarily focused on infill and redevelopment to maximize the utilization of existing infrastructure. However, over the past few years there has been a growing interest in local food and local food production at the national level. This national interest is evident in the City of Punta Gorda by the success of the three Farmers Markets that operate in the City and the growing interest in community gardening. The development of a Future Land Use Category suitable for local food production will provide greater flexibility for the City to meet citizen needs, as well as a method for preserving adjacent rural lands from suburban sprawl. In order to craft an effective new land use category the City needs to analyze the existing future land uses within the City and the surrounding South Charlotte County area. Additionally, the City will explore policies to support the creation of community gardens within the City. MAP 19 – FUTURE LAND USE MAP 133 Support Creation of Community Gardens In the past few years a number of organizations have approached the City about the creation of community gardens. The most recent effort has been spearheaded by the grassroots community group TEAM Punta Gorda. TEAM Punta Gorda performed an exhaustive search for a suitable location within the City for available land for a community garden. In the end TEAM Punta Gorda partnered with Charlotte County Community Services Department at South County Regional Park for the location for the first community garden, literally right across the street from the City Limits. The City needs to explore its existing Comprehensive Plan, Land Development Regulations, and other regulations to ensure that there are no regulatory impediments to the future creation of community gardens. Additionally WEEKEND FARMER'S MARKET IN DOWNTOWN the City will explore policies that support or incentivize local food production in general and community gardens in particular. Study existing and potential food production areas in all of South Charlotte County While the interest in local food production may be strong, opportunities to produce food within the existing City Limits may be quite limited. As evidenced by the recent TEAM Punta Gorda experience with creating the first community garden, finding land that is available and suitable for food production is quite challenging within the City Limits. There are large areas just outside the current City Limits of undeveloped land that may be suitable for local food production. The City will study existing food production areas in South Charlotte County. This data will provide the basis for identifying additional lands that may be suitable for local food production. The end result should be a map which will provide an additional layer of information for the community serving potential of future annexations. Analyze Climate Adaptation/Sea Level Rise Strategies Climate change is caused by the accumulation of greenhouse gases in the lower atmosphere. The global concentration of these gases is increasing, in large part due to human activities, such as the combustion of fossil fuels (which release carbon dioxide) and deforestation (because forests remove carbon from the atmosphere). The atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide, the main greenhouse gas, has increased by 30 percent since preindustrial times. Greater energy efficiency and new technologies may hold the answer to reducing greenhouse gases and mitigating effects of this global challenge. Many scientists estimate that global mean surface temperature will continue to rise by 2100. The actual amount of increase, however, is dependent on the modeling used. In the 2009 Comprehensive Southwest Florida/Charlotte Harbor Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment, Technical Report 09-3 focuses on literature from Stanton and Ackerman (2007) which show a set of future climate extremes. The first is a response by humans (Rapid stabilization case) to reduce greenhouse gases and the second is a no response scenario (Business-as-usual case). Table 18 identifies the scenario changes. Two Other Alternate Future Climate Scenarios for Florida 2025 2050 2075 2100 Annual Average Temperature (in degrees Fahrenheit above year 2000 temperature) Rapid Stabilization Case 0.6 1.1 1.7 2.2 Business-as-Usual Case 2.4 4.9 7.3 9.7 Sea Level Rise in Florida (in inches above year 2000 elevation) Rapid Stabilization Case 1.8 3.5 5.3 7.1 Business-as-Usual Case 11.3 22.6 34 45.3 TABLE 18 – SOURCE: STANTON & ACKERMAN 2007 TABLES ES-2 135 Also reviewed in the 2009 Comprehensive Southwest Florida/Charlotte Harbor Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment were with projections of the International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), an organization established by the United Nations Environment Program and the United Nation’s World Meteorological Organization. Because the scenario’s presented in the IPCC’s Fourth Assessment Report (2007) exclude some of the key facts, “feedback mechanisms that could accelerate the melting of the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets”, these projections are thought to be conservative. The same report states that with “Large changes in TIDAL FLAP ON STORMDRAIN PITFALL IN A TIDAL CANAL precipitation, both increases and decreases are forecast, largely in the tropics. Climate change is very likely to affect the frequency and intensity of weather events, such as storms and floods, around the world. Climate change will also cause sea level rise due to the thermal expansion of the oceans and the melting of the mountain glaciers and other land based ice masses. Global mean sea level is anticipated to rise by 6 inches (15 centimeters) to 3 feet (95 centimeters) by 2100. Sea level rise will increase vulnerability to coastal flooding and storm surges. The faster the climate change the greater the risk of damage to the environment. Climatic zones (and thus ecosystems and agricultural zones) could shift toward the poles by 150 to 550 kilometers by 2100. Many ecosystems may decline or fragment and individual species may become extinct. The IPCC Second Assessment, 2007, report concludes that climate change has probably already begun.” Regardless of the forecasts, the fact remains that Southwest Florida is one of the most vulnerable areas in the world to the consequences of climate change especially sea level rise and increased tropical storm activity and severity. Some degree of future climate change will occur regardless of future greenhouse gas emissions. Adapting to or coping with climate change will therefore become necessary in certain regions and for certain socioeconomic and environmental systems. The need for adaptation may be increased by growing populations in areas vulnerable to extreme events. However, according to the IPCC, “adaptation alone is not expected to cope with all the projected effects of climate change, and especially not over the long term as most impacts increase in magnitude.” The City, consisting of approximately thirty (30) square miles of land and water, is surrounded by Charlotte Harbor and the Peace River to the north and northwest. Its’ western boundary is protected by the Charlotte Harbor State Buffer Preserves. South and east the City abuts the Charlotte County South Planning District which consists of a variety of land uses. Flat with natural elevations between 4 and 10 feet above sea level, the City is subject to periodic flooding which can result from tropical storm events, and from prolonged periods of heavy rains. This low elevation and proximity to the Charlotte Harbor make the City vulnerable to sea level rise. Given these conditions particular attention is necessary in managing the City’s coastal attributes. CITY OF PUNTA GORDA Realizing the potential impacts from high tides and heavy rainfall events, the City began planning for climate adaptation changes and sea level rise during the last EAR based amendment cycle. To begin proactively planning for potential impacts of sea level rise and to enhance the City’s resiliency to tropical storm and other flood events, the City adopted Comprehensive Plan language directly related to Sea Level Rise. Objective 2.4.2 of the Conservation and Coastal Management Element of the City of Punta Gorda’s Comprehensive Plan 2025 states that the City “Address the impacts of sea level rise, and seeks strategies to combat its effects on the shoreline of the City” Policy (22.214.171.124) requires that “The City will work with the SWFRPC to determine potential sea level rise impacts on the Coastal Planning Area”. With the entire City within the coastal planning area as defined by the state, a large portion of City’s existing infrastructure network of roads and bridges, water lines, and sewer lines occur within the Coastal High Hazard Area (CHHA). This is consistent with the City’s historical 137 development and platting patterns which tended to locate communities near the coastline and major surface water bodies (a practice in common throughout history of human habitation in Florida.) Because of this, most of the City’s other forms of critical infrastructure facilities such as schools, fire stations, libraries, government buildings, and hospitals, also occur in this area. Maps 20, 21, & 22 illustrate the location of such infrastructure relative to the hurricane vulnerability zones established by the Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council. Since there are no options for the City to relocate these infrastructure elements, the City remains committed to improving and maintaining the level of service and implementing the best building, management and technological principles when improvements are required to mitigate vulnerability. MAP 20 – PORTABLE WATER INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE CHHA MAP MAP 22 – ROAD INFRASTRUCTURE IN THE CHHA MAP MAP 21 – SANITARY SEWER IN THE CHHA MAP 139 City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan Adoption of a comprehensive plan policy (126.96.36.199) which requires “The City will work with the SWFRPC to determine potential sea level rise impacts on the Coastal Planning Area”, enabled the City to partner with the Charlotte Harbor National Estuary Program (CHNEP) and the Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council (SWFRPC) on a Climate Adaptation Plan specific to Punta Gorda. CHNEP is one of six National Estuary Programs selected by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for the Climate Ready Estuaries program. This program focuses on “how changes to the climate could impact local environment and what adaptations are available to minimize or avoid negative effects of these climatological changes.” The grant received by the CHNEP was specific to a Vulnerability Assessment and an Adaptation Plan. Both are explained below. Vulnerability: The Vulnerability Assessment, completed in 2009, examined current climate and ongoing climate change for the Charlotte Harbor region. Five future scenarios of climate change were studied for the area, which included the City of Punta Gorda. The scenarios ranged from no action taken to address climate change to mitigation options utilized to reduce the human influence on climate change (Stanton and Ackerman 2007) and a 5%, 50% and 90% probable future predicted by the IPCC. This report assessed potential climate changes and their effects of those changes on things such as sea level, hydrology, land use changes, infrastructure and the economy. Adaptation: After the Vulnerability Assessment was completed for the Charlotte Harbor Region, CHNEP had to identify a partner to develop a specific Adaptation Plan. With an adopted policy in place to examine the potential risks of sea level rise, the City of Punta Gorda became the natural partner for CHNEP and the Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council (SWFRPC). On December 17, 2008, the Punta Gorda City Council voted unanimously to participate in this project. The CHNEP Staff conducted three (3) workshops to establish a community dialog about adaptation to the climate change scenarios. The workshops consisted of brief presentations and a series of interactive public participation games designed by CHNEP to draw out citizen input in an effort to derive vulnerabilities, adaptation options, and priorities specific to the citizens concerns and needs. The top vulnerability results from the participants are listed below. These are the areas the CHNEP and SWFRPC focused on resulting in the City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan. Seagrass protection and restoration; Xeriscaping/native plant landscaping; Comprehensive plan to show which areas will retain natural shorelines; CITY OF PUNTA GORDA Constrain