Enterprise Surveys http://www.enterprisesurveys.org Questions? Email firstname.lastname@example.org Literature - Last Updated January 4, 2012 This excel sheet lists research using Enterprise Survey data, and other firm level survey data collected by the World Bank. Efforts have been made to include as many papers as possible. updated Paper Type Authors S.No. Date Book/Working Paper/Article Last name First name other authors 1 5/11/2010 Journal Amin Mohammad - 2 5/11/2010 Journal Amin Mohammad - 3 5/11/2010 Journal Amin Mohammad - 4 5/11/2010 Journal Amin Mohammad - 5 5/11/2010 Journal Safavian Mehnaz Siddharth Sharma 6 5/11/2010 Mimeograph Amin Mohammad - 7 5/11/2010 Mimeograph Amin Mohammad - 8 5/11/2010 Mimeograph Amin Mohammad - 9 5/11/2010 Working Paper Amin Mohammad - 10 5/11/2010 Working Paper Amin Mohammad - 11 5/11/2010 Working Paper Amin Mohammad - 12 5/11/2010 Working Paper Francisco Manuela Nicola Pontara 13 5/11/2010 Working Paper Gonzalez Alvaro J. Ernesto Lopez-Cordova and Elio E.Valladare 14 5/11/2010 Working Paper Safavian Mehnaz Joshua Wimpey 15 5/11/2010 Working Paper Seker Murat - 16 5/11/2010 Working Paper Sharma Siddharth - 17 5/17/2010 Journal Almeida Rita Pedro Carneiro 18 5/17/2010 Journal Kaplan David S. - 19 5/17/2010 Working Paper Aghion Philippe Wendy Carlin and Mark E. Schaffer 20 5/17/2010 Working Paper Datta Saugato - 21 5/19/2010 Journal Aidis Ruta Yuko Adachi 22 5/20/2010 Working Paper Gatti Roberta Maddalena Honorati 23 6/17/2010 Journal Angelini Paolo Andrea Generale 24 6/17/2010 Working Paper Andvig Jens Christopher - 25 6/21/2010 Journal Gelb Alan Vijaya Ramachandran, Ginger Turner 26 6/21/2010 Journal Brown David John S Earle, Scott Gehlbach 27 6/21/2010 Journal Treisman Daniel - 28 6/21/2010 Journal Yasar Mahmut Catherine J. Morrison Paul 29 6/21/2010 Article Seker Murat - 30 6/21/2010 Journal Arnold Jens Matthais Aaditya Mattoo, Gaia Narciso 31 6/21/2010 Journal Demirguc-KuntAsli Inessa Love, Vojislav Maksimovic 32 6/21/2010 Journal Bhaumik Sumon Kumar Saul Estrin 33 6/21/2010 Journal Bwalya Samuel Mulenga - 34 6/21/2010 Journal Dabla-Norris Era Mark Gradstein, Gabriela Inchauste 35 6/21/2010 Journal Dong Xiao-Yuan Liqin Zhang 36 6/21/2010 Journal Fisman Raymond Jakob Svensson 37 6/21/2010 Journal Straub Stephane - 38 6/21/2010 Journal Edwards Lawrence Neil Rankin, Volker Schöer 39 6/21/2010 Journal Kenny Charles - 40 6/21/2010 Journal Ramachandran Vijaya Manju Kedia Shah 41 6/21/2010 Journal Brown Martin Julio Tappelli, Marco Pagano 42 6/21/2010 Journal Fafchamps Marcel Måns Söderbom 43 6/21/2010 Journal Beck Thorsten Asli Demirguc-Kunt, Luc Laeven, Vojislav Mak 44 6/21/2010 Journal Beck Thorsten Asli Demirguc-Kunt, Vojislav Maksimovic 45 6/21/2010 Journal Bitzenis Aristidis Ersanja Nito 46 6/21/2010 Journal Svensson Jakob - 47 6/21/2010 Journal Zhang Liqin Xiao-Yuan Dong 48 6/21/2010 Journal Bigsten Arne Måns Söderbom 49 6/21/2010 Working Paper Seker Murat - 50 6/28/2010 Journal Bartha James R. Chen Lin; Ping Lin; Frank M. Song 51 6/28/2010 Journal Beck Thorsten Asli Demirguc-Kunt, and Vojislav Maksimovic 52 6/28/2010 Journal Cull Robert Lixin Colin Xu 53 6/28/2010 Working Paper Dollar David Shang-Jin Wei 54 6/28/2010 Working Paper Cai Hongbin Hanming Fang, Lixin Colin Xu. 55 6/28/2010 Working Paper Brambilla Irene - 56 6/28/2010 Working Paper Fernandes Ana M Ariel Pakes 57 6/29/2010 Journal Almeida Rita Ana Margarida Fernandes 58 6/29/2010 Journal Dasgupta Susmita Hettige, Hemamala; Wheeler, David 59 6/29/2010 Journal Gauthier Bernard Isidro Soloaga, James Tybout 60 6/29/2010 Journal Maksimovic Vojislav Meghana Ayyagari, Asli Demirguc-Kunt 61 6/29/2010 Working Paper Hellman Joel S. Geraint Jones, Daniel Kaufman, Mark Schanke 62 6/29/2010 Working Paper Kaufmann Daniel Aart Kraay, Pablo Zoido-Lobaton 63 6/29/2010 Working Paper Kaufmann Daniel Aart Kraay, Massimo Mastruzzi 64 6/29/2010 Working Paper Kaufmann Daniel Aart Kraay, and Massimo Mastruzzi 65 6/29/2010 Working Paper Ayyagari Meghana Demirguc-Kunt, Asli; Maksimovic, Vojislav 66 6/29/2010 Working Paper Correa Paulo Guilherme Mariam Dayoub, and Manuela Francisco 67 6/29/2010 Working Paper Kenny Charles - 68 6/29/2010 Working Paper Gonzalez Alvaro Francesca Lamanna 69 6/29/2010 Working Paper Kaufmann Daniel Aart Kraay, Massimo Mastruzzi 70 6/29/2010 Working Paper Subramanian Uma William P. Anderson, Kihoon Lee 71 6/29/2010 Working Paper Brunetti Aymo Kisunko, Gregory; Weder, Beatrice 72 6/29/2010 Working Paper Clarke George R.G. - 73 6/29/2010 Working Paper Djankov Simeon - 74 6/29/2010 Working Paper Dollar David - 75 6/29/2010 Working Paper Dollar David - 76 6/29/2010 Working Paper Elbadawi Ibrahim Mengistae, Taye; Zeufack, Albert 77 6/29/2010 Working Paper Estache Antonio Iimi, Atsushi 78 6/29/2010 Working Paper Foster Vivien Steinbuks, Jevgenijs 79 6/29/2010 Working Paper Fox Louise Ana Maria Oviedo 80 6/29/2010 Working Paper Mary Hallward-Driemeier - 81 6/29/2010 Working Paper Mary Hallward-Driemeier - 82 6/29/2010 Journal Deininger Klaus Paul Mpuga 83 7/13/2010 Journal Dong Xiao-Yuan Lixin Colin Xu 84 7/13/2010 Journal Feng Tianli Runtian Jing, Gaoliang Zhang 85 7/13/2010 Journal Svensson Jakob - 86 7/13/2010 Journal Biesebroeck Johannes Van - 87 7/13/2010 Journal Chong Alberto Mark Gradstein 88 7/13/2010 Journal Raiser Martin Alan Rousso, Frank Steves, Utku Teksoz 89 7/13/2010 Journal Beck Thorsten Asli Demirguc-Kunt, and Ross Levine 90 7/13/2010 Journal Clarke George Lixin Colin Xu 91 7/13/2010 Journal Knack Stephen - 92 7/13/2010 Journal Leeson Peter T. William N. Trumbull 93 7/13/2010 Journal Apaza Carmen R. - 94 7/13/2010 Journal Campos Nauro F. Francesco Giovannoni 95 7/13/2010 Journal Saliolaa Federica Antonello Zanfei 96 7/13/2010 Journal Asiedu Elizabeth J. Freeman 97 7/13/2010 Journal Maksimovic Vojislav Meghana Ayyagari, and Asli Demirguc-Kunt 98 7/13/2010 Journal Goedhuys Micheline Leo Sleuwaegen 99 7/13/2010 Journal White Simon - 100 7/13/2010 Mimeograph Brown Martin Maria Clara Rueda Maurer 101 7/13/2010 Journal Vagliasindi Maria Izzet Guney, and ChrisTaubman 102 7/13/2010 Working Paper Page John - 103 7/13/2010 Journal Goedhuys Micheline Norbert Janz, and Pierre Mohnen 104 7/13/2010 Journal Dao Minh Quang - 105 7/13/2010 Journal Beck Thorsten Asli Demirguc-Kunt and Vojislav Maksimovic 106 7/13/2010 Journal Javorcik Beata S. Mariana Spatareanu 107 7/13/2010 Journal Javorcik Beata S. - 108 7/13/2010 Journal Rutkowski iAlexsander - 109 7/13/2010 Journal Wignaraja Ganeshan - 110 7/13/2010 Working Paper Escribano Alvaro J. Luis Guasch, Manuel de Orte, Jorge Pena 111 7/13/2010 Journal Lee Kyu Sik Alex Anas, Gi-Taik Oh 112 7/13/2010 Journal Kenny Charles - 113 7/13/2010 Journal Vagliasindi Maria - 114 7/13/2010 Working Paper Aidis Ruta Tomasz Mickiewicz 115 8/5/2010 Journal Cullen John B. Kelly D. Martin, Jean L. Johnson, K. Praveen Pa 116 8/5/2010 Journal Javorcik Beata Smarzynska- 117 8/5/2010 Journal Gehlbach Scott - 118 8/5/2010 Journal Beck Thorsten Asli Demiriguc-Kunt 119 8/5/2010 Journal Fernandes Anna M. Pablo Fajnzylber 120 8/6/2010 Journal Hu Yifan C. Simon Fan 121 8/6/2010 Journal Lee Seung-Hyun Kyeungrae Kenny Oh 122 8/6/2010 Journal Chatterjee Ishita Ranjan Ray 123 8/6/2010 Book Bakanova M. L. Freinkman 124 8/6/2010 Book Batra Geeta Daniel Kaufmann, and Andrew H. W. Stone 125 8/11/2010 Book Clarke George R.G. - 126 8/11/2010 Book Fajnzylber Pablo J. Humberto Lopez, and Jose Luis Guasch 127 8/11/2010 Book Ferrari A IS Dhingra 128 8/11/2010 Book Kumar Anjali - 129 8/11/2010 Book Kumar Anjali Manuela Francisco 130 8/11/2010 Book Litan Robert E. Michael Pomerleano, Vasudevan Sundararaja 131 8/11/2010 Book Mitra Pradeep Patrick Lumumba Osewe 132 8/11/2010 Book Ndulu Benno J. Lopamudra Chakraborti; Lebohang Lijane; Vi 133 8/11/2010 Book Pomfret Richard W. T. - 134 8/11/2010 Book Rutkowski Jan J., Stefano Scarpetta, Arup Banerji 135 8/11/2010 Book Alam Asad Paloma Anos Casero, Faruk Khan 136 8/11/2010 Book Aidis Ruta Friederike Welter 137 8/11/2010 Book Nee Vicor Sonja Opper 138 8/11/2010 Book Mazaheri Ata Dipak Mazumdar 139 8/11/2010 Book chapter Svensson Jakob - 140 8/11/2010 Book chapter Cepiku Denita - 141 8/11/2010 Working Paper Desai Raj Anders Olofsgard 142 8/11/2010 Journal Pietrobelli Carlo Federica Saliola 143 8/11/2010 Journal Huang Yasheng - 144 8/11/2010 Journal Cokgezen Murat - 145 8/11/2010 Working Paper Zhuravskaya Ekaterina V. Irina Slinko, Evgeny Yakovlev 146 8/11/2010 Working Paper Carlin Wendy Mark E. Schaffer, Paul Seabright 147 8/11/2010 Journal Iwasaki Ichiro Taku Suzuki 148 8/24/2010 Working Paper Dollar David Shuilin Wang, Lixin Colin Xu 149 8/24/2010 Working Paper Dollar David Shuilin Wang, Lixin Colin Xu 150 8/24/2010 Journal Spechler Martin C. - 151 8/24/2010 Journal Kenyon Thomas Megumi Naoi 152 8/24/2010 Trade Publication Love Inessa Nataliya Mylenko 153 8/24/2010 Journal Frazer Garth - 154 8/24/2010 Journal biesebroeck johannes van - 155 8/24/2010 Journal Clarke George R.G. Scott J. Wallsten 156 8/24/2010 Journal Hericourt Jerome Sandra Poncet 157 8/30/2010 Journal Gehlbach Scott - 158 8/30/2010 Journal Desbordes Rodolphe Julien Vauday 159 8/30/2010 Journal Soderbom Mans Francis Teal, Anthony Wambugu 160 8/30/2010 Journal Amin Mohammad - 161 8/30/2010 Journal Pierre Gaëlle Stefano Scarpetta 162 8/30/2010 Journal Bignebat Céline Fabian Gouret 163 8/30/2010 Journal Mary Hallward-Driemeier Scott Wallsten, Lixin Colin Xu 164 8/30/2010 Journal Dong Xiao-Yuan Lixin Colin Xu 165 8/30/2010 Journal Dong Xiao-Yuan Lixin Colin Xu, Scott Wallsten 166 8/30/2010 Journal Desai Raj M. Anders Olofsgard 167 8/30/2010 Journal Gatti Roberta Inessa Love 168 8/30/2010 Journal Katz Barbara G. Joel Owen 169 8/30/2010 Journal Hellman Joel Mark Schankerman 170 8/30/2010 Journal Rutkowski Aleksander - 171 8/30/2010 Journal Clarke George R.G. - 172 8/30/2010 Article Amin Mohammad - 173 8/30/2010 Article Kaplan David - 174 8/30/2010 Article Leino Jessica - 175 8/30/2010 Article Amin Mohammad - 176 8/30/2010 Article Ramalho Rita Jorge Rodríguez-Meza, Judy Yang 177 8/30/2010 Article Hellman Joel Daniel Kaufmann 178 8/30/2010 Journal Ivan Samson - 179 8/30/2010 Journal Kaditi Eleni Ath. - 180 8/30/2010 Journal Phillips Lauren M. - 181 8/30/2010 Journal Dabla-Norris Era Gabriela Inchauste 182 8/30/2010 Working Paper Dabla-Norris Era Junko Koeda 183 8/30/2010 Journal Amin Mohammad - 184 8/30/2010 Journal Amin Mohammad - 185 8/30/2010 Journal Huang Yasheng - 186 8/30/2010 Journal Goedhuys Micheline - 187 8/30/2010 Working Paper Falkingham Jane - 188 8/30/2010 Journal Hanson Philip - 189 8/30/2010 Book chapter Fisman Ray Roberta Gatti 190 8/30/2010 Journal Ho James K. - 191 8/30/2010 Working Paper Schaffer Mark E. Pradeep Mitra, Alexander Muravyev 192 8/30/2010 Working Paper Almeida Rita Pedro Carneiro 193 8/30/2010 Journal Gauthier Bernard Ritva Reinikka 194 8/30/2010 Journal Deninger Klaus Songqing Jin 195 8/31/2010 Journal Wignaraja Ganeshan - 196 8/31/2010 Journal Cull Robert Lance E. Davis, Naomi R. Lamoreaux, Jean-Lau 197 8/31/2010 Journal Biggs Tyler Manju Kedia Shah 198 8/31/2010 Journal Firth Michael Chen Lin, Ping Liu, Sonia M.L. Wong 199 8/31/2010 Journal Venard Bertrand Mohamed Hanafi 200 8/31/2010 Journal Muravyev Alexander Oleksandr Talavera, Dorothea Schafer 201 8/31/2010 Journal Clarke George R.G. Robert Cull, Maria Soledad Martinez Peria 202 8/31/2010 Journal Krkoska Libor Katrin Robeck 203 8/31/2010 Journal Hellman Joel S. Geraint Jones, Daniel Kaufmann 204 8/31/2010 Working Paper Honohan Patrick - 205 8/31/2010 Working Paper Honorati Maddalena Taye Mengistae 206 8/31/2010 Working Paper Rahman Aminur Quan Li, Nathan M. Jensen 207 8/31/2010 Working Paper Kaufmann Daniel Aart Kraay 208 8/31/2010 Working Paper Kaufmann Daniel Aart Kraay 209 8/31/2010 Working Paper Kaufmann Daniel Aart Kraay, Massimo Mastruzzi 210 8/31/2010 Working Paper Kaufmann Daniel Aart Kraay, Massimo Mastruzzi 211 8/31/2010 Working Paper Kaufmann Daniel Aart Kraay, Massimo Mastruzzi 212 8/31/2010 Working Paper Marie-Ange Veganzones-Varoudakis Tidiane Kinda, Patrick Plane 213 8/31/2010 Working Paper Lall Somik V. Taye Mengistae 214 8/31/2010 Working Paper Lall Somik V. Taye Mengistae 215 8/31/2010 Working Paper Subramanian Uma Matthias Matthijs 216 8/31/2010 Working Paper Mengistae Taye - 217 8/31/2010 Working Paper Straub Stephane - 218 8/31/2010 Working Paper Straub Stephane Charles Vellutini, Michael Warlters 219 8/31/2010 Working Paper Tan Hong Yevgeniya Savchenko 220 8/31/2010 Working Paper Kenny Charles Tina Soreide 221 8/31/2010 Journal Dollar David Mary Hallward-Driemeier and Taye Mengista 222 8/31/2010 Journal Jurajda Stepan Katherine Terrell 223 8/31/2010 Journal Fernandes Ana M - 224 8/31/2010 Journal Kenyon Thomas - 225 8/31/2010 Journal Ramachandran Vijaya Benn Eifert, Alan Gelb 226 8/31/2010 Journal Deininger Klaus