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					Issue 2009-01     728-602 West Hastings Street, Vancouver BC V6B 1P2       Tel 604.633.2506 Fax 604.633.2507   www.endingviolence.org

                                                                                                   One of the most memorable
On April 6-8, 2009, the Bella Coola Community      worked in hands-on care, so this job is         outcomes of this year’s
Support Centre will host “Dancing in the Light”,   entirely new to me but very rewarding.”
                                                                                                   Annual General Meeting was
a conference to raise awareness about sexual
                                                                                                   the decision to change the
abuse. STV Outreach worker Melinda Mack            What prompted you to
                                                   organize this conference?                       Association’s name from the BC
explains how the idea for a conference came
                                                   Last May, Jeanette Apps, Cynthia                Association of Specialized Victim
about and what participants can expect.
                                                   Pootlass and I attended the National            Assistance and Counselling
Melinda came to the Bella Coola
                                                   Indigenous Sexual Abuse Conference in           Programs (BCASVACP) to the
Community Support society in May 2008
                                                   Edmonton. It was a great experience and         Ending Violence Association
after working at the local hospital for
                                                   I knew right away that we needed to             of British Columbia (EVA BC).
nearly 18 years. In September 2008,
                                                   bring the idea home to Bella Coola. By          We are thrilled with our new
Jeanette Apps joined the team as an
                                                   hosting “Dancing in the Light” in our           name, catchy new acronym
Aboriginal worker. “Jeanette is my right
                                                   community, we’ll be making the experience       and snazzy new logo and
hand woman,” says Melinda. “She
                                                   accessible to a broader audience.
remembers what I forget! I have always                                                             hope you will be too!
                                                                             continued page 3
                                                                                                   We do not anticipate any
                                                                                                   changes to our web address
                                                                                                   or listservs. Nearly all staff
                                                                                                   email addresses will remain
                                                                                                   unchanged, with the exception
                                                                                                   of our Office Manager, Habiba
                                                                                                   Rashid, who can now be reached
                                                                                                   at evabc@endingviolence.org.
                                                                                                   Please help us during this
                                                                                                   exciting transition period by
                                                                                                   updating your address books
Front row (l to r): Jeanette Apps, Melinda Mack and Fawn Blake. Back row (l to r):                 and web links to reflect our
Catherine Winning, Teresa McCausland, Mary Ehrlich and Roxanne Burnette.                           new identity.
(Source: Melinda Mack)

I N S I D E                 T H I S                I S S U E
Focus: Courtenay’s Domestic Violence Unit ..........................................................................p. 7
The Jorney to a Sexual Assault Protocol in Smithers ..........................................................p. 9
Changes to Legal Services Society Services..........................................................................p. 14
                         E V A        B C       N E W S L E T T E R                /    S P R I N G            2 0 0 9

                                                        Message from the Executive Director
                                                        As this issue goes to press, we are facing a barrage of media reports on escalating
Ending Violence Association                             gang violence in BC and across Canada. Statistics Canada’s most recent Homicide
of British Columbia (EVA BC)                            in Canada report does indeed confirm a steady rise in gang violence in the last
                                                        decade. In 2007, police reported 117 gang-related homicides across the country—
     728-602 West Hastings Street
                                                        about one in every five homicides committed and a 16% increase from 2006.
        Vancouver, BC V6B 1P2
         Phone: 604-633-2506                            Many of you are probably wondering: how does violence against women fit into
           Fax: 604-633-2507                            this picture? In 2007, police reported 136 family homicides in Canada, nearly half
       Toll-free (members only):                        of which were between legal, common-law, separated or divorced spouses. Women
             1-877-633-2505                             were victims in almost 80% of these spousal homicide cases.
      evabc@endingviolence.org                          So while the spotlight focuses on gang violence, we must ensure that policymakers
       www.endingviolence.org                           do not lose sight of the dire need for action in the area of violence against women
                                                        and children. Between 1997 and 2005, there were 107 spousal and intimate
                      Editor                            relationship homicides in BC alone! Invisible in these femicide studies are the
                 Sheena Starky                          number of domestic violence-related suicides, deaths of children and deaths of
                                                        other bystanders. As a result, the number of deaths related to domestic violence is
             Layout and Design                          likely far higher than what is currently being reported.
                Britt Permien                           And, in addition to the deaths, the devastating, often life-long effects that sexual assault,
                                                        child sexual abuse and violence in relationships leave behind are also often overlooked.
               Contributors                             Statistics cannot begin to account for the devastating impacts of violence against
    EVA BC and CCWS staff, Bally Bassi,
                                                        women and their children. They can, however, focus attention on the fact that
   Gloria Miller, Karen Spears, Alison Ward
                                                        women and their children continue to be at risk in our province—something our
             and Maggie Ziegler.
                                                        policymakers and the public at large need to understand. Like you, we continue
                                                        to do everything we can to make this message heard.
This newsletter is published three times per year and
provided free of charge to EVA BC members. The          In our most recent semi-annual report to the Ministry of Housing and Social
views expressed by newsletter contributors do not       Development, EVA BC highlighted gang violence and organized crime as one of
necessarily reflect those of the EVA BC Board and/or    five key emerging trends affecting anti-violence programs across BC. This issue
staff. Submit your ideas, articles and photos for       is not separate from violence against women but highly related. Our member
future newsletters to starky@endingviolence.org.
                                                        programs have indicated that this type of violence is affecting both the needs
                                                        of the women you serve and the safety of anti-violence workers as well. In the
   EVA BC core services are supported by the            coming months, we will be working closely with our Ministry contacts to identify
Ministry of Housing and Social Development,             solutions to this and other issues, including the need to increase supports to
the Ministry of Public Safety and Solicitor General
                                                        programs, as identified through our annual conference calls and our day-to-day
  and the Vancouver Coastal Health Authority.
                                                        communications with communities across the province.
                                                        Our heartfelt thanks for your continued dedication to keeping women and their
     Charitable # 13926 5821 RR0001
                                                        children safe across BC.

                                                        With respect,Tracy Porteous

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                                                                                                                       continued from page 1
I have seen sexual abuse repeated in my community, generation      Who is your audience?
after generation. We need to change the way women—and              The conference is aimed at people of all ages and all walks of
men—think about this issue. As a survivor, I know firsthand        life across the province. We’ve heard back from STV Outreach
that dealing with the abuse is the only way to grow. Someone       workers and other colleagues in Kitimat, Vancouver, Bella Bella
asked me if Bella Coola is ready for this. My response? I am not   and Anahim Lake. I am confident that more and more people
waiting another generation; too many generations have gone by.     will register as we get closer to the conference.
                                                                   We’ve also been contacting reserves up and down the coast to
What have you found most rewarding about
planning the conference so far?                                    get the word out. I would love to see people from the reserve
Confirming Susan Aglukark as a presenter was definitely a          attend and it would be nice to see some elders come out, but sexual
highlight. In addition to being a respected singer/songwriter      abuse is a very sensitive subject in our community. The conference
and motivational speaker, she is my personal role model.           is just a start, but it’s a good place to begin our healing.
Getting her to come to Bella Coola was a long shot and a lot
                                                                   What are you hoping to achieve?
of people didn’t think it would happen. If you really want
                                                                   Ultimately, we want everyone in the community—from victim
something, you have to go for it and never give up! I knew we
                                                                   services and the RCMP to hospital staff and band members—
could pull it off!
                                                                   to be working together to keep people safe. The sexual assault
What can conference participants expect?                           protocol we’re in the process of developing is definitely a step in
In addition to Susan Aglukark, we have confirmed several           the right direction. We really need people to step up, take
other exciting presenters:                                         responsibility and say, “We won’t accept sexual abuse anymore.”

