1) Does the U.S. have a duty to fight for
freedom in neighboring countries?
2) When should the U.S. intervene in the
affairs of another country?
The Spanish-American War
What factors contributed to the United
States’ involvement in a war with
of the de Lome
Cubans Rebel Against Spain
• 19th Century Spain losing its empire
• Only Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam and Phillipines
• America had interest in Cuba (90 miles from FL)
and had many investments.
• Pres. Pierce tried to buy it from Spain, but they
refused to sell Cuba.
• When Cuban rebelled , American sympathies
went with the Cuban people.
Mixed Opinion in America
Support the Cubans!
Enthusiastic about the rebel cause!!!
(Sounds like the American Revolution)!
Business Interests in Cuba/Protect our investments
Spain decided to crush the revolt by herding the entire
rural population of Cuba and placing them in
American newspapers caught wind of this.
There was a competition between two newspaper publishers (Hearst and
Each one tried to outdo each other and gain readers.
They wrote sensational stories (Poisoned wells, children being thrown to the
sharks). This style of writing is called Yellow Journalism.
This increased American sympathy towards the rebels and fanned the winds of
Heart: “You furnish pictures, and I’ll furnish a war.” ~upon hearing from his
artist that war was unlikely
de Lome Letter
Newly elected President McKinley wanted to avoid war
with Spain at all costs.
He sent a diplomat and Spain improved the situation in
In 1898, the New York Journal published a private letter
from de Lome, the Spanish minister to the U.S.
The letter called McKinley “weak” and a “bidder for the
admiration of the crowd.”
Americans were insulted and angry.
The U.S.S. Maine Explodes
A few days after the de
Lome letter was
published, The Maine (A
ship docked in Hanava
to return American
citizens who were in
danger) blew up.
No one knew how it
blew up but the
newspapers were quick
to assign blame.
Yellow Journalism and The Maine
MAINE WAS SPLIT IN
TWO BY AN
He offered a reward for
the capture of the
Spaniard who had
supposedly done this.
REMEMBER THE MAINE!
This became the rallying cry
for all of those who wanted
war even though Spain gave
into all of America’s
Despite this, the public
opinion was in favor of war,
so on April 1898, McKinley
asked Congres for a
declaration of war and got his
request a few days later.
Why would the following want America to go to war
-Americans who read newspapers
Who wouldn’t want America to fight Spain?
HW: Study for test tomorrow!!!!
How does the 14th Amendment relate to the Roe
v. Wade Supreme Court Decision?
Homework: Study for test!!!
Current Events due Friday
(South Dakota abortion ban)