Songqing Jin, Mona Sur 227 11/10/2010 Journal Gaviria Alejandro - 228 11/15/2010 Journal Rajabiun Reza - 229 11/15/2010 Journal Rajabiun Reza - 230 12/8/2010 Journal Chong Alberto Mark Gradstein 231 2/2/2011 Journal Dollar David Mary Hallward-Driemeier, and Taye Mengista 232 2/2/2011 Working Paper Ferro Esteban John S. Wilson 233 2/25/2011 Working Paper Mary Hallward-Driemeier Lant Pritchett 234 2/28/2011 Trade Publication - - Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Sector Unit, East Asia and Pac 235 2/28/2011 Working Paper Lindenberg Nannette Frank Westermann 236 2/28/2011 Trade Publication Investment Climate Advisory Services, World Bank Group 237 2/28/2011 Working Paper Goedhuys Micheline Martin Srholec 238 2/28/2011 Working Paper Chen Feng 239 10/23/2011 Working Paper Amin Mohammad - 240 11/14/2011 Working Paper Gennaioli Nicola Rafael La Porta, Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes, a 241 11/30/2011 Article Amin Mohammad - 242 11/30/2011 Article Amin Mohammad - 243 11/30/2011 Article Amin Mohammad - 244 11/30/2011 Article Amin Mohammad - 245 11/30/2011 Article Amin Mohammad - 246 11/30/2011 Article Amin Mohammad - 247 11/30/2011 Article Amin Mohammad - 248 11/30/2011 Article Amin Mohammad - 249 11/30/2011 Article Amin Mohammad Simeon Djankov 250 11/30/2011 Article Seker Murat - 251 11/30/2011 Article Seker Murat - 252 11/30/2011 Article Correa Paulo Mariana Iootty 253 11/30/2011 Article Correa Paulo Mariana Iootty 254 11/30/2011 Article Love Inessa Larry Chavis, Leora Klapper 255 11/30/2011 Article Klapper Leora Douglas Randall 256 11/30/2011 Article Sharma Siddharth - 257 11/30/2011 Article Jorge Rodríguez-Meza Judy Yang, Mariana Iootty, Paulo Correa, Rita 258 11/30/2011 Article Yang Judy - 259 11/30/2011 Working Paper Charles Kenny Michael Klein, Monika Sztajerowska 260 12/19/2011 Journal Djankov Simon Tim Ganser, Caralee McLiesh, Rita Ramalho, A 261 12/19/2011 Journal Beck Thorsten Asli Demirguc-Kunt, Maria Soledad Martinez P 262 12/19/2011 Journal Chavis Larry Leora F. Klapper, Inessa Love 263 12/19/2011 Working Paper Seker Murat - 264 12/19/2011 Working Paper Seker Murat Paulo Guilherme Correa 265 12/19/2011 Working Paper Seker Murat - 266 12/19/2011 Working Paper Beck Thorsten Asli Demirguc-Kunt, Dorothe Singer 267 1/4/2012 Journal Amin Mohammad - 268 1/4/2012 Journal Kaplan David S. Vikram Pathania 269 1/4/2012 Journal Fleisher Belton M. Yifan Hu, Haizheng Li, Seonghoon Kim 270 1/4/2012 Journal Ayyagari Meghana Demirguc-Kunt, Asli; Maksimovic, Vojislav; 271 1/4/2012 Journal Aterido Reyes Mary Hallward-Driemeier, Carmen Pages 272 1/4/2012 Journal Dethier Jean-Jacques Hirn, Maximilian; Straub, Stephane 273 1/4/2012 Working Paper Gelb VijayaShah, Manju KediaTurner, Ginger Alan Ramachandran Title Gender and Firm-Size: Evidence from Africa What Firms Know Helpful Governments Labor Regulation and Employment in India's Retail Stores When Do Creditor Rights Work? Home-based Informal Businesses and the Gender Dimension Crime Against Informal Businesses in Africa: Natives vs. Immigrants Who Suffers More from Crime? Competition and Labor Productivity in India's Retail Stores Obstacles to Registering: Necessity vs. Opportunity Firms Labor Productivity in the Informal Sector: Necessity vs. Opportunity Firms Does corruption impact on firms' ability to conduct business in Mauritania ? Evidence from investment climate survey data The Incidence of Graft on Developing-country Firms When do enterprises prefer informal credit? Importing, Exporting and Innovation in Developing Countries Financial development and innovation in small firms Enforcement of labor regulation and firm size Job creation and labor reform in Latin America Competition, Innovation and Growth in Transition: Exploring the Interactions between Policies The impact of improved highways on Indian firms Russia: Firm entry and survival barriers Informality Among Formal Firms: Firm-Level, Cross-Country Evidence on Tax Compliance and Access to Credit On the Evolution of Firm Size Distributions A house of straw, sticks or bricks? Some notes on corruption empirics Stimulating Growth and Investment in Africa: From Macro to Micro Reforms Helping Hand or Grabbing Hand? State Bureaucracy and Privatization Effectiveness What have we learned about the causes of corruption from ten years of crossnational empirical research? Firm Performance and Foreign Direct Investment: Evidence from Transition Economies Foreign Exposure and Job Creation Services Inputs and Firm Productivity in Sub-Saharan Africa: Evidence from Firm-Level Data Business Environment and the Incorporation Decision. How transition paths differ: Enterprise performance in Russia and China Foreign direct investment and technology spillovers: Evidence from panel data analysis of manufacturing firms in Zambia What causes firms to hide output? The determinants of informality Economic transition and gender differentials in wages and productivity: Evidence from Chinese manufacturing enterprises Are corruption and taxation really harmful to growth? Firm level evidence Informal sector: the credit market channel South African exporting firms: What do we know and what should we know? Measuring Corruption in Infrastructure: Evidence from Transition and Developing Countries Minority Entrepreneurs and Firm Performance in Sub-Saharan Africa Information Sharing and credit: firm-level evidence from transition countries Wages and Labor Management in African Manufacturing The Determinants of Financing Obstacles Bank Competition and Access to Finance: International Evidence Obstacles to entrepreneurship in a transition business environment: the case of Albania Who Must Pay Bribes and How Much? Evidence from A Cross Section of Firms Male–female wage discrimination in Chinese industry Investigation using firm-level data What Have We Learned from a Decade of Manufacturing Enterprise Surveys in Africa? A Structural Model of Establishment and Industry Evolution: Evidence from Chile Corruption in bank lending to firms: Cross-country micro evidence on the beneficial role of competition and information sharing Financing Patterns around the World: Are Small Firms Different? Institutions, ownership, and finance: the determinants of profit reinvestment among Chinese firms Das (Wasted) Kapital: Firm Ownership and Investment Efficiency in China Eat, Drink, Firms, Government: An Investigation of Corruption from Entertainment and Travel Costs of Chinese Firms Multinationals, Technology, and the Introduction of varieties of goods Factor Utilization in Indian Manufacturing: A Look at the World Bank Investment Climate Surveys Data Openness and technological innovations in developing countries : evidence from firm-level surveys What improves environmental performance? evidence from Mexican industry A Firm's-Eye View of Commercial Policy and Fiscal Reforms in Cameroon How Important Are Financing Constraints? The Role of Finance in the Business Environment Measuring Governance, Corruption, and State Capture: How Firms and Bureaucrats Shape the Business Environment in Transition Ec Governance Matters II: Updated Indicators for 2000-01 Governance matters III: Governance indicators for 1996-2002 Governance Matters V: Aggregate and Individual Governance Indicators for 1996-2005 Firm Innovation in Emerging Markets: The Roles of Governance and Finance. Identifying Supply-Side Constraints to Export Performance in Ecuador: An Exercise With Investment Climate Survey Data Construction, Corruption, and Developing Countries Who Fears Competition from Informal Firms? Evidence from Latin America Governance matters IV: Governance indicators for 1996-2004 Measuring the impact of the investment climate on total factor productivity : the cases of China and Brazil Institutional obstacles to doing business : region-by-region results from a worldwide survey of the private sector Bridging the digital divide - how enterprise ownership and foreign competition affect Internet access in Eastern Europe and Central A Restructuring of insider-dominated firms Poverty, inequality, and social disparities during China's economic reform Lessons from China for Africa Market access, supplier access, and Africa's manufactured exports : an analysis of the role of geography and institutions Procurement efficiency for infrastructure development and financial needs reassessed Paying the price for unreliable power supplies : in-house generation of electricity by firms in Africa Are skills rewarded in Sub-Saharan Africa ? determinants of wages and productivity in the manufacturing sector Who survives ? the impact of corruption, competition and property rights across firms Firm-level survey provides data on Asia's corporate crisis and recovery Does Greater Accountability Improve the Quality of Public Service Delivery? Evidence from Uganda Labor restructuring in China: Toward a functioning labor market News on Corruption in the Wall Street Journal and the Corruption Perception Index (CPI) Eight Questions about Corruption Exporting raises productivity in sub-Saharan African manufacturing firms Is the World Flat? Country- and Firm-Level Determinants of Law Compliance Trust in Transition: Cross-Country and Firm Evidence Bank Supervision and Corruption in Lending Privatization, competition, and corruption: how characteristics of bribe takers and payers affect bribes to utilities Measuring Corruption: A Critique of Indicators in Eastern Europe and Central Asia Comparing Apples: Normalcy, Russia, and the Remaining Post-Socialist World Measuring Governance and Corruption through the Worldwide Governance Indicators: Critiques, Responses, and Ongoing Scholarly Lobbying, corruption and political influence Multinational firms, global value chains and the organization of knowledge transfer The Effect of Corruption on Investment Growth: Evidence from Firms in Latin America, Sub-Saharan Africa and Transition Countries How Well Do Institutional Theories Explain Firms’ Perceptions of Property Rights? High-growth entrepreneurial firms in Africa: a quantile regression approach Emerging issues and debates in the reform of the business environment for small enterprise development Bank Ownership, Bank Competition, and Credit Access: Firm-Level Evidence from Transition Countries Fixed and Mobile Competition in Transition Economies Africa’s Growth Turnaround: From Fewer Mistakes to Sustained Growth What drives productivity in Tanzanian manufacturing firms: technology or business environment? The Impact of Investment Climate Indicators on Gross Capital Formation in Developing Countries Financial and Legal Constraints to Firm Growth: Does Size Matter? Liquidity Constraints and Firms’ Linkages with Multinationals Can Survey Evidence Shed Light on Spillovers from Foreign Direct Investment? Inward FDI, concentration, and profitability in the CEECs: Were the domestic firms crowded out or strengthened? Ownership, Technology and Buyers: Explaining Exporting in China and Sri Lanka Investment Climate Assessment Based on Demean Olley and Pakes Decompositions: Methodology and Application to Turkey’s Invest Costs of Infrastructure Deficiencies for Manufacturing in Nigerian, Indonesian and Thai Cities Is there an anticorruption agenda in utilities? The role of investment and regulatory reforms in the development of infrastructure across transition economies Which Entrepreneurs Expect to Expand their Businesses? Evidence from Survey Data in Lithuania Deciding to Bribe: A Cross-Level Analysis of Firm and Home Country Influences on Bribery Activity Does Foreign Direct Investment Increase the Productivity of Domestic Firms? In Search of Spillovers through Backward Linkages The Consequences of Collective Action: An Incomplete-Contracts Approach Law and Firms' Access to Finance International Economic Activities and the Demand for Skilled Labor: evidence from Brazil and China Imports of capital goods and enterprise performance: a firm-level analysis in China Corruption in Asia: Pervasiveness and arbitrariness Does the Evidence on Corruption Depend on How it is Measured? Results from a Cross Country Study on Micro Data Sets Economic Growth in Belarus (1996-2004): Main Drivers and Risks of the Current Strategy Investment climate around the world An Assessment of the Investment Climate in South Africa Does the Investment Climate Matter? India's Investment Climate: Voices of Indian Business Access to Financial Services in Brazil Enterprise Size, Financing Patterns, and Credit Constraints in Brazil: Analysis of Data from the Investment Climate Assessment Surve Financial Sector Governance Innovation, Inclusion and Integration Challenges of African growth : opportunities, constraints, and strategic directions The Central Asian Economies Since Independence Enhancing Job Opportunities Unleashing Prosperity: Productivity