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					                                      阅读理解B
[ 试卷中的题目说明 ]
阅读理解(共 10 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 30 分)
   此部分共有2篇短文,在第一篇短文后有5个正误判断题,从每题后的两个选项中选出
正确答案;在第二篇短文后有5个问题。请从每个问题后的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出正确
选项。
42、      Mr. White lived in a small village. His parents hadn't enough money to send him
to school. He had to help them to do something in the fields. But he didn't like to live
in the poor place. When he was sixteen, he got to the town and found work in a factory.
Three years later he became tall and strong. So he was sent to Africa as a soldier. He
stayed there for five years and got some money. Then he came back to England and bought
a shop in a small town. No people in the town went to Africa except him. And he hoped
they thought he was a famous man and that they could respect him. The children often
asked him to tell them some stories and his life in Africa.
      One day a few children asked him to tell them something about the animals in Africa.
He told them how he fought with the tigers and elephants. His stories surprised them
all and some policemen and workers went to listen to him. It made him happier. Just a
man who taught geography in a middle school passed there. He stopped to listen to him
for a while and then said, "Could you please tell us a rare animal, sir?"
      "Certainly," said Mr. Turner. "One day I met a rhinoceros(犀牛) by a river…"
      "Please wait a minute, sir," said the man. "There aren't any rhinoceros in Africa
at all!"
      "It's rare just because there aren't any!"


(1)、Mr. White was born in a farmer's family.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(2)、Mr. White hoped to be respected because he was the richest man in their town.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(3)、The children often asked him to tell them something interesting because he knew more than
any other person in the town.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(4)、All people believed Mr. White except the children.
A:T
B:F
答案:B
(5)、Mr. White wouldn't like to admit that he was wrong.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


43、      If you travel by air across the center of Africa or South America, you fly over
forests for thousands of kilometers. These great forests are the oceans of trees. There
are thousands and thousands of different kinds of plants and animals.
      However, the world's forests are getting smaller all the time. We are cutting down
the trees because we need wood, and we need more farmland. Some people say that there
will not be any forests like these in 20 or 30 years. What will happen if they disappear?
      If we cut down our forests, a lot of plants and animals will disappear from the world.
In a lot of places the new farmland will soon look like the old deserts. Crops will not
grow there. It will not rain very often, and the weather will get very hot. Perhaps the
climate of the world will change. This will be dangerous for everyone in the world. That
is why we must take care of our forests.


(1)、The passage mainly tells us about the importance of taking care of plants.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(2)、Forests are homes for different kinds of animals.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(3)、The need for more wood and more land help to protect our forests.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(4)、We'll have more and greater forestsn in 20 or 30 years in some people's view.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(5)、The writer thinks it necessary to protect the forests.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


44、      What makes one person more intelligent than another? What makes one person a
genius, like the brilliant Albert Einstein, and another person a fool? Are people born
intelligent or stupid, or is intelligence the result of where and how you live? These
are very old questions and the answers to them are still not clear.
      We know, however, that just being born with a good mind is not enough. In some ways,
the mind is like a leg or an arm muscle. It needs exercise. Mental exercise is particularly
important for young children. Many child psychologists (心理学家) think that parents
should play with their children more often and give them problems to think about. The
children are then more likely to grow up bright and intelligent. If, on the other hand,
children are left alone a great deal with nothing to do, they are more likely to become
dull and unintelligent.
      Parents should also be careful with what they say to young children. According to
some psychologists, if parents are always telling a child that he or she is a fool or
an idiot, then the child is more likely to keep doing silly and foolish things. So it
is probably better for parents to say very positive things to their children, such as
"That was a very clever thing you did." or "You are such a smart child."


(1)、The word "intelligent" in the 1st paragraph probably mean bright.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(2)、According to the context we can guess that a genius is a normal person while an idiot is
a funny person.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(3)、A person born with a good brain and putting it into active use is more likely to become a
genius.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(4)、It is better for parents to praise and encourage their children more often.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(5)、Intelligence is obviously the result of where and how you live.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


45、       A man got into a train and found himself sitting opposite a woman who seemed
to be about thirty-five years old. Soon they began talking to each other, and the man
said to her, "Do you have a family?"
      "Yes, I have one son," the woman answered.
      "Oh, really?" said the man. "Does he smoke?"
      "No, he's never touched a cigarette," the woman replied.
      "That's good," the man continued. "I don't smoke either. Tobacco is very bad to one's
health. And does your son drink wine?"
      "Oh, no," the woman answered at once. "He's never drunk a drop of it."
      "Then I congratulate you, ma'am," the man said. "And does he ever come home late
at night?"
      "No, never," his neighbor answered. "He goes to bed immediately after dinner every
night."
      "Well," the man said, "he's a wise young man. How old is he?"
      "He's six months old today. But he will grow up to be a gentleman," the woman replied
proudly.


(1)、The man and the woman are talking about the woman's son.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(2)、The woman thinks her son will be a gentleman.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(3)、The conversation took place on a train.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(4)、The word "disappointed" probably best describes the man's feeling at the end of the
conversation.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(5)、The woman is so proud of her son that she does not really understand what the man's questions
mean.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


46、       Mr. Young ran his own business and worked very hard. His wife was afraid that
he would get sick if he continued like that, so she often tried to get him to take a
vacation. At last she managed to persuade him to do so, and she hoped that he would be
able to enjoy his vacation without any disturbance, so before they left, Mrs. Young went
to see her husband's secretary. She said to her, "My husband needs a vacation very much,
so whatever happens, please don't bother him with telegrams and letters about business
problems while we are away. Just wait till we get back."
      After Mr. and Mrs. Young had been away about a week, Mr. Young received a letter
from his secretary which said, "Something terrible happened to your business, but I'm
not going to bother you with it while you are enjoying your vacation."