locations for certain high risk infrastructure; CLIMATE ADAPTATIONPLAN Restrict fertilizer use; Promote green building alternatives through education, taxing incentives, green lending; and Drought preparedness planning. As described in the completed document, climate change may include changes, which may include more drought, less availability of potable water, sea level rise, shorter winter seasons, higher humidity, higher maximum temperatures, more hot days and heat waves, and increased precipitation including heavy and extreme precipitation events, and increased tropical cyclonic storm frequency and intensity, all of which may have an effect on the City. It is important to re-iterate, although the science involved in climate change is still evolving, proactive adaptation planning represents the conservative approach to mitigate the potential effects of climate change. The City’s adaptation planning can 141 include preventative measures that allow the City to do its part to slow the progression of and to proactively pursue mitigation measures to reduce the local effects of climate change. The Plan underwent public, City staff, and City Council member review and was accepted by Council on November 18, 2009. Review & Evaluate the Recommended Adaptation Strategies with Regard to HB697 The Florida Legislature enacted House Bill 697 (HB697) in the 2008 session. HB697 established new local planning requirements relating to energy efficient land use patterns, transportation strategies to address greenhouse gas reductions, energy conservation, and energy efficient housing. These new requirements became effective on July 1, 2008. Local governments need to address the connection among land use, transportation, energy, and the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions; however, with ongoing delays in the adoption of changes to 9-J5 Florida Administrative Code, there is no clear guidance as to how local governments are expected to comply with the legislation at this time. Although specific requirements for implementation have not been developed by the state, the City’s current planning efforts already include encouraging more compact development, creating multimodal transportation opportunities, encouraging less dependence on the use of the automobile, and promoting transit supportive development patterns. In addition the City already encourages management and conservation of natural resources in their continuing efforts to promote a walkable and long-term sustainable community, which efficiently uses its natural resources. The existing Comprehensive Plan contains many policies promoting and requiring the City to implement energy efficient directives. As the requirements become more defined, the City will incorporate and address those that specifically apply and are financially feasible to the City of Punta Gorda’s long-term sustainable growth. Land Use Through the updating of the Future Land Use Element, the City will be reviewing land use pattern with transportation strategies to address greenhouse gas reductions in preparation of a Mobility Plan. Through the element policies, the City will continue to promote compact development in close proximity to existing development, high density land uses to create pedestrian and bicycle friendly environments. These higher densities, infill, redeveloped and mixed use walkable areas will be transit supportive. As the Land Use strategies and policies increase the attractiveness of alternative modes of travel a decline in energy consumption should be realized through a reduction in per capita vehicle miles traveled. With the City’s location to Charlotte Harbor, development away from the water is challenging. A large percentage of the City lies within Coastal High Hazard Area. With average natural elevations ranging between 4 and 8 feet above current sea level the City’s must proactively plan for sea level rise. Transportation Through the updating of the Transportation Element, the City will be reviewing land use pattern and transportation strategies to address greenhouse gas reductions in preparation of a Mobility Plan. Through the element policies, the City will continue to promote compact development in close proximity to existing development, high density land uses encouraging pedestrian friendly strategies, bicycle use and potential transit use by promoting higher densities, transit oriented and development of mixed use and clustering of uses. Through these strategies and policies a decline in energy consumption reduction of vehicle miles travelled and its associated greenhouse emissions should occur. The City is also exploring the use of Neighborhood Electric Vehicles (NEV’s) as an alternative mode of transportation. NEVs have four wheels, a top speed of no more than 25 miles per hour and a gross vehicle weight rating of less than 3,000 pounds. While these vehicles are seldom observed in Punta Gorda, the street network and speed limit of most streets present an almost ideal environment for the operation of these vehicles. Widespread adoption of these vehicles could provide a local, short trip alternative to the private automobile, enhance tourism and provide much UTILITIES DEPARTMENT: NEV USED FOR METER READING notoriety for the City. The City may consider future ordinances which align speed requirements of transportation facilities in the CRA and other areas as appropriate 143 with NEV requirements. Designation of a TCEA and implementation of a comprehensive mobility plan will increase the need for collaboration between the MPO, FDOT and other stakeholders and the City’s planning and transportation staff regarding public investment and safety concerns related to NEVs. The City is utilizing centralized facilities to videoconference a number of their IT meetings as well as planning conferences when available. The City also utilizes opportunities with the Charlotte County Building and Growth Management Departments when the opportunities present themselves. This method of conducting business through the use of improved technologies allows for both residents and employees minimize travel and thereby reduce the total number of vehicle miles traveled. This concept may be utilized to develop planning strategies to reduce travel demand and shift travel demand to transportation modes that have the lowest carbon output. Energy Conservation The City utilizes the Florida Building Code Standards and support the LEED Rating System and other similar systems that show proven results in energy conservation compared to conventional methods and codes. Energy Efficient Housing The Housing Element provides a range of housing development opportunities throughout the City. Increased densities in appropriate locations within specific zoning designations decrease commuting time thereby decreasing greenhouse gas emissions. As the City’s population increases, the need for private vehicle trips associated with job commute will be reduced. Explore City's Future Directions Regarding Sea Level Rise, & Emission of Greenhouse Gases The City is reviewing the sea level rise (SLR) data, associated impacts, and possible adaptation strategies prepared by Charlotte Harbor National Estuary Preserve (CHNEP) and Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council (SWFRPC) in the City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan. The next step is to develop the spatial and temporal context for sea-level rise adaptation planning in the City based on the City’s relative vulnerability to SLR. This will then establish a “Vulnerability Area”. This area will be divided into three (3) zones each identifying an appropriate set of strategies based on existing conditions and anticipated SLR impacts. These zones will generally be defined as: protection, accommodation and managed relocation. Protection Protection refers to shoreline stabilizing of hardening techniques, such as seawalls and riprap that attempt to maintain a static shoreline position. In a sea level rise (SLR) scenario this may also include diking and/or filling keep pace with SLR. Protection may be financially feasible in the short-term for areas with highly developed infrastructure and extensive private development which would carry prohibitively expensive relocation and/or rebuild costs. Accommodation Accommodation considers a range of policy tools that emphasize maintaining and adapting components of the built environment to periodic and permanent inundation over time. An accommodation policy may emphasize retention and expansion of existing and potential floodways to manage flooding and to facilitate coastal ecosystem migration through POTENTIAL ADAPTATION STRATEGIES FOR CITY REVIEW and around the built environment. 145 Managed Relocation Managed Relocation reduces vulnerability in the built environment and preserves coastal ecosystems through changes in land use and the orderly abandonment and/or landward relocation of structures and associated infrastructure. There are both advantages and disadvantages with this goal. Advantages include promotion of ecosystem migration; minimization of threats to humans; and long term financial sustainability. However, these recommendations may be politically problematic to implement; maybe subject to legal challenges and may bring up relocation issues. Under each of these any of the proposed actions could be evaluated for cost and effectiveness in a matrix similar to Table 19. In order to designate appropriate areas for each of the three strategy zones a “planning risk” must be identified. The planning risk will be the anticipated Sea Level Rise for the 2110 planning horizon. Given the current science and the efforts of other planning entities including the Charlotte County-Punta Gorda MPO a planning risk of 1 meter of SLR over a 100-year horizon would be the most likely scenario. An assessment of the areas at risk from this level of SLR will need to be compared to existing and committed public infrastructure and private investments in the built environment as well as to natural habitats that serve a mitigating or otherwise beneficial function for the built environment. From this analysis the three major strategy categories will be applied to defined geographies and the appropriate polices can be implemented within these areas. It is important to re- iterate although the science involved in climate change is still evolving, proactive adaptation planning represents the conservative approach to mitigate the potential effects of climate change. These changes may have extreme adverse impacts on coastal communities like Punta Gorda on a long term basis, and it is critical to monitor these changes over time. Since the City’s Comprehensive Plan is reviewed on a seven (7) year cycle, it would be reasonable to include a Climate Adaptation review within the cycle. The City will be utilizing the Vulnerability Assessment report settings resiliency goals, and developing plans that integrate into existing hazard and comprehensive planning efforts. Adaptation Strategy Evaluation Example Punta Gorda Protection Accommodation Managed Relocation Adaptation Natural Habitat Protections Seagrass protection and restoration Yes Yes Yes Mangrove Protection No Yes Yes Wetlands protection Maybe Yes Yes Water Conservation/ Drought Preparedness Xeriscaping/native plant landscaping Yes Yes No Infrastructure No new capital investment policy for public N/A Yes Yes Build to defined SLR risk Yes Yes Maybe Remove and relocate public infrastructure N/A N/A Yes TABLE 19 – SOURCE: PUNTA GORDA ADAPTATION PLAN 2009 Declining Tax Revenues and Budget Cutbacks No level of government has been immune from the effects of the current recession. Most of the effects of this recession are stemming from markedly decreased revenues, leading to major budget shortfalls. The Charlotte County Property Appraiser reported that taxable property values decreased Citywide by 13% and in the Community Redevelopment Area (CRA) by 6.3% from the previous year. 147 New construction in the City slowed once again during 2009 compared to the previous two years - $55 million down from $168 million in 2007 and $115 million in 2008. The housing bust has had a severe impact on the City’s economy in ways that are beyond the effect on property taxes. With less net migration into the City, a corresponding drop in sales of furniture, building materials, etc. is causing a spillover effect into the broader economy and also with direct effects in the form of declining sales tax revenues. The City’s General Fund will be operating with approximately $1 million less in property tax revenues in the current fiscal year. A decrease in taxable property values in the range of 10% next year will result in approximately $650,000 less revenues for FY 