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					1335.Index 1/12/06 1:02 PM Page 243




            INDEX




                                                                         AL
                                                                    RI
            A                                                Atlanta BeltLine, 206
                                                             community participation boards in, x




                                                               TE
            A. Nelessen Associates (ANA), 38                 Freedom Park project, 83–95, 97–102
            ABC, see Artery Business Committee               Midtown redevelopment in, 37–38
            Acceptance, level of, 212
            Acronyms, use of, 117
                                                           MA
                                                           Atlanta BeltLine, 206
                                                           Atlanta Journal-Constitution, 46, 50, 207
            Active listening, 75, 226–227                  Atlanta Metro Chamber of Commerce, 47
            Activism, see Public involvement               Atlanta Regional Commission, 46
                                                          ED

            Adaptability, 19                               Augustine, Rob, 44–45
            Agendas, public, 69–73                         Austell, Georgia Intermodal Facility project, 41–53
            Agreement, finding areas of, 107, 115            court rulings on, 48–50
                                                 HT


            Aiken, Fred, 47–49, 51                           development of opposition to, 45–48
            Allen, George, 167, 177                          gaining trust in, 74
            American Farmland Trust, 170                     lawsuits filed in, 46–47
                                             IG




            American Institute of Architects, community      opposition’s iron resolve in, 178
                assistance from, ix                          public involvement in, 43–45
                                         R




            American Planning Association, community         public mood about, 70
                assistance from, ix                          public participation in, 78
                                      PY




            AmericaSpeaks, 26, 27                            regulatory hurdles with, 43
            Amorello, Matthew J., 3, 8, 10                   results of, 50–52
                              CO




            ANA, see A. Nelessen Associates                  site for, 43
            Ansley Park (Atlanta, Georgia), 38               timeline for, 53
            AOL Time Warner, 31                            Avin, Uri, 172, 177–179
            Appreciation, expressing, 118
            Approval process, 13, 215–217
            Arad, Michael, 32                              B
            Arguing (in public meetings), 116
            Artery Business Committee (ABC), 5, 80–81      Bacon, Edmund, 35
            Astroturf, 69                                  BANANAs (build absolutely nothing anywhere
            Atlanta, Georgia:                                  near anyone), 71