(1)、Mr. Young was the owner of a private business.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(2)、Mrs. Young worried about her husband's business.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(3)、Mrs. Young was afraid that her husband's vacation might be spoilt.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(4)、The secretary didn't explain in her letter what had happened to Mr.Young's business, because
she didn't want to spoil Mr. Young's vacation.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(5)、You can learn from the story that Mr. Young had a stupid secretary.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


47、      Here is a story told about an American general who was a very important figure
in the American army during the First World War. Everybody in the United States knew
him and many people wished to have a picture or something of his in their homes.
      Soon after the war the general returned to Washington. One day he went to a dentist
and had six teeth pulled out. A week later the general heard that his teeth were being
sold in shops at $5 each. On each of the teeth there was a label with the name of the
general and words: "buy these teeth and show them to your friends at home." The general
got angry. He rushed to his office and ordered six officers to go around the city and
buy all his teeth.
      The officers went out and visited every shop in the capital. They were away from
the office all day. In the evening they returned and put on the table in front of the
general the teeth they had bought. They had collected 175 teeth.


(1)、Many families wanted to have a signature of the general.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(2)、The general came back to Washington after the First World War.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(3)、The general ordered his men to look for all his teeth and buy all of them.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(4)、The fact that the general's name was on the label of each tooth shows that the general was
famous.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(5)、The teeth they collected most probably cost $1150.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


48、       The word "horsepower" was first used two hundred years ago. James Watt had made
the world's first widely used steam engine. He had no way of telling people exactly how
powerful it was, for at that time there were no units for measuring power.
      Watt decided to find out how much work one strong horse could do in one minute. He
called that unit one horsepower. With this unit he could measure the work his steam engine
could do.
      He discovered that a horse could lift a 3300-pound weight 10 feet into the air on
one minute. His engine could lift a 33-pound weight 100 feet in one minute.
      Because his engine did ten times as much work as the horse, Watt called it a ten
horsepower engine.


(1)、The passage says that Watt made the first widely used steam engine.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(2)、Watt wanted to find a way to lift a 3300-pound weight.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(3)、He made up a unit of measurement based on the strength of a horse.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(4)、One horsepower would equal the weight of one horse.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(5)、The possible title for this passage is The Origin of the Term "Horsepower".
A:T
B:F
答案:A


49、      Snowflakes look like white stars falling from the sky. But there have been times
when snow has looked red, green, yellow, or black. There have been snowflakes of almost
every color. Think how it would seem to have colored snowflakes coming down all around
you.
      Black snow fell in France one year. Another year grey snow fell in Japan. It was
found that the snow was mixed with ashes. This made it look dark. Red snow had come down
in other countries. When this happened, the snow was mixed with red dust.
      Most snow looks white, but it is really the color of ice. Snow is ice that comes
from snow cloud. Each snowflake begins with a small drop of frozen water. More water
forms around this drop. The way the water freezes gives the snowflakes its shape.
      No two snowflakes are ever just the same size or shape. Sometimes the snowflakes
are broken when they come down. Other snowflakes melt as they fall. All snowflakes are
flat and have six sides, if they are not broken or melted. When the air is cold and dry,
the falling snowflakes are small and hard. If the air wet and warm, the snowflakes are
big and soft.
      Would you be surprised to see snowflakes as big as your head falling from the sky?
It happened once in the United States. It could happen again.


(1)、The first two paragraphs mainly tell us that sometimes snow has different colors.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(2)、No two snowflakes are just the same size, but all snowflakes are hard.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(3)、Snowflakes begin with cloud.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(4)、The bigger the snowflakes are, the softer they are.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(5)、Black snow fell only in European Countries.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


50、      Hobbs was an orphan. He worked in a factory and every day he got a little money.
Hard work changed him thin and weak. He wanted to borrow a lot of money to learn to paint
pictures, but he did not think he could pay off the debts.
      One day a lawyer said to him, "One thousand dollars, and here is the money." As Hobbs
took the package of notes, he was very dumbfounded(惊呆了的). He didn't know where
the money came from and how to spend it. He said to himself, "I could go to find a hotel
and live like a rich man for a few days, or I give up my work in the factory and do what
I'd like to do: painting pictures. I could do that for a few weeks, but what would I
do after that? I should have lost my place in the factory and have no money to live on.
If it were a little less money, I would buy a new coat, or a radio, or give a dinner
to my friends. If it were more, I could give up the work and pay for painting the pictures.
But it is too much for one and too little for the other."
      "Here is the reading of your uncle's will," said the lawyer, "telling what is to
be done with this money after his death. I must ask you to remember one point. Your uncle
has said you must bring me a paper showing exactly what you did with his money, as soon
as you have spent it."
      "Yes, I see. I will do that," said the young man.


(1)、He wanted to borrow money because he wanted to learn to paint pictures.
A:T
B:F
答案:A
(2)、With the money he got, Hobbs first planned to have a happy life for a few days.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(3)、What Hobbs was asked to do was nothing but to buy some pictures.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(4)、What Hobbs really loved to do was painting pictures.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(5)、The best title for the passage.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


51、     Elvis Aron Presley, was often called "the king of rock music", died on August
  th
16 , 1977, at the age of forty-two. He left a great influence on popular music, and
millions of fans. During his lifetime, Elvis sold more than four hundred million records.
After Presley died, many of his records rose quickly. When Presley died, many mourners
journeyed to Memphis, Tennessee, Presley's home, to pay their last respects. While most
of these fans knew a lot about the songs of Elvis, few of them knew the story of how
Elvis had his first record which was for his mother. He paid four dollars to a small
Memphis recording shop, and recorded two songs. The songs were "My Happiness" and "That's
Where Your Heartaches Begin". Sam Philips, who owned the shop where Elvis made the record,
liked Presley's songs. He said he would call him some day. About a year later, Philips
did call and ask him to cut a record. This first record had "Blue Moon of Kentucky"on
one side, and "That's All Right, Mama"on the other.