2011. Other Identified Issues As previously mentioned the City of Punta Gorda’s held public workshops to discuss changes to the Comprehensive Plan, in addition to the major issues previously identified, the issues identified on Table 20 are not classified as “major issues” but are concerns of our citizens and need to be addressed. City of Punta Gorda Evaluation and Appraisal Report Identified Other Issues Issue Source Major Issue Related Element & Comments 1) Water Supply Facilities SWFWMD No Infrastructure Element: Update as necessary to continue to provide for Planning necessary public facilities & services correlated to the future land use projections a) Look at run-off & SWFWMD No Infrastructure Element: Currently being reviewed by the Utility Department TDS w/Water Quality b) 18 Month WSP is SWFWMD No Infrastructure Element: Review Draft data on Commercial Sheet data to see expected after adoption of what if any new strategies need to be in place over the next planning decade the EAR 2) Development of a City Staff, Yes, locally Citizens and staff believe this element will be an important component in Historical Element Citizen this is a preserving and protecting historic, archaeological and paleontological Concern major resources within the City. Future Land Use Element: Ensure land use issue. designations and overlay districts are identified for historical preservation Recreation & Open Space Element: Enhances the City's recreation facilities by incorporating it's historic districts & structures and the multi-use recreational trails into the overall park system. Housing Element: Maintain policies that continue to promote and protect the historic resources of the City 3) Annexation City Staff Yes Future Land Use Element: Ensure land use designations and zoning designations are in place to support any annexation properties 4) Analysis & Updates City Staff No All Elements: Uncertainty of the availability of the decennial data may require based on the 2010 Census text amendment updates Data 5) Divide the Conservation City Staff No Conservation & Coastal Management Elements: Staff believes the division of & Coastal Management this element will allow for better implementation of the GOP's 6) Aging in Place Charlotte Yes, locally Housing Element: Given the economic forecast and the anticipated and the County, this is a anticipated aging of the City's population, attention needs to be directed City Staff major toward elderly housing. Future Land Use Element: Review and develop if issue. necessary policies relating to aging in place strategies. Transportation Element: Review & develop if necessary policies relating to aging in place 7) Inclusion of Legislative City Staff Yes All Elements: Review of all elements to ensure legislative changes are Updates included in all policies 8) Correction of Scrivener City Staff No All Elements: Review of all elements to correct spelling mistakes and other Errors "Housekeeping” issues TABLE 20 – SOURCE CITY OF PUNTA GORDA URBAN DESIGN 2010 149 Water Supply Facilities Planning Look at run-off & TDS w/ Water Quality The City will need to seek additional water sources in an effort to meet the water quality standards for total dissolved solids (TDS). The elevated levels of dissolved solids in Shell Creek exceed secondary drinking water standards. The current treatment process at Shell Creek WTP does not remove TDS, which results in finished water that does not meet the secondary standard during some months of the year. Secondary standards are set for aesthetic water quality purposes only. A timetable for meeting the regulatory standard is under review with the FDEP. The City currently has a variance from FDEP to exceed the secondary TDS standard. Because the City’s existing surface water treatment plant has sufficient capacity to meet the City’s water demand needs until 2018, the City has applied for an exemption to the existing TDS variance. A timeline for a 5-year extension to the variance may be necessary if the groundwater treatment plant is required for water quality purposes prior to 2016. 18 Month WSP is expected after adoption of the EAR The Southwest Water Management District will be completing their Regional Water Supply Plan shortly after the City adopts their Comprehensive Plan. The City will update its Water Supply Plan within 18 months of the latest approval of the Districts’ regional plans. Future Potable Water System Expansions The City will continue to utilize its existing water supply source, Shell Creek, to meet most of its future potable water demands. The Southwest Florida Water Management District (SWFWMD) 2010 Draft Regional Water Supply Plan (RWSP) was developed to assess projected water demand within its jurisdiction and potential sources of water to meet those demands through the 20-year period. The RWSP provides a framework for future water management decisions and identifies potential options and associated costs for developing those supplies. Based on the RWSP, available flow in Shell Creek is approximately 14.6 mgd in addition to the City’s existing withdrawals. The existing Shell Creek Water Treatment Plant is permitted for 10 mgd, which will satisfy the projected peak day demand of the City through approximately 2018. The RWSP also identifies a need for a recovery strategy for Shell Creek since actual withdrawals are greater than proposed Minimum Flow and Levels (MFL) during certain times of the year (typically during low flow conditions). The recovery strategy will require the City to use an alternative water supply source conjunctively with the existing Shell Creek source in order to satisfy City water demands while also complying with the MFL. Look at run-off & TDS w/Water Quality A new water source is also needed to enable the City to meet water quality standards for total dissolved solids (TDS). Shell Creek experiences elevated levels of dissolved solids that exceed secondary drinking water standards. The current treatment process at Shell Creek Water Treatment Plant does not remove TDS, which results in finished water that does not meet the secondary standard during some months of the year. Secondary standards are set for aesthetic water quality purposes only; therefore, exceeding this standard does not present a concern for health or well-being. The City evaluated a number of future water supply sources in its most recent Water Supply Master Plan Update (2009). A brackish groundwater plant with reverse osmosis treatment was selected as the City’s future alternative water supply source. This project will allow the City to comply with proposed MFL regulations, satisfy future water demands, and meet TDS standards by blending treated groundwater (low in TDS) with treated water from Shell Creek to provide a blended finished water product within the TDS limit. This project is identified in SWFWMD’s 2010 Draft RWSP, which states that once the City’s brackish groundwater supply is completed the “reduced TDS levels achieved by blending and potentially contribute to a recovery strategy for proposed MFLs on Shell Creek.” The City currently has a variance from Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) to exceed the secondary TDS standard. Because the City’s existing surface water treatment plant has sufficient capacity to meet the City’s water demand needs until 2018, the City plans to apply for an extension to the existing TDS variance, allowing them to delay the construction of a 151 brackish groundwater plant until needed to meet water demands and/or MFL rules. If the City is granted a 5-year extension, the groundwater treatment plant would not be required for water quality purposes until 2016. The City has been given verbal FDEP approval for the extension; therefore, this EAR provides a water system expansion schedule reflecting approval of the variance. The City will also continue to maintain and expand its water distribution system infrastructure, mainly transmission pipelines, as needed to meet future development needs, replace aging infrastructure, and increase reliability through looping and increased diameter pipelines for additional capacity. To increase the reliability of its water supply, the City is partnering with Charlotte County and the Peace River/Manasota Regional Water Supply Authority (Authority) to create a “regional loop” between individual water utility facilities in Charlotte, Manatee, Desoto, and Sarasota Counties. The Authority is an independent special district and a regional water supply authority under the laws of the State of Florida. The Authority’s chief purpose is to provide water supply to the region and to develop, recover, and supply water sources for municipalities and counties in a manner that will encourage water conservation and minimize adverse environmental impacts. Several regional loop transmission pipelines are currently in preliminary design phases under coordination by the Authority and the local utilities. These projects are being developed and managed under the direction of the Authority and SWFWMD. Development of a Historical Element Under F.S.Chapter 163.3177 (7) (i) the Historical Element is identified as an optional element to the Comprehensive Plan. The purpose of this element is to set out plans and programs for those structures or lands in the area having historical, archeological, architectural scenic or similar significance. Through the Growth Management Act, historically significant properties and resources are required to be addressed by the Future Land Use and Housing Elements. The new element would meet the requirements of these rules, fulfill a desire of the citizens to set in place policies that will strengthen and enforce our historical preservation efforts and preserve and protect historic and archaeological resources within the City. Historic preservation enhances community pride and strengthens the partnership among the past present and future providing for orderly growth in the life and appearance of the community. Historical structures, sites monuments streets, areas, and neighborhoods serve as visible reminders of the history and cultural heritage of the City, the State and the Nation. The City of Punta Gorda possesses a number of those reminders, mainly in the form of structures. The preservation of such structures enhances community pride and strengthens the partnership among the past present and future while providing for the potential of economic development through heritage tourism and the general establishment of a since of place. The City initiated efforts to protect significant resources in 1987 when the City hired a consultant to prepare a historic properties survey. The survey identified and documented a total of 252 properties in the downtown commercial and residential areas. As a result of that effort, a National Register District and two local historic districts were created. In an effort to preserve and enhance these MAP 23 – HISTORIC OVERLAY DISTRICT MAP historic districts and properties, the City hired a 153 consultant to prepare the document City of Punta Gorda Historic District Design Guidelines. This effort is part of a wider scope which also included an update of the 1987 property survey to document all properties located within and around the existing historic districts. During the 2002 – 2003 survey, over 100 properties were added to the list. It is nearing 10 years since the last survey was completed. As part of this Element, a policy to update the survey would be necessary as a basis to continue our preservation efforts. Also, intergovernmental coordination with Charlotte County regarding historically significant areas and structures within the Annexation Study Areas will also be recommended. Historical Overview The City of Punta Gorda is the only incorporated city in Charlotte County, and currently encompasses slightly more than 32 square miles of land and water with approximately 17,500 residents. Located on the south shore of the Peace River, Punta Gorda platted as the Town of Trabue in 1884 and incorporated in 1887 has a rich history that dates back to Calusa habitation over 400 years ago. The City is eager to continue encouraging the preservation of historical and architectural resources that MAP 24 – TRABUE WOODS HISTORIC OVERLAY DISTRICT MAP provide a unique sense of place and a tangible link to its rich and colorful history (See Map 23). Most of the significant architectural and historical resources of the City are concentrated in the 1884 Town of Trabue plat and adjacent areas and generally encompassed by the current Community Redevelopment Area. This area has three designated historic districts the National Register Historic District located west of Tamiami Trail, the Downtown Commercial Historic District