Standard 14 Assignment
Answer these questions on a separate piece of paper. Each answer should be at least 5 sentences long. You
should explain the reason for the answer.
1. On April 11, 1898, President William McKinley asked Congress to declare war on Spain in order to
liberate Cuba from Spanish control. Before Congress approved the declaration of war, the Teller
Amendment was added to it. What was the purpose of the Teller Amendment?
2. One of the reasons that many Americans were supportive of the Spanish-American War is that they had
been exposed to pro-war sentiments in newspapers that often exaggerated the severity of the situation
that existed in Cuba. William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer were two newspaper owners who
tried to increase the circulation of their newspapers by publishing sensational stories. Which term best
describes this type of journalism?
3. In an address to Congress in 1823, President James Monroe said that the Western Hemisphere was
closed to further European colonization and interference in political affairs. The ideas expressed in this
speech became known as the Monroe Doctrine and influenced American foreign policy up until the early
20th century. Give an example of a U.S. intervention in foreign affairs that the U.S. claimed was justified
by the principles set forth in the Monroe Doctrine?
4. The Platt Amendment was a treaty that allowed the United States to build military bases in which
5. One of President Theodore Roosevelt's favorite phrases was an African proverb which was "Speak softly,
and carry a big stick, you will go far." Roosevelt's foreign policy became known as big stick diplomacy.
Describe big stick diplomacy?
6. What event contributed to the outbreak of the Spanish-American War?
7. What territories did the United States acquire as a result of the Spanish-American War?
8. What was the first territory that the United States acquired in the Pacific Ocean?
9. In a 1904 address to Congress, President Theodore Roosevelt stated that the United States would
intervene in the finances of countries in the Western Hemisphere who were unable to pay their debts to
foreign creditors. Known as the Roosevelt Corollary, this was an addition to which U.S. foreign policy?
10. In 1902, Secretary of State John Hay negotiated a treaty with Colombian Foreign Minister Tomás Herrán
in which the United States was granted permission to build a canal in Panama, which was controlled by
Colombia at the time. The U.S. Senate approved this treaty, but the Colombian government did not.
What did the United States do after the rejection of this treaty?
11. What treaty ended the Spanish-American War?
12. The Open Door Policy expanded international trade in which country?
13. One reason the United States was interested in acquiring Hawaii was that trade with Hawaii had become
quite important. What was Hawaii's primary export to the United States?
14. President William Howard Taft's foreign policy encouraged American investment in foreign countries
and increased trade. What was the name given to Taft's foreign policy?