                                                                                                         243
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         244     INDEX


         Banks, William, 123, 127–130, 132                      Carter, Rosalynn, 101
         Barnes, Roy, 47                                        Carter Presidential Center, 89–94, 102
         Barr, Bob, 47                                          Carville, James, 169
         Berger, Alan, 6, 14, 16                                Cary, North Carolina, 111
         Beveridge, Charles E., 95                              CAUTION, see Citizens Against Unnecessary
         Beyer Blinder Belle, 28                                     Thoroughfares in Older Neighborhood
         Big Dig (Boston), xvii. see also Wharf District Park   Center for Community Partnerships, 143
             (Boston)                                           Central Artery Completion Task Force, 5, 10
           contention over, xviii                               Central Artery Tunnel, see Big Dig (Boston)
           difficulties of, 3–6                                 Central Atlanta Progress, 38
           governance and funding problems with, 10             Chairing meetings, 221–222
           master plan for, 5                                   Change, anxiety provoked by, 71
         “Boozy” (Broadway play), 34–35                         Charrettes, 7–8, 110–111
         Boston, Massachusetts:                                 Charter High School of Art & Design, 151
           Big Dig, xvii, xviii, 3–6, 10                        Chesapeake Bay Foundation, 170
           Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy Greenway, 1–3, 6–7           Chicago, Illinois, 121
           Wharf District Park project, 1–21                    Chicago Tribune, 132
         Boston Globe, 7–8, 205                                 Chicago zoning reform project, 122–134
         Boston Redevelopment Authority (BRA), 7, 9,              focus groups in, 157
             11–14, 106, 205                                      leadership for, 127, 129–130
         Boston Society of Architects (BSA), 8, 14                as model, 166
         Boston Society of Landscape Architects (BSLA), 8,        origin of, 123
             14, 16                                               process for, 126–127
         Bradshaw, Cathy, 77, 89, 90                              promotion of, 127–128
         Branding campaign (Youngstown 2010), 64–65               public meetings for, 128, 129, 132
                             .,
         Brooks, Michael P 171–172                                report of, 131–132
         Brown, Denise Scott, 149–150                             timeline for, 134
         Brown, Joe, 18, 176                                    Childs, David M., 204
         BSA, see Boston Society of Architects                  Christensen, Kim, 189–193
         BSLA, see Boston Society of Landscape Architects       Citizens Against Gridlock, 170
         Buckhead Coalition, 38                                 Civic Alliance to Rebuild Downtown New York,
         Build absolutely nothing anywhere near anyone               25, 32
             (BANANAs), 71                                      “Civic theater” concept, xx
         Burnham, Daniel, xi                                    Clarifying goals, 209
         Byrne, Bill, 46                                        Clarkdale (Austell, Georgia), 43, 45–47, 50–52
                                                                Coalition Against Unnecessary Thoroughfares in
                                                                     Older Neighborhoods (CAUTION), 90, 92, 93,
         C                                                           95
                                                                Cobb County Chamber of Commerce, 47
         Cabannes, Yves, 184–186                                Cobb County Commission, 47
         Calatrava, Santiago, 37                                Cobb County (Georgia), 47, 49–50
         Calm demeanor, 113                                     CODA, see Corporation for Olympic Development
         Candler Park (Atlanta, Georgia), 86                         in Atlanta
         Caproni, Al, 90, 92, 93, 95, 115–116                   Collaborative leadership, 121–163
         Carmichael, Dennis, 6, 13                                in Chicago zoning reform, 122–134
         Carol R. Johnson Associates, 6                           in management of public process, 155–160
         Carter, Jimmy, 87, 89, 94, 101                           in Penn’s Landing Forums, 144–154
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                                                                                                 INDEX      245

              and trust in process, 160–163                  CSX Railroad, 45
              in West Philadelphia Initiatives, 134–144      Culture:
            Combativeness, 115                                 cross-cultural issues, 182
            Communications technology, 182                     differences in, 117
            Community consultation process, 57–59              local, 177
            Compromise, 35–36, 115                             public, 21
            Computer technology, xii–xiii                    Cuorato, James, 149
            Comunidades program, 183, 188
            Concerns, deconstructing, 106–107
            Conflict resolution, 107                         D
            Confrontation, 115
            Consensus building:                              DAG (Design Advocacy Group), 151
              to achieve shared vision, 105–107              Daley, Richard, 121, 127
              areas of agreement in, 107                     Dark, George, 58, 61, 65
              charrettes in, 110–111                         D’Avignon, Bill, 57–58
              confrontation in, 102–103                      Deception, 19
              focus groups in, 112                           Deconstructing public concerns, 106–107
              forums in, 112–113                             Defensiveness, 116
              Freedom Park project, 83–95, 97–102            Defining “the public,” 68–69
              informal contacts in, 113                      De Pree, Max, 222
              open houses in, 111                            Design:
              panels in, 112–113                               by committee, 35–39
              print materials for, 113–114                     other issues vs., 20–21
              process plan for, 107–108                      Design Advocacy Group (DAG), 151
              and professional handling of public process,   Design facilitation, 107
                114–120                                      Design process, 215–127
              public hearings in, 108–110                    Design workshops, see Charrettes
              resources for, 109                             Dewey Square Project (Boston), 4
              steering committees for, 111–112               Diehl, Mary Grace, 163
              task forces for, 111–112                       Dimino, Rick, 17
              websites for, 113                              Discussion facilitation, 223
            Consensus-Building Handbook, 109                 Disney’s America project (Virginia), 165–179
            Consensus-Building Institute, 109                  abandonment of, 173, 175
            Context of project, 118–119                        attitudes toward, 168–170
            Continental Cry of the Excluded, 184               lessons learned from, 175–179
            Copley, John, 6, 13                                lobbying costs for, 170
            Copley Wolff Design Group, 4, 6, 11, 13            local result of, 204
            Core City Group, 121                               media report of, 168
            Cornell, Gary, 77                                  mobilization of opposition to, 170
            Corner, James, 149                                 national attention on, 171
            Corporation for Olympic Development in Atlanta     plans for, 166–167
                (CODA), 94, 100                                preparation for, 167–168
            Courtesy, 74–75                                    public participation in, 171–172
            Crawford, Chip, 103                                and reputation of company, 172
            Crockford, Jeremy, 18–19                         Diversity, 182
            Crosby|Schlessinger|Smallridge, 5                “Do nothing” view, 71
            Cross-cultural issues, 182                       Door-to-door public process, 113
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         246     INDEX


