Swine Flu (H1N1 Influenza)

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					Swine flu is a respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses. This
disease is actually the plural attacking pigs, but now has undergone
drastic changes and is able to infect humans. Symptoms that occur in
humans was similar to what occurs in pigs. Swine flu was first isolated
from a pig infected in 1930 in the United States.In its development, the
disease can move on to attacking humans, especially those with close
contact with pigs.Long time no heard from again turns out this virus
experienced a series of mutations giving rise to a new variant of the
first attack humans in Mexico in early 2009. This new variant known as
the H1N1 virus which is an abbreviation of the two major antigens of the
virus hemagglutinin type 1 and neuraminidase type 1.What are the symptoms
of swine flu?The main symptoms of swine flu are similar to symptoms of
influenza in general such as: fever, cough, runny nose, fatigue and
headaches. Some patients may experience nausea, vomiting and
diarrhea.This disease can fall into a worse direction so that patients
have difficulty breathing and require respiratory assistive devices
(ventilator). If there are bacteria that infect the lungs, engaging the
patient may have pneumonia or pneumonia. Some of them may experience
symptoms of a seizure a seizure. Death generally occurs due to secondary
bacterial infection in the lungs so that appropriate antibiotics are
needed to overcome the infection.How to prevent swine flu infection?The
most effective way to prevent transmission of swine flu virus in
principle the same as the way to prevent transmission of influenza
viruses that others are vaccinated. Unfortunately, a vaccine for swine
flu so far have not been found.Another way to prevent transmission of
this virus is to minimize contact with the virus such as washing hands
frequently, avoid touching your face, especially nose and mouth and avoid
close contact with people who are suffering from flu.Prevention of
transmission can also be done by those who have been infected by the way:
avoid the crowds and always stayed at home. Do not work and attend school
until the situation improves in advance. Avoid sneezing, coughing and
talking too close to another person.How to treat swine flu?Although it
has long found a vaccine to prevent transmission of influenza virus, but
a vaccine for swine flu virus (H1N1) to date there has been no. Currently
several government laboratories funded by the WHO is developing a
research to find a vaccine swine flu virus.Two anti-viral drug believed
to prevent the increased severity of swine flu is zanamivir (Relenza) and
oseltamivir (Tamiflu). The use of this drug should not be arbitrary
because it feared would happen viral resistance to both drugs. The drug
is also not recommended for symptoms of flu that has appeared more than
48 hours. In severe circumstances, patients may require more intensive
treatment in hospital.Go to How to be healthy

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