Growth in Eastern Europe and the Former Soviet Union Innovation and Entrepreneurship On Politicized Capitalism The African Manufacturing Firm An Analysis Based on Firm Studies in Sub-Saharan Africa The cost of Doing Business: Firms' Experience with Corruption Coping With Corruption in Albanian Public Administration and Business Do Politically Connected Firms Undermine Their Own Competitiveness? Evidence from Developing Countries Power Relationships along the Value Chain: Multinational Firms, Global Buyers, and Local Suppliers’ Performance Do Financing Biases Matter for the Chinese Economy? Corruption in Kyrgyzstan: the facts, causes and consequences Institutional Subversion: Evidence from Russian Regions Where are the Real Bottlenecks? A Lagrangian Approach to Identifying Constraints on Growth from Subjective Survey Data Transition strategy, corporate exploitation, and state capture: An empirical analysis of the former Soviet states China’s Investment Climate City and firm competitiveness of Liaoning Province The Economies of Central Asia: A Survey Policy Uncertainty in Hybrid Regimes - Evidence from Firm Level Surveys Credit Reporting and Financing Constraints. Which Firms Die? A Look at Manufacturing Firm Exit in Ghana Firm Size Matters: Growth and Productivity Growth in African Manufacturing Has the Internet Increased Trade?: Evidence from Industrial and Developing Countries FDI and credit constraints: Firm-level evidence from China Revenue Traps The Political Influence of Foreign Firms in Developing Countries Unobserved heterogeneity and the relation between earnings and firm size: evidence from two developing countries Are Labor Regulations Driving Computer Usage in India's Retail Stores? Employment protection: Do firms' perceptions match with legislation? Determinants and consequences of soft budget constraints An empirical analysis using enterprise-level data in transition countries Ownership, investment climate and firm performance Evidence from Chinese firms The Impact of China’s Millennium Labor Restructuring Program on Firm Performance and Employee Earnings The Investment Climate and the Firm: Firm-Level Evidence from China Constitutionalism and Credibility in Reforming Economies Does Access to Credit Improve Productivity? Evidence from Bulgarian Firms. Are Property Rights Enough? Re-Evaluating a Big-Bang Claim Intervention, Corruption and Capture: The Nexus between Enterprises and the State Inward FDI and Financial Constraints in Central and East European Countries Beyond Tariffs and Quotas: Why Do African Manufacturers Not Export More? Crime, Security, and Firms in Latin America The Effects of Rigid Labor Regulations in Latin America Formal and Informal Microenterprises Consumer Behavior and Competition in Indian Retailing How are Firms in Eastern and Central Europe Reacting to the Financial Crisis? Confronting the Challenge of State Capture in Transition Economies The Search of a Development Path: Challenges for Georgia Foreign Direct Investments and Productivity Growth in the Agri-Food Sector of Eastern Europe and Central Asia: An Empirical Analy Growth and the Investment Climate: Progress and Challenges for Asian Economies Informality and Regulations: What Drives the Growth of Firms? Informality and Bank Credit: Evidence from Firm-Level Data Retailing in India: Assessing the Investment Climate Consumer Behavior and Competition in Indian Retailing Assessing financing constraints for domestic private firms in china and india: evidence from the WBES survey Learning, product innovation, and firm heterogeneity in developing countries, evidence from Tanzania Inequality and Poverty in the CIS-7, 1989-2002 The Russian Economic Puzzle: Going Forwards, Backwards or Sideways? Bargaining for Bribes: the Role of Institutions Maximum resolution dichotomy for investment climate indicators Convergence in Institutions and Market Outcomes: Cross-Country and Time-Series Evidence from the BEEPS Surveys in Transition E Does Labor Flexibility Affect Firm Performance? Evidence from Brazil Shifting Tax Burdens through Exemptions and Evasion: an Empirical Investigation of Uganda Key Constraints for Rural Non-Farm Activity in Tanzania: Combining Investment Climate and Household Surveys Foreign ownership, technological capabilities and clothing exports in Sri Lanka Historical financing of small- and medium-size enterprises African SMES, networks, and manufacturing performance Inside the black box: Bank credit allocation in China’s private sector Organizational Isomorphism and Corruption in Financial Institutions: Empirical Research in Emerging Countries Entrepreneurs’ Gender and Financial Constraints: Evidence from International Data Foreign Bank Participation and Access to Credit across Firms in Developing Countries Business environment and enterprise behaviour in East Germany compared to West Germany and Central Europe Seize the State, Seize the Day: State Capture, Corruption and Influence in Transition Measuring Microfinance Access: Building on Existing Cross-Country Data Corruption, the business environment, and small business growth in India Heard melodies are sweet, but those unheard are sweeter : understanding corruption using cross-national firm-level surveys Governance indicators : where are we, where should we be going ? The worldwide governance indicators project : answering the critics Governance matters VIII : aggregate and individual governance indicators 1996-2008 Governance matters VI : aggregate and individual governance indicators 1996-2007 Governance matters VII : aggregate and individual governance indicators 1996-2007 Firms' productive performance and the investment climate in developing economies : an application to MENA manufacturing The impact of business environment and economic geography on plant-level productivity : an analysis of Indian industry Business environment, clustering, and industry location : evidence from Indian cities Can Sub-Saharan Africa leap into global network trade ? Indigenous ethnicity and entrepreneurial success in Africa : some evidence from Ethiopia Infrastructure and growth in developing countries : recent advances and research challenges Infrastructure and economic growth in East Asia Skills shortages and training in Russian enterprises Grand corruption in utilities Investment climate and international integration Job Reallocation in Two Cases of Massive Adjustment in Eastern Europe Firm productivity in Bangladesh manufacturing industries Tax Evasion, Disclosure, and Participation in Financial Markets: Evidence from Brazilian Firms The Cost of Doing Business in Africa: Evidence from Enterprise Survey Data Sri Lanka’s Rural Non-Farm Economy: Removing Constraints to Pro-Poor Growth Assessing the effects of corruption and crime on firm performance: evidence from Latin America Competition Law and the Economy in the Russian Federation, 1990-2006 Competition Law as Development Policy: Evidence from Poland Volatility and Firm Growth Investment Climate and Firm Performance in Developing Economies Foreign Aid and Business Bottlenecks: A Study of Aid Effectiveness How Business is Done and the ‘Doing Business’ Indicators: The Investment Climate when Firms have Climate Control Vietnam Development Report 2010 Modern Institutions How Strong is the Case for Dollarization in Central America? An Empirical Analysis of Business Cycles, Credit Market Imperfections a Investing Acoss Borders 2010 Understanding multilevel interactions in economic development Financial Reporting Quality and Investment Efficiency of Private Firms in Emerging Markets Competition and Demographics in Large Indian Cities Human Capital and Regional Development Comparing informal firms in Buenos Aires and Chaco Education and the structure of informal firms in Latin America Gender and informality in Latin America Labor productivity, firm-size and gender: The case of informal firms in Argentina and Peru Challenges of retailing in India Crime and security in the Eastern Europe and Central Asia region How do manufacturing and service firms differ within the informal sector? Necessity vs. opportunity entrepreneurs in the informal sector Determinants of Doing Business reforms Difficulties in job creation and exporting Trade performance in Eastern Europe and Central Asia Research and development decisions during the crisis: Firm-level evidence for selected eastern countries The impact of the global economic crisis on the corporate sector in Europe and Central Asia International differences in entrepreneurial finance The impact of the financial crisis on supply-chain financing Entry regulation, labor laws, and informality How firms in Eastern and Central Europe fared through the global financial crisis: Evidence from 2008–2010 Business Environment Perceptions in Afghanistan and Pakistan A Trio of Perspectives on Corruption - Bias, Speed Money, and "Grand Theft Infrastructure" The effect of corporate taxes on investment and entrepreneurship Bank Financing for SMEs: Evidence Across Countries and Bank Owner Types The Impact of the Business Environment on Young Firm Financing Trade policies, investment climate and exporters Obstacles to growth for small and medium enterprises in Turkey Rigidities in employment protection and exporting Is Small Beautiful? Financial Structure and Access to Finance Computer Usage and Labor Regulation in India's Retail Sector What Influences Firms' Perceptions? Economic transition, higher education and worker productivity in China Formal versus informal finance : evidence from China Big constraints to small firms' growth ? business environment and employment growth across firms Explaining enterprise performance in developing countries with business climate survey data What Matters to African Firms? The Relevance of Perceptions Data Publication Volume, Issue, Page Number Year Economics Bulletin 30(1): 663-668 2010 Economics Letters 107(2): 273-275 2010 Economics Letters 105(1): 130-133 2009 Journal of Comparative Economics 37(1): 47-61 2009 Journal of Comparative Economics 35(3): 484-508 2007 Mimeograph - 2010 Mimeograph - 2010 Mimeograph - 2009 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 46568 2007 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 53032 2009 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 53031 2009 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4439 2007 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4394 2007 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4435 2007 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5156 2009 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4350 2007 Journal of Comparative Economics 37(1): 28-46 2009 Journal of Comparative Economics 37(1): 91-105 2009 William Davidson Institute Working Paper Working Paper No. 501 2002 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 45263 2008 Economic Systems 31(4): 391-411 2007 CEPR CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP6597 2007 American Economic Review March 2008, v. 98, iss. 1, pp. 426-38 2008 Issue number: 678 Norwegian Institute of International Affairs (NUPI), Oslo 2005 African Development Review Volume 19 Issue 1, Pages 26 - 51 2007 American Political Science Review 103:264-283 2009 Annual Review of Political Science Volume 10: 211-244 2007 Economics Bulletin Vol. 15, No. 21 pp. 1-11 2007 Note 3 Enterprise Notes, Enterprise Analysis The World Bank Group 2009 Journal of African Economies Vol. 17, No. 4, pp. 578-599 2008 Journal of Banking and Finance 30(11):2967-2993 2006 Journal of Development Economics 2007 Volume 82, Issue 2, March 2007, Pages 374-392 Journal of Development Economics 2006 Volume 81, Issue 2, December 2006, Pages 514-526 Journal of Development Economics Pages Volume 85, Issues 1-2, February 2008,2008 1-27 Journal of Development Economics 2009 Volume 88, Issue 1, January 2009, Pages 144-156 Journal of Development Economics 2007 Volume 83, Issue 1, May 2007, Pages 63-75 Journal of Development Economics 78 (2): 299-321 2005 Journal of Development Perspectives Volume 1, No. 4 (2008): pp. 67-92 2008 Journal of Development Studies 2009 Volume 45, Issue 3, March 2009 , pages 314 - 332 Journal of Development Studies Volume 36, iss. 2, pp. 71-87 1999 Journal of Financial Intermediation 2009 Volume 18, Issue 2, April 2009, Pages 151-172 Journal of Human Resources XLI(2):356-379 (2006) 2006 Journal of International Money and Finance 25(6): 932-952 2006 Journal of Money Credit and Banking 36(3): 627-648 2004 Volume: Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development 12 Issue: 4 Page: 564 - 578 2005 Quarterly Journal of Economics Vol. 118, No. 1, Pages 207-230 2003 06-11 2006 The International Working Group on Gender, Macroeconomics and InternationalEconomics (GEM-IWG) The World Bank Research Observer 21(2):241-265 2006 