a Healthy Pregnancy

Document Sample
a Healthy Pregnancy Powered By Docstoc
					a Healthy Pregnancy

If you've decided to have a baby, the most important thing is that you
care a lot, so that both you and the baby are healthy in the future.
Girls who receive proper care and take the right decisions are highly
likely to have healthy babies.Prenatal CareIf you discover you are
pregnant, see a doctor as soon as possible to begin receiving prenatal
care (care during pregnancy). The sooner you begin receiving medical
care, the better the chances that both you and your baby are healthy in
the future.If you can not afford to visit a doctor or pay for the
consultation in a clinic for prenatal care, social service organizations
exist that can help. Ask your parents, school counselor or another
trusted adult to help you find resources in your community.During the
first consultation, the doctor will make a lot of questions, such as date
of your last period. In this way, you can calculate how long have you
been pregnant and what date you expect your baby.Doctors estimate the
duration of pregnancy in weeks. The due date is estimated, but the
majority of babies born between 38 and 42 weeks after the first day of
last menstrual period of women, or between 36 and 38 weeks after
conception (when the sperm fertilizes the egg). Only a small percentage
of women giving birth at the estimated delivery date.The pregnancy is
divided into three phases, or quarters. The first quarter runs from
conception to end of week 13. The second is from week 14 to 26. The
third, from week 27 until the end of pregnancy.The doctor will examine
you and perform a pelvic exam. The doctor will also order blood tests,
urine tests and tests to check for sexually transmitted diseases (STD by
its acronym in English), including an HIV test, an increasingly common
condition in adolescents. (Because some STDs can cause serious health
problems in newborns, it is important to get appropriate treatment to
protect the baby.)The doctor will explain what are the physical and
emotional changes that are likely to experience during pregnancy. We also
learn to recognize the symptoms of possible problems (complications)
during pregnancy. This is essential, because teenagers are at greater
risk of crossing certain complications such as anemia or hypertension,
and give birth before the expected date (premature labor).Your doctor
will want to start taking prenatal vitamins containing folic acid,
calcium and iron away. Your doctor may prescribe vitamins or can
recommend a brand you can buy without a prescription. These minerals and
vitamins help to ensure the good health of baby and mother, and avoid
certain birth defects.Ideally, you should visit your doctor once a month
during the first 28 weeks of pregnancy. Then you should visit every 2
weeks until week 36 and weekly thereafter until delivery. If you have a
disease like diabetes, which requires careful monitoring during
pregnancy, it is likely that your doctor wants to see you more
often.During consultations, your doctor will monitor your weight, blood
pressure and urine, in addition to measuring your belly to go record the
baby's growth. When the baby's heartbeat can be heard with a special
device, the doctor will listen to every time you visit. It is likely that
your doctor will also indicate other tests during pregnancy, such as an
ultrasound to make sure the baby is in perfect condition.Also part of
prenatal care to attend classes where women who are expecting a baby
learning how to have a healthy pregnancy and delivery, as well as what
are the basic care for the newborn. It is likely that these classes are
conducted in hospitals, medical centers, schools and universities in your
area.If adults can be difficult to talk to your doctor about your own
body, this is even more difficult for adolescents. The role of your
doctor is to help you enjoy a healthy pregnancy and have a healthy
baby... and it is likely that there is nothing that a pregnant woman has
not told. So do not be afraid to ask about everything you need to
know.Always be honest when your doctor will ask questions, even if they
are embarrassing. Many of the issues that your doctor wants you to cover
could affect the health of your baby. Think of your doctor as someone who
is not only a resource but also a friend you can trust to talk about what
is happening to you.What changes can you expect in your bodyPregnancy
creates many physical changes. Here are some of the most common:Growth of
breastsThe increase in breast size is one of the first signs of pregnancy
and the breasts may continue to grow throughout pregnancy. It is possible
to increase several sizes of support during the course of pregnancy.Skin
changesDo not be surprised if people's comments that your skin looks
"glowing" when you're pregnant: pregnancy produces an increased blood
volume, which can make your cheeks are a little more pink than usual. In
addition, hormonal changes increase the secretion of the sebaceous
glands, so that your skin may look brighter. For the same reason, acne is
also common during pregnancy.Among other changes that pregnancy hormones
generated in the skin are yellowish or brownish spots that appear on the
face, which are called melasma, and a dark stripe running from the navel
to the pubis, which known as linea nigra.Also, moles or freckles that you
had before pregnancy may increase in size or become darker. Even the