(1)、The passage is mainly about how Elvis Presley began his career.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(2)、Mourners are usually record-producers.
A:T
B:F
答案:B
(3)、Without the record for his mother, Elvis might not have become a star.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(4)、When Presley died, people went to Memphis for his mother's story of life.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(5)、The passage shows that many people loved Elvis.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


52、      Three men traveling on a train began a conversation about the world's greatest
wonders.
      "In my opinion," the first man said, "the Egyptian pyramids(埃及金字塔)are the
world's greatest wonder. Although they were built thousands of years ago, they are still
standing. And remember: the people who built them had only simple tools. They did not
have the kind of machinery that builders and engineers have today."
      "I agree that the pyramids in Egypt are wonderful," the second man said, "but I do
not think they are the greatest wonder. I believe computers are more wonderful than the
pyramids. They have taken people to the moon and brought them back safely. In seconds,
they carry out mathematical calculations that would take a person a hundred years to
do."
      He turned to the third man and asked, "What do you think is the greatest wonder in
the world?"
      The third man thought for a long time,and then he said, "Well,I agree that the
pyramids are wonderful, and I agree that computers are wonderful, too. However, in my
opinion, the most wonderful thing in the world is this thermos."
      And he took a thermos out of his bag and held it up.
      The other two men were very surprised. "A thermos?" they exclaimed. "But that's a
simple thing."
      "Oh, no,it's not, "the third man said. "In the winter you put in a hot drink and
it stays hot. In the summer you put in a cold drink and it stays cold. How does the thermos
know whether it's winter or summer?"


(1)、The underlined word "thermos" in Chinese means "保温瓶".
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(2)、That the three men could not agree on what the world's greatest wonder was because they all
had different ideas.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(3)、The first man thought the pyramids were the most wonderful things in the world because they
had been built with very simple tools.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(4)、The third man thought a thermos was the most wonderful thing in the world because it cost
less than a computer.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(5)、The third man was not very clever because he could not think of anything to say.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


53、      In the world, soccer or football is the most popular sport. This is because many
countries have wonderful teams for the World Cup. The World Cup is held every four years.
      To remember 2002 FIFA World Cup, children from different countries and more than
60 children from Japanese schools came together and spent three weekends drawing a big
picture called "Dream World Cups" in Japan. The children drew animals, flowers and people
playing soccer under a blue bright sky. They wished each football team good luck by
drawing the flags of all the countries that will take part in the World Cup in Japan
and South Korea. The picture was put up in a park near a playground in Yokohama. Some
football teams will have games there.
      Are you a football fan?The World Cup makes more and more people interested in
football. Teenagers like playing and watching football. Many of them love some football
stars so much that they get the pictures of their favourite players on the walls of their
rooms. That is the way to show their love for the World Cup as children in Japan.


(1)、If a country wants to take part in the World Cup, she must have many football players.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(2)、The next World Cup will be held in 2006.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(3)、From the passage, in the picture children drew many things except pictures of some football
stars.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(4)、In "Dream World Cup", the children drew the flags of some countries to tell the people their
stories.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(5)、Many teenagers own the pictures of some football stars because they are football fans.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


54、        Tom arrived at the bus station quite early for Paris bus. The bus for Paris would
not leave until five to twelve. He saw a lot of people waiting in the station. Some were
standing in line, others were walking around. There was a group of schoolgirls. Their
teacher was trying to keep them in line. Tom looked around but there was no place for
him to sit.
      He walked into the station cafe. He looked up at the clock there. It was only twenty
to twelve. He found a seat and sat down before a large mirror on the wall. Just then,
Mike, one of Tom's workmates came in and sat with Tom.
      "What time is your bus?" asked Mike. "There's plenty of time yet" answered Tom.
      "Well, I'll get you some more tea then" said Mike.
      They talked while drinking. Then Tom looked at the clock again. "Oh! It's going
backward" he cried. "A few minutes ago it was twenty to twelve, and now it's half past
eleven."
      "You're looking at the clock in the mirror." said Mike. Tom was so sad. The next
bus was not to leave for another hour. Since then Tom has never liked mirrors.


(1)、Tom went into the station cafe because Mike asked him to have a cup of tea.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(2)、When Tom looked at the clock in the mirror it's half past twelve.
A:T
B:F
答案:A
(3)、From the story we know that when we look at a clock in a mirror, we will find it's going
backward.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(4)、Tom arrived in Paris on time.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(5)、Tom and Mike talked while drinking.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


    55、A story is told about a soldier who was finally coming home after having fought in Vietnam.
He called his parents from San Francisco. "Mom and Dad, I'm coming home, but I've a favor to ask.
I have a friend. I'd like to bring him home with me."
      "Sure," they replied, "we'd love to meet him."
      "There's something you should know," the son continued, "he was injured pretty badly in the
fighting. He stepped on a land mine(地雷) and lost an arm and a leg. He has nowhere else to
go, and I want him to live with us."
      "We're sorry to hear that, son. But, maybe we can help him find somewhere to live."
      "No, Mom and Dad, I want him to live with us."
      "Son," said the father, "you don't know what you're asking. Someone with such a handicap would
be a terrible burden to us. We have our own lives to live, and we can't let something like this
interfere with our lives. I think you should just come home and forget about this guy. He'll find
a way to live on his own."
      At that point, the son hung up the phone. The parents heard nothing more from him. A few days
later, however, they received a call from the San Francisco police. Their son had died after falling
from a building. The police believed he had killed himself.
      The grief-stricken(悲痛欲绝的) parents flew to San Francisco and were taken to the city
morgue(太平间) to identify the body of their son. They recognized him, but to their horror they
also discovered something they didn't know, their son had only one arm and one leg.


(1)、The soldier called his parents from San Francisco after having fought in Vietnam.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(2)、The soldier told his parents that he wanted them to meet his friend in the army.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(3)、His father considered his plan unacceptable.




A:T
B:F
答案:A


(4)、A few days later the parents were told by the police that their son had killed himself.


A:T
B:F
答案:A


(5)、The son killed himself because he was unable to find a job.


