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					What this Broadcast Will Cover
• Day One
  • Indicators and Attributes
  • Changes from Version 3 to Version 4
  • Ecological Sites, State and Transition
    Models, and Reference Sheet Introduction
  • Break
  • Reference Sheet Development
  • Reference Sheet Exercise (homework)
                                               1
What this Broadcast Will Cover
• Day Two
  • Reviewing your Reference Sheets
  • Evaluation Matrix
  • Break
  • Quantitative Data
  • Applications
  • What’s Next?
  • Closing Thoughts

                                      2
    Version 3




1999 Peer Review   3
 Developing Version 4



Montana




Arizona                 4
 Changes from Version 3.0 to
       4.0 – page iii
1) Added the Reference Sheet
2) Evaluation matrices are ecologically site-
   specific
3) Litter movement indicator moved from
   Hydrologic Function to Soil and Site Stability
   Attribute
4) Added Quantitative and Qualitative linkages
5) Revised worksheets to improve usability
                                                 5
Reference Sheet




                  6
Ecological Site-specific
 Evaluation Matrices




                           7
Litter Movement Indicator

                 Moved from the
                 Hydrologic
                 Function to Soil
                 and Site Stability
                 Attribute


                                 8
            Added Quantitative and
             Qualitative Linkages
Indicator   Quantitative Indicator   Measurement (References)            Interpretation

Bare        % Bare Ground            Line Point Intercept (Monitoring    Bare ground is positively
Ground                               Manual and Measuring & Monitoring   correlated with runoff and
                                     Plant Populations)                  erosion




                                                                                            9
Improved Worksheet Usability
• Eliminated ‘Species Dominance’ and
 ‘Cover’ Worksheet’s
• Added noxious weeds and invasive
 plants to Functional and Structural
 Groups Sheet
• Evaluation Sheet
  • Emphasizes written justifications
  • The “Extreme Departure” rating was
    changed to “Extreme to Total Departure”   10
         Terminology


• Inventory

• Monitoring

• Assessment

                       11
                  Inventory
The systematic acquisition and analysis of resource
 information needed for planning and
 management. This information is generally not
 collected as frequently as monitoring data.




                                                12
                Monitoring
The orderly and quantitative collection, analysis
and interpretation of resource data to evaluate
progress toward meeting management objectives.

                Percent of Cover
    Attribute              1980 1990 2000
    Bare Ground             12     20   26
    Live Plants (canopy)    47     34   27

                                              13
                Assessment
The process of estimating or judging the value or
functional status of ecological processes (e.g.,
rangeland health). It is generally a “moment-in-
time” evaluation that is not repeated in the future
(not a monitoring tool).




                                                14
 Indicators


 Attributes



Interpretations


Applications
                  15
     Applying the Five Steps – pg 17

1.   Verify soils
2.   Obtain or develop Reference Sheet
3.   Collect supplementary information
4.   Rate the 17 indicators
5.   Evaluate the 3 rangeland health
     attributes

                                         16
   STEP 1

 Verify soils to
  identify the
Ecological Site
     at the
evaluation area


              17
  Step 1 – Verify Soils to Identify
 Ecological Site at Evaluation Area
• Consider slope, aspect, elevation, & topographic
  position

• Verify soil with a shallow soil pit:
       • Surface Texture
       • Depth to restrictions
       • Diagnostic horizons

• Identify ecological site

• Document soil-ecological site information on
  Evaluation Sheet- Appendix 1 (page 66)
                                                     18
STEP 2

Obtain or
 develop
Reference
  Sheet


            19
Reference Sheet is the Standard
                    Reference Sheet




        Knowledge


                                                  Soil Information




                                                        Ecological Site
                                                         Description
 Research




                                      Reference
    Studies                                                         20
                                       Area(s)
 STEP 2

  Modify
Evaluation
  Matrix


          21
   STEP 3

    Collect
Supplementary
 Information




            22
              Step 3.
Collect Supplementary Information
 • Spatial and temporal variability
 • Ecological reference areas
 • Functional and structural groups sheet
 • Quantitative Data



                                            23
 STEP 4

Rate the 17
indicators




          24
  STEP 5

Evaluate the 3
 Rangeland
   Health
  Attributes



            25
THREE RANGELAND HEALTH ATTRIBUTES ASSESSED BY 17 INDICATORS

      Soil /Site                    Hydrologic                             Biotic
      Stability                      Function                            Integrity

                         Rills                                 Functional/Structural Groups

                Water-Flow Patterns                              Plant Mortality/Decadence

            Pedestals and/or Terracettes                            Annual Production

                     Bare Ground                                      Invasive Plants

                       Gullies                                    Reproductive Capability

                            Soil Surface Resistance to Erosion

                            Soil Surface Loss or Degradation

                                    Compaction Layer

Wind-Scoured, Blowouts                               Litter Amount
 &/or Deposition Areas
                            Plant Community Composition
   Litter Movement          Relative to Infiltration/Runoff

                                                                                              26

				
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