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Cedar-River-WMP-Tables

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									                         Table 3: Designated and Desired Use Status
                        Lower Main         Upper Main      West Middle
        Use
                       Subwatershed      Subwatershed     Subwatershed
Agriculture          Attaining        Attaining        Attaining
Cold-water fishery   N/A              Impaired         Threatened
Industrial           Attaining        Attaining        N/A
Navigation           Attaining        Attaining        N/A
Partial and Total
Body Contact         Impaired        Impaired          Threatened

Public Water Supply Attaining        Attaining         Attaining

Recreational Access
(Desired use)       Impaired         Impaired          Attaining

Warm-water fishery Impaired          Impaired          Threatened
Wildlife and Other
Indigenous Aquatic
Life               Threatened        Threatened        Threatened
atus
          North Branch
          Subwatershed
       Attaining
       Threatened
       N/A
       N/A

       Threatened

       Attaining


       Attaining

       Threatened


       Threatened
                                                                Table 7: Implementation Plan
Pollutant   Causes                Pollutants /     Prioritized BMP Technical       Critical Areas   Schedule: Short (1-   Pollutant    Estimated
Sources                           Impairments      systems            Assistance/P                  3 years), Mid (3-5    Removal      Cost
                                                                      artners                       years), Long (5+      Efficiency/*
                                                                                                    years)                *Reduction

Failing      Limitations of soils. Nutrients (K)   1. Hot spot and CMDHD,          Susceptible soil Short: Funding        Further        $3,000 for
septic      Improper installation Bacteria (E.     baseline        MDEQ            areas - see      secured for           research       outreach;
systems     historically.          coli) (K)       monitoring, See                 Figure 8         monitoring and        needed on      $10,000 for
            Improper                               education plan,                                  outreach              septic         monitoring
            maintenance. Over                       Implement                                       components; Mid:      system
            use - not designed                     county-wide                                      Monitoring            failure rate
            for full-time                          ordinance,                                       completed
            residence. Pre-1969                    monitoring,
            system (no                             outreach and
            regulation).                           education

Loss of     Land Development      Hydrologic       2. See education Little Forks West Middle Short: Landowner             Dependent      $500 per
wetlands                          flow (K)         plan             Conservancy and North      Registry Program.          on potential   meeting
                                                                                 subwatersheds Mid: Ordinance in          land use       for
                                                                                               place                      conversion     landowner
                                                                                                                                         outreach




                                                                                                                                                       3
                                                                 Table 7: Implementation Plan
Pollutant   Causes                Pollutants /      Prioritized BMP Technical       Critical Areas     Schedule: Short (1-   Pollutant    Estimated
Sources                           Impairments       systems            Assistance/P                    3 years), Mid (3-5    Removal      Cost
                                                                       artners                         years), Long (5+      Efficiency/*
                                                                                                       years)                *Reduction

Subdivision transition from part- Loss of Habitat   3. See education Little Forks West Middle          Short: participation n/a              $1,000-
of property time to full-time     (Concern)         plan,            Conservancy and North             in registry                           2,000/acre
for         residence                               conservation                  subwatersheds        program, Long:                        for
developme                                           easements                                          conservation                          easements,
nt                                                                                                     easement                              $500 /
                                                                                                       agreements                            meeting for
                                                                                                                                             outreach

Livestock in Uncontrolled Access Nutrients (K)      4. Fencing,       USDA-NRCS,     Agricultural      Short: 3 projects     6245 N          Fencing @
stream                           Sediment (K)       alternate         MSUE,          areas within 30   completed,            (lb/yr); 502    1.59/ft.,
                                 Bacteria (E.       watering          Conservation   meters of         reducing loading by   P (lb/yr); 34   Use
                                 coli) (K)          facilities,       Districts,     surface water -   50%; Mid: peer        S (t/yr)**      exclusion
                                                    designated        Saginaw Bay    See Figure 7,     outreach program                      @ $200/ac,
                                                    crossings,        RC&D           Upper Main        in place for Amish                    $10,000/yr
                                                    education and                    Subwatershed      and Agricultural                      for peer
                                                    outreach                                           community                             outreach
                                                                                                                                             program

