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1st Grade Visual Art Training “Your Place or Mine” http://www.tnaqua.org/kidsteachers/Animals_programs_list.asp “Travel is fatal to prejudice, bigotry, and narrow-mindedness, and many of our people need it sorely. Broad, wholesome, charitable views can not be acquired by vegetating in one’s little corner of earth.” - Mark Twain From Innocents Abroad, 1869 Three Visual Art Trainings in 2009-2010 October 27th Video-Conference: Tennessee Aquarium: Your Place is Mine with Tyson Ledgerwood October 28th ARTSY Training with Nancy Powell or Sandy Goad January 27th 1st Grade Level PLC with Denise Young School Wide Art Show 2009-2010 The winners of the individual school art shows will be framed and displayed downtown at the Center for the Arts May 1. “The word art, derived from an ancient Indo-European root that means “to fit together,” suggests as much. Art is about fitting things together: words, images, objects, processes, thought, historical epochs.” - Jeffrey J. Schnapp Director of Stanford Humanities Lab Stanford University Hour #1 “Hands On” Classroom Lesson #1 “Animal Blanket” 1. Cut out the stencil 2. Trace shape with black oil pastel. 3. Add details with stickers: Eyes, toes spots etc. 4. Add big tissue paper squares to make a colorful blanket. 5. Cut a frayed edge on both sides of the blanket. Hour #2 Video-Conference Virtual Classroom Lesson Questions and Answers from Presenter Sign-up for Video-Conference in your classroom. Animals available for programs Turtles Ornate Box Turtle Alligator Snapping Turtle Painted Turtle Snakes & Lizards Corn snake Ball Python Leopard Gecko Blue-tongue Skink Amphibians Giant Marine Toad Ornate Horned Toad White’s Tree Frog African Clawed Frog Eastern Tiger Salamander Invertebrates Curly Hair Tarantula Emperor Scorpion African Millipede Amphibians at the Tennessee Aquarium Surinam toad Green tree frog Fire-bellied toad Northern red salamander Yonahlossee salamander Hellbender salamander Birds at the Tennessee Aquarium Macaroni Penguin Gentoo Penguin Hyacinth Macaw Cedar Waxwing Rose-Breasted Grosbeak Dark-Eyed Junco Hermit Thrush Tufted Titmouse Ovenbird Northern Cardinal Indigo Bunting Wood Duck Hooded Merganser Eastern Bluebird Crested Wood Partridge Mandarin Duck Yellow-breasted Chat Eastern Towhee Butterflies at the Tennessee Aquarium Butterfly Butterfly Egg Caterpillar Pupa Fish at the Tennessee Aquarium Arapaima Epaulette Shark Black crappie Brown Banded Bamboo Shark Barrens topminnow Sand Tiger Shark Weedy sea dragon Black Stingray Dwarf seahorse Southern stingray Longsnout seahorse Bonnethead shark Potbelly seahorse Brook trout Lined seahorse Red-bellied piranha Leafy sea dragon Great barracuda Northern pipefish Queen trigger Coral shrimpfish Smallmouth bass Blue catfish Tangerine darter Paddlefish Lake sturgeon Beluga sturgeon Invertebrates at the Tennessee Aquarium Giant Pacific Octopus Pharaoh Cuttlefish Giant Spider Crab Emperor Nautilus Moon Jellyfish West Coast Sea Nettle Reptiles at the Tennessee Aquarium American Alligator Eastern Spiny Soft-shell Alligator Snapping Turtle Barbour's Map Turtle Yellow-Blotched Map Turtle Timber Rattlesnake Copperhead Black-Breasted Leaf Turtle Yellow Anaconda Eastern Box Turtle Green Sea Turtle Florida Red belly Turtle Eastern Rat Snake West African Dwarf Crocodile Pig-Nosed Turtle Eastern Mud Turtle Mammals at the Tennessee Aquarium Otter Aquarists Herpetologists Horticulturists Aviculturists Entomologist Research Biologists Veterinarian Future Jobs for Students Aquarists: Aquarium Exhibit Maintenance Herpetologists: Retiles and Amphibians Horticulturists: Plants Aviculturists: Birds Entomologist: Butterflies Research Biologists: Wildlife Research Veterinarian: Wildlife Doctor Hour #3 “Hands On” Classroom Lesson #2 “Spider Sculpture” 1. Draw an X in the middle of your base. 2. Starting in the middle of the X draw a Small, Medium- Sized, and Big Circles. 3. Trace all your lines with your Glitter Glue. 4. Let Dry. 5. Stick a Big, Medium Sized, and Small balls of clay on your toothpick. 6. Add four legs on each side with joints and feet. 7. Add eyes. 8. Place on your web (base). Resource Information The Tennessee Aquarium website has a printable information on the website that includes many pages of activities. The website link is: http://www.tnaqua. org/Home.aspx What a 1st Grader Needs to Know about Living Things and Their Environments Living Things and Their Habitats Do you recognize this big furry fellow? He’s a polar bear. He lives near the North Pole. What’s weather like there? Brrr! It’s cold, cold cold! Look at what’s all around the polar bear: ice, and lots of it. Photo by Ken Whitman Living Things and Their Habitats The polar bear lives where it’s cold and icy all the time, but he doesn’t seem to mind at all. Look at him again. See his thick, furry coat? With all that thick fur, he