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					       Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM)

Distr.                                                                        SAICM/ICCM.1/4
General                                                                       6 December 2005
                                                                              Original: English
________________________________________________________________________________________________
International Conference on Chemicals Management
Dubai, 4–6 February 2006
Item 4 of the provisional agenda*
Further development and adoption of a strategic approach to international chemicals management


                Draft global plan of action
                Note by the Secretariat
                 1.      At the second session of the Preparatory Committee for the Development of a Strategic
                 Approach to International Chemicals Management, it was proposed that the strategic approach to
                 international chemicals management (SAICM) consist of three components: a high-level declaration; an
                 overarching policy strategy; and a global plan of action. In connection with the global plan of action, a
                 contact group developed a matrix of concrete measures on the basis of documents submitted to the
                 meeting and comments made during the plenary session. The measures were grouped in accordance
                 with the categories of objectives established for the overarching policy strategy: risk reduction;
                 knowledge and information; governance; capacity-building; and illegal international traffic.
                2.      At the request of the Committee, and on the basis of discussions at the second session, the
                secretariat, in consultation with the President, further revised the table of concrete measures developed
                by the contact group to remove repetitions and redundancies and to incorporate elements from the
                secretariat’s draft synthesis of objectives within the overarching policy strategy which the Committee
                felt would more appropriately be classified as concrete measures. The text, as so revised, was set out as
                an annex to the report of the second session (SAICM/PREPCOM.2/4, annex V) and circulated for
                comment, including by regional groups during intersessional consultations. Following those
                consultations and the receipt of comments, the secretariat again revised the paper in consultation with
                the President for consideration by the Committee at its third session. The resulting further revision of
                the draft global plan of action was circulated in document SAICM/PREPCOM.3/4 and comprised an
                executive summary requested by certain regional groups and the table of concrete measures.
                3.      At its third session, the Committee agreed that since the global plan of action was intended to be
                a voluntary guiding document and applicable to countries and other stakeholders according to their
                needs and abilities, it did not need to be fully negotiated. The President invited participants to identify,
                for possible discussion, concrete measures (subsequently referred to as “work areas”) requiring
                concerted global action, those that implied a change or addition to current international policy and those
                that were outside the scope of SAICM. She also asked the participants to comment on the executive
                summary. Following discussion of the identified measures and the executive summary in a contact
                group, the Committee was able to agree upon the text in the executive summary with the exception of a
                few portions, which were marked with footnotes. Similarly, it was able to reach consensus on many of
                the elements in the table of work areas and their associated activities. Those that were not agreed were
                marked in the table with asterisks. The Committee agreed that the footnotes and asterisked issues were
                not to be negotiated at the International Conference on Chemicals Management in Dubai but should be
                taken up again in the future. While it had addressed work areas and their associated activities, the
                contact group had not discussed the issues of actors, targets and timeframes, indicators of progress and
                implementation aspects. Those elements of the global plan of action may, therefore, warrant further
                consideration as part of the implementation of the Strategic Approach. Participants were invited to
                submit any additions to the list of actors by 10 October 2005. The Committee requested that a table of

                *        SAICM/ICCM.1/1

K0584524 281205



   For reasons of economy, this document is printed in a limited number. Delegates are kindly requested to bring their copies to
   meetings and not to request additional copies.
SAICM/ICCM.1/4

            contents be prepared by the secretariat and inserted before the table of work areas and their associated
            activities and that the secretariat align the text of the executive summary and the table with the
            overarching policy strategy, as approved by the Committee.
            4.      The Committee agreed that the bureau should remain in office until the International Conference
            on Chemicals Management in order to facilitate any intersessional work aimed at ensuring the success
            of the Conference. The President of the Preparatory Committee exercised her prerogative under
            rule 10.2 of the Committee’s rules of procedure to convene a meeting of an expanded bureau in Jongny,
            Switzerland, on 4 and 5 November 2005. The objective of the meeting was to explore avenues for
            possible consensus on the outstanding issues. It was attended by the President and representatives of
            16 Governments drawn from all regions, one regional economic integration organization, three
            intergovernmental organizations and four non-governmental organizations.1 Without prejudice to their
            own further consideration of the issues and to the decisions of the Conference, participants in the
            expanded bureau explored a number of possible solutions for the remaining issues. On the basis of this
            informal exchange of views, the President of the Preparatory Committee has developed for the
            consideration of the Conference the revised text for the global plan of action contained in annex I to the
            present note.
            5.     The revised text in annex I differs from the version developed at the third session of the
            Preparatory Committee in the following main respects:
                   (a)      In paragraph 1 of the executive summary of the global plan of action, the brackets have
            been removed from the word “voluntary”. The President has proposed that the terms “voluntary” and
            “non-legally binding” be used in the High-Level Declaration and that the term “voluntary” be used in
            paragraph 1 of the executive summary of the Global Plan of Action;
                     (b)     During informal discussions at the expanded bureau meeting, some participants
            indicated that the retention in the global plan of action of activities on which consensus had not been
            reached would be problematic when it came to considering the formal adoption of the Strategic
            Approach at the International Conference on Chemicals Management. In order to overcome this
            difficulty, one solution discussed was to present in a separate table the unresolved activities that were
            marked with an asterisk. It would be understood that although it had not been possible to reach
            agreement on their inclusion in the global plan of action at the time the Strategic Approach was adopted,
            further consideration of these activities would be required as part of the implementation of the Strategic
            Approach. This possible solution for dealing with the unresolved activities has been taken up in the
            President’s revised version of the global plan of action. To assist comparison with the version of the
            global plan of action developed at the third session of the Committee, a table relating the new activity
            numbers to the previously used numbers is provided in annex II to the present note;
                     (c)     Footnotes 5 and 11 in the version of the global plan of action contained in the report of
            the third session of the Preparatory Committee have been deleted and the text in the Executive
            Summary corresponding to those notes conformed to the comparable text in paragraph 1 of the
            overarching policy strategy as proposed by the President. Those footnotes related to the possible
            deletion of references in the global plan of action to “targets and timeframes”. In the revised
            formulation, the word “possible” in paragraph 2 of the executive summary of the global plan of action,
            in combination with the adjective “their”, applies to all the elements represented by the headings in the
            global plan of action table;
                    (d)     Footnote 6 in the version of the global plan of action contained in the report of the third
            session of the Preparatory Committee was deleted, because the President has proposed inclusion of a
            “savings clause” in the High-Level Declaration;
                    (e)      Footnote 5 in the version of the global plan of action contained in the report of the third
            session of the Preparatory Committee was deleted. That footnote recorded that some participants had
            advocated the inclusion of a paragraph on requirements for financial resources to assist developing
            countries in undertaking activities set out in the global plan of action. The President proposes that the
            Conference accept the view expressed by other participants that financial considerations are best dealt
            with in the section of the overarching policy strategy entitled “financial considerations”;

            1
                     Barbados, Belarus, Brazil, Canada, Croatia, Egypt, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Japan, Nigeria, Slovenia,
            Switzerland, Thailand, Uruguay, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, the United Republic of
            Tanzania, the United States of America, the European Commission, the Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical
            Safety, the Inter-Organization Programme on Chemical Safety, the United Nations Environment Programme, the
            Asia Pacific Association for Medical Toxicology, the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, the
            International Council of Chemical Associations and the International POPs Elimination Network.



2
                                                                                           SAICM/ICCM.1/4

        (f)     Footnote 8 in the version of the global plan of action contained in the report of the third
session of the Preparatory Committee was deleted. That footnote related to what is now paragraph 7 (h)
of the executive summary of the President’s revised draft of the global plan of action. Some participants
had requested that this sentence, addressing the promotion of alternatives in order to reduce and phase
out highly toxic pesticides, be qualified with the phrase “where necessary”. The President proposes that
the Conference accept the view expressed by other participants that did not support that proposal;
        (g)     The text reflects the deletion of footnote 15 in the version of the global plan of action
contained in the report of the third session of the Preparatory Committee. That footnote concerned
references to the “SAICM institution”. In addition, corresponding references to the “SAICM institution”
have been deleted in the “actors” column of the global plan of action for activities 62, 75, 85–87, 104,
105, 109, 122, 133, 136, 137, 141, 182, 208, 259 and 262 in table B and activities 12 and 18 in table C
of the version of the global plan of action contained in annex I to the present note. This change was
made as it was not clear whether the term SAICM Institution referred to the International Conference on
Chemicals Management or the SAICM secretariat; what role either of those entities would play
concerning the specified activities; or why such references were limited to the aforementioned activities.
6.      The Conference may wish to take into account the President’s revised draft when seeking to
finalize the global plan of action. Should the Conference wish to accept the proposed deletions and the
approach for distinguishing agreed activities from those to be considered further during the
implementation of the Strategic Approach, the remaining issues to resolve would be:
        (a)     Conformance of the text in activity 182 in the global plan of action in accordance with
decisions made on the treatment of “principles and approaches” in the overarching policy strategy, as
indicated in footnote 5;
         (b)      Provision in the implementation arrangements for the Strategic Approach in relation to
hosting the Information Exchange Network on Capacity Building for the Sound Management of
Chemicals (INFOCAP), an issue identified in footnote 6 in relation to activity 214. This issue could be
left for resolution at a later date, given the understanding reached at the third session of the Preparatory
Committee that footnotes in the executive summary of the global plan of action need not be negotiated
at the Conference but should be taken up again in future.
7.     The secretariat has the honour to circulate the revised draft global plan of action prepared by the
President of the Preparatory Committee in annex I to the present note for the consideration of the
Conference.
SAICM/ICCM.1/4


Annex I

            Global Plan of Action
            Executive summary

            1.      The Global Plan of Action of the Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management
            has been structured into work areas and associated voluntary activities that may be undertaken by
            stakeholders in order to pursue the commitments and objectives expressed in the High-level Declaration
            and the Overarching Policy Strategy. These reaffirm the commitment expressed at the World Summit
            on Sustainable Development in the Johannesburg Plan of Implementation that by 2020 chemicals are
            used and produced in ways that lead to the minimization of significant adverse effects on human health
            and the environment.2 The plan should be regarded as a guidance document to be reviewed, as
            appropriate, and the activities should be considered and implemented, as appropriate, by stakeholders
            during the implementation of the Strategic Approach, according to their applicability.
            2.       The present executive summary aims to give policy-makers a brief overview of the structure of
            the Global Plan of Action and the list of actions that can be undertaken to achieve the objectives of the
            Strategic Approach. Within the Global Plan of Action, possible work areas and their associated
            activities, actors, targets and timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects are grouped
            according to five categories of objectives contained in the Overarching Policy Strategy of the Strategic
            Approach, namely, risk reduction, knowledge and information, governance, capacity-building and
            technical assistance, and illegal international traffic. For the purposes of the present executive summary,
            an additional heading, “Improved general practices”, is used in order to present cross-cutting measures
            that appear under more than one objective.
            3.      Four tables follow this executive summary. Table A provides a summary list of the possible
            work areas and the numbers of their associated activities. Table B lists the possible work areas together
            with their associated activities, designated actors, targets and timeframes, indicators of progress and
            implementation aspects, set out in five separate sections corresponding to the five categories of
            objectives listed in paragraph 2 above. Although each work area is listed under a single principal
            category in the summary table A, it may appear under several objectives in the detailed table B. The
            columns on actors, targets and timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not
            discussed at the third session of the Preparatory Committee for the Development of a Strategic
            Approach to International Chemicals Management and may warrant further consideration as part of
            implementation of the Strategic Approach. Table C contains activities on which consensus was not
            reached and which will require consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
            Table D provides a list of acronyms used in tables B and C.
            4.       The various categories of objectives, together with their corresponding work areas, are closely
            interconnected. Thus, numerous risk reduction actions are needed to protect human health and the
            environment from the unsound management of chemicals. A large number of these risk reduction
            actions will need to be supported by extensive improvements in our knowledge and information on
            chemicals, governance arrangements (including institutional coordination, regulatory frameworks and
            public policy) in all sectors involved with chemicals, and general practices associated with the sound
            management of chemicals throughout their life-cycles. Furthermore, meaningful and timely
            capacity-building and technical assistance in support of the actions of developing countries and
            countries with economies in transition are essential to making substantive improvements in reducing the
            risks to human health and the environment caused by the unsound management of chemicals.
            5.       The Global Plan of Action also serves as guidance to all stakeholders at the global, regional,
            national and local levels, including when assessing the current status of their actions in support of the
            sound management of chemicals and identifying priorities to address gaps in such management. It is
            emphasized that priorities and timeframes will differ between countries, reflecting, for instance, the
            current state of chemicals management and the capacity to carry out a given measure in a given country.
            It is anticipated that Governments and other stakeholders will adopt flexible programmes to build and
            sustain adequate and comprehensive capabilities for the sound management of chemicals consistent
            with national circumstances and the Strategic Approach objectives.

            2
                     Report of the World Summit on Sustainable Development, Johannesburg, South Africa,
            26 August4 September 2002 (United Nations publication, Sales No. E.03.II.A.I. and corrigendum) chap. I,
            resolution 2, annex.



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6.      In general, priority should be given to activities which:
        (a)   Focus on narrowing the gap between developed countries on the one hand and
developing countries and countries with economies in transition on the other hand in their capacities for
the sound management of chemicals;
        (b)     Facilitate the implementation of existing agreements and work areas;
        (c)     Target issues not currently addressed in existing agreements and work areas;
        (d)     Ensure that, by 2020:
                (i)     Chemicals or chemical uses that pose an unreasonable and otherwise
                unmanageable risk to human health and the environment based on a science-based risk
                assessment and taking into account the costs and benefits as well as the availability of
                safer substitutes and their efficacy are no longer produced or used for such uses;
                (ii)    The risks from unintended releases of chemicals that pose an unreasonable and
                otherwise unmanageable risk to human health and the environment based on a
                science-based risk assessment and taking into account the costs and benefits are
                minimized;
        (e)     Target chemicals that pose unreasonable and unmanageable risks;
       (f)     Promote the generation of adequate science-based knowledge on health and
environmental risks for chemicals and make it available to all stakeholders.
7.       For many of the work areas, it is important to work in a concerted manner in order to be most
effective. It is therefore critical for all stakeholders to take appropriate cooperative action on global
priorities. These include, among others:
        (a)   Integrating chemicals issues into the broader development agenda, including the
development of plans for prioritization of action in consultation with stakeholders, including vulnerable
groups;
        (b)     Promoting ratification and implementation of relevant existing international conventions
on health, safety, occupational health and safety and environment;
        (c)    Encouraging implementation of existing internationally recognized standards, tools and
approaches for environment and health and protection from chemicals, such as the Globally
Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals and pollutant release and transfer
registers;
        (d)     Promoting reduction of risks from mercury and other chemicals of global concern so
that they are minimized;
        (e)     Encouraging the reduction of the quantity and toxicity of hazardous wastes;
        (f)     Promoting efforts to prevent illegal traffic in chemicals and hazardous waste;
       (g)      Promoting greater coordination among regional and national centres and other
stakeholders in order to address the whole spectrum of issues regarding chemicals and hazardous waste;
        (h)     Promoting alternatives in order to reduce and phase out highly toxic pesticides;
      (i)    Promoting capacity-building, education and training and information exchange on sound
management of chemicals for all stakeholders;
        (j)     Promoting voluntary industry initiatives and product stewardship in all relevant
industries;
        (k)     Promoting the phase-out of lead in gasoline;
        (l)     Promoting the remediation of contaminated areas.




                                                                                                            5
SAICM/ICCM.1/4


            Measures to support risk reduction
            8.       Under the risk reduction objective, work areas aimed at protecting human health and the
            environment would include the development of action plans to address priority concerns in relation to
            groups with specific vulnerabilities. Examples of measures to safeguard the health of women and
            children are the minimization of chemical exposures before conception and through gestation, infancy,
            childhood and adolescence. Occupational health and safety for workers would be promoted through
            measures such as the establishment of national inspection systems and implementation of adequate
            occupational health and safety standards to minimize workplace hazards from chemicals. Groups of
            chemicals that might be prioritized for assessment and related studies, such as for the development and
            use of safe and effective alternatives, include: persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic substances (PBTs);
            very persistent and very bioaccumulative substances; chemicals that are carcinogens or mutagens or that
            adversely affect, inter alia, the reproductive, endocrine, immune or nervous systems; persistent organic
            pollutants (POPs); mercury and other chemicals of global concern; chemicals produced or used in high
            volumes; chemicals subject to wide dispersive uses; and other chemicals of concern at the national
            level. Minimization of hazardous wastes would be enhanced by national planning and policies,
            awareness-raising and protection of handlers, while contaminated sites would be subject to
            identification and remediation. Pollution prevention measures would include the phasing out of lead in
            gasoline. Capacities to deal with poisonings and other chemical incidents would be strengthened.
            Strengthening knowledge and information
            9.       Measures to strengthen knowledge and information would include improved education, training
            and awareness-raising activities aimed at those who may be exposed to toxic substances at any stage in
            the life cycle of chemicals and the generation and dissemination of data on the hazards of all chemicals
            in commerce, taking account of legitimate commercial confidentiality needs. Among other measures in
            this area would be stepped-up monitoring of the impacts of chemicals on health and the environment,
            harmonized risk assessments, efforts to implement the Globally Harmonized System of the
            Classification and Labelling of Chemicals, and the development and publication of national pollutant
            release and transfer registers.
            Governance: strengthening of institutions, law and policy
            10.      Central to the Strategic Approach’s governance objectives would be measures to review national
            legislation in order to ratify and implement existing international agreements dealing with chemicals
            and hazardous wastes, such as the Basel Convention on the Control of the Transboundary Movement of
            Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal, the Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent
            Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade, the Stockholm
            Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants, the International Labour Organization conventions on the
            protection of workers, and measures to improve coordination and synergies with respect to chemical
            safety policy and activities at the national and international levels. Another core area would be measures
            to ensure the participation of all stakeholders, including women in particular, in the management of the
            life cycle of chemicals. Measures to integrate chemicals management into strategies for development
            assistance, sustainable development and poverty reduction papers would be important to underpin the
            more effective direction of resources to chemical safety activities. Other measures under the governance
            category would include the development of systems for emergency preparedness and response in the
            case of chemical accidents, the consideration of chemicals use in protected areas, training in liability
            and compensation schemes in relation to damage to human health and the environment caused by the
            production and use of chemicals, and action to prevent and detect illegal trafficking of chemicals and
            hazardous wastes.
             Enhancing capacity-building
            11.      Capacity-building measures include training of personnel in order to provide the necessary skills
            to support the systematic implementation of the Strategic Approach at the local, national and regional
            levels in a coordinated way and across the full range of chemical safety needs, including strategic
            planning, risk assessment and management, testing and research and control of illegal traffic. Use would
            be made of information exchange mechanisms on capacity-building in order to ensure coordination.
            Addressing illegal international traffic
            12.      Actions at the national, regional and global levels are needed to prevent and detect illegal
            trafficking of chemicals and hazardous wastes, including efforts towards the more effective application
            of international conventions relating to transboundary movements of chemicals and hazardous waste.




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                                                                                       SAICM/ICCM.1/4

Improved general practices
13.     The list of work areas contains a number of activities to improve general chemicals management
practices, such as the development and implementation of cleaner production methods in accordance
with best available techniques and best environmental practices. Similarly, better agricultural methods,
including the use of non-chemical alternatives, would be promoted. Measures associated with improved
corporate social and environmental responsibility for the safe production and use of products would
include the further development and implementation of voluntary initiatives such as industry’s
Responsible Care programme and the International Code of Conduct on the Distribution and Use of
Pesticides of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.