         Drawings, reliance on, 119                        Forgey, Benjamin, 31–32
         Druid Hills (Atlanta, Georgia), 86, 88            Fortaleza, Brazil, see Mutirão 50 project;
         Duvall, Robert, 169                                   Comunidades
                                                           Forums, 112–113
                                                           Fowler, William, M., Jr., 7–8
         E                                                 Franklin, Shirley, 221
                                                           Freedom Park Conservancy, 95, 100
         EDAW:                                             Freedom Park project (Atlanta, Georgia), 83–95,
           Atlanta BeltLine, 206                               97–102
           Austell Intermodal Facility, 42, 48, 50–51        design of, 94–95, 97–101
           Freedom Parkway, 94–95, 102                       mediated resolution for, 92–94
           Visitacion Valley, 189                            public process resulting in, 84–93
           Wharf District Park, 1–21                         timeline for, 102
         Edwards, Don, 69, 107, 113                        Freedom Parkway (Atlanta, Georgia), 84, 99
         Edwards, Mercer Donahue, 36                       Freedom Tower, 201, 202, 204
         Ehrhart, Earl, 47                                 Friends of 40th Street, 143
         Eiffel, Gustave, 17                               Future of public participation, 181–200
         Eisner, Michael, 167, 169–170, 172, 173, 175        and globalization, 181
         Elliot, Michael, 109                                and Imagine New York project, 193–197
         Emotion, expressing, 117                            and Mutirão 50 project (Brazil), 182–188
         Empathy, creating, 74, 161                          and Visitacion Valley project, 188–193
         Environmental impact legislation, ix
         Environmental impact studies, x
         Eplan, Leon, 88, 92–93, 95, 97, 99                G
         Expert assistance, 18–19
         Explanations, depth of, 118–119                   Garvin, Alexander, 30, 33, 35, 38, 122, 202–203
                                                           Georgia Department of Transportation (GDOT),
                                                               84, 86–87, 89, 92, 93, 99
         F                                                 Georgia Institute of Technology, 109
                                                           Globalization, 181
         Facilitating discussions, 223                     Goals:
         Facilitators:                                       clarifying, 209
            for intractable issues, 115                      of public process, 101
            role of, 26                                    Goldberger, Paul, 24, 26, 30
            as “stars,” 96–97                              Goldman Sachs, 201, 202
         “Facts on the ground,” 103                        Goldstein, Eric, 159–160
         Farr, Doug, 132, 161                              Government:
         Farr Associates, 129                                community input to contract awards by, ix–x
         Favelas, 182. See also Mutirão 50 project           disconnection of residents and, 177
              (Fortaleza, Brazil); Comunidades             GPI Models, 15
         Federal Plaza (Youngstown, Ohio), 66              Grassroots groups, 69
         Flight 93 National Memorial Design Competition,     in Atlanta, 88
              197                                            in South America, 184
         Focus groups, 112                                 Gratitude, expressing, 118
         Foote, Shelby, 171                                Great Park (Atlanta, Georgia), 88, 89
         Forester, John, 162                               Great Plaza (Penn’s Landing), 145
         Forgey, Ben, 170, 171, 203                        Greenberger, Alan, 151
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                                                                                                  INDEX    247