encompassing the traditional commercial core of downtown, and the Trabue Woods Historic District, depicted on Map 24, is a historically African-American neighborhood. The report entitled City of Punta Gorda Architectural Resources Survey 2002-2003 offers a brief overview of the City’s history, highlighting those events and figures that shaped the City into what it is today. Currently there are a variety of groups working to maintain and celebrate Punta Gorda’s history and historic resources. The City will be working with members from the Historical Preservation Advisory Board, the Punta Gorda Historical Society, Charlotte County Historical Center Society, Main Street Punta Gorda, TEAM Punta Gorda, and Florida Gulf Coast University as well as citizens in the development of this element. Historical Preservation Advisory Board (HPAB) The HPAB is an official Board of the City of Punta Gorda whose primary responsibility is to advise City Council on all matters of historic significance to the City. One of the primary roles of the HPAB is to identify for the City Council historically significant structures and sites that should be considered for designation as “Local Historic Landmark” or be nominated for listing on the Florida Master File and the National Register of Historic Places. In addition the Board promotes public awareness of historic preservation and its community benefits. The Board also carries the responsibility under the City’s Land Development Regulations for recommendations to staff regarding certificates of appropriateness for any relocation of structure, demolition, variance, or sign on any historic property. Punta Gorda Historical Society The Punta Gorda Historical Society has been working for over 20 years to educate the general public about Punta Gorda’s 155 history. Through the efforts of its members the Society has provided information on local history. Their past efforts have included preserving historic building, authoring books, writing and directing plays and creating slide presentations. They also regularly sponsor tours of the area historic buildings and the Punta Gorda Historic District. In addition to its educational role the Punta Gorda Historic Society has engaged in numerous projects to maintain the architectural and other tangible artifacts of Punta Gorda’s past. Some examples include: Re-bricking streets in the Historic Districts Preserving the Cigar Cottage Restoration of the Punta Gorda Train Depot Restoring the Trabue Land Sales Office Establishing the Punta Gorda History Park Raising Funds to build the Gilchrist Park Gazebo Charlotte County Historical Center Society (CCHC Society) The Charlotte County Historical Center Society is a local non-profit organization associated with the Charlotte County owned Charlotte County Historical Center. The CCHC Society's purpose is (1) to further the historical and educational programs and purposes of the Historical Center; (2) to raise and receive funds for the benefit of the Historical Center and its programs; (3) to organize volunteers to meet the goals of CCHC Society; and (4) to promote and encourage public interest in and support for the Historical Center and its programs. The CCHC was instrumental in bringing the Charlotte County Historic Advisory Committee and the City Historic Preservation Advisory Board for a joint historical marker program within the City of Punta Gorda. These historical markers add to the area’s heritage tourism amenities. Main Street Punta Gorda Main Street Punta Gorda is an entirely volunteer driven group that promotes, encourages, facilitates and enhances growth, vitality and prosperity in downtown Punta Gorda while preserving its historic character to benefit the entire community. TEAM Punta Gorda TEAM Punta Gorda was created in 2004 in the wake of the devastation caused by Hurricane Charley. A grassroots entity, their purpose is to: Bring together residents, business and property owners, and government officials to rebuild and revitalize greater Punta Gorda. Florida Gulf Coast University Florida Gulf Coast University's Quality Enhancement Plan focuses on the development of ecological perspective, sense of place, and community awareness and involvement. To this end, students are encouraged to become involved in faculty-led service projects of reciprocal benefit to both student and place. A University satellite campus is located in the center of the city. Students enrolled in credit courses on this campus have been involved for the past several years in projects that benefit our community, including work with the Punta Gorda Historical Society and the Urban Planning Department. Their participation in the development of an Historical Element to the City's Comprehensive Plan brings a fresh new perspective to the table, and an opportunity for FGCU students to actively participate in planning their own future. The Goal of developing a Historic Element is to highlight the importance of Punta Gorda’s rich and colorful history. This history imbues Punta Gorda with a unique image within the context of Southwest Florida. The City’s historic resources provide the community with a tangible link to the past and represent an opportunity to enhance the economic sustainability through increase heritage tourism. The Historic Element will enable the City to set specific goals, objectives, and policies to ensure that Punta Gorda’s past is preserved as key to its future. 157 Annexation Typically land area changes because of annexation (increases the City area and decreases the County area). Annexations can produce alterations in anticipated development patterns. As identified in the existing Plan, as the community matures and approaches build-out, annexations will become increasingly more important to continue economic viability. In 2006 the City Council requested staff study potential areas of annexation. The resulting study, Annexation Study of 2006, identified fourteen (14) areas for annexation and defined criteria to be used for consideration. After reviewing the analysis of the study, City Council provided staff with a direction for a strategy to pursue annexations based on an established set of goals. It is anticipated that annexations will be an ongoing effort of the City of Punta Gorda. Future growth and other conditions will impact any specific actions. However, the overall policy is to examine annexation based on the economic opportunities presented by annexations. In accordance with the 2006 Annexation Area Study (Map 25), the City of Punta Gorda actively pursues annexations in areas based on location within the existing Utility Services Area, the availability of existing infrastructure, and the potential for development that is supportive of the community vision. MAP 25 – ANNEXATION STUDY AREA MAP Analysis & Updates Based on the 2010 Census Data Given the short time period which has elapsed since the City’s adoption of the 2025 Comprehensive Plan, no 2010 Census Data is available for reliable analysis. When Census data for 2010 becomes available the City shall provide an analysis and update to the Comprehensive Plan. Divide the Conservation & Coastal Management As part of the Evaluation and Appraisal Report process, staff found it necessary to divide the Conservation and Coastal Management Element into two separate elements each focusing on particular goals and objectives. The purpose of the Conservation and Coastal Management Element is to plan, promote and manage the conservation and protection of the City’s natural resources. This element addresses measures to protect human life and limit public expenditures in areas that are subject to destruction by natural disaster, while developing and promoting the City’s economic engine. Each element will better reflect the data and analysis outlined in 9J-5. The elements will be separated as follows: The Conservation Element will focus on: The Coastal Management Element will focus on Greenhouse gas emissions and pollution reduction Land use connection of the waterfront to our Native habitat and community protection measures downtown and CRA area & Future CRA Projects Wildlife corridor connections with the County Economic viability Land Acquisition Regional impacts on our water quality Groundwater protection Residential Education Regarding Fertilizer Use Surface water protection Public water access and facilities Residential Education Regarding Fertilizer Use Sea level rise impacts/coastal high hazard area planning Natural Disaster and Evacuation Planning 159 Staff plans to include the existing goals, objectives and policies within the specific elements as they relate the major focus of the individual elements. In addition, new goals, objectives and policies will be provided for new legislative requirements and planning strategies (greenhouse gas emissions and sea level rise adaptation plans) Aging in Place The Journal of Housing for the Elderly states that aging in place does not have to move from one’s present residence in order to secure necessary support services in response to changing needs. Historically, “Aging in Place” meant multiple level of services provided within one central area, i.e., independent living facilities, assisted living facilities and nursing homes. Today the concept also includes decentralized provision of services to the elderly individual’s current residence. Elderly persons are defined here as those persons sixty-two (62) years of age or older. Based on population projections by the Shimberg Center, Table 21 shows the City’s elderly population will more than double between the years 2005 and the plan horizon of 2025 to 9,790 elderly households. Financially, by 2025 the Shimberg Center projects that there will be approximately 4,416 of the City’s total elderly population will be low-income and 1,929 will be cost burdened. It is anticipated, that as the elderly live longer, they will need special housing assistance to enable them to remain at home longer. The City of Punta Gorda Housing Authority currently has a backlog/waiting list of elderly seeking housing assistance of 166 individuals and is currently working towards securing federal funding to develop an “Aging in Place” complex at the corner of Airport Road and Cooper Street. Based on the fact that the percentage of the elderly population in the City of Punta Gorda is expected to increase by 4,921households by 2025 and in unincorporated Charlotte County by 19,408, it can be assumed that there will be a need for additional housing facilities for the elderly. Partnerships between the City, County, Punta Gorda Housing Authority, medical community and housing providers should be encouraged to ensure that any new facilities will be individually small in scale, located within residential or mixed-use areas in close proximity to shopping and essential services, and have a residential character. Low-Income and Cost Burdened Elderly Households, 2005-2020 Punta Gorda Total Elderly Households Low-Income Cost Burdened 2005 4,869 1,854 659 2008 5,545 2,150 767 2013 6,671 2,643 946 2018 7,798 3,137 1,126 2020 8,248 3,334 1,198 2025 9,790 4,416 1,929 Charlotte County (unincorporated) Total Elderly Households Low-Income Cost Burdened 2005 26,846 10,658 3,842 2008 28,745 11,272 4,082 2013 31,909 12,296 4,483 2018 35,074 13,320 4,883 2020 36,340 13,730 5,043 2025 46,254 20,740 9,396 TABLE 21 – SOURCES: SHIMBERG CENTER FOR AFFORDABLE HOUSING AT THE UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA, URBAN DESIGN 2008, CHARLOTTE COUNTY, AND PMG ASSOCIATES, INC. Unforeseen changes in circumstances [163.3191(2)(g)] The City has not experienced any unforeseen circumstances that need to be addressed. 