Adjectives and Adverbs by xiagong0815

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									ADJECTIVES AND
ADVERBS
Forming Comparisons
Adjectives
• Remember that an adjective is a word that
 modifies, or describes, a noun.

• Adjectives answer
     which one,
     what kind, and
     how many.

• The articles a, an, and the are the most
 commonly used adjectives.
Other Adjectives…
Proper adjectives are often formed from nouns.

Examples: Olympian swimmer
          North American countries
          Nike shoes

A Predicate adjective follows the linking verb and
describes the verb’s subject.

Example: Some students are extraordinary.
Pronouns as Adjectives…
Sometimes nouns can be used as adjectives to make their
meaning more specific.

Demonstrative pronouns (this, that, these, and those) can
be used as adjectives.

This food tastes soggy. That food tastes fresh.

Indefinite pronouns (all, each, both, few, most, and some)
can be used as adjectives.
Nouns as Adjectives
Nouns can also be used as adjectives to modify another
noun.

The fingerprint evidence convicted the robber.

He was convicted on murder charges.

A large dinner party was taking place.
Adverbs
• An adverb is a word that modifies a verb, an adjective, or
 another adverb.

• Adverbs answer the questions
      How,
      When,
      Where, and
      To what extent.

  Adverbs can appear at different places in a sentence.
       John completed the exam quickly.
       Quickly, John completed the exam.
       John quickly completed the exam.
Making Comparisons- Comparative Form
Use the comparative form of an adjective or
adverb when you compare a person or thing
with ONE other person or thing.

• Earth is LARGER than Venus. (adjective)


• Earth orbits the sun MORE SLOWLY than
 Venus. (adverb)
Making Comparisons- Superlative Form
Use the superlative form of an adjective
when you compare someone or something
with MORE THAN ONE other person or
thing.

Which of the four inner planets is the
hottest?

Which of the five outer planets rotates most
quickly?
One -Syllable Modifiers
Form the comparative and superlative forms of a one-
syllable adjective by adding –er for the comparative form
and –est for the superlative.

  One-Syllable
                 Comparative Form      Superlative Form
  Adjective
  tall            taller               tallest

  old             older                oldest

  long            longer               longest

If the one-syllable adjective ends with an e, just add –r
for the comparative form and –st for the superlative form.
  Two Syllable Modifiers
 With most two-syllable adjectives, you form the
 comparative with more and the superlative with most.
Two-Syllable Adjective         Comparative Form    Superlative Form
peaceful                       more peaceful       most peaceful
pleasant                       more pleasant       most pleasant
careful                        more careful        most careful
thoughtful                     more thoughtful     most thoughtful

 Two-syllable adjectives ending in –er, -le, or –ow take –er and –est to
 form the comparative and superlative forms.

Two-Syllable Adjective
                                Comparative Form    Superlative Form
Ending with -er, -le, or -ow
narrow                          narrower            narrowest
gentle                          gentler             gentlest
Three or more Syllable Modifiers
 For adjectives with three syllables or more, you form the
 comparative with more and the superlative with most.
Adjective with Three
                       Comparative Form   Superlative Form
or More Syllables
generous               more generous      most generous
important              more important     most important
intelligent            more intelligent   most intelligent
Irregular Adjectives
These adjectives have irregular comparative and
superlative forms.

Irregular Adjective   Comparative Form   Superlative Form
good                  better             best
bad                   worse              worst
far                   farther            farthest
little                less               least
many                  more               most

								
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