            Grito Continental de Los Excluidos, 184          Informal contacts, 113
            Ground Zero project (Lower Manhattan), 23–39     Information:
              common vision for, 201–203                        for consensus building, 113–114
              concept plans for, 27–28                          distributing, 76–77
              and design by committee, 35–39                    gathering of, 78–79
              design competition for, 32                        sharing, 77–78
              emotional intensity of, 70                     Inman Park (Atlanta, Georgia), 86, 88
              and Imagine New York process, 193–197          Institutional leadership, 155
              Listening to the City event for, 25–31         Institutional stakeholders, 69
              PATH rail station, 37                          Intermodal facilities:
              public involvement trend begun by, 33–35          Austell, Georgia, 41–53
              scale model for, 81                               Hulsey Yard, 45
              timeline for, 32                               International Association for Public Participation
            Gustafson Guthrie Nichol, 5                           (IAP2), 108–109
            Gwinnett County, Georgia, 77                     International Freedom Center, 201, 202
                                                             International projects, 181
                                                             Internet, 198–199
                                                             Investment, levels of, 211
            H
                                                             Involvement of public, see Public
                                                                  involvement
            Hack, Gary, 21, 33, 75, 147, 149, 161, 208
                                                             Issue identification, 107
            Hahn, Richard, 64, 65, 204
            Hanhart, Eva, 193–194, 198
            Hardy, Hugh, 82
                                                             J
            Harrell, Joel, 46, 47, 49
            Haymarket Group, 128
                                                             Jackson, Maynard, 88, 92
            Hearings, see Public hearings
                                                             Jacobs, Jane, 35
            Heath, Ellen, 107
                                                             James, Doug, 168–169
            High design, 17, 21
                                                             Jargon, use of, 82, 117
            Historic preservation, ix, 88, 204
                                                             Jerkins, Joe, 49
            Home Depot, 189
                                                             Jerschow, Oliver, 58, 61, 65
            Hulsey Yard (intermodal facility), 45
                                                             John Paul II, Pope, 197
            Humor, sense of, 75
                                                             John W. Whitaker Intermodal Terminal, 50
                                                             JP Morgan Chase, 31

            I
                                                             K
            IAP2, see International Association for Public
                Participation                                Katzenberg, Jeffrey, 173
            Identifying “the public,” 68–69                  Kennedy, Edward, 1, 6
            Imagine New York, 32, 113, 193–197               Kennedy, Rose Fitzgerald, 1, 2
              main objective of, 193                         Kent, Fred, 227
              public involvement in, 194                     Kerman, Lucy, 135, 140, 156–158, 162
              technology for, 193–196                        Kitchen-table conferences, 113
            Inclusion, level of, 212                         Kobza, Kim Patrick, 194–199
            Incremental approval process, 13                 Kokola, Carolee, 129
            Individuals, public as, 73–76                    Kus, Ed, 123, 127, 128, 131
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         248     INDEX