                                                                                                      7
SAICM/ICCM.1/4


            Table A. Possible work areas and their associated activities

            Work Area                                                                            Activity
            1. Assessment of national chemicals management to identify gaps and prioritize       1, 165, 207
               actions
            2. Human health protection                                                           2–6
            3. Children and chemical safety                                                      7–10, 150–153,
                                                                                                 245246
            4.    Occupational health and safety                                                 11–21, 138–149, 255
            5.    Implementation of Globally Harmonized System of Classification and             22, 99–101, 168,
                  Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)                                                   248250
            6.    Highly toxic pesticides – risk management and reduction                        23–30, 114–117
            7.    Pesticide programmes                                                           31
            8.    Reduced health and environmental risks of pesticides                           32–42
            9.    Cleaner production                                                             43–46, 118, 238–242
            10.   Remediation of contaminated sites                                              47– 48, 243
            11.   Lead in gasoline                                                               49, 156, 244
            12.   Sound agricultural practices                                                   50–53, 158–160
            13.   Persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic substances (PBTs); very persistent and   54–56
                  very bioaccumulative substances; chemicals that are carcinogens or mutagens
                  or that adversely affect, inter alia, the reproductive, endocrine, immune or
                  nervous systems; persistent organic pollutants (POPs);
            14.   Mercury and other chemicals of global concern; chemicals produced or used in   57–60, 157
                  high volumes; those subject to wide dispersive uses; and other chemicals of
                  concern at the national level.
            15.   Risk assessment, management and communication                                  61–67, 127–137, 247
            16.   Waste management (and minimization)                                            68–73, 161–162,
                                                                                                 258262, 272–273
            17. Formulation of prevention and response measures to mitigate environmental        74–79, 237
                and health impacts of emergencies involving chemicals
            18. Research, monitoring and data                                                    80–87
            19. Hazard data generation and availability                                          88–97
            20. Promotion of industry participation and responsibility                           98, 189–192
            21. Information management and dissemination                                         102–113, 256
            22. Life cycle                                                                       119–123
            23. Pollutant release and transfer register (PRTRs) – creation of national and       124–126, 177–180
                international registers
            24. Education and training (public awareness)                                        154–155
            25. Stakeholder participation                                                        163–164
            26. Implementation of integrated national programmes for the sound management        166–167
                of chemicals at the national level in a flexible manner.
            27. International agreements                                                         169–176
            28. Social and economic considerations                                               181–188, 257
            29. Legal, policy and institutional aspects                                          193–198
            30. Liability and compensation                                                       199
            31. Stock-taking on progress                                                         200–201
            32. Protected areas                                                                  202–203, 253–254
            33. Prevention of illegal traffic in toxic and dangerous goods                       204, 263–271
            34. Trade and environment                                                            205, 251–252
            35. Civil society and public interest non-governmental organization (NGO)            206
                participation
            36. Capacity-building to support national actions                                    208–236




8
Table B. List of possible work areas and their associated activities, actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of
         progress and implementation aspects. 3
Work areas addressing risk reduction (objective 1)
Work area               Activities                                  Actors4                  Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
Assessment of national  1. Develop national profiles and            National Governments     2006–2010                  National profiles including          Interagency and multi-stakeholder
chemicals management    implement action plans for sound            Research centres                                    action plans are developed.          committees created to assist the
to identify gaps and    management of chemicals.                    IOMC (UNEP, FAO,                                                                         development of national profiles
prioritize actions                                                  WHO, UNIDO,
                                                                    UNITAR, UNDP)
                                                                    Trade unions
                                                                    NGOs
Human health             2. Fill gaps in abilities to access,       Industry                 2006–2020                  Gaps in abilities have               Improved availability of
protection               interpret and apply knowledge.             National Governments     (deliverables to be set    diminished.                          information on the hazards, risks
                                                                    Research centres         for each SAICM review                                           and safe use of chemicals
                                                                                             period)                                                         (including those in manufactured
                                                                    IOMC (WHO, OECD)                                                                         products), in forms relevant to end
                                                                    Trade unions                                                                             users, and improved use of
                                                                                                                                                             existing risk assessments
                         3. Develop and use new and                 IOMC (WHO, OECD)         2006–2020                  New and harmonized methods           Methods for assessment of
                         harmonized methods for risk                National Governments     (deliverables to be set    for risk assessment are              dose-response relationships and
                         assessment.                                                         for each SAICM review      developed.                           risks to vulnerable groups, in
                                                                                             period)                                                         particular children, pregnant
                                                                                                                                                             women and fertile people, the
                                                                                                                                                             elderly and the poor; new tools for
                                                                                                                                                             risk assessment
                         4. Develop better methods and              IOMC (WHO, OECD)         2006–2020                  Better methods and criteria to       Usable at the country level
                         criteria for determining the impact        Research centres         (deliverables to be set    determine impacts of chemicals       Means of determining human
                         of chemicals on human health (and                                   for each SAICM review      are developed.                       health impacts of policy decisions
                         thereby on the economy and                                          period)                    Chemicals and human health are
                         sustainable development), for setting                                                          included in the development
                         priorities for action, for the detection                                                       assistance agenda.
                         of chemicals, and for monitoring the
                         progress of SAICM.




               3
                       A list of the acronyms used in this table is set out in table D.
               4
                       Actors in bold are the principal actors.



               The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory                9
               Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing risk reduction (objective 1)
Work area               Activities                                Actors4                     Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
                        5. Build capacities of countries to       National Governments        2006–2020                  The number of countries with         An integrated approach to
                        deal with poisonings and chemical         Regional organizations      (deliverables to be set    capacity to deal with poisoning      establishment and strengthening of
                        incidents.                                IOMC (UNEP, WHO)            for each SAICM review      and chemicals incidents has          poisons centres and surveillance,
                                                                                              period)                    increased.                           alert and response mechanisms for
                                                                                                                                                              chemical incidents
                                                                                                                                                              Technical cooperation on a
                                                                                                                                                              regional basis
                          6. Include a range of preventive        National Governments        2006–2020                  A range of preventive strategies     Education and awareness-raising
                          strategies.                             IOMC (WHO)                  (deliverables to be set    is included internationally,         Capacity building in risk
                                                                                              for each SAICM review      regionally and nationally.           communication
                                                                                              period)
Children and chemical     7. Develop guidance materials to        IOMC (UNEP, ILO,            2006–2010                  Initial national assessments of      Guidance for assessments
safety                    assist in the preparation of initial    WHO, UNIDO, OECD)                                      children’s environmental health
                          national assessments of children’s       UNICEF, National                                      and chemical safety are
                          environmental health and the            Governments                                            undertaken in all countries.
                          identification of priority concerns;    Stakeholders                                           Action plans are prepared and
                          develop and implement action plans                                                             are in use.
                          to address those priority concerns.     Regional organizations
                                                                  NGOs
                          8. Establish needed infrastructure      National Governments        2006–2010                  Infrastructure is established.       Collection of additional
                          for research that will reduce           IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                                                            toxicological data on endpoints of
                          uncertainty in risk assessment.         WHO, UNIDO, OECD,                                                                           particular relevance to children,
                                                                  UNDP)                                                                                       i.e., in utero or post-natal
                                                                                                                                                              development and growth, and data
                                                                                                                                                              that would help identify or
                                                                                                                                                              quantify the extent to which
                                                                                                                                                              children are exposed to chemicals
                                                                                                                                                              of concern
                                                                                                                                                              Trained researchers
                          9. Develop mechanisms to share and      IOMC (UNEP, ILO,            2006–2010                  Mechanisms are developed.
                          disseminate information that can be     WHO, UNIDO, OECD,
                          used to reduce uncertainty in risk      UNDP)
                          assessment.                             NGOs
                                                                  IFCS




10              The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
                Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing risk reduction (objective 1)
Work area               Activities                                Actors4                     Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
                        10. Eliminate as a priority any child     IOMC (ILO)                  2006–2010                  The number of countries with         Model legislation
                        labour that involves hazardous            National Governments                                   legislation prohibiting child
                        substances.                               Trade unions,                                          labour involving hazardous
                                                                                                                         substances has increased.
                                                                  NGOs
                                                                                                                         The capacity to implement and
                                                                                                                         enforce such legislation has
                                                                                                                         improved in all countries.
                                                                                                                         The number of countries that
                                                                                                                         have ratified the ILO convention
                                                                                                                         on child labour has increased.
Occupational health and   11. Develop harmonized data             IOMC (ILO, WHO)             2006–2010                  Harmonized data elements for         ILO Global Strategy on
safety                    elements on occupational health and     National Governments                                   recording relevant workplace         Occupational Safety and Health
                          safety for recording relevant           Trade unions                                           data are developed.                  Standards and guidance
                          workplace data in company-specific
                          databases.                              Industry
                          12. Consider legislation to protect     National Governments        2006–2010                  Legislation is fully implemented     Guidance developed on
                          the health of workers and the public,   IOMC (ILO)                                             in all relevant sectors.             implementation
                          covering the entire spectrum of         Trade unions
                          work situations in which chemicals
                          are handled, including such sectors     Industry
                          as agriculture and health.
                          13. Develop a system of health and      IOMC (ILO, WHO)             2006–2010                  Health and environmental impact      ILO Global Strategy on
                          environmental impact assessment in      National Governments                                   assessments are made part of         Occupational Safety and Health
                          chemicals handling and incorporate      Trade unions                                           OHS programmes in all
                          it in occupational safety and health                                                           countries.
                          programmes.                             Industry
                                                                  NGOs
                          14. Develop, enhance, update and        IOMC (ILO)                  2006–2010                  ILO safe work standards and          ILO Global Strategy on
                          implement ILO safe work standards,      National Governments                                   guidelines are implemented in all    Occupational Safety and Health
                          ILO guidelines on occupational          Trade unions                                           countries.                           Availability of implementable
                          safety and health management                                                                   Other non-binding guidelines         methodologies
                          system (ILO-OSH 2001) and other         Industry
                                                                                                                         and codes of practice to promote     Updating of legislation
                          non-binding guidelines and codes of                                                            sound chemicals management
                          practice, including those particular                                                           are identified, documented and
                          to indigenous and tribal populations.                                                          implemented.
                                                                                                                         Indigenous and tribal practices
                                                                                                                         are identified, documented and
                                                                                                                         implemented.




                The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory               11
                Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing risk reduction (objective 1)
Work area               Activities                                Actors4                     Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
                        15. Develop national occupational         National Governments        2006–2010                  OHS policies refer specifically to   ILO Global Strategy on
                        safety and health policies containing     Trade unions                                           chemicals in all countries.          Occupational Safety and Health
                        specific text on chemicals                Industry                                               National occupational health and     Incorporation of the needs of
                        management, with a clear emphasis                                                                safety policies which emphasize      workers in small and
                        on preventive measures, requiring         IOMC (ILO, WHO)
                                                                                                                         preventive measures are              medium-sized enterprises, the
                        that workplace risk assessments and       NGOs                                                   developed and implemented in         informal sector, migrant workers,
                        hazard prevention measures be                                                                    all countries.                       undocumented workers and
                        carried out based on the recognized                                                                                                   undocumented migrant workers,
                        hierarchy of prevention and control                                                                                                   the self-employed, wage workers
                        measures.                                                                                                                             and vulnerable groups, including
                                                                                                                                                              children, young persons, women
                                                                                                                                                              and the elderly in addressing risk
                                                                                                                                                              reduction programmes for
                                                                                                                                                              chemical safety in the workplace
                                                                                                                                                              Guidance material
                          16. Establish integrated programmes     IOMC (ILO, FAO,             2006–2010                  Integrated programmes for all        ILO Global Strategy on
                          for all public health and safety        WHO, UNIDO,                                            public health and safety             Occupational Safety and Health
                          practitioners and professionals, with   UNITAR)                                                practitioners and professionals,     Training institutions and material
                          an emphasis on identification,          National Governments                                   with an emphasis on
                          assessment and control of               Trade unions                                           identification, assessment and
                          occupational chemical risk factors in                                                          control of occupational chemical
                                                                  Industry
                          all workplaces (such as industrial,                                                            risk factors, are established and
                          rural, business and services).          NGOs                                                   implemented in all countries.
                          17. Promote exchange of                 IOMC (ILO, FAO,             2006–2010                  Systems for information              ILO Global Strategy on
                          information on successful               WHO, UNIDO,                                            exchange are established in every    Occupational Safety and Health
                          experiences and projects related to     UNITAR)                                                country.                             Infrastructure
                          chemical occupational safety and        National Governments
                          health.                                 Trade unions
                                                                  Industry
                                                                  NGOs
                          18. Develop and disseminate             National Governments        2006–2010                  Safety data sheets are developed     Training of professionals
                          chemical safety data sheets to assist   IOMC (WHO)                                             and disseminated.                    Infrastructure for dissemination of
                          enterprises in protecting their         Industry                                                                                    safety data sheets
                          workers.
                                                                  Trade unions




12              The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
                Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing risk reduction (objective 1)
Work area               Activities                                    Actors4                     Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
                        19. Avoid worker exposure through             National Governments        2005–2010                  The number of cases of               Awareness-raising for employers
                        technical measures where possible;            IOMC (FAO)                                             occupational diseases and            and employees
                        provide appropriate protective                Industry                                               accidents shows a constant           Building of technical capacity
                        equipment; improve the acceptance                                                                    declining trend.
                        of wearing protective equipment and           Trade unions
                                                                                                                             Research on protective
                        stimulate further research on                                                                        equipment gives practicable
                        protective equipment to be used                                                                      results.
                        under hot and humid conditions.
                        20. Protect workers from chemicals            National Governments        2005–2010                  The number of cases of               Awareness-raising for employers
                        causing asbestosis, other                     Trade unions                                           asbestosis and other                 and employees.
                        asbestos-related diseases and                 Industry                                               asbestos-related diseases and        Legislation
                        occupational cancers, and those                                                                      occupational cancers shows a
                        chemicals included in the Rotterdam                                                                  constant declining trend.
                        Convention because of their
                        occupational risks and other
                        hazardous chemicals based on their
                        occupational health risks.
                        21. Develop guidance on a                     IOMC (ILO, FAO,             2006–2010                  Guidance is developed.               Establishment of working groups
                        harmonized approach to the setting            WHO, UNIDO,                                                                                 internationally and nationally
                        of occupational exposure limits.              UNITAR)
                                                                      Trade unions
Implementation of GHS         22. Establish roles and                 IOMC (ILO, FAO,             2007                       Roles and responsibilities of        International initiative:
                              responsibilities of employers,          WHO, UNITAR,                                           employers, employees, chemical       UNITAR/ILO GHS
                              employees, chemical suppliers and       OECD)                                                  suppliers and Governments in the     Capacity-building programme
                              Governments in the implementation       National Governments                                   implementation of GHS are            Model legislation
                              of GHS.                                 Industry                                               established and disseminated in
                                                                                                                             all countries.
                                                                      Trade unions
Highly toxic                  23. Encourage full implementation       National Governments        2006–2010                  The number of countries that         FAO awareness-raising on the
pesticides – risk             of the FAO International Code of        IOMC (FAO)                                             have adopted the FAO                 Code of Conduct
management and                Conduct on the Distribution and Use     Industry (CropLife                                     International Code of Conduct on     Life-cycle approach to pesticide
reduction                     of Pesticides.                          International)                                         the Distribution and Use of          management at the national level
                                                                                                                             Pesticides has increased.
                                                                      NGOs
                                                                                                                             Implementation strategies for the
                                                                                                                             FAO International Code of
                                                                                                                             Conduct are developed and
                                                                                                                             implemented in all countries.




                    The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory              13
                    Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing risk reduction (objective 1)
Work area               Activities                                Actors4                     Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
                        24. Give appropriate priority to pest     National Governments        2006–2010                  National sustainable                 National financial resources
                        and pesticide management in               Agriculture industry                                   development strategies and           Model framework
                        national sustainable development          (CropLife International)                               poverty reduction papers have
                        strategies and poverty reduction          IOMC (FAO)                                             incorporated pest and pesticide
                        papers to enable access to relevant                                                              management as a priority
                                                                  Trade unions, NGOs
                        technical and financial assistance,                                                              component, thus enabling access
                        including appropriate technology.                                                                to relevant technical and
                                                                                                                         financial assistance in all
                                                                                                                         countries.
                          25. Base national decisions on          National Governments        2006–2010                  Hazard evaluations of all highly     National financial resources
                          highly toxic pesticides on an           IOMC (FAO)                                             toxic pesticides are undertaken in   Methodology
                          evaluation of their intrinsic hazards                                                          all countries.                       Need to take into account common
                          and anticipated local exposure to                                                              Exposure assessments are             conditions of use and the need to
                          them.                                                                                          undertaken under local               reduce risks
                                                                                                                         conditions in all countries.
                          26. Prioritize the procurement of       National Governments        2006–2010                  National and industrial              Procurement policies
                          least hazardous pest control            Agriculture industry                                   procurement policies include the     Best available techniques
                          measures and use best practices to      (CropLife International)                               purchase of the least hazardous
                          avoid excessive or inappropriate        Trade unions                                           pest control measures in all
                          supplies of chemicals.                                                                         countries.
                                                                  IOMC (FAO)
                                                                                                                         Use of best available techniques
                                                                                                                         is given high priority in all
                                                                                                                         countries.
                          27. Promote development and use of      Agriculture industry        2011–2015                  Use of highly toxic pesticides is    Alternatives available.
                          reduced-risk pesticides and             (CropLife International)                               reduced in all countries.            Local experience in use of
                          substitution for highly toxic           IOMC (FAO)                                             Use of non-chemical control          pesticides
                          pesticides as well as effective and                                                            measures is promoted in all          Sensitization of users of pesticides
                                                                  National Governments
                          non-chemical alternative means of                                                              countries.
                          pest control.                           Trade unions                                                                                Non-chemical control methods
                                                                                                                         Use of reduced-risk pesticides is
                                                                  Farmer organizations                                   promoted in all countries.
                                                                  NGOs
                          28. Distinguish programmes that         IOMC (UNEP, FAO,            2006–2010                  Programmes that have achieved        OECD risk reduction programmes
                          have achieved cost effective,           WHO, OECD, UNDP,                                       significant and sustainable risk     in the use of pesticides
                          significant and sustainable risk        World Bank)                                            reductions are documented and
                          reductions from those which have                                                               disseminated.
                          not, and incorporate evaluation
                          mechanisms and measures of
                          progress in future programmes.




14              The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
                Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing risk reduction (objective 1)
Work area               Activities                                Actors4                     Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
                        29. Promote integrated pest and           IOMC (UNEP, FAO,            2006–2010                  Integrated pest and integrated       Model legislation
                        integrated vector management.             WHO, OECD, UNDP,                                       vector management are practised      Agricultural extension services
                                                                  World Bank)                                            in all countries and are included    Training institutions and material
                                                                  National Governments                                   in national agricultural and
                                                                  Trade unions                                           health strategies.
                                                                  NGOs
                          30. Encourage industry to extend        National Governments        2006–2010                  Voluntary product stewardship        Industry initiatives
                          product stewardship and to              IOMC (UNEP, FAO,                                       initiatives are introduced in all
                          voluntarily withdraw highly toxic       WHO, UNIDO, OECD,                                      countries.
                          pesticides which are hazardous and      UNDP, World Bank)                                      Voluntary withdrawals of highly
                          cannot be used safely under             Trade unions                                           toxic chemicals are undertaken.
                          prevalent conditions.                                                                          Presence of highly toxic
                                                                  Industry (CropLife
                                                                  International)                                         chemicals on the market is
                                                                                                                         reduced.
Pesticide programmes      31. Establish pesticide management      National Governments        2006–2010                  Regulation of availability,          National legislation
                          programmes to regulate the              IOMC (FAO)                                             distribution and use of pesticides   Technical capacity
                          availability, distribution and use of                                                          is put in place in all countries.
                          pesticides and, where appropriate,
                          consider the FAO Code of Conduct
                          on the Distribution and Use of
                          Pesticides.
Reduced health and        32. Implement a pesticide               National Governments        2010–2015                  Pesticide registration and control   National legislation
environmental risks of    registration and control system         IOMC (FAO, UNEP,                                       systems are implemented in all       Technical capacity
pesticides                which controls risks from the initial   UNDP, World Bank)                                      countries.
                          point of production/formulation to
                          the disposal of obsolete products or
                          containers.
                          33. Review pesticides available on      National Governments        2011–2015                  All countries ensure that            National legislation
                          the market to ensure their use in       IOMC (FAO)                                             pesticides on the market are used    Technical capacity
                          accordance with approved licenses.                                                             in accordance with approved
                                                                                                                         licenses.
                          34. Establish health surveillance       National Governments        2006–2010                  Health surveillance programmes       Training of workers to recognize
                          programmes.                             IOMC (ILO, FAO,                                        are put in place.                    symptoms of pesticide poisonings
                                                                  WHO)
                                                                  Trade unions
                          35. Establish poisoning information     National Governments        2006–2010                  Poisoning information and            Infrastructure
                          and control centres, systems for data   Medical institutions                                   control centres are established.     Technical capacity
                          collection and analysis.                IOMC (WHO)