161 EVALUATING SPECIAL TOPICS Coordination of Land Use Planning and School Planning [163.3191(2)(k)] The adoption of the Public Schools Facility Element formally linked the City, the County and the School Board in a structured environment for the planning of school capacity based on changes to Future Land Use and other major development activities. The three (3) entities actively engage through monthly meetings in coordinating proposed Future Land Use changes with school planning. These meetings serve as a focused forum for tracking capacity and development trends in concert to anticipate potential issues and opportunities ensuring that the result of development is stronger communities. This EAR is to include the coordination of the comprehensive plan with existing public schools and those identified in the applicable educational facilities plan adopted pursuant to s. 1013.35. Pursuant to 163.3191(2)(k) F.S., the assessment must address, where relevant, the success or failure of the coordination of the future land use map and associated planned residential development with public schools and their capacities, as well as the joint decision-making processes engaged in by the local government and the school board in regard to establishing appropriate population projections and the planning and sitting of public school facilities. However, the timeframe associated with adopted element and the implementation of school concurrency in 2009 is very short and no major residential development was proposed within the City during this period. At this time the City continues to participate in regularly scheduled meetings with the County and the School Board regarding implementation of concurrency. Exemption From School Concurrency [163.3191(2)(k) and 163.31777(7)] In accordance with Chapter 163.3191(2)(k), the City of Punta Gorda adopted a Public School Facilities Element and the City of Punta Gorda is not exempt from school concurrency as identified Chapter 163.3177(12). Therefore, no assessment of such exemption, as required by Chapter 163.31777(7), is necessary. Implementation of the 10-Year Water Supply Facilities Work Plan [163.3191(2)(l)] Recognizing the importance of an adequate water supply to Florida's future, the Legislature has established a process for water supply planning through Florida's Growth Management Act (Chapter 163, Part II, Florida Statutes) and the Water Protection and Sustainability Program (Chapter 373, Florida Statutes). Under this system, the state's five water management districts must periodically evaluate whether adequate water supplies exist to meet the needs of their areas. The Southwest Florida Water Management District will be completing their regional water supply plans for their basin, which includes the City, which will identify how water supply needs may be met for the next 20 years. The City’s 10-year Water Supply Plan, updated in 2009, ensures that adequate water supplies are available to meet future demands through 2027. The City continues to put conservation programs and initiatives into practice and will update the 2009 Plan within 18 months of the completion of the SWFWMD Regional Plan. Any changes in alternative water supplies, water reuse and conservation programs will be incorporated into the City's comprehensive plan. The City Utilities Department provides water and wastewater services to approximately 35,800 and 26,000 residents, respectively, within the City’s utility service area. The City initiates planning studies to assist in developing the most reliable, cost-effective strategy for supplying potable water and sewer service to its customers. Since its conception in 1965, the City’s water utility has taken a proactive approach to water supply planning, design, and construction. The City considers conservation a beneficial method to reduce total water WATER SUPPLY MASTER PLAN: demand. Although the City currently meets the water demand goal of the PUNTA GORDA UTILITY SERVICE AREA 163 Southern Water Use Caution Area (SWUCA), additional conservation measures could further decrease potable demand. Previous conservation efforts by the City have decreased from 145 gallons per capita per day (gcpd) in 1990 to 129, and113 gpcd in 2007 and 2009, respectively. These values do not include treatment losses or losses accrued in the Aquifer Storage Recovery (ASR) system, in which water is treated, injected into the aquifer and not fully recovered. State legislation mandates local governments ensure that public utilities are available at the time of new development. The City’s concurrency management system, outlined in Chapter 26 of the City Code of Ordinances, ensures that the impact of new development will not reduce the City’s utility services below the established levels of service. The Potable Water & Sanitary Sewer Section contains a 10-year plan, which addresses future capital improvements necessary to meet the established level of service (LOS) standards. Senate Bills 360 and 444 and most recently House Bill 7203 contained significant modifications with regard to water supply. This legislation further strengthened the statutory linkage between the regional water supply plans prepared by the water management districts and the local government’s comprehensive plans. Under the new legislation, local governments subject to a regional water supply plan must identify alternative water supply projects necessary to meet existing and future development needs. As a result of these legislative changes, five water supply rules have been adopted within the past three years that affect local government comprehensive planning programs. These requirements relate to water supply concurrency, ensuring intergovernmental coordination with regional water supply authorities and that the local government's future land use plan (Future Land Use Element and Future Land Use Map) is based upon the availability of adequate water supplies, and inclusion of selected alternative water supply projects in the local comprehensive plan. Comprehensive plan evaluation and appraisal reports (EARs) are required to include a review of progress made in implementing the alternative water supply projects selected by the local government. The City works with the jurisdictional agencies to provide the adopted level of service standards to its customers. Levels of service (LOS) standards are used to determine capacity needs necessary to meet existing and future development. The City’s most recent Comprehensive Plan update evaluated historical data to determine average per capita factors needed to update the City’s LOS value. One of the City’s policies as a result of that Comprehensive Plan update was to modify the City’s LOS standard ordinance from which to base future development decisions. The updated LOS values were adopted into the City’s Code of Ordinances, and the City is planning for facility expansions to meet projected future build-out conditions. The City also initiates planning studies to assist in developing water system master planning based on the most reliable, cost- effective strategy for supplying potable water to its customers. The City’s most recent efforts for water supply planning are described below. Water Supply Master Plan (WSMP) and Update (WSMPU) In October 2006, the City completed a Water Supply Master Plan (WSMP), which addressed the potable water needs of the City through the year 2050. The WSMP met the following objectives: Compiled water demand projections through 2050. Investigated and defined a proactive strategy for influencing the development of minimum flows and levels (MFLs) for Shell Creek. Identified evaluation criteria for preliminary assessment of potential water supply projects and screened potential projects according to those criteria. Investigated the feasibility, advantages, and disadvantages of the most promising water supply projects based on sustainability, capital and lifecycle costs, and potential capacity. Provided planning scenarios for the City to meet projected future water demands through 2050, while considering both self-sufficient supply and regional issues. Prepared and submitted the City’s water use permit renewal application. 165 The City completed an update to this Plan in 2009. The WSMP Update (WSMPU) addresses changes in regional water supply issues, grant funding opportunities, and proposed minimum flow level regulations. Because circumstances surrounding water supply are continually changing, the City will continue to update the WSMPU in the future to maintain the most cost effective and reliable approach for the City’s water supply. Reuse Feasibility Study The City completed a Reuse Feasibility Study in 2008 to investigate the feasibility of implementing a reuse system to deliver reclaimed water for beneficial reuse as landscape irrigation. Due to the City’s coastal location most private irrigation wells are prohibited, therefore most irrigation systems use a potable water source. A reuse water system would help to optimize the management of water resources by offsetting a portion of potable water demand, thereby increasing the sustainability of the current potable water system. Water System Master Plan The City also completed a Water System Master Plan and hydraulic water distribution system model in 2008. The project’s primary goal was to provide hydraulic modeling analyses to determine pipeline infrastructure requirements for areas without water service and to serve new development. The Water System Master Plan also documented conditions to improve system efficiency and eliminate hydraulic bottle necks. The City’s overall master planning efforts for both water supply and water distribution will allow the City to coordinate, plan and meet the needs of future development in a cost effective and sustainable manner. Coastal High-Hazard Areas [163.3191(2)(m)] Chapter 163.3191(2)(m) requires if any of the jurisdiction of a local government is located within the coastal high-hazard area, an evaluation of whether any past reduction in land use density impairs the property rights of current residents when redevelopment occurs, including, but not limited to, redevelopment following a natural disaster. As there has been no reduction in land use density within the City during this planning timeframe, the property rights of property owners have not been impaired by any governmental action. Land Use Compatibility Near Military Installations [163.3191(2)(n] As required by 163.3191(2)(n) F.S., the following statement summarizes the City of Punta Gorda’s assessment of military installation compatibility with adjacent land uses. According to the DCA website listing of military installations, there are no military bases located in the City of Punta Gorda or in Unincorporated Charlotte County. Therefore, this section is not applicable in our community. Evaluation of Concurrency Exception Areas [163.3191(2)(o)] The City acknowledges the statutory requirements to analyze the effectiveness of alternative concurrency areas. Currently, the City does not have any defined Concurrency Exception Areas, Concurrency Management Areas, Multi-Modal Transportation Districts, or Transportation Concurrency Exception Areas (TCEA). However, the City has previously addressed these designations in the last revision to the comprehensive plan. The City is actively exploring the steps necessary to establish a TCEA. Establishment of such an area fits within the City’s desire for continued infill and redevelopment, as traditional concurrency trends to incentivize Greenfield development and suburban sprawl. The future development of a mobility plan will be necessary to appropriately direct funding for transportation improvements under a TCEA. Evaluation of Long-Term Concurrency Management Systems [163.3180(9)(d)] The City of Punta Gorda does not currently have a long term concurrency management system. There are no transportation system deficiencies noted in the current management program for the City. Within deficiencies or backlogs of deficiencies there is no projected need for a long term concurrency management system. 