Definition of child abuse:
Child abuse is when an adult severely harms a
Why would someone abuse a child?
Drugs or alcoholism
Mental illness – depression, bi-polar,
Repeating the cycle
Stress – due to divorce, job or finances
What are the statistics?
Types of Abuse
Physical abuse is….
Easier to detect due to visible evidence
Takes many forms of violence
Examples include hitting, stabbing, burning,
shaking, and other acts of extreme punishment
to detect or prove
Examples include: belittling, name-calling,
swearing at child, constant yelling, put-downs and
Affects a child’s ability to form healthy, loving
relationships with others
Failure tomeet a child’s basic needs
Examples include: improper supervision, lack of
food and water, inadequate clothing or shelter, lack
Has an element of subjectivity (community
Sexual abuse is…
Inappropriate contact with a young person
Bad touch, intercourse
Many young runaways are victims of sexual abuse.
Withdrawing from friends and activities
Acting out inappropriate behavior
Problems at school
If you suspect abuse…
Tell some one
Call Child Abuse Hotline or 911
The scars of abuse do not go away.
To overcome the trauma of abuse, victims need
professional help from a counselor, therapist or
Abusers need professional help also!
Shaken Infant Syndrome
This isa newly recognized injury and can be a
form of child abuse.
Very weak neck muscles and only gradually
develop strength to control their heavy heads.
If shaken, heads wobble back and forth
Common in infants, but can happen to three and
Hazardous “Play” Activities:
Vigorous tossing of small child into the air
Jogging while carrying an infant on the back or
“Riding a horse” – child faces the adult while
sitting on his swinging foot of bouncing knee
“Cracking the whip” while swinging the child
around the ankles
Spinning a child around
Common injuries from Shaking:
1. Brain damage
2. Spinal injury/paralysis
5. Retardation-mild to severe
6. Delay in normal development (motor & sensory)
7. Broken bones
How to Prevent Shaken Infant
Never shake an infant under the age of 2
Always support a baby’s head
Inform others in your family of the dangers of shaking
Learn what to do if a baby cries constantly
(shaking will not stop a baby from crying)
Help Stop Abuse !