CHAPTER 20 -- THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLTUION AND ITS IMPACT ON EUROPEAN SOCIETY Identifications: 1. Industrial Revolution 26. steamboats 2. agricultural revolution 27. India’s cotton cloth production 3. cotton industry 28. Ireland and the potato 4. canals 29. the Great Famine 5. Richard Arkwright’s water frame 30. suburbs 6. James Hargreaves’ spinning jenny 31. Britain’s Poor Law Commission 7. Samuel Crompton’s mule 32. Edwin Chadwick 8. hand-loom weavers 33. cholera 9. the cottage system 34. bourgeoisie 10. coal and coke 35. the old and new elites 11. James Watt and the rotary engine 36. working class 12. Henry Cort 37. child labor 13. puddling 38. domestic servants 14. Richard Trevithick 39. trades unions 15. George Stephenson’s Rocket 40. Robert Owen 16. railroads 41. the Grand National Consolidated Trades Union 17. the factory 42. the Amalgamated Society of Engineers 18. factory discipline 43. Luddites 19. Great Exhibition of 1851 44. Chartism and the People’s Charter 20. the Crystal Palace 45. the London Workingmen’s Association 21. tariffs 46. factory acts 22. joint-stock investment banks 47. Ten Hours Act of 1847 23. Credit Mobilier 48. Coal Mines Act of 1842 24. the Kreditanstalt 49. the Poor Law of 1834 25. the American system 50. the workhouse Essays: 1. Why did the Industrial Revolution begin in Great Britain? 2. Discuss and trace the role of the factory in the early Industrial Revolution. What made the factory system possible? What impact did it have on the lives of workers, especially on women and children? 3. Compare and contrast the patterns of industrialization in continental Europe and the United States with those of Great Britain. 4. Discuss the role of government in the industrial development of the Western world. What were ways that government encouraged industrialization and how did it attempt to check its excesses? Are modern day efforts to curb industrial excesses the same or different from what they were in the early nineteenth century? 5. How are changes in population growth and the development of urbanization related to the Industrial Revolution? 6. Discus the impact of the early Industrial Revolution upon the family, the role of women, and the living and working conditions of the industrial workers? 7. What efforts did workers make to ameliorate the harsh working conditions of the early Industrial Revolution? How successful were they? 8. Assume that you are a small landowner who lost his land due to economic changes in the British countryside. Explain your changed position and lifestyle as you and your family move to Manchester to gain employment in one of the new factories. 9. Discuss the concept of the ‘middle-class’ and its relation to the Industrial Revolution. 10. “The ‘working-class’ is a product of the Industrial Revolution.” Discuss.
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