Body Language and Performance Psychology by g4lLQMnZ


									Body Language and
Performance Psychology
Learning how to read people and perform better.
-Pupils dilate


Detect lying on deception

Detecting interest from a possible
List some non-verbal cues for the following:

 Someone interested            Someone not interested

  exposure of elbow crease     Arms fold across chest

  long eye contact             Rigid stance

  Angled stance                Continuing to square up
                               to you
  Relaxed posture
                               Glancing past you
  Touching of the hand, leg,
  shoulder or face             Fidgeting
Translate these
-Lifting an eyebrow   Disbelief

-rubbing your nose    Puzzlement

-clasping your arms   Protecting ourselves

-wink one eye         Seeking intimacy

-tap finger           impatience
Are facial displays of emotion
universal among cultures?
Yes. Theorized by Darwin proven by Ekman,
Friesen, and Sorenson.
Some of the displays are joy, surprise, fear, anger,
disgust, contempt, and shame.
Summarize each of Dr.
Halls’ concepts:
Intimate distance:
 Acceptable for family, friends, lovers, and

 parent/child (touching 18 inches)

 -In confined to indicate w/strangers body must
 remain rigid to indicate apology for touching

 -Glances are ok but long gazes are seen as completely
     Personal Distance

Close (18-30 inches) -wives and
husbands, when others move in it
portrays them as interested , can hold
Far (30-48 inches) called “limit of
physical domination, acceptable for
meeting someone on the street
           Social Distance
Close (4-7 feet) transact interpersonal business,
house wife/repairman, meeting someone new,
boss greeting an employee
Far (7-12 feet) Formal social or business
relationships, Big boss and employee. This
distance means steady eye contact during
conversation, failure to do so is disrespectful.
Can allow you to keep working w/out seeming
         Public Distance

Close (12-25 feet) teacher addressing
Far (25 or more) Politicians (for
*There are harsh sanctions for
invading these distances
        In what way do we use body language to
         indicate dominance? How is this done?

Your position in relation to someone else is judged by your height


   Seated while they stand

   Sitting at the head of the table
      In dealing with space, what is the 1st thing
       you can do to break down someone's self
        assurance? Where is this seen and used?
Intruding upon someone's person and space makes them
    uncomfortable and uneasy
   Police officers


   People trying to start a fight

   Men hitting on women

   Boss with employees

*Makes the person that is being intruded on feel as if they are a
   non-person. They feel disrespect by the other person, as if they
   do not care.
T/F Smiling is the most common
mask we wear, and it is one that is
          over used.
True. Most masking
techniques are taught through
culture and are considered
“manners” or “etiquette”
When do we drop our masks?

When we are intimately comfortable w/
the person or when we see them as a
*Extreme ends of the spectrum/usually
worn to protect someone's feelings or
our own
      In order to develop a
relationship, of any kind, what
       must first happen?
Both must unmask and show their
true selves, for if not they can not
become close
 How do our emotions manifest themselves
  w/out us being aware? Give examples.

Crossing arms in front of chest for protection –frightened

Curled upper lip - disgust

Corners of mouth up turned –enjoyment

Looking away or fighting -embarrassment
 Besides your clothes, what is the 1st thing people notice
    about you? How can this help you obtain a date?

            Guys                                    Girls

   Stance or Walk                        Stance
        Provides messages as to              Uninterested or
        your intentions                      Defensive
           Hips forward w/ legs                   Arms crossed
           spread                                 Tight Face
           Thumbs locked on belt                  Rigid Posture
           with fingers pointed
           inward                            Interested
                                                  Expose neck, elbow
                                                  crease, open stance

Counter these by offering up complimentary & opposing body
language. If trying to show interest hold your gaze or glance longer
than appropriate (just a little/ don’t be a creeper) .
What things can be done after gaining someone’s attention
        to progress to a more intimate encounter?

   After flirting as commenced:
       Invade body space minimally enough for obvious
       objection. Stay till they become comfortable
       Let eyes linger in areas where short glances would be
       Stare into her/him while drawing attention to places
       like mouth, neck, chest groin.