• Linda Halliday Sumner is a survivor with experience working      Will the conference be an annual event?
  in rural and isolated communities. She has published more        It’s a time-consuming process, so maybe every few years
  than 20 books, manuals and booklets on sexual abuse.             instead! I’m hoping that the conference will become part of a
• Winner of the “Courage to Come Back Award” and soon-to-          broader, more integrated response to sexual abuse that includes
  be author of a book entitled “Changes”, Marlene Swift            some sort of community network to help people in crisis.
  works closely with the Prince Rupert RCMP to help victims        When it comes to child sexual abuse in particular, the Little
  of sexual assault and domestic violence.                         Warriors organization in Edmonton is one of our inspirations.
• The Street Spirits Theatre Company uses interactive              It’s a charitable organization that teaches adults how to prevent,
  performances to raise awareness of, and generate solutions       recognize and respond to the sexual abuse of children.
  for, community concerns among audience participants.
Gail Edinger (Community Coordination for Women’s Safety),
                                                                   I want to learn more!
                                                                   Visit www.nuxalknation.org/content/blogcategory/66/169
Ninu Kang (MOSAIC) and Morgan Baldwin (independent
                                                                   for the latest conference updates and to download a registration
trainer/consultant) will co-facilitate workshops on supporting
                                                                   form. If you are interested in volunteering, contact Melinda
family and friends who disclose sexual abuse and coordinating
                                                                   at 250-799-5916 or 250-799-5588 or by email at
support for sexual assault survivors.
Arnold Guerinm, from the Musquem Indian band, and Rick
Greenwood, a former member of the Bella Coola RCMP                 Registration fees
Detachment, will be attending from the Canadian Police Centre      Standard rate ..................$200
for Missing and Exploited Children. Constable Brent Harris         Elders (60 years+) ........$150
from the Bella Coola RCMP detachment will also be on               Students ..........................$100
hand to provide information and answer questions related to
the criminal justice system and law enforcement as it relates to
sexual assault investigations.

                                                            PAGE 3
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On November 24-25, 2008, the Hope & Area Transition Society              violence, rape and child abuse are typically viewed as women’s
hosted a lecture series by Jackson Katz. This well-known international   issues and will continue to be downplayed by society unless men
activist spoke with passion and conviction on the need to end men’s      begin speaking up and taking ownership.
violence against women. For many residents and guests in the audience,
the reality he presented was a difficult pill to swallow.                Standing up against violence against women
                                                                         Mr. Katz spoke about the important role of the “bystander” in
                                                                         changing social norms. He asked men if—knowing what they
                                                                         know now—they can continue watching oppression as
                                                                         bystanders. He challenged them to stand up and speak out
                                                                         against injustice, sexism, inequality, racism, violence and abuse.
                                                                         Recognizing that we cannot expect young men to fully appreciate
                                                                         decades of colonialism, patriarchy and oppression, he
                                                                         encouraged men with status and influence in their communi-
                                                                         ties to be strong educators and role models.
                                                                         Even with these efforts, women- and community-serving
                                                                         organizations will continue to run “triage”, supporting women
                                                                         who have experienced violence. Focusing energy and resources
                                                                         on dealing with the impact of violence leaves little in the way
                                                                         for prevention. Protection is left in the hands of women, when
(l to r): Debbie Pauls, Wendy Coleman, Gerry Dyble, Gloria               we need to place responsibility for prevention in the minds and
Miller, Jackson Katz, Lisa Friesen, Jim Delnea and Megan Bisky.          hands of men.
(Source: Gloria Miller)
                                                                         Though graphic and revealing, Mr. Katz’s presentations were
A tough reality                                                          not intended to scare the audience. Instead, they were meant to
In three dynamic presentations featuring clips from his videos           debunk prevailing notions: “it’s not that bad”, “it’s not happening
“Wrestling with Manhood” and “Tough Guise”, Mr. Katz                     in my community”, “we can’t do anything about it” or “our
presented the harsh facts about men’s violence against women.            service agencies can take care of it”. It’s here, it’s now, it’s been
Young men finishing their education and preparing to enter               around too long and men must join with women to take a stand
new roles were given a serious wake-up call about the number             and turn the tide today.
of violent incidents they will encounter outside the walls of their
schools. Adult men in the audience learned the sad facts about           I want to learn more!
the experiences of their female partners, friends and family             Find out more about Jackson Katz at www.jacksonkatz.com or
members and the challenges their daughters will face as they             purchase his videos online at www.mediaed.org.
enter post-secondary education, pursue careers in the community
and develop their own families.
We were reminded that de-gendered reports mask the real facts.
Mr. Katz acknowledged that women are also capable of
violence, but noted that statistics show that men and boys
perpetrate most assaults on women and children. Domestic

                                                                  PAGE 4
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Excerpted from the Dual Arrest in Cases of Relationship                  Existing policies
Violence Backgrounder prepared by the Community Coordination                        [The policies’] specific application to
for Women’s Safety Program.                                                         spousal abuse cases played a pivotal
Over the past two years, CCWS and EVA BC have received                              role in helping to make the critical
numerous       reports      from     communities       expressing                   distinction between the criminal justice
concern about cases involving the arrest of both parties in                         system’s treatment of spousal abuse as
relationship violence situations. They report that women are                        a “criminal matter” and its historical
being arrested even when there is evidence of a history of                          treatment of spousal abuse as a “private
violence by their male partners. Frontline anti-violence workers                    matter”. (Ad Hoc Federal-Provincial-
are hearing comments from police such as “This is part of our                       Territorial Working Group Reviewing
‘zero tolerance’ policy,” or “We’ll let Crown sort it out.”                         Spousal      Abuse     Policies     and
                                                                                    Legislation, 2003)
In the vast majority of cases of relationship violence, there is one
primary aggressor, and in heterosexual relationships this is             There are policies in BC that apply to situations of dual
almost always the male partner. However, when police attend at           arrest. These policies are often described as “pro-charging”
a scene of relationship violence, circumstances can be difficult to      policies; nonetheless, they are, in fact, the applicable
analyze. It can be difficult to tell whether or not there was physical   standards for all criminal conduct.
violence or threats of violence; it can be difficult to tell which
                                                                         Excerpt: BC Ministry of Attorney General:
person is telling the truth; it can be difficult to see the bigger       Violence Against Women in Relationships Policy
picture of the power dynamics in the relationship.                       (January 2004)

Impacts of dual arrest on survivors1                                     Response and Arrest
• Decreased ability to prosecute. One part of the standard for           4. Police officers, when there are grounds to believe an
  charge approval is “substantial likelihood of conviction.”                offence has occurred, should always arrest when it is in
  With both parties arrested, this standard is unlikely to be met.          the public interest as set out in s. 495 of the Criminal
                                                                            Code, including when it is necessary to secure the
• Increased liability for police services, particularly if violence
                                                                            accused’s attendance in court, or prevent the repetition of
  increases, resulting in injury or death.
                                                                            the offence or the commission of other offences (including
• The aggressor gains more power and a sense of entitlement                 interference with the administration of justice and intimidation
  to continue his tactics.                                                  of witnesses).
• Battered women who use violence to protect themselves or
  their children are further victimized.                                 Investigation/Charge
                                                                         9. A proactive charge policy is based on the assumption that
• Decreased chance of victims seeking further help. They are
                                                                            police will conduct a complete investigation in every
  unlikely to call police in the event of another assault because
                                                                            case, including those cases that do not immediately
  they were not believed the last time.
                                                                            appear likely to proceed to prosecution. The officer
• Victims are often unable to access victim services as the fact            will pursue the investigation with a view to obtaining
  that they have been arrested means that they do not meet the              sufficient evidence to proceed even without the cooperation
  service criteria of being a victim, so may not be referred to             of the victim. The evidence could include an admission
  the appropriate service.                                                  by the offender, photographs of injuries, medical evidence,
• Increased potential for eventual homicide by the abuser.                  physical evidence, and a written statement by the victim
• Victims are not protected.                                                and any independent witnesses.

