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Holocaust Teaching the Holocaust It’s Not Just the

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Holocaust Teaching the Holocaust It’s Not Just the Powered By Docstoc
					    Teaching the
     Holocaust
It’s Not Just the ANNe FrANk story
Teaching of Historical Fiction
•   Characters
•   A problem to solve
•   Description
•   Setting
•   Plot
•   Dialogue
Characters
• All may be fictional
• Some may be real and
  others fictional
• Behave in realistic ways
Problem to be Solved
• The conflict or dilemma
  must be realistic for that
  time period.
• The characters are
  involved in the conflict or
  the dilemma.
• Realism is the key.
Description
• Most descriptions are vivid
  and include places,
  people, and events that
  happened during that time
  period.
• Most authors explain parts
  of history that might not be
  well known by the reader.
Setting
• This has to be in a real
  historical place and time.
Plot
• Believability in the plot is
  essential.
• Events have to make
  sense.
• Must end with a real
  solution
• The author mixes real
  events with fictional
  events.
Dialogue
• Words show the
  character’s personality
  and move the plot
• Text reflects the time
  period in which it is written
  (i.e. customs, thought
  process, knowledge)
Why should you teach Holocaust
literature?
• Historical accuracy of the
  time period
• Nonfiction and fictional
  literature abound in many
  different genres that focus
  on this topic
• Lessons that are cross-
  curricular in nature
• Making sure that history
  doesn’t repeat itself
What reading strategies can be used
in teaching Holocaust literature?

 • Personal connection
 • Questioning
 • Sequencing
 • Fluency
Personal Connections
• Help your students
  understand how they are
  like the children of the
  Holocaust.
  –   Just Like Me chart
  –   White Line test
  –   ____________ and Me report
  –   ½ and ½ poster
Questioning
• Students need to learn
  how to question while they
  read.
  –   What? So what? Now what?
  –   Interview Me
  –   Choiceless Choices!
  –   Point Me in the Right
      Direction
Sequencing
• Knowing when something
  takes place in a story is
  important in order for
  comprehension to take
  place.
  – Time Line
  – Plot Diagram
  – Multiple Timeline
Fluency
• Being able to read with expression helps
  your students with fluency as well as
  helping them comprehend the author’s
  story.
   – Book Talk
       • Use Photo Story to create book talks
         about the book.
   – Skits
       • Create a skit and perform it in class.
   – Plays
       • Use plays like the one in Hana’s Suitcase
         or The Diary of Anne Frank to create a
         readers theater or a play cutting for the
         class.
Nonfiction Texts
• Six Million Paper Clips: The Making of a
  Children’s Holocaust Memorial by
  Peter W. Schroeder and Dagmar
  Schroeder-Hildebrand
• i will plant you a lilac tree by Laura
  Hillman
• The Diary of a Young Girl by Anne
  Frank
• Fireflies in the Dark: The Story of Friedl
  Dicker Brandeis and the Children of
  Terezin by Susan Goldman Rubin
• Hana’s Suitcase by Karen Levine (Play
  by Emil Sher)
Historical Fiction Texts
• If I should die before I
  wake by Han Nolan
• Number the Stars by Lois
  Lowry
• Summer of My German
  Soldier by Bette Greene
• Briar Rose by Jane Yolen
• For Freedom: The Story of
  a French Spy by Kimberly
  Brubaker Bradley
Fiction vs. Nonfiction Texts
• If I Die Before I Wake vs. i
  will plant you a lilac tree

• Briar Rose vs. “Fairy Tales

• Summer of My German
  Soldier vs. The Diary of
  Anne Frank
Using Booktalks
• Start each day with a
  booktalk
  – This can be done using
    yourself as the presenter or a
    person who knows a lot
    about that time period.
  – This can be done using multi-
    media presentations.
  – This can be done asking
    students to present booktalks
    on literature they have read.
Pictures Speak Louder Than Words
• Choose pictures
  from the
  Holocaust and
  World War II.
• Have students
  create stories as
  if they were a
  Jew, German,
  etc. who lived
  during that time
  period.
• Have them
  make a movie
  sharing those
  thoughts.
Compare to War Literature of Today
 • Zlata’s Diary
    –   Compare passages
    –   Compare situations
    –   Compare thoughts
    –   Compare reactions to the war
Primary Sources
• Use primary sources from
  sites like
  – United State Holocaust
    Museum
  – Museum of Tolerance
  – Jewish Virtual Library
  – Archives
 Holocaust Resources
• DVD and VHS
  –   Freedom Writers
  –   Paper Clips
  –   Schindler’s List
  –   Anne Frank
• Echoes and Reflections: A
  Multimedia Curriculum on
  the Holocaust
• One Survivor Remembers
  by Teaching Tolerance
Other Historical Fiction &
Nonfiction Texts
• Out of the Dust – Great
  Depression
• Witness - The KKK
• Rosa Parks: My Story – Civil
  Rights Movement
• Nelson Mandela – South
  Africa
• With Their Eyes – Terrorism
  on 9-11
More Historical Fiction & Nonfiction
Texts
• We Shall Not be Moved
• The Story of Ruby Bridges
• Orphan Train Riders
• Promises to Keep – Jackie
  Robinson
• I Am an American
• Amelia & Eleanor Go For a
  Ride
Project Ideas
•   Interview Poem
•   Words I Remember
•   Artifact Show and Tell
•   Learning Poster
•   Letter Report
•   Magazine Biography
•   Mural Report
•   Flip and Tell Report
•   Photo Story Report
Internet Resources
•   www.archives.gov
•   www.holocaustsurvivors.org
•   www.ushmm.org
•   www.us-israel.org
•   www.auschwitz.dk/schindler2.htm
•   www.oncampus.richmond.edu/academics/education/projects
    /webquests/greatdepression
•   www.eduplace.com/graphicorganizers/index.html
•   www.weisenthal.com
•   www.museumoftolerance.com
•   www.laurahillman.com
•   www.usd266.com/webquest/hannel/
•   www.oskarschindler.com/list.htm
•   www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org
•   www.graceproducts.com/fmnc/main.htm
•   www.shamash.org
•   www.humboldt.edu/~rescuers/index.html
•   www.education-world.com/a_lesson/00-2/lp2015.shtml
•   www.education-world.com/a_lesson/00-2/lp2022.shtml
•   www.remember.org/educate/lessonplan.html
•   www.cyberlearning-world.com
•   www.webtech.kennesaw.edu/jcheek3/holocaust.htm
•   www.ettc.net/contest01/ferguson/page5.html
Visit my web
• http://bk011.k12.sd.us
• You can get any of the
  materials show here today
  on that site.
• Thanks for coming and
  enjoy teaching the
  Holocaust through
  literature to your students.

				
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posted:2/15/2012
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