Decentralization in Ghana _xxxx_

Document Sample
Decentralization in Ghana _xxxx_ Powered By Docstoc
					        DECENTRALIZATION IN GHANA
- WITH A FOCUS ON SERVICE DELIVERY ISSUES -

 Presentation at DANIDA Decentralization Reform Seminar,
        15th - 17th , November, 2010, Copenhagen
               Presented by: Ghanaian Team

                                                           1
OUTLINE OF PRESENTATION
 Ghana – Brief Country Facts
 Background & Status of Decentralization Process

 Local Government Service & Responsibilities

 Current Agenda for Decentralized Service Delivery

 Service Delivery (Example: Water & Sanitation
  Sector)
 Challenges

 Conclusion

 Activities in Some Photographs


                                                      2
                Map of Ghana
Map of Africa




                               3
FACTS FOR REPUBLIC OF GHANA
   Location:     Western Africa, bordering the
                  North Atlantic Ocean between
                  Cote d'Ivoire and Togo
   Area:         Total area: 238,540 km2
                  Land area: 230,020 km2
   Independence: 6 March 1957
   Population:   Approx. 22 Million
   Capital:      Accra (Pop. 1.66 million, 2010)
   Regions:      10
   Districts:    170 (6 Metropolitan, 40 Municipal
                  & 124 District Assemblies)
   GDP:          $1,500 per cap (2009 est.)
                                                      4
DECENTRALIZATION IN GHANA - WHY?


   Promote participatory Democracy   - bring
    Governance closer to people

   Improve Service Delivery – response to
    local needs and preferences




                                                5
BACKGROUND OF DECENTRALISATION IN GHANA

   Decentralisation gained political prominence in Ghana
    in the late 1980s with the implementation of a major
    programme of local government and administrative
    reforms

     Local  Government Law in 1988
     District Assemblies were established

     First local elections in 1987-88




                                                        6
LEGAL FRAMEWORK
 1992 Constitution: Section 2 of Article 240
  “Parliament shall enact appropriate laws to
  ensure that functions, powers, responsibilities and
  resources are at all times transferred from central
  government to local government units in a
  coordinated manner”
 Local Government Act 462, 1993
 District Assembly Common Fund Act 455, 1993
 The National Development Planning Systems Act,
 Legal Instruments establishing the District
  Assemblies
 Local Government Service Act 656, 2003

                                                    7
LOCAL GOVERNMENT SERVICE (LGS)

   Established by LGS Act 2003 Act 656 (24th December
    2003)
   Objective: “to secure effective administration and
    management of local government in the country”
   Responsibilities:
       The commencement of functioning decentralized
        departments at the district assemblies
       Transfer of functions to the relevant decentralised
        departments
       Transfer of staff from the Civil Service to the Local
        Government Service
       Establish performance based management system for
        both human resource & service delivery
                                                                8
POLICY FRAMEWORK AND ACTION PLAN

   Nine main priority areas :
    1.   Political decentralization and legal issues,
    2.   Administrative decentralization,
    3.   Decentralized development planning,
    4.   Spatial planning,
    5.   Local economic development,
    6.   Fiscal decentralization,
    7.   Popular participation and accountability,
    8.   Social agenda, and
    9.   Involvement of non-state actors in local governance.


                                                                9
CURRENT AGENDA
   Review of Legal Instruments

   Clarify roles and responsibilities at the three levels of
    Government (Central, Regional and District)

   Establish district decentralized departments & strengthen their
    capacity to be able to manage the Local Service Delivery
    efficiently and effectively

   Review the Inter Governmental Fiscal Framework

   Implement District Composite Budgeting System

   Improve performance of         district assemblies through
    performance based grant        system (District Development
    Facility)
                                                                 10
KEY STRATEGIES FOR SERVICE DELIVERY
 Decentralised departments at district assemblies are
   fully responsible for implementation of decentralized
   service delivery

   Increase funding of district assemblies’ annual
    development plans and budget

   Strengthen Human Resource Capacity at district level

   Establish Performance Management Systems (for
    both HR and service delivery) at district level
                                                       11
EXAMPLE - WATER AND SANITATION SECTOR IN GHANA
Institutional Responsibilities:
 Ministry of Water Resources, Works and Housing:

    Water Resource Management

    Urban Water

    Rural Water and Sanitation




   Ministry of Local Government & Rural Development :
     Environmental Health & Sanitation




                                                         12
Institutional Structure for Water Supply, Sanitation & Hygiene Promotion

                                               GoG
                                               GoG


                                                                                                  Donors /
                                               Ministry of                                     Donors / Bilaterals
                                                                                                 Bilateral
                MLGRD                          MOFEP
                                            Finance(MOFEP)               MWRWH



        LGS             Policy & Planning                            Water Directorate
                                                                     Water Directorate




                              EHSD                 WRC                   CWSA               GWCL



                                                                         RWST


                                              Private Sector, NGOs
                                             Private Sector, NGOs
        District Assemblies



         Communities                                NGOs                                   Customers


                                                                     Legend
                                                                          Accountability
                                                                          Accountability
      Watsans       WSDBs                                                 Interaction
                                                                          Interaction


                                                                                                                13
IMPLEMENTATION PROCESS - RURAL WATER & SANITATION
   Policy and standards are developed at central Level

   Technical backstopping and M&E at the regional level

   Preparation of water and sanitation plans and budget at district level

   Implementation of water & sanitation facilities by District Works
    Department / District Assembly

   Provision of facilities by private sector

   Operation & maintenance at community level targeting active involvement
    of women

   Dissemination of information on community water and sanitation through
    NGO/CBOs to generate demand in communities

                                                                             14
FINANCING RURAL WATER AND SANITATION


   District Assembly Common Fund = 7.5% of
    consolidated fund shared among District Assemblies
    based on a prescribed formula
   District Development Facility established by
    Government of Ghana and DPs for discretionary
    spending based on performance
   Internally Generated Revenue
   Donors and NGOs individual projects
   Others

                                                    15
CHALLENGES
   Acts and other legal instruments need to be revised
    and aligned (e.g. Community Water and Sanitation
    Agency Act, Ghana Road Fund Act, etc.)
   Inadequate resources for Assembly Members,
    Councilors and Unit Committee Members
   Slow process on establishment of decentralized
    departments at district level
   Slow pace of staff transfer
   Inadequate HR (managerial and technical) capacity
    at the district level
   Stakeholders have different interests: (Ministries,
    Departments and Agencies, bureaucrats and public
    sector workers)
                                                      16
CHALLENGES (CONTINUED)
   Untimely      release     and       central    level
    earmarking/deductions of District Assembly
    Common Fund
   Hesitance to implement fiscal decentralization
   High proportion of area-based individual projects by
    different DPs
   Inadequate funds for the district development plans
   Inability of District Assemblies to generate an
    appropriate level of local funds (Internally
    Generated Funds)
   Weak M&E systems

                                                      17
CONCLUSION - IS DECENTRALIZATION A WAY TO IMPROVE
SERVICE DELIVERY IN GHANA?

 Response to local needs
 Ownership
 Prospects:
     Development Funds for service delivery are increasing
      (with DDF input )
     Improved administration (Functional Organizational
      Assessment Results)
     Local Service Delivery and Governance Programme &
      its progress in Service Delivery
   Global targets such as MDGs not directly
    prioritized
                                                         18
STATUS OF RURAL WATER SUPPLY




                               19
COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT IN DECISION- MAKING




                                            20
COMMUNITY OPERATION AND SUCCESS




                                  21
DISTRICT W0RKS DEPARTMENT OFFICE




                                   22
SERVICE DELIVERY & COMMUNITY INVOLVEMENT




                    Vertiver
                     Grass




                                           23
     Map of
  Development
    Partners’
  Interventions
(Decentralization
  Sector Group)




         Joint Sector Review
       Mission Meeting at LGSS,
              Aug. 2010




                                  24
END OF PRESENTATION – “MEDA MO ASE”




                                      25

				
DOCUMENT INFO
Shared By:
Categories:
Tags:
Stats:
views:3
posted:2/16/2012
language:
pages:25