A:T
B:F
答案:B


    56、Many people believe they are supposed to drink eight glasses of water a day, or about
two liters. Why? Because that is what they have been told all their life. But a new report offers
some different advice. Experts say people should obey their bodies; they should drink as much
water as they feel like drinking.
    The report says most healthy people meet their daily needs for liquid by letting thirst be
their guide. The report is from the Institute of Medicine, part of the National Academies. This
organization provides scientific and technical advice to the government and the public.
    The report contains some general suggestions. The experts say women should get about
two-point-seven liters of water daily. Men should get about three-point-seven liters. But wait
- in each case, that is more than eight glasses.
    There is an important difference. The report does not tell people how many glasses of water
to drink. In fact, the experts say it may be impossible to know how many glasses are needed to
meet these guidelines. This is because the daily water requirement can include the water content
in foods. People do not get water only by forcing themselves to drink a set number of glasses
per day. People also drink fruit juices and sodas and milk. They drink coffee and tea. These all
contain water.
      As you might expect, the Institute of Medicine says people need to drink more water when they
are physically active. The same is true of those who live in hot climates. Depending on heat and
activity, people could need two times as much water as others do.




(1)、According to the passage, experts advise people to drink as much water as they feel like
drinking.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(2)、Most healthy people meet their daily needs for water by drinking when they are tired.


A:T
B:F
答案:B


(3)、The Institute of Medicine usually changes some traditional ideas.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(4)、People's daily water requirement can include the water content in foods.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(5)、People need to drink more water when they live in hot climates.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


    57、My Aunt Edith was a widow of 50, working as a secretary, when doctors discovered what
was then thought to be a very serious heart disease.
    Aunt Edith didn't accept defeat easily. She began studying medical reports in the library
and found an article in a magazine about a well-known heart surgeon, Dr. Michael DeBakey, of Houston,
Texas. He had saved the life of someone with the same disease. The article said his fees were
very high; Aunt Edith couldn't possibly pay them. But could he tell her of someone whose fees
she could pay?
    So Aunt Edith wrote to him. She simply listed her reasons for wanting to live: her three
children, who would be on their own in three or four more years; her little-girl dream of traveling
and seeing the world. There wasn't a word of self-pity-only warmth and humor and the joy of living.
She mailed the letter, not really expecting an answer.
    A few days later, my doorbell rang. Aunt Edith didn't wait to come in; she stood in the hall
and read aloud:
               Your beautiful letter moved me very deeply. If you can come to Houston, there will
            be no charge for either the hospital or the operation.
                                                         Signed :Michael DeBakey


(1)、Aunt Edith stopped working as a secretary when she knew she had a very serious heart disease.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(2)、From the story we can see Aunt Edith accepted defeat easily.


A:T
B:F
答案:B


(3)、In Aunt Edith's letter to the doctor, she showed she was warm, humorous and enjoying living.


A:T
B:F
答案:A


(4)、When Aunt Edith mailed her letter, she didn't expect the doctor would give her a reply.


A:T
B:F
答案:A


(5)、Michael DeBakey mainly told Aunt Edith in the letter that her disease was so serious that
he couldn't cure her.


A:T
B:F
答案:B


    58、When I begin to look back on all friends whom I have had, I quickly came to the conclusion
that Jerry was the most important and had the greatest effect upon my life. His family moved to
my block when I was only 10. Jerry was 15 at the time, but the fact that he was so much older
than me seemed to make no difference to him. I was very glad that he liked me. We took long walks
together, on which he would tell me stories he had heard form TV and radio programs.
    But as months went by, a change came into our friendship. Jerry almost stopped coming by the
house, and every time I went to his house or telephoned, he put me off with some excuses such
as "I'm studying now" or "I've got some jobs to do for Mum". When we passed on the street, he
would still give me a warm smile and friendly wave with a "Hi, kid", but he would hardly ever
stop to talk. Finally I realized that he was no longer interested in me and that his taste had
changed. I noticed him with a girl once in a while and several times saw him going out in his
family's car on a Friday or Saturday night. I simply couldn't understand what was so great about
girls and parties.
      But I was hurt when he finally made me know that our friendship was at an end. Of course he
didn't really mean to hurt me, but it was a long time before I realized that it was an age problem
that caused the break. There were a world of differences between the ideas and interests of a
17-year-old and a 12-year-old. Now that I'm over sixteen myself, I realized this, and the hurt
I got then has become happy memories of the good times we were once together. I wonder if millions
of other boys and girls have had a similar experience.


(1)、When the writer and Jerry first met, Jerry was 5 years older than the writer.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(2)、Their friendship lasted for a few years.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(3)、Jerry stopped playing with the writer because he was busy with his study.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(4)、When a change came in their friendship, the writer started going to parties with girls.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(5)、The main idea of the passage is that the age difference plays a part in friendship.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


    59、Albert Einstein had a great effect on science and history, greater than what only a few
other men have achieved. An American university president once commented that Einstein had created
a new outlook, a new view of the universe. It may be some time before the average mind understands
fully the identity of time and space and so on-but even ordinary men understand now that the
universe is something larger than ever thought before.
    By 1914 the young Einstein had gained world fame. He accepted the offer to become a professor
at the Prussian Academy of Science in Berlin. He had few duties, little teaching and unlimited
opportunities for study, but soon his peace and quiet were broken by the First World War.Einstein
hated violence. The misery of war affected him deeply, and he sat unhappily in his office doing
little. He lost interest in his research. Only when peace came in 1918 was he able to get back
to work.
    In the years following World War I honors were increasingly heaped on him. He became the head
of the Kaiser Whihem Institute of Theoretical Physics. In 1921 he won the Noble Prize, and he
was honored in Germany until the rise of Nazism when he was driven from Germany because he was
a Jew.




(1)、The main idea of Paragraph 1 is the change in human thought produced by Einstein.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(2)、According to the American university president, The theory of relativity can be quickly
learned by everyone.


