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					A visual review of
      WH 1
  Greek Architecture
•2 major Greek
 contributions
•Parthenon
•3 types of columns
The Parthenon - temple to Athena
The Parthenon - temple to Athena
The Parthenon - temple to Athena
 3 types of Greek
     columns
•Doric - simple
•Ionian - fancier
•Corinthian - fanciest
•see pictures
Doric -
simple
Ionian -
fancier
Corinthian - fanciest
•these columns have
 been copied for
 centuries by
 builders
ROMAN architecture
 •Pantheon - in
  Rome, temple to
  all of the Roman
  gods, concrete
  dome
Pantheon
- to all of
the
Roman
gods
Rome’s
Colosseum
• A stadium for
  gladitorial
  fights/
  entertainment
Rome’s
Colosseum
The Forum in Rome – a place
“for-um” to shop
The Forum in Rome
•a large public
 area/market
•similar to
 Greece’s agora
• features of Roman
  architecture have
  been reproduced in
  Western buildings
• arch
• dome
• concrete
Rome’s roads - for
moving people &
stuff
A Roman
aqueduct -
for moving
water
Another
aqueduct,
in Fr.,
built by
Romans
in 49 BC
  aqueducts
•to move water
 from where it is
 to where it was
 needed
Hagia Sophia - Church




minarets were added later by Muslims
      Hagia Sophia
• largest Christian church of
  its time
• built in Constantinople
  (city is now known as
  Istanbul)
• notice the rectangular
  room with a round dome
A Russian
church -

notice the
onion-
shaped
domes
with
crosses
Russian church - onion-shaped domes
with crosses
A mosque in Hampton - notice the
crescent moon atop the dome, NOT a
cross
Mosque
in
Mecca
with
minarets
(towers)

Kaaba
in center
Kaaba in Mecca - destination for
Muslim pilgrims
Mosque in Mecca -
see the minarets
The Great Wall - WAS the border, isn’t a
border any more
Notice the Silk Road, the red line
pointing the way to the west
Note location of China’s Huang River -
Huang has a hump
India began along the Indus River
the Indus and
Ganges 2
very
important
rivers for
India
The Taj Mahal - towers show influence
of the religion of Islam on architecture in
India after 600 AD
Egypt’s pyramids - tombs for
pharaohs(kings)
Egypt’s location along the Nile - in yellow
Sumerian ziggurat - temple made of brick
The Fertile Crescent - shown in yellow
2 major rivers - Tigris & Euphrates
Greece’s location
       Greece’s Location,
       location, location
•   Good for trade
•   On a peninsula
•   between Mediterranean Sea &
•   Aegean Sea
•   easy sailing distance to Egypt &
    Fertile Crescent
Rival Greek city-states - Athens & Sparta
Rome’s Empire at its largest
Emperor Hadrian’s Wall
across Great Britain marked the northern
boundary of the Roman Empire
 Ancient African History by the SOL
• African civilizations developed at Kush
  in East Africa and Ghana in West
  Africa.
• Kush and Ghana concentrated on trade
  with different partners.
• Both economies focused on trade
  throughout Africa and the Middle East.
• Kush traded primarily with Egypt.
• Ghana’s economy was based on the
  exchange of gold for salt.
    Kingdom of Kush
• yellow
• along the Nile
  River in what
  is now Sudan.
                  Ghana
• In west
  Africa
• Economy
  based on
  gold for salt
• trade across
  the Sahara
  region
2 African Civilizations
• Kush in East Africa
• Ghana in West Africa
• major similarity - both relied
  on trade
• major difference - different
  trading partners
Niger River
Ghana, Mali,
               Kush
  Songhai
                Axum




          Zimbabwe
Egyptian hieroglyphs - (pictograms)pictures
representing words
The Rosetta
Stone –
provided a
way to read
and
understand
Egyptian
Hieroglyphics
Bird tracks
on wet
sand? No

Cuneiform

Sumerian
writing
Sanskrit – writing from Ancient India
 The Phoenicians were the
first to develop an alphabet
• ABCDEFGHIJKLOM
  NOPQRSTUVWXYZ
• Ours is the Roman
  alphabet
Zambezi River
                Great Zimbabwe
Limpopo River
Greece
Baltic Sea




             Black Sea
 Andes
Mountains
Hindu Kush
Mountains    South & East Asia


                 Himalayas
China
   Korea
Sea of
Japan
         Japan

				
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