Denmark by DHarperii


									                                                           COUNTRY PROFILES


1.0     National Support to Public Health Research

This information was collected through surveys answered by the Ministry of Health and Ministry of Science in each
country. The first diagram represents the hierarchical funding available for public health research in each country. Also
listed are the Ministries and organisations which support public health research, the national long term strategies for
health research and ministerial public health research priorities where information was available.

1.1     Management of Public Health Research

                                                                             Government Funding

                                                                             Ministries Research
                                                                             and Development

                                         Ministry of Science,              Ministry of Family      Ministry of the
                                         Technology and Innovation         and Consumer            Interior and Health

                            Danish Council for   The Danish Councils
                            Strategic Research   for Independent            Danish Institute for    National Institute
                                                 Research (including the    Food and Veterinary     of Public Health
                                                 Danish Medical             Research
                                                 Research Council)

1.2    Ministries Inquired
Ministry of the Interior and Health

Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation

1.3      Organisations Involved in Ministries Supporting Public Health Research
National Institute of Public Health
It is an independent research institute under the Danish Ministry of the Interior and Health. The primary purpose is to
conduct research into the health and morbidity of the Danish population and the functioning of the health care system
with an emphasis on application-oriented research; carry out monitoring and surveillance of the health and morbidity
development of the Danes; make reviews and consultancy for public authorities; and participate in post-graduate
education within public health science and social medicine.

Danish Institute for Food and Veterinary Research
They conduct research into nutrition, food safety, infectious animal diseases, and health and the environment. They
perform risk assessments and undertake consultancies based on scientific results for authorities. The Danish Institute for
Food and Veterinary Research is a Governmental research institute under the Ministry of Family and Consumer Affairs.
Mission: To promote safe and healthy food; To promote healthy food habits and to prevent food related diseases in humans;
To prevent and control infectious diseases in livestock, and to promote production that secures health and welfare of the
animals; and to form part of the contingency plan on food safety and animal health of the Danish Ministry of Food,
Agriculture and Fisheries.
SPHERE : Strengthening public health research in Europe. Country profiles, 2007.                                         1
The advisory and funding system for research and innovation Danish Agency for Science, Technology and Innovation
Referred by ministry as funder of PHR.
The objective of the Danish Agency for Science, Technology and Innovation is to promote research and innovation of high
international standard for the benefit of the development of Danish society – financially, culturally and socially. The
Agency’s activities deal with public research funding; researcher mobility; dialogue on priorities in research and
technology initiatives; regionalisation of research and innovation; commercialisation of research; interaction between
knowledge institutions and the business community; innovation policy; EU research policy, research dissemination;
improved ICT in Danish business and industry. The Danish Agency for Research, Technology and Innovation performs
secretariat functions for a number of independent councils: the Board of the Danish Councils for Independent Research
and the associated scientific research councils; the Board of the Danish Council for Strategic Research and the associated
programme commissions and committees; the Danish Research Coordination Committee and the associated Danish
Research Training Committee; the Danish Committees on Scientific Dishonesty; the Danish Council for Technology and
Innovation and the Danish Research Policy Council.

Danish Research Coordination Committee
Referred by ministry as having an advisory role in PHR priorities definition.
The main task is to ensure coordination between all government research funding, whether the funding is allocated at the
institutions or under the auspices of public foundations. The Committee provides advice to the Danish Minister of Science,
Technology and Innovation as well as the Danish Parliament and the Government on research training. Private and public
institutions may also receive advice on research training.

Danish Councils for Independent Research
Referred by ministry as having an advisory role in PHR priorities definition.
The Councils for Independent Research provide support to Danish research based on the initiatives – both single-discipline
and cross-discipline – of researchers themselves. Funding is allocated on the basis of applications e.g. research networks,
research teams, grants, international collaborative programmes and researcher training programmes. The Councils also
provide scientific research advice in all scientific fields for the Danish Minister of Science, Technology and Innovation, the
Danish Parliament and the Danish Government.

Danish Council for Strategic Research
Referred by ministry as having an advisory role in PHR priorities definition.
The Danish Council for Strategic Research supports research in politically prioritised research areas and contributes to
strengthening interactions between public and private research. Furthermore, the Council seeks out new research trends
and provides professional research advice to the Minister. Private and public institutions can also receive professional
research advice. The Board does not allocate funding. For the implementation of programme funding, the Board either
appoints programme commissioners or, according to previous agreement, leaves this task to the discretion of the Danish
Councils for Independent Research. It is also responsible for approving the allocation procedures and conducting a
professional assessment of the incoming applications, in connection with the allocation of government research funds by
the individual ministers.