A:T
B:F
答案:B


(3)、According to Paragraph 2, Albert Einstein headed a research institute.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(4)、According to the passage Einstein did his greatest work when he was young.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(5)、It may be concluded that Albert Einstein was forced to serve in the German army.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


    60、All over the world people enjoy sports. Sports help to keep people healthy, happy and
help them to live longer.
    Sports change with the season. People play different games in winter and summer.
    Games and sports often grow out of people's work and everyday activities. The Arabs use horses
or camels in much of their everyday life; they use them in their sports, too.
    Some sports are so interesting that people everywhere go in for them. Football, for example,
has spread around the world. Swimming is popular in all countries near the sea or in those with
many rivers.
    Some sports or games go back to thousands of years ago, like running or jumping. Chinese boxing,
for example, has a very long history. But basketball and volleyball are rather new. Neither one
is a hundred years old yet. People are inventing new sports or games all the time.
    People from different countries may not be able to understand each other, but after a game
they often become good friends. Sports help to train a person's character. One learns to fight
hard but fight fair, to win without pride and to lose with grace.
(1)、According to this passage we know that people began to play about one hundred years ago.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(2)、The writer didn't tell us in this passage that basketball was invented in America.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(3)、People all over the world enjoy sports because sports are interesting.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(4)、From this passage we can see that according to the author sports and games are significant
to our life in many respects.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(5)、The writer's attitude towards sports is positive.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


    61、Dieting to lose weight has become very popular in recent years. People have become more
health conscious and try to take better care of their bodies by eating more nutritiously(有
营养) and exercising more regularly to lose any unnecessary fat that they may have.
    Not only are people being more careful about what they eat, they are also concerned with how
they eat and how their meals are prepared. People are taking more time for each meal. Many avoid
the so-called " plastic " fast-food hamburgers and choose to eat a salad or a sandwich of more
healthful ingredients(成分) in a quiet restaurant with a more leisurely atmosphere. At home,
they also try to take enough time to eat a relaxed dinner without phone or TV interruptions.
    While dieting may be viewed as beneficial, it has also become a serious problem for Americans,
particularly for young women. Dieting for them has actually become a psychological addiction
(依赖). They eat so little that they can lose as much as fifty percent of their total body weight,
and although they look like skeletons, they still insist that they are fat.
      The current wave of exercising, dieting and the problems produced have caused many
organizations to begin educating the public. Many schools, hospitals, health organizations,
newspapers and magazines, for example, are offering classes, printing booklet articles, etc. to
inform the public of the way to exercise and diet, of the dangers of dieting too rapidly, and
of the places people can go for medical help if they find themselves on the road to "diet addiction".


(1)、These days people are dieting more because they have become more health conscious.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(2)、They are taking less time for each meal now.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(3)、"    They look like skeletons"in the third paragraph most probably means they are too thin.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(4)、The main idea of the last paragraph is about what kind of mediums can be used to educate
the public.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(5)、According to this passage the atmosphere of eating has something to do with health.


A:T
B:F
答案:A


    62、Until 1983, Tillson Lake had been a lovely weekend and vacation place for many families.
Then everything changed. During the Fourth of July weekend, residents woke up one morning to find
that the lake had disappeared.
    Some people didn't believe what they were seeing. They looked again, but to their amazement
they found they had been right the first time. The lake was simply no longer there. In its place
was a big muddy hole, 30 feet deep. It was as if the lake had been a giant bathtub and someone
had pulled the plug.
    The lake's owner, Joseph Unanue, did indeed pull the plug. That's exactly what happened. The
dam that held back the water to form the lake was falling apart, so government officials ordered
him to repair it. They issued him a permit to lower the dam level "five feet or more."He did much
more. Mr. Unanue found repairs to the dam would cost $100,000. He didn't want to spend that much,
so he opened the dam and lowered the water level until the lake was completely emptied. People
living above the dam ended up with no lake. People living below the dam ended up with tons of
mud and lots of dead fish. Everyone involved was angry with Mr. Unanue.
      Area residents believed Mr. Unanue acted out of spite(恶意). They said he wanted to get
back at them because the town wouldn't let him develop an amusement park on the lakeshore. When
he couldn't build his park, he just went away and took his lake with him.


(1)、The story is mainly about a bad-tempered man and his lake.


A:T
B:F
答案:A


(2)、The lake was compared to a bathtub because it could be emptied out.


A:T
B:F
答案:A


(3)、Mr.Unanue emptied out the lake because the lake was too full.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(4)、Neighbors think Mr. Unanue is tired of swimming.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(5)、The situation could be changed by repairing the dam.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


63、      Herman had worked for the bank of Ruritania for ten years and was still only
a clerk. He was not satisfied with the position and wanted to find something better.
Yet he did not want to lose his position in bank before he had got another one, so he
prepared a letter about himself, with the words "HELP! I AM A PRISONER OF THE BANK OF
RURITANIA!" in big letters across the top. Then he sent it to several other banks, asking
them for a job.
      A few days later, one of these letters came into the hands of Herman's boss at the
bank; someone had given it to him at a party. The next morning, Herman's boss asked him
to come into his room and said, "Herman, I have some very good news for you. The bank
of Ruritania is setting you free!"


(1)、Herman was not happy because he was in prison in the bank.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(2)、Herman did not want to leave the Bank of Ruritania immediately because he had not found a
better job yet.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(3)、He wished some other bank to give him a better job.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(4)、A few days later, Herman's boss found one of these letters in his office.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(5)、The boss asked Herman to come into his room as he decided to fire him.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


64、     These days, children often think of superheroes(超级英雄) as cute(漂亮的), cool
and strong supermen. A poor, short and thin boy wearing glasses may not interest the
kids today. Yet in less than 4 years, Harry Potter has taken the world by the storm.
J. K. Rowling, the writer of Harry Potter, was a British single mother out of work and
living on money given to her by the government. One day, when she was on a long train
trip,she had the idea for this book. She wrote the first book of the seven in the cafe
with her baby daughter sleeping beside her. Last year, the fans welcomed the birth of
the fourth by lining outside the bookstores. Today these books are still popular among
people. Harry Potter is something more than fantasy (幻想). Rowling tries to tell the
readers how things are not always what they seem to be. However, millions of the fans
don't care about such a lesson. They would like to spend many sleepless nights waiting
in line for the fifth, the sixth and the seventh to come. For them, surprising stories
of the little boy are what they want.


