PowerPoint Presentation by 81F5K4w


									             Information on the Aztec Calendar
            Often referred to as the Aztec Cosmos
     The Great and Venerable Mechanism of the Universe
  It is a 26 ton monolith that was found buried face down near
        what was once a corner of the ceremonial center of
   Tenochititilan (Now , Mexico City.) The stone was carved
 with symbols depicting the Aztec universe, calendar, history,
     and lore. It was determined to have been sculpted in the
1400’s. Only one face of the entire stone was damaged. While
 many Indians came to accept the new religion brought by the
Spanish, the old rituals and beliefs were not so easily erased. A
sacred period of time to the Aztecs was 52 years at which time
 they held a special ceremony. The stone when found was not
       colored but, probably was created originally in color.
 The Aztecs did not have an alphabet. They used a set series of
  letters or signs (pictographs) to form the elements of a written
    language. They used hieroglyphs (glyphs) to represent or
 express an idea. Those glyphs depict names, places, numbers,
 and objects. The outer ring of the stone represents the universe
 that surrounds the earth. This is represented by the pictograph
 of 2 fire serpents. The four past suns in the next ring represent
the Earth’s four previous epochs. They could refer to things like
       the Ice Age – catastrophes survived by the Earth. One
  represents wind (upper left), one represents sky (upper right),
one represents rain (lower left), and one represents water (lower
right). The fifth sun, the era we are now around the central face.
The central face is an image of controversy. Maybe it is the face
 of the current sun or the night sun (sunset). No one knows for
 There is a twenty day calendar represented by the ring
with 20 symbols. It runs counterclockwise. Each symbol
 can be looked up on the web to determine its meaning.
   This calendar system creates a 260 day year. They
 believed in both the 260 day year and the 365 day year.
The cogs of these two wheels only coincided once every
   52 years. To them, this was a magical and notable
 These sites offer a list and a brief description of each day symbol
             and other symbols on the Aztec Calendar.
Suggested Lesson Sequence:
1.   Read and discuss the information provided about the Aztec Calendar.
     Take notes.
2.   View the examples. Point out features noted in the information phase.
3.   Have students to read about the different glyphs for the days. Ask
     them to choose one of the glyphs that they identify with – personality
     traits, etc.
4.   Use dictionary.com to define mandala and concentric.
5.   Ask students to design a concentric circle mandala calendar featuring
     their favorite glyph in the center and using other glyphs of choice to
     orchestrate the remaining component parts of the mandala design.
6.   Cut out large circles of blueboard styrofoam (3’to4’). Draw the image
     with marker and paint with oil pastels. Make homemade compasses
     with markers and yarn to draw the concentric circles. Use brilliant
     colors like the Aztec would have.

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