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Mussolini The Most Ruthless Dictator

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					    Mussolini
    “Il Duce”
The Most Ruthless
     Dictator
By Julian Tetreault, Kevin
    McDonald, Casey
 Richardson, Cameron
          Bruce
 Fascist Party and Police State

• Within 2 years with Mussolini as leader,
  Italy was turned into a police state.
• There were no constitutional restraints
  on his power.
• Could do anything he wanted.
• The head of the black shirts (fascist
  militia) which terrorized resistance
  groups.
• All other parties were outlawed in Italy.
         Ethiopian Genocide
• The Italians invaded Ethiopia using chemical
  weapons: mustard gas, phosgene.
• Used these weapons to indiscriminately kill
  much of the local population in order to quell
  opposition.
• Mussolini himself allowed the weapons to be
  used.
• After being exposed for using these weapons
  by the red cross the Italian bombed at least
  19 red cross tents posted in Ethiopia.
• Besides chemical weapons Italians also used
  created labor camps, killed hostages,
  installed public gallows, and mutilated
  corpses.
• Captured resistance fighters were thrown out
  of airplanes midflight.
       Slaughter of Addis Ababa
• In a specific example of the
  Ethiopian Genocide, after an
  assassination attempt on an
  Italian officer at a ceremony
  failed, the 30 Ethiopians at the
  ceremony were immediately
  impaled.
• The Black Shirts then
  swarmed Addis Ababa and
  tortured and killed all men
  women and children in their
  path.
• They also set fire to homes
  and organized mass
  executions, up to 50 or a 100
  people at a time.
The Orders of Mussolini in Ethiopia
• “The use of gas an “ultima ratio” to overwhelm
  enemy resistance and in case of counter attack
  is authorized.”
• “Given the enemies system I have authorized
  the use, even on a vast scale, of any gas and
  flamethrowers.”
• “All rebels taken prisoner must be killed.”
• “I have authorized once again to begin and
  systematically conduct a politics of terror and
  extermination of the rebels and the complicit
  population without legge taglionis one cannot
  cure the infection in time.
      Mussolini’s Secret Police
           Black Shirts
• Created by Mussolini.
• Consisted of ex-soldiers who’s job it was
  to bring “into line” those who opposed
  Mussolini by means of intimidation,
  violence, and murder.
• One particular technique was the force-
  feeding large amounts of castor oil which
  would then led to severe diarrhea and
  dehydration, often resulting in death.
   Capture Escape and Death
• Executed by the partisans April 28th.
• Colonel Valerio helped them to escape,
  only to have them executed a mile from
  the prison.
• Valerio then drove back and rounded up
  the 15 other fascist prisoners who were
  shot down by a partisan firing squad.
• All the bodies were hung in the public
  square for people to see.
              Mussolini Quotes
• “Blood alone moves the wheels of history.”
• “Fascism is a religion. The twentieth century will be
  known in the history as the century of Fascism.”
• “Fascism, the more it considers and observes the future
  and the development of humanity, quite apart from
  political considerations of the moment, believes neither
  in the possibility nor the utility of perpetual peace.”
• “It is humiliating to remain with our hands folded while
  others write history. It matters little who wins. To make a
  people great it is necessary to send them to battle, even
  if you have to kick them in the pants. That is what I shall
  do.”
• “War alone brings up to their highest tension all human
  energies and imposes the stamp of nobility upon the
  people’s who have the courage to make it.”

				
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posted:2/16/2012
language:English
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