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					               ACADEMIA mgh            C/ HILERAS 4, 28013 (MADRID) Tf: 915479607 - 915596356

                                            INGLÉS: EXAMEN DE INGRESO
                                        ESCALA SUPERIOR DE OFICIALES 2003

                                     LENGUA INGLESA - COMPRENSIÓN ESCRITA


El presente ejercicio examina su capacidad de comprensión escrita. Encontrará cuatro textos seguidos, cada uno de ellos, de
cinco preguntas relacionadas con el mismo. Deberá elegir la mejor respuesta: A), B), C) o D) basándose en lo que aparece
escrito en el texto o en lo que se puede deducir del mismo, y plasmar la respuesta elegida en la hoja de respuestas. Dispone
de un tiempo máximo de cuarenta (40) minutos para la realización de la prueba desde que se declare la hora de inicio de la
misma. La hoja de respuestas informatizada debe completarse dentro del tiempo máximo de la prueba, puesto que no
dispondrá de tiempo adicional para completarla. No está permitido el uso de libros, apuntes o diccionarios.

EJEMPLO: Lea el siguiente texto:

John Quincy Adams, who served as the sixth president of the United States from 1825 to 1829, is today recognized for his
masterful statesmanship and diplomacy. He dedicated his life to public service, both in the presidency and in the various
other political offices he held. Throughout his political career he demonstrated his unswerving belief in freedom of speech,
the anti-slavery cause, and the right of Americans to be free from European and Asian domination.

Ejemplo 1: To what did John Quincy Adams devote his life?
         A)       Improving his personal life                         C)        Increasing his fortune
         B)       Serving the public..                                D)        Working on his prívate business

De acuerdo con el texto, John Quincy Adams «dedicated his life to public service ". Por lo tanto, debería elegir la respuesta

Ejemplo 2: The passage implies that John Quincy Adams held
          A)        No political offices                           C)       Exactly two political offices
          B)        Only one political office                      D)       At least three political offices
El texto afirma que John Quincy Adams "served in the presidency and vadous other political offices". Luego debería elegir la

Seguidamente conteste a las preguntas del ejercicio siguiendo las instrucciones anteriores.

                                                         TEXTO 1

The hotel was, at one and the same time, a shop selling local products, a restaurant serving food typical of the region, and
a bar where the people of Viscos could gather to talk about what they always talked about: how the weather was doing, or
how young people had no interest in the village. “'Nine months of winter, three months of hell”, they used to say, referring
to the fact that each year they had only ninety days to carry out all the work in the fields fertilising, sowing, waiting, then
harvesting the crops, storing the hay and shearing the sheep
Everyone who lived there knew they were clinging to a world whose days were numbered, even so, it was not easy for them
to accept that they would be the last generation of the farmers and shepherds who had lived in those mountains since long
ago. Sooner or later the machines would arrive, the livestock would be reared far from there on special food, the village
itself might well be sold to a big multinational that would turn it into a ski resort. That is what had happened to other
villages in the region, but Viscos had resisted because it owed a debt to the past, to the strong traditions of those ancestors
who had once chosen to live here, and who had taught them the importance of fighting to the bitter end.

1.        The hotel was . .
          A)        a retail point                                    C)        abandoned
          B)        too big                                           D)        used for farming

2.        The other villages...
          A)       were bigger tham Viscos                            C)        had already changed their way of life
          B)       close to Viscos                                    D)        had stronger traditions

3.        Winter was....
          A)       the best season                                    C)        relatively warm
          B)       too long                                           D)        good for harvesting

4.        Viscos was well known for...
          A)        having a sky resort                               C)        its nice hotel
          B)        having a large population                         D)        sticking to the traditions

5.        Cattle was ...

              ACADEMIA mgh             C/ HILERAS 4, 28013 (MADRID) Tf: 915479607 - 915596356
         A)        controlled from a remote place                    C)        given special food
         B)        bred at Viscos..                                  D)        about to be sold to a multinational
                                                          TEXTO 2