                                                                  PAGE 5
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Excerpt: RCMP “E” Division Operational Manual,                        pressure being put on the victim to tell police whether or not to
Part 2: Criminal Code Offences, Persons,                              proceed. Police are to arrest and recommend charges if there is
Violence in Relationships, Section 4: Primary                         any evidence of violence or threats to harm or kill.
Aggressor (amended February 24, 2005)
4.1 For the purposes of this policy, “Primary Aggressor” means        I want to learn more!
    the person in the relationship who is the most compelling,        Download the entire backgrounder at
    rather than the first, aggressor.                                 www.endingviolence.com/publications.
4.2 An allegation of mutual aggression is often raised by the
                                                                      Progress report
    Primary Aggressor as a defence with respect to an assault
                                                                      Through two member surveys, EVA BC and CCWS have
    against their partner.
                                                                      identified a number of relationship violence cases in communities
4.3 Members are cautioned against accepting an argument of            across BC where women were mistakenly arrested in addition to,
    mutual aggression. Each case should be fully investigated         or instead of, the primary aggressor. Our meetings with RCMP
    to determine what happened, who is most vulnerable, and           “E” Division to date have been very promising and we are
    who, if anyone, should be arrested.                               encouraged by the seriousness with which this issue is being
4.4 Members should identify, arrest and charge the Primary            regarded. Key outcomes to date include:
    Aggressor where reasonable and probable grounds exist, in         • June 2008: CCWS was invited to present our concerns
    accordance with the Criminal Code.                                  regarding women being arrested to the RCMP “E” Division
4.5 Members must be prepared to support their identification            Management Committee.
    of the Primary Aggressor with observations and reasons. In        • October 2008: “E” Division sent a memo to each District
    making their determination, members should consider all             Officer advising them to remind their Detachment
    the circumstances, including the following:                         Commanders that “dual arrests” were generally inappropriate
       4.5.1. The intent behind the law and policy designed to          according to their own Violence in Relationships (VIR)
              protect victims of relationship violence;                 Policy and referring them to the Primary Aggressor Policy.
       4.5.2.Who has suffered the most extensive physical             • December 2008: CCWS presented specific cases to “E”
             and/or emotional damage and who received                   Division, which were forwarded to the appropriate District
             treatment for that injury;                                 Officers for follow-up.
       4.5.3. Who has superior physical strength and skills for       • January 2009: “E” Division reported on the outcome
              effective assault;                                        of their follow-up on the 18 cases. A number of next steps
       4.5.4.What is the history and pattern of abuse in                are under consideration, including: police training,
             this relationship?                                         detachment audits of domestic violence files to look for
                                                                        consistent application of the primary aggressor assessment,
Summary analysis                                                        and following up with individual detachments where the
Some police detachments or individual officers may perceive             problem of women being arrested is clearly an issue. “E”
pro-arrest policies as meaning “zero tolerance of violence”; in         Division is examining several of these options and will be
other words, violence will not be tolerated, whether it is perpe-       reporting back to us shortly.
trated as an assault or in self-defence. In the zero tolerance        If you have any new cases to report, please seek your client’s
model, context is not necessarily important. So if a victim of        permission before contacting Michelle at 250-862-2887 or
ongoing abuse uses violence to protect herself, to protect her        micheno@telus.net with a file number and synopsis.
children, or to lash out in response to years of abuse, her reasons
are not considered relevant. Because she used violence, she is        1“Dominant Aggressor/Dual Arrest” in The Domestic Violence
considered to be just as much in the wrong as the abuser.             Handbook for Police and Crown Prosecutors in Alberta (2005),
                                                                      which is largely based on the work of Linda C Neilson: “Assessing
However, pro-arrest policies are not about zero tolerance. They       Mutual Partner-Abuse Claims in Child Custody and Access Cases.”
have been put in place primarily to make the police responsible       Family Court Review, 42:3. July 2004.
for arresting abusers and recommending charges, as opposed to

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F O C U S : C O U R T E N AY ’ S D O M E S T I C
With Domestic Violence Units (DVUs) sprouting up all over the       • a set of “best practice” policies and procedures for domestic
province, we spoke with Jennifer Woods of the Comox Valley Family     violence cases,
Services Association to get a firsthand account of what makes the   • a series of presentations for local physicians, judges and
Courtenay model so successful.                                        transition house workers,
Launched in October 2008, the Courtenay Domestic Violence           • protocols to ensure thorough safety planning and integrated
Unit (DVU) evolved over a number of years thanks to an excellent      case coordination.
working relationship and willingness to cooperate among
                                                                    They will also work with the RCMP to educate detachment
community-based victim services, the transition house, probation
                                                                    members about their role in the process and to establish mini-
officers, police, and Crown Counsel. The Courtenay DVU is
                                                                    mum scene attendance requirements for members.
made up of Jennifer Woods (community-based victim services
contact) and Constable Rae Lynn Downey (DVU officer).               Beyond that, the Courtenay DVU is looking into the possi-
                                                                    bility of establishing a dedicated domestic violence court.
How does it work?                                                   The court would set aside time each week to hear minor
The Courtenay model is especially interesting because it incor-     domestic violence cases (i.e., cases in which the perpetrator
porates strong collaboration between police- and community-         will not have a criminal record but will be required to attend
based victim services. All domestic violence files received by      respectful relationship counseling through probation).
police are directed to the designated DVU officer. Constable        “The goal of the Courtenay DVU is to enhance community
Downey first conducts a complete review of the file, including      and victim safety,” says Jennifer. “We’re promoting integrated
background checks on the suspect and complainant. Next, she         safety planning by advocating a consistent approach to
refers the complainant to community-based victim services           domestic violence cases and improved communication
for support.                                                        among all service providers.” Jennifer believes the DVU is
Any and all subsequent breaches are referred to the                 already showing signs of success, with the RCMP, community-
DVU officer for follow-up. If the accused applies to vary           based victim services, probation officers and Crown
conditions, Jennifer is responsible for conducting a risk           Counsel working more collaboratively than ever before.
assessment on the file for review by Crown. Jennifer
receives all domestic violence files, regardless of whether
there are charges, in order to follow-up with the victim.
Since the DVU has been up and running, her workload has
almost doubled. Everyone involved in the process keeps
in contact mostly by email, but also by phone and fax.

An eye on the future
Jennifer and Constable Downey have already begun hosting
                                                                               EVA BC’S
community presentations for probation officers, transition
houses and the Ministry of Children and Family Development.
                                                                               Toll-Free Line!
They won’t stop there though. The team plans to develop a
number of written documents to facilitate the smooth functioning               (Members Only)
of the DVU in the future, including:
• a brochure that outlines the roles and responsibilities of
  team members,
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B Y B A L LY B A S S I , C O M M U N I T Y, S O C I A L       AND       JUSTICE PROGRAMS MANAGER, PRINCE GEORGE                           AND

        “Gang members operate under the umbrella of the gang,                 • extortion,
        using the size and reputation of the gang for protection.             • torture.
        In addition, acts of violence are used to instill fear in the
                                                                              Strategies for victim safety
        public as well as competitors involved in criminal
                                                                              In the North, many of us are working extensively with our
        activities. Their goal is to operate within geographical
                                                                              community and systems partners to explore processes for providing
        areas without resistance and/or competition.”
                                                                              protection and safety to our clients. In particular, we have
                          Sergeant Jim Leonard (RCMP)
                                                                              focused on young women who are and/or may have been in
                          BC Integrated Gang Task Force
                                                                              intimate relationships with gang leaders. This focus has
A growing concern                                                             provided many opportunities to educate and raise awareness
As many of you are aware, there has been an increase in gang-                 among ourselves and others in the sector.
related violence. We in the anti-violence sector are working
                                                                              Our agency also had the opportunity to co-host a workshop on
with many adults and youth—both men and women—who are
                                                                              safety for women in gang-related relationships, in collaboration with
accessing services as victims of gang-related crimes.
                                                                              the RCMP and a former survivor of a gang-related relationship, at
Gang members use a number of tactics to instill fear in their                 the Association’s annual training forum in November 2008.
partners (victims) including:
                                                                              There are many key people, policies and procedures involved in
• violence (including sexual assault),
                                                                              helping victims overcome the abuse of power present in gang-
• threatening behavior,                                                       related relationships. Although the work can be frustrating at times,
• isolation,                                                                  we can begin to address the issue with coordination, collaboration,
• limiting access to family and children,                                     education, awareness, prevention and intervention strategies.
• kidnapping,


As many of you know, the Victim Services and Crime                            In October and November 2008, province-wide forums were held
Prevention Division (VSCPD) has undertaken a victim service                   in Nelson, Kelowna, Prince George, Courtenay, Abbotsford and
review project called ViSDA (Victim Service Delivery                          Vancouver to consult with victim service workers and contractors on
Analysis). ViSDA provides an opportunity to examine our                       themes such as the funding formula, regional planning, program
existing service model by building on our collective knowledge,               performance and evaluation. We also explored ideas around crisis
experience and achievements to ensure services are victim-                    response, domestic violence response and information sharing.
centred, inclusive and accessible.                                            We had sessions specifically for contractors, which provided a much-
The multi-phase ViSDA process involves literature reviews,                    needed perspective. There were over 200 participants in the fall forums.
stakeholder surveys and discussions with victim service workers               We are currently drafting the ViSDA final report, and will be
and contractors throughout the province. The ViSDA objective                  releasing it in the spring. The report will include recommendations
is a more effective and more responsive victim service delivery               and “next steps” to address the issues identified.
system that evolves over time to better serve victims of crime in             We look forward to continued work with our partners to effectively
the province.                                                                 implement the ViSDA recommendations.