         L                                                    M

         Lacy, Bill, 36                                       McBrayer, Ed, 98
         Landmark projects, 17                                McCann, Jacinta, 223
         Landscape Architecture, 14                           McCullough, David, 171
         Language issues, 182                                 McKearnan, Sarah, 109
         Lavoie, Susanne, 17, 205                             McKelvey, George, 55, 57
         LDR International, 172                               Mahoning River, 60
         Leadership:                                          Maloney, Mark, 5
           chairing meetings, 221–222                         Management of Social Transformation (MOST)
           collaborative, see Collaborative leadership            Programme, 188
           goal of, 162                                       Marathon Grill (Philadelphia, Pennsylvania), 142
           professional handling of public process, 114–120   Marshall, Richard, 13, 21
         Leadership is an Art (Max De Pree), 222              Martin Luther King, Jr. Center, 93
         Legal issues:                                        Massachusetts Turnpike Authority (MTA), 2, 7, 9,
           local authority preemption, 48, 49                     10–12, 14, 205
           sensitivity to public interest, 33                 Matalin, Mary, 169
           slander, 20                                        Media:
         Legislation, objective information required by, ix    being quoted by, 118
                                                               as participants in process, 61, 79
         Liebman, Nancy, 112
                                                               relations with, 228–229
         The Life and Death of Great American Cities
                                                               reports to public by, xii
              (Jane Jacobs), 35
                                                               using variety of, 77–78
         Linneman, Peter, 149
                                                              Mediation:
         Listening:
                                                               in Freedom Parkway project, 92–94
           active, 75, 226–227
                                                               for intractable issues, 115
           importance of, 71, 75, 161
                                                              Meetings, see Public meetings
         Listening to the City event, 25–31
                                                              Menino, Thomas, 1–3, 5, 10
           facilitators for, 26
                                                              Merrill Lynch, 31
           format for, 26–27
                                                              Metropolitan Planning Council (MPC) (Chicago),
           methodology for, 34
                                                                  127, 157
           participation in, 26                               Miami Design Preservation League, 104
           proposal critiques in, 27–30                       Midtown Alliance (Atlanta, Georgia), 38
           public involvement trend begun by, 33–34           Miller, Zell, 92
           results of, 30–31                                  Model Cities Program, viii
           scope of, 25–26                                    Models:
           significance of, 30                                 of projects, 14, 15, 80–82
           technology used in, xii–xiii                        for public meetings, 158
         LMDC, see Lower Manhattan Development                Moe, Richard, 204
              Corporation                                     Moods, public, 69–73
         Local context, 119                                   Morningside (Atlanta, Georgia), 86
         Local leadership, involvement of, 58–59              Morris, David Evans, 37
         Local support, importance of, 18                     Moses, Robert, viii
         Locally unwanted land use, 71                        MOST (Management of Social Transformation)
         Lower Manhattan Development Corporation                  Programme, 188
              (LMDC), viii–ix, 28, 31                         MPC, see Metropolitan Planning Council
         LULU (locally unwanted land use), 71                     (Chicago)
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                                                                                                      INDEX    249

            Municipal Arts Society (New York), 31, 193            Olmsted, Frederick Law, Sr., 86, 94
            Murray, Hubert, 205                                   Olmsted Brothers, 86
            Mutirão 50 project (Fortaleza, Brazil), 182–188       O’Neill and Associates, 13, 18
             local attitudes and power issues in, 186             Open houses, 111
             models for, 184–186                                  Open meetings, active participation in, 78
             prototype houses for, 185                            Open mind, 113
             public input to, 185, 186                            Opposition, 165–179
             results of, 187                                        in Disney’s America project, 165–175
            My Architect, 35                                        and local culture impact, 177
                                                                    media input to, 177–178
            N                                                       as reaction to secret agreement, viii
                                                                    results from, 178
            National Charrette Institute (NCI), 110–111             and secrecy, 175–176
            National Environmental Policy Act of 1969, ix           typical issues in, 176–177
            National Historic Preservation Act of 1966, ix        Ouroussoff, Nicolai, 202
            National Park Service, 5, 6
            National Register of Historic Places:
              in Atlanta, 88                                      P
              and Austell Intermodal Facility project, 43
            National Trust for Historic Preservation, 204         Palmer, Tom, 7, 8
            NCI, see National Charrette Institute                 Panels, 112–113
            Near neighbors, 69                                    Participation by public, see Public
            Neighborhood America, 193                                  involvement
            Neighborhood Planning Units (NPUs) (Atlanta), 88      PATH Foundation, 97, 98
            Nelson\Nygaard, 189                                   PATH rail station (WTC complex), 37
            Networking, 18                                        Patience, 75, 113, 161
            News reporting, 79. See also Media                    PEC (Piedmont Environmental Council), 170
            New York, New York:                                   Pedestrian bridges, 98–100
              community participation boards in, x                Penn Alexander School, 140–142
              Ground Zero project, 23–39                          Penn Praxis, 143, 147–151, 155
              Imagine New York process, 32, 113, 193–197          Penn’s Landing Corporation (PLC), 146
              Listening to the City event, 25–31                  Penn’s Landing Forums, 112, 144–154
            New York New Visions, 32                                award for, 154
            New York Times, 27, 36, 82                              collaboration in, 158
            NIMBY (not in my backyard), 42, 47, 71–72, 169, 176     difficulty of, 145–147
            NOPEs (not on plant Earth), 71                          leadership for, 147, 148
            Norfolk Southern Corporation, 41–52                     media support for, 149, 152
            North End Park (Boston), 105                            origin of, 147, 148
            Notes (of meetings), 119–120                            principles derived from, 150–151
            Not in my backyard, see NIMBY                           reports of, 150
            Not on plant Earth (NOPEs), 71                          results of, 153
            NPUs (Neighborhood Planning Units) (Atlanta), 88        small-group discussions in, 150
                                                                    snags in, 203
            O                                                       timeline for, 154
                                                                  Personalization, in trust building, 74
            Objectivity, demand for, ix–x                         Peterson/Littenberg, 28
            Old Fourth Ward (Atlanta, Georgia), 86                PEW Internet & American Life Project, 197
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         250     INDEX


         Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 121                 Public culture, 21
           Penn’s Landing Forums, 144–154                Public hearings:
           West Philadelphia Initiatives project,          city requirements for, x
              134–144                                      in consensus building, 108–110
         Philadelphia Inquirer, 149, 150, 152–155, 203     inherent problem in, x
         Photomontages, 81                               Public interest:
         Piano, Renzo, 38                                  defining individual levels of, 69
         Piedmont Environmental Council (PEC), 170         sensitivity to, 33–35
         Piedmont Park (Atlanta, Georgia), 38, 206         widening circle of, 68–69
         Plan of Chicago (1909), 122                     Public involvement. See also specific projects
         Plans, reliance on, 119                           benefits of, 34
         Plater-Zyberk, Elizabeth, 75, 111                 and differing views of project, 79–80
         PLC (Penn’s Landing Corporation), 146             moods and agendas with, 69–73
         Politeness, 117                                   passion in, 37
         Political infighting, 19                          preconceptions about, 70
         Poncey-Highland (Atlanta, Georgia), 86            as subject of popular entertainment, 34–35
         Port Authority of New York and New Jersey,        trend in, 33
              28, 31                                     Publicizing meetings, 76–77
         Portland, Oregon, community participation       Public meetings. See also specific projects
              boards in, x                                 active participation in, 78
         Preconceptions about public participation,        chairing, 221–222
              70                                           and citizens’ understanding of design/
         Preemption of state/local authority, 48, 49          planning, xviii
         Preparation:                                      facilitator as “star” in, 96–97
           finding previous controversies/sorespots,       and landmark projects, 17
              70–71                                        Listening to the City event, 25–31
           pre-project research, 10–11, 17–18              models for, 158
           for public meetings, 116                        positive endings for, 115
         Press, see Media                                  publicizing, 76–77
         Print materials, 113–114                          tips for conducting, 224–225
         Problem solving, relentlessness in, 20          Public officials, introducing, 118
         Process plan, 107–108, 214–215                  Public process:
         Professional handling of public process,          academic attitude toward, xix–x
              114–120                                      approaches to, 207–208
         Protect Historic America, 171                     biggest mistake in, 162
         Protect Prince William County, 170                “civic theater” concept of, xx
         PSAs (public service announcements), 64           evolution of, 155
         Public:                                           future of, 181–200
           as collection of individuals, 73–76             management of, 155–160
           courteous behavior toward, 74–75                opinions vs. fact in, xviii–xix
           distributing information to, 76–79              plan for, 107–108, 214–215
           identifying/defining, 68–69                     professional handling of, 114–120
           moods and agendas of, 69–73                     tailoring of, 213
           questions always asked by, 72                   tips for planning, 218–220
           segmentation of, 69                             trust in, 160–163
           as those footing the bill, 69                   value of, 207
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                                                                                                INDEX     251