stays pretty cozy, even at the North Pole. Living Things and Their Habitats Now, imagine that the polar bear decides to go on a vacation. Of course, you and I know that bears don’t take vacations, but let’s pretend. He goes on a trip to Hawaii. How do you think he would like it? What would our big furry friend think of sunny, sandy beaches of Hawaii? Living Things and Their Habitats Well, if you’ve ever been to the beach, you might like it. The polar bear can’t take off his fur! He wouldn't enjoy a trip to warm, sunny Hawaii. It’s a lovely place, but not for him. It’s not his habitat. Living Things and Their Habitats What’s a habitat? For an animal, a habitat is the place where the animal Lives Eats Sleeps Makes its home Has babies Gets along (mostly) with other animals. But it’s not just any kind of place. An animal’s habitat is a special place suited to the animal because the animal is suited to it. Living Things and Their Habitats The big furry polar bear Isn’t suited to the warm beach He gets along fine at the icy North Pole. A fish that swims in the ocean couldn’t possibly survive in the mountains, could it? Would a worm that crawls through the moist, rich soil of the forest be happy living in the hot, sandy desert? Living Things and Their Habitats Different animals live in different habitats. The way an animal lives has a lot to do with its habitat. Let’s explore a few habitats and get to know some animals living in them. The Forest Habitat Imagine you’re taking a walk through a beautiful forest. Oak and maple trees stand tall around you. Their highest branches reach upward and form a leafy canopy, which makes it cool and shady for you as you walk along below. The Forest Habitat What’s that tap-tap- tapping sound? It’s a bird called a woodpecker. Woodpeckers peck into the trunks of old trees, looking for insects to eat. The woodpecker lives in this forest habitat. The Forest Habitat A squirrel also lives in this forest habitat. Squirrels build nests in the tree branches and gathers acorns from the oak trees in the fall. Pew! What could that awful smell be? It’s a skunk! You must have scared it. A skunk sends out a stinky spray. To defend itself against larger animals that threaten to eat it (not that you would ever eat a skunk!) Skunks burrow into holes in the ground or into rotten tree trunks. They eat berries and insects and eggs they steal from the nests of birds that also live in the forest habitat. The Forest Habitat Ooh, what’s that sticky stuff on your face? You’ve walked into the threads of a spider web, strung across your path. Spiders weave their webs where insects fly, hoping to trap some bug for dinner. Yummy! The Forest Habitat Down on the forest floor, the leaves fall and pile up. Snails and other animals eat the leaves. Along comes a raccoon, which eats the snails (and many other things – raccoons aren’t very picky eaters!). The Forest Habitat Woodpecker, squirrel, skunk, spider, snail, raccoon – all these animals and many more live in the forest habitat. For their homes and food, they depend upon the plants and other animals that live in the forest with them. The Underground Habitat Imagine what you brought a shovel with you on your walk through the forest. Take it out and dig down under the twigs, leaves, and mushrooms on the forest floor. What can you see? The Underground Habitat A slimy brown earthworm slithers deeper underground. A little white grub curls up in the soil. Soon it will grow into an insect and creep among the forest ferns and mosses. The Underground Habitat The worm and the grub live together in the forest’s underground habitat. Even some furry animals, like moles, live underground with them. Moles have long slender paws just right for digging. They burrow underground, and they look for things to eat: things like roots, and and sorry little worm – worms. Actually, moles don’t really “look” for things to eat, since they can’t see very well. Instead, moles find their way around underground with a keen sense of smell. The Underground Habitat So moles have paws for digging, and even though they have weak eyes, they have a strong sense of smell. Do you see how the mole is suited to its underground habitat? The Underground Habitat Here’s a fact you know is true every time your tummy growls: animals need to eat. Scientists use special names for animals, depending on whether they eat Plants Meat Both. Let’s learn these special names they’re big words, so get ready! What You are Called and What You Eat Do you eat both plants and meat? Then you’re an omnivore. An omnivore is an animal that eats both plants and animals. Bears are omnivores. They eat berries, and they eat small animals like fish. They also use their sharp claws to rip open logs and eat the insects they find there. What You are Called and What You Eat Animals that eat only plants are called herbivores. Some human beings choose