The scientist, Roger Pemrose, was walking with some friends and talking animatedly. He fell silent only in order to cross the
street. ''I remémber that – as I was crossing the street -- an incredible idea came to me," Pemrose said. "But, as soon as we
reached the other side, we picked up where we left off, and I couldn't remember what I thought of just a few seconds
earlier”. Late in the afternoon, Pemrose began to feel euphoric -- without knowing why '''I had the feeling that something
had been revealed to me”, he said. He decided to go back over every minute of the day, and when he remembered the
moment when he was crossing the street -- the idea came back to him. This time, he wrote it down. It was the theory of
black holes, a revolutionary theory in modem physics. And it came back to him because Pemrose was able to recall the
silence that we always fall into as we cross a street.

6.       Roger Pemrose is...
         A)       the name of a stree                                C)        taking a great risk when crossing the street
         B)       a B.A.                                             D)        interested in physics

7.       This is a story about...
         A)         how to cross cross a street                      C)        how to pick up after crossing
         B)         how to learn physics                             D)        a strange finding

8.       When Pemrose was crossing.
         A)      he recalled his friends                             C)        he picked up his friends
         B)      he was silent                                       D)        he was talkative

9.       After crossing . ....
         A)        the first tome he took some notes                 C)        the second time he was not silent
         B)        the second time he recalled his idea              D)        the first time he stops talking

10.      He crossed the street…
         A)       twice on the same date                             C)        every other day
         B)       everyday                                           D)        only if his friend were silent

                                                          TEXTO 3

The Director of Companies was our captain and our host. We four affectionately watched his back as he stood in the bow,
looking to seaward. On the whole river there was nothing that looked half so nautical.
He resembled a pilot, which for me is trust-worthiness personified. It was difficult to realize his work was not out there in
the luminous estuary, but behind him, within the brooding gloom.
Between us there was, as I have already said somewhere, the bond of the sea. Besídes holding our hearts together through
long periods of separation, it had the effect of making us tolerant of each other´s yarns and even convictions. The Lawyer -
the best of old fellows - had, because of his many years and many virtues, the only cushion on deck, and was lying on the
only rug. The Accountant had brought out already a box of dominoes, and was toying architecturally with the bones. Marlow
sat cross-legged right aft, leaning against the mizzenmast. He had sunken cheeks, a yellow complexion, a straight back, an
ascetic aspect, and, with his arms dropped, the palms of hands outwards, resembled an idoL The Director, satisfied the
anchor had good hold made his way aft and sat down amongst us. We exchanged a few words lazily.

11.      How many characters are there in this part of the narration?
         A)      Three                                              C)         Four
         B)      Six                                                D)         Five

12.      The Director resembled
         A)       an airman                                          C)        someone experienced in the use of aircraft
         B)       an experienced seaman                              D)        an experienced host

13.      "...made his way aft" is similar in meaning to...
         A)       moved later                                        C)        moved rearward
         B)       moved sideways                                     D)        moved lazily

14.      Marlow was ....
         A)      leaning on the side of the vessel                   C)        waiting in front of the vessel
         B)      sitting in the middle of the deck                   D)        standing in the front of the vessel

15.      The lawyer was. ..
         A)       The best of the group                              C)        a man of doubtful virtue
         B)       like an idol                                       D)          a privileged man compared with his three

                                                          TEXTO 4

               ACADEMIA mgh             C/ HILERAS 4, 28013 (MADRID) Tf: 915479607 - 915596356

Long ago at the start of the world the wind and the sun were talking together when a dispute arose between them. Which of
them was the strongest, they wondered and to prove the point they agreed to have a contest.
Seeing a passing traveller, they decided to see which of them could take off his cloak first. The wind began and blew with
all his might, a cold and fierce blast to chill the bone. He tried to blow the man´s coat from his back, but the stronger he
blew, the closer the traveller gathered his cloak about him and the tighter he clasped it around his throat. Next, it was the
sun's turn breaking out from behind the clouds he let his warm, welcoming beams fall on to the traveller. The traveller,
feeling the gentle warmth on his shoulders, sat down and shrugged his cloak to the ground. It was clear that the sun had
won the contest.