Danish Research Policy Council
Referred by ministry as having an advisory role in PHR priorities definition.
The council advises the Minister for Science, Technology and Innovation in matters concerning research policy – including
the framework of research, the major national and international research initiatives, and the development of national
research strategies. The Parliament and other ministers may also ask the council’s advice. Advice may be given upon
request or on the council’s own initiative.
SPHERE : Strengthening public health research in Europe. Country profiles, 2007.                                            2

1.4     Other Organisations Involved in Supporting Public Health Research

1.5    Relevant National Documents
Healthy throughout life – the targets and strategies for public health policy of the government of Denmark, 2002 – 2010
Ministry of Interior and Health, 2003

1.6     Ministerial Priorities in Public Health Research
Both Ministries in Denmark are currently prioritising interdisciplinary research programmes on the correlation between
food, nutrition and health.

SPHERE : Strengthening public health research in Europe. Country profiles, 2007.                                          3
2.0      Public Health Research Publications

Two types of literature reviews were undertaken to count publications of original research. First, a bibliometric filter was
designed and an ‘overview’ of public health research publications was made by searching for all ‘public health’ articles
published between 1st January 1995 and 31st December 2004. Second, specialist public health topics were searched for
that had been published between 1st July 1995 and 30th June 2005, (for genetic epidemiology, the period 1st January 1987
- 31st December 2004). The topic reviews used different inclusion criteria and therefore do not sum to the ‘total’
publications. The results were divided into country by affiliation of the corresponding author, and also assessed in relation
to the country’s total population. More details can be found in European Journal Public Health Volume 17, Supplement 1,
pages 1-49.

                                              No. Papers    % Europe              Papers Per Million Population
                                              Denmark       Denmark        Denmark            Europe
                                                                                              Europe comparison
                                                                                         Max          Ave       Min
          Overview                              2206           3.2          413.1         707         175        4
          Environmental Health                   334           5.3           62.5          89          19        0
          Genetic Epidemiology                    32           5.2            6            11           1        0
          Health Management                        0            0             0             1           0        0
          Health Promotion                       286           4.2           53.6          70          20        1
          Health Services and Systems            753           2.3           141          392          96        3
          Infectious Disease                     699           3.3          130.9         233          62        5

3.0      National Public Health Associations

This information was collected through a survey of senior representatives of European Public Health Association member
organisations (the National Public Health Associations). The questionnaire focused on four areas of public health research,
asking about: funding, organisation, dissemination and priorities. There were 23 responses from national representatives.
If the table below is blank, no response was received.

   Funders of Public Health Research
   Commissioners of Research Projects
   Annual Budget (€) National
   Major Barriers to Research
   National Database of Research
   Findings in PH
   Examples of translation of research
   into practice
   Dissemination strategy of National
   Public Health Society
   Ratings of the activities of National PH
   society influencing practice
   National Public Health Priorities
   International Public Health Priorities
   Future Research Priorities

SPHERE : Strengthening public health research in Europe. Country profiles, 2007.                                           4
4.0      Citizen Organisations

This questionnaire was distributed to European citizen organisations who are members of the European Public Health
Alliance. Questions were asked on their purpose and experience, funding, partners, and priorities for public health
research. Responses were received from 80 countries (including some EPHA member non-EU countries). The table below
presents responses from citizen organisations in each country.

   Purpose /Experience           Funding                      Partner                     Public Health Research Needs
                          Y/N                           Y/N                        Y/N
   (No replies)                  Aware FP6                    Region/national             Regional /
                                                              public health               national
                                                              research work               priorities
   Experience                    Participate                  International               International
   International work            International EU             public health               priorities
                                 program                      research work
   International public          Other International
   health research work          public health

5.0      Training Institutions

Universities and institutions offering public health training in Europe were invited to participate in the project. They were
identified by a search of listings including Associations of schools of public health in the European Region, and internet
searches. The survey included information on sources of income, staff and students, number of publications and amount of
research grants. There were 116 universities and institutions invited to participate and 32 responses. The table below
shows replies by country.

   Institution Name             Income                   Staff and Students        Publications            Research Grant
                                (Percentage)              Number)
                                                         (Number)                   Number)
                                                                                   (Number)                (000’s
                                                                                                           (000’s Euros)
   University Southern          Government        100    Staff Total          7    Journal                 Research Grant
   Denmark                      Fees                     Phd / Masters        22   Report Ministry         Consultancy
                                Research Grant           Bachelors            46   Other                   Other
                                Other                    Post grad diploma

SPHERE : Strengthening public health research in Europe. Country profiles, 2007.                                            5

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