Journal

					           Journal
1) Does the U.S. have a duty to fight for
   freedom in neighboring countries?
2) When should the U.S. intervene in the
       affairs of another country?
   The Spanish-American War
 What  factors contributed to the United
 States’ involvement in a war with
 Spain?
   Spanish-American War

              Yellow
            Journalism




             Factors
            Increasing
             Hostility
Explosion                  The
  of the                 de Lome
 Maine                    Letter
Spanish-American War



        Factors
       Increasing
        Hostility
      Cubans Rebel Against Spain
•   19th Century Spain losing its empire
•   Only Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam and Phillipines
    remined.
•   America had interest in Cuba (90 miles from FL)
    and had many investments.
•   Pres. Pierce tried to buy it from Spain, but they
    refused to sell Cuba.
•   When Cuban rebelled , American sympathies
    went with the Cuban people.
      Mixed Opinion in America
   Support the Cubans!
    Enthusiastic about the rebel cause!!!
   (Sounds like the American Revolution)!
    “Cuba Libre”!


   Support Spain!
    Business Interests in Cuba/Protect our investments
                 Yellow Journalism
Spain decided to crush the revolt by herding the entire
rural population of Cuba and placing them in
concentration camps.

American newspapers caught wind of this.
There was a competition between two newspaper publishers (Hearst and
   Pulitzer).
Each one tried to outdo each other and gain readers.
They wrote sensational stories (Poisoned wells, children being thrown to the
   sharks). This style of writing is called Yellow Journalism.
This increased American sympathy towards the rebels and fanned the winds of
   war.
Heart: “You furnish pictures, and I’ll furnish a war.” ~upon hearing from his
   artist that war was unlikely
               de Lome Letter
Newly elected President McKinley wanted to avoid war
   with Spain at all costs.
He sent a diplomat and Spain improved the situation in
   Cuba.
In 1898, the New York Journal published a private letter
   from de Lome, the Spanish minister to the U.S.
The letter called McKinley “weak” and a “bidder for the
   admiration of the crowd.”
Americans were insulted and angry.
The U.S.S. Maine Explodes
                A few days after the de
                 Lome letter was
                 published, The Maine (A
                 ship docked in Hanava
                 to return American
                 citizens who were in
                 danger) blew up.
                No one knew how it
                 blew up but the
                 newspapers were quick
                 to assign blame.
Yellow Journalism and The Maine
                   Hearst’s Headline:
                   THE WARSHIP
                    MAINE WAS SPLIT IN
                    TWO BY AN
                    ENEMY’S SECRET
                    INFERNAL
                    MACHINE
                   He offered a reward for
                    the capture of the
                    Spaniard who had
                    supposedly done this.
     REMEMBER THE MAINE!
   This became the rallying cry
    for all of those who wanted
    war even though Spain gave
    into all of America’s
    demands.
   Despite this, the public
    opinion was in favor of war,
    so on April 1898, McKinley
    asked Congres for a
    declaration of war and got his
    request a few days later.
                       Journal
   Why would the following want America to go to war
    with Spain?
     -Hearst/Pulitzer
    -Americans who read newspapers
    -Imperialists
    -Cubans
   Who wouldn’t want America to fight Spain?

   HW: Study for test tomorrow!!!!
                    Journal
   How does the 14th Amendment relate to the Roe
    v. Wade Supreme Court Decision?

   Homework: Study for test!!!
              Current Events due Friday
              (South Dakota abortion ban)
              Debate Friday

				
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