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6th Grade Great Barrier Reef

VIEWS: 1 PAGES: 73

									1st Grade Visual Art Training
           “Your Place or Mine”




 http://www.tnaqua.org/kidsteachers/Animals_programs_list.asp
“Travel is fatal to prejudice, bigotry,
 and narrow-mindedness, and many
 of our people need it sorely. Broad,
wholesome, charitable views can not
  be acquired by vegetating in one’s
        little corner of earth.”
             - Mark Twain
        From Innocents Abroad, 1869
        Three Visual Art Trainings
              in 2009-2010
   October 27th
       Video-Conference: Tennessee Aquarium: Your
        Place is Mine with Tyson Ledgerwood

   October 28th
       ARTSY Training with Nancy Powell or Sandy Goad


   January 27th
       1st Grade Level PLC with Denise Young
School Wide Art Show 2009-2010




   The winners of the individual school art shows will be framed
    and displayed downtown at the Center for the Arts May 1.
“The word art, derived from an
ancient Indo-European root that
means “to fit together,” suggests
  as much. Art is about fitting
things together: words, images,
  objects, processes, thought,
       historical epochs.”

            - Jeffrey J. Schnapp
   Director of Stanford Humanities Lab
           Stanford University
Hour #1
     “Hands On” Classroom Lesson #1
               “Animal Blanket”
1.    Cut out the stencil
2.    Trace shape with black oil pastel.
3.    Add details with stickers: Eyes, toes spots etc.
4.    Add big tissue paper squares to make a colorful
      blanket.
5.    Cut a frayed edge on both sides of the blanket.
Hour #2
           Video-Conference



   Virtual Classroom Lesson
   Questions and Answers from Presenter
   Sign-up for Video-Conference in your
    classroom.
    Animals available for programs
   Turtles
        Ornate Box Turtle
        Alligator Snapping Turtle
        Painted Turtle

   Snakes &
    Lizards
        Corn snake
        Ball Python
        Leopard Gecko
        Blue-tongue Skink

   Amphibians
        Giant Marine Toad
        Ornate Horned Toad
        White’s Tree Frog
        African Clawed Frog
        Eastern Tiger Salamander

   Invertebrates
        Curly Hair Tarantula
        Emperor Scorpion
        African Millipede
Amphibians at the Tennessee Aquarium


   Surinam toad
   Green tree frog
   Fire-bellied toad
   Northern red salamander
   Yonahlossee salamander
   Hellbender salamander
       Birds at the Tennessee Aquarium
   Macaroni Penguin
   Gentoo Penguin
   Hyacinth Macaw
   Cedar Waxwing
   Rose-Breasted Grosbeak
   Dark-Eyed Junco
   Hermit Thrush
   Tufted Titmouse

   Ovenbird
   Northern Cardinal
   Indigo Bunting
   Wood Duck
   Hooded Merganser
   Eastern Bluebird
   Crested Wood Partridge
   Mandarin Duck
   Yellow-breasted Chat
   Eastern Towhee
Butterflies at the Tennessee Aquarium

   Butterfly
   Butterfly Egg
   Caterpillar
   Pupa
    Fish at the Tennessee Aquarium
                                   Arapaima
   Epaulette Shark                Black crappie
   Brown Banded Bamboo Shark      Barrens topminnow
   Sand Tiger Shark               Weedy sea dragon
   Black Stingray                 Dwarf seahorse
   Southern stingray              Longsnout seahorse
   Bonnethead shark               Potbelly seahorse
   Brook trout                    Lined seahorse
   Red-bellied piranha            Leafy sea dragon
   Great barracuda                Northern pipefish
   Queen trigger                  Coral shrimpfish
   Smallmouth bass                Blue catfish
   Tangerine darter               Paddlefish
                                   Lake sturgeon
                                   Beluga sturgeon
    Invertebrates at the Tennessee Aquarium


   Giant Pacific Octopus
   Pharaoh Cuttlefish
   Giant Spider Crab
   Emperor Nautilus
   Moon Jellyfish
   West Coast Sea Nettle
    Reptiles at the Tennessee Aquarium
   American Alligator
   Eastern Spiny Soft-shell
   Alligator Snapping Turtle
   Barbour's Map Turtle
   Yellow-Blotched Map Turtle
   Timber Rattlesnake
   Copperhead
   Black-Breasted Leaf Turtle
   Yellow Anaconda
   Eastern Box Turtle
   Green Sea Turtle
   Florida Red belly Turtle
   Eastern Rat Snake
   West African Dwarf Crocodile
   Pig-Nosed Turtle
   Eastern Mud Turtle
Mammals at the Tennessee Aquarium