167 Evaluation of Roadway Impact Methodology [163.3191(2)(p)] Currently, the City of Punta Gorda coordinates with Charlotte County mainly through the Metropolitan Planning Organization. The City also meets with the County to discuss transportation and concurrency related issues. The topic of land use decision making is frequently integrated into discussions at these meetings. Further coordination may be required based on the analysis for a TCEA which may recommend the extents of a TCEA which encompasses some unincorporated areas of Charlotte County. If the analysis illustrates a need for a multi-jurisdictional TCEA then the City and Charlotte County will need to work closely together during the drafting of a Mobility Plan and the establishment of a TCEA. Intergovernmental Coordination efforts between all agencies should continue Evaluation of Urban Infill and Redevelopment Areas [163.2517(6)] The City of Punta Gorda does not have an established Urban Infill and Redevelopment Area under the statute and therefore, will not need to address this section. Comprehensive Planning Certification Program [163.3246(12)] At this time the City has not opted to participate in the Comprehensive Certification Program as outlined in the statute. RECOMMENDATIONS / PROPOSED CHANGES [163.3191(2)(I)] Plan Amendments Needed to Address Major Issues The City will of Punta Gorda will transmit the adopted EAR to FDCA in time to meet the December 1, 2011 due date. Following a Finding of Sufficiency the City will have 18 months to amend its Comprehensive Plan to make the changes recommended below. An additional 6 months may be requested if necessary for the adoption of such amendments. Recommended Policy Changes Policy # Issue Recommendation to address Issue Future Land Use Element Policy 188.8.131.52: Public lands are lands owned by the Modify Floor Area Ratio to accurately account public and used for public purposes such as for the existing City, County, and School Board governmental offices and operational facilities. The FAR in the existing Comp facilities found on these lands. Associated Recreational uses may be permitted, but such uses are Plan does not account for with this modification a changes to the Future generally classified as “recreation-Public” on the FLUM. existing Public facility sites Land Use Map will be required to separate City These areas may allow development so as the intensity Parks from City, County and School Board shall not exceed a Floor Area Ratio of .05 Facilities Policy 184.108.40.206: Punta Gorda will adopt other appropriate land development regulations should they Currently no existing Future become necessary to address issues not currently Land Use Designation exists Develop a FLU category for local food germane to Punta Gorda (wellhead protection, for Agriculture or local food production groundwater aquifer recharge areas, agricultural lands, production etc.) Policy220.127.116.11: Where Punta Gorda develops and 2009 adoption of the City of Continue policy, update Recreation and Open implements special purpose plans, such as Punta Gorda Parks and Spaces Element to maintain consistency with 169 neighborhood plans, the consistency of these plans with Recreation Master Plan this policy the comprehensive plan will be documented The provisions of SB 360 Craft new policies which call for the study of (2008) and HB697 (2008) land use patterns and the transportation imply major changes to Future network in order to justify major policy No specific policy citation Land Use Element which must changes implied by the legislation as be supported with appropriate supported by existing City of Punta Gorda data and analysis planning activities over the past two decades Conservation & Coastal Management Element Policy 18.104.22.168: Punta Gorda will undertake public education activities involving a variety of environmental issues where alteration of public behavior can have Examples in the policy are not important environmental benefits (e.g., judicious use of current with environmental Modify policy to eliminate lists fertilizers, operation of boats in appropriate channels at issues relevant to our area appropriate speeds, use of native plants and other water conservation measures, etc.) Policy 22.214.171.124: Punta Gorda will actively participate with Will review this policy with the recent Charlotte Charlotte County and DeSoto County to encourage their County & Desoto land use & development adoption and in the enforcement of an appropriate Intergovernmental policies within the Shell & Prairie Creeks Special Surface Water Protection Overlay District which Coordination efforts watershed of the Hendrickson Dam Reservoir controls land use and development practices within the and change & enhance accordingly Shell Creek and Prairie Creek watershed Implementation of Policy 126.96.36.199: The City will work with the Southwest appropriate climate Florida Regional Planning Council to determine the adaptation strategies of the Maintain existing policy and develop policies potential sea level rise impacts on the Coastal Planning recently developed Charlotte that address HB697 Area Harbor National Estuary Program and the Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council Policy 188.8.131.52: The City shall encourage the construction of an open air market at Park to facilitate Modify policy to include the viability of the the sales of locally produced goods which will benefit Policy Enhancement market of locally produced goods residents, local business’, commercial fishermen and visitors Separate existing Conservation and Coastal Simplification of goals, No specific policy citation Management Element into two separate and objections and policies distinct Comprehensive Plan Elements Infrastructure Element Policy 184.108.40.206: The City of Punta Gorda will construct an Development of an alternative off stream reservoir as an alternative water supply water supply source. This Modify policy to identify the new alternative project as identified in the Southwest Florida Water project is identified in water supply project Management District (SWFWMD) Regional Water Supply SWFWMD 2010 Draft RSWP Plan Review of the high levels of chloride in the wastewater Modify policy to identify the Infiltration Study Policy 220.127.116.11: The City will evaluate the feasibility of due to infiltration of brackish recommendations need to be meet prior to re- developing a reuse system as outlined in the existing groundwater making the evaluation of reuse water for irrigation water use permit reuse water unacceptable for purposes landscape irrigation The updated Regional Water Supply Plan will be SWFWMD is currently updating No specific policy included, if completed and adopted, in the EAR the Regional Supply Plan based amendments Housing Element Policy 18.104.22.168: Punta Gorda will adopt and enforce the This is an improper citation. Modify policy to maintain Unsafe Building Standard Unsafe Building Abatement Code of the The City utilizes the 2007 Abatement regulations within the City Code of 171 Southern Building Code Congress Florida Building Code now for Ordinances unsafe building abatement Review and develop strategies for future No specific policies housing to include energy resources based on energy efficient design and construction 2010 US Census data was not Upon availability of the 2010 U.S. Census data, No specific policy available during the writing of the City will provide analysis and update the this EAR. Plan accordingly Recreation & Open Space Element Modify to reference the 2009 Development of a Parks & Recreation Master Development of a Parks & Recreation Master Plan Park and Recreation Master Plan Plan In 2006 the City adopted the Alternative Transportation Modify policy to reference Alternative In 2006 the City adopted the Alternative Transportation Plan 2030 which covered the Transportation Plan as the guiding document, Plan 2030 which covered the bicycle/sidewalk, passive bicycle/sidewalk, passive and remove references to specific stakeholder recreation and pedestrian facilities recreation and pedestrian "Charlotte Harbor Environmental Center" facilities Community Facilities Element Modify policy to pre-establish the locational Policy 22.214.171.124: The City of Punta Gorda will coordinate No current Public Safety needs for public safety stations relative to the the Five Year Stations Location and Master Plan with this Station Location and Master annexation areas established in the Future comprehensive plan and its urban service area strategy Plan exists Land Use Element The City continues to work with the Charlotte County Modify existing policy to reference the Policy 126.96.36.199: The City of Punta Gorda will develop a Emergency Management Charlotte County-City of Punta Gorda Local mitigation plan to reduce the effects of natural hazards Office, the RPC and DCA on Mitigation Strategy improving, updating and completing mitigation plans Transportation Element Policy 188.8.131.52: The City will modify the future land use designations to include and support a mixed use land Need higher residential Modify Future Land Use designations where use designation which provides for compact and densities to achieve appropriate to allow a more transit supportive contiguous growth patterns that will reduce automobile appropriate mix of residential and commercial trips and promote alternative modes of transportation, residential/commercial mix development land use mixes, urban design, connectivity Policy 184.108.40.206: To enhance accessibility, Punta Gorda will incorporate two curb ramps, pedestrian demand Projects designed to meet signals, audio and tactile pedestrian signal systems Modify to be less perspective to account for minimum ADA, City or FDOT while meeting Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and changes in best practices in facility design standards as appropriate American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) standards Policy 220.127.116.11: Punta Gorda shall limit intersection radii associated with bicycle/pedestrian facilities so as to reduce road crossing distances for pedestrians and to Projects designed to meet Modify, to reference ITE Context Sensitive slow motor vehicle traffic for turns (10 to 20 mph). minimum ADA, City or FDOT Solutions Standards Where this policy contradicts freight policies, Punta standards as appropriate Gorda will seek to accommodate all modes through the use of median refuges and other innovative techniques Policy 18.104.22.168: The City will continue implementing best practices in access management standards for arterial, Additional policies regarding access Policy does not account for collector, and local streets to maintain an appropriate management and alternative strategies for the US 41 Corridor Access balance for site access and safe and efficient multi- efficiency and safety are recommended for Management Plan modal transportation function through the planning and constrained corridors development review processes Policy 22.214.171.124: Utilize the Florida Standard Urban Policy references outdated Update policy to eliminate model reference 173 Transportation Model Structure (FSUTMS) or its model replacement to coordinate road and transit improvements with existing and proposed population densities, housing, employment patterns, and land uses Policy 7. 2.1.6: The City will initiate and support Update policy to account for legislation strategies which promotes development towards a TCMS Legislation update requirement or a TCEA Policy 126.96.36.199: Playing an important role in the present and future economy of the City, Punta Gorda will assist Additional policies clarifying, appropriate land and support efforts to expand aviation facilities, surface Local policy update uses, surface transportation linkages including access, and land use compatibility on Development transit as appropriate are necessary Authority Land Policy 188.8.131.52: Railroad crossing improvements Identified need regarding Update to reflect pedestrian and bicycle safety (signage, warnings, and pavement) will be included in pedestrian crossings to and mobility City capital improvement priorities facilitate safe routes to school MPO 2035 Long Range Policy 184.108.40.206: Punta Gorda will continue to cooperate Transportation Plan policies Modify policies to ensure consistency with MPO with Amtrak toward providing access to the nation’s updates due in December planning activities passenger rail service 2010 Policy 220.127.116.11: Punta Gorda will participate in MPO and MPO 2035 Long Range Florida Department of Transportation (FDOT) studies Transportation Plan policies evaluating improvements to freight rail service in Punta updates due in December Modify policy to include cooperation with Gorda and Charlotte County. These improvements may 2010, additionally Lee County regional entities like the Lee County MPO include a regional facility to transfer goods between rail MPO moving forward on rail and truck and provision of industrial-zoned land with system assessment to the access to rail south Policy 18.104.22.168: Punta Gorda will evaluate intermodal MPO Long Range Modify policy for consistency with MPO connections, including surface transportation access to Transportation Plan update guidance regarding freight and intermodal aviation, rail and seaport facilities may include additional connectivity information/guidance regarding freight movement/intermodal connectivity in Dec 2010 Policy 22.214.171.124: The City of Punta Gorda will remain open Consideration of appropriate Clarify water dependent transportation services to the development of privately owned and operated water dependent that meet the community vision-Water Taxi water dependant transportation services compliant with transportation and/or Passenger Ferry Services local land use and community visioning Policy 126.96.36.199: The MPO Board shall consist of three Policy is unnecessarily Modify policy to eliminate the composition of County Commissioners, one City Council member, and detailed in regards to road the Board, referring only to the MPO one Airport Authority Commissioner, or as provided by composition Apportionment Plan an adopted revised MPO Apportionment Plan City is currently working with MPO Staff and LRTP Policy 188.8.131.52: Punta Gorda will continue to coordinate Revise policy to reference new 2035 Long consultant on revising with the MPO concerning the analysis of and need for Range Transportation