                                                                          PAGE 8
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In January, Smithers launched a sexual assault protocol that documents   She began by gathering the relevant key legislation for each
the community’s approach to dealing with sexual assault cases.           stakeholder. “The views around the table were diverse because
Community-Based Victim Assistance Program Coordinator Wanda              of our different mandates, so I felt we needed to see the legislative
Watts describes how the protocol evolved.                                foundation under each of us to appreciate everyone’s
                                                                         perspective.” Other types of guiding documents were identified
Planting the seed                                                        in consultation with participants. She also looked at existing
The seed for the Smithers sexual assault protocol was first              protocols from other jurisdictions (e.g., Dawson Creek,
planted during a Community Coordination for Women’s                      Terrace) to identify the elements of a meaningful protocol.
Safety (CCWS) meeting a few years ago by Debora
                                                                         At the same time, Wanda fleshed out the Purpose and
Chatfield, the local police-based victim assistance worker.
                                                                         Principles sections—pieces which gave participants their
The idea evolved over time and eventually took shape as a
                                                                         common ground. “Working through these parts together
three-phased project:
                                                                         and reaching agreement helped everyone focus on why we
• a sexual assault protocol document with multi-stakeholder
                                                                         were there and what we were trying to accomplish.”
• sexual assault interview training for the RCMP, the                    “Developing my own victim services section of the protocol
  Ministry of Children and Family Development (MCFD),                    gave the other agencies a sense of what their sections could look
  Crown Counsel and Victim Services;                                     like. I told them I needed two pages—one page of text that
                                                                         described the flow of a sexual assault file in their offices from
• training in sexual assault and evidence collection for                 beginning to end and one page with a flowchart that reflected
  physicians and hospital staff at Bulkley Valley (BV)                   the text visually.
  District Hospital.
                                                                         Wanda says, “Achieving a rich protocol is not easy and requires
Wanda offered to lead the protocol development component
                                                                         commitment by the participants in order to see it through to
in 2008. Debora took charge of the interview training and the
                                                                         fruition. The process requires someone who is willing to take
Charge Nurse at BV District Hospital took on the hospital
                                                                         on a leadership role, someone who will keep the momentum. As
staff and physician training coordination. The CCWS group
                                                                         specific issues came up—such as evidence storage in the hospital
played an important role in the process, providing guidance
                                                                         or third party reporting processes—the relevant parties worked
and acting as a sounding board along the way.
                                                                         out a solution and timelines. The results were incorporated into
Watching it grow                                                         their submissions and shared by e-mail.”
Wanda found the best way to proceed was to start developing              One ongoing challenge was getting everyone together on
the protocol in a way that made sense to her, and then have              the few occasions when it was needed. The final sign-off was
participants provide feedback on draft versions. “The protocol           no exception. “I walked the document from office to office,
participants are all very busy people: the local RCMP Staff              gathering signatures over a week, because of their schedules,”
Sergeant, the Charge Nurse at the hospital, a local physician,           recalls Wanda.
the Team Leader at MCFD and the police-based victim serv-
ices worker. I needed to take as much of the load off of them as         Training and education
possible and focus their attention where it would have the               On March 10-13, Wendy van Tongeren Harvey and Dr. John
biggest impact. The work of researching and building the                 Yuille will facilitate a four-day training module on how to interview
actual protocol needed to be mine. From them, I needed                   vulnerable witnesses, particularly children. The 24+ registered
feedback so they retained the sense of the protocol being                participants include RCMP, MCFD, Crown and victim
‘theirs’, plus a text and image documentation of their agency’s          services workers from a number of communities (e.g., Burns
role in the process. I was careful to keep what I needed from            Lake, Fort Nelson, Fort St. John, Kitimat, Prince George,
them clear and focused.”                                                 Price Rupert, Terrace).

                                                                  PAGE 9
                     E V A      B C     N E W S L E T T E R                /    S P R I N G              2 0 0 9

The Charge Nurse from BV District Hospital is working with        the hospital’s concern by linking it to a transition house in the
the BC Women’s Hospital to develop sexual assault training for    neighbourhood that is staffed 24/7. Now hospital staff can
physicians and hospital staff to be held later in 2009.           put victims in touch with transition house staff at any time
As part of the hospital’s sexual assault handout package, Wanda   for immediate support.
developed four new sexual assault brochures in collaboration      “The BV District Hospital took the protocol development
with the local Sexual Abuse Intervention Program counsellor:      process seriously,” says Wanda. Today, two decision trees are
• Sexual Assault                                                  posted on the emergency room wall for staff and physicians.
• YOU Can Help Prevent Sexual Assault                             The Charge Nurse also worked closely with the local Staff
                                                                  Sergeant to create a system for storing evidence in sexual
• Child Sexual Abuse: Information for Parents
                                                                  assault cases. Forensic evidence is placed in evidence bags by
• Child Sexual Abuse: Strategies for Prevention                   hospital staff and stored in a locked fridge on the premises for
“Although the protocol development process was educational        up to one year. A sign-out and lock-and-key system limits
for all of the stakeholders involved, it’s important that we      access and ensures the evidence’s integrity.
find ways to use the protocol material as a tool for community    Wanda sat down with the Staff Sergeant to develop a system for
education too.” The brochures are available to the public         third party reporting. As a result, a specific officer within the
in various locations in Smithers as well as in the handout        detachment has been assigned to deal with all third party
packages from the hospital.                                       reporting cases.
Lessons learned                                                   The Smithers protocol was designed to be a living document
Everyone came away from the process with a better under-          and can be reopened any time at the request of a signatory. The
standing of the other agencies’ roles and limitations. Gaps in    final result is truly a team effort, and all the participants take
the system were identified and improved ways of working were      pride in what has been accomplished.
developed. Throughout the process, participants remained
focused on the well being of clients and the community.           I want to learn more!
                                                                  The Smithers Sexual Assault Protocol and the four new
It came to light that hospital staff felt isolated from other     sexual assault brochures can be found on the Northern
community agencies and was concerned about its ability to         Society for Domestic Peace website (under “Helpful
offer support to victims in sexual assault cases.                 Re s o u r c e s ” i n t h e Vi c t i m A s s i s t a n c e s e c t i o n ) a t
Community-based victim assistance is only available on            www.domesticpeace.ca/stopviolence_victimassist.html.
weekdays and police-based victim assistance can only be
contacted when police are involved. The protocol addressed

   Tina Fuchs of the Provincial Protective Measures Unit (PPMU) has requested
   that victim service workers provide clients with the unit’s general
   contact number (604-717-2653), rather than her direct line. Many thanks
   for your cooperation.

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                      E V A      B C     N E W S L E T T E R              /    S P R I N G          2 0 0 9

                    BY MAGGIE ZIEGLER

Two years ago I told the story of Agnes Pareyio, a Kenyan          Afterwards, Dr. Cole traveled with 10 girls to their homes located
Maasai woman who suffered female genital mutilation (FGM)          in remote villages in the highlands of Kenya. Crammed into a
and early marriage at age 14, and how she began to walk from       small van, the girls—rooted in oral tradition—sang songs about
village to village, speaking out about FGM and the need to         what they had learned: songs about FGM, sexually transmitted
educate girls. Pareyio has been amazingly effective in untying     diseases, HIV and AIDS. “They sang of their wishes and desires
the knot of this cultural practice that had bound generations of   for a chance to attend school, to say no and to take responsibility
young girls to the trauma of genital mutilation.                   for their own bodies and decisions,” Dr. Cole said.
On my way to Kenya at that time, I stopped at Tasaru, a rescue                                    “As we climbed from the van at the
center for girls in Narok established by Pareyio in 2002. I                                       end of the 4.5-hour drive, preparing
stayed awhile, losing my heart to these courageous and feisty                                     for the two hours of walking still
girls, who had fled family and community in search of safety                                      ahead, the moon crested the
and schooling.                                                                                    mountains. The line of beautiful,
Candace Cole, a Canadian doctor who recently visited Kenya,                                       energetic young women stretched
reported much change in the past two years. The 30 beds in the                                    out ahead of me in the moonlight.
safe house are overflowing with 70 girls, many of whom have                                       I became suddenly aware that if it
walked long distances to reach Tasaru. More parents are                                           hadn’t been for Agnes, other com-
supporting their daughters in the week-long alternative rite of                                   mitted community members and
passage initiated by Pareyio.                                                                     international supporters, these girls
                                                                                                  would be lying on their backs
Dr. Cole attended an unforgettable graduation ceremony for a                                      bleeding in excruciating pain
group of girls who were making the transition to adulthood         Girls at Tasaru.               instead of singing their hearts out.”
without the excruciatingly painful and dangerous procedure of      (Source: Maggie Ziegler)
cutting. In this ceremony, the attending adults (men and                                           Despite these successes, FGM
women) joined hands and encircled the girls with support and       continues to be practiced and FGM education continues to be
love. Parents who supported the alternate rite of passage          necessary. The girls at Tasaru need post-secondary skills training,
agreed, in writing, to not have their girls cut.                   but only children who leave home have a chance to be educated.
                                                                   The girls at Tasaru are supported through secondary school
                                                                   (which is not free). Girls in remote communities need support
                                                                   to attend school and families need economic alternatives to the
                                                                   traditional dowries that daughters bring.
                                                                   Support for the anti-FGM campaign, the girls, their families
                                                                   and their communities ensures that Pareyio’s vision of a Maasai
                                                                   identity without FGM is increasingly realized.