   Otter
   Aquarists
   Herpetologists
   Horticulturists
   Aviculturists
   Entomologist
   Research Biologists
   Veterinarian
          Future Jobs for Students




   Aquarists: Aquarium Exhibit Maintenance
   Herpetologists: Retiles and Amphibians
   Horticulturists: Plants
   Aviculturists: Birds
   Entomologist: Butterflies
   Research Biologists: Wildlife Research
   Veterinarian: Wildlife Doctor
Hour #3
     “Hands On” Classroom Lesson #2
               “Spider Sculpture”
1.    Draw an X in the middle of your base.
2.    Starting in the middle of the X draw a Small, Medium-
      Sized, and Big Circles.
3.    Trace all your lines with your Glitter Glue.
4.    Let Dry.
5.    Stick a Big, Medium Sized, and Small balls of clay on
      your toothpick.
6.    Add four legs on each side with joints and feet.
7.    Add eyes.
8.    Place on your web (base).
        Resource Information

   The Tennessee
    Aquarium website has
    a printable information
    on the website that
    includes many pages
    of activities.

   The website link is:
    http://www.tnaqua.
    org/Home.aspx
What a 1st Grader Needs to Know
 about Living Things and Their
         Environments
     Living Things and Their Habitats
   Do you recognize this big furry
    fellow?

   He’s a polar bear.

   He lives near the North Pole.

   What’s weather like there?

   Brrr!

   It’s cold, cold cold!

   Look at what’s all around the
    polar bear: ice, and lots of it.   Photo by Ken Whitman
    Living Things and Their Habitats

   The polar bear lives
    where it’s cold and icy all
    the time, but he doesn’t
    seem to mind at all.

   Look at him again.

   See his thick, furry coat?

   With all that thick fur, he
    stays pretty cozy, even at
    the North Pole.
    Living Things and Their Habitats
   Now, imagine that the
    polar bear decides to go on
    a vacation.

   Of course, you and I know
    that bears don’t take
    vacations, but let’s
    pretend.

   He goes on a trip to
    Hawaii.

   How do you think he would
    like it?

   What would our big furry
    friend think of sunny,
    sandy beaches of Hawaii?
    Living Things and Their Habitats
   Well, if you’ve ever been
    to the beach, you might
    like it.

   The polar bear can’t
    take off his fur!

   He wouldn't enjoy a trip
    to warm, sunny Hawaii.

   It’s a lovely place, but
    not for him.

   It’s not his habitat.
     Living Things and Their Habitats
   What’s a habitat?

   For an animal, a habitat is
    the place where the animal
        Lives
        Eats
        Sleeps
        Makes its home
        Has babies
        Gets along (mostly) with
         other animals.

   But it’s not just any kind of
    place.

   An animal’s habitat is a
    special place suited to the
    animal because the animal
    is suited to it.
     Living Things and Their Habitats
   The big furry polar bear
       Isn’t suited to the warm beach
       He gets along fine at the icy
        North Pole.

   A fish that swims in the ocean
    couldn’t possibly survive in the
    mountains, could it?

   Would a worm that crawls
    through the moist, rich soil of
    the forest be happy living in
    the hot, sandy desert?
    Living Things and Their Habitats

   Different animals live in
    different habitats.

   The way an animal lives
    has a lot to do with its
    habitat.

   Let’s explore a few
    habitats and get to
    know some animals
    living in them.
           The Forest Habitat
   Imagine you’re taking
    a walk through a
    beautiful forest.

   Oak and maple trees
    stand tall around you.

   Their highest
    branches reach
    upward and form a
    leafy canopy, which
    makes it cool and
    shady for you as you
    walk along below.
           The Forest Habitat
   What’s that tap-tap-
    tapping sound?

   It’s a bird called a
    woodpecker.

   Woodpeckers peck into
    the trunks of old trees,
    looking for insects to
    eat.

   The woodpecker lives in
    this forest habitat.
                    The Forest Habitat
   A squirrel also lives in this forest habitat.

   Squirrels build nests in the tree branches
    and gathers acorns from the oak trees in
    the fall.