                The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory               15
                Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing risk reduction (objective 1)
Work area               Activities                                 Actors4                    Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
                        36. Provide extension and advisory         IOMC (FAO)                 2006–2010                  Information on integrated pest       Infrastructure for information
                        services and farmer organizations          Trade unions                                          management is distributed to         exchange
                        with information on integrated pest        Farmer organizations                                  farmer organizations and             Awareness-raising
                        management strategies and methods.                                                               extension services.
                        37. Ensure proper storage conditions       National Governments       2007–2015                  Pesticides are stored properly in    Awareness-raising
                        for pesticides at the point of sale, in    Industry                                              all countries.
                        warehouses and on farms.                   Trade unions
                                                                   Farmer organizations
                                                                   IOMC (FAO)
                          38. Establish a programme to             National Governments       2006–2010                  Programmes for monitoring            Laboratory capacity
                          monitor pesticide residues in food       IOMC (UNEP, FAO,                                      pesticide residues are put in        Technical capacity
                          and the environment.                     WHO)                                                  place in all countries.
                          39. Make less toxic pesticides           Industry                   2006–2010                  Less toxic pesticides are            Awareness-raising
                          available for sale and use.              IOMC (FAO)                                            available in all countries.
                          40. License and sell pesticide           National Governments       2006–2010                  Only ready-to-use containers are     Legislation
                          products in containers that are ready    Industry                                              licensed or sold.                    Awareness-raising
                          to use, unattractive for re-use,         IOMC (FAO)                                            Pesticide products are labelled
                          inaccessible to children and labelled                                                          with clear instructions for use.
                          with clear, unambiguous directions
                          that are understandable for local
                          users.
                          41. Ensure that agricultural workers     IOMC (FAO)                 2006–2010                  Agricultural workers are trained     Training programmes
                          are appropriately trained in safe        Trade unions                                          in safe application of pesticides.   Infrastructure for training
                          application methods and that             Farmer organizations
                          personal protections are sufficient to
                          allow the safe use of products.          Agricultural extension
                                                                   services
                          42. Promote the availability and use     Industry                   2006–2010                  Availability and use of personal     Awareness-raising
                          of personal protective equipment.        Trade unions                                          protective equipment is
                                                                   IOMC (FAO)                                            promoted.
                                                                   Farmer organizations




16              The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
                Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing risk reduction (objective 1)
Work area               Activities                               Actors4                     Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
Cleaner production      43. Encourage sustainable                IOMC (UNEP, ILO,            2011–2015                  Mechanisms to encourage              Establishment of national cleaner
                        production and use, and promote the      FAO, WHO, UNIDO,                                       sustainable production and use       production centres
                        transfer, implementation and             OECD, UNDP, World                                      and the transfer of appropriate      BAT/BEP
                        adoption of pollution prevention         Bank)                                                  clean technologies are
                        policies and cleaner production          National Governments                                   established in all countries.
                        technologies, in particular best         Industry                                               Implementation of BAT/BEP is
                        available techniques and best                                                                   promoted.
                        environmental practices                  National cleaner
                        (BAT/BEP).                               production centres
                                                                 Trade unions
                                                                 NGOs
                                                                 academia
                         44. Promote the development and         Industry                    2011–2015                  Systems for evaluating risks and     Development of methodology
                         use of products and processes that      Trade unions                                           criteria for substitution are        UNIDO project, Regional
                         pose lesser risks.                      IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                       established.                         Network on Safe Pesticide
                                                                 FAO, WHO, UNIDO,                                       A list of alternatives and their     Production and Information for
                                                                 OECD, UNDP, World                                      properties is published and          Asia and the Pacific (RENPAP)
                                                                 Bank)                                                  disseminated to assist in            Alternative chemicals
                                                                 Basel Convention                                       decision-making.
                                                                 Secretariat                                            List of substituted hazard
                                                                                                                        chemicals is published and
                                                                                                                        disseminated.
                         45. Incorporate the concept of          National Governments        2011–2015                  Pollution prevention is              Training institutions and material
                         pollution prevention in policies,       Trade unions                                           incorporated in all chemical
                         programmes and activities on            NGOs                                                   management initiatives.
                         chemicals management.                                                                          Pollution prevention initiatives
                                                                 IOMC (UNEP, ILO,
                                                                 FAO, WHO, UNIDO,                                       are implemented.
                                                                 OECD, UNDP, World
                                                                 Bank)
                         46. Support the further development     National Governments        2006–2010                  FAO/WHO specifications on            Model legislation
                         and adoption of FAO and WHO             IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                       pesticides are developed and
                         specifications on pesticides            FAO, WHO, UNIDO,                                       adopted in all countries.
                                                                 OECD, UNDP, World
                                                                 Bank)
                                                                 NGOs




               The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory               17
               Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing risk reduction (objective 1)
Work area               Activities                                    Actors4                    Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
Remediation of          47. Identify contaminated sites and           IOMC (FAO, ILO,            2010–2020                  Contaminated site remediation        African Stockpiles Programme
contaminated sites      hotspots and develop and implement            UNIDO, UNDP, World                                    plans are developed for all          Model legislation
                        contaminated site remediation plans           Bank)                                                 contaminated sites in all
                        to reduce risks to the public and to          Basel Convention                                      countries.
                        the environment.                              Secretariat
                                                                      National Governments
                                                                      Private sector
                                                                      NGOs
                             48. Ensure the remediation of            National Governments       2016–2020                  Mandatory remediation of             Model legislation
                             contaminated sites, including those      Industry                                              contaminated sites is included in
                             caused by accidents.                                                                           national legislation in all
                                                                                                                            countries.
                                                                                                                            Contingency plans for handling
                                                                                                                            accidents involving chemicals
                                                                                                                            are put in place.
Lead in gasoline             49. Eliminate lead in gasoline.          National Governments       2006–2010                  Lead in gasoline is eliminated.      Model legislation
                                                                      IOMC (UNEP, WHO,                                                                           Import decisions under Rotterdam
                                                                      UNIDO, UNDP, World                                                                         Convention on tetraethyl and
                                                                      Bank)                                                                                      tetramethyl lead
                                                                      GEF
                                                                      Industry
Sound agricultural           50. Develop schemes for integrated       IOMC (UNEP, ILO,           2006–2010                  Schemes are developed.               Technical expertise
practices                    pest management.                         FAO, WHO, UNDP,                                                                            Infrastructure for dissemination of
                                                                      World Bank)                                                                                information
                                                                                                                                                                 Awareness-raising
                             51. Provide training in alternative      IOMC (UNEP, ILO,           2006 –2010                 Training programmes in               Methodologies and techniques
                             and ecological agricultural practices,   FAO, WHO, UNDP,                                       alternative and ecological
                             including non-chemical alternatives.     World Bank)                                           agricultural practices including
                                                                      National Governments                                  non-chemical alternatives are
                                                                      Research and accredited                               developed for all countries.
                                                                      training institutions
                                                                      Industry
                                                                      Trade unions
                                                                      NGOs




18                 The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
                   Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing risk reduction (objective 1)
Work area               Activities                                 Actors4                     Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
                        52. Promote access to lower-risk or        National Governments        2006–2010                  Access is promoted.                  Awareness-raising
                        safer pesticides.                          IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                                                            Infrastructure for dissemination of
                                                                   FAO, WHO, UNDP,                                                                             information
                                                                   World Bank)
                                                                   Trade unions
                           53. Undertake development of pest-      National Governments        Ongoing activity           Pest and disease resistant crops     Research capacity
                           and disease-resistant crop varieties.   Agriculture industry                                   have increased.
                                                                   Research institutions
                                                                   IOMC (FAO)
                                                                   CGIAR
Persistent,                54. Promote the use of safe and         National Governments        2016–2020                  Alternatives are identified and      Risk assessment methodology
bioaccumulative and        effective alternatives, including       Research centres                                       are in use.                          Access to information on
toxic substances           non-chemical alternatives to organic    Trade unions                                                                                alternatives to persistent,
(PBTs); very persistent    chemicals that are highly toxic,                                                                                                    bioaccumulative and toxic
and very                   persistent and bioaccumulative.         NGOs
                                                                                                                                                               substances (PBTs); very persistent
bioaccumulative                                                    Industry                                                                                    and very bioaccumulative
substances; chemicals                                              IOMC (UNEP, FAO,                                                                            substances; chemicals that are
that are carcinogens or                                            WHO, UNIDO,                                                                                 carcinogens or mutagens or that
mutagens or that                                                   UNITAR, OECD,                                                                               adversely affect, inter alia, the
adversely affect, inter                                            UNDP, World Bank)                                                                           reproductive, endocrine, immune
alia, the reproductive,                                                                                                                                        or nervous systems; persistent
endocrine, immune or                                                                                                                                           organic pollutants (POPs)
nervous system;                                                                                                                                                Clear identification of priorities
persistent organic                                                                                                                                             for management of toxic
pollutants (POPs)                                                                                                                                              chemicals




                 The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory               19
                 Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing risk reduction (objective 1)
Work area               Activities                                Actors4                     Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
                        55. Prioritize for assessment and         Industry                    2016–2020                  Groups of chemicals posing an        Risk assessment methodology
                        related studies groups of chemicals       National Governments                                   unreasonable and otherwise           Training
                        posing an unreasonable and                Trade unions                                           unmanageable risk for human
                        otherwise unmanageable risk for                                                                  health and the environment,
                        human health and the environment,         IOMC (UNEP, FAO,                                       which might include persistent
                        which might include: persistent           WHO, UNIDO,                                            bioaccumulative and toxic
                        bioaccumulative and toxic                 UNITAR, OECD,                                          substances (PBTs); very
                        substances, (PBTs); very persistent       UNDP, World Bank)                                      persistent and very
                        and very bioaccumulative                                                                         bioaccumulative substances;
                        substances; chemicals that are                                                                   chemicals that are carcinogens,
                        carcinogens or mutagens or that                                                                  mutagens or that adversely
                        adversely affect, inter alia, the                                                                affect, inter alia, the
                        reproductive, endocrine, immune or                                                               reproductive, endocrine, immune
                        nervous system; and persistent                                                                   or nervous systems; and
                        organic pollutants (POPs).                                                                       persistent organic pollutants
                                                                                                                         (POPs), are prioritized for
                                                                                                                         assessment and related studies.
                          56. Articulate an integrated            National Governments        2016–2020                  An integrated approach to            Model legislation
                          approach to chemicals management        Trade unions                                           chemicals management is              Training
                          taking into account multilateral        NGOs                                                   developed and implemented in         Industry initiatives
                          environmental agreements and                                                                   all countries.
                          strategies that target a broad          Industry                                                                                    Development and promotion of
                          spectrum of chemicals.                  IOMC (UNEP, FAO,                                                                            reformulations and substitutions
                                                                  WHO, UNIDO,
                                                                  UNITAR, OECD,
                                                                  UNDP, World Bank)
                                                                  Basel Convention
                                                                  Secretariat




20              The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
                Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing risk reduction (objective 1)
Work area               Activities                                Actors4                     Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
Mercury and other       57. Promote reduction of the risks        National Governments        2006–2015                  Risks posed by chemicals that        Risk assessment methodology
chemicals of global     posed to human health and the             NGOs                                                   are harmful to human health and      Training available
concern; chemicals      environment, especially by lead,          Industry                                               the environment, especially lead,
produced or used in     mercury and cadmium, by sound                                                                    mercury and cadmium, are
high volumes; those     environmental management,                 IOMC (UNEP, WHO,                                       reduced in all countries.
subject to wide         including a thorough review of            UNIDO, UNITAR,
                                                                  OECD, UNDP, World                                      Relevant studies are identified
dispersive uses; and    relevant studies such as the UNEP                                                                and documented.
other chemicals of      global assessment of mercury and its      Bank)
                                                                                                                         A review of relevant studies is
concern at the national compounds.                                                                                       carried out and the results
level.                                                                                                                   published and disseminated.
                                                                                                                         Environmentally sound
                                                                                                                         technologies for reduction of
                                                                                                                         risks associated with lead,
                                                                                                                         especially for small recycling
                                                                                                                         enterprises, are put in place and
                                                                                                                         are in use.
                          58. Consider the need for further       IOMC (UNEP, UNIDO)          2005–2008                  Further action on mercury is         Analysis of options
                          action on mercury, considering a full   (Cleaner production                                    taken.                               Technical capacity
                          range of options, including the         centres)
                          possibility of a legally binding
                          instrument, partnerships and other
                          actions (based on UNEP Governing
                          Council decision 23/9).
                          59. Take immediate action to reduce     IOMC (UNEP, UNIDO)          2005–2010                  Further action is taken.             Legislation
                          the risk to human health and the        (Cleaner production
                          environment posed on a global scale     centres)
                          by mercury in products and
                          production processes (based on
                          UNEP Governing Council decision
                          23/9).
                          60. Consider the review of scientific   IOMC (UNEP)                 2007                       Necessary actions are initiated.     Assessment of the need for global
                          information, focusing especially on     National Governments                                                                        action
                          long-range environmental transport,
                          to inform future discussions on the
                          need for global action in relation to
                          lead and cadmium, to be presented
                          to the Governing Council at its
                          twenty-fourth session in 2007 (based
                          on UNEP Governing Council
                          decision 23/9).




                The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory              21
                Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing risk reduction (objective 1)
Work area               Activities                                 Actors4                    Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress                Implementation aspects
Risk assessment,        61. When assessing risk to the             IOMC (UNEP, ILO,           2006–2010                  An assessment of whether              Evaluate whether additional risk
management and          general population, consider               WHO, UNIDO,                                           children and pregnant women           management actions are needed on
communication           whether certain segments of the            UNITAR, OECD,                                         have differential susceptibility is   a chemical-by-chemical basis.
                        population (i.e., children, pregnant       UNDP, World Bank)                                     carried out.
                        women) have differential                   National Governments
                        susceptibility or exposure.

                          62. Implement warning systems            IOMC (WHO)                 2011–2015                  Warning systems with regard to        Design
                          with regard to the risks posed by the                                                          the risks posed by the                Location
                          production, use or disposal of                                                                 production, use or disposal of        Management
                          chemicals.                                                                                     chemicals are established in all
                                                                                                                         regions.
                          63. Apply science-based approaches,      National Governments       2006–2010                  Science-based approaches are          Sufficient number of scientists
                          including those from among existing      NGOs                                                  used in decision-making in all        Training and education in science
                          tools from IOMC organizations on,        IOMC (UNEP, OECD)                                     countries.                            Awareness-raising
                          inter alia, test guidelines, good
                          laboratory practices, mutual
                          acceptance of data, new chemicals,
                          existing chemicals, tools and
                          strategies for testing and assessment.
                          64. Encourage the development of         National Governments       2006–2010                  Simplified and standardized tools     Sufficient number of scientists
                          simplified and standardized tools for    NGOs                                                  for integrating science into          Training and education in science
                          integrating science into policy and      IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                      policy are developed and              Awareness-raising
                          decision-making relating to              FAO, WHO, UNIDO,                                      implemented in all countries.
                          chemicals, particularly guidance on                                                                                                  Appropriate policies
                                                                   UNITAR, OECD,                                         A framework for integrating
                          risk assessment and risk                 UNDP, World Bank)                                     standardized tools into policy is
                          management methodologies.                                                                      developed and is in use.
                          65. Establish knowledge on risk          IOMC (UNEP, ILO,           2006–2010                  Knowledge on risk assessment          Awareness-raising
                          assessment procedures, building on       FAO, WHO, UNIDO,                                      procedures is increased.              Infrastructure for dissemination of
                          existing products such as those          UNITAR, OECD,                                                                               information
                          generated by OECD, including, inter      UNDP, World Bank)
                          alia, guidance on the OECD High
                          Production Volume Chemicals
                          hazard assessments, (Quantitative
                          Structure Activity Relationship
                          ((Q)SAR) Analysis, review of
                          pesticide hazards and fate studies,
                          emission exposure scenario
                          documents, information exchange
                          and coordination mechanisms.



22              The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
                Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing risk reduction (objective 1)
Work area               Activities                                 Actors4                    Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
                        66. Establish programmes for               National Governments       2006–2015                  Monitoring programmes are            Technical capacity
                        monitoring chemicals and pesticides                                                              established.                         Regional cooperation
                        to assess exposure.
                        67. Apply life-cycle management            National Governments       2006–2010                  Life-cycle management                Appropriate policies
                        approaches to ensure that chemicals        Industry                                              approaches are applied.              Awareness-raising
                        management decisions are
                        consistent with the goals of
                        sustainable development.
Waste management        68. Facilitate the identification and      Basel Convention           2006–2020                  All obsolete stocks of pesticides    Africa Stockpiles Programme
(and minimization)      disposal of obsolete stocks of             Secretariat, BCRCs,                                   and other chemicals are              Methodology
                        pesticides and other chemicals             Stockholm Convention                                  identified and disposed of.          Identification of stockpiles of
                        (especially PCBs), particularly in         Secretariat, IOMC (ILO,                                                                    other chemicals
                        developing countries and countries         FAO, WHO, UNIDO,
                        with economies in transition.              OECD, UNDP, World                                                                          Demonstration and promotion of
                                                                   Bank)                                                                                      appropriate destruction
                                                                                                                                                              technologies
                                                                   Montreal Protocol
                                                                   National Governments
                                                                   Industry
                                                                   Trade unions
                                                                   NGOs
                          69. Establish and implement              National Governments       2011–2015                  National action plans with           Model action plans
                          national action plans with respect to    BCRCs                                                 respect to waste minimization        Training
                          waste minimization and waste             Trade unions                                          and waste disposal are developed
                          disposal, taking into consideration                                                            and implemented in all countries.
                          relevant international agreements        NGOs
                          and by using the cradle-to-cradle
                          and cradle-to-grave approaches.
                          70. Prevent and minimize hazardous       Industry                   2016–2020                  Alternatives are identified and      Assessment methodology
                          waste generation through the             IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                      introduced.                          Training
                          application of best practices,           FAO, WHO, UNIDO,                                                                           Development and promotion of
                          including the use of alternatives that   OECD, UNDP, World                                                                          safer alternatives
                          pose less risk.                          Bank)
                                                                   Basel Convention
                                                                   Secretariat
                                                                   National cleaner
                                                                   production centres
                                                                   Trade unions
                                                                   NGOs




                The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory              23
                Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing risk reduction (objective 1)
Work area               Activities                                Actors4                     Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
                        71. Implement the Basel Convention        Industry                    2006–2010                  Waste reduction measures at          Training
                        and waste reduction measures at           BCRCs                                                  source are implemented in all        Awareness-raising
                        source and identify other waste           National cleaner                                       chemical plants.                     Development and promotion of
                        issues that require full                  production centres                                     The Basel Convention is              best available techniques
                        cradle-to-cradle and cradle-to-grave                                                             implemented in all countries.
                        consideration of the fate of              IOMC (ILO, FAO,
                        chemicals in production and at the        WHO, UNIDO, OECD,
                        end of the useful life of products in     UNDP, World Bank)
                        which they are present.                   Montreal Protocol
                                                                  Trade unions
                                                                  NGOs
                          72. Carry out measures that will        National Governments        2006–2010                  Measures to inform, educate and      Particular attention to waste
                          inform, educate and protect waste       Trade unions                                           protect waste handlers and           pickers and other actors in the
                          handlers and small-scale recyclers      NGOs                                                   small-scale recyclers are carried    informal recycling sector
                          from the hazards of handling and                                                               out.                                 Infrastructure for dissemination of
                          recycling chemical waste.               IOMC (ILO)
                                                                                                                                                              information
                                                                  Basel Convention
                                                                  Secretariat                                                                                 Awareness-raising
                                                                  United Nations
                                                                  Disaster Assessment
                                                                  and Coordination
                                                                  Team Unit
                          73. Promote waste prevention and        National Governments        2006–2015                  Mechanisms to encourage              National cleaner production
                          minimization by encouraging             National cleaner                                       production of reusable/recyclable    centres
                          production of reusable/recyclable       production centres                                     consumer goods and                   Information on successful
                          consumer goods and biodegradable        IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                       biodegradable products are in        initiatives
                          products and developing the             FAO, WHO, UNIDO,                                       place in all countries.              Eco-design
                          infrastructure required.                OECD, UNDP, World
                                                                  Bank)
                                                                  Basel Convention
                                                                  Secretariat
                                                                  Industry
                                                                  Trade unions
                                                                  NGOs




24              The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
                Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing risk reduction (objective 1)
Work area               Activities                                 Actors4                    Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
Formulation of          74. Develop integrated national and        National Governments       2006–2012                  Integrated systems and centres to    ILO Convention 174, Prevention
prevention and response international systems to prevent           IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                      prevent major industrial             of Major Industrial Accidents
measures to mitigate    major industrial accidents and for         WHO, UNIDO, OECD,                                     accidents and for emergency          OECD project on safety
environmental and       emergency preparedness and                 UNDP)                                                 preparedness and response are        performance indicators
health impacts of       response to all accidents and natural      Basel Convention                                      established and implemented in       UNEP APELL programme
emergencies involving   disasters involving chemicals.             Secretariat                                           all countries.
chemicals                                                                                                                                                     CEFIC Safety and Quality
                                                                   United Nations Disaster                                                                    Assessment System for road and
                                                                   Assessment and                                                                             rail transport
                                                                   Coordination Team                                                                          Application of process safety
                                                                   Industry                                                                                   management to chemical
                                                                   Trade unions                                                                               operations and the strengthening
                                                                   NGOs                                                                                       of integrated approaches
                                                                                                                                                              Poison centres
                          75. Encourage the development of         IOMC (WHO)                 2010–2020                  An international mechanism to        Design of mechanism
                          an international mechanism for                                                                 respond to requests from
                          responding to requests from                                                                    countries affected by chemical
                          countries affected by chemical                                                                 accidents is established and
                          accidents.                                                                                     implemented.