            Public relations, need for, 18–19              Scope of work, 210
            Public service announcements (PSAs), 64        Secrecy of plans, 175–176
                                                           Self-deprecation, 119
                                                           Sense of humor, 75
            Q                                              Serageldin, Mona, 183
                                                           Shared vision, 83, 105–107. See also Consensus
            Questions, unknown answers to, 116–117              building
            Quotes by media, 118
                                                           Shaw, George Bernard, 82
                                                           Shriver, Eunice Kennedy, 1
                                                           Simon Property Group, 147
            R                                              Skosey, Peter, 126, 157–158
                                                           Slander, 20
            Record-keeping (for meetings), 119–120         Smith, Jean Kennedy, 1
            Relationships:
                                                           SMWM, 5
              building, 19, 160
                                                           Social act, planning as, 34
              with media, 79, 228–229
                                                           Sokoloff, Harris, 148
            Rendell, Edward, 121, 137
                                                           Steering committees, 111–112
            Research, pre-project, 10–11, 17–18
                                                           Steinberg, Harris, 147, 148, 151, 153, 156–158, 163,
            Respect, 113, 117
                                                                203
            Rhodeside, Deana, 110
                                                           Steiner, Dean Fritz, 121
            Risk analysis, 17
                                                           Storefront approach, 11, 190–191
            Roadbusters, 89–91
                                                           Strategic Economics, 189
            Roark, Randal, 87–89, 100, 106–108, 163
                                                           Street, John, 147, 203
            Rockefeller Foundation, 31
                                                           Studio Daniel Libeskind, 31
            Rodin, Judith, 137, 138, 155
                                                           Studio Libeskind, ix
            Romney, Mitt, 1, 3, 10
                                                           Styron, William, 171
            Rose Fitzgerald Kennedy Greenway (Boston).
                                                           Summarizing public discussions, 120
                See also Wharf District Park project
                                                           Support, finding, 72
                (Boston)
                                                           Susskind, Lawrence, 109
              dedication of, 1–3
                                                           Sutherland, Kit, 48, 78, 80
              public anticipation for, 6–7
                                                           Sweet, David, 55, 57
            Rummell, Peter, 167–168, 175–176
            Rybczynski, Witold, 149

                                                           T
            S
                                                           Tai, Lolly, 28–31, 34
            Saffron, Inga, 150, 152, 153                   Task forces, 111–112
            Sandy Springs, Georgia, 207                    Technology:
            San Francisco, California, 188–189. See also     applications of, 197–199
                 Visitacion Valley project                   communications, 182
            Satullo, Chris, 147                              computer, xii–xiii
            Scale models, 14, 15, 80–82                      in Imagine New York process, 193–196
            Schlage Lock Factory, 189                        in Listening to the City, xii–xiii, 34
            Schlesinger, Arthur, Jr., 171                  Thomas-Larmer, Jennifer, 109
            Schmidt, John R., 127                          Timing of discussions, 76
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         252     INDEX


