TAIWAN by ewghwehws

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									TAIWAN
       A Brief History of Taiwan
• Before the 1600’s, the
  Island currently known as
  Taiwan was inhabited by
  people of Malay-
  Polynesian decent and
  known as Pakan.
• In 1590, a Portuguese
  ship passed the island
  and Dutch navigator Jan
  Huygen called it “Ilha
  Formosa” (Beautiful
  Island). It is still often
  referred to by this name
  today.
• Dutch arrived in 1624 to settle the island and
  established their fortress on the peninsula
  “Tayouan”, which later evolved into the name of
  the entire island, “Taiwan”.
• Chinese laborers were brought in to work on the
  sugar plantations and in the rice fields. They
  began to intermarry with the aboriginals and a
  new race was born; the Taiwanese.
• Cheng Cheng-Kung, a Chinese pirate loyal to the Ming Dynasty who
  had been run out of China by the new Qing dynasty, defeated the
  Dutch and took Taiwan in 1622.
• By 1683 the last of the Ming loyalists were defeated, and the island
  was now in the charge of the Ching dynasty. The new Manchu
  rulers were not sure what to do with the island. Though Chinese
  immigration to Taiwan increased over the next 200 years, it was due
  to war and famine on mainland China and did not reflect the wishes
  of the Chinese government.
• China attempted to take better control over the island a few times,
  but the inhabitants did not appreciate Chinese rule and there were
  frequent uprisings and rebellions.
• In 1887 Manchu Imperial officials
  finally decided to claim Taiwan as a
  province of the empire.
• But by 1895 the province had been
  ceded to Japan as part of the Treaty of
  Shimonoseki after Japan defeated the
  Manchus in the Sino-Japanese War.
• Angry, Manchu officials helped Taiwan
  declare independence on May 25th,
  1895 and the first republic in Asia was
  established; the Taiwan Republic.
• Five days later, on May 29th 1895,
  12,000 Japanese troops landed in
  northern Taiwan and by October the
  short life of the republic was ended.
•   In 1943, as WWII raged, a
    statement in the Cairo Declaration
    acknowledged Chiang Kai-shek’s
    request to have Taiwan returned
    to China. When the war ended in
    1945, Chinese troops moved to
    “temporarily occupy” Taiwan on
    behalf of allied forces.
•   Then came the 228 Incident of
    1947. As tension grew between
    China and Taiwan, protests and
    demonstrations ripped through the
    island. In the aftermath between
    18,000 and 28,000 Taiwanese
    were killed by Chinese troops.
•   The years that followed were
    marked by “white terror”, and
    thousands were arrested,
    imprisoned, jailed and executed
    by the Taiwan Garrison Command
    (arm of KGB). Around 140,000
    Taiwanese would be imprisoned
    or killed under martial law
    between the years of 1947 and
    1987, when martial law was
    replaced with a less stringent
    “National Security Law”.
• Under Chinese leaders like President Lee Teng-Hui,
  more authority and greater cultural respect was handed
  over to the native Taiwanese under a process called
  “localization.”
• Today there is a divide in Taiwanese politics between
  the Pan-Blue Coalition, who favors eventual Chinese
  Unification, and the Pan-Green coalition, who favor
  Taiwanese independence.
                        Support Taiwan
•    http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M6uj4SUMsVM&mode=related&search=

•    Video from Taiwanese student in favor of Pan Green Coalition.

•    Student’s main reasons arguments for why Taiwan deserves to be an independent
     nation:

    “1. Taiwan has its own culture, history, currency, organization, government, land, law,
      president, and a 23 million population.

     2. Taiwan was a province of China that was lost to Japan in the First Sino-Japanese
     War. The province was returned in 1952 to Republic of China under the Treaty of
     Peace between Japan and ROC. ATTENTION, it's Republic of China (a.k.a. Taiwan),
     not People of Republic of China.

     3. If you search "UN" in wikipedia, then you can read all the history about TW's
     position in UN. Basically we were one of the 5 permanent members until 1971 when
     our membership was "transferred" to China. Well...how did it transfer...let's just say
     the US was a part of it as well...but that's another animation”
    Current Taiwanese Politics
• The Republic of
  China (NOT the
  People’s Republic of
  China…1950 CCW) is
  divided into two main
  political camps.
• ROC = Taiwan, the
  Pescadores, Kinmen,
  and the Matsu
  Islands.
            Pan-Blue Coalition
•   Pro-unification
•   Center right
•   Includes People’s First Party and New Party
•   Lots of support from the older generation
•   “One China” policy
•   More modern PBC members fight more to “lift
    investment restrictions and pursue negotiations
    with the PRC to immediately open direct
    transportation links”…open to negotiations about
    unification but okay with current situation
           Pan-Green Coalition
• Pro Independence
• Center to center left
• Includes Taiwan Solidarity Union and Democratic
  Progressive Party
• Many supporters seek to formally declare independence
  and drop ROC title.
• More moderate members, like current President Chen
  Shui-bian, say that it is not necessary to publicly declare
  independence since Taiwan is already a clearly
  independent, sovereign country.
• Passport issues
             Current Issues
• Transportation links between PRC and ROC
• Passage of an Arms Procurement Bill, that was
  authorized by the US in 2001
• Establishment of National Communications
  Committee to replace Government Information
  Office
• Banking reform (48 banks none with market
  share of over 10%)
• Corruption of parties and officials
• Presidential or Parliamentary?
• PRC refuses to have diplomatic relations with any nation
  that recognizes the ROC and requires that all nations
  engaging in relations with PRC support the “One China”
  policy
• Only 24 countries maintain official diplomatic relations
  with ROC
     How does the USA handle
“diplomatic relations” with Taiwan?

• Taiwan Relations Act (1979) est. relations
  with PRC and broke relations with ROC
• Gave ability for States to have “quasi
  diplomatic” relations with ROC (Taiwan and
  Pescadores, not Matsu or Kinmen) through
  the American Institute in Taiwan.
• All pre-1979 international obligations btw
  ROC and USA are upheld
•   TR Act requires the United States "to provide Taiwan with arms of a defensive
    character", and "to maintain the capacity of the United States to resist any resort to
    force or other forms of coercion that would jeopardize the security, or the social or
    economic system, of the people on Taiwan."

•   USA has also adopted the “One China” policy

•   PRC does not recognize the TR Act and considers it "an unwarranted intrusion by the
    United States into the internal affairs of China."
The End 

								
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