Plan Congestion Congestion Management Congestion Management Strategies Management System Strategies to fulfill requirements under SAFET-LU Policy 184.108.40.206: Punta Gorda will implement congestion management strategies to address transportation Revisions to Congestion demand management (TDM), including commuter Revise policy to reference new 2035 Long Management Strategies assistance, the county-wide traffic signal system, Range Transportation Plan Congestion expected in the 2010 update intersection improvements, possible para-transit Management System of the LRTP improvements, sidewalks/bikeways, access management, and growth management strategies Policy 220.127.116.11: The City will monitor level of service Changes in Growth Modify policy to account for legislative 175 conditions to determine when a Transportation Management legislation changes, including provisions for studies of Concurrency Management System (TCMS) or a require the implementation of the transportation network and land use Transportation Concurrency Exemption Area (TCEA) a TCEA or alternative strategy patterns to support future substantive changes needs to be established to Transportation Goals, Objective, and Policies Policy 18.104.22.168: Criteria to rank new projects for funding under Federal, State and local capital improvements programs in Punta Gorda include * Project preserves/improves highway pavement (~10 points) * Project preserves/improves bridges (~10 points) * Project improves highway safety (~10 points) * Project reduces congestion, particularly where levels of service do not meet adopted standards (~10 points) * Project addresses public transportation (~10 points) * Project improves an intermodal facility (~10 points) New projects ranked by * Project improves hurricane evacuation and recovery Modify policy to incorporate provisions of weighted points criteria (~10 points) existing Policy 22.214.171.124 system * Project supports urban service strategies (~10 points) Criteria with half the importance of the above include the following: * Project improves or provides alternatives to the Florida Intrastate Highway System (~5 points) * Project improves traffic circulation (~5 points) * Project has limited environmental impact (~5 points) * Project improves freight movement (~5 points) * Project protects rights-of-way (~5 points) * Project provides continuity of capital programming (~5 points) Policy 126.96.36.199: Roadway widening projects, on local residential streets and/or on streets with existing houses and driveways, will be avoided, unless New projects assessed under Eliminate policy and include these provisions in alternative solutions are determined to be worse overall this policy Policy 188.8.131.52 because of their relative impact on other policies, such as natural resource protection Policy 184.108.40.206: Other routes, not designated as Evaluation of potential hurricane evacuation routes in the Transportation Modify policy to require the establishment of a hurricane evacuation Element, may be considered for improvement for local hurricane evacuation route map alternatives hurricane evacuation purposes The provisions of SB 360 Analyze land use patterns and the (2008) and HB697 (2008) transportation network in order to validate imply major changes to Future major policy changes necessary by the No specific policy citation Land Use Element which must legislation and as supported by existing City of be supported with appropriate Punta Gorda planning activities over the past data and analysis two decades Policy 220.127.116.11: The City will modify the future land use designations to include and support a mixed use land Need higher residential Modify Future Land Use designations where use designation which provide for compact and densities to achieve appropriate to allow a more transit supportive contiguous growth patterns that will reduce automobile appropriate mix of residential and commercial trips and promote alternative modes of transportation, residential/commercial mix development land use mixes, urban design, connectivity Public School Facilities Element Policy 18.104.22.168: The City hereby adopts less than Several scenarios have been Need to change policy to reflect elementary district-wide Concurrency Service Areas (CSA’s) through reviewed and the City, County school boundaries as individual attendance the merger elementary school boundaries, and the use and School Board agree that boundaries of individual attendance boundaries to establish middle all individual attendance 177 school and high school CSAs in which to measure the boundaries will be used to level of service standard. [9J-5.025(3)(c)(1)] establish CSAs in which to measure the level of service standard. [9J-5.025(3)(c)(1)] School concurrency provisions Policy 22.214.171.124: No later than March 1, 2009, the City Modify policy to maintain school concurrency incorporated into existing City shall adopt school concurrency provisions into its Land provisions currently adopted in the Land Land Development Development Regulations (LDR) Development Regulations Regulations Intergovernmental Coordination Element Policy 126.96.36.199: When and if the City implements local The Charlotte County plans and projects consistent with the Comprehensive Development Authority has Plan (e.g., street beautification, economic development, changed their name. The tourism development, etc.), it will consider possibilities Board is now known as the Update the policy to eliminate the examples of for coordination with other entities which have related Charlotte County Airport the entities plans and purposes (e.g., Charlotte County Development Authority. Over the years Authority, Charlotte County Economic Development other entities have changed Council, Charlotte County Tourism Development names Council, etc.) Capital Improvements Element No policies changes are anticipated Historic Element Develop policies to further existing preservation, archeological, and architectural Need policies to support No policies exist efforts, to strengthen preservation of existing historical document structures, to enforce historical preservation efforts TABLE 22 - URBAN DESIGN STAFF 2010 CONCLUSION The Comprehensive Plan more closely reflects the intensive vision planning that has occurred since Hurricane Charlie. The 2005 CRA Charrette, the 2005 Citizen’s Master Plan and various other planning documents served a blueprint for the 2008 updates to the Comprehensive Plan. While the City has seen great success in implementing this plan more work needs to be done. Given the downturn in the economy and substantial legislative changes, substantive amendments to the current Plan are in order. However, far from changing the current course of the City, these changes will serve to the further the City of Punta Gorda’s community vision as the economic, cultural, and historic hub of an economically vibrant Charlotte County. The implementation of the Evaluation and Appraisal Report amendments will further the pattern for continued growth and development in accordance with the State of Florida Comprehensive Plan. The logical pattern of development for the City including the protection of important historical, environmental, and neighborhood resources, will continue to fulfill and promote the citizen’s vision of the community. The development pattern, called for in the Plan will serve to minimize the cost of delivery of services and increases quality of life by maximizing the utilization of existing infrastructure while decreasing development pressure on environmentally sensitive and 179 rural lands. In order to effectively and efficiently achieve this vision higher densities and intensities of new development need to occur in close proximity to existing infrastructure. As the only City in Charlotte County, Punta Gorda is in the unique position to deliver the logical locations for these various types of development. The Goals, Objectives, and Policies (GOPs) of the Future Land Use Element that guide growth must encourage a pattern of development supportive of all transportation modes. Implementation of the Comprehensive Plan GOP’s are an important component in preserving and reinforcing the City’s urban form, pattern of development, prevention of urban sprawl, and preservation of historic and natural resources in order to create a more sustainable urban environment. Therefore, the proposed changes to the GOPs must be far-reaching enough to encompass the full range of community vision, while allowing the necessary flexibility required by the rapidly changing social, economic, and technological landscape. Balancing growth with economic sustainability will become paramount in a time of increasingly limited resources. This logical development pattern serves as the primary inducement for developing supportive policies for a functional Transportation Concurrency Exemption Area and the future development of a Mobility Plan. These policies in concert with the Future Land Use policies will assist the City in developing strategies to increase pedestrian safety, improve pedestrian connections, promote traffic calming strategies, and create a transit supportive environment which will all serve to increase economic vitality of the City’s core commercial areas. In concert Future Land Use and Transportation policy changes will support greenhouse gas emission reductions as outlined in House Bill 697. The balance of residential units to retail/workplace will address a portion of the HB697 requirements as well as issues discussed in the climate adaptation and energy conservation of this document. Along with the compact and contiguous development pattern of the City, comes the need to review strategies to assist the City in preparation for future climate changes. The goal is for the City to develop an action plan preparing the City for future adaptation to such issues as sea level rise, drought and other extreme weather conditions. Potential adaptation strategies for City review will include those outlined in the Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan. The City will utilize a Vulnerability Assessment Report in establishing resiliency goals that integrate into existing hazard and comprehensive planning efforts. An important component of ensuring a logical development pattern is the preservation and promotion of historic resources. These resources define the character of the community giving it a connection to the past and helping to define its unique sense of place. The City therefore seeks to document, protect, and enhance these resources through the development of a Historic Element. The separation of the Conservation and Coastal Management Element will assist the City in continuing to protect important environmental resources. Protection of these resources is especially important given Punta Gorda’s location on the beautiful and nearly pristine Charlotte Harbor National Estuary Preserve. The protection of salt marshes, mangrove forests and other wetlands serves not only the natural world, but also the built environment through the mitigation of risk from natural disasters. In accordance with Section 163.3191(6), F.S. the City will be adopting The City of Punta Gorda Comprehensive Plan Evaluation and Appraisal Report - 2011by Resolution by December 1, 2011. Following a Finding of Sufficiency by the FDCA, the City will have 18 months to amend its Comprehensive Plan. The City may request an extension of an additional six (6) months to make significant changes as recommended in this EAR should it be necessary. 