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					       Management of Technical Cooperation
               for Development
Objective                                                 NLO Working Group
                                                             The National Liaison Officer (NLO) is the
To contribute to sustainable and significant social and    principal interlocutor between the Secretariat and
economic benefits in Member States and their increased     governments regarding the technical cooperation
self-reliance in the application of nuclear techniques.   programme. Following a recommendation of the
                                                          Standing Advisory Group on Technical Assistance
                                                          and Cooperation (SAGTAC), guidelines have
                                                          been dra ed for Member States on the roles and
Further Strengthening of the                              responsibilities of NLOs. These guidelines are
Technical Cooperation Programme                           intended to improve the quality of communication
                                                          between stakeholders and the Secretariat, and
   One of the major tasks of the Agency in 2006 was       contribute to the smooth delivery of the technical
the design of the technical cooperation programme         cooperation programme.
for the 2007–2008 cycle, which was approved by
the Board of Governors in November. This task was      Framework for Regional Programming
realized in parallel with the ongoing implementation      In recognition of the importance of regional pro-
of the programme and the development of                grammes, and following recommendations from
new         programme                                                               SAGTAC,         working
management         tools.                                                           groups were estab-
Another       important             “For the first time, the technical               lished      to   review
milestone in 2006 was                                                               regional programming
                                 cooperation programme was designed
the    agreement       by                                                           from the strategic, oper-
Member States on a                using the PCMF, a new approach to                 ational and manage-
target of $80 million            managing the programme supported                   ment perspectives. The
per year in the coming                  by a web based platform.”                   groups recommended
biennium      for     the                                                           the development of
Technical Cooperation                                                               strategies,    reflecting
Fund (TCF).                                            the needs, interests and priorities of Member States
                                                       in each region, to provide direction in line with the
Programme Cycle Management Framework                   Technical Cooperation Strategy.
   For the first time, the technical cooperation           Gender Policy
programme was designed using the PCMF, a new                 Agency efforts to develop a policy that promotes
approach to managing the programme supported              gender considerations in all of its programme
by a web based platform. The screening and design         work has been accompanied by an initiative, in
of projects was accomplished in a transparent and         cooperation with the Vienna based Permanent
interactive manner, with Member States made aware         Missions, to identify actions designed to a ract more
of the details of their national programmes that          well qualified women as candidates for recruitment
would be discussed with the Secretariat at the time       in the Professional and higher categories. In
of the General Conference.                                addition, within the technical cooperation
                                                          programme, a provisional gender policy and
Country Programme Frameworks                              action plan were established aimed at highlighting
   The Secretariat assisted Member States in              gender considerations in the development and
the preparation of their Country Programme                implementation of the programme.
Frameworks (CPFs) following the release of the new
CPF guidelines. Altogether, 100 CPFs have been            Financial highlights
prepared: 78 have been signed by Member States               The technical cooperation programme is growing
and the Agency, while 22 are still in the dra stage.      rapidly, with new obligations in 2006 totalling

Management of Technical Cooperation                                                                       73

                                                                            89.8       90.1

                                       8 1. 3


                           2000         2001        2002        2003        2004         2005        2006

                                  FIG. 1. Rate of attainment of the TCF between 2000 and 2006.

$105 million, compared with $80 million in 2005.                   April 2006, provided information on the Agency’s
This growth reflects increasing Member State                        nuclear security activities, as well as the relevant
support, through both the TCF and extrabudgetary                   international nuclear security instruments, with
contributions. In 2006, extrabudgetary contributions               the aim of establishing a pool of nuclear legal
climbed to nearly $22.5 million, compared with                     experts available for the Agency’s nuclear security
$15 million for 2005. Of this amount, government                   advisory, evaluation and response missions and
cost sharing also showed significant growth, from                   reviews. At a workshop held in October, diplomats
over $5 million in 2005 to more than $9.4 million in               were given an introduction to nuclear law that
2006. Finally, the rate of a ainment (i.e. Member State            included presentations on international law for
payments towards the TCF target), which exceeded                   nuclear safety and security, and safeguards and non-
90% for the 2005 target, reached 93% for 2006 (Fig. 1).            proliferation, as well as an overview of the Agency’s
                                                                   legislative assistance programme in these areas. A
                                                                   meeting for senior government officials from the
Legislative Assistance to                                          Asia–Pacific region was held in November in Kuala
Member States                                                      Lumpur. Among other things, the meeting provided
                                                                   information on the international instruments dealing
   During 2006, the Agency provided assistance to                  with nuclear safety, security and safeguards, including
12 Member States through wri en comments and                       recent developments in these areas. And a seminar
advice in dra ing national nuclear legislation. In                 for the African region, held in December in Vienna
addition, at the request of Member States, individual              facilitated an in-depth self-assessment of the national
training on issues related to nuclear legislation, was             nuclear legislation of the participating Member States.
also provided to 17 fellows. As a new initiative to                   A new IAEA International Law Series was
provide further legislative assistance to Member                   established in 2006. The first two publications in this
States in Africa, a fellowship programme was                       series bring together in a more convenient format
established in 2006 for individuals from these States              the official records and other relevant documents
to receive training at the Agency in order to acquire              relating to the negotiations of the Joint Convention
experience in international nuclear law.                           on the Safety of Spent Fuel Management and on
   A number of training courses and workshops were                 the Safety of Radioactive Waste Management and
held during the year on nuclear law and legislation.               the Amendment to the Convention on the Physical
For example, a training course for lawyers, held in                Protection of Nuclear Material.                       ■

74                                                                                                 Annual Report 2006

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