to eat only plants and no meat. Many animals, including mice, cows and horses, eat only plants. Even huge elephants eat only leaves, fruits, nuts, and grasses. What You are Called and What You Eat Some animals would rather eat meat most of all. Can you think of any? Dogs and cats, lions and tigers, sharks and snakes eat meat. They are called carnivores. A carnivore eats animal meat. The Desert Habitat Let’s look at the desert, which is a very different habitat from the forest. Can you think of some differences between the forest and the desert? The Desert Habitat The forest is often cool. The desert is often hot. The forest is moist. The desert is dry. The forest is dark and shady. The desert is bright and sunny. The Desert Habitat Sometimes it snows and rains in the forest, but it rarely does in the desert. Compared to the forest, the desert is a very different habitat for plants and animals. So do you think you’ll find the same kind of animals and plants in the desert that you find in the forest? The Desert Habitat Lizards live in the hot desert. Their bodies do well in the heat. They like to lie on warm rocks and bask in the blazing sunshine. Lizards match the desert habitat. The Desert Habitat Cactus plants grow in the desert. They can grow for a long time without any rain at all. They like heat and a lot of sunshine. Cactus plants do well in the desert habitat. The Desert Habitat But not many animals or plants live in the desert. In fact, the desert is almost deserted – which is how it got its name. Water Habitats Can you name some animals that live in water? Fish live in water, such as Ponds Lakes Streams. They eat smaller Fish Plants Insects. Water Habitats Think of the ways that a fish is suited to its water habitat. Fish don't have feet, because they don’t walk. They live in a water habitat, and so they swim. You can’t breathe underwater, but fish can because they have gills. But a fish out of water is in trouble! A fish can’t survive outside its water habitat. Water Habitats Have you ever heard the saying “like a fish out of water”? Since fish can’t breath out of water, people use this saying to mean that someone is very uncomfortable in a new unusual situation. For example, a shy child who is asked to sing a song in front of the whole school might think, “I don’t want to sing in front of all those people.” “I've never been on stage before.” “I’d feel like a fish out of water.” Water Habitats Many other animals do best in a water habitat, too. Some live all their lives underwater like oyster and starfish. Some live part of their life underwater and part on land, like frogs and salamanders. Some live on the land near the water, like herons and hermit crabs. All of these animals depend upon the water, the plants and the other animals nearby. Water Habitats Not all water habitats are the same. Ponds, lakes, and rivers are different from oceans. Do you know why? If you’ve ever played in the waves at the ocean, you know how that water tastes: very salty. Oceans contain salt water. But most ponds, lakes, and rivers contain fresh water. What’s the difference? Water Habitats Here’s an experiment to answer that question. Fill a glass with drinking water. Take a sip. It tastes refreshing. That’s the kind of water found in most lakes and rivers. Water Habitats Now stir in two teaspoons full of salt. Take a sip – a very small sip. Yuck! You wouldn't call that refreshing. Would you? That glass contains salt water, like the water in the ocean. Water Habitats You may not like the taste of salt water, but many plants and animals depend upon it to live. Clams, oysters, and jellyfish live in the salty ocean, along with the plants such as seaweed. Whales, dolphins, sharks - all the animals that live in an ocean habitat – need salt water. If you put them into water without salt, they wouldn’t survive. Each water animal and plant needs to be in the kind of water habitat to which it is suited. The Food Chain As you’ve learned about different habitats, you’ve heard a lot about animals and what they eat. You’ve got to want to live. Not just you, but every living thing needs food to survive. Plants make their own food out of Sunshine Air Water Nutrients from the soil But animals can’t do that. Animals eat other living things, including Plants Other animals. Big animals may eat little ones. And when the big animal dies, it may be eaten by little animals. All this eating is called the food chain. The Food Chain Let’s see how it works. Imagine a green plant growing by the side of a river. A caterpillar comes along and chews on the leaves. Later the caterpillar grows into a flying insect. The insect flies across the river, when suddenly, swoosh, a fish leaps out of the water and swallows it. The Food Chain The fish splashes back into the water, feeling full and happy – but not for long. A big bear reaches into the river and grabs the fish in