Livestock Impervious surface      Nutrients (K)     5.                USDA-NRCS,     Upper Main     Short: complete          62,637 N        Varies
confineme runoff                  Sediment (K)      Barnyard/Feedlo   MSUE,          subwatershed - plans to reduce          (lb/yr);        greatly
nt facilities                     Bacteria (E.      t Runoff          Conservation   exact number loading by 25%             7,676 P
                                  coli) (K)         Management,       Districts      unknown                                 (lb/yr)**
                                                    Education and
                                                    outreach




                                                                                                                                                           4
                                                            Table 7: Implementation Plan
Pollutant   Causes              Pollutants /   Prioritized BMP Technical       Critical Areas   Schedule: Short (1-   Pollutant    Estimated
Sources                         Impairments    systems            Assistance/P                  3 years), Mid (3-5    Removal      Cost
                                                                  artners                       years), Long (5+      Efficiency/*
                                                                                                years)                *Reduction

Road-       Improper grading of Sediment (K)   6. See education Saginaw Bay Clare county        Short: Secure         n/a         $1,500
stream      gravel roads                       plan             RC&D, Road                      funding to do
crossings                                                       Commissions                     training, establish
                                                                                                working
                                                                                                relationship with
                                                                                                road commission

            Unpaved crossings. Sediment (K)    7. Repair known    Saginaw Bay See Figure 9      Short: Repair 25%                 Dependent
            Check dams not                     sites by           RC&D, Road and 10             of known sites                    on location
            installed or not                   installing         Commissions
            cleaned. No                        turnouts, paving   , Trout
            maintenance                        crossings, etc     Unlimited,
            schedule. Turn-outs                                   Conservation
            not installed. New                                    Districts,
            roads or ditches not                                  USFWS
            vegetated properly
            or in a timely
            manner.




                                                                                                                                                5
                                                              Table 7: Implementation Plan
Pollutant   Causes               Pollutants /    Prioritized BMP Technical       Critical Areas   Schedule: Short (1-   Pollutant    Estimated
Sources                          Impairments     systems            Assistance/P                  3 years), Mid (3-5    Removal      Cost
                                                                    artners                       years), Long (5+      Efficiency/*
                                                                                                  years)                *Reduction

Stream      Livestock access.     Sediment (K)   8. Stabilize      Saginaw Bay See Figure 9       Short: Repair 25%     9,120 N     Dependent
banks       Human access (foot,                  known sites       RC&D,        and 10            of known sites        (lb/yr);    on location
            ATV and horses).                     where feasible,   Conservation                                         4,560 P     ($15 - $50
            Wildlife access. Flow                action plans at   Districts,                                           (lb/yr)*    per linear
            fluctuations (dam                    site scale        Trout                                                            foot
            discharges). Historic                                  Unlimited,                                                       depending
            uses of river                                          USFWS                                                            on
            (logging).                                                                                                              treatment)


Residential Over application and Nutrients (K) 9. Market           MSUE, Lake      Highly         Mid: funding          n/a         $3,000 for
nps runoff run-off of fertilizer, Pesticides and county soil-      Associations,   Populated      secured for                       outreach,
            pesticides and        herbicides (S) testing           Conservation    Lakes (Ross,   outreach efforts,                 $10 per soil
            herbicides, no buffer                programs, see     Districts       Wiggins,       mid: marketing                    test per
            strips                               education plan                    Cranberry)     program in place                  landowner
                                                                                                                                    / $2,000 for
                                                                                                                                    marketing




                                                                                                                                                   6
                                                               Table 7: Implementation Plan
Pollutant    Causes               Pollutants /    Prioritized BMP Technical       Critical Areas    Schedule: Short (1-   Pollutant    Estimated
Sources                           Impairments     systems            Assistance/P                   3 years), Mid (3-5    Removal      Cost
                                                                     artners                        years), Long (5+      Efficiency/*
                                                                                                    years)                *Reduction

Agricultural Over application and Nutrients (K) 10. Soil testing,    USDA-NRCS, Upper Main          Short: 3 plans        62,637 N        Varies
nps runoff run-off of fertilizer, Pesticides and Nutrient            MSUE,        (see Figure 7)    completed,            (lb/yr);        greatly, $10
             pesticides and        herbicides (S) Management         Conservation                   reducing loading by   7,676 P         per soil test
             herbicides, no buffer                Plans, education   Districts                      25%, mid:             (lb/yr)         for 20 acres
             strips                               and outreach                                      marketing program     [6245 N         / $2,000 for
                                                                                                    in place              (lb/yr); 502    marketing
                                                                                                                          P (lb/yr); 34
                                                                                                                          S (t/yr)]**




