Heart Failure Symptoms and What Happens During a Heart Attack by anamaulida


									Somewhere around one million Americans suffer from a heart attack each
year. This is a very big number and, because of the risk, we all need to
have a better idea of what happens during a heart attack. The heart is a
muscle that depends on a constant, stable supply of blood to function
effectively. The blood required is sent to the heart by the coronary
arteries which must be clear of any obstructions to provide the amount of
blood required.Most of us have two coronary arteries, the left and the
right, but about 4 percent of us have a third artery as well supplying
blood to different areas of the heart.When any of the coronary arteries
become either partially or completely blocked by plaque the blood supply
to the heart is interrupted and, very quickly, heart muscle cells begin
to perish from lack of oxygen rich blood and permanent damage is done.
This is what a "heart attack" is, the death of heart muscle cells that
inhibits the normal operation.Recovery from a heart attack is a lengthy
process, usually lasting about three months. As happens with most wounds,
during the healing process the heart will form scar tissue at the sight
of the damage. Because this scar tissue cannot expand and contract, the
overall capacity of the heart to move blood throughout the system is
permanently degraded after a heart attack. The severity of the loss
really depends on both the location and the amount of scar tissue that is
formed.In case of a heart attack, the quicker treatment is administered
to open the blocked artery the less damage will result. It is crucial to
begin treatment within one to two hours of the first symptoms. So be
familiar with the symptoms of heart attack and call 911 quickly if you do
suffer from an attack.A short list of symptoms include:

Pain in the chest area, arm, or under the breastbone
Indigestion or "fullness" feeling
Nausea, dizziness, sweating or vomiting
Shortness of breath, feeling very weak
Irregular heart beat

If you feel that you are at risk of a heart attack, there are steps you
should take to minimize the risk including speaking with your health
provider. Other steps to take include:

Stop Smoking (or don't start!)
Eat a healthy diet low in fat and cholesterol
Begin an exercise program that lasts at least 30 minutes several times a
Take steps to lower your cholesterol

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