                          76. Minimize the occurrence of           Industry                   2006–2010                  Occurrence of poisonings and         Information systems to collect and
                          poisonings and diseases caused by        National Governments                                  diseases caused by chemicals is      manage data
                          chemicals.                               IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                      reduced and medical surveillance     National risk reduction strategy
                                                                   WHO, UNIDO, OECD,                                     systems are put in place in all      Training
                                                                   UNDP)                                                 countries.
                                                                                                                                                              Availability of information
                                                                   Trade unions                                          Biological indicators are
                                                                                                                         available.                           Awareness-raising
                                                                   NGOs
                          77. Provide for national collection of   National Governments       2006–2010                  Systems for collection of            OECD chemicals programme
                          harmonized data, including               IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                      harmonized data are established
                          categorization by, for example, type     WHO, UNIDO, OECD,                                     and are used in all countries.
                          of poison, chemical identity,            UNDP)
                          structure, use or function.              Industry
                                                                   NGOs




                The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory              25
                Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing risk reduction (objective 1)
Work area               Activities                                  Actors4                   Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
                        78. Address gaps in the application         Industry                  2006–2010                  Gaps in the application of safety    ILO Global Strategy on
                        of safety procedures relevant to the        IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                     procedures relevant to the           Occupational Safety and Health
                        operation of chemical-intensive             FAO, WHO, UNIDO,                                     operation of chemical-intensive
                        facilities, including the                   OECD)                                                facilities, including the
                        environmentally sound management            Trade unions                                         environmentally sound
                        of hazardous substances and                                                                      management of hazardous
                        products.                                   NGOs                                                 substances and products, are
                                                                                                                         identified.
                                                                                                                         Gaps are filled.
                          79. Design, site and equip chemical       Industry                  2006–2010                  Chemical facilities are protected    Technical capacity
                          facilities to protect against potential   National Governments                                 against potential sabotage.
                          sabotage.




26              The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
                Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing knowledge and information (objective 2)
Work areas              Activities                             Actors                        Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
Research, monitoring    80. Develop and establish targeted     National Governments          2006–2010                  Systems to monitor exposure and      National laboratory accreditation
and data                risk assessment approaches to          Industry                                                 socio economic impacts are put       systems
                        evaluating exposure and impacts,       NGOs                                                     in place in all countries.           Capacity to maintain laboratory
                        including socio-economic impacts                                                                Assessment and monitoring of         equipment
                        and chronic and synergistic effects of IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                         exposures are completed and          Availability of trained
                        chemicals on human health and the      FAO, WHO, UNIDO,
                                                               OECD, UNDP)                                              remedial measures are identified     professionals
                        environment.                                                                                    and implemented in all countries.
                         81. Evaluate whether different           National Governments       2006–2010                  Exposure monitoring systems are      National laboratory accreditation
                         segments of the population (e.g.,        Industry                                              established in all countries.        systems
                         children, women) have different          NGOs                                                  Assessment and monitoring of         Capacity to maintain laboratory
                         susceptibility and/or exposure on a                                                            vulnerable groups have been          equipment
                         chemical-by-chemical basis in order      IOMC (UNEP, ILO,
                                                                  FAO, WHO, UNIDO,                                      completed.                           Availability of trained
                         of priority.                                                                                                                            professionals
                                                                  OECD, UNDP)
                         82. Develop, validate and share          National Governments       2006–2010                  Analytical techniques are            National laboratory accreditation
                         reliable, affordable and practical       IOMC (UNEP)                                           developed and are available to all   systems
                         analytical techniques to monitor         Industry                                              countries.                           Capacity to maintain laboratory
                         substances for which there is                                                                                                       equipment
                         significant concern in environmental     Research centres
                                                                  NGOs                                                                                       Availability of trained
                         media and biological samples.                                                                                                       professionals
                         Develop a targeted process to assess
                         and monitor levels of a discrete
                         number of priority contaminants in
                         the environment.
                         83. Develop scientific knowledge to      National Governments       2006–2015                  Innovation is supported in all       Training institutions
                         strengthen and accelerate innovation,    Industry                                              countries.                           Research centres
                         research, development, training and      IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                                                           Information
                         education that promote sustainability.   FAO, WHO, UNIDO,
                                                                  OECD)
                         84. Promote research into                National Governments       2006–2015                  Research is advanced and             Research centres
                         technologies and alternatives that are   Industry                                              technologies and alternatives are    Alternatives developed
                         less resource intense and less           IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                      in use.                              Information
                         polluting.                               FAO, WHO, UNIDO,
                                                                  OECD)




               The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory                27
               Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing knowledge and information (objective 2)
Work areas              Activities                             Actors                        Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
                        85. Collect data on the use pattern of National Governments          2006–2010                  Systems for data collection are
                        chemicals for which there is a         NGOs                                                     established in all countries.
                        reasonable basis of concern where      Industry                                                 Databases are established and are
                        necessary to support risk assessment                                                            accessible in all countries.
                        characterization and communication.    IOMC (UNEP, WHO,
                                                               OECD)
                        86. Design mechanisms to enable        National Governments          2006–2010                  Mechanisms are designed.             Model information on risk
                        investigators from less developed      Research institutions                                                                         reduction
                        countries to participate in the
                        development of information on risk
                        reduction.
                        87. Fill gaps in scientific knowledge  Research centres              2011–2015                  Gaps in scientific knowledge are     Industry long-range research
                        (e.g., gaps in understanding of        Industry                                                 filled.                              initiative
                        endocrine disruptors).                 IOMC (WHO)
Hazard data generation  88. Encourage partnerships to          National Governments          2006–2010                  Partnerships to promote activities   OECD High Production Volume
and availability        promote activities aimed at the        Industry                                                 aimed at the collection and use of   Chemicals Programme
                        collection, compilation and use of     Trade unions                                             additional scientific data are
                        additional scientific data.                                                                     established and are sustained.
                                                               NGOs
                                                               IOMC (UNEP, ILO,
                                                               FAO, WHO, UNITAR,
                                                               OECD, UNDP)
                                                               Professional
                                                               organizations such as
                                                               farmer organizations




28             The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
               Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing knowledge and information (objective 2)
Work areas              Activities                               Actors                       Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
                        89. Generate and share information       National Governments         2008                       Hazard data is generated and         GHS
                        detailing the inherent hazards of all    Industry                                                made available on all chemicals      OECD High Production Volume
                        chemicals in commerce, giving            Trade unions                                            in use in a country.                 Chemicals Programme
                        priority to hazard information for                                                                                                    Existing hazard information
                        those chemicals that have the greatest IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                                                               should be systematically
                        potential for substantial or significant FAO, WHO, UNITAR,                                                                            identified, collected, validated and
                        exposures.                               OECD)
                                                                 NGOs                                                                                         shared to avoid duplicative testing.
                                                                 Professional                                                                                 For the generation of new
                                                                 organizations such as                                                                        information, advancements in
                                                                 farmer organizations                                                                         hazard identification and other
                                                                                                                                                              relevant approaches that reduce
                                                                                                                                                              the use of animals for toxicity
                                                                                                                                                              testing should be applied.
                                                                                                                                                              Use appropriate measures, where
                                                                                                                                                              necessary according to each
                                                                                                                                                              country’s own situation, to
                                                                                                                                                              promote the timely generation of
                                                                                                                                                              hazard information.
                                                                                                                                                              When implementing the activity,
                                                                                                                                                              priority should be given to hazard
                                                                                                                                                              information for those chemicals
                                                                                                                                                              that have greatest potential for
                                                                                                                                                              substantial or significant
                                                                                                                                                              exposures.
                          90. Establish national priorities for   National Governments        2006–2010 and later        National priorities for              National experts
                          information generation for chemicals    Trade unions                                           information generation for           National budgets
                          that are not produced in high           NGOs                                                   chemicals that are not produced      Use of production/import volume
                          volumes.                                                                                       in high volumes are established      inventories of chemicals in
                                                                  Professional                                           in each country.
                                                                  organizations, e.g.,                                                                        commerce and collection or
                                                                  farmer organizations                                                                        generation of other relevant
                                                                  IOMC (WHO)                                                                                  information such as information
                                                                                                                                                              on significant exposure




                The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory               29
                Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing knowledge and information (objective 2)
Work areas              Activities                             Actors                        Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
                        91. Encourage the use of IPCS health National Governments            2006–2010                  IPCS health and safety cards are     Availability in appropriate
                        and safety cards (international        IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                         used.                                languages
                        chemical safety cards, or ICSCs)       FAO, WHO, UNITAR,
                                                               OECD)
                                                               Trade unions
                                                               NGOs
                                                               Professional
                                                               organizations such as
                                                               farmer organizations
                        92. Agree to time frames for           Industry                      2006–2010                  Time frames are agreed for           OECD High Production Volume
                        industry, in cooperation and           IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                         industry to generate hazard          Chemicals programme
                        coordination with other stakeholders, UNITAR, OECD)                                             information for high-production
                        to generate hazard information for                                                              volume chemicals not addressed
                        high-production volume chemicals                                                                under existing commitments.
                        not addressed under existing
                        commitments.
                        93. Promote the establishment of       National Governments          2006–2010                  GHS is implemented.
                        generally applicable guidelines on     Industry
                        the respective roles, responsibilities Trade unions
                        and accountabilities of Governments,
                        producing and importing enterprises    IOMC (UNEP, ILO,
                        and suppliers of chemicals             FAO, UNITAR,
                        concerning the generation and          OECD)
                         assessment of hazard information.
                         94. Further harmonize data formats      National Governments        2006–2010                  GHS is implemented.                  Training
                         for hazard information.                 Industry                                               Harmonized data formats are
                                                                 IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                       developed and are in use.
                                                                 WHO, UNITAR,
                                                                 OECD, UNDP)
                                                                 Basel Convention
                                                                 Secretariat
                         95. Establish recommendations on        IOMC (UNEP, ILO,            2006–2010                  Tiered approaches to addressing      Training
                         tiered approaches to addressing         UNITAR, OECD)                                          screening information
                         screening information requirements      Industry                                               requirements for chemicals that
                         for chemicals that are not produced                                                            are not produced in high volumes
                         in high volumes.                                                                               are established.




30             The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
               Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing knowledge and information (objective 2)
Work areas              Activities                             Actors                        Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
                        96. Identify possible approaches for   IOMC (UNEP, ILO,              2006–2010                  Approaches to prioritization of      Technical capacity
                        prioritization for such chemicals that FAO, WHO, UNITAR,                                        chemicals for hazard generation
                        are not necessarily based on           OECD)                                                    are developed.
                        production volume but, e.g., build on Industry
                        significant exposures.                 Trade unions
                        97. Ensure that each pesticide is      Industry                                                 Recognized procedures and test       Testing facilities to verify quality
                        tested by recognized procedures and                                                             methods are established.             and contents of pesticides offered
                        test methods to enable a full                                                                                                        for sale
                        evaluation of its efficacy, behaviour,
                        fate, hazard and risk, with respect to
                        anticipated conditions in regions or
                        countries where it is used.
Promotion of industry   98. Encourage industry to generate     National Governments          2006–2010                  Mechanisms are established in        OECD chemical programme
participation and       new science-based knowledge,           IOMC (FAO, UNIDO,                                        all countries for using new          Global industry forums
responsibility          building on existing initiatives.      UNITAR, OECD,                                            information generated by             UNIDO programme for all
                                                               UNDP)                                                    industry.                            industries
                                                               Industry                                                 New science-based knowledge is
                                                                                                                        developed and is being used.
GHS                      99. Establish information               National Governments        2006–2008                  Information systems are              International initiative
                         management systems for hazard           Industry                                               established.                         OECD initiative on increasing
                         information.                                                                                                                        generation of hazard data
                         100. Prepare safety data sheets and     Industry                    2006–2008                  GHS is implemented.                  Responsible Care
                         labels.                                                                                                                             Information in appropriate
                                                                                                                                                             languages
                         101. Complete GHS                       Industry                    2007                       All countries have prepared          Awareness-raising activities
                         awareness-raising and capacity-         Trade unions                                           implementation strategies for        Sharing of the results of pilot
                         building guidance and training          NGOs                                                   GHS.                                 projects
                         materials (including GHS action plan                                                                                                Development of a roster of GHS
                         development guidance, national          IOMC (ILO, WHO,
                                                                 UNITAR)                                                                                     experts who can provide support
                         situation analysis guidance and other                                                                                               on training and capacity-building
                         training tools) and make them                                                                                                       activities on the application of
                         available to countries.                                                                                                             GHS classification, labelling, and
                                                                                                                                                             safety data sheets




               The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory                31
               Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing knowledge and information (objective 2)
Work areas              Activities                           Actors                          Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
Information             102. Establish arrangements for the  National Governments            2006–2015                  Stakeholders have access to          GHS
management and          timely exchange of information on    Industry                                                   information in local languages in    Use of article 14 of the Rotterdam
dissemination           chemicals, including what is                                                                    all countries.                       Convention to facilitate
                        necessary to overcome barriers to                                                                                                    information exchange on
                        information exchange (e.g.,                                                                                                          toxicology, ecotoxicology and
                        providing information in local                                                                                                       safety
                        languages).
                        103. Consider establishing a         IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                2006–2010                  A clearing-house for information     Determination of feasibility
                        clearing-house for information on    FAO, WHO, UNITAR,                                          on chemical safety is established.
                        chemical safety to optimize the use  OECD, UNDP)
                        of resources.                        Industry
                        104. Ensure that all Government      National Governments            2006–2010                  All Government officials from        Infrastructure
                        officials from developing countries  IOMC (UNEP)                                                developing countries and             Training
                        and countries with economies in                                                                 countries with economies in
                        transition responsible for chemicals                                                            transition responsible for
                        management have access to the                                                                   chemicals management have
                        Internet and training in its use.                                                               access to the Internet and are
                                                                                                                        trained in its use.
                         105. Eliminate barriers to              National Governments        2006–2010                  All stakeholders have access to      INFOCAP
                         information exchange for the sound      IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                       information on the sound             Elimination of barriers to
                         management of chemicals in order to     FAO, WHO, UNITAR,                                      management of chemicals.             information exchange
                         enhance communication among             OECD, UNDP)
                         national, subregional, regional and
                         international stakeholders.
                         106. Strengthen the exchange of         Academia                    2011–2015                  Exchange of technical                Infrastructure
                         technical information among the         National Governments                                   information among the academic,
                         academic, industrial, governmental                                                             industrial, governmental and
                         and intergovernmental sectors.                                                                 intergovernmental sectors occurs
                                                                                                                        freely.
                         107. Establish procedures to ensure     National Governments        2008                       GHS is implemented.                  OECD High Production Volume
                         that any hazardous material put into    Industry                                                                                    Chemicals Programme
                         circulation is accompanied, at a        Trade unions                                                                                Responsible Care
                         minimum, by appropriate and reliable                                                                                                Information in appropriate
                         safety data sheets which provide                                                                                                    languages
                         information that is easy to access,
                         read and understand, taking into
                         account GHS.




32             The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
               Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing knowledge and information (objective 2)
Work areas              Activities                             Actors                        Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
                        108. Articles and products containing National Governments           2006–2015                  All stakeholders have access to      Guidance to be developed
                        hazardous substances should all be     Industry                                                 information.                         Information available in
                        accompanied by relevant information                                                                                                  appropriate languages
                        for users, workplaces and at disposal
                        sites.
                        109. Improve the information base,     National Governments          2011–2015                  All stakeholders have access to      Infrastructure
                        including via electronic media such    IOMC (UNEP,                                              information.
                        as the Internet and CD ROMs, in        OECD)
                        particular in developing countries,    Trade unions
                        ensuring that information reaches
                        appropriate target groups to enable
                        their empowerment and ensure their
                        right to know.
                        110. Include a range of preventive     National Governments          2011–2015                  Risk reduction and                   Model legislation
                        strategies, education and              Industry                                                 communication systems are            Training in risk reduction
                        awareness-raising and                  Trade unions                                             established in all countries.
                        capacity-building in risk
                        communication.
                        111. For all chemicals in commerce,    National Governments          2008                       GHS is implemented.                  Model legislation
                        appropriate information detailing      Industry                                                                                      Establishment of an international
                        their inherent hazards should be       IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                                                              repository on hazard data
                        made available to the public at no     WHO, UNITAR,                                                                                  (essential health, safety and
                        charge and generated where needed      OECD)                                                                                         environmental information) that
                        with essential health, safety and                                                                                                    will be accessible free of charge
                        environmental information made                                                                                                       Accessibility of other information,
                        available. Other information should                                                                                                  balancing the public’s right to
                        be available according to a balance                                                                                                  know and the need to protect valid
                        between the public’s right to know                                                                                                   confidential business information
                        and the need to protect valid                                                                                                        and legitimate proprietary interests
                        confidential business information and
                        legitimate proprietary interests.
                        112. Undertake awareness-raising, in National Governments            2006–2015                  Consumer awareness-raising
                        particular by educating consumers on Industry                                                   programmes are put in place in
                        best practices for chemical use, about NGO                                                      all countries.
                        the risks that the chemicals they use
                        pose to themselves and their
                        environment and the pathways by
                        which exposures occur.




               The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory               33
               Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing knowledge and information (objective 2)
Work areas              Activities                             Actors                        Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
                        113. Establish information-exchange    National Governments          2006–2010                  Mechanisms for exchange of           Infrastructure
                        mechanisms on contamination in                                                                  information are established.
                        border areas.
Highly toxic pesticides 114. Improve access and use of         Rotterdam Convention          2006–2010                  Information on pesticides,           Rotterdam Convention
risk management and     information on pesticides,             Secretariat,                                             particularly highly toxic            Stockholm Convention
reduction               particularly highly toxic pesticides,  IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                         pesticides, and alternative safer    Databases
                        and promote alternative safer pest     FAO, WHO, OECD,                                          pest control measures is available
                        control measures through networks      UNDP, World Bank)                                        to all stakeholders.
                        such as academia.                      Montreal Protocol
                                                               NGOs
                                                               Trade unions/labour
                                                               Industry
                                                               Stockholm Convention
                                                               Secretariat
                                                               Academia
                        115. Encourage and facilitate          National Governments          2006–2015                  Systems for exchange of              Infrastructure
                        exchange of information, technology    IOMC (UNEP, FAO,                                         information, technology and
                        and expertise within and among         OECD)                                                    expertise within and among
                        countries by both the public and                                                                countries by both the public and
                        private sectors for risk reduction and                                                          private sectors for risk reduction
                        mitigation.                                                                                     and mitigation are established in
                                                                                                                        all countries.
                         116. Facilitate access to research      National Governments        2006–2015                  Research results related to          System to exchange information
                         results related to alternative pest     IOMC (UNEP, FAO)                                       alternative pest control (both
                         control (both chemical and              Industry                                               chemical and non-chemical) and
                         non-chemical) and crop protection                                                              crop protection measures by
                         measures by pesticide users, those      Trade unions                                           pesticide users, those exposed to
                         exposed to pesticides and extension     NGOs                                                   pesticides and extension services
                         services.                                                                                      are accessible to stakeholders.
                         117. Evaluate the efficacy of           National Governments        2006–2015                  Mechanisms to evaluate the           OECD risk reduction programmes
                         pesticide risk reduction programmes     Industry                                               efficacy of pesticide risk           Availability of methodologies
                         and alternative pest control methods    IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                       reduction programmes and
                         currently implemented and planned       FAO, WHO, OECD,                                        alternative pest control methods
                         by international organizations,         UNDP, World Bank)                                      are put in place.
                         Governments, the pesticide,
                         agriculture and trade sectors and       NGOs
                         other stakeholders




34             The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
               Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing knowledge and information (objective 2)
Work areas              Activities                              Actors                       Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
Cleaner production      118. Undertake research into            Industry                     2011–2015                   Technologies that are               Support for a culture of innovation
                        innovative means of cleaner             Research centres                                         environmentally friendly are
                        production, including those involving IOMC (UNEP,                                                developed and are used in all
                        waste minimization in all economic      UNIDO)                                                   economic sectors.
                        sectors.
                                                                Basel Convention
                                                                Secretariat
Life cycle              119. Encourage management               IOMC (UNEP, ILO,             2011–2015                   Strategies and priorities, taking   Life-cycle strategies
                        practices that take into account the    FAO, WHO, UNIDO,                                         into account the full life-cycle
                        full life-cycle approach to sustainable UNITAR, OECD,                                            approach to sustainable
                        chemicals management, emphasizing UNDP)                                                          chemicals management,
                        front-end pollution prevention          Basel Convention                                         especially regarding front-end
                        approaches.                             Secretariat                                              pollution prevention
                                                                National Governments                                     approaches, are established in
                                                                                                                         all countries.
                                                                National cleaner
                                                                production centres
                                                                Industry
                                                                NGOs
                        120. Address matters of policy          National Governments         2011–2015                  Integrated policies that             Model policies
                        integration in consideration of         National cleaner                                        incorporate chemicals                Integration of chemicals
                        life-cycle issues.                      production centres                                      management issues into policies      management issues into policies
                                                                Industry                                                for food safety, water and marine    for food safety, water and marine
                                                                                                                        ecosystem management, health,        ecosystem management, health,
                                                                IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                        occupational health and safety,
                                                                FAO, WHO, UNIDO,                                                                             occupational health and safety,
                                                                                                                        development cooperation,             development cooperation,
                                                                UNITAR, OECD,                                           sustainable production and
                                                                UNDP)                                                                                        sustainable production and
                                                                                                                        consumption are adopted in all       consumption
                                                                Basel Convention                                        countries.
                                                                Secretariat