   Pew! What could that awful smell be?

   It’s a skunk!

   You must have scared it.

   A skunk sends out a stinky spray. To
    defend itself against larger animals that
    threaten to eat it (not that you would
    ever eat a skunk!)

   Skunks burrow into holes in the ground
    or into rotten tree trunks.

   They eat berries and insects and eggs
    they steal from the nests of birds that
    also live in the forest habitat.
             The Forest Habitat
   Ooh, what’s that sticky stuff on
    your face?

   You’ve walked into the threads
    of a spider web, strung across
    your path.

   Spiders weave their webs
    where insects fly, hoping to
    trap some bug for dinner.

   Yummy!
            The Forest Habitat
   Down on the forest
    floor, the leaves fall
    and pile up.

   Snails and other
    animals eat the leaves.

   Along comes a raccoon,
    which eats the snails
    (and many other things
    – raccoons aren’t very
    picky eaters!).
           The Forest Habitat
   Woodpecker,
    squirrel, skunk,
    spider, snail,
    raccoon – all these
    animals and many
    more live in the
    forest habitat.

   For their homes
    and food, they
    depend upon the
    plants and other
    animals that live in
    the forest with
    them.
       The Underground Habitat
   Imagine what you
    brought a shovel with
    you on your walk
    through the forest.

   Take it out and dig
    down under the twigs,
    leaves, and mushrooms
    on the forest floor.

   What can you see?
       The Underground Habitat

   A slimy brown earthworm
    slithers deeper
    underground.

   A little white grub curls
    up in the soil.

   Soon it will grow into an
    insect and creep among
    the forest ferns and
    mosses.
          The Underground Habitat
   The worm and the grub live together in
    the forest’s underground habitat.

   Even some furry animals, like moles,
    live underground with them.

   Moles have long slender paws just
    right for digging.

   They burrow underground, and they
    look for things to eat: things like
    roots, and and sorry little worm –
    worms.

   Actually, moles don’t really “look” for
    things to eat, since they can’t see very
    well.

   Instead, moles find their way around
    underground with a keen sense of
    smell.
       The Underground Habitat

   So moles have paws
    for digging, and even
    though they have
    weak eyes, they
    have a strong sense
    of smell.

   Do you see how the
    mole is suited to its
    underground
    habitat?
         The Underground Habitat
   Here’s a fact you know is true
    every time your tummy
    growls: animals need to eat.

   Scientists use special names
    for animals, depending on
    whether they eat
       Plants
       Meat
       Both.

   Let’s learn these special names
    they’re big words, so get
    ready!
    What You are Called and What You Eat

   Do you eat both plants and
    meat?
        Then you’re an omnivore.
        An omnivore is an animal that
         eats both plants and animals.

   Bears are omnivores.

   They eat berries, and they eat
    small animals like fish.

   They also use their sharp
    claws to rip open logs and eat
    the insects they find there.
    What You are Called and What You Eat
   Animals that eat only
    plants are called
    herbivores.

   Some human beings
    choose to eat only plants
    and no meat.

   Many animals, including
    mice, cows and horses,
    eat only plants.

   Even huge elephants eat
    only leaves, fruits, nuts,
    and grasses.
    What You are Called and What You Eat

   Some animals would
    rather eat meat most of
    all.

   Can you think of any?

   Dogs and cats, lions and
    tigers, sharks and snakes
    eat meat.

   They are called carnivores.

   A carnivore eats animal
    meat.
        The Desert Habitat
   Let’s look at the
    desert, which is a
    very different
    habitat from the
    forest.

   Can you think of
    some differences
    between the forest
    and the desert?
          The Desert Habitat
   The forest is often cool.

   The desert is often hot.

   The forest is moist.

   The desert is dry.

   The forest is dark and
    shady.

   The desert is bright and
    sunny.
           The Desert Habitat
   Sometimes it snows
    and rains in the forest,
    but it rarely does in the
    desert.

   Compared to the forest,
    the desert is a very
    different habitat for
    plants and animals.

   So do you think you’ll
    find the same kind of
    animals and plants in
    the desert that you find
    in the forest?
          The Desert Habitat
   Lizards live in the hot
    desert.

   Their bodies do well in
    the heat.

   They like to lie on warm
    rocks and bask in the
    blazing sunshine.