   Attention must be narrowed to that one person, not
   spread around to others
What are some ways you can tell if
      he/she is available?
Look for a ring or pale skin on the ring finger

Stance while sitting
   Knees apart/ holding gaze/ loose posture

   Draws attention to mouth, neck, thighs, chest, hips,

   Hips forward or loose/ sway or swagger of hips/
   shoulders back 7 head up
When on “the make” what rules
are different for a man and
woman? How are they different?

TouchingMen can not touch,
while women can.

 *when a man touches a woman
will be seen as being
uncomfortable, while a woman’s
touch is seen as showing a sign of
great interest.

A woman may also adjust her
skirt, uncross her legs, draw
attention to her chest, or pout
her mouth
According to Dr. Scheflen,
what happens to both men
& women upon meeting
someone they are
interested in breeding
-Step 1 Posture Changes
    •Muscles Tense
    •Body sagging disappears
    •Posture becomes erect
    •Stomach tightens
    •Face Blushes or glows
    •Preening begins
        •Adjusting of clothes/
        hair/ makeup
According to Dr. Scheflen,
what happens to both men
& women upon meeting
someone they are
interested in breeding
Step two- Positioning

•    Couples will sit together

•    Face each other

•    Lean into one another

•    Use arms to make a circle

•    Cross their legs towards each other
    What are some things a less aggressive woman
      might do to convey interest to a man?

•   Flirting glances

•   Holding his eye

•   Turning her head to one side (expose neck)

•   Rolling her lips

•   Revealing the top of her thigh by crossing her legs

•   Putting her hand on her hip

•   Exposing her wrist or palm
T/F 93% of communication is understood
      through the spoken word.

       The answer is FALSE

7% spoken 93% body language
  What can posture be used to transmit?

• Question           • Protection
• Statement          • Inclusion
• Interest           • Exclusion
• Non- Interest
What are the “rules of thumb” for looking at a
     person in the following situations:

 Passing someone on the    People with unusual hair,
 street:                   clothes, facial hair, hair or
    Must look away when    piercings:
    within 8 feet              Stare then look away

 Putting a person down:    Make sure to follow these
    Stare and continue     rules as not to be socially
 True/False When studying
kinesics, one must take all of
 the following into account:
1. Situation

2. All body movements at the time

3. Any physiological patterns

True- No single motion stands alone, there is always a
In a sequence of
Kines, what body
part needs to change
in order to change
the meaning of the

It’s the
MOUTH, dude!
That’s right it’s your pie hole!
  Using the example of Bob, what is a
common trait among successful leaders?
Listening to what followers have to say &
want, then leading them in the that direction.
Imitate body language to denote interest while
subduing signs of disinterest
Not making to many movements without real
What are         1. Intense
some ways        Practice of
an athlete
can prepare
                 both Physical
for              and Mental
competition      skills.
in order to      2. Rest
perform at a     3. Relaxation
higher level?
Rank these in
                 4. Healthy
their order of   Diet
What must be done prior to performance to
stimulate enhancement of performance?
The participant must go through their physical warm up, and then
needs to become calm and relaxed, almost in a state of meditation, and
start to visualize their performance. This visualization should be as if
the participant is watching a movie, they should be able to rewind, fast
forward, and put it in slow motion.
Explain how visualization helps to
       better performance.
Visualization will allow the participant to focus and
concentrate on how they want/need for their body to
react and function in order to perform to their optimal

Visualization also allows the participant to continue to
perform reguardless of what happens around them
during competition, due to the fact that they are still
focused on performing the way they saw in their mind.

Visualization allows for relaxation of the body to
stimulate recovery, and also allows the muscles to react
to the situation the way it was imagined.
       Outline the proper way to
     visualize prior to performing.
I.    Quite & Relaxed

II. Slow Down Breathing & Heart Rate

III. Become introspective

IV. Start to begin playing movie

V. Check to make sure you can use all of your senses in
      the movie

VI. Begin to slowly move back to your normal state
What is key to
performing well?
Having the right mind set and
having confidence in yourself!!

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