Collapse of the Roman Republic

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					Collapse of the Roman
       Republic
                Punic Wars
• Roman Trade: Mediterranean Sea location
  was perfect for trade
  – What did they trade?
    • Wine and Olive Oil for food, raw materials, and
      other goods
• 1st Punic War: Rome fought Carthage for
  control of Sicily and won
  – Carthage (Phoenicians) interrupted Roman
    trade
              Punic Wars
• 2nd Punic War: Hannibal (Carthage)
  attacked Rome by crossing the Alps (Mts.)
• 3rd Punic War: Scipio (Rome) attacked and
  destroyed Carthage
  – Roman Empire was then unmatched in the
    Mediterranean World!
Collapse of the Roman Republic
• Setting the Stage: As Rome enlarged its
  territory; its republican form of government
  grew increasingly unstable. Eventually, the
  Roman Republic gave way to the
  formation of a mighty dictator-ruled empire
  that continued to spread Rome’s influence
  far and wide.
Collapse of the Roman Republic

 1. Economic Turmoil
   Large gap between rich
   and poor Romans

                            Collapse
Collapse of the Roman Republic

 1. Economic Turmoil
                            2. Civil War
   Large gap between rich
   and poor Romans

                             Collapse
Collapse of the Roman Republic

 1. Economic Turmoil
                            2. Civil War
   Large gap between rich                  3. Military Upheaval
   and poor Romans
                                             Breakdown in loyalty
                             Collapse
Collapse of the Roman Republic

 1. Economic Turmoil
                            2. Civil War
   Large gap between rich                   3. Military Upheaval
   and poor Romans
                                              Breakdown in loyalty
                             Collapse



                                     4. Caesar becomes Dictator
Collapse of the Roman Republic

 1. Economic Turmoil
                             2. Civil War
    Large gap between rich                   3. Military Upheaval
    and poor Romans
                                               Breakdown in loyalty
                              Collapse


  5. Death of Caesar
                                      4. Caesar becomes Dictator
    Leads to war and
  Octavian becomes
  “Augustus” Caesar or
  “Exalted One”

				
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