Decaying     Weeds dying off.     Nutrients (K)   11. See            MSUE, Lake      Highly         Mid: funding          n/a             included
vegetation   Spraying weeds.                      education plan     Associations,   Populated      secured for                           with above
in           Draw down allows                                        Conservation    Lakes (Ross,   outreach efforts                      fertilizer
reservoirs   freezing                                                Districts       Wiggins,                                             program
and lakes                                                                            Cranberry)




                                                                                                                                                          7
                                                               Table 7: Implementation Plan
Pollutant   Causes                 Pollutants /   Prioritized BMP Technical       Critical Areas    Schedule: Short (1-   Pollutant    Estimated
Sources                            Impairments    systems            Assistance/P                   3 years), Mid (3-5    Removal      Cost
                                                                     artners                        years), Long (5+      Efficiency/*
                                                                                                    years)                *Reduction

Urban NPS Detergents /             Nutrients      12. "hot-spot"       cities of     Highly         Short: funding        from N-     $8,000 for
Runoff    Dishwashing                             testing after        Gladwin and   Populated      secured for           SPECT       testing
          detergents (Still                       rainfall events,     Beaverton,    Lakes (Ross,   equipment to                      equipment
          contain P), washing                      Identify and        MDEQ,         Wiggins,       conduct                           and hot
          autos, and flowing                      disconnect illicit   CMDHD,        Cranberry)     monitoring                        spot testing
          directly to stream.                     discharges           local
                                                  (NPDES Federal       engineering
                                                  Program              firm
                                                  through EPA)




            Automobile washing Solvents,       13. See                 MSUE, Lake Gladwin /         Short: funding     n/a            $3,000 for
            and house washing / cleaners, and education plan           Associations, Beaverton      secured for nps                   nps
            Parking lots and    Detergents (S)                         Conservation                 education. Mid:                   education
            driveways.                                                 Districts                    program
                                                                                                    implemented
            Lack of stormwater     Hydrologic     14. Create      Local         City of             Mid: Completion of n/a            $20,000
            planning, retention,   flow (K)       stormwater plan engineering Gladwin,              stormwater plans
            and detention.                                        firm, Local   Beaverton
                                                                  municipality,
                                                                  Gladwin
            Parking lots,         Oil, grease and                 Drain
            driveways, roof-tops, metals (S)                      Commission
            confinement areas.




                                                                                                                                                     8
                                                               Table 7: Implementation Plan
Pollutant   Causes                Pollutants /    Prioritized BMP Technical       Critical Areas   Schedule: Short (1-   Pollutant    Estimated
Sources                           Impairments     systems            Assistance/P                  3 years), Mid (3-5    Removal      Cost
                                                                     artners                       years), Long (5+      Efficiency/*
                                                                                                   years)                *Reduction

             Improper oil disposal Oil, grease and 15. See          MSUE, Lake Gladwin /           Short: funding        n/a         $3,000 for
            "Back Yard"            metals (S)      education plan   Associations, Beaverton        secured. Mid:                     nps
            mechanics. Leaking                                      Conservation                   program                           education
            vehicles.                                               Districts                      implemented
            Commercial
            establishments. No
            traps for commercial
            establishments.

            Pet waste             E. coli bacteria 16. See          MSUE, Lake N/a                 Short: ID target      n/a         $3,000 for
                                  (K)              education plan   Associations,                  areas                             nps
                                                                    Conservation                                                     education
                                                                    Districts

Dam        Seasonal draw down Hydrologic          17. Continued  Lake          Chappel Dam, n/a                          n/a         n/a
discharges of reserviors      flow (K)            monitoring and Associations, Ross Lake
                                                  tracking       Gladwin
                                                                 Drain
                                                                 Commission

             Water level          Hydrologic      18. N/A           Lake          N/a              n/a                   n/a         n/a
            fluctuations. Draw- flow (K)                            Associations,
            down of Chappel                                         Gladwin
            Dam. Hydropower                                         Drain
            dams - on demand                                        Commission
            supply. Logging era -
            dams and flow
            fluctuations.