areola, the area around the nipple becomes darker. Stretch marks may also
occur (thin lines of pink or purple) in the abdomen, breasts or
thighs.Except for the darkening of the areola, which is usually
permanent, these skin changes will disappear after delivery.Mood swingsIt
is very common to experience mood swings during pregnancy. Some girls may
suffer from depression during pregnancy or after childbirth. If you have
symptoms of depression such as sadness, changes in sleep patterns,
desires to hurt yourself or negative feelings about yourself or your
life, ask your doctor for advice about starting your treatment.Pregnancy
DiscomfortsPregnancy can cause some unpleasant side effects. Among such
disorders, include the following:nausea and vomiting, especially during
the first months of pregnancy;
 leg swelling;
 varicose veins in the legs and the area around the vaginal opening;
 heartburn and constipation;
 back pain;
 fatigue and
 sleeping problems.If you suffer from one or more of these side effects,
remember that you are not alone. Ask your doctor for advice on how to
handle these common problems.If you are pregnant and have bleeding or
pain, contact your doctor right away, even if you decided to terminate
your pregnancy.What you should avoidIf you smoke, drink alcohol or use
drugs during pregnancy, both you and your baby are at risk for serious
problems.AlcoholAt present, doctors believe it is not advisable to drink
a drop of alcohol during pregnancy. If you drink alcoholic beverages can
damage the developing fetus and the baby is at risk for birth defects and
mental problems.SmokeSmoking during pregnancy carries some of the
following risks: the birth of a dead fetus (when a baby dies inside the
womb), low birth weight (which increases the possibility that the baby
has health problems), infants infants (babies born before 37 weeks)
syndrome and sudden infant death (SIDS for its acronym in English). SIDS
is the sudden death for no apparent reason, a baby under one
year.DrugsIllegal drugs such as cocaine or marijuana during pregnancy may
cause abortions, premature births and other health problems. In addition,
babies can be born with an addiction to certain drugs.If you have trouble
quitting smoking, drinking alcohol or using drugs, ask your doctor to
help you. Consult your doctor before taking any medication during
pregnancy. This includes medicines sold over the counter, prepared herbal
supplements and vitamins.Unsafe SexTalk to your doctor about sex during
pregnancy. If your doctor allows you to have sex during pregnancy, you
should use a condom to avoid contracting a sexually transmitted disease
(STD in English). Because some STDs can cause blindness, pneumonia or
meningitis in the newborn, it is important for you to protect yourself
and protect the baby.How to take care during pregnancyFeedingMany young
people are concerned by the appearance of your body and fear of weight
gain during pregnancy. But this is not the time to cut calories or go on
a diet because you are feeding two people. Both you and your baby need
certain nutrients for the baby to grow properly. If you eat a variety of
healthy foods, drink enough water and you reduce the junk food, high fat,
help to both you and the baby are healthy and growing.Doctors generally
recommend adding about 300 calories a day to the diet, so as to provide
the baby with adequate nutrition growth. According to the weight you had
before becoming pregnant, you should gain between 11 and 15 kilos (25 to
35 pounds) during pregnancy, mostly during the last 6 months. Your doctor
will advise you about this depending on your particular situation.Eat
more fiber from -25 to 30 grams daily, and drinking enough water can help
prevent common problems such as constipation. Fruits and vegetables and
whole grain breads, cereals or whole wheat muffins are good sources of
fiber.It is necessary that you avoid some foods and beverages during
pregnancy, such as:some types of fish such as swordfish, canned tuna and
other fish that may have a high content of mercury (your doctor can help
you decide which fish to eat);
 foods containing raw eggs, such as mousse or salad type "Caesar";
 raw meat, fish or just cooked;
 processed meats such as sausages or cold cuts;
 Unpasteurized soft cheeses such as feta, brie, blue or goat, and
 milk, unpasteurized juice or cider.It is also desirable to limit the
consumption of artificial sweeteners and caffeine and artificial
Exercising during pregnancy is good for your health when you have no
complications with the pregnancy and choose appropriate activities.
Doctors generally recommend low-impact activities such as walking,
swimming and yoga. In general, you should avoid contact sports and high
impact aerobic activities that pose a higher risk of injury. It is also
not recommended to do a job that involves heavy lifting for women during
pregnancy. Talk to your doctor if you have questions about what kind of
exercises are safe for you and your baby.Sleep
It is important to get plenty of rest during pregnancy. During the first
months of pregnancy, trying to acquire the habit of sleeping on your
side. As pregnancy progresses, lying on your side, knees bent, will be
the most comfortable position. It will facilitate the functioning of the
heart, since the baby's weight will not exert any pressure on the vein
that carries blood from the feet and legs back to the heart.Some doctors
specifically recommend that pregnant girls should sleep on his left side.
