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									电力系统专业英语词汇
 常用基本词汇




             1
电力系统专业英语词汇(常用基本词汇1)
   Electric power system(电力系统)
   generator(发电机), generation(发电), generating unit(发电机组)
   thermal units, hydro units, boiler, turbine, turbine-generator
   generating reserve capacity(发电备用容量),
   transformer(变压器), tap-changing ~, phase-shifting ~
   start-and-stand-by auxiliary transformer(起/备变)
   transducer(变送器), CT(~ transformer), PT(potential transformer)
   DC(direct current), AC(alternating current)
   three-phase ac system(三相交流系统),
   voltage, current, frequency, phase angle, power (功率)
   nominal value(标称值) , rating(额定值), per unit value
   HV(high voltage), EHV(extra-high voltage)
   transmission system(输电系统), distribution system(配电系统)
   asynchronous motor(),synchronous motor/machine
   bus, feeder, underground cable
                                                                     2
电力系统专业英语词汇(常用基本词汇2)
 excitation system(励磁系统), field current(励磁电流), prime mover
 field winding(励磁绕组), rotor(), stator(),
 resistance(电阻), resistor,capacitance(电容), capacitor
 reactance(电抗), reactor, conductance(电导), conductor(导体)
 susceptance(电纳B), impedance(阻抗), admittance(导纳),
 synchronous condenser(同步调相机), SVC (static var compensator)
 variable(变量) , function(函数), constrain(约束), equation
 disturbance(),
 overload(过载), outage (停电), blackout
 shifting(切换) , security dispatch(安全调度)
 generator tripping(切机), load curtailment(削减负荷), load
  shedding (甩负荷)
 dynamic performance (动态特性)
 planning, design, and operation of power system
 power system operating states
                                                               3
电力系统专业英语词汇(常用基本词汇3)
   SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition)
   state estimation(状态估计)
   reliability, stability
   reclosing facility
   permanent phase-to-ground fault,
   circuit breaker(断路器), disconnecting switch(隔离开关)
   electromechanical oscillation(机电振荡)
   rotating magnetic field (旋转磁场)
   mechanical torque/power(机械转矩), electrical torque/power
   damping torque(阻尼转矩)
   automatic voltage regulator(自动电压调节)
   active power, reactive power
   power flow, load flow, power factor
   underload tap-changing(ULTC)有载调节分接头
   reactive power compensation(无功补偿)
                                                             4
电力系统专业英语词汇(常用基本词汇4)
   magnitude(幅值)
   short-term or transient: 0 to 10 seconds
   mid-term: 10 seconds t0 a few minutes
    long-term: a few minutes to 10’s of minutes
   AGC(automatic generation control)
   protection, relaying, relay
   transformer saturation(饱和)
   coordination of control and protection equipment
   nonlinear time domain response
   power transfer capacitor of a transmission line
   shunt compensation(并联补偿)




                                                       5
电力系统专业英语词汇(常用基本词汇5)
    Main safety valve(主安全阀)
   control valve(控制阀)
   high-pressure (turbine)
    intermediate-pressure (turbine)
   low-pressure (turbine)
   reheater(再热器)
   intercept valve(截流阀)
   condenser(冷凝器)
   reheat safety valve(再热安全阀)
   PSS: power system stabilizer
   digital filter(数字滤波)
   tie line
   fault-clearing time
   simplified model
   three-winding transformer
                                       6
电力系统专业英语词汇(常用基本词汇6)
   Harmonic
   load characteristics
   load modelling
   network equation
   node admittance matrix
   observability
   QR transformation method
   line loss
   shaft system model
   salient pole rotor
   solid round rotor
   phasor diagram
   classical model
   simplified model


                               7
电力系统专业英语词汇(常用基本词汇7)
 autotransformer
 transmission line protection
     distance relaying(protection) 距离保护
     independent time lag protection定时限保护
     inverse time lag protection 反时限保护
     overcurrent relaying(protection)过流保护
     negative sequence protection负序保护
     zero sequence protection零序保护
     back-up protection后备保护
     generator out-of-step protection发电机失步保护
     loss-of-excitation protection失磁保护
   switching overvoltage, switching surge(操作过电压)
   switch board(配电盘,开关柜)
   auxiliary power, house supply,station service(厂用电)
   pumped storage(station)抽水蓄能(电站)

                                                         8
电力系统专业英语词汇(常用基本词汇8)
   Section switch分段开关
   sectional bus分段母线
   generator-transformer unit发变组
   balance of plant 辅助设备
   coal grinding mill磨煤机
   ball tube mill钢球磨煤机
   feed pump 给水泵
   AM/FM/GIS
   EMS
   DMS
   DA




                                    9
电力系统专业英语词汇(常用基本词汇9)
   simplified model
   steam turbine
   hydraulic turbine
   load forcast
   master control room(主控室)
   circulating water pump(循环水泵)
   RTU(remote control unit)
   carrier wave(载波)
   lancing吹灰, soot blower吹灰枪
   guide rail导轨
   dispatch调度
   speed governor(调速器)
   rated condition额定工况, nominal rating额定功率



                                              10
电力系统专业英语词汇(常用基本词汇)
      Power system operating states

                    normal



      restorative               alert




    In extremis              emergency

								
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