PINS FOR AUTOMOBILES by wuzhengqin

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									Micro, Small & Medium Enterprise
             (MSME)

           Project Profile
                On




     PINS FOR AUTOMOBILES




           Submitted By:-
              RAHUL
         MECHANICAL Deptt.
        KITM KURUKSHETRA
           PROJECT PROFILE: PINS FOR AUTOMOBILES


   A. Introduction
Automobile is an emerging sector in India. With the influx of multinationals like SUZUI,
HONDA,MAZDA, FORD,KAWASAKI, DAEWOO, MERCEDEZE, VESPA etc. in Indian
Automobile Industry, a floor of various vehicles i.e. cars, motorcycles, scooters, tractors, &
commercial vehicles with their different models and designs has come in the market.

The automobile manufacturers mostly manufacture major parts of the vehicles themselves
whereas various small & ancillary parts/components are procured from outside sources
including ancillary units. The production of all the parts and components by any automobile
manufacture may not be feasible and viable. It has been observed that a significant number of
pins of various designs/specifications are used in almost each and every model of vehicle right
from two wheelers to four wheelers and other special purpose/commercial vehicle. These pins
may be the hub pins, valve pins, shaft pins, gear pins, suspension system pins, transmission
system pins, cam pins, pump pins and gudgeon pins etc. The report deals with manufacture of
various kinds of automobile pins.


   B. Market Potential
With the significant use and production of various vehicle in the country including two
wheelers, four wheelers and commercial vehicles, the demand of various automobile
components and parts has remarkably increased both for captive and spares market. This has
further stepped up and is likely to grow. The demand of automobile components is directly
linked with the production, use and maintenance of the automobiles, may be it is a car, scooter,
jeep tractor or any other commercial vehicles. In view of the above there is a good market
demand for OEM and replacement market throughout the country besides export as the pins
are regularly prove to wear and tear due to their extensive use.

   C. PRODUCTION TARGET (PER ANNUM )

The project profile envisages the manufacture of following items :-

a. Gudgeon pins for scooter, M/cycle Moped & three wheelers – 200000 Nos.
b. Engine pins like case shaft pins, valve, pump slip and gear pins – 400000 Nos.
c. Two wheeler/four wheeler & commercial pins like hub , gear, tie rod, shaft, valve pins etc. –
200000 Nos.
d. Gudgeon pins for four wheelers & commercial vehicles – 100000 Nos.
   D. BASIC & PRESUMPTIONS:

1. This project profile is based on 6 working hours in a day and 25 days in a month and the
break even efficiency has been calculated on 75% capacity utilization basis.
2. The normal wages and salaries being paid in the industry to various grades of personnel
have been considered and also the provision of minimum wages has been taken into care.
3. The rate of interest both for fixed and working capital has been taken as 10% p.a.


   E. Implementation Schedule:

       S.                                                Approximate Period
             Name of activity
       No.                                               required
       1     Market Survey                               10-30 days
       2     Procurement of know how / experts           20 to 30 days
       3     Preparation of project report.              15 days
       4     Registration & finance                      45 to 60 days
       5     Recruitment of personnel & training         -do-
             Procurement of machines, equipments and
       6                                                 60 to 90 days
             other inputs
       7     Commissioning of plant / project            30 days.
             Procurement of raw materials,
       8                                                 30 to 45 days
             consumables, packing materials etc.
       9     Trial production / commercial production    7 to 15 days.




   F. Technical Aspects:

       The production of auto pins involve various operations such as tunning on auto/Colette
       lathe of drawn wire / rod Hardening, tempering, centreless grinding and testing.
         In few designs the work of milling machinery may also be involved. This process is
       carried out before carrying out heat treatment of the pins. The following IS
       Specifications have been laid down by BIS for manufacturers of automobile pins.
       Besides this the designs/ specifications and other technical requirements have been also
       specified by the concerned automobile manufacturers for which the pins are to be
       produced. These specifications should be followed for manufacturing good quality
       products
The list of IS specifications is given below :-

i) IS : 6740 – Gudgeon pins for IC Engines.
ii) IS : 6763 – Specification & testing of fifth wheel king pins for trailors.
iii) IS: 2393 – Cylindrical pins.
iv) IS : 6689 – Cylindrical pins hardened.
v) IS : 11952 – Steel for gudgeon pins.