                                                                                                                                                  9
                                                                Table 7: Implementation Plan
Pollutant   Causes                  Pollutants /   Prioritized BMP Technical       Critical Areas   Schedule: Short (1-   Pollutant    Estimated
Sources                             Impairments    systems            Assistance/P                  3 years), Mid (3-5    Removal      Cost
                                                                      artners                       years), Long (5+      Efficiency/*
                                                                                                    years)                *Reduction

Oil and Gas Presence of oil and     Oil and Gas    19. Monitoring MDEQ,            See Figure 11    Short: action plans n/a           Further
Wells       gas fields in the       Spills         of wells of     MDNR                             developed for high                research
            watershed               (Concern)      concern, State                                   risk wells                        needed
                                                   regulations and
                                                   county
                                                   ordinances

** Loading calculated using STEPL




                                                                                                                                                   10
Potential
Funding
Source


Bay Area
Communit
y
Foundatio
n, MDEQ,
Saginaw
Bay WIN,
Lake
Associatio
ns

Saginaw
Bay WIN,
319,
Private
Foundatio
ns,
Gladwin
Communit
y
Foundatio
n




             11
Potential
Funding
Source


Saginaw
Bay WIN




CRP, EQIP,
WHIP,
CREP,
Great
Lakes
Commissi
on,
Saginaw
Bay Win

Landowne
r, Farm
Bill




             12
Potential
Funding
Source


319,
Partners
for Fish
and
Wildlife,
USFWS,
CMI
MDEQ,
GLC




            13
Potential
Funding
Source


Landowne
rs, MDEQ,
NRCS,
USFWS,
Partners
for Fish
and
Wildlife


Lake
Associatio
ns, MDEQ,
landowne
rs /
advertise
through
existing
local
media




             14
Potential
Funding
Source


CRP, EQIP,
landowne
rs /
advertise
through
existing
local
media,
CREP/CRP




Lake
Associatio
ns, MDEQ




             15
Potential
Funding
Source


MDEQ




Local
municipali
ty




             16
Potential
Funding
Source




n/a




n/a




            17
Potential
Funding
Source


Volunteer
efforts




            18
                                          Table 8: Education and Outreach Activities
Issue                                 Target Audience               Method                                              Prioritized
                                                                                                                        BMP
                                                                                                                        System
                                                                                                                        (from
                                                                                                                        Table 7)
Several areas in the watershed        Homeowners with septic        Pilot phase of monitoring of nutrient levels                   1
have soils classified as “very        systems in vulnerable areas   followed by outreach program with Central
limited” for septic field drainage.   as shown on soils map.        Michigan District Health Department modeled
This threatens groundwater and        Township Boards, County       after program implemented by Wiggins Lake
surface water’s ability to be         Commissioners                 Property Owner’s Association offering mini-
swimmable and wadeable. It is                                       grants to residents, covering half of septic tank
suspected this is contributing                                      pumping and inspection fees.
bacteria to the Cedar River.


Several homes in the Cedar River Homeowners with septic             Septic System Outreach in partnership with Lake               1
watershed are located on soils     systems                          Associations and Health Department
not suitable for septic systems. A
large amount of homes also have
septic systems that were installed
prior to the Central Michigan
District Health Department
requiring septic system permits.


Long term protection of the           Watershed landowners,         Presentations by Little Forks Conservancy, CRW                3
Cedar River Watershed requires        community leaders,            Tours, LFC Land Registry Program
residents to have knowledge           government officials
permanent land protection.