                                                                   I want to learn more!
                                                                   SOLID, a Salt Spring Island NGO, supports Agnes Pareyio
                                                                   and her fight for girls’ rights. For more information, contact
A circle of support at the alternative rite of passage ceremony.
(Source: Candace Cole)                                             Maggie Ziegler at maggieziegler@telus.net.

                                                            PAGE 11
                      E V A       B C     N E W S L E T T E R               /    S P R I N G          2 0 0 9


On November 20-21, 2008, 330 people from across BC gathered          Fraser Valley (Region 4): Sonya E. Boyce
for our annual training forum. The conference, entitled              Floating Seat (Regions 3 & 4): Ershad Fawcett*
“Creating Stronger Safety nets: Ending Violence Through Risk
Assessment and Safety Planning”, included six expert keynotes        Interior (Region 5): Jan Cotterell
and 15 workshops on a broad range of topics related to the           Okanagan (Region 6): Aimee Thompson
physical and emotional safety of clients and workers in the anti-
                                                                     East Kootenay (Region 7): Jasmine Lothien
violence sector. The feedback we received was overwhelmingly
positive and we’re already looking ahead to next year!               West Kootenay (Region 8): Marsha Early, Co-Chair
Selected presentations and videos from the event are now available   North West (Region 9): Grainne Barthe
for download at www.endingviolence.org.                              North Central (Region 10): Bally Bassi
At the November 23 AGM, participants selected the                    North East (Region 11): Vacant
Association’s Board of Directors for 2009:
                                                                     * Soon after the meeting, we received an email from Ershad
North Vancouver Island (Region 1): Jennifer Woods
                                                                     informing us that she would need to resign for personal
South Vancouver Island (Region 2): Cathy Welch, Co-Chair             reasons. Despite the interest in the seat, the Association’s bylaws
Lower Mainland (Region 3): Brigit Atkinson                           do not permit the Board to appoint one of the other nominees.

                                                                                                                   Raven Bowen
                                                                                                                   (foreground) and
                                                                                                                   Susan Davis
  EVA BC Executive Director,
  Tracy Porteous, welcomes                  Dr. Stephen Hart discusses                                             deliver a keynote
  the crowd to Vancouver.                   risk assessment and                                                    address on safety
                                            safety planning.                                                       for sex workers.

                                                             PAGE 12
                     E V A      B C     N E W S L E T T E R            /   S P R I N G        2 0 0 9

Dr. Jacquelyn Campbell speaks
on effective risk assessment.                                                                   Dr. Pat Ogden addresses
                                                                                                the role of the body in
                                                                                                trauma treatment.

                                      Susan Davis responds to media questions on
                                      sex worker safety.

                         EVA BC Board Member,
                         Jan Cotterell, introduces one
                         of the distinguished speakers.

                                                          BC’s Representative for Children and Youth, Mary Ellen Turpel-
                                                          Lafond, delivers a keynote address entitled “Coming Together for
                                                          Our Children: A Collaborative and Coordinated Approach”.

       Panelists at the “Coordinated Response to Protection Order Enforcement” workshop (l to r): Diane Turner,
       Inspector Richard Konarski, Kirsten Peters, Zara Suleman and Jocelyn Coupal.

                                              Source: Stephanie Bennett

                                                          PAGE 13
                      E V A       B C      N E W S L E T T E R                 /    S P R I N G      2 0 0 9

                         B Y A L I S O N WA R D , L E G A L S E R V I C E S S O C I E T Y

The Community Advocate Support Line (CASL) is a dedicated              By way of background, I tell Jennifer that there has been
telephone support line for BC advocates. The line is staffed           a significant increase in demand for legal aid in the past
full-time by lawyer Alison Ward, who can give you brief                year or so. At the end of November 2008, legal aid
legal information and advice about specific client files in            referrals for emergency family services were up 21%
areas including family law and poverty law. The CASL line              over budget and criminal law referrals were up by 5%.
is part of the Legal Services Society’s LawLINE service,               Immigration referrals increased 76% from the previous
and is funded by the Law Foundation.                                   fiscal year. The LSS expects this increased demand
Advocates and community workers can reach the CASL at                  to continue in the 2009/2010 fiscal year, which begins
604-601-6074 from the Lower Mainland, and toll-free                    on April 1.
within BC at 1-877-601-6066. These numbers are for                     Despite the increased demand for legal aid, LSS expects
advocates’ use only; please do not distribute them to the general      that government funding in the 2009/2010 fiscal year
public. To access legal advice on the CASL line, you must provide      will remain unchanged from last year (except for some
Alison with your client’s full name and contact information,           targeted funding for large criminal cases) and that funding
and the full names of any opposing parties.                            from non-government sources will decline due to falling
                                                                       interest rates.
Sample call to the CASL
                                                                       I explain to Jennifer that, as a result of these budget
(fictionalized example, not based on a real client scenario)
                                                                       pressures, LSS is changing the rules that determine
Today I took a call from Jennifer, a family support                    which cases LSS can refer to lawyers in the private bar
worker in the Okanagan. In January, she heard that                     and altering its staff and operational structure (including
there would be cuts to legal aid services. She wants more              LawLINE). These changes are necessary so that LSS
information about the changes to family law, LawLINE                   can focus the funding and resources it has available on
and the Community Advocate Support Line (CASL), as                     those people in the most urgent situations.
those are the Legal Services Society (LSS) services that
affect her clients the most.                                           Changes to family and child protection
First, I tell Jennifer that there will be no changes to the
                                                                       law (CFCSA) services
CASL. Then I tell her that I can provide a brief                       1. Most referrals will remain unchanged
overview of the changes to legal aid services. I also tell             Since 2002, most family law legal aid has been limited to
her that more detailed information is available on the                 financially eligible people with cases where: the client’s
Legal Services Society’s website (www.lss.bc.ca), under                safety or his/her children’s safety is at risk; the client has
“Notices to Counsel” in the “Lawyers” section and also                 been denied access to his/her children on an ongoing
in the form of a news release in the “Media” section.                  basis; or there is a risk that a child will be permanently

