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Liquid Glucose - PDF

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Liquid Glucose

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									New Technologies
Liquid Glucose (Project Cost Rs.50 Lakhs ) Consultancy fee – Rs.9 Lakhs Liquid Glucose, a highly viscous material, is at present extensively used as sweetening agent in confectionery , bakery and other food preparations. The product first came into existence in the field of carbohydrate sweetening soon after the second World War. The uniqueness of this product is its high viscosity, sticky nature and ability to control sweetening , which makes liquid glucose a good doctoring agent for confectionery purpose. Starch, the most abundant carbohydrate obtained from plant kingdom, is the starting raw material for making Liquid Glucose. Starch is commonly produced from corn, millets and tubers; which grows proliferously in sub-tropical countries. Starch is isolated from the plant source as an aqueous suspension of pure granules. In developed and developing countries, separation of starch granules from the aqueous suspension is done in a sophisticated way involving high investment. In India, although the starch production from the various sources is mostly confined to small scale sector/cottage industries, some of the big industries also separate starch for their captive consumption.

Mozzarella Cheese (Project Cost Rs.50 Lakhs ) Consultancy fee – Rs.9 Lakhs Mozzarella Cheese is an unripened, soft and white cheese whose melting and stretching properties are highly suitable for Pizza making. Although the demand for Mozzarella cheese in India is on the increase due to the proliferation of Pizza parlours and expansion of fast food chains, there are no organized dairies engaged in its manufacture. The increasing demand has generated a need for process and product standardization. At present the main constraint in the commercial exploitation appears to be the paucity of full understanding of the technical aspects in the manufacture of the product. A process has been standardized to manufacture Mozzarella Cheese of uniform composition. The total time

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required to manufacture Mozzarella Cheese is shortened by using direct acid method. A method has also been developed to manufacture Mozzarella cheese from buffalo milk mixed with goat milk. Tamarind Powder (Project Cost Rs.50 Lakhs ) Consultancy fee – Rs.9 Lakhs Tamarind (Tamarindus Indica L) is an important adjunct/ condiment used daily as sour ingredient in the Indian cookery. The sourness in the tamarind pulp is attributable to tartaric acid (8-18%), maleic and citric acids (about 2%). Pods are harvested once in a year when the crop ripens in winter. They are decuticled deseeded and the resultant pulp is extracted in water for use in a variety of food items like Sambar, Rasam, Puliogere, Chutneys, Sauces etc. The seeds are used commercially for the manufacture of sizing powders. India produces about 0.25 Million tonnes of tamarind pulp per annum, bulk of it coming from the States of Madhya Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Orissa and to a limited extent from Bihar, Maharashtra and Karnataka.. Most of the production is consumed in the country and very little quantity is exported in native or dried condition. A process for manufacture of tamarind juice concentrate was developed in India. This product has become very popular in the metropolitan cities, towns as well as in many urban areas. This product is being exported in significant quantities mainly to gulf countries. However, transportation and material handling of the concentrate is a problem to the exporters and leaveslow margin to them. A process has been developed for the production of dehydrated 'Tamarind Powder' with a free flowing nature. The product would be compact and convenient to use and handling and as a result the cost of transportation and material handling, packing, etc. Would be very low.

Biofertilizer (Project Cost – Rs 1.5 Crores) Consultancy fee – Rs.14 Lakhs Biofertilizer is a large population of a specific or a group of beneficial microorganisms, millions and billions of them are incorporated aseptically into sterile carrier materials such as peat, lignite or charcoal. Such material is generally packed in plastic bag and sold to the farmers as biofertiliser for enhancing the productivity of soil either by fixing atmospheric nitrogen or by solubilising soil phosphorus or by

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stimulating plant growth through synthesis of growth promoting substances. In view of the huge area under cultivation for pulses, oilseeds, cereals, millets, fibre, sugarcane and vegetable crops, there is enormous potential for biofertiliser marketing in India. About 460 million packets of inoculate of 200 g each are required for inoculating to various crops having a coverage of 184 million hectare in India. Looking into the future expansion of areas and evolution of better strains which would be required to be provided everywhere, the future expected demand of biofertiliser is to be in the order of 15,000 to 20,000 MT per year.