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4947 2009 Journal of Financial Economics 2009 Volume 91, Issue 3, March 2009, Pages 361-388 Journal of Financial Economics 2008 Volume 89, Issue 3, September 2008, Pages 467-487 Journal of Financial Economics 2005 Volume 77, Issue 1, July 2005, Pages 117-146 NBER Working Paper No. 13103 2007 NBER Working Paper No. 11592 2005 NBER Working Paper No. 12217 2007 NBER Working Paper No. 14178 2008 Journal of Development Studies 2008 Volume 44, Issue 5 May 2008 , pages 701 - 727 Volume 2000 Journal of Environmental Economics and Management 39, Issue 1, January 2000, Pages 39-66 The World Bank Economic Review Vol. 16, No. 3 (2002), pp. 449-472 2002 The World Bank Economic Review 2008 Advance Access published on November 20, 2008, DOI 10.1093/wber/lhn018 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2132 2000 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2772 2002 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3106 2003 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4012 2006 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4157 2007 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4179 2007 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4271 2007 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4316 2007 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3630 2005 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3792 2005 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 1759 1997 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2629 2001 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2046 1999 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4253 2007 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4531 2008 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3942 2006 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4662 2008 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4913 2009 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4688 2008 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5084 2009 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2515 2001 World Development 2005 Volume 33, Issue 1, January 2005, Pages 171-191 Journal of Comparative Economics 2009 Volume 37, Issue 2, June 2009, Pages 287-305 Journal of Comparative International Management 2006 Journal of Economic Perspectives 2005 Volume 19, Number 3,Summer 2005,Pages 19–42 Journal of International Economics 2005 Volume 67, Issue 2, December 2005, Pages 373-391 Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization online 2009 Journal of Law, Economics, and Organization online 2007 Journal of Monetary Economics 2006 Volume 53, Issue 8, November 2006, Pages 2131-2163 Journal of Public Economics 2004 Volume 88, Issues 9-10, August 2004, Pages 2067-2097 Journal of Public Policy 27:255-291 2007 Post-Soviet Affairs 2006 Volume 22, Number 3 / July-September 2006, 225-248 PS: Political Science & Politics 42:139-143 2009 Public Choice 131:1–21 2007 Research Policy 2009 Volume 38, Issue 2, March 2009, Pages 369-381 Review of Development Economics 2009 Volume 13, Issue 2, pp. 200-214, May 2009 Review of Financial Studies 21(4): 1833-1871. 2008 Small Business Economics 2009 Small Enterprise Development 2005 Volume 16, Number 4, December 2005 , pp. 10-18(9) Swiss Bank Mimeo 2005 Telecommunications Policy 2006 Volume 30, Issue 7, August 2006, Pages 349-367 The Commission on Growth and Development Working Paper 2009 The European Journal of Development Research 2008 Volume 20, Issue 2 June 2008 , pages 199 - 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Volume 15, Issue 5 April 2008 , pages 2008 394 Asia Pacific Journal of Management (2007) 24:97–114 2007 Australian Conference of Economists 2009 Paper 2009 Book - 2006 Book - 2003 Book - 2007 Book - 2008 Book - 2008 Book - 2005 Book - 2005 Book - 2002 Book - 2008 Book - 2007 Book - 2006 Book - 2005 Book - 2008 Book - 2008 Book - 2007 Book - 2003 Reinikka, Paul Collier Book chapter, in Uganda's recovery: the role of farms, firms, and government By Ritva 2001 - - 2004 Book Chapter, Strategies for Public Management Reform, Research in Public Policy Analysis and Management, Volume 13, 285–323 no. 18 Brookings Global Economy and Development Working Paper 2008 Cambridge Journal of Economics Vol 1 of 16 2008 Cato Journal Vol. 26, No. 2 (Spring/Summer 2006) 2006 Central Asian Survey 23:1,79 — 94 2004 CEPR Discussion Paper No. 4024 2003 CEPR Discussion Paper No. 5719 2006 Communist and Post-Communist Studies 40 (2007), pp. 393-422 2007 Comparative Economic and Social System ? 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Indian Journal of Economics & Business Special Issue China & India (2006) 2006 Industrial and Corporate Change 2007 16(2):269-292 2007 53pp. (S3RI Applications and Policy Working Papers, Research 2003 Inequality and Poverty in the CIS-7, 1989-2002. Southampton, UK, Southampton Statistical Sciences A03/02) Institute, International Affairs 2007 Vol. 83, No. 5, pp. 869-889, September2007 - International handbook on the economics of corruption 2006 International Journal of Business Environment 2006 - Vol. 1, No.1 pp. 126 - 135 2006 IZA Discussion Paper No. 3863 2008 IZA Discussion Paper 2005 Journal of African Economies 2006 15(3):373-398 2006 Journal of African Economies 2009 18(2):319-361 2009 Journal of Asian Economics 19 (2008) 29–39 2008 Journal of Banking & Finance Pages Volume 30, Issue 11, November 2006, 2006 3017-3042 Journal of Banking & Finance Pages Volume 30, Issue 11, November 2006, 2006 3043-3066 Journal of Banking & Finance 2009 Volume 33, Issue 6, June 2009, Pages 1144-1155 Journal of Business Ethics (2008) 81:481–498 2008 Journal of Comparative Economics Vol 37 (2009) 270-286 2008 Journal of Comparative Economics 34(4): 774-795. 2006 Journal of Comparative Economics 36 (2008) 568–583 2008 Journal of Comparative Economics 2003 Volume 31, Issue 4, December 2003, Pages 751-773 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3606 2005 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4338 2007 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4413 2007 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4370 2007 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4149 2007 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4978 2009 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4280 2007 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4654 2008 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4869 2009 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3664 2005 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 3675 2005 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4112 2007 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2534 2001 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4460 2008 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4589 2008 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4222 2007 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4805 2008 World Development Vol 34, No. 9 pp 1498-1516 2006 World Development Vol 36, No. 11, pp 2144-2169 2008 World Development Vol. 36, No. 10 (also PRWP 3988). 2006 World Development Vol. 36, No. 11, pp. 2512–2525, 2008 2008 World Development Vol. 36, No. 9, pp. 1531–1546, 2008 2008 World Development 2007 Volume 35, Issue 12, December 2007, Pages 2056-2078 Emerging Markets Review 2002 Volume 3, Issue 3, 1 September 2002, Pages 245-268 Global Jurist vol. 9, Issue 2, Article 9 2009 The Law and Development Review vol. 2, No. 1 2009 Journal of Economic Growth vol 14, 1-25 2009 Economic Development and Cultural Change 54(1):1-31. 2005 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5546 2011 CID Working Paper No. 211 Center for International Development Working Paper 2011 - Report No. 51327-VN, December 20092009 Working Paper 83 Institute of Empirical Economic Research Working Papers 2010 Investing Across Borders 2010 2010 #2010-003 2010 United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and social Research and training centre on Innovation and Technology Working Pa Working Paper 2010 Journal of Development Studies 47(9): 1410-1430 2011 Working Paper 2011 Note 25 Enterprise Notes, Enterprise Analysis The World Bank Group 2011 Note 24 Enterprise Notes, Enterprise Analysis The World Bank Group 2011 Note 26 Enterprise Notes, Enterprise Analysis The World Bank Group 2011 Note 22 Enterprise Notes, Enterprise Analysis The World Bank Group 2011 Note 10 Enterprise Notes, Enterprise Analysis The World Bank Group 2010 Note 15 Enterprise Notes, Enterprise Analysis The World Bank Group 2010 Note 14 Enterprise Notes, Enterprise Analysis The World Bank Group 2010 Note 17 Enterprise Notes, Enterprise Analysis The World Bank Group 2010 Note 7 Enterprise Notes, Enterprise Analysis The World Bank Group 2009 Note 12 Enterprise Notes, Enterprise Analysis The World Bank Group 2010 Note 19 Enterprise Notes, Enterprise Analysis The World Bank Group 2010 Note 21 Enterprise Notes, Enterprise Analysis The World Bank Group 2011 Note 9 Enterprise Notes, Enterprise Analysis The World Bank Group 2010 Note 11 Enterprise Notes, Enterprise Analysis The World Bank Group 2010 Note 13 Enterprise Notes, Enterprise Analysis The World Bank Group 2010 Note 1 Enterprise Notes, Enterprise Analysis The World Bank Group 2009 Note 20 Enterprise Notes, Enterprise Analysis The World Bank Group 2009 Note 27 Enterprise Notes, Enterprise Analysis The World Bank Group 2011 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 5889 2011 American Economic Journal: Macroecnomics 2 (July 2010): 31–64 2010 Journal of Financial Services Research 39:35-54 2011 The World Bank Review 25(3) 486-507 2011 Working Paper 2011 Working Paper 2010 Working Paper 2011 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 5806 2011 Journal of Development Studies Volume 46, Issue 9, pages 1572-1592 2010 Journal of Comparative Economics 2010 Volume 38, Issue 4, December 2010, Pages 419-431 Journal of Development Economics 2011 Volume 94, Issue 1, January 2011, Pages 86-94 Review of Financial Studies 23 (8): 3048-3097 2010 Economic Development and Cultural Change Volume 59, No. 3, pp. 609-647 2011 The World Bank Research Observer 26: 258–309 2010 World Bank Policy Research Working Paper 4446 2007 Abstract Topic Gender A number of studies show that relative to male owned businesses, female owned businesses are smaller in size. However, these studi Legal Origin The present paper contributes to the literature on legal origins by showing that the ease with which information on rules and regulat Legal for doing business, we find strong evidence for the theory of legal or Using data on firm perceptions of how helpful the government is Origin Labor Regulations A new dataset of 1948 retail stores in India shows that 27% of the stores find labor regulations as a problem for their business. Using Finance Creditor-friendly laws are generally associated with more credit to the private sector and deeper financial markets. But laws mean li Informality Anecdotal evidence suggests that working from home makes it easier to balance work and family life. This is particularly attractive to Informality The literature on crime seeks to identify groups of agents based on their socio-economic-demographic characteristics that are more l Crime Existing studies aimed at identifying individuals or economic agents that suffer more from crime than others are based on the inciden Competition The paper analyzes the effect of product market competition on the average productivity of labor in India’s retail sector. The authors Informality Using a new dataset on informal or unregistered firms in Ivory Coast, Madagascar and Mauritius, this paper identifies the type of firm Informality Differences between opportunity and necessity firms within the informal sector have long been debated. This paper revisits this deba deem corruption as an obstacle to operate and grow, to identify the profi This paper seeks to understand whether Mauritanian firmsCorruption Corruption This paper measures the extent to which firms in developing countries are the target of bribes. Using new firm-level survey data from formal This paper tests the hypothesis that enterprises may forgo Financefinance in lieu of informal credit by choice. They do so to avoid the Trade Recent studies have shown that not only exporters but also importers perform better than firms that do not trade. Using a detailed fi Finance This paper uses firm level data from a cross-section of 57 countries to study how financial development affects innovation in small fi Labor Regulations This paper investigates how the enforcement of labor regulation affects firm size and other firm characteristics in Brazil. We explore Labor Regulations This paper studies the effects of labor-regulation reform