                                                               PAGE 14
                      E V A       B C     N E W S L E T T E R               /   S P R I N G         2 0 0 9

removed from the province. These ser vices (often                       LSS will provide adult clients with a letter stating that LSS
referred to as “emergency services”) will continue to                   no longer covers Category 1 offences. This can be used by
be available.                                                           clients who seek an order for court-appointed counsel. LSS
In terms of child protection law, there will be no change               will maintain some discretion when considering Category 1
in the types of cases that LSS can refer to lawyers in the              coverage for adult clients with mental disabilities that are
private bar.                                                            serious enough to clearly prevent the client from stating his
                                                                        or her case to the court. Coverage for youths facing Category
2. Dispute Resolution Services will be eliminated                       1 charges will not be affected by this change.
Dispute Resolution Services are available to financially             • There will be some changes in the payment structure for
eligible clients with significant family law problems who              lawyers who take criminal law referrals and/or do criminal
do not qualify for an “emergency services” referral                    duty counsel work.
because the case does not raise safety concerns or
qualify under any of the other criteria outlined above.              Changes to immigration law services
These services were introduced in 2006 to expand                     Although Jennifer did not specifically ask about immi-
family law coverage.                                                 gration law services, I explain that there will also be
                                                                     changes in this area.
Dispute Resolution Services authorize a lawyer to help a
client with mediation and collaborative services, but not            LSS will continue to provide legal representation for
to attend court. About 600 people a year have received               financially eligible clients with cases that have a reasonable
these services. The change to this area means that                   chance of success involving: refugee claims; immigration
applications for Dispute Resolution Services will not be             problems that could lead to their removal from Canada
approved after March 31, 2009. Clients approved for                  to a country where they would be at risk; and appeals of
Dispute Resolution Services before March 31, 2009 will               immigration decisions.
not be affected by this change.                                      Legal aid funding for immigration cases is, however,
                                                                     fixed by federal-provincial cost-sharing agreements. No
3. Extended Family Services will be reduced                          increase in funding is expected despite the increase in
Extended Family Services were introduced in 2005 to                  demand that LSS has experienced over the past year. As
give lawyers extra time to complete a case. Lawyers may              a result, LSS is introducing stricter merit screening of
still apply for extended services. LSS currently approves            legal aid applications for immigration problems to ensure
approximately 375 applications for extended services in              that spending remains within the available budget. This
“emergency ser vices” cases. The number of cases                     means that certain cases that would have been covered in
approved for extra time in the future will depend on the             the past will not be covered after April 1, 2009.
volume of requests received and the budget available for             People with immigration law problems that LSS may cover
this service.                                                        are still urged to apply for legal aid so that their cases can
                                                                     be assessed for legal merit. LSS will try to ensure that:
Changes to criminal law services
Although Jennifer did not call about criminal law                    • clients in custody on immigration matters have assis-
services, I explain that there will also be changes in this            tance through duty counsel;
area. Specifically:                                                  • clients with reasonably meritorious cases have assistance
• Category 1 offences will no longer be eligible for legal aid         to file their claims with the Immigration and
  referrals in most cases. Category 1 offences are the least seri-     Refugee Board;
  ous offences currently covered by legal aid referrals.             • clients with meritorious claims who require assistance
  Examples include breach of probation, failure to appear and          at a hearing have representation; and
  breach of bail. The elimination of adult Category 1 offences       • clients who are at risk of being removed from Canada
  will apply whether or not the client has other outstanding           to a country where they would be at risk have assistance
  charges and whether or not there is a risk of jail.                  with the immigration process.

                                                             PAGE 15
                     E V A       B C     N E W S L E T T E R             /   S P R I N G       2 0 0 9

Duty counsel                                                       In October 2009, the Surrey office will move to New
The Legal Services Society recognizes the important role           Westminster. The new location will be one block from
family and criminal duty counsel play in providing assistance to   the New Westminster Skytrain station and only two stops
those who might not otherwise receive legal aid. Priority          away from the current location at Gateway Station.
will be given to maintaining existing duty counsel                 In addition to significantly lower rent, the new office
ser vices. Any adjustments to duty counsel services will           has the advantage of being directly opposite the court-
be deferred as long as resources permit. LSS will provide          house. The New Westminster office will also have a
an update on duty counsel services in the future.                  new managing lawyer to provide some civil advice services
                                                                   not available elsewhere.
Changes to LSS staff and
operational structure                                              Follow up
The Legal Services Society is eliminating several staff            Jennifer thanks me for my explanation and says that she
positions in its Vancouver and Surrey offices as of May            would like to give LSS some input about the changes it
1, 2009. Regional offices and local agents elsewhere in            is making. I tell her that LSS welcomes feedback, and
BC will remain unchanged. The reductions involve staff             that any questions, comments or suggestions should be
at all levels of the organization and include staff lawyers        directed to LSS-Services@lss.bc.ca.
in both the Vancouver and Surrey offices who handle
criminal and family cases.
LawLINE, which is funded by non-government money,
will continue for another year, but will be reduced to two
lawyers and six paralegals as of April 1, 2009. The scope
of LawLINE services is currently being redefined and
further details will be provided when available.

          Community Advocate
              Support Line
                 604-601-6074 (Lower Mainland)
               1-877-601-6066 (Toll-free within BC)

                                                            PAGE 16
                    E V A     B C     N E W S L E T T E R           /    S P R I N G       2 0 0 9

P R O J E C T S & PA R T N E R S H I P S
STV Counsellor Core Training                                  • February 10: Law Foundation projects
Following development of the Freedom From Violence            • March 3: Prince George
toolkit in 2007, it became clear that STV Counsellors         • March 5: Victoria
needed special skills to address the unique challenges of     • March 10: Kelowna
trauma, mental health and addictions. Our new core
training module on substance use and mental health will       • March 23: Vancouver
be piloted March 9-12 in Vancouver. Twenty-seven people are   In phase 3, we will develop a series of backgrounders on
registered to attend and others have expressed interest in    the major policy issues identified and meet with relevant
future rounds. The training will be facilitated by            policymakers in the hopes of negotiating changes in policies
Maggie Ziegler and Sally Gose (previously with the            and/or practices that will increase safety.
Victoria Sexual Assault Centre).
Modules 1-3, originally scheduled for March-May, have         The Peer Anti-Violence
been cancelled due to not having a contract in place.         Education (PAVE) Project
The next round of STV Counsellor Core Training is             Our work on a tailored version of the Freedom from
tentatively scheduled for Spring 2010.                        Violence: Tools for Working with Trauma, Mental Health
                                                              and Substance Use toolkit for BC Communities that work
STV Outreach Core Training                                    with highly marginalized women is well underway.
In 2009, we launched the second round of our new STV          In the fall, Deblekah Guin from the Access to Media
Outreach Core Training program. Modules 1 and 2 took          Education Society (AMES) met with peer women to
place in January and February. Eighty-five percent of         develop a script for the project. We also contracted well-
participants who responded to our survey rated the            known filmmaker Aerlyn Weismann to assist with script
workshop materials “very useful” and found the content        and technical skill development and to film and direct
to be current and well-organized. Module 3 will wrap up       the project’s second phase. On November 12-14, four
in early April.                                               peer women met with the production team to work on
                                                              script-writing, storyboarding and location procurement.
Immigrant Women Project                                       The group decided on two stories: a narrative piece on
As we mentioned in our last newsletter, EVA BC is part-       safety planning by marginalized women and a more
nering with CCWS, MOSAIC and the Vancouver                    emotive piece focused on self-esteem and identity build-
Lower Mainland Multicultural Family Support                   ing. Filming took place on November 16-17.
Ser vices on a three-year project to consult, analyze and     Aerlyn produced a rough cut of the film in December,
take action to address policy gaps that compromise            which was viewed by the women and Advisory
the safety o f refugee, immigrant and non-status              Committee on January 19. As we go to press, the film
women who experience violence.                                and accompanying booklet are still under development.
For the first phase of the project, Ju Hui Judy Han           Many thanks to the Canadian Women’s Foundation and
conducted an international literature review of change-       the Vancouver Foundation for their financial support.
making initiatives that led to policy changes. Phase 2 is
underway and involves conducting five focus groups            Third Party Reporting
with immigrant, refugee and non-status women across
                                                              The Third Party Reporting Initiative was officially
BC to develop a strategic action plan:
                                                              launched in November 2008. The initiative is intended