               The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory               35
               Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing knowledge and information (objective 2)
Work areas              Activities                             Actors                        Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
                        121. Utilize the life-cycle            National Governments          2011–2015                  The life-cycle management            Training
                        management concept to identify         Industry                                                 concept is used for the sound        Awareness-raising
                        priority gaps in chemicals             Trade unions                                             management of chemicals in all
                        management regimes and practices                                                                countries.
                        and to design actions to address gaps, IOMC (UNEP, ILO,
                        in order to identify opportunities to  FAO, WHO, UNIDO,
                        manage hazardous products,             UNITAR, OECD,
                        unintentional toxic emissions and      UNDP)
                        hazardous wastes at the most           Basel Convention
                        advantageous point in the chemical     Secretariat
                        life cycle.                            National cleaner
                                                               production centres
                                                               NGOs
                        122. Promote products that are either  Industry                      2011–2015                  Degradable or recycled products      Awareness-raising
                        degradable and are returned to nature IOMC (UNEP, FAO)                                          are promoted.                        Research
                        after use or, at end use, will be                                                                                                    Innovation
                        recycled as industrial feedstocks to
                        produce new products.
                        123. Incorporate life-cycle issues in  National Governments          2006–2010                  Life cycle issues are incorporated   Expertise in curriculum
                        school curricula.                      National cleaner                                         in school curricula.                 development
                                                               production centres
                                                               IOMC (UNEP, ILO,
                                                               FAO, WHO, UNIDO,
                                                               UNITAR, OECD,
                                                               UNDP)
                                                               Trade unions
                                                               NGOs
PRTRs – creation of     124. Develop a national                International IGOs            2011–2015                  PRTRs are established in all         Infrastructure
national and            PRTR/emission inventory design         IOMC (UNEP, UNIDO,                                       countries.                           Consideration of national
international registers process involving affected and         UNITAR, OECD,                                                                                 circumstances and needs
                        interested parties.                    UNDP), Stockholm
                                                               Convention Secretariat
                                                               Regional organizations
                                                               National Governments




36             The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
               Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing knowledge and information (objective 2)
Work areas              Activities                           Actors                              Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress                Implementation aspects
                        125. Use PRTRs tailored to variable  National Governments                2011–2015                  All stakeholders have access to       Infrastructure
                        national conditions as a source of   NGOs                                                           PRTR information.
                        valuable environmental information   IOMC (UNEP, UNIDO,                                             Emissions are reduced in all
                        for industry, Governments and the    UNITAR, OECD,                                                  countries.
                        public and as mechanisms to          UNDP)
                        stimulate reductions in emissions.

                             126. Develop manuals and                IOMC (UNEP, UNIDO,          2011–2015                  Manuals and implementation            Availability of technical capacity
                             implementation guides to explain in a   UNITAR, OECD,                                          guides are developed.
                             simple form the benefits provided by    UNDP)
                             a registry and the steps necessary to
                             develop one.
Risk assessment,             127. Manufacturers, importers and       National Governments        2008                       Manufacturers, importers and
management and               formulators should assess data and      Industry                                               formulators fulfil responsibilities
communication                provide adequate and reliable                                                                  to assess their products and
                             information to users.                                                                          inform users.
                             128. Responsible public authorities     National Governments        2011–2015                  Risk assessment procedures and        Training
                             should establish general frameworks                                                            control systems are established in
                             for risk assessment procedures and                                                             all countries.
                             controls.
                             129. Carry out hazard evaluations in    National Governments        2008                       GHS is implemented.                   Availability of technical capacity
                             accordance with the requirements of     IOMC (WHO)
                             harmonized health and environmental
                             risk assessments, including
                             internationally recommended
                             methodologies.
                             130. Harmonize principles and           IOMC (UNEP, ILO,            2016–2020                  Risk assessment methodologies         Harmonization of terminology
                             methods for risk assessment, (e.g.,     FAO, WHO, UNIDO,                                       are harmonized for specific           used in hazard and risk assessment
                             methods for vulnerable groups, for      UNITAR, OECD,                                          target groups.                        Use of molecular epidemiology,
                             specific toxicological endpoints such   UNDP)                                                                                        clinical and exposure data and
                             as carcinogenicity, immunotoxicity,                                                                                                  scientific advances in
                             endocrine disruption and                                                                                                             toxicogenomics and methods
                             ecotoxicology, for new tools.                                                                                                        relevant to real-life exposures,
                                                                                                                                                                  e.g., aggregate/cumulative
                                                                                                                                                                  exposures, use of simple analytical
                                                                                                                                                                  methods for in-field exposure
                                                                                                                                                                  assessment




                   The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory                37
                   Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing knowledge and information (objective 2)
Work areas              Activities                            Actors                         Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
                        131. Address gaps in the              IOMC (UNEP, ILO,               2016–2020                  Appropriate risk assessment          Technical capacity
                        development of new tools for risk     FAO, WHO, UNIDO,                                          tools are developed and used.
                        assessment, harmonization of risk     UNITAR, OECD,
                        assessment methods, better methods    UNDP)
                        to estimate the impacts of chemicals
                        on health in real-life situations and
                        the ability to access, interpret and
                        apply knowledge on risks.
                        132. Address gaps in the study of     IOMC (UNEP, ILO,               2016–2020                  Information on chemical              Research capacity
                        chemical exposure pathways and        FAO, WHO, UNIDO,                                          exposure pathways and
                        opportunities for pathway             UNITAR, OECD,                                             opportunities for pathway
                        intervention (e.g., in food           UNDP)                                                     intervention are available.
                        production).                          Industry
                        133. Further develop methodologies    National Governments           2016–2020                  Methodologies for risk               Availability of trained
                        using transparent science-based risk  IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                          management are available in all      professionals
                        assessment procedures and             FAO, WHO, UNIDO,                                          countries.
                        science-based risk management         UNITAR, OECD,
                        procedures, taking into account the   UNDP)
                        precautionary approach.               NGOs

                         134. Compare assessments of              National Governments       2016–2020                  A system of comparative              Availability of trained
                         alternative products and practices to    IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                      evaluation of chemical products      professionals
                         ensure that they do not pose larger      FAO, WHO, UNIDO,                                      is established in all countries.
                         risks.                                   UNITAR, OECD,
                                                                  UNDP)
                         135. Fill gaps in abilities to access,   National Governments       2006–2010                  All stakeholders have access to      GHS
                         interpret and apply knowledge (e.g.,     Industry                                              information on chemicals.
                         improve availability of information      NGOs
                         on the hazards, risks and safe use of
                                                                  IOMC (UNEP, WHO)
                         chemicals, in forms relevant to end
                         users, and improve use of existing
                         risk assessments).
                         136. Develop common principles for       Research centres           2011–2015                  Harmonized methodology for           Infrastructure
                         harmonized approaches for                IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                      risk assessments is available.
                         performing and reporting health and      FAO, WHO, UNIDO,
                         environmental risk assessments.          UNITAR, OECD,
                                                                  UNDP)




38             The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
               Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing knowledge and information (objective 2)
Work areas              Activities                           Actors                           Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress                 Implementation aspects
                        137. Improve understanding of the    National Governments             2011–2015                  Studies are undertaken to
                        impact of natural disasters on       OPCW                                                        improve understanding of the
                        releases of harmful chemicals and    NGOs                                                        impact of wars on releases of
                        resulting human and wildlife                                                                     harmful chemicals and resulting
                        exposures, as well as possible       IOMC (WHO)                                                  human and wildlife exposures.
                          measures to mitigate them.                                                                     Results are disseminated to
                                                                                                                         relevant decision makers.
                                                                                                                         Mitigation measures are
                                                                                                                         developed and implemented.
Occupational safety and   138. Establish a means of developing    IOMC (ILO, WHO,             2006–2010                  Means of developing and                GHS
health                    and updating internationally            UNIDO, OECD,                                           updating internationally
                          evaluated sources of information on     UNDP)                                                  evaluated sources of information
                          chemicals in the workplace by           National Governments                                   on chemicals in the workplace by
                          intergovernmental organizations, in     Trade unions/labour                                    intergovernmental organizations,
                          forms and languages suitable for use                                                           in forms and languages suitable
                          by workplace participants.              Industry                                               for use by workplace
                                                                  NGOs                                                   participants, are established in all
                                                                                                                         countries.
                          139. Promote research on the            National Governments        2006–2010                  Research and development of            ILO Global Strategy on
                          development of appropriate              Industry                                               appropriate protective gear is         Occupational Safety and Health
                          protective equipment.                   Trade unions                                           carried out in all countries.          Research institutions
                                                                                                                         Appropriate protective
                                                                                                                         equipment is available in all
                                                                                                                         countries.
                          140. Make information on workplace      National Governments        2006–2008                  Mechanisms to make IGO                 Infrastructure
                          chemicals from intergovernmental        Industry                                               information on chemicals readily       GHS
                          organizations readily and               Trade unions                                           available are established in all
                          conveniently available at no charge                                                            countries.
                                                                  NGOs
                          to employers, employees and
                          Governments.
                          141. Strengthen global information      IOMC (ILO, FAO,             2006–2010                  Existing global networks are           Necessary infrastructure
                          networks in the sharing, exchange       WHO, UNIDO, OECD,                                      identified and links are
                          and delivery of chemical safety         UNDP)                                                  strengthened.
                          information (e.g. ILO, WHO,             Basel Convention
                          INFOCAP).                               Secretariat
                                                                  Trade unions




                The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory                39
                Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing knowledge and information (objective 2)
Work areas              Activities                           Actors                          Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
                        142. Promote the establishment of    IOMC (ILO)                      2006–2010                  ILO Conventions 170, 174 and         ILO conventions
                        ILO SafeWork programmes at the       National Governments                                       184 are ratified and implemented     Capacity-building
                        national level, and the ratification Industry                                                   by all countries and ILO
                        and implementation of ILO                                                                       SafeWork programmes are
                        conventions 170, 174 and 184.        Trade unions                                               established in all countries.

                         143. Implement an integrated            IOMC (ILO)                  2006–2010                  ILO conventions related to           ILO conventions
                         approach to the safe use of chemicals   National Governments                                   hazardous substances are             Capacity-building
                         in the workplace by establishing new    Industry                                               updated and linked to other
                         mechanisms for expanding and                                                                   related initiatives.
                         updating ILO conventions related to     Trade unions
                         hazardous substances and linking
                         them to various other actions such as
                         those associated with codes,
                         information dissemination,
                         enforcement, technical cooperation,
                         etc.
                         144. Establish approaches and           IOMC (ILO, WHO,             2006–2010                  Mechanisms for disseminating         IPCS
                         methods for communicating the           UNIDO, OECD,                                           the results of international risk    OECD chemical programme
                         results of international risk           UNDP)                                                  assessments to appropriate
                         assessments to appropriate workplace    National Governments                                   workplace participants are
                         participants and stipulate related      Industry                                               established in all countries.
                         roles and responsibilities of
                         employers, employees and                Trade unions
                         Governments.
                         145. Promote the establishment of       IOMC (ILO)                  2006–2010                  National inspection systems on       ILO conventions
                         national inspection systems for the     National Governments                                   safe use of chemicals are            Capacity-building
                         protection of employees from the        Industry                                               established in all countries.
                         adverse effects of chemicals and
                                                                 Trade unions
                         encourage dialogue between
                         employers and employees to              NGOs
                         maximize chemical safety and
                         minimize workplace hazards.




40             The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
               Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing knowledge and information (objective 2)
Work areas              Activities                              Actors                       Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
                        146. Strengthen                         IOMC (UNEP, ILO,             2006–2010                  Chemical-safety-related              GHS
                        chemical-safety-related information     FAO, WHO, UNIDO,                                        information dissemination
                        dissemination among social partners     OECD, UNDP)                                             systems are put in place in all
                        and through public media at the         Basel Convention                                        countries.
                        national and international levels.      Secretariat
                                                                National Governments
                                                                Industry
                                                                Trade unions
                                                                NGOs
                        147. Stress the importance of           IOMC (ILO, FAO,              2006–2010                  Workers’ right to know in all        GHS
                        workers’ right to know in all sectors   WHO, UNIDO, OECD,                                       sectors is established in all        ILO Global Strategy on
                        (formal and informal), i.e., that the   UNDP)                                                   countries.                           Occupational Safety and Health
                        information provided to workers         National Governments
                        should be sufficient for them to        Industry
                        protect their safety and health as well
                        as the environment.                     Trade unions
                                                                NGOs
                        148. Eliminate workplace hazards        IOMC (ILO, FAO,              2006–2020                  Workplace hazards due to             ILO conventions and strategies
                        posed by chemicals through simple,      WHO, UNIDO, OECD,                                       chemicals are eliminated.
                        practical methods, in particular        UNDP)
                        chemical control banding.               National Governments
                                                                Industry
                                                                Trade unions
                        149. Establish the right of employees IOMC (ILO)                     2006–2010                  The right of employees to refuse     Model legislation
                        to refuse to work in hazardous          National Governments                                    to work in hazardous                 Information in appropriate
                        environments if they are not provided Industry                                                  environments is established in all   languages
                        with adequate and correct                                                                       countries.
                        information about hazardous             Trade unions
                        chemicals to which they are exposed     NGOs
                        in their work environment and about
                        appropriate ways in which to protect
                        themselves.




               The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory              41
               Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing knowledge and information (objective 2)
Work areas              Activities                             Actors                         Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
Children and chemical   150. Promote education and training    IOMC (ILO, WHO,                2006–2010                  Government officials and key         Availability of training
safety                  on children’s chemical safety.         OECD,)                                                    stakeholders are trained on          programmes on children’s
                                                               UNICEF,                                                   children’s chemical safety.          chemical safety
                                                               Regional organizations                                                                          Sharing of experience
                                                               National Governments
                                                               Stakeholders
                                                               Trade unions
                                                               NGOs
                                                               Academia
                        151. Promote the use of comparable     National Governments           2006–2010                  A harmonized approach to data        Model legislation.
                        indicators of children’s               Industry                                                  collection, research, legislation
                        environmental health as part of a      IOMC (ILO, WHO,                                           and regulations and the use of
                        national assessment and prioritization OECD, UNDP)                                               indicators of children’s
                        process for managing unacceptable                                                                environmental health is
                        risks to children’s health.            NGOs                                                      established.

                          152. Consider potential enhanced           National Governments     2011–2015                  Potential enhanced exposures         Model legislation
                          exposures and vulnerabilities of           IOMC (ILO, WHO,                                     and vulnerabilities of children
                          children when setting nationally           OECD, UNDP)                                         are considered when setting
                          acceptable levels or criteria related to   Trade unions                                        nationally acceptable levels or
                          chemicals.                                                                                     criteria related to chemicals.
                                                                     NGOs
                          153. Develop broad strategies              National Governments     2011–2015                  National strategies specifically     Technical capacity available
                          specifically directed to the health of     IOMC (WHO)                                          directed to the health of children
                          children and young families.               Trade unions                                        and young families are put in
                                                                                                                         place in all countries.
Education and training    154. Incorporate chemical safety and       IOMC (UNEP, ILO,         2011–2015                  Chemical safety is included in       Availability of training material
(public awareness)        especially understanding of the            WHO, UNIDO,                                         school and university curricula in
                          labelling system of GHS into school        UNITAR, UNDP)                                       all countries.
                          and university curricula.                  Basel Convention
                                                                     Secretariat
                                                                     National Governments
                                                                     Training institutions
                                                                     Media institutes
                                                                     Trade unions
                                                                     NGOs




42              The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
                Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing knowledge and information (objective 2)
Work areas              Activities                            Actors                             Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
                        155. Provide appropriate training and National Governments               2011–2015                  All relevant officials are trained   Training institutions
                        sensitization on chemical safety for  Trade unions                                                  in chemical safety.                  Training of trainers
                        those exposed to chemicals at each    NGOs
                        stage from manufacture to disposal
                        (crop growers, industries,            IOMC (UNEP)
                        enforcement agents, etc.).            Basel Convention
                                                              Secretariat
                                                              National agricultural
                                                              extension services

Lead in gasoline             156. Undertake research into            Industry                    2006–2010                  Lead in gasoline is phased out in    Research centres
                             alternative additives                   Research centres                                       all countries.                       Possibilities for information on
                                                                                                                                                                 alternatives provided by the
                                                                                                                                                                 Rotterdam Convention website
Mercury and other            157. Undertake research into            Industry                    2006–2010                  Alternatives to lead are used in     Technical and scientific capacity
chemicals of global          alternatives for other lead-based       Academia                                               products.
concern; chemicals           products                                                                                       Improved technologies for
produced or used in                                                                                                         small-scale recycling industries
high volumes; those                                                                                                         are in place and used.
subject to wide
dispersive uses; and
other chemicals of
concern at the national
level
Sound agricultural           158. Undertake research on and          Agriculture industry        2011–2015                  Better agricultural practices,       Model legislation
practices                    implement better agricultural           National Governments                                   including methods that do not        Agricultural extension services
                             practices, including methods that do    IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                       require the application of           Training institutions and material
                             not require the application of          FAO, WHO, UNDP,                                        chemicals, are identified and
                             polluting or harmful chemicals.         World Bank)                                            implemented in all countries.
                                                                     Trade unions/labour
                                                                     NGOs
                                                                     Research centres
                                                                     International
                                                                     agricultural research
                                                                     centres (CGIAR centres
                                                                     and others) and
                                                                     National agricultural
                                                                     research systems




                   The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory               43
                   Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing knowledge and information (objective 2)
Work areas              Activities                            Actors                         Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
                        159. Establish ecologically sound and Agriculture                    2011–2015                  Integrated strategies for the        Model legislation
                        integrated strategies for the         industry                                                  management of pests are              Agricultural extension services
                        management of pests and, where        National Governments                                      established and implemented in
                        appropriate, vectors for                                                                        all countries.
                        communicable diseases.                IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                                                               Training institutions and material
                                                              FAO, WHO, UNDP,
                                                              World Bank)
                                                              Trade unions/labour
                                                              NGOs
                        160. Promote information exchange     IOMC (UNEP, ILO,               2006–2010                  Information exchange                 Training
                        on alternative and ecological         FAO, WHO, OECD,                                           mechanisms on alternative and
                        agricultural practices, including on  UNDP, World Bank)                                         ecological agricultural practices
                        non-chemical alternatives.            National Governments                                      are developed in all countries.
                                                              Research and accredited
                                                              training institutions
                                                              Industry
                                                              Trade unions
                                                              NGOs
Waste management        161. Implement information,           National Governments           2006–2010                  Effective and sustained              Training
(and minimization)      education and communication           IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                          information, education and
                        packages on the sound management      FAO, WHO, UNIDO,                                          communication activities on
                        of chemicals, targeting key           OECD, UNDP, World                                         sound management of chemical
                        stakeholders including waste          Bank)                                                     waste are carried out.
                        handlers and recyclers.               Montreal Protocol
                                                              Basel Convention
                                                              Secretariat
                                                              Trade unions
                                                              NGOs

                         162. Support research on best            National Governments       2006–2010                  Best practices in waste              Research
                         practices in waste management            NGOs                                                  management to increase waste         Dissemination
                         resulting in increased waste diversion   IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                      diversion and recovery and to
                         and recovery and reduced chemical        FAO, WHO, UNIDO,                                      reduce chemical hazards are
                         hazards for health and the               OECD, UNDP, World                                     identified, documented and
                         environment.                             Bank)                                                 disseminated.
                                                                  Basel Convention
                                                                  Secretariat




44             The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
               Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing knowledge and information (objective 2)
Work areas              Activities                            Actors                         Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
Stakeholder             163. Undertake awareness-raising      IOMC (UNEP)                    2006–2020                  All stakeholders are informed of     Information in appropriate
participation           and preventive measures campaigns     NGOs                                                      chemical safety issues.              languages
                        in order to promote safe use of       Media institutes
                        chemicals.
                                                              Industry
                                                              Trade unions
                                                              NGOs
                        164. Work to ensure broad and         National Governments           2006–2010                  All stakeholders including           Model legislation
                        meaningful participation of           Industry                                                  women at all levels are involved
                        stakeholders, including women, at all Trade unions                                              in devising responses to
                        levels in devising responses to                                                                 chemicals management
                        chemicals management challenges       NGOs                                                      challenges and in regulatory and
                        and in regulatory and                 IOMC                                                      decision-making processes that
                        decision-making processes that relate                                                           relate to chemical safety in all
                        to chemical safety.                                                                             countries.




