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					      Links between European policies and
                 national housing policies
                      Presentation by the Belgian delegation during the informal
                      meeting of Housing Ministers
                      Toledo, June 21st 2010

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   Housing is the exclusive competence of Member
• Housing is primarily situated within the scope of economic
  activities and is subject to the rules of the internal market.
• The new protocol attached to the Lisbon Treaty (02/12/2009)
  refers to the essential role of the Member States, namely to
  define, organise, finance Services of General Economic
  Interest, which inludes social housing.
• The reference to this prerogative of the Member States can
  lead to discussions and uncertainties about the Commission’s
  role in that respect.

 Yet housing enters more or less directly into the realm of European

In the field of legislation
The Directives concerning the Energy Performance of Buildings
In the field of climate objectives
3 x 20
In the field of Social Inclusion Strategy
Fight against social exclusion
In the field of social, economic and territorial cohesion (ERDF)
2007 and 2009
In the framework of the UE 2020 Strategy
A new sustainable social market economy, a smarter, greener economy where
our prosperity will come from innovation and from using resources better and
where the input key will be knowledge

            What is at stake?

  In what way can the EU support the Member
States’ housing policies so they can contribute in
a positive way to the success of the EU and
Member States objectives?

                  Social inclusion

 Common report 2010.
 Consensual conference planned within the framework
  of the Belgian Presidency.
 Demographic challenges (Ageing, new family
  structures, migration flows...).

       Social, economic and territorial cohesion
• Tradition of non-binding cooperation between Member
  States and the EU concerning integrated urban
• Article 4 TFUE defines « Social, economic and territorial
  cohesion» as a common competence.
• Two important dates: eligibility of housing EU 12 (2007)
  and all Member States (2009).
• 2010 : Possibility of renovating and building dwellings for
  marginalised populations.

                   Housing and Energy

•    40% of energy consumption results from housing
     activities (European avarage).
•    Energy renovation of existing dwellings is an
     undeniable strategic element to attain the EU’s
     climate objectives.
•    This energy renovation holds direct and indirect
     advantages for other sectors.

           These advantages are directly or
           indirectly of great importance for:

 industrial conversion
 stimulating employment
 adapting competences and qualifications
 fighting energy poverty
 improving public purchasing power
 ....

                    In short

Energy policy is the spearhead of the EU’s
climate ambitions.

By offering support for new sectoral
cooperation     and     convergence,     climate
commitments and Energy programmes offer a
great opportunity to invigorate housing policies.

In order to improve the capacity of the housing policies to
contribute to climate commitments and social, economic
and territorial cohesion, the following possibilites have to be

 Continue legislative work by considering the impact of the
  Directives on governance models and formulas of the Member
  States that have to implement the transition towards Low
  Carbon Buildings.
 Create new financial special purpose vehicles without neglecting
  the needs for technical assistance for the realisation of
 Create a focus « Housing » within energy policy financing
  (namely within the Second Energy Efficiency Action Plan).

 Maintain the eligibility of housing in FEDER and consolidate its
  role within integrated territorial development.
 Develop a platform for sharing experiences and good
  practices between Member States in order to create common
  know how concerning the coordination of existing policy
 Create closer links between the public housing sector and the
  world of research and innovation (European Research and
  Development Programme).
 ...

Thank you for your attention

              Sylviane Friedlingstein

              Ministerial Cabinet of Christos Doulkeridis,
              Minister for Housing of the Brussels-Capital Region



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