                                                                                                                                       19
                                      Table 8: Education and Outreach Activities
Issue                             Target Audience               Method                                           Prioritized
                                                                                                                 BMP
                                                                                                                 System
                                                                                                                 (from
                                                                                                                 Table 7)
Lack of project awareness and       Amish sects – Gladwin and   Peer outreach and relationship building with                4
agriculture best practices          Clare counties              Bishops. Community Liason should be from a
amongst Amish communities.                                      non-government agency. Work with Amish
Lack of appropriate incentives for                              Bishop’s to develop incentives for implementing
Amish to implement best                                         best practices. Establish a work group
practices on agricultural property.                             comprised of local organizations and Amish
                                                                representatives.
Road Grading in Clare County      Clare County Road             Training led by Saginaw Bay RC&D in                        6
increasing erosion and            Commission (and Gladwin       partnership with Huron Pines RC&D and the
sedimentation                     County Road Commission)       “Better Back Roads” publication. Training will
                                                                work with Clare County Road Commission on
                                                                road grading best practices and use of turnouts
                                                                along gravel roads.
Long term protection of the      K-12 schools                   Agriculture and Natural Resource Tour           1, 2 , 3, 6,
watershed depends upon the                                      (Developed by Clare Conservation District and   9, 10, 11,
next generation of decision-                                    MSU-Extension)                                  12, 15, 16
makers being educated in natural
resource protection.
Long term protection of the      K-12 schools                   Fly-fishing and Stream Ecology Field Trips       1, 2 , 3, 6,
Cedar River Watershed requires                                  (Developed at Gladwin High School)               9, 10, 11,
residents to have knowledge of                                                                                   12, 15, 16
the resources the watershed
provides including clean water
and recreation.




                                                                                                                                20
                                         Table 8: Education and Outreach Activities
Issue                                 Target Audience           Method                                         Prioritized
                                                                                                               BMP
                                                                                                               System
                                                                                                               (from
                                                                                                               Table 7)
The high water quality in the      Local Government including   Governmental Outreach – coffee hours to review 2, 3
Cedar River Watershed is a result elected and appointed         pollution concerns in the watershed and tools
of low population density, soils, positions and staff           available for water quality protection
and natural landscape. As the
watershed’s population increases
the impacts will have an effect on
surrounding water quality. Early
protection of key natural areas
and groundwater will ensure that
the Cedar River remains a high
quality waterway for recreation
and wildlife.


There is a great opportunity to    Farmers                      Agriculture Outreach – promotion of voluntary    4, 5, 10
expand voluntary programs                                       programs available from USDA-NRCS, etc;
available through the Farm Bill to                              newsletter; site visits Best Management Action
reduce impacts from farming.                                    Plans

The watershed is impacted by          Riparian homeowners and   Public education campaign                        9, 10, 12,
several nonpoint source               businesses                                                                 15, 16
pollutants including detergents,
sediment, fertilizers, oil, grease,
metals, solvents, cleaners, and
pet waste



                                                                                                                              21
                                     Table 8: Education and Outreach Activities
Issue                            Target Audience           Method                                         Prioritized
                                                                                                          BMP
                                                                                                          System
                                                                                                          (from
                                                                                                          Table 7)
Several lakes in the watershed    Riparian Landowners      Shoreline Restoration Presentations and        9, 11, 12,
have degraded ecosystems and                               Publication (Developed by Clare Conservation   13, 14, 17,
eutrophication due to the loss of                          District) (State and local ordinances)         18
near-shore habitat and improper
use of fertilizers.




                                                                                                                        22
                                                             Table 9: Evaluation Methods
                                                          Pollutants /
Pollutant Sources               Causes                                         Prioritized BMP systems                Evaluation Methods
                                                         Impairments
  Failing septic   Limitations of soils. Improper Nutrients (K) Bacteria 1. Hot spot and baseline          Numeric criteria defined in TMDL and
     systems      installation historically.       (E. coli) (K)             monitoring, See education     Appendix D. Monitoring results, track
                  Improper maintenance. Over                                 plan, Implement county-       number of systems upgraded / replaced
                  use - not designed for full-time                           wide ordinance, monitoring,   during outreach efforts; nutrient reduction
                  residence. Pre-1969 system                                 outreach and education        in lakes.
                  (no regulation).

Loss of wetlands Land Development                   Hydrologic flow (K)    2. See education plan           Track participants in landowner registry
                                                                                                           program, hydrologic flow and water
                                                                                                           quality sustained
 Subdivision of   transition from part-time to full- Loss of Habitat       3. See education plan,          Track participants in landowner registry
  property for    time residence                     (Concern)             conservation easements          program, hydrologic flow and water
 development                                                                                               quality sustained
  Livestock in    Uncontrolled Access               Nutrients (K) Sediment 4. Fencing, alternate           Numeric criteria defined in TMDL and
     stream                                         (K) Bacteria (E. coli) (K) watering facilities,        Appendix D. Revised loading estimates,
                                                                               designated crossings,       before and after pictures
                                                                               education and outreach
    Livestock     Impervious surface runoff         Nutrients (K) Sediment 5. Barnyard/Feedlot Runoff      Numeric criteria defined in TMDL and
  confinement                                       (K) Bacteria (E. coli) (K) Management, Education       Appendix D. Revised loading estimates,
    facilities                                                                 and outreach                before and after pictures
  Road-stream     Improper grading of gravel        Sediment (K)               6. See education plan       Before and after pictures
    crossings     roads
                  Unpaved crossings. Check        Sediment (K)             7. Repair known sites by        Pollutant loading reductions, before and
                  dams not installed or not                                installing turnouts, paving     after pictures
                  cleaned. No maintenance                                  crossings, etc
                  schedule. Turn-outs not
                  installed. New roads or ditches
                  not vegetated properly or in a
                  timely manner.