(1)、J.K. Rowling was very poor and didn't get work for herself when she wrote the first book.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(2)、When Rowling thought of the idea of writing her book, she was on her way to find work.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(3)、Four books of the seven have come out according to this passage.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(4)、Rowling want to show to her readers,how things are not always what they seem to be.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(5)、Rowling wrote the first book with her daughter's help.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


65、      Computers can injure you. Most other injuries happen suddenly. For example,
if you fall off a bike and break your arms,it happens very quickly. But computer injuries
happen slowly.
      You probably know how to ride a bike safely. Now learn to use a computer safely.
      Your eyes
      Too much light can injure your eyes,so never sit too close to a computer screen.
Your eyes should be at least 50cm from the screen. Remember to look away from it sometimes.
This gives your eyes a rest.
      When you use a computer, the window should be on your left or your right. If it is
behind you, the light will reflect on (反射) the screen. If the window is in front of
you, the sun and the screen will both shine into your eyes.
      Your hands and wrists
      Hand and wrist injuries can happen because the hands and wrists are moved in the
same way hundreds of times. If you use a keyboard for a long time,follow these three
rules:1) Rest your wrists on some thing. 2) Keep your elbows (肘) at the same height
as the keyboard. 3) Stop sometimes and exercise your hands,wrists and fingers in a
different way.
      Your back
      Some people sit for many hours in front of a computer. If you sit in the wrong way,
you can injure your back or your neck. So you should sit with your back straight. The
top part of the screen should be in front of your eyes. Your forearms,wrists,hands
and the upper part of your legs should all be parallel (平行) to the floor. If you are
sitting for a long time,get up every 30 minutes and exercise your arms,legs and neck.
      Enjoy your computer,but use it safely.


(1)、A computer screen may injure your eyes if your eyes are too close to it.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(2)、Hand and wrist injuries are caused when you get plenty of exercise.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(3)、Your eyes and hands will be safe if you often take rests from working.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(4)、It is good for your back and neck if you sit in the right way.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(5)、The best title for the text Would be How to Protect Your Eyes.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


66、      E-mail is one of the biggest threats to your home computer. By understanding
how E-mail works,and by taking some steps in how you deal with reading and writing
messages,you can keep this threat out of your computer. When you exchange E-mail with
             the
someone else, messages sent between you and that person pass through several computers
before they reach their places. Imagine this conversation as it is taking place in an
Internet "room",a very,very big room. Anyone,or more exactly,any program can probably
understand what is being said,because most Internet conversations are not hidden in
any way. As a result,others may be listening in,capturing what you send,and using
it for their own good.
      E-mail-borne viruses (病毒) often arrive in attractive, fantastic appearances, much
like the beautiful ads we receive by way of traditional mail that is made to sell us
something. By beautiful appearances,an infected (感染) E-mail message seems to be
something we want to read from someone we know,not a mean virus ready to destroy or
damage our computers.
      There are some steps that you can take to help you decide what to do with every E-mail
message with an attachment (附件) that you receive. You should only read a message that
passes all of these tests:
      1) The Know Test: Is the E-mail from someone that you know?
      2) The Received Test: Have you received E-mail from this sender before?
      3) The Expect Test: Were you waiting for E-mail with an attachment from this sender?
      4) The Meaning Test: Do the topic line of the E-mail message and the name of the
attachment both have meanings?
      5) The Virus Test: Is the E-mail infected?


(1)、The main idea of the first paragraph is that we should learn how E-mail works to take care
of our computers.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(2)、The underlined word "capturing" probably mean "Taking".
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(3)、As the Internet is open to anyone,we should not read and write messages in our home computers.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(4)、The passage is mainly talking about The Safety of Home Computers.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(5)、E-mail-borne viruses can infect human body.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


67、      For several years,Americans have enjoyed teleshopping-watching TV and buying
things by phone. Now teleshopping is starting in Europe. In a number of European
countries,people can turn on their TVs and shop for clothes,jewelry,food,toys,
and many other things.
      Teleshopping is becoming popular in Sweden,for example. The biggest Swedish company
sells different kinds of things on TV in 15 European countries,and in one year it made
$100 million. In France there are two teleshopping channels,and the French spend about
$20 million a year to buy things through those channels.
      In Germany,until last year teleshopping was only possible on one channel for 1 hour
every day. Then the government allowed more teleshopping. Other channels can open for
telebusiness,including the largest American teleshopping company and a 24-hour
teleshopping company. German businesses are hoping this new teleshopping will help them
sell more things.
      Some people like teleshopping because it allows them to do their shopping without
leaving their homes. With all the problems of traffic in the cities,this is an important
reason. But at the same time,other Europeans do not like this new way of shopping. They
can teleshopping "junk on the air". Many Europeans usually worry about the quality of
the things for sale on TV. Good quality is important to them,and they believe they cannot
be sure about the quality of the things on TV.
      The need for high quality means that European teleshopping companies will have to
be different from the American companies. They will have to be more careful about the
quality of the things they sell. They will also have to work harder to sell things that
the buyers cannot touch or see in person.


(1)、Teleshopping is cheap in Europe.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(2)、People like teleshopping because it is easier.
A:T
B:F
答案:A


(3)、Some Europeans don't like teleshopping because they don't watch TV.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(4)、In Germany,teleshopping may have fewer buyers.
A:T
B:F
答案:B


(5)、The best title of this passage is " Teleshopping in Europe" .
A:T
B:F
答案:A




      74、The French Revolution broke out in 1789. At the time France was in a crisis. The

government was badly run and people's lives were miserable. King Louis XIV tried to control the

national parliament and raise more taxes. But his effort failed. He ordered his troops to Versailles.