using data for 10,396 firms from 14 Latin American countries. Firms are ask Innovation Transition has entailed the introduction of policies to stimulate product market competition, to establish effective corporate governa Infrastructure India's Golden Quadrilateral Program is aimed at improving the quality and width of existing highways connecting the four largest ci Firm entry and survival Why are there so few new firms in Russia? This paper provides further insights into the specific Russian business landscape and how Informality We use firm-level, cross-county data from Investment Climate surveys in 49 developing countries to investigate an important channe Finance We study the impact of financial constraints on firm size distribution (FSD). We find that financially constrained firms, identified usin Corruption d Corruption has become a fashionable subject the last decade or so. The ecades before it was neglected, and the phenomenon itself ha How do we stimulate investment and growth in Africa? This paper focuses on low-income countries that are 'good performers' and n Governance Why have economic reforms aimed at reducing the role of the state been successful in some cases but not others? Are reform failures Corruption Review recent efforts by political scientists and economists to explain cross-national variation in corruption using subjective ratings, Finance We evaluate the performance of foreign-owned versus domestic firms, and the spillover effects of industry foreign share for five tran Trade In our highly globalized world, it is crucial for governments to monitor the flow of goods and services across their borders and to attr Productivity The authors investigate the relationship between the productivity of African manufacturing firms and their access to services inputs. Finance Using firm-level data from 52 countries we investigate how a country’s institutions and business environment affect firm’s organizat Business Climate We use enterprise survey data to analyse and contrast the determinants of enterprise performance in China and Russia. We find that Productivity The most pronounced reason for providing fiscal incentives to attract foreign direct investment (FDI) is that FDI is an effective condu Governance In many developing countries, a significant part of economic activity takes place in the informal sector. Earlier work has examined th Gender We use firm-level data to analyze male–female wage differences in Chinese industry in the late 1990s. Our estimates indicate that em estimated bribe payments of Ugandan firms, we study the relationship bet Exploiting a unique data set containing information on the Corruption Finance We build a model of firms' choice between formality and informality. Complying with costly registration procedures allows the firms Finance Policies to stimulate export growth and diversify the composition of exports in South Africa are now high on the government’s agend impact of corruption in infrastructure using existing evidence. There is ev This paper examines what we can say about the extent andGovernance Business in sub-Saharan Africa. Using data from the Regional Program on This study focuses on the role of entrepreneurs in the private sector Climate Finance Using Beeps they showed that information sharing by banks is associated with improved availability and lower cost credit. Using matched employer-employee data from ten African countries, we examine the relationship between wages, worker supervision Labor Regulations 80 countries to assess (i) how successful a priori classifications are in dist We use survey data on a sample of over 10,000 firms from Finance Finance Theory makes ambiguous predictions about the effects of bank market structure on access to external finance. Using a unique databa Investment Climate The purpose of the research is to critically evaluate the obstacles and problems encountered by entrepreneurs while doing business quantitative This paper uses a unique data set on corruption containingGovernance information on bribe payments of Ugandan firms. The data h Gender We use firm-level data to analyze male–female wage discrimination in China's industry. We find that there is a significant negative as General on Enterprise Development (RPED) in several African countries, a In the early 1990s the World Bank launched the Regional Program Policy Growth Many recent models have been developed to fit the basic facts on establishment and industry evolution. While these models yield a si Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting Building on the important study by Beck, Demirguc-Kunt and Levine (2006), we examine the effects of the both borrower and lender Finance Using a firm-level survey database covering 48 countries, we investigate how financial and institutional development affects financin in 2002, This paper reexamines those issues in the context of China Finance when the transition had moved far. We also find that secure prop Firm Investment Strategies Based on a survey that we designed and that covers a stratified random sample of 12,400 firms in 120 cities in China with firm-level Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting Entertainment and Travel Costs (ETC) is a standard expenditure item for Chinese firms with an annual amount equal to about 20 per during Using firm-level data for the Chinese manufacturing sector Trade 1998-2000, I compare the performance of foreign and domestic fir Labor Regulations Why is the performance of the Indian manufacturing sector, relative both to the service sector and to the manufacturing sectors in ot Innovation This paper examines international technology transfers using firm-level data across 43 developing countries. Its findings show that e of regulation, plant-level management policies, and other factors on the e This paper uses new survey evidence to analyze the effectsInvestment Climate Country Study After decades of high trade restrictions, fiscal distortions, and currency overvaluation, Cameroon implemented important commercia Finance What role does the business environment play in promoting and restraining firm growth? In this paper, we use firm level survey data Unbundles the measurement of governance and corruption. Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting Kaufmann, Kraay, and Zoido-Lobaton construct aggregate governance indicators for six dimensions of governance, covering 175 cou Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting Kaufmann, Kraay, and Mastruzzi present estimates of six dimensions of governance covering 199 countries and territories for four ti Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting The authors report on the latest version of the worldwide governance indicators, covering 213 countries and territories and measuri Innovation The authors investigate the determinants of firm innovation in over 19,000 firms across 47 developing economies. They define the in Investment Climate Survey (ICS) to investigate supply-side constraints to The authors apply a Heckman selection model to the 2003 Trade, Infrastructure Goverance/Corruption/Institutional have major roles as clients, regulato The construction industry accounts for about one-third of gross capital formation. GovernmentsSetting Firm Investment Strategies This paper investigates who is most affected by informal competition and how regulation and enforcement affect the extent and natu Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting Kaufmann, Kraay and Mastruzzi present the newly updated estimates of six dimensions of governance covering 209 countries and te Investment Climate, Productivity This study measures the impact of investment climate factors on total factor productivity (TFP) of firms in Brazil and China. The anal Investment Climate Case studies and anecdotal evidence have suggested that uncertainty about policies, laws, and regulations has hampered developmen Investment Climate Many observers attributed the rapid productivity growth observed in the United States in the mid- to late 1990s, to the growing use o Governance/Corruption/Institutional of privatizing to insiders affect ente Using enterprise survey data for 1995-97, the author studies and compares how different modes Setting Investment Climate China has been the most rapidly growing economy in the world over the past 25 years. This growth has fueled a remarkable increase Investment era of globalization. Since initiating economic reform after 197 China has been the most successful developing country in this modern Climate Investment Climate In a large cross-country sample of manufacturing establishments drawn from 188 cities, average exports per establishment are smal Infrastructure Infrastructure is the engine for economic growth. The international donor community has spent about 70-100 billion U.S. dollars on i Infrastructure This paper documents the prevalence of in-house generation of electric power by firms in Sub-Saharan Africa and attempts to identif Labor Regulations Using recent matched employer-employee data from the manufacturing sector in 20 Sub-Saharan African countries, the authors anal Investment Climate s Size, age, sector, and productivity are commonly cited as factors determining a firm’ survival. However, there are several dimensions Finance Researchers have decried the limited supply of objective, comparable firm-level data from developing countries. The author describe Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting While the importance of corruption as a possible impediment to foreign investment in an international context is now well realized, i Labor Regulations This paper examines the patterns and determinants of the labor restructuring process in China using two large firm-level datasets fo Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting Based on cross-time-section series data collected from Wall Street Journal (WSJ), this article suggests that the Corruption Perception Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting This paper will discuss eight frequently asked questions about public corruption: (1) What is corruption? (2) Which countries are the Productivity Proponents of trade liberalization argue that exporting helps firms to achieve higher productivity levels. This hypothesis is examined Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting This research revisits the effects of a country's institutional framework on individual firms' behavior, focusing, in particular, on firms Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting Using data from a large survey of firms across 26 transition economies, this article assesses the extent of trust in business relationshi Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting Which commercial bank supervisory policies ease—or intensify—the degree to which bank corruption is an obstacle to firms raising transition economies in eastern Europe and central Asia, we examine how Using enterprise-level data on bribes paid to utilities in 21 Corruption Corruption This paper systematically examines indicators, starting with the definitional distinction between measures of administrative corrupt Country Study Shleifer and Treisman (2005) argue that Russia is a “normal country.” Their benchmark for normalcy, however, refers primarily to m Goverance/Corruption/Institutional developing six governance indicators Since 1996 the World Bank Institute and the Research Department of the World Bank have beenSetting Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting Conventional wisdom is that lobbying is the preferred mean for exerting political influence in rich countries and corruption the prefe Innovation This paper combines insights from different streams of literature to develop a more comprehensive framework for the analysis of kn Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting Many of the empirical studies that analyze the impact of corruption on investment have three common features: they employ aggrega Finance How well do institutional and firm-level factors explain firms’ perceptions of property rights protection of entrepreneurial firms in This article analyses the growth performance of a large setFirm Investment Strategies ten manufacturing sectors of 11 Sub-Saharan A Investment means There is a growing interest in reforming the business environment as aClimate to stimulating economic growth. Unlike other interven affect the We examine how foreign bank entry and bank competitionFinance credit access of small, medium and large firms in transition cou Firm Investment fixed line The main aim of this paper is to explore the competition between traditionalStrategies and mobile services across Eastern Europe and regional study After stagnating for much of its postcolonial history, economic performance in