                                                                                                                                                         23
 Stream banks     Livestock access. Human           Sediment (K)            8. Stabilize known sites     Pollutant loading reductions, before and
                  access (foot, ATV and horses).                            where feasible, action plans after pictures
                  Wildlife access. Flow                                     at site scale
                  fluctuations (dam discharges).
                  Historic uses of river (logging).

Residential nps Over application and run-off of Nutrients (K) Pesticides 9. Market county soil-          Visible reduction in algal blooms and
    runoff      fertilizer, pesticides and      and herbicides (S)       testing programs, see           nutrient reduction in lakes, follow up
                herbicides, no buffer strips                             education plan                  surveys with landowners, nutrient
                                                                                                         reduction
Agricultural nps Over application and run-off of Nutrients (K) Pesticides 10. Soil testing, Nutrient     Revised loading estimates, before and
     runoff      fertilizer, pesticides and      and herbicides (S)       Management Plans,              after pictures, follow up surveys with
                 herbicides, no buffer strips                             education and outreach         landowners, nutrient reduction

   Decaying       Weeds dying off. Spraying        Nutrients (K)            11. See education plan       Visible reduction in algal blooms and
 vegetation in    weeds. Draw down allows                                                                nutrient reduction in lakes, reduced
reservoirs and    freezing                                                                               frequency in treatment of weeds
     lakes
  Urban NPS       Detergents / Dishwashing         Nutrients                12. "hot-spot" testing after Track number of disconnections made
    Runoff        detergents (Still contain P),                             rainfall events, Identify and
                  washing autos, and flowing                                disconnect illicit discharges
                  directly to stream.                                       (NPDES Federal Program
                                                                            through EPA)

                  Automobile washing and house Solvents, cleaners, and 13. See education plan            Pre and Post project surveys to gauge local
                  washing / Parking lots and   Detergents (S)                                            knowledge
                  driveways.
                  Lack of stormwater planning, Hydrologic flow (K)     14. Create stormwater plan        Pollutant loading reductions, track
                  retention, and detention.                                                              implementation of plan

                  Parking lots, driveways, roof-   Oil, grease and metals
                  tops, confinement areas.         (S)




                                                                                                                                                       24
                    Improper oil disposal "Back     Oil, grease and metals 15. See education plan       Pre and Post project surveys to gauge local
                   Yard" mechanics. Leaking         (S)                                                 knowledge
                   vehicles. Commercial
                   establishments. No traps for
                   commercial establishments.


                   Pet waste                        E. coli bacteria (K)   16. See education plan       Pre and Post project surveys to gauge local
                                                                                                        knowledge
Dam discharges Seasonal draw down of            Hydrologic flow (K)        17. Continued monitoring     n/a
               reserviors                                                  and tracking
                Water level fluctuations. Draw- Hydrologic flow (K)        18. N/A                      n/a
               down of Chappel Dam.
               Hydropower dams - on
               demand supply. Logging era -
               dams and flow fluctuations.