This profile envisages production of 9000000 Nos. of auto pins of assorted sizes for various
applications of different vehicles per annum . The motive power required for the project will
be to the tune of about 45 KW.


   G. FINANCIAL ASPECTS:

             1. Fixed Capital                          Rs. in lacs
             i) Land & Building
             ) Land : 500 Sq. Meter
                                                       5.0 lacs
             @ Rs. 1000/- per Sq. Mtr.
             b) Building x. Covered Area 300 Sq, Meter
             y. Un covered area 200 sq. meter


              Covered Area
             RCC/Brick Work
             a) Office block 40 Sq. meter
             b) Testing 60 Sq, Meter
             finished goods store, time office
             100Sq,Meter                                    3.0 lacs
             Guard Room Total RCC-Brick
             construction 100 Sq, Meter
             @ 3000/- Sq. Meter

Work shed with brick work and cement corrugated sheets

             a. Workshop for H. Treatment Section           70 Sq. Mtr
             b. Workshop for production section             100 sq, meter
             Total Area                                     170 Sq. Meter
             @ Rs. 2000/- per sq. meter                     3.4 lac
             Boundry wall & gate etc                        0.6 lac
             Total                                          7.0 lacs
             Grand Total                                    12.0 lacs
H. MACHINERY & EQUIPMENTS

  S No DESCRIPTION OF MACHINERY                     NOS   AMOUNT in Rs.
       Bull Bocl type Bar drawing machine
  1    cap. 40 mm complete with 5 HP motor,          1    100000/-
       Gear Box accessories and electricals
       Centreless grinding machine cap 3-50
  2    mm die complete with 3 HP motor               1    200000/-
       electricals and accessories.
       Duplex grinding machine max. size
  3    150mm Complete with 3 HP motor                1    750000/-
       electricals and accessories
       Automatic lathe single spindle with
       multi functions 40mm max dia complete
  4                                                  1    175000/-
       with 3 HP motor electricals &
       accessories.
       Automatic lathe single spindle with
       multifunctions, 25mm max dia complete
  5                                                  1    280000/-
       with 2.5 HP motor & electrical
       accessories.
       Med duty milling machine horizontal
       type working surface 500X 150mm,
  6    longitudinal traverse 330mm cross             1    75000/-
       traverse 340mm with 2 HP motor
       electrical accessories
       Lathe machine light duty collate/ adda
       type size 50 mm centre to centre 300
  7                                                  2    50000/-
       mm complete with 1 HP motor
       electricals and accessories
       Salt bath furnace oil fired pot size 18” X
  8    24” complete with attachments and             1    100000/-
       accessories
       Circulation furnace chamber size
       1000mm X 400mm 15 KW cap with
  9                                                  1    125000/-
       complete with tem controller indicator
       electrical & accessories
       Washing machine tank size 900mm X
       400mm complete with 2 HP motor,
  10                                                 1    25000/-
       water pump pipe line electricals &
       accessories
  11 Wire painting machine max size 40mm             1    20000
       2 HP motorized
       O.E. Bench grinder 200mm wheel dia 1
12                                                 1     4000
       HP motorized
       Bench drilling machine ¾” cap 1.5 HP
13                                                 1     6000
       Motirised
       Tool Brazing equipment with
14                                                 1     1500
       accessories
       Chain Pulley block with overhead
15                                                 1     20000
       railing system
       Centre lathe med duty centre to centre
16     distance 1000mm centre ht 230mm 2           1     75000
       HP motorized with elect. & accessories
B      Testing Unit
a      Rockwell hardness testing machine           1     20000
b      Strohlens apparatus with accessories        1     20000
c      Metallurgical microscope mag. X 50          1     30000
       Glass apparatus with small myffle
d                                                  1     10000
       furnace 300 mmx 250mm and Not plate
e      Portable ultraround testing                 1     70000
f      Polishing machine with 1.5 HP motor         1     25000
g      Measuring instruments & gauges etc. .      LS     20000
h      Pollution instruments and gauges etc
i)     Electrification and installation charges          152000
       Cost of office equipments work benches
ii)                                                      25000
       and furniture etc.
iii)   Cost of fixture jigs and dies etc.                50000
                                                 Total : 16,01 , 500/-
                                 Preoperative expenses : 25000/-
                                         Grand Total : 16,26,500/-
WORKING CAPITAL (Per month).
Salary & Wages (per month)