The people thought that Louis intended to put down the Revolution by force. On July 14, 1789,

they stormed and took the Bastille, where political prisoners were kept. Ever since that day, July

14 has been the French National Day. Louis tried to flee the country in 1792, to get support from
Austria and Prussia. However, he was caught and put in prison. In September 1792, the monarchy

was abolished. In the same year, Louis was executed. A few months later his wife, Marie, also had

her head cut off. The Revolution of France had frightened the other kings of Europe. Armies from

Austria and Prussia began to march against France. The French raised republican armies to defend

the nation. The Revolution went through a period of terror. Thousands of people lost their lives. In

the end, power passed to Napoleon Bonaparte.



(1)、What's this passage about?
A:France.
B:King Louis.
C:The French Revolution.
D:Europe.
答案:C


(2)、Which did not happen in 1789?
A:The French Revolution broke out.
B:The national economy was developing rapidly.
C:The government wasn't well run.
D:King Louis XIV was in power.
答案:B


(3)、Where were the political prisoners kept?
A:In Versailles.
B:In Austria.
C:In Prussia.
D:In Bastille.
答案:D


(4)、What does the underlined word "abolished" mean?
A:Put off.
B:Established
C:United
D:Ended
答案:D


(5)、What was NOT the effect of the Revolution?
A:July 14 has become the French National Day.
B:It brought some impact on the other European kings.
C:Louis's wife, Marie was killed.
D:The king tried to control the national parliament.
答案:D


    75、Sixteen-year-old Maria was waiting in line at the airport in Santo Domingo. She was

leaving her native country to join her sister in the United States. She spoke English very well.

Though she was very happy she could go abroad, she was feeling sad at leaving her family and

friends. As she was thinking all about this, she suddenly heard the airline employee asking her to

pick up her luggage and put it on the scales (称). Maria pulled and pulled. The bag was too heavy

and she just couldn't lift it up. The man behind her got very impatient. He, too, was waiting to

check in his luggage.

    "What's wrong with this girl?" He said, "Why doesn't she hurry up?" He moved forward and

placed his bag on the counter, hoping to check in first. He was in a hurry to get a good seat.

    Maria was very angry, but she was very polite. And in her best English she said, "Why are you

so upset? There are enough seats for everyone on the plane. If you are in such a hurry, why can't

you give me a hand with my luggage?"

       The man was surprised to hear Maria speak English. He quickly picked up her luggage and
stepped back. Everyone was looking at him with disapproval.

(1)、Maria's story happened _______
A:when she was leaving America
B:on her way back to Santo Domingo
C: before she left the USA
D:when she arrived at the airport
答案:D


(2)、You believe that the work of the airline employee mentioned in the story is to ______ at
the airport.


A:help carry people's luggage
B:ask people to pick up the luggage
C:check people's luggage
D:take care of people's luggage
答案:C


(3)、 "Why are you so upset?" Maria said to the man. She wanted to tell him that he should not
be _____.


A:surprised and worried
B:sad and angry
C:unhappy and worried
D:sad and sorry
答案:C


(4)、 "Everyone was looking at him with disapproval."This sentence means that the people around
felt ____.
A:worried about Maria
B:worried about the man
C:sorry for Maria's manners
D:sorry for the man's manners
答案:D


(5)、The author mentioned Maria's age at the beginning of the story in order to show that _____ .
A:she was young but behaved properly
B:she would not have left home alone
C:everyone around her was wrong
D:it was not good that nobody offered to help her
答案:A


     76、By definition, heroes and heroines are men and women distinguished by uncommon

courage, achievements, and self-sacrifice made most for the benefits of others - they are people

against whom we measure others. They are men and women recognized for shaping our nation's

consciousness and development as well as the lives of those who admire them. Yet, some people

say that ours is an age where true heroes and heroines are hard to come by, where the very idea of

heroism is something beyond us - an artifact of the past. Some maintain, that because the Cold

War is over and because America is at peace, our age is essentially an unheroic one. Furthermore,

the overall crime rate is down, poverty has been eased by a strong and growing economy, and

advances continue to be made in medical science.

     Cultural icons are hard to define, but we know them when we see them. They are people who

manage to go beyond celebrity (明星), who are legendary, who somehow mange to become

mythic. But what makes some figures icons and others mere celebrities? That's hard to answer. In

part, their lives have the quality of a story to tell. For instance, the beautiful young Diana Spencer

who at 19 married a prince, renounced marriage and the throne, and died at the moment she found

true love. Good looks certainly help. So does a special indefinable charm, with the help of the

media. But nothing confirms an icon more than a tragic death - such as Martin Luther King, Jr.,
John F. Kennedy, and Princess Diana.



(1)、The passage mainly deals with ______.
A:life and death
B:heroes and heroines
C:heroes and icons
D:icons and celebrities
答案:C


(2)、Heroes and heroines are usually _________.
A:courageous
B:exemplary
C:self-sacrificing
D:all of the above
答案:D


(3)、Which of the following statements is wrong?       _________
A:Poverty in America has been eased with the economic growth.
B:Superstars are famous for being famous.
C:One's look can contribute to being famous.
D:Heroes and heroines can only emerge in war times.
答案:D


(4)、Beautiful young Diana Spencer found her genuine love________.
A:when she was 19
B:when she became a princess
C: just before her death
D:after she gave birth to a prince
答案:C


(5)、What is more likely to set an icon's status? ________
A:Good looks.
B:Tragic and early death.
C:Personal attraction.
D:The quality of one's story.
答案:B


       77、How men first learnt to invent words is unknown; in other words, the origin of

language is a mystery. All we really know is that men, unlike animals, somehow invented certain

sounds to express thought and feelings, actions and things, so that they could communicate with

each other; and that later they agreed upon certain signs, called letters, which could be combined
to present those sounds, and which could be written down. Those sounds, whether spoken or

written in letters, we call words.