   Lizards match the
    desert habitat.
         The Desert Habitat
   Cactus plants grow
    in the desert.

   They can grow for a
    long time without
    any rain at all.

   They like heat and a
    lot of sunshine.

   Cactus plants do well
    in the desert habitat.
         The Desert Habitat
   But not many
    animals or
    plants live in the
    desert.

   In fact, the
    desert is almost
    deserted –
    which is how it
    got its name.
                   Water Habitats
   Can you name some animals that live in water?

   Fish live in water, such as
       Ponds
       Lakes
       Streams.

   They eat smaller
       Fish
       Plants
       Insects.
                Water Habitats
   Think of the ways that a fish is
    suited to its water habitat.

   Fish don't have feet, because they
    don’t walk.

   They live in a water habitat, and
    so they swim.

   You can’t breathe underwater, but
    fish can because they have gills.

   But a fish out of water is in
    trouble!

   A fish can’t survive outside its
    water habitat.
                  Water Habitats
   Have you ever heard the saying
    “like a fish out of water”?

   Since fish can’t breath out of
    water, people use this saying
    to mean that someone is very
    uncomfortable in a new
    unusual situation.

   For example, a shy child who is
    asked to sing a song in front of
    the whole school might think,
       “I don’t want to sing in front of
        all those people.”
       “I've never been on stage
        before.”
       “I’d feel like a fish out of
        water.”
                 Water Habitats
   Many other animals do best in a
    water habitat, too.

   Some live all their lives
    underwater like oyster and
    starfish.

   Some live part of their life
    underwater and part on land, like
    frogs and salamanders.

   Some live on the land near the
    water, like herons and hermit
    crabs.

   All of these animals depend upon
    the water, the plants and the
    other animals nearby.
     Water Habitats
   Not all water habitats are the same.

   Ponds, lakes, and rivers are different
    from oceans.

   Do you know why?

   If you’ve ever played in the waves at
    the ocean, you know how that water
    tastes: very salty.

   Oceans contain salt water.

   But most ponds, lakes, and rivers
    contain fresh water.

   What’s the difference?
               Water Habitats
   Here’s an experiment to
    answer that question.

   Fill a glass with drinking
    water.

   Take a sip.

   It tastes refreshing.

   That’s the kind of water
    found in most lakes and
    rivers.
               Water Habitats
   Now stir in two teaspoons full
    of salt.

   Take a sip – a very small sip.

   Yuck!

   You wouldn't call that
    refreshing.

   Would you?

   That glass contains salt water,
    like the water in the ocean.
                Water Habitats
   You may not like the taste of salt
    water, but many plants and animals
    depend upon it to live.

   Clams, oysters, and jellyfish live in
    the salty ocean, along with the plants
    such as seaweed.

   Whales, dolphins, sharks - all the
    animals that live in an ocean habitat
    – need salt water.

   If you put them into water without
    salt, they wouldn’t survive.

   Each water animal and plant needs to
    be in the kind of water habitat to
    which it is suited.
                         The Food Chain
   As you’ve learned about different habitats,
    you’ve heard a lot about animals and what
    they eat.

   You’ve got to want to live.

   Not just you, but every living thing needs
    food to survive.

   Plants make their own food out of
        Sunshine
        Air
        Water
        Nutrients from the soil

   But animals can’t do that. Animals eat
    other living things, including
        Plants
        Other animals.
        Big animals may eat little ones.

   And when the big animal dies, it may be
    eaten by little animals.

   All this eating is called the food chain.
     The Food Chain
   Let’s see how it works.

   Imagine a green plant growing by
    the side of a river.

   A caterpillar comes along and chews
    on the leaves.

   Later the caterpillar grows into a
    flying insect.

   The insect flies across the river,
    when suddenly, swoosh, a fish leaps
    out of the water and swallows it.
               The Food Chain
   The fish splashes back
    into the water, feeling
    full and happy – but not
    for long.

   A big bear reaches into
    the river and grabs the
    fish in his paw.

   The bear has caught a
    tasty supper.
                  The Food Chain
   Later that year the bear dies,
    and through the winter its
    body rots away.

   The rotting body turns to
    nutrients that soak into the
    soil by the side of the river.

   When spring comes, the
    nutrients help green plants
    grow.

   One of those green plants
    grows by the side of the river.

   A caterpillar comes along and
    chews on the leaves and …
             The Food Chain
   Do you see?