181 MAP SERIES Map 1 City Limits Map Map 14 Potential NEV's Map Map 2 City Market Place Parcels Map Proposed Charlotte County Fixed Route Transit Map 15 (2009) Map 3 Community Redevelopment Area (CRA) Map Map 16 Ring Around the City Map Map 4 Annexation 2004-2010 Map Charlotte County Punta Gorda MPO Long Range Map 17 Map 5 Existing Land Use Map Transportation Plan Transit Needs Map Map 18 Existing Charlotte County Agriculture Zoning Map Map 6 Future Land Use Map Amendments Map 19 Future Land Use Map Map 7 Vacant Land Use Map Map 20 Portable Water Infrastructure in the CHHA Map Map 8 Preservation Land Use Map Map 21 Road Infrastructure in the CHHA Map Map 9 Administrative Facilities Map Charlotte County Elementary School Concurrency Map 22 Sanitary Sewer in the CHHA Map Map 10 Service Area Map Map 23 Historic Overlay District Map Map 11 Freight Network Map Map 24 Trabue Woods Historic Overlay District Map Map 12 Bicycle Route Map Map 25 Annexation Study Area Map Map 13 Pedestrian Map ACRONYMS ASR Aquifer Storage Recovery LEED Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design BEBR Bureau of Economic and Business Research LOS Level of Service BSM Burnt Store Meadow LSV Low Speed Vehicles CIE Capital Improvement Element MPO Metropolitan Planning Organization CIP Capital Improvement Program MFL Minimum Flow and Levels CCHC Charlotte County Historical Center Society MMTD Multi-Mode Transportation Districts Society NEV Neighborhood Electric Vehicles CHNEP Charlotte Harbor National Estuary Program gcpd per capita per day CHS Charlotte High School PSFE Public School Facilities Element CRA Community Redevelopment Agency PGD Punta Gorda Airport CSA Concurrency Service Area PGMS Punta Gorda Middle School CHHA Costal High Hazard Area RWSP Regional Water Supply Plan DULA Dense Urban Land Areas SLR Sea Level Rise DRI Department of Regional Impact SWUCA Southern Water Use Caution Area EPA Environmental Protection Agency SWFRPC Southwest Florida Regional Planning Council EAR Evaluation and Appraisal Report SWFWMD Southwest Florida Water Management District FAR Floor to Area Ratios TDS Total Dissolved Solids F.A.C. Florida Administrative Code TCEA Transportation Concurrency Exemption Area FDEP Florida Department of Environmental Protection TCMA Transportation Concurrency Management Area FLUE Future Land Use Element USGBC United States Green Building Council FLUM Future Land Use Map VMT Vehicle Miles Traveled HPAB Historic Preservation Advisory Board WSMP Water Supply Management Plan HB House Bill WSMPU Water Supply Management Plan Update IPCC International Panel on Climate Change 183 REFERENCE 2005 Citizen’s Master Plan Community Redevelopment Area Redevelopment Plan 2010 Draft Regional Water Supply Plan Downtown Community Redevelopment Plan 2035 Long Range Transportation Plan Update Downtown Parking & Traffic Circulation Study 2035 Long Range Transportation Plan Update Congestion Eastside & Downtown Planning Study Management Plan Five Year Alternative Transportation Plan Annexation Study of 2006 Florida Bureau of Economic and Business Research Alternative Transportation Plan 2030 Florida’s Growth Management Laws City Code of Ordinance (Chapter 26) Florida Master File City of Punta Gorda Adaptation Plan Inflow and Infiltration Study (2008) (Technical Report 09-4) City of Punta Gorda Architectural Resources Survey 2002 – IPCC’s Fourth Assessment Report (2007) 2003 IPCC’s Second Assessment Report (2007) City of Punta Gorda’s Demographic & Housing Journal of Housing for the Elderly Characteristics 2006 – 2030 City of Punta Gorda Historical Guidelines National Register of Historic Places City of Punta Gorda’s 1997 Comprehensive Plan Southwest Florida Water Management District Draft Regional Water Supply Plan City of Punta Gorda Comprehensive Plan 2025 State of Florida Comprehensive Plan Comprehensive Southwest Florida/Charlotte Harbor The City of Punta Gorda’s Climate Adaptation Plan Climate Change Vulnerability Assessment (Technical Report 09-3) The City of Punta Gorda’s Parks & Recreation Master Plan United States Census Bureau Water Supply Master Plan (2006) Wastewater Collection System Master Plan Water Supply Master Plan Update (2009) 185 APPENDIX 1 EAR Process Date(s) Action Explanation of Activities/Events The City of Punta Gorda's EAR was prepared by staff and input was Step 1: IDENTIFY WHO WILL PREPARE 01-Dec-09 provided by the Planning Commission, the Local Planning Agency, as well THE EAR as Citizen Groups and local residents. Step 2: INTERDEPARTMENTAL MEETING The City's Chief planner coordinated meetings with Public Works, 01-Feb-10 TO IDENTIFY AND DISCUSS Sanitation, Parks & Ground, Police, Fire, Utilities, and Finance to discuss ISSUES, ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES the City's major issues. Step 3: IDENTIFY AND CLARIFY ISSUES Workshops were held to discuss & clarify major issues. Display ad in THROUGH A WORKSHOP WITH ELECTED local newspaper run dates of 7/7/2010 & 7/11/2010; Posting dates on 15-Jul-10 BODY, PLANNING COMMISSION, AND City's website, invitations emailed to local stakeholders and homeowner GENERAL PUBLIC [s.163.3191(1)(c), F.S.] associations; notification of Citizen Committee members. After the July 15, 2010 Public Workshop all of the major issues were Step 4: PREPARE A LIST OF THE ISSUES compiled by staff and subsequently presented at the August 23, 2010 22-Jul-10 AGREED UPON IN THE LOCAL Planning Commission Meeting. Additional comments and suggestions WORKSHOP OR IDENTIFIED BY STAFF were collected to use in the preparation of the final list of major issues. Step 5: HOLD A SCOPING MEETING On August 10, 2010 the City of Punta Gorda held a scoping meeting with 10-Aug-10 [s.163.3191(3), F.S.] the State Agencies to review the City's list of major issues. Step 6: FINALIZE MAJOR ISSUES LIST On September 2, 2010 the City of Punta Gorda submitted its letter of 2-Sep-10 AND REQUEST LETTER OF understanding to the Department of Community Affairs (DCA). On UNDERSTANDING FROM DCA October 8, 2010 the DCA accepted the City's letter of understanding. 08-Oct-10 Steps 7 & 8: COLLECT AND ANALYZE After receiving the DCA’s acceptance letter, staff began preparing DATA AND PREPARE A DRAFT OF THE the first draft of the EAR. Data sources are listed in the Reference EAR [s.163.3191(2), F.S.] Section of this document. Steps 9 & 10: HOLD A PUBLIC HEARING TO DISCUSS RESULTS OF THE The LPA held the Public Hearing to consider the 1st draft of the City EVALUATION AS DESCRIBED IN THE of Punta Gorda’s Evaluation and Appraisal Report, 2011. The LPA 28-Mar-11 DRAFT EAR [s.163.3191(4), F.S.] AND makes recommendation for adoption to the Punta Gorda City REVISE THE EAR, IF NEEDED, BASED ON THE COMMENTS RECEIVED IN THE Council. PUBLIC HEARING Steps 11 & 12: LOCAL GOVERNMENT City of Punta Gorda City Council held the 1st Public Hearing meeting for 20-Apr-11 PUBLIC HEARING AND TRANSMITTAL OF the transmittal and adoption of the City of Punta Gorda EAR 2011. THE PROPOSED EAR [ss.163.3191(5) City of Punta Gorda City Council held the 2nd Public Hearing meeting for 4-May-11 AND (6), F.S.] the transmittal and adoption of the City of Punta Gorda EAR 2011. Step 13a: TRANSMIT THE ADOPTED EAR TO DCA AND STATE AND REGIONAL The City of Punta Gorda's adopted EAR was sent via certified mail to DCA 9-May-11 AGENCIES FOR REVIEW [s.163.3191(6), and all required Local, State and Regional Agencies. F.S.] The DCA and all required Local, State and Regional Agencies have 60 Step 13b: AGENCY REVIEW days to review the adopted report and make a preliminary sufficiency 9-May-11 [s.163.3191(6), F.S.] determination. This preliminary sufficiency determination will be forwarded to the local government for its consideration. Step 13c: STEP 13c: IF THE EAR IS Within 90 days after the receipt of the adopted EAR, the DCA shall 9-Jul-11 SUFFICIENT [s.163.3191(6), F.S.] issue a final sufficiency determination. If the DCA determines the report is insufficient, the City will need Step 13d: IF THE EAR IS NOT 9-Jul-11 to adopt a revision of the report and submit the revised report SUFFICIENT [s.163.3191(6), F.S.] pursuant to subsection (6). 187 The City will begin the EAR based amendments once the EAR is Step 14: STEP 14: BEGIN THE EAR- determined to be sufficient and will have 18 months to complete 9-Aug-11 BASED AMENDMENT PROCESS the EAR based amendment process provided not extensions are [s.163.3191(10), F.S.] necessary. EAR Contents Page # Statute Description Preliminary Pages 5 [s.163.3191(4), F.S.] Table of Contents. 7 [s.163.3191(4), F.S.] Lists of tables, maps, and figures. If the EAR contains maps, other figures, or tables, the table of contents should have a separate page to list these items. Introduction Section 9-12 Brief description of the community, the goals of the community as expressed in the comprehensive plan, and the purpose of the EAR. 12-19 [s.163.3191(2)(j), F.S.] Brief description of the process used to prepare and adopt the EAR, including the public participation activities. Subject Matter for the EAR 23 [s.163.3191(2)(a), F.S.] Discuss changes in land area, including annexation, since the plan was adopted or updated by the most recent EAR-based amendment. 20-23 [s.163.3191(2)(a), F.S.] Discuss changes in population since the plan was adopted or last amended; compare actual changes with changes projected by the plan. 38, 32 [s.163.3191(2)(d), F.S.] Discuss whether development has located where it was anticipated in the plan as originally adopted or last amended. 25,30 [s.163.3191(2)(b), F.S.] Identify the amount and location of vacant land and its suitability and availability for development. 31 [s.163.3191(2)(c), F.S.] Discuss the extent to which the community has been able to meet the demands of growth on infrastructure and maintain level-of service standards through implementation of a financially feasible capital improvements element. 189 38-76 [s.163.3191(2)(h), F.S.] Briefly assess successes or shortcomings of each element. 76 [s.163.3191(2)(f), F.S.] List of changes to the State Comprehensive Plan applicable to the community. 77 [s.163.3191(2)(f), F.S.] List of changes to the Strategic Regional Policy Plan that apply to the community. 77 [s.163.3191(2)(f), F.S.) List of changes to Chapter 163, Part 2, F.S., applicable to the community. 76 [s.163.3191(2)(f), F.S.] List of changes to Chapter 9J-5, F.A.C., applicable to the community. 108 [s.163.3191(2)(e), F.S.] Identify and evaluate major issues. Refer to Section 3 for assistance on writing about issues in the EAR. For each issue, whether listed below or identified as a major issue by the community, the discussion must include the following: 108 -162 [s.163.3191(2)(e), F.S.] Where pertinent, identify the social, economic and environmental impacts of the issue. 108 -162 [s.163.3191(2)(g), F.S.] Assess whether the objectives of the plan that relate to the issue have been achieved. 162 [s.163.3191(2)(g), F.S.] Discuss whether there have been changes in circumstances that were not anticipated. 162 [s.163.3191(2)(g), F.S.] Discuss whether these changes resulted in either problems or opportunities for the community. 170 [s.163.3191(2)(i), F.S.] Identify actions, including plan amendments, which are needed to address the issue. 163 [s.163.3191(2)(k), F.S.] Assess success of coordinating land use and school facilities planning, including use of [s.163.31777(7), F.S.] joint population projections. 164 [s.163.3191(2)(l), F.S.] Evaluate plan with respect to the water management district’s regional water supply plan. 167 [s.163.3191(2)(m), F.S.] In coastal high-hazard areas, evaluate whether past reduction in land use density impairs the property rights of current residents when redevelopment occurs. 168 [s.163.3191(2)(n), F.S.] Assess whether compatible land uses have been permitted proximate to military installations. 168 [s.163.3191(2)(o), F.S.] Assess whether transportation concurrency exception areas, transportation concurrency management areas or multi-modal transportation districts have achieved the purpose for which it was created. 168 [s.163.3180(9)(d), F.S.] Evaluate the extent to which progress has been in improving the level-of-service within the school and/or transportation long-term concurrency management area. 169 [s.163.3191(2)(p), F.S.] Assess need for a common method for measuring impacts on roadways as part of the local concurrency management system. 25, 33 [s.163.2517(6)(a), F.S.] Evaluation of new development within the designated urban infill and redevelopment area. 16-19 [163.3177(13), F.S.] Evaluate progress in achieving community development goals Appendix 185 References/Appendix List of reports, studies, and other documents used as data and analysis for the EAR. 191 Adoption Procedures Date Action Step 1: Decide on date for consideration by LPA. Insert this date before the EAR due date. It is the 1-Feb-11 date identified on line 9 in the in step 6 below. Note: This table in sub-section 1.6 (Timeline for Preparing the EAR).date is approximately five months Step 2: Determine the date that notice must appear in the newspaper. Also, find out the deadline 1-Feb-11 for providing the notice to the newspaper in order to appear by the required date. The newspaper must be a newspaper of general circulation for the area Step 3: Prepare the notice. The notice must include the following: • date of the public hearings (one for LPA and one for governing body) • time of the hearings 1-Mar-11 • place of the hearings • title of the resolution or ordinance • statement about where the public may inspect the resolution or ordinance, including the EAR 4-Mar-11 Step 4: Deadline to provide notice to newspaper. 18-Mar-11 & 25-Mar-11 Step 5: Notice appears in the newspaper. 28-Mar-11 Step 6: Public hearing before the LPA. 20-Apr-11 & 4-May-11 Step 7: Public hearing before the local governing body.
Pages to are hidden for
"City of Punta Gorda Comprehensive Plan Evaluation and Appraisal "Please download to view full document