                                                       PAGE 17
                        E V A       B C      N E W S L E T T E R                /    S P R I N G         2 0 0 9

to be the “resource of last resort” for survivors who are                ues to be extremely positive, with 100% of survey
19 years of age or older and reluctant to make a direct                  r e s p o n dents indicating that the workshops enhanced
police report.                                                           the knowledge and skills required to create healthy relationships.
A friendly reminder to all programs regarding collection                 Fall and winter workshops included:
of statistics: Please enter the number of third party                    • Knowing Me, Knowing You: Negotiating Self
reports you complete each month in the “Notes” section                      and Togetherness in Intimate Relationships
at the bottom of your OPRA statistical report (e.g., 2                      (November 29, 2008)
TPR). We expect this number to be very low, but please                   • Mind Your Own Business – Don’t Air Our Dirty
record it every month (even if it is zero). This will help                 Laundry: Talking About Relationship Concerns with
us track the total number of third party reports being                     Family and Friends (January 24, 2009)
filed across the province.
                                                                         • Sexuality, Intimacy & Desire for Queer Women
EVA BC and CCWS wish to thank their partners: the                          (February 21, 2009)
BC Association of Chiefs of Police, RCMP “E”
                                                                         Still to come:
Division, the Saanich Police Department, the Sex Crimes
                                                                         • Time Out For Us: Keeping Our Relationship Alive
Unit of the Vancouver Police Department and the
                                                                            While Parenting (March 21, 2009)
Ministry of Public Safety and Solicitor General.
                                                                         Service Provider Training
2010 Olympics Advisory
                                                                         Safe Choices also offers consultation and training for
Committee                                                                service providers and systems personnel who want to
Given the speed with which the 2010 Olympic and                          make their services more effective and accessible for
Paralympic Winter Games are approaching, the Victim                      women in same-sex/gender relationships. Two service
Services and Crime Prevention Division’s Advisory                        provider workshops were delivered in January and two
Committee has been divided into a series of dedicated                    additional full-day sessions are planned in the coming
subcommittees. We are participating on the subcommittee                  months. In total, about 70 service providers will receive
responsible for producing a communications plan and                      training. The Healthy Relationships and Ser vice
related public information and education campaign.                       Provider Curriculum is available for purchase online on
                                                                         an honorarium basis.
We will be sure to keep programs informed as we learn
more about how resources will be allocated before,
during and after the event. For more information, please
contact Steve Lauer, Special Projects Coordinator at the                                 COMMUNITY COORDINATION
Victim Ser vices and Crime Prevention Division:                                          FOR WOMEN’S SAFETY
                                                                                         (CCWS) PROGRAM
                                                                         CCWS helps BC communities develop new models and improving
SAFE CHOICES PROGRAM                                                     existing models of cross-sector coordination on violence against
                                                                         women. Learn more at www.endingviolence.org/ccws.
Safe Choices focuses on improving the health and safety of women in
abusive same-sex/gender relationships by empowering women and
strengthening our communities to respond to this issues. Learn more at   Community Support
www.endingviolence.org/safe_choices.                                     Our CCWS Regional Coordinators, Michelle and Gail, are
                                                                         always busy providing training and assistance to communities
Healthy Relationships Workshops                                          across the province. This past fall and winter, they provided
                                                                         telephone and email support to 41 communities and in-person
We are partway through the latest offering of our ongoing
                                                                         support to 4 communities. An additional 9 communities were
Safe Choices Healthy Relationships series. Feedback contin-
                                                                         waitlisted for in-person workshops.

                                                                 PAGE 18
                    E V A     B C     N E W S L E T T E R           /   S P R I N G      2 0 0 9

Policy and Partnerships                                       • CCWS and the benefits of working collaboratively at
                                                                a Provincial Women’s Health Network meeting
• Since the Keeping Women Safe report was released, a
  new Deputy’s Committee on Violence Against Women
  has been created and the report has been identified as      • privacy for survivors of violence (Kootenay/Boundary
  a key framework document to be used in the govern-            region).
  ment’s development of a provincial strategy on violence
  against women.                                              Working Group
• CCWS is working with Corrections and Ending                 On January 27, the CCWS Working Group welcomed
  Relationships Abuse Society of BC to develop a              guests from the Saanich Police Department, RCMP “E”
  strategic plan for a system of self-referred offenders.     Division, the Ministry of Attorney General, the
  Each group is surveying its contacts to develop a compre-   Ministry of Children and Family Development, the
  hensive list of services and gaps.                          Ministry of Education and the Office of the
                                                              Representative for Children and Youth. Topics discussed
Conferences and Training                                      included: threats to children in violence against women
                                                              cases, risk/threat assessment training across sectors,
Since our last newsletter, CCWS has presented/co-presented
                                                              provincial statistics on violence against women in
on a range of topics at a number of venues:
                                                              relationships, and provincial family law reform.
• “Coordination and Collaboration for Women’s Safety:
   From Basics to Best Practices” at a BC/Yukon Society
   of Transition Houses conference,

                 EVA BC Member’s Toll-Free Line:
                                 Visit our website at:
                     Update your Address Book:
                                                       PAGE 19
                      E V A       B C      N E W S L E T T E R              /    S P R I N G         2 0 0 9

Farewell Connie
The staff and Board at EVA BC want to thank Connie for all           I want to pass on my best wishes to all of you who I got to meet
of the hard work, energy, support and compassion that she gave       and work with me over this past year. It’s been a great experience
to us in the office and to programs throughout the province.         for me and terrifically rewarding. I am awed by the hard work
While our time together has been all too short, we hope every-       and dedication that comes from this sector—it is filled with so
one will know and appreciate what Connie gave to us all. She         many wonderful people thoroughly committed to this challenging
has worked tirelessly, juggling many complex projects at once        and essential work of ending violence towards women.
and—despite being immersed in mountains of work—
maintaining her focus, energy and a sense of humour. We wish         Thank you to Tracy and to all of the team here at EVA BC. I will
her all the best as she continues on her path of school and,         miss you all! And thank you to all of you who made me feel
hopefully, more building projects! Many thanks, Connie!              welcome and a part of something bigger. And of course, best
                                                                     wishes to Ramona as she carries on the fine work here at EVA BC.
Tracy Porteous
                                                                     Connie Bonsteel

Introducing Ramona
Ramona feels as though she’s come full circle in her career. As      Ramona believes that we must commit to nourishing and
a graduate student in Counselling Psychology at SFU, she             replenishing our minds, bodies and souls on a regular basis if
completed a feminist ethnographic study of “The Factors              we want to continue doing good work in this important field.
Which Enable Women to Leave their Abusive Partners”. Over            In her spare time, she enjoys spending time with her partner,
the next 18 years Ramona honed her skills as a clinician, clinical   practicing yoga, painting and knitting (dog sweaters mostly!).
supervisor and program manager, developing expertise in the          An avid gardener, Ramona finds that keeping her yard looking
areas of trauma resolution, grief and loss, relationship issues,     lovely can still be a challenge: “Our Daschund, Jake, eats or
depression and anxiety, and disability management. For the past      digs up almost everything I plant!”
eight years, she has provided counselling, clinical supervision,
management consultation, and critical incident stress management
and training for over 100 organizations with Family Services
Employee Assistance Programs.
In joining EVA BC, Ramona feels as though she is returning
to her professional “roots”. “Some of the most rewarding
moments have been when I have had the honor of accompa-
nying a woman through the process of finding her voice and
her rights and deciding to no longer live with violence or
abuse, as well as, supporting the amazing counsellors who
work with individuals and groups to end violence.” She
recently came across a quote that really reflects how she feels
about her new role:
       There is a candle in your heart, ready to be kindled.
         There is a void in your soul, ready to be filled.
                      You feel it, don’t you?
                             – Rumi                                  Ramona and Pip take a few moments to enjoy the sun.
                                                                     (Source: Ramona Barron)

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February – Black History Month
“Courage is the power of the mind to overcome fear.” – Rev. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Officially recognized by the Parliament of Canada in December 1995, Black History Month is an opportunity to remember the
struggle and achievements of black Canadians. This year’s theme, “Building Canadian Identity”, specifically recognized black
Canadian Olympians and the black contribution to Canadian war efforts.

March 8 – International Women’s Day
In 1977, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution calling on member states to proclaim a day for women’s
rights and international peace. Every year, on March 8, Canadians and others around the world take time to celebrate the
progress we’ve made, reflect on the barriers that remain and identify future steps for achieving gender equality. This year’s
theme was “Strong Leadership + Strong Women + Strong World = Equality”.

March 21 – Downtown East Side Smudge Ceremony
Join Women Against Violence Against Women in honouring women as sacred life-givers, clan mothers and community leaders.
Visit www.wavaw.ca for details on this Vancouver event.

April 19-25 – Prevention of Violence Against Women Week
As a demonstration of its commitment to stopping violence against women, the Government of BC proclaimed the fourth week
of April a time to raise awareness and take action to prevent violence against women.

2009 Regional Teleconference Calls
Our annual regional support conference calls with CBVA, STV Counselling and STV Outreach programs will begin in March.
The teleconferences are an important opportunity for us to hear and understand the concerns of programs, so we encourage you
to participate. If you haven’t yet registered, please contact Harjit at kaur@endingviolence.org.
STV Outreach (Registration deadline: March 3)
• March 11 (10am-12pm))
• March 12 (10am-12pm))
• March 19 (10am-12pm)
CBVAP (Registration deadline: March 13)
• March 24 (10am-12pm)
• March 25 (10am-12pm and 1:30-3:30pm)
• March 26 (10am-12pm)
STV Counselling (Registration deadline: April 1)
• April 21 (10am-12pm)
• April 22 (10am-12pm)
• April 23 (10am-12pm)
• April 28 (10am-12pm)
• April 30 (10am-12pm)

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New EVA BC Resources
All EVA BC resources are posted on our website (www.endingviolence.org):
•   Videos and presentations from the 2008 Annual Training Forum
•   Third Party Reporting Info Sheets
•   2008 Teleconference Reports for CBVA, STV Counselling and STV Outreach Programs
•   BCASVACP Annual Report 2007-2008

Changes to Legal Services Society Services
Read about recent changes to LSS services in the January 13, 2009 news release
(www.lss.bc.ca/assets/media/newsReleases/serviceAndStaffChanges.pdf) and Notices to Counsel, No. 61-63

Aboriginal Child Protection Fact Sheets
In fall 2008, LSS published a series of fact sheets describing several aspects of the child protection process as it relates to
Aboriginal people in BC. PDF versions are available in the “Aboriginal law” section at www.lss.bc.ca/publications.