               The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory              45
               Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing governance (objective 3)
Work areas              Activities                                Actors                    Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress                Implementation aspects
Assessment of national  165. Have in place multi-sectoral         National Governments      2006–2010                  All countries have mechanisms in      Interagency and multi-stakeholder
chemicals management    and multi-stakeholder mechanisms          Industry                                             place.                                committees
to identify gaps and    to develop national profiles and          Trade unions
prioritize actions      priority actions.
                                                                  NGOs
                                                                  IOMC (UNITAR,
                                                                  UNDP)
Implementation of        166. With regard to the                  National Governments      2006–2010                  All countries have developed          National poverty eradication and
integrated national      implementation of national               All Stakeholders                                     integrated national programmes        development plans
programmes for the       programmes:                              IOMC (UNEP,                                          for the sound management of           Regional cooperation, experience
sound management of          Develop comprehensive               UNITAR, UNDP)                                        chemicals.                            and best practices
chemicals at the              national profiles;                                                                                                             Participation of relevant ministries
national level in a                                               Basel Convention
                             Formalize an inter-ministerial      Secretariat                                                                                and stakeholders in coordination
flexible manner               and multi-stakeholder                                                                                                          mechanisms
                              coordinating mechanism on                                                                                                      Technical capacity
                              chemicals management issues,
                              including coordination of
                              national Government and
                              multi-stakeholder positions in
                              international meetings;
                             Develop a national chemical
                              safety policy outlining strategic
                              goals and milestones towards
                              reaching the Johannesburg
                              Summit 2020 goal;
                             Develop national chemicals
                              safety information exchange
                              systems;
                             Develop national strategies to
                              mobilize national and external
                              resources and to raise the
                              importance placed on
                              chemicals management within
                              national sustainable
                              development frameworks;
                             Develop policies of systematic
                              stakeholder involvement,
                              bringing synergies from related
                              initiatives on chemicals
                              management.


46             The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
               Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing governance (objective 3)
Work areas              Activities                                 Actors                    Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress                Implementation aspects
                        167. Support efforts to implement an       IOMC (ILO)                2010                       Effective follow-up mechanisms        ILO guidance
                        integrated approach to the safe use        National Governments                                 are put in place.
                        of chemicals at the workplace by           Industry and workers
                        establishing effective mechanisms
                        for following up and updating
                        information on international
                        instruments related to hazardous
                        substances.
GHS                     168. Review national legislation and       National Governments      2006–2010                  GHS is implemented in all             Model legislation
                        align with GHS requirements.               IOMC (ILO, FAO,                                      countries.
                                                                   UNITAR)
International             169. Promote ratification and            National Governments      2006–2010                  All conventions are ratified or       Model legislation
agreements                implementation of all relevant           International                                        comparable measures are put in
                          international instruments on             convention secretariats                              place and implemented in all          Funds for ratification and
                          chemicals and hazardous waste,                                                                countries.                            implementation and resources for
                          encouraging and improving                                                                                                           designated national authorities and
                          partnerships and coordination (e.g.,                                                                                                focal points
                          Stockholm Convention, Rotterdam
                          Convention, Basel Convention, ILO
                          conventions and IMO conventions
                          related to chemicals, such as the
                          TBT Convention) and ensuring that
                          necessary procedures are put into
                          place.
                          170. Establish or strengthen             Secretariats of           2006–2010                  Institutional coordination is         Clustering of secretariats
                          coordination, cooperation and            multilateral                                         strengthened and reporting            Inter-ministerial plans for
                          partnerships, including coordination     environmental                                        requirements are streamlined for      cooperation
                          among institutions and processes         agreements                                           all conventions.                      Awareness-raising among
                          responsible for the implementation       National Governments                                 Plans for exploiting potential        Government representatives on
                          of multilateral environmental            IOMC                                                 synergies at all levels among         governing bodies of
                          agreements at the international,                                                              international organizations           intergovernmental organizations of
                          national and local levels, in order to   Montreal Protocol
                                                                                                                        involved in chemicals                 the need for inter-agency
                          address gaps in policies and                                                                  management are established.           coherence
                          institutions, exploit potential
                          synergies and improve coherence.




                The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory               47
                Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing governance (objective 3)
Work areas              Activities                                 Actors                   Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress                Implementation aspects
                        171. Consider approaches to                Secretariats of          2006–2010
                        facilitate and strengthen synergies        multilateral
                        and coordination between chemicals         environmental
                        and waste conventions, including by        agreements
                        developing common structures.              National Governments

                         172. Consider evaluating the              Secretariats of          2006–2010
                         possibilities and potential benefits of   multilateral
                         using the Basel and/or Stockholm          environmental
                         Convention ways and means for             agreements
                         waste management and disposal of          National Governments
                         wastes of reclaimed ozone depleting
                         substances regulated under the
                         Montreal Protocol.
                         173. Develop pilot projects to            National focal points    2006–2010                  Pilot projects are carried out.       Terms of reference
                         pursue implementation of                  IOMC                                                Results are published.
                         coordination between the national
                         focal points of chemicals
                         multilateral environmental
                         agreements (Rotterdam, Stockholm
                         and Basel Conventions and
                         Montreal Protocol) to achieve
                         synergies in their implementation.
                         174. Address gaps at the domestic         National Governments     2006–2010                  Gaps are identified in all            Guidance on criteria for the
                         level in implementation of existing       Secretariats for                                    countries.                            identification of gaps
                         laws and policy instruments               multilateral                                        Strategies to fill gaps are put in
                         promulgated in the context of             environmental                                       place.
                         national environmental management         agreements
                         regimes, including with respect to
                         meeting obligations under
                         international legally binding
                         instruments.
                         175. Ensure coherence with the                                     2006–2010                  Coherence with the Bali Strategic
                         proposed Bali Strategic Plan for          National Governments                                plan is achieved.
                         Technology Support and                    IOMC (UNEP)
                         Capacity-building.
                         176. Promote, when necessary, the         National Governments     2006–2010                  Agreement is reached on               Assessment of need for further
                         further development of international      IOMC (UNEP)                                         development of further                international agreements
                         agreements relating to chemicals.                                                             international agreements relating
                                                                                                                       to chemicals.


48             The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
               Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing governance (objective 3)
Work areas              Activities                                 Actors                    Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress                Implementation aspects
PRTRs – creation of     177. Establish the required                National Governments      2011–2015                  A framework for creating national     Model legislation
national and            framework for creating national            Stockholm Convention                                 PRTRs is established and PRTRs
international registers PRTRs.                                     Secretariat                                          are implemented in all countries.
                                                                   IOMC (UNEP, UNIDO,
                                                                   UNITAR, OECD,
                                                                   UNDP)
                                                                   UNECE
                                                                   Industry
                          178. Promote a political consensus       IOMC (UNEP, UNIDO,        2006–2010                  Public access to national             Awareness-raising
                          in favour of public access to national   UNITAR, OECD,                                        environmental information is
                          environmental information.               UNDP)                                                improved.
                          179. Manage information                  IOMC (UNEP, UNIDO,        2006–2010                  Mechanisms for the dissemination      Infrastructure
                          dissemination from PRTRs so that         UNITAR, OECD,                                        of timely and accurate
                          risks are communicated in a timely       UNDP)                                                information from PRTRs are
                          and accurate fashion without unduly      National Governments                                 developed.
                          alarming the public.                     NGOs
                          180. Promote harmonization of            IOMC (UNEP, UNIDO,        2006–2010                  Harmonized environmental
                          environmental performance                UNITAR, OECD)                                        performance requirements are
                          requirements in the context of                                                                developed.
                          international trade.
Social and economic       181. Establish the capacity to collect   National Governments      2011–2015                  Social and economic data are          Methodology
considerations            and analyse social and economic          IOMC                                                 collected in all countries.
                          data.                                    Trade unions/labour
                                                                   NGOs
                          182. Consider and apply approaches       National Governments      2011–2015                  Studies of internalization of costs   Training of scientists
                          to the internalization of the costs to   IOMC                                                 are carried out in all countries.     UNEP
                          human health, society and the
                          environment of the production and
                          use of chemicals, including the
                          polluter pays principle.5
                          183. Develop methodologies and           IOMC                      2011–2015                  Methodologies are developed.          Sufficient number of scientists
                          approaches for integrating chemicals                                                                                                Training of scientists
                          management into social and                                                                                                          Awareness-raising for
                          development strategies.                                                                                                             stakeholders



                5
                        Text must be conformed to the outcome of the principles and approaches discussion.



                The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory                49
                Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing governance (objective 3)
Work areas              Activities                                Actors                     Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress                Implementation aspects
                        184. Include capacity-building for        National Governments       2011–2015                  Capacity-building for the sound       Guidance on capacity-building
                        the sound management of chemicals         IOMC                                                  management of chemicals is
                        as one of the priorities in national                                                            incorporated as one of the
                        poverty reduction strategies and                                                                priorities in national poverty
                        country assistance strategies.                                                                  reduction strategies and country
                                                                                                                        assistance strategies in all
                                                                                                                        countries.
                          185. Enhance efforts to implement       Industry                   2006–2010                  Values of corporate social and        Information on social and
                          values of corporate social and          National Governments                                  environmental responsibility are      environmental responsibility
                          environmental responsibility.           Trade unions                                          implemented.

                          186. Develop frameworks to              National Governments       2011–2015                  Frameworks are developed and          Guidance
                          promote private-public partnerships     Industry                                              implemented in all countries.         Model legislation
                          in the sound management of              Basel Convention
                          chemicals and wastes.                   Secretariat
                                                                  NGOs
                                                                  Trade unions
                          187. Develop a framework to             National Governments       2006–2010                  A framework is developed and          IGO and Government support
                          promote the active involvement of       Industry                                              implemented.
                          all stakeholders, including             Trade unions
                          non-governmental organizations,
                          managers, workers and trade unions      NGOs
                          in all enterprises – private, public
                          and civil service (formal and
                          informal sector) – in the sound
                          management of chemicals and
                          wastes.
                          188. Build the capacities of NGOs,      National Governments       2006–2010                  Capacities of NGOs in developing
                          civil society and communities in        IOMC                                                  countries are strengthened.
                          developing countries so that their
                          responsible and active participation
                          is facilitated.
                          This may include provision of
                          financial support and training in
                          chemical safety agreements and
                          concepts.




50              The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
                Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing governance (objective 3)
Work areas              Activities                                   Actors                    Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress                Implementation aspects
Promote industry        189. Encourage use of voluntary              Industry                  2006–2010                  Responsible Care and the FAO          Government support
participation and       initiatives (e.g., Responsible Care          IOMC (FAO,                                           Code of Conduct are implemented
responsibility          and FAO Code of Conduct)..                   UNITAR)                                              in all relevant countries.


                            190. Promote corporate social            Industry                  2006–2010                  GHS is implemented in all             Responsible Care
                            responsibility for the safe production   IOMC (UNIDO)                                         countries and Responsible Care is     United Nations Global Compact
                            and use of all products, including                                                            adopted in all countries that         GHS
                            through the development of                                                                    manufacture chemicals.
                            approaches that reduce human and                                                                                                    National cleaner production
                                                                                                                          Systems are in place that             centres
                            environmental risks for all and do                                                            encourage and promote corporate
                            not simply transfer risks to those                                                            social and environmental              Industry participation in all aspects
                            least able to address them.                                                                   responsibility in all countries.      of chemicals management across
                                                                                                                                                                the life cycle of chemicals

                            191. Promote innovations and             Industry                  2006–2010                  Systems are in place that             National cleaner production
                            continuous improvement of                National Governments                                 encourage and promote                 centres
                            chemicals management across the                                                               innovation in all countries.          Government support for
                            product chain.                                                                                                                      innovation
                            192. Promote within the industrial       National Governments      2006–2010                  Use of PRTRs and cleaner              Awareness-raising
                            sector the adoption of PRTRs and                                                              production methods is increased.
                            cleaner production methods.
Legal, policy and           193. Promote a culture of                National Governments      2006–2010                  Effective enforcement and             Establishment of programmes
institutional aspects       compliance and accountability and        GEF, IOMC (UNEP,                                     monitoring programmes are in          Model legislation
                            effective enforcement and                ILO, FAO, UNIDO,                                     place in all countries.
                            monitoring programmes, including         UNITAR, OECD,
                            through the development and              UNDP), Convention
                            application of economic                  secretariats
                            instruments.                             Regional organizations
                                                                     Accredited training
                                                                     institutions
                            194. Strengthen policy, law and          National Governments      2006–2010                  Policy, law and regulatory            Model legislation
                            regulatory frameworks and                                                                     frameworks and compliance             Infrastructure
                            compliance promotion and                                                                      promotion and enforcement are
                            enforcement.                                                                                  strengthened in all countries.
                            195. Establish national                  National Governments      2006–2010                  Multi-stakeholder coordination        Guidance
                            multi-stakeholder coordination           Industry                                             bodies on chemicals are               Terms of reference
                            bodies on chemicals to provide           Trade unions                                         established in all countries.
                            information and increase awareness
                            of their risks.                          NGOs




                  The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory                51
                  Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing governance (objective 3)
Work areas              Activities                                  Actors                     Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress                Implementation aspects
                        196. Explore innovative consultation        National Governments       2006–2010                  Consultation processes are in         Guidance
                        processes, such as mediated                 Industry                                              place in all countries.               Terms of reference
                        discussions, with a view to finding         NGOs
                        common ground and agreement
                        among affected sectors of society on
                        critical issues that impede efforts to
                        achieve the sound management of
                        chemicals.
                        197. Incorporate capacity-building          National Governments       2006–2010                  Capacity-building strategies and      Capacity building strategies
                        strategies and promote activities to        IOMC                                                  promotion of activities to enhance    Model legislation
                        enhance each country’s legal and                                                                  each country’s legal and
                        institutional framework for                                                                       institutional frameworks for
                        implementing chemical safety                                                                      implementing chemical safety
                        across all relevant ministries and                                                                across all relevant ministries and
                        Government agencies.                                                                              Government agencies are
                                                                                                                          established in all countries.
                            198. Encourage countries to             National Governments       2010–2015                  Chemical safety norms are             Safety norms
                            harmonize their chemical safety         IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                      harmonized in all countries.          Model legislation
                            norms.                                  FAO, WHO, UNIDO,
                                                                    UNITAR, OECD,
                                                                    UNDP)
Liability and               199. Establish effective                National Governments       2006–2010                  Effective implementation and          Model legislation
compensation                implementation and monitoring                                                                 monitoring mechanisms are
                            arrangements.                                                                                 established.
Stocktaking on progress     200. Complete periodic                  IFCS                       2006–2020                  Implementation of the Bahia           Development of a questionnaire
                            questionnaires to measure               Regional organizations                                Declaration is reported in all        Infrastructure for analysis
                            implementation of the Bahia             IGOs                                                  countries.
                            Declaration.
                            201. Develop objective indicators       IOMC (UNEP, FAO,           2011–2015                  Indicators for demonstrating          Funds
                            for evaluating influence of             WHO, OECD)                                            reductions of the risks posed by
                            chemicals on human health and the       National Governments                                  chemicals to human health and
                            environment.                                                                                  the environment are established.
Protected areas             202. Ensure that pesticides and         National Governments       2006–2010                  Legislative mechanisms related to     Model legislation including No
                            chemicals issues are considered         GEF                                                   protected areas, including the use    Objection Certificate requirements
                            within environmental impact             Regional organizations                                of chemicals in those areas, are      for EIA and seismic survey
                            assessments covering protected                                                                established in all countries.
                            areas.




52                The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
                  Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing governance (objective 3)
Work areas              Activities                                 Actors                     Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress                 Implementation aspects
                        203. Evaluation of the dispersion of       National Governments       2006–2010                  Dispersion of pollutants to            Technical and research capacity
                        pollutant releases (air, water and                                                               protected areas is evaluated in all
                        ground) in protected areas.                                                                      countries.
Prevention of illegal   204. Develop national strategies for       IOMC, IFCS, WCO,           2006–2010                  National strategies for the            Rotterdam Convention
traffic in toxic and    prevention, detection and control of       Interpol                                              prevention, detection and control      WCO harmonized tariff codes
dangerous goods         illegal traffic, including the             OPCW, Basel,                                          of illegal traffic are developed and   Training
                        strengthening of laws, judicial            Rotterdam and other                                   implemented in all countries.
                        mechanisms, and the capacity of                                                                                                         In particular, in line with
                                                                   convention secretariats                               The Rotterdam Convention is            paragraph 1 of article 13 of the
                        customs administrations and other          Montreal Protocol                                     ratified and implemented by all
                        national authorities to control and                                                                                                     Rotterdam Convention, countries
                                                                   National Governments                                  countries.                             should give appropriate support to
                        prevent illegal shipments of toxic
                        and hazardous chemicals.                   National customs                                                                             initiatives taken by WCO
                                                                   authorities                                                                                  members aiming at the assignment
                                                                                                                                                                of specific harmonized system
                                                                                                                                                                codes to certain chemicals falling
                                                                                                                                                                under the Rotterdam Convention
                                                                                                                                                                and persistent organic pollutants
                                                                                                                                                                and enabling their comparison to
                                                                                                                                                                environmental compliance data.
Trade and environment      205. Ensure mutual supportiveness      IOMC (UNEP,                                            Trade and environment policies         Mechanisms for cooperation
                           between trade and environment          UNITAR)                                                are mutually supportive.               between trade and environment
                           policies.                                                                                                                            officials and policy-makers at
                                                                                                                                                                national and international levels
                                                                                                                                                                Involvement of trade and
                                                                                                                                                                environment stakeholders when
                                                                                                                                                                developing chemicals policies
                                                                                                                                                                Cooperation and information
                                                                                                                                                                exchange between chemicals and
                                                                                                                                                                waste multilateral environmental
                                                                                                                                                                agreements and WTO
Civil society and public   206. Include civil society             Public interest             2006–2020                  Civil society is represented on        Participation in decision-making
interest NGO               representatives in Government          NGOs/civil society                                     national committees.
participation              committees formulating, carrying       Trade unions
                           out, and monitoring SAICM              IPEN
                           implementation plans.
                                                                  IOMC
                                                                  National Governments




                 The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory               53
                 Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing governance (objective 3)
Work areas              Activities                                Actors                     Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress                Implementation aspects
Assessment of national  207. Provide assistance and training      National Governments       2006–2010                  Assistance and training for           Training
chemicals management    for the development of national           GEF                                                   development of national profiles
to identify gaps and    profiles.                                 IOMC (UNITAR,                                         is provided.
prioritize actions                                                UNDP)




54              The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
                Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing capacity-building and technical cooperation (objective 4)
Work areas               Activities                               Actors                     Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress                Implementation aspects
Capacity-building to     208. Establish a systematic approach in IOMC                                                   Number of countries requesting
support national actions order to facilitate the provision of     Chemical convention        Establishment:             assistance                            Development and implementation
                         advice concerning capacity-building      secretariats               20062010                  Number of requests received and       of process as proposed in
                         for the sound management of              Trade unions                                          responded to                          document
                                                                                             Ongoing operation:
                         chemicals at the country level, to                                                             Types of request received             SAICM/PrepCom3/Inf/9
                                                                                             2011–2020
                         countries that request it. For example:
                              Consider establishing a help desk
                               which would provide basic advice
                               to countries and/or refer requests
                               to relevant sources (policy
                               institutions, experts, data banks,
                               information, etc) of expertise,
                               policy guidance, funding and
                               guidelines;
                              Ensure that the process above
                               builds on existing information and
                               tools for capacity building and
                               acts in a complementary way to
                               existing initiatives;
                              Consider establishing monitoring
                               mechanisms as part of the SAICM
                               stocktaking processes to evaluate
                               the usefulness of the process;
                              Implement a pilot project to test
                               and refine the concept prior to
                               global implementation.
                         209. Strengthen capacities pertaining    IOMC                       2006–2010                  Financial, technical and human        Training
                         to infrastructure in developing          GEF                                                   capacities are developed in all       Implementation of technology
                         countries and countries with             Basel Convention                                      countries.                            transfer and updating of
                         economies in transition through          Secretariat                                                                                 programmes
                         financial assistance and technology
                         transfer to such countries with a view   International
                         to addressing the widening gap           financial institutions
                          between developed and developing
                          countries and countries with
                          economies in transition.