his paw. The bear has caught a tasty supper. The Food Chain Later that year the bear dies, and through the winter its body rots away. The rotting body turns to nutrients that soak into the soil by the side of the river. When spring comes, the nutrients help green plants grow. One of those green plants grows by the side of the river. A caterpillar comes along and chews on the leaves and … The Food Chain Do you see? It’s a cycle, starting over, and going round and round again. It’s a cycle of one creature feeding upon another, a cycle of life and death and life again. The Food Chain People call this cycle the food chain because it seems to link together the plants and animals in nature. Animals eat plants, and these animals are sometimes eaten by other animals. Plants and animals die and rot, which returns nutrients to the soil, which helps more plants grow. It’s all a part of the food chain that keeps nature alive, and it all starts with plants growing from sunshine, air, water, and nutrients. Animals and Plants Need Their Habitats, So Be Careful You’ve seen that there are many different kinds of habitats, and many different kinds of animals and plants in each one. Different plants are suited to different habitats: an oak tree does fine in the forest but could not grow in the desert. Most animals are so well suited to living in one kind of habitat that it would be difficult for them to live in another. They might not be able to find the right kind of food, or the right kind of water, or the materials they need to make a home or nest. Animals and Plants Need Their Habitats, So Be Careful Sometimes people can mess up a habitat. People cut down forests to get trees for lumber or to make space for new houses and office buildings. People bring water to the desert so that they can make more farms. People fill in ponds with dirt so that they can build houses. What happens to the animals and plants when their habitat is destroyed? Sometimes they die. Animals and Plants Need Their Habitats, So Be Careful In one habitat, the world's rainforests, many animals and plants are in danger. That’s because people are cutting down too many trees in the rainforests. Rainforest are tall, dense green forest that grow in the hottest parts of the world. They are called rainforests because there is always moisture in the air and it drips off the leaves as if it were always raining. Not many people live in the rainforests, but thousands of different plants and animals. We need to be careful not to hurt this precious habitat or we will lose even more of the animals and plants that live there. Animals and Plants Need Their Habitats, So Be Careful When a habitat is destroyed, plants and animals die. When something happens that causes all of a certain kind of plant or animal to die off, then we say that kind of plant or animals is extinct. Which means it no longer exists anywhere in the world: it has died off, never to be seen again. Animals and Plants Need Their Habitats, So Be Careful You may know about some very famous extinct animals: the dinosaurs. They became extinct – no one knows exactly why. But extinction is not just something that happened a long time ago. Today many different kinds of animals and plants are endangered, which means that there are not many of them left in the world and they are in danger of becoming extinct. They are sometimes endangered because of things that people do to hurt their habitats: things like cutting down trees or polluting the land and water. Animals and Plants Need Their Habitats, So Be Careful If people make problems, they can also solve them. Many people today understand that it is not a good thing to destroy the habitats of plants and animals. These people are working to make sure that we find ways to protect the different habitats and the living things that depend on them. You can read more in depth information about Living Things and Their Environment in your Core Knowledge Teacher Handbook on pages 318 - 332. Story time “Art is the cleverness of Odysseus; the intimate knowledge of materials in a sculpture by Renaissance master Benvenuto Cellini or a dress designed by Issey Miyake; the inventive genius of a Leonardo da Vinci, Thomas Edison, or computer visionary Douglas Englebart; the verbal craft in everything from an aphorism (“Time is Money”) to an oration (“Four Score and seven years ago, our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation”) to a commercial slogan (“Just Do It”). In short, art isn’t to be found only in galleries and museums; it is woven into the warp and woof of an entire civilization.” - Jeffrey J. Schnapp Director of Stanford Humanities Lab Stanford University References Text: “What a 1st Grader Needs to Know” by E.D. Hirsch Jr. Images: Many pictures of the animals are from the Tennessee Aquarium website and our listed in your 1st Grade Pictures.
"6th Grade Great Barrier Reef"