NURS 501 Fall 2006

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					Library Session NURS 501
Rachael Clemens
•   Library Overview (Brochure)
•   Nursing Literature >> Concept Analysis
•   Database Instruction (CINAHL handout)
•   Obtaining Material (SFX handout)
•   RefWorks (RefWorks handout)
•   Citing Your Sources (APA handout)
•   For Additional Reference Help
 Library Guide for Nursing
• You will select a concept for potential
  development as a research idea
• You will analyze the concept using the
  method described by Walker and Avant
• Craft a scholarly paper, 7-8 pages

                            Concept Analysis Paper
  Peer Reviewed / Scholarly         Non-Peer Reviewed
        Publications                   Publications

Journal articles (research studies, More “magazine” or
   What is
clinical, lit reviews) Scholarly Literature?
                                    newspaper format

Articles are reviewed by       Articles are not subject to such
experts in the field           in-depth review process

Geared toward the researcher Trade: written by practitioners
                             for practitioners

Articles typically include a   Popular: written for the
reference list                 consumer – not the expert
Example of a Scholarly Journal
Examples of Non Peer Reviewed
Nursing Trade Publications
   –Written by practitioners for
   –Focus is on the particular
   industry or profession
Popular Magazines
   –Typically written for the
   consumer / layperson
   –Don’t maintain a panel/jury of
   experts to review submitted

Most Websites
Ulrich’s Periodicals Directory
• Find out if a periodical is peer-reviewed /
• Databases A-Z >> Ulrich’s
Articles in Scholarly Journals
• Research
• Clinical / Best Practice
• Literature Review

• Research Articles
  – Authors construct & execute a study
  – Empirical, quantitative, qualitative
  – Easily identifiable in the abstract
    •   Purpose/Objective/Aim of the study
    •   Review of the related literature
    •   Research methodology
    •   Data collection
    •   Conclusions
• Clinical / Best Practices Articles
  – Presents information for the professional clinician
  – May provide an overview of an issue or condition
  – May discuss assessment or interventions to enhance
    clinical practice
  – Some case studies
  – Procedures
  – “This is how we did it…”
• Literature Reviews
  – Review (synthesizes results/conclusions of 2
    or more articles on a given topic)
  – Systematic Review (attempts to identify and
    synthesize all the literature on a given topic)
  – Meta-analysis (statistical technique for
    assembling the results of several studies in a
    review into a single numerical estimate)
                 Relates to Evidence Based Medicine
                      Find in Cochrane Library
Concept Analysis
1.   Select a concept
2.   Determine the aims or purposes of analysis
3.   Identify all uses of the concept that you can discover
4.   Determine the defining attributes
5.   Identify a model case
6.   Identify borderline, related, contrary, invented, and
     illegitimate cases
7.   Identify antecedents and consequences
8.   Define empirical referents

                             Look at sample concept analysis articles
Identifying Uses of the Concept
• Oxford English Dictionary (OED)
  – Traces meaning, history and usage of words
  – print & online through A-Z list of databases
• Gale Virtual Reference Library
  – Collection of encyclopedias and handbooks
  – Available online through the A-Z list of databases
• Library Catalog for additional dictionaries and
Database Instruction
1.   Academic Search Elite
2.   Cinahl
3.   Health Source: Nursing Academic
4.   PsycINFO
5.   PubMed
6.   Cochrane Library
Pollak Library Website
Sample Search
• “Concept* analysis” AND nursing
• “Concept* analysis” AND vulnerable

  – This will bring back articles with the phrase concept
    analysis or conceptual analysis and the term nursing
    somewhere in the article title, abstract or subject
  – Limit your search to Peer-Review
1. Search several databases
  •   Use keywords & subject headings
  •   Limit to scholarly / peer-reviewed
2. If full-text not immediately available, use
   SFX to track down article
3. May need to request material not owned
   by Pollak Library through ILLiad
Citing Your Sources
• What?
  – Tell your reader what information resources you used
    to help develop your thoughts and construct your
• Why?
  – To back up your claims with documentation –
    strengthens your argument or points
  – To indicate where you got your information so that
    other people can follow-up
  – To give credit to the original author(s)
  – To avoid plagiarism
Citing Your Sources
• APA Style
  – From the American Psychological Association
  – You will need to create a reference list and
    use parenthetical references within the text
    of your paper (2 separate but related actions)
  – Difference between “quoting” verbatim
    (requires quotation marks) and giving credit for
    the general gist of a thought
Elements of a Reference
• Article
   –   Author
   –   Year of publication
   –   Title of article
   –   Title of journal
   –   Volume (also include issue number if journal is paginated by issue)
   –   Page numbers
• Website
   –   Author or responsible entity
   –   Date of creation or modification
   –   Title of webpage
   –   Title/Name of overarching website if not clear in title of webpage
   –   Webpage address
   –   Date you accessed this resource
Reference List Entry - Article
Author, A. A. (Year of Publication). Title of article: Subtitle of
  article. Magazine/Journal Title, Volume number (issue
  number if each issue begins on page 1), pages.

  Clemens, R. G. (2003). Delivery library services to
     distance students: A case study. Reference
     Services Review, 54, 32-44.
Reference List Tips
• References should appear in hanging indent
  form; first line at the left margin, each succeeding
  line of a reference entry is indented.
• In titles of books, articles, films, and broadcasts
  capitalize only the first word of the title, the first
  word after a colon or dash, and proper nouns.
• In periodical titles capitalize all major words and
  all words of four letters or more.
• Periodical titles should be in italic.
Parenthetical Reference Tips
• If you are citing a work by a single author, use the
  surname (do not include suffixes such as Jr.) and the
  year of publication separated by a comma in
   – In a recent study of reaction time (Rogers, 1994) …

• If you have just stated the author's name in the text,
  put the year of publication only in parentheses:
   – Peplau (1985) defines loneliness as a difference between desired
     and achieved social relationships.
Need Additional Help?
• Reference Desk – 1st floor North
• Ask A Librarian – from the library website
  – Reference Hotline (714.278.3284)
  – Email Questions
  – Online Chat Reference - available 24/7
  – Rachael (714.278.7543)

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