                The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory             55
                Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing capacity-building and technical cooperation (objective 4)
Work areas              Activities                               Actors                      Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress                Implementation aspects
                        210. Promote the development of          IOMC                        2006 –2010                 Databases, chemical registers and     Availability of methodologies
                        databases based on scientific                                                                   data collection and information       Training
                        assessment and the establishment of                                                             exchange centres are established
                        centres for the collection and exchange                                                         in all countries.
                        of information at the national, regional
                        and international levels.
                        211. Promote programmes to develop       National                    2006–2010                  National profiles and                 Model legislation
                        chemicals-management instruments         Governments                                            implementation plans are              Training
                        (national profiles, national             Research and                                           developed and national                Coordination mechanism
                        implementation plans, national           accredited training                                    emergency preparedness and
                        emergency preparedness and response                                                             response plans are in place.          Sharing of experiences on national
                                                                 institutions                                                                                 profiles
                        plans).                                  IOMC
                                                                 BCRCs
                                                                 Trade unions
                                                                 NGOs
                        212. Coordinate assistance               National                    2006–2010                  Assistance programmes are             Exchange of information on past
                        programmes at the bilateral and          Governments                                            coordinated.                          and ongoing assistance provision
                        multilateral levels that support         IGOs                                                                                         activities
                        capacity-building activities and         NGOs                                                                                         Development of assistance
                        strategies by developed countries.                                                                                                    programmes
                                                                 Trade unions
                                                                 IOMC
                        213. Develop sustainable                 IOMC                        2006–2010                  Cleaner production technologies       Training
                        capacity-building strategies in          BCRCs                                                  are developed and adopted in all
                        developing countries and countries       GEF                                                    countries.
                        with economies in transition,
                        recognizing the cross-cutting nature of
                        capacity-building for chemical safety.




56              The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
                Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing capacity-building and technical cooperation (objective 4)
Work areas              Activities                              Actors                      Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress                Implementation aspects
                        214. Promote contributions to and use   IOMC                        2006–2010                  Coordination mechanisms for           Coordination mechanisms and
                        of, e.g., INFOCAP for exchanging        Basel Convention                                       information exchange are in place     options
                        information and increasing              Secretariat                                            and use of existing mechanism,        Training
                        coordination and cooperation on         National                                               e.g., INFOCAP, increases.
                        capacity-building activities for        Governments
                        chemical safety.
                                                                Industry
                                                                Trade unions
                                                                NGOs
                                                                INFOCAP6
                        215. Strengthen capacities in           Secretariats for            2006–2010                  Revision of national legislation is   Model legislation
                        developing countries and countries      Rotterdam and                                          in line with provisions of            Training
                        with economies in transition pertaining Stockholm                                              international conventions.
                        to implementation of international      Conventions                                            Responsible persons, e.g., focal
                        conventions concerning chemicals.       IOMC                                                   points and designated national
                                                                Basel Convention                                       authorities, are appointed in each
                                                                Secretariat                                            country.
                                                                National                                               Institutional frameworks required
                                                                Governments                                            for the implementation of
                                                                                                                       international conventions are
                                                                                                                       established in all countries.
                         216. Involve all stakeholders in the      National                 2006–2010                  Lists of relevant stakeholders are    National policy
                         elaboration and implementation of         Governments                                         established.                          Training
                         comprehensive plans for enhanced          IOMC                                                Relevant stakeholders are
                         capacity-building.                        Industry                                            involved in all capacity-building
                                                                   Trade unions                                        programmes in all countries.
                                                                   NGOs

                         217. Develop competencies and             IOMC                     2006–2010                  Sound chemicals management is         Training
                         capacities for the national planning of   GEF                                                 incorporated into national
                         projects relevant to the management of                                                        programmes.
                         chemicals.




               6
                      The permanent host for INFOCAP, with the appropriate administrative structure and mandate, should be accommodated in the final arrangements for SAICM
               implementation, e.g., hosted by the SAICM secretariat.



               The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory            57
               Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing capacity-building and technical cooperation (objective 4)
Work areas              Activities                              Actors                       Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress                Implementation aspects
                        218. Establish programmes for           IOMC                         2006–2010                  A pool of skilled scientists and      International and national training
                        scientific and technical training of    BCRCs                                                   technical personnel is established    programmes and institutions
                        personnel, including customs            National                                                in each country.
                        personnel.                              Governments
                        219. Establish national or regional     IOMC (UNEP, FAO,             2006–2010                  National laboratory facilities,       Model legislation
                        laboratory facilities, complete with    UNIDO, UNITAR,                                          complete with modern                  Training
                        modern instruments and equipment,       UNDP)                                                   instruments and equipment, are
                        including those necessary for testing   National                                                established in all countries.
                        emissions and operating according to    Governments
                        national standards.                     Research institutions
                                                                Industry
                        220. Establish regional reference       IOMC (UNEP, FAO,             2006–2010                  National reference laboratories       International standards
                        laboratories operated in accordance     UNIDO, UNITAR)                                          are established in each country.      Training
                        with international standards.           National
                                                                Governments
                                                                Research institutions
                                                                Industry
                        221. Establish or strengthen national   IOMC (UNEP, ILO,             2006–2010                  Infrastructure for the sound          Methodologies and guidelines
                        infrastructure, including for           FAO, WHO,                                               management of chemicals is            Model legislation
                        information management, poison          UNIDO, UNITAR,                                          established in all countries.         Training
                        control centres and emergency           UNDP)
                        response capabilities for chemical                                                                                                    Guidelines
                                                                National
                        incidents.                              Governments
                        222. Develop the resources for national IOMC (UNEP, ILO,             2006–2010                  Resources for national                Funding mechanisms and options
                        implementation plans and projects.      FAO, UNDP)                                              implementation plans and projects     Training
                                                                National                                                are available.
                                                                Governments
                                                                Trade unions
                                                                Industry
                        223. Address capacity needs for         National                     2006–2010                  Capacity needs assessments for        Identification of regulatory and
                        regulatory and voluntary approaches to Governments                                              regulatory and voluntary              voluntary approaches
                        chemicals management.                   Industry                                                approaches are accomplished in        Availability of assessment
                                                                IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                        all countries.                        methodologies
                                                                FAO, WHO, UNDP)                                                                               Training




58              The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
                Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing capacity-building and technical cooperation (objective 4)
Work areas              Activities                              Actors                      Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress                Implementation aspects
                        224. Improve coordination at the        National                    2006–2010                  Multi-stakeholder coordination        National policies
                        national level and strengthen policy    Governments                                            mechanisms and institutional          Training
                        integration across sectors, including   Industry                                               frameworks are established in all
                        the development of partnerships with    Trade unions                                           countries.
                        the private sector.
                                                                NGOs
                        225. Integrate the sound management     National                    2006–2010                  Sound management of chemicals         Model legislation
                        of chemicals capacity within ministries Governments                                            is incorporated in ministerial        National policy
                        involved in supporting chemicals        Industry                                               plans and programmes in each          Cross-sectoral coordinating
                        production, use and management.         Trade unions                                           country.                              mechanisms
                                                                NGOs
                                                                IOMC (FAO, UNDP)
                        226. Strengthen technical capacity and  IOMC (UNEP,                 2006–2010                  Technical capacity is developed       Needs assessment on technical
                        available technology (including         FAO, UNIDO,                                            in all countries.                     capacity
                        technology transfer).                   UNDP)                                                  Steps to improve available            Evaluation of existing
                                                                BCRCs                                                  technology are taken in all           technologies
                                                                National                                               countries.                            Availability of safe technologies
                                                                Governments                                            Only appropriate technology is        Training
                                                                                                                       transferred to developing
                                                                                                                       countries and countries with
                                                                                                                       economies in transition.
                         227. Strengthen mechanisms for            National                 2006–2010                  Multi-stakeholder mechanisms for      Methodologies and protocols
                         reporting and consolidating               Governments                                         reporting and consolidating           Training
                         information necessary to produce          Research institutions                               information necessary to produce
                         baseline overviews that will help         IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                    baseline overviews are
                         determine domestic management             FAO, WHO)                                           established in all countries.
                         priorities and gaps (e.g., PRTRs and
                         inventories) and taking into account      BCRCs
                         industry reporting initiatives.           Industry
                                                                   Trade unions
                                                                   NGOs
                         228. Develop infrastructure to redress    National                 2006–2010                  Accredited and reference              Standards
                         the lack of accreditation bodies and      Governments                                         laboratories are established at the   Training
                         accredited and reference laboratories     IOMC (UNEP, FAO,                                    regional and national levels.
                         with capacity to sample environmental     UNIDO)
                         and human matrices and foodstuffs.        Industry




               The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory               59
               Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing capacity-building and technical cooperation (objective 4)
Work areas              Activities                               Actors                     Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress                Implementation aspects
                        229. Establish the necessary training    National                   2006 –2010                 Training institutions and chemical    Standards
                        and infrastructure to undertake the      Governments                                           testing laboratories are              Training
                        necessary testing of chemicals for their IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                      established in all countries.
                        management across their life cycle.      FAO, WHO,
                                                                 UNITAR)
                                                                 Trade unions

                         230. Develop training programmes in        National                2006–2010                  Training programmes in risk           Risk assessment and management
                         risk assessment and                        Governments                                        assessment and management are         methodologies
                         management-related health techniques       IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                   established in all countries.         Training
                         and communication.                         FAO, WHO,
                                                                    UNITAR)
                                                                    Trade unions
                         231. Address training needed to            National                2006–2010                  Training needs assessments in         Model legislation
                         develop capacity in legislative            Governments                                        legislative approaches, policy        Training
                         approaches, policy formulation,            IOMC (UNEP, ILO,                                   formulation, analysis and
                         analysis and management.                   FAO, WHO,                                          management are undertaken in all
                                                                    UNITAR, UNDP)                                      countries.
                                                                    Trade unions
                         232. Provide training in the application   National                2006–2010                  Training in the application of        Model legislation
                         of relevant liability and compensation     Governments                                        liability and compensation            Liability and compensation
                         mechanisms.                                IOMC (UNEP, ILO)                                   mechanisms is provided in all         methodologies and models
                                                                    Trade unions                                       countries.                            Training
                                                                    NGOs                                                                                     APPEL programme
                         233. Provide training in emergency         National                2006–2010                  Training in emergency response is     Model legislation
                         response.                                  Governments                                        provided in all countries.            Availability of emergency
                                                                    IOMC (UNEP,                                                                              methodologies
                                                                    FAO, WHO)                                                                                Training
                                                                    Industry
                                                                    Trade unions




60             The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
               Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing capacity-building and technical cooperation (objective 4)
Work areas              Activities                             Actors                         Targets/Timeframes        Indicators of progress                  Implementation aspects
                        234. Provide the necessary technical   IOMC (UNEP,                    2006–2015                 Training and financial resources        Training
                        training and financial resources for   FAO, UNITAR)                                             for national Governments to             Detection and prevention
                        national Governments to detect and     Basel Convention                                         detect and prevent illegal traffic in   methodologies
                        prevent illegal traffic in toxic and   Secretariat                                              toxic and dangerous goods and
                        dangerous goods and hazardous          National                                                 hazardous wastes are provided to
                        wastes.                                Governments                                              all countries that require it.
                                                               Industry                                                 The capacity of countries to detect
                                                                                                                        and prevent illegal traffic in toxic
                                                                                                                        and dangerous goods and
                                                                                                                        hazardous waste is improved.
                          235. Outline specific capacity-building     IOMC (UNEP, ILO,        2006–2010                 Specific capacity-building              Methodologies
                          measures for each region.                   FAO, WHO)                                         measures are identified in all          Training
                                                                      BCRCs                                             regions.
                                                                      National
                                                                      Governments
                                                                      Industry
                                                                      Trade unions
                                                                      NGOs
                          236. Develop tools to assist industry to    Industry                2006–2010                 Tools for the provision of              Infrastructure
                          provide simplified chemicals                National                                          simplified information are
                          information to Government and               Governments                                       developed.
                          individual users.
Formulation of            237. Establish and strengthen poison        National                2006–2010                 Poison control centres are              WHO poison centre initiative
preventive and response   control centres to provide toxicological    Governments                                       established and strengthened and
measures to mitigate      information and advice; develop             IOMC (WHO)                                        clinical and analytical
environmental and         relevant clinical and analytical                                                              toxicological facilities are
health impacts of         toxicological facilities according to the                                                     established in all countries,
emergencies involving     needs identified and resources                                                                according to needs and available
chemicals                 available in each country.                                                                    resources.
Cleaner production        238. Provide training in cleaner            IOMC (UNEP,             2006–2010                 Training in cleaner production          Availability of methodologies
                          production techniques.                      UNIDO)                                            techniques is provided in all           Training
                                                                      National                                          countries
                                                                      Governments
                                                                      Research institutions
                                                                      National cleaner
                                                                      production centres




                The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory                61
                Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing capacity-building and technical cooperation (objective 4)
Work areas              Activities                               Actors                     Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress                Implementation aspects
                        239. Consider means to control the       IOMC (UNEP,                2006–2010                  Mechanisms for preventing             Model legislation
                        transboundary movement of dirty          UNIDO)                                                transboundary movement of dirty       Training
                        technologies.                            National                                              technologies are developed in all
                                                                 Governments                                           countries.
                                                                 Industry
                        240. Clearly define needs with respect   National                   2006–2010                  Instructors’ training needs are       Availability of technical capacity
                        to “training of trainers”.               Governments                                           clearly defined.
                                                                 Industry
                                                                 IOMC (UNEP)
                        241. Design clear and simple manuals     IOMC (UNEP,                2006–2010                  Clear and simple manuals and          Availability of technical capacity
                        and guides on practical measures to      UNIDO)                                                guides are designed.
                        assess production methods and
                        implement improvements.
                        242. Promote the transfer of             National
                        technology and knowledge for cleaner     Governments
                        production and manufacture of            IOMC (UNEP, FAO,
                        alternatives.                            WHO, UNIDO,
                                                                 UNDP, World Bank)
                                                                 GEF
                                                                 NGOs
                                                                 Trade unions
                                                                 Industry
Remediation of          243. Establish infrastructure for        IOMC (UNEP, FAO,           2011–2015                  Infrastructure for analysing and      Model legislation
contaminated sites      analyzing and remediating                WHO, UNIDO,                                           remediating contaminated sites is     Inventory and assessment of
                        contaminated sites.                      UNDP)                                                 established in all countries.         contaminated sites
                        Provide training in rehabilitation       GEF                                                   Training programmes in                Remediation techniques and
                        approaches.                              Regional bodies                                       rehabilitation of contaminated        approaches
                        Develop capacity to rehabilitate         (Basel Convention                                     sites are developed and               Training
                        contaminated sites.                      regional training                                     implemented in all countries.
                        Develop remediation techniques.          centres)                                              International technical and
                        Increase international cooperation in    National                                              financial assistance is provided to
                        the provision of technical and financial Governments                                           developing countries and
                        assistance to remedy environmental       Accredited training                                   countries with economies in
                        and human health effects of chemicals    institutions                                          transition.
                        caused by chemical accidents,            Industry
                        mismanagement, military practices and Trade unions
                        wars.




62             The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
               Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing capacity-building and technical cooperation (objective 4)
Work areas              Activities                               Actors                     Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress                Implementation aspects
Lead in gasoline        244. Develop capacity to identify        IOMC (UNEP,                2006–2010                  Infrastructure for analysing          Model legislation
                        alternatives to lead in gasoline,        UNIDO)                                                gasoline is established in all        Methodologies available
                        establish the necessary infrastructure   Regional bodies                                       countries.                            Training
                        for analysing gasoline and upgrade the   National
                        infrastructure needed to introduce       Governments
                        unleaded gasoline.
                                                                 Industry
Children and chemical   245. Develop mechanisms to facilitate    IOMC (ILO, WHO)            2006–2010                  Mechanisms to facilitate              Availability of methodologies
safety                  collaborative national and international UNICEF                                                collaborative national and            Training
                        research and shared technology.          Regional                                              international research and shared
                                                                 organizations                                         technologies are developed.
                                                                 National
                                                                 Governments
                                                                 Research
                                                                 organizations
                        246. Establish needed infrastructure     IOMC (ILO, WHO)            2006–2010                  Research on the impact of             Research centres
                        for research into the impact of          UNICEF                                                exposure to chemicals on children
                        exposure to chemicals on children and    National                                              and women is undertaken.
                        women.                                   Governments
                                                                 Stakeholders
                                                                 Trade unions
                                                                 Regional
                                                                 organizations
Risk assessment,        247. Establish accredited testing        Industry                   2016–2020                  Accredited testing facilities for     Accreditation systems
management and          facilities for chemicals.                ILAC                                                  chemicals are established in all      Financial resources
communication                                                    National                                              regions.                              Training
                                                                 Governments                                                                                 UNEP APELL
                                                                                                                                                             UNEP PRTR programmes
Implementation of GHS    248. Establish accredited testing           National               2011–2015                  Accredited testing facilities for     ILAC extension of accreditation
                         facilities to undertake testing of hazard   Governments                                       GHS purposes are established at       systems to all regions
                         characteristics of chemicals for                                                              least in all economic regions.
                         classification and verification of label
                         information.




               The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory              63
               Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing capacity-building and technical cooperation (objective 4)
Work areas              Activities                              Actors                      Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress                Implementation aspects
                        249. Promote training in hazard         National                    2006–2010                  Multi-stakeholder training            Availability of criteria for hazard
                        classification.                         Governments                                            programmes on hazard                  classification
                                                                IOMC (WHO, FAO,                                        classification are developed and      Training
                                                                OECD, UNITAR)                                          implemented in all countries.
                                                                Industry
                                                                Trade unions
                                                                NGOs
                        250. Make available sufficient          IOMC (FAO,                  2006–2010                  Sufficient financial and technical    Availability of national GHS
                        financial and technical resources to    UNITAR, OECD)                                          resources to support national and     capacity-building programmes
                        support national and regional GHS       GEF                                                    regional GHS capacity-building        Sharing of results of UNITAR
                        capacity-building projects in                                                                  projects in developing countries      pilot projects
                        developing countries and countries                                                             and countries with economies in
                        with economies in transition.                                                                  transition are available.
Trade and environment   251. Provide training on links between  IOMC (UNEP,                 2006–2010                  Training programmes in links          Availability of methodologies
                        trade and environment, including        UNITAR)                                                between trade and environment,        Training
                        needed negotiating skills.              WTO                                                    including needed negotiating
                                                                National                                               skills, are developed in all
                                                                Governments                                            countries.
                                                                Accredited training
                                                                institutions
                        252. Encourage cooperation between      IOMC (UNEP, FAO,            2006–2010                  Cooperation is increased.             Discussion at meetings of
                        secretariats of multilateral trade and  UNITAR)                                                                                      conferences of parties
                        multilateral environmental agreements
                        in development of programmes and
                        materials to enhance mutual
                        understanding of the rules and
                        disciplines in the two areas among
                        Governments, intergovernmental
                        institutions and other stakeholders.
Protected areas         253. Provide training in the concept of National                    2006–2010                  Training programmes in the            Methodologies
                        protected areas.                        Governments                                            concept of protected areas are        Training
                                                                IOMC (UNDP)                                            developed in each country.
                                                                Regional
                                                                organizations
                                                                Trade unions
                                                                NGOs




64             The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
               Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing capacity-building and technical cooperation (objective 4)
Work areas              Activities                               Actors                      Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress                Implementation aspects
                        254. Undertake capacity-building in      IOMC (UNDP)                 2011–2015                  The number of trained personnel
                        identifying and monitoring biological    National                                               has increased and laboratory
                        indicators.                              Governments                                            facilities are in place.
Occupational health and 255. Promote the necessary training      IOMC (ILO, FAO,             2006–2010                  Training capacity is in place.        ILO Global Strategy on
safety                  and capacity-building for all people     WHO)                                                                                         Occupational Safety and Health
                        involved directly and indirectly with    National
                        chemical use and disposal.               Governments
                                                                 Trade unions
                                                                 Industry
Information             256. Develop and enhance the capacity IOMC (ILO, UNEP,               2006–2010                  All countries have the capacity to    Necessary infrastructure in place
management and          to acquire, generate, store, disseminate UNITAR)                                                generate data and make it             Ability to interpret and apply
dissemination           and access information, including        National                                               available to stakeholders.            knowledge
                        INFOCAP.                                 Governments                                                                                  Training
                                                                 NGOs                                                                                         Awareness-raising
                                                                 Trade unions/labour
Social and economic     257. Establish the capacity to           National                    2011–2015                  Research institutions are             Training of scientists
considerations          undertake social and economic impact     Governments                                            established in all countries.
                        assessment.                              IOMC (OECD)
Waste management        258. Implement capacity-building         National                    2006–2010                  Programmes are executed to assist     Provision of expertise, information
                        programmes on waste minimization         Governments                                            national/local authorities to         Transfer of knowledge required
                        and increased resource efficiency,       IOMC (FAO, WHO,                                        develop zero waste resource           for reduction of volume and
                        including zero waste resource            UNIDO, UNITAR,                                         management.                           toxicity of discarded material
                        management, waste prevention,            UNDP)
                        substitution and toxic use reduction, to NGOs
                        reduce the volume and toxicity of
                        discarded materials.                     Basel Convention
                                                                 Secretariat
                                                                 BCRCs
                                                                 Trade unions
                        259. Develop national and local          IOMC (UNEP,                 2006–2010                  Essential technical and other         Provision of assistance including
                        capacities to monitor, assess and        WHO, UNIDO,                                            skills are developed for              training and equipment through
                        mitigate chemical impacts of dumps,      UNDP)                                                  monitoring, assessing and             assistance programmes
                        landfills and other waste facilities on  National                                               mitigating chemical problems for
                        human health and the environment.        Governments                                            dumps, landfills and other waste
                                                                 Trade unions                                           facilities.
                                                                 NGOs




                The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory                65
                Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing capacity-building and technical cooperation (objective 4)
Work areas              Activities                               Actors                     Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress                Implementation aspects
                        260. Undertake training programmes       National                   2006–2010                  Training programmes addressing        Technical assistance
                        for preventing the exposure of waste     Governments                                           the chemical safety needs of          Training
                        handlers and recyclers, particularly     Trade unions                                          waste handlers and recyclers are
                        waste scavengers, to hazardous           NGOs                                                  implemented.
                        chemicals and waste.
                                                                 Basel Convention
                                                                 Secretariat
                                                                 BCRCs
                                                                 IOMC (ILO)
                        261. Train customs officials to detect   National                   2006–2010                  Customs officials are trained to      Training
                        illegal transboundary movements of       Governments                                           detect illegal transboundary
                        waste.                                   World Customs                                         movements of waste.
                                                                 Organization
                                                                 BCRCs
                        262. Implement demonstration projects IOMC (UNEP, FAO,              2006–2010                  Zero waste demonstration              Infrastructure
                        on waste minimization and efficient      UNIDO, UNDP)                                          projects are identified, supported    Trained professionals
                        resource management in different         BCRCs                                                 and carried out.
                        countries with bilateral or multilateral National
                        support.                                 Governments
                                                                 Trade unions
                                                                 NGOs




66             The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
               Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing illegal traffic (objective 5)
Work areas               Activities                                 Actors                    Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress                Implementation aspects
Prevention of illegal    263. Promote with WCO the                  National Governments      2006–2010                  Harmonized tariff codes               WCO harmonized tariff codes
traffic in toxic and     dissemination and use of customs risk      WCO                                                  developed by WCO for                  Training
dangerous goods          profiles and material safety sheets as                                                          chemicals regulated in terms of       Cooperation with WCO
                         official means of identifying probable                                                          international instruments are
                         cases of illegal traffic.                                                                       implemented in all countries.