Training Videos on Domestic and Sexual Violence
You Have the Power, a non-profit crime victim advocacy group based in Nashville, Tennessee has developed a series of training
videos on topics related to domestic and sexual violence. To learn more about the organization or to purchase a video, visit

National Clearinghouse on Family Violence
The NCFV offers more than 130 publications on family violence issues, including: abuse of older adults, child abuse and
neglect, child sexual abuse, intimate partners abuse and family violence. All publications are available free of charge. For a full
listing, visit www.phac-aspc.gc.ca/ncfv-cnivf/familyviolence/pdfs/NCFV-Catalog_e.pdf.

Current BC Legislation
A comprehensive, up-to-date listing of BC legislation and regulations is now available, free of charge, at www.bclaws.ca.

Victim Services and Crime Prevention Division Resources
The VSCPD offers a wide range of pamphlets, info sheets, forms, multimedia and curricula. For a full listing, visit

VictimLINK Interpretation Services
VictimLINK is now offering interpretation services in 110 languages to help community- and police-based victim service programs
communicate with victims experiencing language barriers. Call 1-800-563-0808 to access this free service, available 24/7 for
emergency and crisis situations.

Federal Ombudsman for Victims of Crime
In February 2009, the Annual Report of the Office of the Federal Ombudsman for Victims of Crime was tabled in the Canadian
House of Commons. The federal government’s response to the report can be viewed online at: www.justice.gc.ca/eng/news-

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E    V A            B     C         B       O      A     R    D          O     F         D      I   R     E      C     T     O      R     S
Jennifer Woods                                  Vacant                                         Grainne Barthe
Community-Based Victim Assistance Program                                                      Stopping the Violence Counselling Program
Comox Valley Family Services Association        REGION 5 – INTERIOR                            North Coast Transition Society
1415 Cliffe Ave, Courtenay,                     Jan Cotterell                                  8–222 West 3rd Avenue, 2nd Floor, Prince Rupert,
BC V9N 2K6                                      Community-Based Victim Assistance Program      BC V8J 1L1
Ph: 250-338-7575 ext. 226                       Shuswap Area Family Emergency (SAFE) Society   Ph: 250-627-4793
Fax: 250-338-7601                               P.O. Box 1463, Salmon Arm,                     Fax: 250-624-3919
Email: jen.w@cvfsa.org                          BC V1E 4P6                                     Email: gbncts@citytel.net
                                                Ph: 250-832-0005
REGION 2 – SOUTH VANCOUVER ISLAND               Fax: 250-832-0037                              REGION 10 – NORTH CENTRAL
Cathy Welch, Co-Chair                           Email: cbvap@sunwave.net                       Bally Bassi
Stopping the Violence Counselling Program/                                                     Stopping the Violence Counselling Program/
Community-Based Victim Assistance Program       REGION 6 – OKANAGAN                            Community-Based Victim Assistance Program
Cowichan Women Against Violence                 Aimee Thompson                                 Prince George & District Elizabeth Fry Society
103-255 Ingram Street, Duncan,                  Community-Based Victim Assistance Program      1575 Fifth Avenue, Prince George,
BC V9L 1P3                                      Central Okanagan Elizabeth Fry Society         BC V2L 3L9
Ph: 250-748-7000 ext. 223                       104–347 Leon Avenue, Kelowna,                  Ph: 250-563-1113 ext. 108
Fax: 250-748-9364                               BC V1Y 8C7                                     Fax: 250-563-8765
Email: cwelch@cwav.org                          Ph: 250-763-4613                               Email: bally@pgefry.bc.ca
                                                Fax: 250-763-4272
REGION 3 – LOWER MAINLAND                       Email: efry@telus.net                          REGION 11 – NORTH EAST
Brigit Atkinson                                                                                Vacant
Stopping the Violence Counselling Program       REGION 7 – EAST KOOTENAYS
Family Services of Greater Vancouver            Jasmine Lothien
301–321 6th Street, New Westminster,            Stopping the Violence Counselling Program
BC V3L 3A7                                      Creston & District Community Resource Centre
Ph: 604-525-9144 ext. 425                       P.O. Box 187, Creston,
Fax: 604-524-9455                               BC V0B 1G0
Email:batkinson@fsgv.ca                         Ph: 250-428-5547
                                                Fax: 250-428-5175
REGION 4 – FRASER VALLEY                        Email: jazzylothien@yahoo.ca
Sonya E. Boyce
Stopping the Violence Counselling Program/      REGION 8 – WEST KOOTENAYS
Community-Based Victim Assistance Program       Marsha Early, Co-Chair
Surrey Women’s Centre Society                   Community-Based Victim Assistance Program
P.O. Box 33519 Central City, Surrey             The Advocacy Centre
BC V3T 5R5                                      201–182 Baker Street, Nelson,
Street Address: 10075 136A Street, Surrey,      BC V1L 1H2
BC V3T 4G1                                      Ph: 250-352-5777
Ph: 604-589-1868 ext. 223                       Fax: 250-352-5723
Fax: 604-589-2812                               Email: mearly1@telus.net
Email: sb@surreywomencentre.ca

E   V A             B    C         S     T A           F     F
Tracy Porteous                               Ramona Barron                                     Sheena Starky
Executive Director                           Program Manager                                   Communications Coordinator
porteous@endingviolence.org                  barron@endingviolence.org                         starky@endingviolence.org
(Contact for all programs)                   (Contact for STV Counselling Programs)
Habiba Rashid                                Harjit Kaur                                       Stephanie Bennett
Office Manager                               Program Manager                                   Administrative Assistant
evabc@endingviolence.org                     kaur@endingviolence.org                           ccws@endingviolence.org
                                             (Contact for CBVA and
                                             STV Outreach Programs)


Gail Edinger                                 Michelle Novakowski                               Gisela Ruebsaat
Regional Coordinator                         Regional Coordinator                              Issues Analyst
100 Mile House                               Kelowna                                           Victoria
rosebud@bcinternet.net                       micheno@telus.net                                 gisela2@horizon.bc.ca
250-397-2389                                 250-862-2887                                      250-592-3073

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Mission Statement
The Ending Violence Association of British Columbia (EVA BC) works to coordinate and support the work of victim-serving
and other anti-violence programs in BC through the provision of issue-based consultation and analysis, resource development,
training, research and education. Our work is guided by respect for difference, human dignity and equality.

Membership Eligibility
Membership is available to provincially funded Community-Based Victim Assistance Programs, Stopping the Violence
Counselling Programs, Stopping the Violence Outreach Programs, Sexual Assault Centres and other similar programs. Please
contact EVA BC at 604-633-2506 ext 10 or evabc@endingviolence.org if you are unsure about your agency’s eligibility.

Membership Benefits
• Receive our tri-annual newsletter with news, resources and in-depth articles about top issues in the anti-violence field.
• Become a part of our broadcast fax list and receive time-sensitive information about funding and policy changes,
  surveys and more.
• Receive copies of all of our publications, including manuals, reports and discussion papers.
• Take advantage of reduced tuition fees for our annual training forum.
• Become eligible to sit on our Board of Directors.
• Participate in our province-wide listservs.
• Access our toll-free line for members.

We wish to thank the Ministry of Housing and Social Development and the Ministry of
Public Safety and Solicitor General for their ongoing funding support.

My program would like to become an                              My program does not qualify for membership,
EVA BC member. ($60 to $160, depending                          but we would still like to receive the EVA BC
on ability to pay)  K                                           newsletter three times per year. ($25)    K
Mailing Address:                                                 Postal Code:
Website:                                                          Email:
Amount Enclosed:$
Please make cheques payable to “Ending Violence Association of BC” and forward to:
728-602 West Hastings Street, Vancouver, BC V6B 1P2
Charitable # 13926 5821 RR0001

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