Life in Antarctica

					Life in Antarctica

Unit 1 – Week 4
Building Background
• The Emperor penguins are a kind of bird
  that live in Antarctica. They are the largest
  of all penguins. Some are as tall as 40
  inches and weigh up to 88 pounds.
• Where is Antarctica? What do you think
  the weather is like there?
Focus Question
• What is happening in the photograph on
  page 87?
• What other kinds of animals might you see
  in Antarctica?
Main Idea and Details
• The topic of a selection is what an entire
  selection is mainly about.
• Main ideas are the most important pieces of
  information, or ideas, that tell about the topic.
• Supporting details give information about the
  main idea.
• The main idea of a paragraph tells what the
  paragraph is about. An explicit, or stated,
  main idea is stated in a topic sentence. Topic
  sentences are usually at the beginning of a
  paragraph. Sometimes the main idea is not
  stated. It is an implied message. Then the
  reader has to put together the details to figure
  out the implied, or unstated, main idea.
Let’s Try One Together!
                Penguins and four kinds of seals live in Antarctica
          all year round. Seabirds, such as terns and skuas, fly
          to Antarctica for the summer. Blue whales, humpback
          whales, and southern whales also spend their summers
          in Antarctica.

        What is this paragraph MOSTLY about?
        - Penguins and different types of seals live in
          Antarctica all year round.
        - Many different kinds of animals live in
        - Many different types of whales spend their
          summers in Africa.
        - Seabirds fly to Antarctica for the summer.
Time to Read
• Let’s read the introduction and the paragraph
  under the heading Plants

• What is the main idea of the section Plants?
- Fierce wind whips across Antarctica.
- The weather is chilly and there is little rain.
- The weather in Antarctica makes it difficult for
  plants to grow there.
- Only moss and lichens grow in Antarctica.
Your Turn!
• Read the material under the heading Seabirds

• What is this section MOSTLY about?
 - Penguins are one kind of bird that lives in
- Penguins shuffle along the ice.
- Penguins form a huddle to keep warm.
- As they grow, penguins develop stiff
   waterproof feathers.
• Something that is fierce is very strong or violent.
• The fierce wind blew a tree down.
• What word means the opposite of fierce?
• If something whips, it moves or hits quickly and

• During a tornado the wind whips around
  and around.
• What else whips besides the wind?
• The fine, soft feathers on a bird are called down.

• Down helps protect birds from cold.

• The word down can also mean going from
  a higher to lower place.

           • How can you keep warm when
             the temperature goes down?
• The word junior means younger or smaller.

• There were to grown seals and one junior
  seal at the zoo.

           • What is the difference between
             a junior animal and a grown
• A huddle is a group of animals or people that is close

• The football players formed a huddle to
  decide on their next play.

                 • What does a huddle usually
                   look like?
• When you make a noise and the sound is repeated, it
• My voice echoes in the cave.

• In what other places can you hear how a
  sound echoes?
• A person who shuffles walks without lifting his or her feet
  off the ground.

• My little brother shuffles when he puts on
  Dad’s shoes.

                  • Why do you think someone
Long Vowels
• When two vowels together make one sound,
  they are called a vowel digraph. The letters
  ow and oa stand for the long o sound, as in
  snow and road.
• The letter o has the long o sound when it
  comes before the consonants, ld, as in cold.
Sort the Words
•   Low
•   Fold Soap
•   Blow
•   Coast
•   Flow
•   Boast
•   Grow
•   Scold

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