Information Technology, Problem-Solving and Web Pages, Chapter 2, p 43
Changes to information systems are made for generally two reasons; to
increase efficiency and or to increase effectiveness.
1 List the characteristics of increases in efficiency.
Email – this is because sale representatives don’t have to
travel to and from places to give information. It saves a lot of
time by sending an email.
1 List the characteristics of increases in effectiveness.
Attractiveness: If a magazine is more attractive, than more people
are going to buy it, thus making the magazine more effective at
Problem Solving: ADDTDIE
Designing the solution, p 44
Choosing an appropriate software application.
1 Distinguish between off-the-shelf software and custom-made software
On-the-shelf software can be bought form retail outlets; however,
custom-made software cannot be bought from such outlets. It needs to
be designed and written specifically to the needs of the organisation.
2 What is a flow chart?
A flow chart is used to indicate the essential procedures that are to be
employed to create a solution and generate the required ouput.
User interfaces and effective information architecture
1 Describe what is meant by information architecture.
This refers to the structure of the website and its navigational
2 When planning the design of the website elaborate on each of the
Accessibility – This means don’t use fancy software that other
users may not be able to use. This means try not using ONLY
Meaning – Make sure that every one will be able to understand it,
not a select group of people. Try to use a universal language or
explain somewhere what you are talking about.
Comprehension – When using images, use the appropriate
pictures that go with the text and what makes sense. Use
something that people will understand universally.
Consistency – Have navigation on every page. This helps the
website keep the same feel about it and when minor changes are
need, it will be easy to locate them.
Choosing layout designs
1 Why are layout diagrams used?
Layout diagrams are used because they provide a visual
representation of how the final designed product will look. This helps
see the page will look and if any changes need to be made.
2 What is a storyboard?
A storyboard is a tool used to design the features of each individual
page. A series of storyboards provide helpful tools for visual problem-
3 What is a sitemap?
A site map is a graphic representation of how each page of the
website links together.
Choosing conventions and applying formats, p 48
1 What does it mean to format information?
To format information means to create and/or change the appearance of
a document by altering features such as fonts, margins, spacing,
columns, tables, graphics, borders, page numbers, headers and footers.
2 What are conventions?
Conventions are simply formal ways of displaying information. They are
the rules which people follow when creating information products.
Conventions of web pages:
1 Naming of files, how should files be named?
2 Screen Size, what are the screen sizes of the machines we are using in
3 What is the suggested length of a line of text?
4 List what should be on an index page.
5 List, in abbreviated form the tips for effective website design.
6 How many fonts should be used in a web page?
7 What types of images are suitable for web page display?
8 Distinguish between vector and raster graphics.
9 How is file size of images reduced?
10 List the conventions in relation to color.
Elements of Design of a web site, p 53.
1 List the elements of design of a website.