Sub-Saharan Africa has markedly improved. Since 199 Productivity Using cross-sectional firm-level data, this paper examines the determinants of productivity among manufacturing firms in Tanzania. Investment Climate This paper examines the impact of investment climate indicators on gross capital formation in developing countries. Based on data fr Finance This paper investigates the effect of financial, legal, and corruption problems on firms' growth rates. Whether these factors constrain Finance Using a unique data set on the Czech Republic for 1994–2003, this article examines the relationship between a firm’s liquidity constr Trade Although some economists remain skeptical of the existence of positive externalities associated with foreign direct investment (FDI) Firm Investment Strategies This article examines the impact of foreign direct investment (FDI) on domestic market concentration and profitability in 13 Central Trade This paper examines several characteristics besides foreign ownership that influence the decision of clothing firms in China and Sri L Firm Investment Strategies Evaluate and measure the total factor productivity (TFP) impacts of having; low quality physical infrastructures (electricity, telecomm Infrastructure This paper is a sequel to an earlier paper on Nigeria published in this journal. Using the fresh results obtained from the sample surve Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting In a networked utility setting (few, predominantly monopoly providers), it is very hard to measure the extent of grand corruption us in infrastructure and broader The main aim of this paper is to assess whether investmentFirm Investment Strategies institutional infrastructure reforms have be Firm Investment Strategies In Lithuania, why some busines intend to expand their firms, while others do not Goverance/Corruption/Institutional through Local firms in their home countries often engage in behavior that constitutes corruption,at least Setting some cultural lenses. One su Productivity Many countries strive to attract foreign direct investment (FDI) hoping that knowl- edge brought by multinationals will spill over to d Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting Public policy may be determined as much by what cannot be agreed to by politicians and organized interests as by what can. Focusin Finance This article examines how a country’s legal origin influences the operation of its financial system by using firm-level survey data acro greater specialization accordingto comparative advantage, but also to the Increases in international economic integration can lead toProductivity trade,firm performance Much recent research on openness and productivity has shifted attention away from regions and countries to firms. Most of those stu Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Asian Abstract How does one understand the differences and similarities of corruption among variousSettingcountries? We use a recent fra Corruption C This study compares the evidence on corruption between alternative data sets. These include the orruption Perceptions Indices (CPI - Infrastructure - Investment Climate - Investment Climate - Investment Climate - Investment Climate - Finance - Finance - Finance - Innovation - Economic Growth - Country Study - Labor Regulations - Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting - Innovation - Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting - regional study, industrial organization - Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting - Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting This paper is about cronyism, or the arrangements by which influential firms receive economic favors. This phenomenon has been do Productivity There is a growing literature exploring the role of international trade channels oneconomic growth, looking at the mechanisms throu no abstract finance no abstract Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting What are the effects of institutional subversion on small business development, fiscal policies, economic growth, and firm performan investment climate We use firm-level survey data from over 20,000 firms in about 60 countries to identify constraints on the growth of firms. We develo corruption and thereform processes in the It is difficult to find, at a glance, a clear connection betweenGoverance/Corruption/Institutional Settingstates of the former Soviet Uni Country Study Firm Investment Strategies Country Study w The ex-Soviet republics of Central Asia have instituted some economic reforms ithin their authoritarian political systems, including Goverance/Corruption/Institutional constraint on investment in developi Abstract: Cross-national surveys suggest that regulatory and policy uncertainty is an important Setting We combine firm-level data from the World Bank BusinessFinance Environment Survey (WBES) with data on private and public credit regist Competition Which firms are driven out of business the African context? Given that many markets do not function efficiently in Africa, the determ Productivity The recent availability of firm- and plant-level panel data sets has greatlyimproved our understanding of the life cycle of firms. Severa Trade If the Internet made it easier for firms to enter new markets by reducing communication and search costs then it may also have made Finance, Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting In this paper, we analyze whether incoming foreign investment in China plays an important role in alleviating domestic firms’ credit c Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting When state officials care about tax revenue and factors of production are mobile across economic sectors, political economies organi Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting Foreign firms are likely to attempt to shape host government policies in their favour, as the profitability of MNE foreign affiliates larg Firm performance Large firms in Ghana and Kenya pay much higher wages than small ones. We use panel data to show this is not the result of employin the World Bank’s E A recent survey of 1,948 retail stores in India conducted byLabor Regulations nterprise Surveys shows that 19 percent of the stores u Labor compare employers' responses with actual labor legislation. Emplo Drawing from harmonized surveys of firms around the world, weRegulations Finance A This paper presents empirical work grounded in the soft budget constraint (SBC) literature. loan is soft when a bank cannot commit Investment Climate The importance of a country’s ‘investment climate’ for economic growth has recently received much attention. In this paper we use a n the largest labour p Around the turn of the century, China experienced perhapsLabor Regulations restructuring rogram in the world. This paper uses a n Productivity The importance of a country’s “investment climate” for economic growth has recently received much attention. A contribution of this constitutional transformations on the economic transition in post-commu There has been relatively little investigation of the effect of Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting Finance, Productivity Although it is widely accepted that financial development is associated with higher growth, the evidence on the channels through wh Goverance/Corruption/Institutional property We investigate the claim made by proponents of the big-bang strategy that the establishment of Setting rights in an economy in tra Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting We study the nexus between enterprises and the state in transition countries, using new enterprise survey data. We examine the qua Central This study examines whether domestically owned firms in Finance and Eastern European countries (CEECs) confronted higher financ Trade o Africa’s export performance has been extremely poor in recent years. Its share f world exports has declined and most countries are h Crime Existing studies show that crime is more rampant in the larger cities and that wealthier individuals are more often targeted. Using En Job Creation Rigid regulations may prevent labor markets from being efficient. We quantify, for 14 Latin American countries, the extent to which r Informality This note uses unique data from enterprise surveys in three African countries to examine the characteristics of informal and formal m Competition This note argues that consumer behavior may be as important as firm behavior for the level of competition in consumer industries su Financial Crisis Since late 2008, countries around the world have been affected by the global economic slowdown. The Financial Crisis Survey measu Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting When we think about corruption, an image quickly comes to mind of a bureaucrat extorting bribes from powerless individuals and d country study 2003 after the Revolution of the Roses, Georgia transition process was re-launched withstrong impulse. Combining the burden of a lo Firm Asian (ECA) countries Since the beginning of transition, Eastern European and Central Investment Strategies compete against one another in attracting fore investment climate Finance role This paper relies on rich firm-level data on transition economies to examine the of informality as an important channel through w Informality, finance The paper relies on a firm-level data on transition economies to examine the relationship between informality and bank credit. We fi Investment Climate for Retailing in India Competition and Demographics finance Using a unique dataset from the World Business Environment Survey (WBES), this study finds preliminary evidence that India's finan of firm learning, investment and linkages, and their importance for produ Using firm data, this study investigates the various sourcesProductivity Economic standards of people This paper examines the impact of a decade of transition on the livingGrowth living in seven of the poorest Republics of t Economic Growth The question addressed in this article is whether the recent strong growth of the Russian economy is sustainable. The main difficulty Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting this setup, we find that time We develop a bargaining model of corruption where firms pay bribes to avoid regulation. Consistent with data The Investment Climate Surveys conducted by the World Bank measure specific constraints facing firms in over 50 countries, and rel Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting This paper uses the BEEPS firm-level data to study the process of convergence of transitioncountries with developed market econom Labor Regulations u This paper studies whether access to informality affects manufacturing performance sing a cross section of firms in Brazil. We use (e Goverance/Corruption/Institutional the prevalence of tax evasion and exe This paper investigates the impacts of tax reforms implemented in Uganda in the mid-1990s on Setting investment climate We use a survey of small rural enterprises from Tanzania to identify subjective as well as objective obstacles to expansion and produ Trade Drawing on recent developments in applied international trade and innovation and learning in developing countries, this paper exam finance We focus on the economies of the North Atlantic Core during the 19th and early 20th centuries and find that an impressive variety of investment climate This paper examines the role of private support institutions in determining small and medium enterprise (SMES) growth and perform finance This study examines how the Chinese state-owned banks allocate loans to private firms. We find that the banks extend loans to finan Goverance/Corruption/Institutional integration in the world. It is clear, h The globalizations of capital markets in the last 20 years has led to a historic degree of financial Setting Gender This paper examines whether financial institutions discriminate against entrepreneurs onthe basis of gender. Using the cross-country Finance Combining responses from a survey of firms operating in 35 developing and transition economies with data on the degree of foreign b and West Germany and four Central European This paper examines institutional differences between EastGoverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting transition countries (Czech Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting Data from the 1999 Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey is used to examine state capture and influence in tran data Given the acknowledged need for a new effort to expand the set of available data ondirect access to financial services, including a focu investment of small-scale manufacturers. The results suggest that excessi This paper estimates a dynamic business growth equation