Oil and Gas Wells Presence of oil and gas fields in Oil and Gas Spills     19. Monitoring of wells of   Monitoring of action plans for high risk
                  the watershed                     (Concern)              concern, State regulations   wells
                                                                           and county ordinances




                                                                                                                                                      25
                          Table 10: Social Indicators Planning and Evaluation System (SIPES)
            Methods             Goals, Intended Outcomes, and Core Social Indicators for NPS Management

Surveys and focus groups before Goal: Increased Awareness Among a Target Audience
and after implementation        Intended Outcome: Awareness gained regarding the relevant technical
(including education) projects  issues and/or recommended practices of the target audience in the critical
                                area
                                  Indicator 1: Awareness of pollutants impairing waterways
                                  Indicator 2: Awareness of consequences of pollutants to water quality
                                  Indicator 3: Awareness of appropriate practices to improve water quality

Surveys and focus groups before Goal: Attitude Among Target Audience Supportive of NPS
and after implementation        Management Actions
(including education) projects  Intended Outcome: Attitudes changed in a way that is expected to facilitate
                                desired behavior change of target audiences in critical areas

                                  Indicator 1: General water-quality-related attitudes
                                  Indicator 2: Willingness to take action to improve water quality

Surveys and focus groups before Goal: Reduced Constraints for Using Appropriate Practices
and after implementation        Intended Outcome: Constraints to behavior change will be reduced
(including education) projects  Indicator 1: Constraints to behavior change

Tracking of resources leveraged   Goal: Increased Capacity to Address NPS Management Issues in
during implementation via         the Project Area
landowner surveys or forms.       Intended Outcome 1: The project improved the recipient’s capacity to
Tracking of funding sources and   leverage resources in the watershed
technical assistance avialable    Indicator 1: Resources leveraged by grant recipient in the watershed as a result of
                                  project funding (including cash and in-kind resources)
over implementation period.
                                  Intended Outcome 2: Increased capacity to support appropriate practices
Tracking of monitoring programs
                                  by target audiences in critical areas
duration and frequency.           Indicator 1: Funding available to support NPS practices in critical areas
                                  Indicator 2: Technical support available for NPS practices in critical areas
                                  Indicator 3: Ability to monitor practices in critical areas


                                                                                                                        26
                          Table 10: Social Indicators Planning and Evaluation System (SIPES)
            Methods             Goals, Intended Outcomes, and Core Social Indicators for NPS Management


Tracking (via survey or form) the   Goal: Increased Adoption of NPS Management Practices by a
percentage of critical areas        Target Audience
receiving treatment, percentage     Intended Outcome: This project resulted in changes in behavior and/or
of target audience implementing     adoption of practices to prevent new problems and improve or maintain
practices, and the number of        water quality in the critical area by the target audience
                                    Indicator 1: Percentage of critical area receiving treatment
ordinances adopted.
                                    Indicator 2: Percentage of target audience implementing practices in critical areas

                                    Indicator 3: Ordinances in place that will reduce nonpoint source stressors




                                                                                                                          27
ES)

      Timing
      During 319 funding
      applications.
      Include results in
      next watershed
      plan update.



      During 319 funding
      applications.
      Include results in
      next watershed
      plan update.



      During 319 funding
      applications.
      Include results in

      During
      implementation
      projects, detail in
      final project reports
      and next
      watershed plan
      update.




                              28
ES)

      Timing

      During
      implementation
      projects, detail in
      final project reports
      and next
      watershed plan
      update.




                              29
                                Table 11: Monitoring Locations
                                    Monitoring
Lead Party        Locations         Parameters Frequency         Notes
Central Michigan Figure 13          Chemical,  Bacteria: May-    Funding required to
Health Department                   bacteria   Oct; Other        expand current beach
(Michelle Patton)                              parameters are    monitoring to include
                                               set for a two     hotspot monitoring and
                                               year baseline     baseline sampling
                                               establishment     above Chappel Dam,
                                                                 included in
                                                                 implementation plan
Trout Unlimited     West Branch     Temperatur continuous,       seek guidance from
(Harley Holsinger /                 e, fish    planned during    State of Michigan Trout
Tom Monto)                          shocking,  next few years    Unlimited
                                    rapid
                                    ecological
                                    assessment

Gladwin High      Figure 13         chemistry,     annually      dependent on funding
School (Chad                        miv                          available, included in
Donahue)                                                         implementation plan

MDEQ (Peter       Main Branch       Temperatur Five years        Various sites monitored
Vincent)                            e, e.coli, (2007, 2012,      between 5-year basin
                                    miv        2017, etc)        rotation monitoring.

MDNR (Kathrin     Main Branch       Fish         Five years     Maintains records of
Schrouder)                          shocking                    Trout Unlimited data
USGS, Lansing     Upstream of       currently in minimum of two Opportunity for
(Tom Weaver)      Wiggins Lake      discussion years            partnership

								
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