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Gothic

VIEWS: 15 PAGES: 44

									                                        Gothic

• 12-13c.
•   First appeared in France (St.Denis) 1140
•   Paris becomes the center of western Christiandom
•   Renaissance term used by the Italians
•   Referring to the Goths barbaric style
•   Did not conform to the standards of the Ancient Greece and Rome
•   1. Abbot Suger – Benedictine monk
                     - regent of France under Louis VI and VII
                     - had sacred and secular power to spread Gothic style
                    - found spiritual inspiration in the gleaming objects of the church
                         ( fresco, stained glass, tapestries, sculptures , int. and ext.)
                    - in experiencing and contemplating their beauty one’ s spirit
                       could be risen to the realm of God
2. St. Bernard of Clairvaux - churches should reflect the meditative life of monks
                             - decoration should tell the stories of religious figures
                             - simple forms decorated with narrative
                             - opulent lighting
                             - faith was mystical and intuitive rather than rational

3. St. Francis of Assisi – bringing religion back to the cities
                          - church seen as a “city of God”, heavenly Jerusalem on earth
                          - cities began to grow around Romanesque pilgrimage
                                    churches
                         - with the growth of the cities was the growth of the church
                       Gothic Characteristics

•   Pointed arch – or round arch with pointed gable
•   Stained glass – light and iconography
•   Rib vault
•   Flying buttress
•   Elongated vertically
•   Tracery – pinnacles
•   Thinner windowed walls
•   Less sense of volume and space
•   Unity between interior and exterior in terms of space and décor
•   Forms appear and disappear from movement of light
•   Larger, deeper portals
•   Prevails in France but spreads to:
                - Italy – combined with Romanesque style, solid, strong
                - Germany – Ottonian based with later Flamboyant style
                - England – Perpendicular or “Tudor” style
 St. Denis
Early Gothic
Laon Cathedral
 Early Gothic
Notre Dame, Paris
  Early Gothic
Chartres Cathedral
 Early/HighGothic
Bourges Cathedral
   High Gothic
Amiens Cathedral
  High Gothic
Ste. Chapelle
 High Gothic
St. Martin, St. Jerome, St. Gregory
            High Gothic




•   Fuller relief
•   Turn in space, relate to one another
•   Individualism - face, gesture, robe, pose
•   Garment – soft, reveal bodies
The Visitation (and Annunciation from Reims Cathedral)
                  High Gothic
         Virgin of Paris
          Late Gothic



• Gothic S-curve
• Derived from S-curve of Praxiteles
• Formed by drapery and ornamentation
          not body
• Creates elegance
• Forced
• Gothic ornamentation:
            -hair and garment of Christ
            -crown of Virgin Mary
           Belleville Breviary
              Late Gothic
                Pucelle


• Ornamentation and tracery
• Free-flowing decoration, not confined,
     decoration in and around text
• More realism in figures and architecture
     instead of abstract motifs
• Books made for nobility not just church
• No longer made just by monks, but by
      professional illuminators belonging
      to guilds
St. Maclou
Late Gothic
Salisbury Cathedral
    Late Gothic
      England
“Tudor” or Perpendicular Style
           England
Chapel of Henry VII
   Westminster
Tomb of Edward the Black Prince
          Late Gothic
Death of the Virgin tympanum
         Late Gothic
Cologne Cathedral
   Late Gothic
    Germany
Cathedral of Florence
    Late Gothic
        Italy
Brunelleschi’s dome
Orvieto Cathedral
   Late Gothic
      Italy
Milan Cathedral
 Late Gothic
     Italy
Palazzo Pubblico (Siena, Italy)
         Late Gothic
Doge’s Palace
 Late Gothic

								
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