         Toumey, Ed, 17                                   W
         Town and gown relationships, 55, 57
         Traffic (as citizen concern), 176–177            Wagner, Robert, x
         Transparency, 19                                 Walker, Peter, 32
           features of, 141                               Walt Disney Company, see Disney’s America
           in sharing information, 77–78                      project (Virginia)
         Trust:                                           Washington Post, 168, 177–178
           building, 19, 73–74, 115, 160                  Websites, for consensus building, 113
           in public process, 160–163                     Welcome Disney Committee, 170
         Tuchmann, Robert, 5                              Wells, Frank, 172
                                                          West Philadelphia Initiatives project
                                                              (Pennsylvania), 134–144
         U                                                 community involvement in, 139
                                                           and deterioration of neighborhood, 134–137
         UCD, see University City District                 40th Street retail corridor development,
         UEL, see Urban Environment League of Greater         142–143
             Miami                                         goal of, 138
         ULI (Urban Land Institute), x                     leadership for, 155
         Understanding, creating, 74                       origin of, 137–138
         UNESCO, 188                                       partnerships in, 140
         Universities, city relationships with, 57         and previous Penn projects, 140–142
         University City District (UCD), 138, 143, 160     as priority project, 138–139
         University of Pennsylvania, 122, 134–144, 155,    results of, 143
             158–159                                       timeline for, 144
         Urban Environment League of Greater Miami        West Philadelphia Initiatives (University of
             (UEL), 112–113                                   Pennsylvania), 139, 140
         Urban growth, 121                                Wharf District Park project (Boston), 1–21
         Urban Land Institute (ULI), ix                    and Big Dig project, 3–6
         Urban Strategies, Inc., 57–59, 61, 63, 65, 70     charrettes for, 7–8
                                                           competition for, 4–5
                                                           current status of, 204
         V                                                 design for, 13
                                                           emotional intensity of, 70
         Views of projects, differences in, 79–81          funding problems with, 10
         The Vindicator (Youngstown, Ohio), 61             gaining trust in, 74
         Virginia-Highland (Atlanta, Georgia), 86          governance problems with, 10
         Virtual public participation, 32                  historic issues with, xvii–xviii
           Imagine New York, 193–197                       lessons learned from, 17–21
           via websites, 113                               local results of, 204–205
         Vision, 83, 105–107. See also Consensus           media criticism concerning, 7–8
              building                                     media relations in, 12–13
         Visitacion Valley project (San Francisco,         mission for, 7
              California), 188–193                         plan for, xviii
           open process for, 190                           politics involved in, 8–10, 12
           results of, 192                                 primary source of conflict in, 11–12
           storefront approach in, 190–191                 professional team for, 6
           storefront approach of, 11                      public process for, 5
1335.Index 1/12/06 1:02 PM Page 253




                                                                                                   INDEX    253

              scale model of, 14, 15, 80–81                      community consultation process for, 57–59
              site of, 3                                         focus groups with, 112
              stakeholders in, 5–6, 11                           gaining trust in, 74
              timeline for, 16                                   local leadership involvement in, 58–59
            Wharf District Task Force, 5, 9, 10, 205             media involvement in, 61
            Williams, Anthony, 121                               principles of, 59
            Williams, Jay, 57, 59, 63, 70–72, 203–204            public meeting for, 61–63
            W.K. Kellogg Foundation, 31                          sharing of information in, 78
            Wolff, Lynn, xx, 6, 7, 13, 160–163                   shifting of public mood in, 70
            Work in Progress (Michael Eisner), 167,              timeline for, 67
                 169–170                                       Youngstown Sheet and Tube Co., 55–56
            World Trade Center site, see Ground Zero project   Youngstown State University (YSU), 55, 57, 58, 61,
                 (Lower Manhattan)                                 63–65
            Wyatt, Graham, 81, 82                              Youth Leadership Council (Boston), 6
                                                               YSU, see Youngstown State University

            Y
                                                               Z
            Yalouris, Fred, 9
            Yaro, Robert, 148, 149                             Zapata, Carlos, 142
            Young, Andrew, 47, 89, 92                          Zenzen, Joan M., 167
            Youngstown 2010 project (Ohio), 53–67, 203–204     Zoning codes, 122. See also Chicago zoning
              background for, 54–55                                reform project
              branding campaign in, 64–65                      Zoning Reform Commission (Chicago), 122, 123,
              city-university partnership in, 55, 57               127–131

				
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