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Sickle Cell Anemia IN Haiti Haiti has been known to be one the most impoverished countries in the world with the highest children and maternal death rates in the western hemisphere. Although data vary from source to source these actual death rates estimations are: 670 pregnant women/100,000; 63, 5 infants/1,000; 71,5 children/1,000 before the age of 5 the leading causes of that high mortality must be lack of screening of risk factors causing or aggravating morbidity among infants, children, childbearing age and pregnant women, insufficient prenatal care, nutritional deficiencies, infectious diseases, malaria, diarrhea and sickle cell anemia. The latter is a well known major cause of fatalities in childhood and pregnancy. According to WHO sickle cell anemia cause 5% to 16% of deaths among african children under 5, mostly in the west part of Africa. sickle cell anemia is a genetic disorder transmitted by two parents to their offspring and characterized by chronic anemia, painful episodes , susceptibility to infections (especially in childhood), multiple acute or chronic organ damage leading often to failure and sometimes sudden death. Its incidence and prevalence are the highest in countries with long history of endemic malaria(sub-Saharan Africa; Arabia; India; and regions bordering the Mediterranean sea.It is also common among the south Americans, the central Americans and the north Americans of African descent In countries with poor socio-economic status and insufficient access to modern medicine more than half of the affected children can?t reach the age of 5 years. In the United States of America most sickle cell patients can reach adulthood and a very great number of them can enjoy near normal life because of early diagnosis, education, counseling, prophylactic measures for the prevention of infections and stroke and improved management of other related complications. It has been proved that the administration of penicillin
Essentials For Baby's Healthy Skin Your baby's skin-care routine should consist of healthful products that are gentle for sensitive skin. It may surprise you to know that many of the products that are made for babies and children can contain irritating ingredients. These substances may look attractive and they may have a pleasant smell, but many times they contain artificial colors, fragrances and preservatives which can cause irritation and allergic reactions.Let's start with the basics - a little bit of soap and some water. For a newborn baby, those will be sufficient. A mild soap containing ingredients such as coconut or palm oil should be used, as pediatricians recommend that antibacterial soaps should be avoided. It is not a good idea to bathe a newborn baby every day. Soothing lotions containing wholesome oils such as coconut or sesame can be used to replenish moisture after the bath.Many newborns do not have much hair, and thus do not need to be shampooed a lot during their first few months. A very mild shampoo is best of course, and it is always helpful to look at the ingredient list. Synthetic fragrances, preservatives and parabens should be avoided. If the ingredient list includes TEA-sodium lauryl ulfate or cocamide-DEA, these are substances that may interact with preservatives in the shampoo, thus irritating sensitive skin.Fragrance has the ability to irritate below the skin's surface and you may not even notice a reaction in your child's skin. However, irritation still may be occurring. There are many beneficial natural and organic ingredients, but just because a substance sounds like it may be good to eat doesn't mean it is good for your skin.Essential oils and some extracts, like citrus, peppermint, and even lavender are irritants that can inflame the skin and slow down its healing process. These irritants are often added to children's skin-care products, and can appear in those that are touted as being gentle or fragrance-free! So beware, and read the labels carefully.The preservatives that are considered to be the most gentle include citrus seed extract, phenoxyethanol, and vitamins A, C, and E. (These products are also known as retinyl palmitate, ascorbic acid, or alpha tocopherol.) Most baby products that you find in your local health food stores will use these preservatives.So in a nutshell, try to avoid products with fragrance and coloring agents, and think gentle. Your baby's skin will glow with good health!
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