16.       The story is about a contest between...
          A)        man and nature                                      C)        The wind and one man
          B)        the sun and the wind                                D)        The sun and one man

17.       The wind.. .
          A)       Saw the man first                                    C)        Started first
          B)       Stared at the man                                    D)        Was temperate

18.       The sun ...
          A)        won the contest                                     C)        was hampered by the wind
          B)        was hampered by the clouds                          D)        was helped by the clouds.

19.       The sun ...
          A)        Was gentle but colder                               C)        wellcomed the traveller
          B)        was warm and gentler                                D)        started first

20.       The moral could be...
          A)       do not use a cloak against the wind                  C)        wind is stronger but colder
          B)       do not stay in the sun with a cloak                  D)        persuasion is better than force

                                      LENGUA INGLESA - EXPRESIÓN ESCRITA


El presente ejercicio examina su capacidad de expresión escrita. Encontrará cuarenta preguntas seguidas de cuatro
respuestas posibles A), B), C) o D). Mayoritariamente las preguntas están basadas en una frase a la que le falta alguna
palabra o palabras, un pequeño número de preguntas consisten en la elección de una frase correcta entre cuatro posibles.
Deberá elegir la respuesta teniendo en cuenta qué palabra o grupo de palabras, de entre las cuatro opciones, encaja mejor
en la frase, haciendo que esta sea correcta gramaticalmente o en significado. Deberá plasmar la respuesta elegida en la
hoja de respuestas. Dispone de un tiempo máximo de cuarenta (40) minutos para la realización de la prueba desde que se
declare la hora de inicio de la misma. No está permitido el uso de libros, apuntes o diccionarios.

Ejemplo 1: She eats ............ but vegetables.
         A)        anything                                             C)        nothing
         B)        nobody                                               D)        none

La única palabra que puede usarse con esta construcción es nothing por lo tanto la respuesta elegida sería C).

Ejemplo 2: Select the correct sentence:
         A)        There's not a lot rneat left                         C)        There's not much of meat left
         B)        There's not a lot of meat left                       D)        There's not a much of rneat left

La única correcta gramaticalmente es " There´s not a lot of meat leff' por lo tanto la respuesta elegida sería B) .

Seguidamente conteste a las preguntas del ejercicio siguiendo las instrucciones anteriores.

1.        He ............ that man-made objects could be made to orbit the earth
          A)         pointed away                                    C)        pointed out
          B)         remarks up                                      D)        marked up

2.        He booked the tickets ............, but he arrived late
          A)       as soon when possible                                C)        so soon
          B)       earliest                                             D)        on advance

3.        lf you can ............ a thing , you dont need it and you don't mind giving it away
          A)        forget                                               C)        cross
          B)        spare                                                D)        wipe

4.        Select the correct sentence
          A)        I have been to New York twice                       C)        He has taken the exam last year
          B)        I use to play tennis everyday                       D)        He lived in Boston since 1987

           ACADEMIA mgh               C/ HILERAS 4, 28013 (MADRID) Tf: 915479607 - 915596356
5.    I am looking forward to ............them the truth.
      A)        tell                                                C)    telling
      B)        saying                                              D)    say

6.    The older children were .......... after themselves.
      A)        looked                                              C)    looking
      B)        look                                                D)    done

7.    There is ............ wine in the cask
      A)        any                                                 C)    many
      B)        few                                                 D)    some

8.    Jane aimed ............ the target and missed
      A)       at                                                   C)    in
      B)       on                                                   D)    far

9.    Select the correct sentence
      A)        We must control the incoming traffic                C)    He talks rather too much
      B)        He is rather fool                                   D)    I prefer to go in July than in August

10.   Next summer I´m going to be . .................
      A)      In the Great Britain                                  C)    in Great Britain
      B)      to Great Britain                                      D)    at Great Britain