on a sampleclimate undertaken to understand the causes and consequences of corruption. Ma Since the early 1990s, a large number of studies have been Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting Scholars, policymakers, aid donors, and aid recipients acknowledge the importance of good governance for development. This under Goverance/Corruption/Institutional over 200 The Worldwide Governance Indicators, reporting estimates of six dimensions of governance for Setting countries between 1996 an Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting This paper reports on the 2009 update of the Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) research project, covering 212 countries and Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting This paper reports on the latest update of the Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) research project covering 212 countries and Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting This paper reports on the latest update of the Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) research project, covering 212 countries and investment climate Drawing on the World Bank Investment Climate Assessment surveys, this paper investigates the relationship between firm-level tech investment climate The authors' analysis of manufacturing plants sampled from India's major industrial centers shows large productivity gaps across cit investment climate How do differences in the local business environment influence location of industry within countries? How do the benefits of a good b trade This paper examines opportunities for Sub-Saharan African countries to effectively participate in globalization, particularly given the human capital Researchers have recently been asking why Asian and European minorities in Africa seem to be more successful in business than are Infrastructure This paper presents a survey of recent research on the economics of infrastructure in developing countries. Energy, transport, teleco Infrastructure This paper examines whether infrastructure investment has contributed to East Asia's economic growth using both a growth accoun Country Study, productivity In the transition to a market economy, the Russian workforce underwent a wrenching period of change, with excess supply of some i Goverance/Corruption/Institutional Setting This paper discusses mechanisms of grand corruption in private sector utility provision in developing countries. By the term "grand Investment Climate Drawing on recently completed firm-level surveys in Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Honduras,India, Nicaragua, Pakistan, and Peru, this pa Labor job creation This paper uses worker-level data to characterize economy-wide Regulations and jobdestruction during periods of massive structura Productivity This paper studies the correlates of firm total factor productivity (TFP) in Bangladesh using data from a recent survey of large manuf Finance This paper draws on survey data and qualitative evidence from Brazilian manufacturing firms to examine the scale and consequences Firm costs (related to infrastructure and services) account for a relatively Data from the World Bank Enterprise Surveys show that indirectInvestment Strategies, Labor Regulation Informality We use a survey of rural enterprises from Sri Lanka to explore characteristics of the informal non-farm sector and identify obstacles to Corruption, Crime This paper uses a survey of private firms to assess the effects of corruption on the economic prospects of firms. The paper studies wh prohibiting anticompetitive agreements Most developing and transition countries adopted statutes Competition, Governance/ Regulation and abusive practices during the Competition, Governance/ Regulation The relationship between the design of competition laws and economic outcomes remains the subject of considerable controversy in Firm investment A growing body of macroeconomic evidence suggests that volatility is detrimentalfor economic growth. The channel through which t Productivity e The developing world contains both the fastest-growing and slowest-growing conomies on earth. If one ranks countries by 1990 per Obstacles This paper proposes a new framework to analyze aid effectiveness. Using World Bank firm survey data and OECD aid flow data, the a Investment Climate “Doing Business” (DB) provides measures of the time and costs associated with fully complying with an array of business regulations Finance In this paper, we contrast two di erent views in the debate on o cial dollarization. The Mundell (1961) framework of optimal currency Study of factors driving international investment. Investment Climate Productivity National framework conditions mediate the effect of technological capabilities of firms on their productivity. Although this has been r Finance Prior research shows that financial reporting quality (FRQ) is positively related to investment efficiency for large U.S. publicly traded structure of Mainstream economics views demographic changes in the Competitionhouseholds as of little relevance for the behavior of firms or th We investigate the determinants of regional development using a newly constructed database of 1569 sub-national regions from 110 Informality B This note highlights differences between informal businesses in two regions of Argentina— uenos Aires and Chaco. Labor productiv Education 7 A recent survey of unregistered or informal firms in Argentina and Peru shows that about 4 percent of the owners have a secondary Gender Recently collected data on informal or unregistered firms in Argentina and Peru showsignificant differences between male- and fema Gender A commonly held view is that female-owned businesses suffer from many disadvantages compared to male-owned businesses. These Retailers Using Enterprise Surveys data on 1,948 retail stores in India, this note highlights the keyproblems and challenges faced by retailers in Crime A Crime and security in the Eastern Europe and Central Asia region bout 20 percent of firms in the Eastern Europe and Central Asia re Informality C A comparison of service and manufacturing firms in the informal or unregistered sector in ôte d’Ivoire, Madagascar and Mauritius sh Informality Some informal or unregistered businesses are established to take advantage of businessopportunities (opportunity firms) while othe Reforms This note identifies the quality of democracy and the amount of natural resources as importantdeterminants of Doing Business reform Trade Evidence from aggregate and micro-level data shows that globally engaged firms are better than firms serving only domestic markets Trade In the Eastern Europe and Central Asia (ECA) region, countries show great variations in theirlevels of openness and how intensively t R&D tend Recent empirical work finds that R&D expenditures, particularly from the business sector, to move in parallel with gross domesti Financial Crisis o Data from the World Bank’s Financial Crisis Survey show that despite the magnitude f the credit crunch, the majority of firms consid to systematically This note uses the standardized Enterprise Survey datasetsAccess to Finance study the use ofdifferent financing sources for young fir Access to Finance Trade credit is an important source of financing for firms in emerging markets. In this note, weidentify the firm and market character Regulations Does the regulation of entry cause informality in themanufacturing sector of developingcountries? This note presents evidence fromI Financial Crisis The latest data of the Financial Crisis Survey show continued negative sales performance,on average, but the general rate of decline s Investment Climate This note compares business environment perceptions using a unique panel data set of Afghani and Pakistani firms interviewed betw Corruption A number of recent survey articles express hope that new data from enterprise surveys would shed new light on corruption complem We present new data on effective corporate income tax rates in 85 countries in 2004. The data come from a survey, conducted jointly finds that foreign, Using data for 91 large banks from 45 countries, this paperBank Financing domestic private, and government-owned banks use dif Business Environment Access to external finance and the ability to undertake profitable investment opportunities is an important ingredient for success of a Investment Climate/Trade There is a large body of research that explores international trade as a source of the dispersion in income levels and growth performa Firm Growth Many studies have shown that firm growth decreases monotonically with size and age. In this study, the authors investigate employm Trade/Regulation There have been significant improvements in traditional trade policies in the past few decades. However, these improvements can on C Access to between ombining two unique data sets, this paper explores the relationshipFinance the relative importance of different financial institutio the World Bank’s A recent survey of 1,948 retail stores in India conducted byLabor Regulations Enterprise surveys shows that 19 percent of all stores u Measurement of the business Perceptions-based indicators are sometimes used to measure the quality of Institutions environment. For instance, firms are asked a Productivity Investigate the role of education on worker productivity and firms' total factor productivity using a panel of firm-level data from Chin Finance China is often mentioned as a counterexample to the findings in the finance and growth literature since, despite the weaknesses in its Business Climate Using data on more than 56,000 enterprises in 90 countries, this paper finds that objective conditions in the business environment va Data This paper surveys the recent literature which examines the impact of business climate variables on productivity and growth in deve firms’ views on constraints differ across countries in ub-Saharan Africa. In this paper, the authors provide a picture of how Investment Climate S ES data used JEL 1 JEL 2 JEL 3 Keyword 1 J16 L26 L25 Informality Informality surveys for Burkina Faso, Cameroons, Cape Verde, Cote d'Ivoire, Madagascar and Mauritius (2009) World Business Environment Survey (WBES, 1999) H1 K4 P11 Legal Origin World Business Environment Survey (WBES, 1999) H1 K00 N20 Legal Origin Retail sector in India (2005) J080 K31 L81 Labor regulation D23 Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey (BEEPS, 2002, 2005) G21 G32 Law and Finance J17 L26 (2009) Informality Informality surveys for Burkina Faso, Cameroons, Cote d'Ivoire, Madagascar and Mauritius L21 Informality surveys for Burkina Faso, Cameroons and Cape Verde (2009) K42 J61 O55 Informality Latin America (2007) K40 K42 O54 Crime Retail sector in India (2005) D24 L11 L81 Competition Informality surveys for Cote d'Ivoire, Madagascar and Mauritius (2009)O17 L26 L21 Informality Informality surveys for Cote d'Ivoire, Madagascar and Mauritius (2009)J17 L26 L21 Informality Data for Mauritania (2006) Mauritania Data on 33 countries in Africa and Latin America D21 D73 H11 Corruption Data on 29 countries (2005) Finance Enterprise Surveys data for 43 countries Exports Data on 57 countries G21 O16 O30 Financial development Data on Brazil (2003) H00 H10 J50 Enforcement of labor regulation Latin America (2007) J080 J63 K31 Labor-market reforms Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey (BEEPS, 2002) G32 L10 O31 Transition Data on Indian firms (2002, 2006) Infrastructure P30 Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey (BEEPS, 2002, 2005) P4 M13 Russia Data for 49 countries (1999 to 2005) G32 H26 Informality WBES 1999-2000 WBES BEEPS income countries that are 'good performers' and not especially endowed with natural resources. Many of these countries have undertaken a set o BEEPS BEEPS ICS 2003-Kyrgyz Republic,Moldova, Poland, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan F10 F14 D21, L60 transition economies Africa, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia ES 2002-5, Ethiopia, Kenya, Madagascar, Mali, Mauritius, Senegal, SouthL8 F2 D24 WBES 1999 G18 G38 Institutions ES China, Russia D23 L22 O12; P31 Enterprise performance RPED F2 O32 D24 Foreign investment WBES Informal sector ICS China 2001 I30 J16 Gender R20 J21; J64; J71; O10;wage discrimination ES Uganda 2000 D92 H25 O14 Corruption WBES 1999-2000 O17 D2 G2 Formal and informal sectors ES Africa BEEPS ES Africa BEEPS D82 G21 P34 G28; O16;Information sharing RPED 8 countries WBES 1999-2000 80 countries E22 G30 O16 Financing constraints WBES 1999-2000 80 countries G30 G10 O16 Financial development BEEPS Albania Albania ES Uganda 1998 ICS China 2001 WBES Africa WBES G21 L11 O16 Competition WBES 1999 G30 G10 O16; K40 Financial development ICS China 200/2003 D23 G31 P2; L2 