DOHA and the EU

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					DOHA and the EU

 Trade of industrial goods
     Trade in services
Trade in agricultural goods
Trade and the Environement

 The Doha Development Round of World Trade Organization
   negotiations aims to lower trade barriers around the world, permitting
   free trade between countries.

 The Doha round : Doha, Qatar in 2001, in Cancún, Mexico (2003), and
   Hong Kong, China (2005).

 The EU is one of the key players in the World Trade Organisation
      Market access for industrial goods

 The EU wants to do away with high tariffs, tariff peaks and
    tariff escalation to increase trading opportunities, both for
    north-south as for south-south trade.
   The EU is encouraging developed countries to provide to
    Least Developed Countries (LDCs) with:
   ·     Duty Free and Quota Free (DFQF)
   ·     ‘Round for Free’
   the EU has proposed to apply a non-linear Swiss formula,
    achieving deeper cuts on higher tariffs
                      Trade in Services:

 Market access negotiations on services will benefit businesses as well
   as consumers world-wide. EU wants to encourage service trade

 In its offers, the EU has put a strong focus on business services.

 The EU pursues a gradual liberalization of the global trade in services
   both at multilateral level through the GATS negotiations in the WTO
   and at bilateral/regional level.
             Trade in agricultural goods

 Europe is the biggest importer of agricultural goods worldwide, it
   imports from developing countries as much as the US, Japan, Canada,
   Australia and New Zealand taken together

 The European Union is determined to reduce all forms of domestic
   support provided to farmers in developed countries, eliminate export
   subsidies by 2013 and lower tariff for agriculture products imports.

 This should put an end to alleged unfair competition to developing
   countries' agriculture export.
             Trade and the Environment

 Protecting the environment, social development, and consumer
   concerns are key elements of the Doha.

 EU is working on:
 ·     Improving market access for environmental goods and services
  so that these would be more easily available and at lower prices; many
  such goods and services are central to the successful implementation of
  environmental policies, e.g. for energy efficiency and waste water
 ·     The EU wants the international community to make sure both
  trade and environmental laws work together to support sustainable
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