       S. No. Designation            No.            TOTAL COST
       1      Manager (Technical)    1              12000/-
              Supervisor (Production
       2                             2              12000/-
              /QC) 2
       3      Salesman               2              8000/-
              Accountant/Commercial
       4                             1              4000/-
              Assistance
       5      Clerk                  1              3000/-
       6      Peon / Chowkidar       1              2000/-
       7      Sweeper                1              2000/-
       8      Skilled Workers        10             40000/-
       9      Helpers                5              10000/-
                                     Total          92000/-
                                     Perks @ 15%    14000/-
                                     Grand Total    106000/-
Utilisation (per month)

           1     Power – 5500KWH @ 4/- KW Rs.       22000/-
           2     Water 500 KL @ 2/-KL Rs.           1000/-
           3     LDO Rs.                            6000/-
                                          Total :   29000/-

Other Expenses (per month)

           1     Postage Stationery & Telephone     2000/-
           2     Comsumables                        3000/-
           3     Repair & Maintenance               2000/-
           4     Transportation & T.E..             3000/-
           5     Advt. & Publicity                  2000/-
           6     Insurances                         600/-
           7     Sales Expenses                     4000/-
           8     Misc Expenses                      2000/-
                                           TOTAL:   18600/-
Total Recurrint Expediture (Per month)

           1    Raw Materials                      395000/-
           2    Staff & Labour                     106000/-
           3    Utilities                          29 000/-
           4    Other expenses                     18600/-
                                           TOTAL : 548600/-

Total Capital Investment

           1   Land & Building                     1200000/-
           2   Plant & Machinery                   1626500/-
           3   Working Capital                     1097200/-
                                          TOTAL : 1097200/-
                                 WC for 2 months = 3923700/-

Annual Cost Of Production (P.A.)

           1   Recurring Cost                             6583200/-
           2   Depreciation on Bldg@ 05%                  35000/-
           3   Depreciation Machinery@10%                 53000/-
           4   Depreciation on furniture@20%              15000/-
           5   Interest @ 10@ on Capital Investment       392370/-
               TOTAL                                      7178570/-
               Or say                                     7179000/-

Turnover (per annum)

                Sale of Gudgeon for various vehicles
           1                                               1800000/-
                2 lac @ 9/- each
           2    Engine Pins 4 lacs @ Rs. 9/- each          3600000/-
                Other pins like gear , tie rod, colter,
           3                                               1800000/-
                valve & hub pins 2lac @ Rs. 9/- each
                Gudgeon pins for 4 wheelers/Comml
           4                                               1100000/-
                vehicle 1 lac @ 11/- each
           5    Scrap 1 Ton @ 10000/- Ton                  10000/-
                TOTAL                                      8300000/-
NET PROFIT PER YEAR              Rs. 1121000/-

PERCENTAGE OF PROFITE
    %Age of Profit on Sales       =13.5%
    % age of profit on investment = 28.56%

BREAK EVEN POINT            =    54.2 %


NAMES & ADDRESSES OF MACHINE SUPPLIERS

1. International Machine Tools, 5, Bank Street, Fort, Mumbai
2. Batliboi & Co (P) Ltd., Maharani Road, Indore
3. Atlas Works (P) Ltd., Kolkata
4. Gujarat Small Industries Corporation Ltd., Ahmedabad

NAME & ADDRESS OF RAW MATERIAL SUPPLIERS

1. Steel Authority of India Ltd (Local Depot)

								
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