                          264. Address the matter of resources      SAICM financial           2006–2010                  A reliable and sustainable            Availability of funds
                          and operational mechanisms for            mechanism                                            financing mechanism is in place.      Development of criteria for
                          technical and financial assistance for                                                                                               accessing funds
                          developing countries and countries
                          with economies in transition, either
                          directly or through a relevant regional
                          organization.
                          265. Assess the extent and impact of      National Governments      2006–2010                  An assessment of the extent of        Clarification of the definition of
                          illegal traffic at the international,     Regional                                             illegal traffic is undertaken.        illegal international traffic
                          regional, subregional, and national       organizations, e.g.,
                          levels.                                   COMESA, AU, EAC,
                                                                    SADC, etc.
                          266. Expand the level of coordination     National Governments      2006–2010                  Coordination among all                Awareness-raising
                          and cooperation among all                 Trade unions                                         stakeholders is enhanced in all
                          stakeholders.                             NGOs                                                 countries.
                                                                    International actors
                          267. Address how international            National Governments      2006–2010                  Mechanisms to control
                          conventions related to the sound          IFCS                                                 transboundary movement of
                          management of chemicals and national      Rotterdam and Basel                                  toxic and hazardous chemicals
                          laws may be more effectively applied      convention                                           are in place.
                          to the transboundary movement of          secretariats
                          toxic and hazardous chemicals.            Trade unions
                                                                    NGOs
                          268. Promote efforts to prevent illegal   National Governments      2006–2010                  Enforcement mechanisms are in         Provision of training and required
                          international trafficking of toxic and    IFCS                                                 place.                                equipment
                          hazardous chemicals and to prevent        WCO                                                  Illegal trafficking of toxic and      Legislation in place
                          damage resulting from their               IGOs                                                 hazardous chemicals is reduced.
                          transboundary movement and disposal.
                          269. Promote the adoption by              IGOs                      2006–2010                  Intergovernmental organizations       Chemical conventions
                          intergovernmental organizations of                                                             have adopted decisions on the         Availability of information on
                          decisions on the prevention of illegal                                                         prevention of illegal international   extent of illegal traffic
                          international traffic in toxic and                                                             traffic in toxic and hazardous        Capacity at the national level to
                          hazardous products.                                                                            products.                             implement control systems




                The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory                 67
                Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
Work areas addressing illegal traffic (objective 5)
Work areas               Activities                                  Actors                    Targets/Timeframes         Indicators of progress               Implementation aspects
                         270. Train customs, agricultural and        National Governments      2006–2010                  Customs, agricultural and health
                         health officials to detect illegal toxic                                                         officials are trained to detect
                         hazardous chemicals.                                                                             illegal toxic and hazardous
                                                                                                                          chemicals.
                           271. Create a global information          Interpol                  2011–2015                  An information network,              Type of early warning system
                           network, including early warning          National Governments                                 including early warning systems,     identified
                           systems, across international borders,    WCO                                                  is established for all regions.
                           especially at the regional level.         WTO
                                                                     Trade unions
                                                                     non-governmental
                                                                     organizations
Waste management           272. Strengthen national strategies for   National                  2006–2010                  Strengthened strategies are in       Provision of training and required
                           prevention, detection and control of      Governments                                          place.                               equipment
                           illegal transboundary movements of        BCRCs
                           waste.                                    Basel Convention
                                                                     Secretariat
                                                                     Industry
                                                                     Trade unions
                                                                     NGOs
                           273. Promote efforts to prevent illegal   National                  2006–2010                  Illegal transboundary movements      Legislation
                           traffic of waste.                         Governments                                          of waste are reduced.                Availability of trained
                                                                     Basel Convention                                                                          professionals
                                                                     Secretariat
                                                                     Industry
                                                                     Trade unions
                                                                     NGOs




68               The columns on actors, targets/timeframes, indicators of progress and implementation aspects were not discussed at the third session of the Preparatory
                 Committee, and may warrant further consideration as part of implementation of the Strategic Approach.
                                                                                                                                                                          SAICM/ICCM.1/4




Table C. List of activities on which consensus was not reached at the third session of the Preparatory Committee for the
         Development of a Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management and which will require further
         consideration as part of the implementation of the Strategic Approach7
Work area              Activities                                      Actors                     Targets/Timeframes   Indicators of progress          Implementation aspects
Work areas addressing risk reduction (objective 1)
Children and chemical 1. Reduce exposure where risks to children       National Governments       2011–2015            Exposure to chemical risks by   Model legislation
safety                 are identified, secure commitment from          Industry                                        children is reduced.            Commitments secured from
                       responsible stakeholders to share adequate      Consumers                                                                       responsible stakeholders to
                       information, and act in accordance with the                                                                                     manage unacceptable risks to
                                                                       NGOs
                       precautionary principle in the Rio                                                                                              children appropriately
                       Declaration                                     Trade unions
                       Apply precautionary measures when there
                       are reasonable grounds for concern, even
                       when there is a lack of full scientific
                       certainty as to a chemical’s environmental
                       or health effects.
                       Appropriately apply the precautionary
                       approach set forth in Principle 15 of the Rio
                       Declaration on Environment and
                       Development where there are threats of
                       serious or irreversible damage.8




                7
                         A list of the acronyms used in this table is set out in table D.
                8
                         To be revisited when agreement on wording in the OPS has been reached.
                                                                                                                                                                                      69
SAICM/ICCM.1/4



Work area             Activities                                      Actors                   Targets/Timeframes   Indicators of progress             Implementation aspects
                      2. With regard to the chemical composition      Consumer organizations   2006–2010            There is a decrease in the         Market surveillance and
                      of children’s products and toys:                Industry                                      quantities of such products on     monitoring of such products on
                          Manufacturers should stop placing on                                                     the market.                        the market; designation of one
                           the market products containing                                                           Legal instruments for protection   or more laboratories as centres
                           substances that have or may have                                                         of children against harmful        for developing specific
                           adverse effects on children’s health or                                                  substances are in force.           analytical methods
                           on the environment;                                                                      An evaluation of possible          Establishment of laboratories
                          Relevant responsible authorities should                                                  adverse effects of fragrances is   with accredited methods,
                           consider all legal measures addressing                                                   prepared by industry and           appropriate capacity, and
                           phthalates of concern, especially in                                                     protection measures are            geographic density around the
                           relation to products made for small                                                      recommended to consumers.          world; training of inspectors
                           children;                                                                                                                   and laboratory personnel
                          Industry and relevant authorities should                                                                                    Establishment of good
                           evaluate the use and potential adverse                                                                                      cooperation among authorities
                           effects of fragrances with a view to                                                                                        and industry in the evaluation
                           minimizing the use of fragrances to                                                                                         of substances/fragrances by
                           which people are sensitive.                                                                                                 industry and the revision of this
                                                                                                                                                       by the authorities
Occupational health   3. Enhance risk reduction programmes            National Governments
and safety            through the expansion of insurance coverage
                      and compensation systems.
                      4. Minimize chemicals incidents of all          Industry                 2006–2010            Systems to prevent major           International initiatives: CEFIC
                      kinds.                                          National Governments                          accidents and for emergency        Safety and Quality Assessment
                                                                      IOMC (ILO, WHO                                preparedness and response are      System for road and rail
                                                                                                                    established in all countries.
                                                                      UNIDO
                      5. Work towards a total ban of asbestos.
                      Countries should consider the various forms
                      of asbestos and consider a phase-out of
                      asbestos uses.
                      Countries should undertake to prohibit all
                      forms of amphibole asbestos and effectively
                      enforce the provision of ILO Convention
                      162 on the safety and use of asbestos or
                      chrysotile.




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                                                                                                                                                                                   SAICM/ICCM.1/4



Work area                  Activities                                        Actors                 Targets/Timeframes   Indicators of progress              Implementation aspects
Highly toxic pesticides    6. Prohibit or restrict availability (including   National Governments   2011–2015            National legislation includes       Model legislation
risk management and        the use of import and export controls, as         IOMC (FAO)                                  prohibitions or restrictions on     Enforcement regime
reduction                  desirable) and use of highly toxic pesticides                                                 highly toxic pesticides in all      Development of alternatives
                           (such as formulations classified by WHO9                                                      countries.
                           as extremely hazardous (class 1a) and                                                                                             Criteria and definitions of
                                                                                                                         Use of highly toxic pesticides is   highly toxic pesticides
                           highly hazardous (class 1b)) and those                                                        reduced in all countries.
                           pesticides associated with frequent and
                           severe poisoning incidents.
Reduced health and         7. Halt the sale of products and recall them      National Governments   2006–2010            Products posing unacceptable        Legislation
environmental risks of     when handling or use poses an unacceptable        Industry                                    risk are no longer sold and are     Technical capacity
pesticides                 risk under any use directions or restrictions.                                                recalled in all countries.
Remediation of             8. Establish a fund for use in the event of       National Governments   2006–2010            A fund is developed and             OECD work in this area
contaminated sites         accidents to finance site remediation and to      Industry                                    available.
                           support those harmed. Establish an accident       NGOs                                        A preventive programme is in
                           prevention programme.                                                                         place.
                                                                             IOMC (OECD)
Sound agricultural         9. Develop a programme of research on             IOMC (UNEP, ILO,       2006–2010            A programme is developed.           Funding
practices                  alternatives for toxic and ozone-depleting        FAO, WHO, UNDP,                                                                 Technical expertise
                           substances.                                       World Bank)
                           10. Develop guidelines for the transport and      IOMC (UNEP, ILO,       2006–2010            Guidance is developed.              Technical expertise
                           safe management of toxic and                      FAO, WHO, UNDP,                                                                 Infrastructure for dissemination
                           ozone-depleting substances in order to            World Bank)                                                                     of information
                           protect users and the environment.                                                                                                Awareness-raising
Risk assessment,           11. Integrate the control of chemicals and        National Governments   2006–2010            Control of chemicals is             Model legislation
management and             pollution control initiatives.                    IOMC                                        integrated with pollution control   Training
communication              Apply precautionary measures when there                                                       initiatives in all countries.
                           are reasonable grounds for concern, even                                                      The precautionary approach is
                           when there is a lack of full scientific                                                       incorporated in relevant policies
                           certainty as to a chemical’s environmental                                                    for chemicals management in all
                           or health effects.                                                                            countries.
                           Appropriately apply the precautionary                                                         A precautionary approach in
                           approach set forth in Principle 15 of the Rio                                                 decision-making is applied in all
                           Declaration on Environment and                                                                countries.
                           Development where there are threats of
                           serious or irreversible damage.10




                   9
                           World Health Organization, Recommended Classification of Pesticides by Hazard and Guidelines to Classification, 2000–2002, WHO/PCS/01.5,
                   http://www.who.int/pcs/docs/Classification%20of%20Pesticides%202000-02.pdf.
                   10
                           To be revisited when agreement on wording in the OPS has been reached.
                                                                                                                                                                                                71
SAICM/ICCM.1/4



Work area              Activities                                       Actors                 Targets/Timeframes   Indicators of progress              Implementation aspects
Formulation of         12. Enhance understanding of the                 OPCW                   2016–2020            Gaps in understanding the           Chemical Weapons Convention
prevention and         circumstances of chemical contamination          IOMC (UNEP, WHO)                            circumstances of chemical           UNEP Post-Conflict
response measures to   during war and possible measures to              National Governments                        contamination during war are        Assessment Unit
mitigate               mitigate its environmental and human health                                                  filled and measures to mitigate
environmental and      effects.                                         NGOs                                        its environmental and human
health impacts of                                                                                                   health effects are implemented.
emergencies involving
chemicals
Work areas addressing knowledge and information (objective 2)
Information            13. Consider the concept of “no data: no
management and         market”.
dissemination          14. Promote the development of an
                       international register (database) of
                       chemicals which would be easily accessible.
Work areas addressing governance (objective 3)
Promote industry       15. Promote the development of standards         Industry               2006–2010            Responsible Care guidelines and     Government support for the
participation and      of behaviour for multinational as well as        Trade unions                                other relevant standards for the    implementation of the
responsibility         national corporations involved in the supply     National Governments                        behaviour of multinational          guidelines for all chemical
                       and export of chemicals to, and production       NGOs                                        corporations in developing          companies
                       and the use of chemicals within, developing                                                  countries and countries with        Awareness-raising
                       countries and countries with economies in        IGOs                                        economies in transition are
                       transition.                                      IOMC (FAO)                                  developed and complied with.

Liability and           16. Establish or maintain corporate liability   National Governments   2016–2020            Corporate liability and             Development of a system for
compensation            and compensation systems for holding            Insurance industry                          compensation systems for            assessing the cost of damage
                        appropriate parties responsible for damage      Accredited training                         holding appropriate parties         caused by chemicals
                        to human health, including the health of        institutions                                responsible for damage to human     Model legislation
                        workers, and the environment caused by                                                      health and the environment
                        chemicals.                                                                                  caused by chemicals are
                                                                                                                    established.
                        17. Develop and implement mechanisms            National Governments   2016–2020            Mechanisms that equitably           Development of a system for
                        that equitably allocate the costs of all        Insurance industry                          allocate the costs of all impacts   assessing the cost of damage
                        impacts on human health, society and the        Accredited training                         on human health, society and the    caused by chemicals
                        environment caused by the production and        institutions                                environment caused by the           Model legislation
                        use of chemicals, including thorough                                                        production and use of chemicals
                        liability and compensation mechanisms.                                                      are established.
                        18. Develop international and national legal    National Governments   2011–2015            International and national legal    Model legislation
                        instruments for the victims of pollution and                                                instruments for the victims of
                        damage to human health and the                                                              pollution and damage to human
                        environment.                                                                                health and the environment are
                                                                                                                    developed.


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                                                                                                                                                                           SAICM/ICCM.1/4



Work area                Activities                                    Actors                 Targets/Timeframes   Indicators of progress             Implementation aspects
                         19. Establish a strict liability regime and   National Governments   2016–2020            A strict liability regime is       Development of a system for
                         efficient arrangements for providing          Insurance industry                          established in all countries.      assessing the cost of damage
                         compensation for damage caused by             Accredited training                                                            caused by chemicals
                         chemicals, including damage to human          institutions                                                                   Model legislation
                         health and the environment.

Work areas addressing capacity-building and technical cooperation (objective 4)
Sound agricultural     20. Provide training and information        IOMC (ILO, FAO,            2006–2010            Training and information           Use of lower-risk and safer
practices              exchange in sound agricultural practices.   UNDP)                                           exchange is provided.              alternatives (that do not rely on
                                                                   Farmer organizations                                                               polluting or harmful
                                                                   Agricultural extension                                                             chemicals), as well as
                                                                   services                                                                           non-chemical alternatives
                                                                   Trade unions                                                                       Availability of training
                                                                                                                                                      materials
                                                                                                                                                      Availability of infrastructure
                                                                                                                                                      for dissemination of
                                                                                                                                                      information
Work areas addressing illegal international traffic (objective 5)
Prevention of illegal  21. Encourage countries that ban, for           National Governments   2011–2015            Export and import of banned        Rotterdam Convention
traffic in toxic and   environmental or health reasons, the sale or    SAICM                                       chemicals are completely halted.   National legislation
dangerous goods        use of specified chemicals within their own     IFCS                                        Surveillance mechanisms are        Surveillance system
                       territories to consider not exporting, or                                                   established.
                       permit the export of, those chemicals.          IOMC
                                                                                                                   Databases of banned chemicals
                                                                                                                   are established at the regional
                                                                                                                   level.




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SAICM/ICCM.1/4


Table D. List of acronyms used in tables B and C
       APELL               Awareness and Preparedness for Emergencies at a Local Level
       AU                  African Union
       BCRC                Basel Convention regional centre
       CEFIC               European Chemical Industry Council
       CGIAR               Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research
       COMESA              Common Market of East and Southern Africa
       EAC                 East African Community
       FAO                 Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
       GEF                 Global Environment Facility
       IFCS                Intergovernmental Forum on Chemical Safety
       IGO                 Intergovernmental organization
       ILAC                International Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation
       ILO                 International Labour Organization
       INFOCAP             Information Exchange Network on Capacity-building for the Sound
                           Management of Chemicals
       INTERPOL            International Criminal Police Organization
       IOMC                Inter-Organization Programme for the Sound Management of Chemicals
       IPCS                International Programme for Chemical Safety
       IPEN                International POPs Elimination Network
       IRF                 International Road Federation
       NGO                 Non-governmental organization
       OECD                Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
       OPCW                Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons
       OTIF                Intergovernmental Organization for International Carriage by Rail
       PRTR                Pollutant release and transfer register
       SADC                Southern African Development Community
       TBT Convention      International Convention on the Control of Harmful Antifouling Systems
                           on Ships
       UNDP                United Nations Development Programme
       UNEP                United Nations Environment Programme
       UNICEF              United Nations Children’s Fund
       UNIDO               United Nations Industrial Development Organization
       UNITAR              United Nations Institute for Training and Research
       WCO                 World Customs Organization
       WHO                 World Health Organization
       WTO                 World Trade Organization




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                                                                                                      SAICM/ICCM.1/4


Annex II
     Key for correlating activity numbers in the President’s proposed revision
     of the draft global plan of action to the numbers for those activities in
     version of the plan of action contained in the report of the third session of
     the Preparatory Committee

New activity numbers in the draft global plan of action      Former activity numbers in the draft global plan of
(President’s proposed revision, as contained in Annex I to   action
SAICM/ICCM.1/4)                                              (Version developed at the third session of the Preparatory
                                                             Committee, as contained in section B of Annex III to
                                                             SAICM/ICCM.1/INF/2)
Table B
1–7                                                          1–7
8, 9                                                         9, 10
10–19                                                        12–21
20                                                           24
21–26                                                        26–31
27–42                                                        33–48
43–47                                                        50–54
48, 49                                                       56, 57
50–60                                                        60–70
61–79                                                        72–90
80–106                                                       92–118
107–109                                                      120–122
110–189                                                      124–203
190–198                                                      205–213
199                                                          216
200–250                                                      219–269
251–263                                                      271–283
264–273                                                      285–294
Table C
1                                                            8
2                                                            11
3, 4                                                         22, 23
5                                                            25
6                                                            32
7                                                            49
8                                                            55
9, 10                                                        58, 59
11                                                           71
12                                                           91
13                                                           119
14                                                           123
15                                                           204
16, 17                                                       214, 215
18, 19                                                       217, 218
20                                                           270
21                                                           284

                                          ___________________________




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