Because some of the major blood vessels are in the right side of the
abdomen, lying on the left side helps keep the uterus puts pressure on
them. Ask your doctor what your recommendation. In most cases, the trick
is to lie on either side, to reduce pressure on the back.Throughout the
pregnancy, but particularly in the later stages, it is likely that you
wake up frequently at night to go to the bathroom. While it is important
to drink plenty of water during pregnancy, try to drink more during the
day instead of night. Go to the bathroom before bed. As the pregnancy
progresses, you might be hard to find a comfortable position in bed. You
can try placing pillows around and under the stomach, back or legs to
feel more comfortable.Stress can also affect sleep. Perhaps you're
concerned about the health of the baby, birth, or how it will play this
new role of mother. All these feelings are normal, but can produce
insomnia. Talk to your doctor if you have trouble sleeping during
pregnancy.Emotional Health
It is common for pregnant adolescents experience a variety of emotions
such as fear, anger, guilt, confusion and sadness. Maybe you take some
time to adjust to the fact that you are having a baby. It means a huge
change and it is natural for pregnant teens wonder if they are ready for
the responsibilities involved in becoming mothers.The feelings of a young
often depend on how much support received by the baby's father, his
family (and family of the baby's father) and his friends. The situation
of each youth is different. Depending on your situation, you may need to
seek more support for people who are not part of your family. It is
important to talk with people who can support you, guide you and help you
share and sort out your feelings. Your school counselor or nurse can
guide you to find the resources offered to help your community.In some
cases, teenage pregnancies and spontaneous abortions have lost the baby.
This can be very sad and difficult to overcome for some, but to others it
causes a feeling of relief. It is important to talk about these feelings
and receive support from friends and family, if this is not possible, go
to counselors or teachers.The school and the future
Some girls plan to raise her baby by themselves. Sometimes grandparents
or other family members help them. Some young people choose to deliver
her baby for adoption. These difficult decisions involve a great deal of
courage and concern for the baby.Young women who have completed high
school will have greater chances of getting a good job and enjoy a more
successful life. As far as possible, you should finish high school now
instead of trying to go back to school later. Ask your school counselor
or a trusted adult that you provide information about what programs and
classes offered in the community for pregnant teens.Some communities have
support groups especially devoted to teen parents. In some schools, no
childcare. Perhaps a member of your family or a friend can take the baby
while you're at school.You can learn more about what happens when you
mother if you read books, attend classes or consultations reliable
websites on parenting. Your pediatrician, your parents, your family
members and other adults can guide you when you're pregnant and when you
become a mother.

Shared By:
Description: The Benefits of Being Skin to Skin You've probably heard of "kangaroo care" for premature babies. You hold tiny babies against your skin to help them grow and develop. But did you know that skin to skin contact benefits babies of all ages? Even your healthy newborn will benefit from kangaroo care!Improving Your Baby's HealthLittle ones are very immature in many ways. Their temperature regulation isn't great, which is why it's so important to keep babies warm. They don't breathe completely regularly yet. A newborn's nervous system is still developing.Luckily, all of these things are helped by keeping your little one skin-to-skin. Your own temperature and breathing actually help your baby to regulate his or hers! As your little one is against your skin, he or she will feel you breathe. This has been proven to help a baby modify his or her own breathing pattern to match yours. Babies who sleep in their parent's arms and on their chests actually begin to breathe along with them.The same is true with temperature. Your baby's temperature will fluctuate up and down with the weather far more easily than yours. This is why premature babies have such a hard time and need to be in a warming cradle. It's also why doctors put even full-term newborns into a warming cradle.A healthy, full-term baby doesn't need this treatment, however. If you put your newborn or older baby on your chest skin to skin, then cover both of you with a blanket your baby will be nice and warm. Your temperature helps your baby's body reach the correct temperature and stay there.Your baby's nervous system is also soothed and regulated by being close to you. Immature pathways begin to mature and impulses start to fire in predictable ways when your baby feels secure and takes his or her cues from your own body.Increased BondingIn addition to the health benefits your baby receives from being close to you, you will also increase your bond with your baby. Babies have been cradled in the womb for nine months. T