       The power of words, then, lies in their associations - the things they bring up before our

minds. Words become filled with meaning for us by experience; and the longer we live, the more

certain words recall to us the glad and sad events of our past; and the more we read and learn, the

more the number of words that mean something increases.

       Great writers are those who not only have great thoughts but also express these thoughts in

words which appeal powerfully to our minds and emotions. This charming and telling use of

words is what we call literary style. Above all, the real poet is a master of words. He can convey

his meaning in words which sing like music and which by their position and association can move

men to tears. We should therefore learn to choose our words carefully and use them accurately, or

they will make our speech silly and vulgar.



(1)、The origin of language is _________.


A:a legend handed down from the past
B:a matter that is hidden or secret
C:a question difficult to answer
D:a problem not yet solved
答案:D


(2)、What is true about words? _______
A:They are used to express feelings only.
B:They can not be written down.
C:They are simply sounds.
D:They are mysterious.
答案:C


(3)、The real power of words consists in their ______.
A:properties
B:characteristics
C:peculiarity
D:representative function
答案:D


(4)、By "association" in the last paragraph, the author means ______.
A:a special quality
B: a joining of ideas in the mind
C:an appearance which is puzzling
D:a strange feature
答案:B


(5)、Which of the following statements about the real poet is NOT true? _________


A:He is no more than a master of words.
B:He can convey his ideas in words which sing like music.
C:He can move men to tears.
D:His style is always charming.
答案:A


     78、When John and Victoria Falls arrived in New York City for one-year stay, they did not

bring very many things with them. They had planned either to live in a furnished apartment or to

buy used furniture. But they soon learned about a new system that more and more people are using.

The renting of home furnishings (bed, tables, dishes, and so on) has become one of America's

fastest growing businesses.

     What kinds of people rent their home furnishings instead of buying them? People who are

international business or government officials, foreign students, airline workers, young married

couples - people whose job or business may force them to move frequently from one city to

another. They save a lot of trouble and the cost of moving their furniture each time. They simply

rent new furniture when they reach their new homes. Young people with little money do not want

to buy cheap furniture that they may soon dislike. They prefer to wait until they have enough

money to buy furniture they really like. Meanwhile, they find they can rent better quality furniture

than they could afford to buy.

     One family, who now have a large, beautiful home of their own, liked their rented furniture

so much that they decided to keep renting it instead of buying new things. But usually people don't

like to tell others about it. The idea of renting home furnishings is still quite new, and they are not

sure what their neighbors might think.




(1)、Which of the following has become one of America's fastest growing businesses? ______________


A:Selling home furnishings.
B:Renting furnished apartments.
C:Selling used furniture.
D:Renting home furnishings.
答案:D


(2)、Why do some people prefer to rent furniture?_______________________


A:Because the furniture they get in this way is new.
B:Because it saves them a lot of money.
C:Because it saves them much trouble and money.
D:Because they can always get better quality furniture in this way.
答案:C


(3)、What can you infer from the passage?_____________________
A:The idea of renting furniture is not acceptable.
B:Renting furniture is not popular in the couple's home town.
C:Only those who don't have enough money to rent furniture.
D:People usually grow to like the furniture they have rented.
答案:B


(4)、Which of the following can best serve as the title of the passage?___________


A:Rent or Buy?
B:A New Way of Getting Home Furnishings.
C:Furnished Apartments.
D:A New Idea.
答案:B


(5)、Young people liked renting home furniture in that___________
A:They have less money.
B:They don't want to buy old furniture.
C:The new furniture is of good quality.
D:They don't have much money and don't want to buy the cheap furniture.
答案:D


    79、A characteristic of American culture that has become almost a tradition is to respect the

self-made man - the man who has risen to the top through his own efforts, usually beginning by

working with his hands. While the leader in business or industry or the college professor occupies

a higher social position and commands greater respect in the community than the common laborer

or even the skilled factory worker, he may take pains to point out that his father started life in

America as a farmer or laborer of some sort.
     This attitude toward manual (体力的) labor is now still seen in many aspects of American

life. One is invited to dinner at a home that is not only comfortably but even luxuriously (豪华地)

furnished and in which there is every evidence of the fact that the family has been able to afford

foreign travel, expensive hobbies, and college education for the children; yet the hostess probably

will cook the dinner herself, will serve it herself and will wash dishes afterward; furthermore,

the dinner will not consist merely of something quickly and easily assembled from contents of

various cans and a cake or a pie bought at the nearby bakery. On the contrary, the hostess usually

takes pride in careful preparation of special dishes. A professional may talk about washing the car,

digging in his flowerbeds, painting the house. His wife may even help with these things, just as he

often helps her with the dishwashing. The son who is away at college may wait on table and wash

dishes for his living, or during the summer he may work with a construction gang on a highway in

order to pay for his education.



(1)、From Para. 1, we know that in America _________.
A:people tend to have a high opinion of the self-made man
B:people can always rise to the top through their won efforts
C:college professors win great respect from common workers
D:people feel painful to mention their fathers as labors
答案:A


(2)、According to the passage, the hostess cooks dinner herself mainly because _________.


A:servants in America are hard to get
B:she takes pride in what she can do herself
C:she can hardly afford servants
D:It is easy to prepare a meal with canned food
答案:B


(3)、The underlined expression "wait on table" in Para. 2 means "_________".
A:work in a furniture shop
B:keep accounts for a bar
C:wait to lay the table
D:serve customers in a restaurant
答案:D


(4)、The author's attitude towards manual labor is _______.
A:positive
B:negative
C:humorous
D:critical
答案:A


(5)、Which of the following could be the best title of the passage? ________


A:A Respectable Self-made Family
B:American Attitude toward Manual Labor
C:Characteristics of American Culture
D:The Development of Manual Labor
答案:B

				
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