Life in Antarctica
Unit 1 – Week 4
• The Emperor penguins are a kind of bird
that live in Antarctica. They are the largest
of all penguins. Some are as tall as 40
inches and weigh up to 88 pounds.
• Where is Antarctica? What do you think
the weather is like there?
• What is happening in the photograph on
• What other kinds of animals might you see
Main Idea and Details
• The topic of a selection is what an entire
selection is mainly about.
• Main ideas are the most important pieces of
information, or ideas, that tell about the topic.
• Supporting details give information about the
• The main idea of a paragraph tells what the
paragraph is about. An explicit, or stated,
main idea is stated in a topic sentence. Topic
sentences are usually at the beginning of a
paragraph. Sometimes the main idea is not
stated. It is an implied message. Then the
reader has to put together the details to figure
out the implied, or unstated, main idea.
Let’s Try One Together!
Penguins and four kinds of seals live in Antarctica
all year round. Seabirds, such as terns and skuas, fly
to Antarctica for the summer. Blue whales, humpback
whales, and southern whales also spend their summers
What is this paragraph MOSTLY about?
- Penguins and different types of seals live in
Antarctica all year round.
- Many different kinds of animals live in
- Many different types of whales spend their
summers in Africa.
- Seabirds fly to Antarctica for the summer.
Time to Read
• Let’s read the introduction and the paragraph
under the heading Plants
• What is the main idea of the section Plants?
- Fierce wind whips across Antarctica.
- The weather is chilly and there is little rain.
- The weather in Antarctica makes it difficult for
plants to grow there.
- Only moss and lichens grow in Antarctica.
• Read the material under the heading Seabirds
• What is this section MOSTLY about?
- Penguins are one kind of bird that lives in
- Penguins shuffle along the ice.
- Penguins form a huddle to keep warm.
- As they grow, penguins develop stiff
• Something that is fierce is very strong or violent.
• The fierce wind blew a tree down.
• What word means the opposite of fierce?
• If something whips, it moves or hits quickly and
• During a tornado the wind whips around
• What else whips besides the wind?
• The fine, soft feathers on a bird are called down.
• Down helps protect birds from cold.
• The word down can also mean going from
a higher to lower place.
• How can you keep warm when
the temperature goes down?
• The word junior means younger or smaller.
• There were to grown seals and one junior
seal at the zoo.
• What is the difference between
a junior animal and a grown
• A huddle is a group of animals or people that is close
• The football players formed a huddle to
decide on their next play.
• What does a huddle usually
• When you make a noise and the sound is repeated, it
• My voice echoes in the cave.
• In what other places can you hear how a
• A person who shuffles walks without lifting his or her feet
off the ground.
• My little brother shuffles when he puts on
• Why do you think someone
• When two vowels together make one sound,
they are called a vowel digraph. The letters
ow and oa stand for the long o sound, as in
snow and road.
• The letter o has the long o sound when it
comes before the consonants, ld, as in cold.
Sort the Words
• Fold Soap