11.   John wrote ........... to express his feeling of discontent
      A)       a request                                          C)      a complaisant
      B)       an application                                     D)      a complaint

12.   Places in the Mediterranean area have ............ weather
      A)         some warm                                       C)       a warm
      B)         warm                                            D)       the warm

13.   He is getting the train at ten, ............ ?
      A)        was he                                              C)    hasn't he
      B)        isn't his                                           D)    isn't he

14.   After he ............ an Olympic medal he retired
      A)        Had won                                             C)    has won
      B)        wins                                                D)    was winning

15.   John ............ the school staff in 1985
      A)         join                                               C)    joined
      B)         was joining                                        D)    has joined

16.   ............ are studying English
      A)          Everybody                                         C)    Everyone of we
      B)          All of us                                         D)    Any

17.   Good drívers ............ provide a lot of information about cars
      A)       able to                                             C)     are helpful in
      B)       can to                                              D)     are able to

18.   There's ............ use special boots for an easy climbing
      A)         any need to                                        C)    need in
      B)         no need to                                         D)    no need for

19.   "You're early" , he said. ''I think the bus ............ “
      A)        hasn't arrived soon                                 C)    hasn't arrived yet
      B)        is arriving yet                                     D)    hasn't arrived already

20.   That man ............ non-stop for the past hour
      A)       drinks                                               C)    drunk
      B)       has drunken                                          D)    has been drinking

21.   How perfect! You ........ have written a better one.
      A)       couldn't                                             C)    musn't
      B)       can                                                  D)    ought

22.   He ........ friends since he joined the company
      A)        made as few                                         C)    has made only a few
      B)        was making a few more                               D)    has yet made fewer

23.   Perhaps I ............ you another chance
      A)        should gave                                         C)    must to give
      B)        ought to give                                       D)    gave

24.   I was getting out of my car when I saw her ............ by

            ACADEMIA mgh               C/ HILERAS 4, 28013 (MADRID) Tf: 915479607 - 915596356
       A)         passes                                             C)    to pass
       B)         passed                                             D)    pass

25.    As soon as your friend arrives, we ............ to the airport
       A)        going                                                C)   will be gone
       B)        will go                                              D)   will have gone

26.    ............ the king!
       A)          God saving                                        C)    God saves
       B)          Save God                                          D)    God save

27.    I wish ............right now. I´m tired
       A)         to leave                                           C)    left
       B)         could leave                                        D)    to have left

28.    He will ............ next month
       A)         go home                                            C)    go to home
       B)         leave to home                                      D)    saty in home

29.    He won't give us the money unless we ............ the job today
       A)        finish                                             C)     will finish
       B)        finished                                           D)     had finished

30.    People ............ usually not aware of the problem.
       A)       has                                                  C)    have
       B)       is                                                   D)    are

31.     Give ............ the book
       A)         They                                               C)    their
       B)         his                                                D)    him

32.    He said she ............ French
       A)        was learning                                        C)    learn
       B)        is learning                                         D)    was learn

33.    When he failed ............ us, we left without him
       A)      to meet                                               C)    to be met
       B)      not to meet                                           D)    not to be met

34.    I replied ............ intend to stand for election
       A)        that he                                             C)    he did
       B)        that I did not                                      D)    I have been to

35.    As ............ the guard checks the number of visitors
       A)         the groups leave                                   C)    the group leaving
       B)         them leaving                                       D)    their leave

36.,   There is ............ "y" in Yugoslavia
       A)        any                                                 C)    an
       B)        the                                                 D)    a

37.    The temperature is ............ outdoors
       A)      cool in                                               C)    more cool
       B)      cooler here than                                      D)    cooler in

38.    lf she ............ tell her I will call her back
       A) calls                                                      C)    will call
       B) called                                                     D)    would call

39.    ............ you been married?
       A)          When were                                         C)    For how long
       B)          How many years ago                                D)    How long have

40.    They use ............ grammar book
       A)        the oldest                                          C)    the most old
       B)        an older                                            D)    old


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