D69977 CHAPTER 20 THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLTUION AND ITS IMPACT ON EUROPEAN SOCIETY by 9zO3Lz

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									CHAPTER 20 -- THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLTUION AND ITS
IMPACT ON EUROPEAN SOCIETY
Identifications:
1. Industrial Revolution                                     26. steamboats
2. agricultural revolution                                   27. India’s cotton cloth production
3. cotton industry                                           28. Ireland and the potato
4. canals                                                    29. the Great Famine
5. Richard Arkwright’s water frame                           30. suburbs
6. James Hargreaves’ spinning jenny                          31. Britain’s Poor Law Commission
7. Samuel Crompton’s mule                                    32. Edwin Chadwick
8. hand-loom weavers                                         33. cholera
9. the cottage system                                        34. bourgeoisie
10. coal and coke                                            35. the old and new elites
11. James Watt and the rotary engine                         36. working class
12. Henry Cort                                               37. child labor
13. puddling                                                 38. domestic servants
14. Richard Trevithick                                       39. trades unions
15. George Stephenson’s Rocket                               40. Robert Owen
16. railroads                                                41. the Grand National Consolidated Trades Union
17. the factory                                              42. the Amalgamated Society of Engineers
18. factory discipline                                       43. Luddites
19. Great Exhibition of 1851                                 44. Chartism and the People’s Charter
20. the Crystal Palace                                       45. the London Workingmen’s Association
21. tariffs                                                  46. factory acts
22. joint-stock investment banks                             47. Ten Hours Act of 1847
23. Credit Mobilier                                          48. Coal Mines Act of 1842
24. the Kreditanstalt                                        49. the Poor Law of 1834
25. the American system                                      50. the workhouse

Essays:

1. Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in Great Britain?
2. Discuss and trace the role of the factory in the early Industrial Revolution. What made the factory system
possible? What impact did it have on the lives of workers, especially on women and children?
3. Compare and contrast the patterns of industrialization in continental Europe and the United States with those of
Great Britain.
4. Discuss the role of government in the industrial development of the Western world. What were ways that
government encouraged industrialization and how did it attempt to check its excesses? Are modern day efforts to
curb industrial excesses the same or different from what they were in the early nineteenth century?
5. How are changes in population growth and the development of urbanization related to the Industrial
Revolution?
6. Discus the impact of the early Industrial Revolution upon the family, the role of women, and the living and
working conditions of the industrial workers?
7. What efforts did workers make to ameliorate the harsh working conditions of the early Industrial Revolution?
How successful were they?
8. Assume that you are a small landowner who lost his land due to economic changes in the British countryside.
Explain your changed position and lifestyle as you and your family move to Manchester to gain employment in
one of the new factories.
 9. Discuss the concept of the ‘middle-class’ and its relation to the Industrial Revolution.
10. “The ‘working-class’ is a product of the Industrial Revolution.” Discuss.

								
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