Specific Protein from E.coli (Project Cost Rs 30 Crores) Consultancy fee – Rs.1.5 Crores

A technique for producing a selected protein using E. coli bacteria has been developed. The technique, developed in cooperation with a University in NJ involves the production of a specific protein at a low temperature of 10-15 degree C. The new approach raises the production efficiency by around 200 times compared with conventional methods and makes the refining process unnecessary. The distiller, now diversifying into the field of genome research, plans to license the technique to pharmaceuticals makers and others at others at home and abroad. The domestic market for proteins produced through gene manipulation for medical and other applications is estimated to be worth US $ 2.5 billion/year.

Biodegradable Two-Stroke Engine Oil ( 2T Oil ) (Project Cost Rs 20 Crores) Consultancy fee – Rs.90 Lakhs In India nearly 70,000 – 80,000 tons/year of 2-stroke engine oils are consumed annually by two wheelers. Currently all 2-stroke engine oils being used are produced from crude oil derived lube base stocks or synthetic oils. An institute in India has developed biodegradable non-edible vegetable oil based 2-stroke Engine oil that offers better or similar performance as petroleum or synthetic oil based products.

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This agricultural-based 2-stroke engine oil will be less expensive than petroleum or synthetic oils and offers significant benefits to environment and to the end users. The present technology relates to a composition of biodegradable lubricants for two-stroke engine, comprises simple or trans monoesters such as alkyl ester or epoxy alkyl ester or aryl alkyl ester or mixture thereof, based on non-edible vegetable oils, such as Karanja (Pongamia Glabra), Neem (Mellia Azadirachta), Ricebran (Oryza Sativa), Mahua (Madhuca Indica), Castor (Ricinus Communis), Linseed (Flax-Linium Usitatissimum.), other similar oils or mixture thereof. In addition to mono-esters, the composition also contains an antioxidant, a metal deactivator, an extreme pressure additive, an antifoaming agent, a pour point depressant, a anti-icing agent, a corrosion inhibitor, a detergent-dispersant and a combustion improver, according to which it produce lower amounts of observable smoke in the exhaust-emission as a result of combustion in a two-stroke gasoline engine, needs lower concentrations, produce lower amounts of observable smoke in the exhaust-emission, require no miscibilityenhancing solvents, needs lower concentrations, and are significantly biodegradable. The lubricant compositions of the present technology would be particularly suited for water and air cooled 2T engines. The composition exhibits excellent miscibility with mineral and synthetic oil in all proportions. The main advantages of the present invention are, reduced use of petroleum, green house gases & emissions, having higher smoke index 150 to 250, beneficial to farmers, require no miscibility-enhancing solvents, needs lower concentrations such as fuel-lube ratio 100:0.2 to 100:2 and safer to handle due to higher flash point of 200-260° C. The present lubricant would be particularly suited for water cooled or air cooled 2T engine such as operating outboard motors, snow mobiles, motor boats, motorcycles, scooters, mopeds, gensets and a variety of landscaping equipment, e.g., lawn mowers, chain saws, string trimmers and blowers, etc.

Manufacturing of Glass Wares from Waste Glass (Project Cost – Rs 1.5 Crores) Consultancy fee – Rs.14 Lakhs The process involves manufacturing of 330 tonne/ annum glass table wares for domestic use, including dinner wares, bowls and tumblers etc. This small scale venture uses a 1.5 tpd capacity oil/gas fired day

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tank glass melter for hand gathering of molten glass. The production process is semi-automatic. Waste glass, bottle and table wares etc. purchased from market will be washed after sieving and then crushed to small size granules. Crushed glass will be charged into the melter tank, every day at the end of the day's work, so that the molten glass is available next morning for working. The glass melting will be a 24 hour process and the glass forming will be carried out in a single shift (day). A little amount of refining agents and colouring metal oxides will be mixed with the waste glass before charging into the melter, to expel the air bubbles and to improve the colour of the glass. The molten glass gathered at the end of a gathering iron by a helper is delivered to the press machines where it is pressed into any shape with the help of cast iron moulds. The moulded glass wares will be loaded on an edge melter machine for fire polishing and then loaded into the electric glass annealing Lehr (a continuous heat treatment furnace maximum temperature 600 degree C.).

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