   It’s a cycle, starting
    over, and going
    round and round
    again.

   It’s a cycle of one
    creature feeding
    upon another, a
    cycle of life and
    death and life again.
                  The Food Chain
   People call this cycle the food
    chain because it seems to link
    together the plants and animals in
    nature.

   Animals eat plants, and these
    animals are sometimes eaten by
    other animals.

   Plants and animals die and rot,
    which returns nutrients to the
    soil, which helps more plants
    grow.

   It’s all a part of the food chain
    that keeps nature alive, and it all
    starts with plants growing from
    sunshine, air, water, and
    nutrients.
      Animals and Plants Need Their
         Habitats, So Be Careful
   You’ve seen that there are many
    different kinds of habitats, and
    many different kinds of animals
    and plants in each one.

   Different plants are suited to
    different habitats: an oak tree
    does fine in the forest but could
    not grow in the desert.

   Most animals are so well suited to
    living in one kind of habitat that it
    would be difficult for them to live
    in another.

   They might not be able to find the
    right kind of food, or the right kind
    of water, or the materials they
    need to make a home or nest.
    Animals and Plants Need Their
       Habitats, So Be Careful
   Sometimes people can mess up a
    habitat.

   People cut down forests to get trees
    for lumber or to make space for new
    houses and office buildings.

   People bring water to the desert so
    that they can make more farms.

   People fill in ponds with dirt so that
    they can build houses.

   What happens to the animals and
    plants when their habitat is
    destroyed?

   Sometimes they die.
    Animals and Plants Need Their
       Habitats, So Be Careful
   In one habitat, the world's rainforests,
    many animals and plants are in danger.

   That’s because people are cutting down
    too many trees in the rainforests.

   Rainforest are tall, dense green forest that
    grow in the hottest parts of the world.

   They are called rainforests because there
    is always moisture in the air and it drips
    off the leaves as if it were always raining.

   Not many people live in the rainforests,
    but thousands of different plants and
    animals.

   We need to be careful not to hurt this
    precious habitat or we will lose even more
    of the animals and plants that live there.
Animals and Plants Need Their
   Habitats, So Be Careful
   When a habitat is
    destroyed, plants and
    animals die.

   When something happens
    that causes all of a certain
    kind of plant or animal to
    die off, then we say that
    kind of plant or animals is
    extinct.

   Which means it no longer
    exists anywhere in the
    world: it has died off,
    never to be seen again.
    Animals and Plants Need Their
       Habitats, So Be Careful
   You may know about some very
    famous extinct animals: the
    dinosaurs.

   They became extinct – no one knows
    exactly why.

   But extinction is not just something
    that happened a long time ago.

   Today many different kinds of animals
    and plants are endangered, which
    means that there are not many of
    them left in the world and they are in
    danger of becoming extinct.

   They are sometimes endangered
    because of things that people do to
    hurt their habitats: things like cutting
    down trees or polluting the land and
    water.
    Animals and Plants Need Their
       Habitats, So Be Careful
   If people make problems,
    they can also solve them.

   Many people today
    understand that it is not a
    good thing to destroy the
    habitats of plants and
    animals.

   These people are working
    to make sure that we find
    ways to protect the
    different habitats and the
    living things that depend
    on them.
   You can read more in depth information
    about Living Things and Their Environment
    in your
    Core Knowledge Teacher
    Handbook on pages 318 - 332.
Story time
 “Art is the cleverness of Odysseus; the intimate
      knowledge of materials in a sculpture by
  Renaissance master Benvenuto Cellini or a dress
 designed by Issey Miyake; the inventive genius of
 a Leonardo da Vinci, Thomas Edison, or computer
  visionary Douglas Englebart; the verbal craft in
  everything from an aphorism (“Time is Money”)
  to an oration (“Four Score and seven years ago,
 our fathers brought forth on this continent a new
  nation”) to a commercial slogan (“Just Do It”).

In short, art isn’t to be found only in galleries and
  museums; it is woven into the warp and woof of
                 an entire civilization.”

                   - Jeffrey J. Schnapp
          Director of Stanford Humanities Lab
                  Stanford University
        References


   Text:
       “What a 1st Grader Needs to Know” by E.D. Hirsch Jr.


   Images:
       Many pictures of the animals are from the Tennessee
        Aquarium website and our listed in your 1st Grade Pictures.

								
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