China ES China 2002-2005 ICS China 2001/2003 ICS China 2001 ES Bangladesh 2004-2005 ICS 2002-5, 43 developing countries ES Mexico RPED Cameroon WBES 2000 D21 G30 O12 BEEPs 20 transition countries WBES, BEEPS WBES, BEEPS WBES, BEEPS ICS 47 countries ICS Ecuador 2003 BEEPs 1999 & 2000 ES 2006 Latin American, 14 countries in South and Central America. D21 D40 Informality L51, L60, N66, O17 WBES, BEEPS ICS ES WBES ES Georgia, Moldova, 1995-1997 G32 G34 Former Soviet Union ES China ES China, ES Africa ES Africa F10 F12 O10, O11 Economic geography ES D44 H54 H57, C21 Public procurement ES Africa 2002-2006 ES SSA 2003-7 J21 J24 Sub-Saharan Africa J31, O15, O49 ES L1 L2 D4, O1 Firm exit ES Asia, 1996-1998 ICS Uganda governance ICS China 2001/2003 H3 J2 O5; P5 J6; L2; L3;Public-sector downsizing WBES BEEPS 1999, 2002 RPED 1992-1996 F14 O12 O33 Productivity WBES D21 K42 O17, O57 BEEPs 2002, 26 countries D23 D92 P26, P31, Z13 WBES 2000 WBES 1999 Corruption BEEPs 2000, 2002, and 2005 BEEPS Russia BEEPS BEEPS 2000 PICS Thailand 2001-3 WBES WBES 1999-2000 ICS 2006 ICS BEEPS BEEPs 26 transition countries in 2002 BEEPS 2002 ICS ICS Tanzania 2003 ICS O12 O16 O50 Gross Capital Formation WBES 1999 ES Czech F21 F23 F36 ES 2003 and 2004 in the Czech Republic and in 2003 in Latvia F21 F23 O24, O33 BEEPs II 2001-2002 foreign direct investment (FDI) ICS 2003 China, and 2004 Sri Lanka ICS Turkey 2005 D61 L60 O57, C01 Total factor productivity Nigeria 1988, Indonesia Thailand 1992 BEEPs 2000 Networked utilities BEEPS 2002 Infrastructure WBES and EBRD SME WBES 2000 F2 ES Lithuania Manufacturing Firms - Lithuania Statistical Office (1996-2000) O1 O3 BEEPS 2000 WBES 1999 K4 G3 H11 ICS Brazil China F02 F16 J23 ES China 1998-2000 WBES WBES C13 D03 D73 BEEPs 2002 WBES ICS South Africa ES & BEEPS ICS India ES Brazil 2000 ICS Brazil BEEPs BEEPs 1999, 2002, 2005 ICS ES Africa BEEPs 1999 & 2002 BEEPS 2002, 2005 BEEPs 2002 & 2005 ES 2002-2005 ICS China 2003 RPED Africa ES Uganda BEEPS ES cronyism ICS Thai 2001-2003 F23 O14 O33 Global value chains WBES BEEPS BEEP Russia 1999 & 2002 D71 D72 P26 Institutional subversion BEEPS, PICS H41 O12 O16 Public Goods BEEPS O17 O57 P37 the Former Soviet Union ? ? BEEPS 2005 F13 P31 P36 Central Asia BEEPs 27 post-communist countries and five OECD countries policy uncertainty WBES 1999 RPED Africa D21 L25 L60 manufacturing RPED 1992-1996 ICS 2001-2002 Rural Communications ICS China 2003 E22 E44 G31 Financial constraint BEEPS ES 48 countries RPED Africa J3 L25 Earnings ES India 2006 J080 K31 L81 Labor regulations ICS J23 K31 Employment protection legislat (BEEPS 2002) in 26 transition economies C34 D84 O12 Soft budget constraint ES China D2 G2 L1 Investment Climate ICS Panel China 1998-2002 J2 J3 J4 Downsizing ICS China 2002 BEEPS D72 D73 P20 Political economy ES Bulgari 2004 G32 D24 G21 Access to credit BEEPs II 2002 K42 P26 P37 Property Rights BEEPs 2000 BEEPs II Business Environment and Ent WBES Africa ES 14 Latin American Countries ES 14 Latin American Countries ES 3 African Countries ES India retail stores ES Financial Crisis Survey BEEPs 1999 & 2000 BEEPS 2005 BEEPS 2002-2003 foreign direct investments ICS BEEPs 2005 L25 O17 O43 BEEPS L25 O17 O43 Bank credit Retail data, India 2005-2006 Retail data, India 2005-2006 WBES ICS Tanzania in 2003 BEEPS 2005 BEEPS BEEPS ICS data mining BEEPS 2002-2005 G32 L11 O12 transition ICS Brazilian 2002 J3 O6 O17 Informal Sector ES Uganda ICS Tanzania ES Sri Lanka 2004 F14 O31 L67 Foreign Investment ICS 2002-2003 G2 N2 SMEs RPED L14 L25 SMEs BEEPS China 2003 G20 G21 G30 Bank Loans BEEPS Corruption BEEPS G21 J16 L26 Entrepreneurship WBES 1999 G21 G32 Foreign bank participation BEEPS 2004-2005 D21 O43 P31 Institutions BEEPs 1999 & 2000 H41 K2 K4 WBES, PICS FACS India 2002, 2005 ES 2000-2005 C81 D21 D73 Corruption ICS BEEPS BPS WBES, BEEPS WBES, BEEPS ICS D24 O14 O57 Manufacturing Firms ICS India 2003 D24 L5 L6 Productivity ICS India 2003 ES 2002 AAIES Ethiopia 1993 1995 ES ICS Russia ICS, 2005 BEEPs 2000 ES Bangladesh, Brazil, China, Honduras, India, Pakistan, Nicaragua, and Peru globalization BEEPS 2000 job creation ES Bangladesh 2004-2005 total factor productivity ICS Brazil tax evasion productivity ES 17 countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin America: Eritrea (2002), Ethiopia (2002), Kenya (2003), Nigeria (2000), Senegal (2003), Ta ICS Sri Lanka LAC 29 countries 1999 Private firms Russia WBES, PICS 2002-2003 competition law Poland WBES, PICS 2002-2003 Law and Development WBES 1999-2000 80 countries E60 H11 O11 Firm growth ICS Bangladesh, China, India, and Pakistan. Global Comprehensive after 2005 ES Central America E32 E52 F36, O54 dollarization Enterprise Surveys C39 D24 O31, O43 O12, O14, Productivity WBES 2002-2005 M41 F30 M10 G30, G31, Investment Efficiency Retail sector in India (2005) D25 L11 L81 Competition d database of 1569 sub-national regions from 110 countries covering 74 percent of the world’s surface and 96 percent of its GDP. We combine the ES Argentina ES Argentina and Peru ES Argentina and Peru ES Argentina and Peru ES India BEEPS 2009 ES Africa Informal ES Africa Informal Doing Business BEEPs 2002 & 2005 BEEPS 2009 ES Financial Crisis Survey ES Financial Crisis Survey WBES ES Financial Crisis Survey India Survey of Unorganized Manufacturing ES Financial Crisis Survey ES Afghanistan and Pakistan panel data WBES Corruption WBES E22 F23 G31 Investment WBES: References our data in general for firm size definitions G21 G30 Bank Financing WBES Global G2 G21 O16 Business Climate WBES F13 F14 F15 Export performance ES Turkey 2009 Obstacles to Growth BEEPS 2002, 2005, 2008 F12 F14 F16 Exporting WBES: Global (from 2002, using counries in 2006 & 2010) G10 G30 O16 Financial Development Retail sector in India (2005) J080 K31 L81 Labor regulation Data on 38 countries (various years) L51 O43 E02 Measurement of institutions China PICS 1998-2000 O15 J31 J24; D24 Productivity ICS China G21 G30 O16, O17 ES 90 Countries ES L5 O4 O12 Investment Climate ES Africa Keyword 2 Keyword 3 Comments Gender India Information India Institutions Firm size Employment Retailing Firm growth Financial Intermediation Gender Productivity Another version available here. Crime Africa Latin America Migration Productivity Firms Registration Firms Also available here. Entrepreneurship Firms Corruption Regulation Informal credit Russia; China Imports Innovation Labor demand Regulation Worker flows Innovation Regulation - Roads Firm entry India Access to credit Marginal product; Firm; China; Transition Firm size Regulations ies have undertaken a set of economic reforms, and have recorded growth rates in per capita GDP of around 5 percent over the past 10 years. But Bank lending; Corruption Eastern Europe and Central Asia Employment Business environment Ownership changes Technology spillovers Legal system small and medium enterprises Entrepreneurialism Economic transition Taxation Incorporation; Organizational form; Access to finance Credit markets Banking; Investment ; Transition countries Productivity; Manufacturing firms China Credit access foreign direct investment investment models Institutions Enterpise development financial obstacles Economic growth Capital structure; Security issuance; Small and medium-size enterprises Business climateAnother version available here. Information sharing Finance Financing patterns Another version available here. Property rights Regulations, Latin America, Manufacturing Competition false response, political freedom insider privatization Institutions International trade; Economic development; Manufacturing; Africa. auction theory infrastructure development; governance wage determination, unions, productivity, human capital employer-employee data productivity corruption, competition, property rights corruption public service provision, poverty reduction, Uganda Restructuring Timing and sequencing; China Export sub-Saharan Africa; Causation Bribes Ownership; Competition; Privatization Developing Countries Investment Climate Indicators Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs), profitability, concentration, spillovers, crowding-out, Business En transition economies firm investment climate level determinats of allocative efficiency, robust productivity impacts, cross country comparisons of demean TF Corruption Monopoly providers; Anticorruption agenda; Governance Investment Regulation Employment Human Capital, Taxes, Corruption competitiveness developing countries Governance Multinational corporation capture Russia finance Constraints on growth Corporate Exploitation State Intervention economic reformenergy political risk transition economies exit Africa & Research Economic TheorySystems & Infrastructure Foreign Direct Investment Corporate finance Firm size Unobserved heterogeneity Technology India Enterprise surveys Eastern Europe. Finance China restructuring ownership transition reforms productivity Transition Rule of Law Transition financial foreign direct investment constraints Exports Manufacturing productivity transition economies informality business environment exploratory data analysis data visualisations convergence market structure Labor Demand Labor Market Regulation Technology Exports Banks Equity Markets Networks Private Sector P Lending Decisions rivate Sector Financial Institutions Emerging Economies Gender Financial constraints Access to credit Small and medium-sized enterprises Enterprise behaviour Business environment nonresponse false response, political freedom productivity Investment Climate Economic Geography Business environment Economic Foreign Direct Investment Development job destruction transition production functions simultaneity and skilled labor equity markets Brazil manufacturing investment climate Corruption Crime; Sales growth; Bureaucratic interferences market economic development power rule-of-reason; development economics per se prohibitions Policy volatility Institutions b real exchange rateusiness cycle comovement, serial correlation common feature, boom-bust cycles, credit market imperfections, Cen Innovation technological capability, institutions, multilevel modeling. Financial Reporting Quality, Private Firms, Emerging Markets, Financing Sources, Tax Incentives Under- and Over-Investment Demographics Bank lending of its GDP. We combine the cross-regional analysis of geographic, institutional, cultural, and human capital determinants of regional development Infrastructure Investment Climate Taxation Informal Financing Trade policy Investment climate Firm Size Labor Regulations Firm Heterogeneity Access to Finance Structure of Fianncial Sector Computers Africa Another version available here. Firm perceptionsInstitutional arrangements Returns to education India Another version available here. Economic Growth and Productivity Development ver the past 10 years. But some constraints to growth persist. We look at three things — how business environments create 'external costs' for firm rowding-out, Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey (BEEPS) comparisons of demean TFP. market imperfections, Central America s of regional development with an examination of productivity in several thousand establishments located in these regions. To organize the discuss ments create 'external costs' for firms and inhibit performance, how investors perceive the constraints to doing business, and the role of political hese regions. To organize the discussion, we present a new model of regional development that introduces into a standard migration framework el ng business, and the role of political economy factors especially in those countries with lagging indigenous business sectors. Our analysis of invest a standard migration framework elements of both the Lucas (1978) model of the allocation of talent between entrepreneurship and work, and the iness sectors. Our analysis of investment climate and other data leads us to several recommendations for governments, donors and the private sec importance of hum entrepreneurship and work, and the Lucas (1988) model of human capital externalities. The evidence points to the paramount rnments, donors and the private sector itself, including the following: deepen macro reforms; build a strong, unified business forum; create incent importance of human capital in accounting for regional differences in development, but also suggests from model estimation and o the paramount nified business forum; create incentives for more responsive governments; and improve risk mitigation and broaden this to domestic investors. uggests from model estimation and calibration that entrepreneurial inputs and human capital externalities are essential for understanding the dat roaden this to domestic investors. essential for understanding the data.
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