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					China
                Sun Yixian
• Kuomintang;
  Nationalist Party
• Wanted foreigners out
  of China
• Sun Yixian ruled
  China for brief time
  1912; lacked large
  army
• China then ruled by
  warlords
                  Disorder
• Yuan Shikai; general
  took control; died
  1916
• Chaos; civil war
• Chinese peasants
  suffered;
  lawlessness
• Japan got territory in
  china after World
  War I
• Moved into Korea;
  threatened
  Manchuria
                 Mao Zedong
• Teacher who admired
  Marxism; Soviet
  Communism
• Loved to swim
• " A revolution is not a
  dinner party ... or
  doing embroidery; it
  cannot be so refined,
  so leisurely"
• Became known as
  “Great Helmsman”
• The son of a peasant who received a broad
  education, he was one of the most important
  political leaders of the twentieth century
• From 1913-1918 he studied at the teacher's
  college in Changsha, reading works from the
  west and radical Chinese writings
• Following the Bolshevik revolution he sought to
  comprehend Marx and Lenin.
• Unlike Marx and Lenin who viewed urban
  workers as the conveyors of Communism,
  Mao thought peasants could best support
  the social revolution in China.
• He believed that whoever led the Chinese
  peasants would lead China.
       Mao Organized Peasants
• Went after average
  workers in smaller
  communities
• Nationalist focused
  more on cities, people
  with property
• Nationalist got help
  from United States,
  Great Britain;
  Communist got help
  from Soviet Union
• Mao opposed Chiang Kai-shek, leader of the
  Nationalists.
• He organized rebel governments in opposition
  but was finally pushed by the Nationalists on the
  "Long March" to a new headquarters in Yenan
  (1934-6).
• During this march Mao rose as leader of the
  Chinese Communist party and remained so until
  his death. He declared the founding of the
  People's Republic of China in 1949 and
  supported the Chinese peasantry throughout his
  life.
                Communist
• Wanted to
  reapportion the
  land
• Drive foreigners
  out
• Both sides,
  Nationalist and
  Communist built
  armies with
  outside help
              Chiang Kai Shek
• At first Nationalist and
  Communist worked
  together
• Nationalist were led
  by Chiang Kai Shek
• Married to Chinese
  educated in America
• Broke treaties and
  massacred
  Communist at
  Shanghai
      Communist Forced to Flee
• Under Mao and
  others,
  thousands of
  Communist
  went on “Long
  March,” to get
  away from
  Nationalist
• Mostly
  Peasants,
  some students
   Communist Fled into mountain
• Went into
  northwest territory
• Not very populated;
  hard to get to
• Lost thousands on
  the trip; illness,
  fatigue
• Rebuilt forces;
  lived to continue
  the fight
After the March
       Japanese Invaded China
• Manchuria,
  particularly city of
  Nanking hit hard
• Japanese murdered
  many innocent
  civilians
• Wanted raw
  materials and to
  control larger
  territory
 Communist and Nationalist Joined




• To fight against Japanese
• Neither side trusted the
  other
• With help for U.S., England,
  Soviet Union, and other
  nations, China had some
  success
• Chinese Civil War
  continued; Communist
  versus Nationalist
• Communist under Mao
  won and took over
  most of China, leading
  to continuing issues
  until this day
• Nationalist retreated to
  Taiwan; still control
Chinese fighting Japanese Army
    Mao Reestablished Power
• Upset with reforms
  that allowed
  individuals to farm
• Called upon students
  to form “Red Guards”
• Cultural Revolution to
  establish equality
  peasants and workers
• Opposed intellectual
  pursuits
Propaganda
Communist Still Control China
China Hoped To Spread Revolution
• After W.W. II, Korea
  divided; North
  communist, south
  democratic
• North Korea invaded
  South June 1950
• United Nations forces
  went to South Korea
  to stop Communist
China Intervenes
        • October 1950,
          thousands of Chinese
          forces attacked into
          Korea
        • MacArthur had
          downplayed Chinese
          involvement; now
          wanted nuclear
          weapons used
        • Truman recalled
          MacArthur
“Lambs to the slaughter”
Jet Warfare
          Douglas MacArthur
• Commanded UN
  forces
• Planned amphibious
  landing at Inchon with
  great success
• Pursued North
  Koreans far north,
  near Yalu River
  border with China
         Many Civilians Killed
• Many taken
  captive killed
  rather than be
  turned back
  over to
  ROK/UN forces
Chosin Resevoir
     North Koreans Supplied
• By Soviet and
  Chinese
  communist
• Attacked in “human
  waves”
                  Stalemate
• Both sides continued
  to fight
• 38th parallel latitude
  line established as
  cease fire; where
  border established
Mao Portrayed as God like figure
                     Sources
• http://mcel.pacificu.edu/as/students/stanley/home.html
• http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/images/g420000/g42
  0005.jpg
• http://www.rt66.com/~http://www.rt66.com/~korteng/Sma
  llArms/1civ.htm
• http://www.sgtstryker.com/gallery2/displayimage.php?alb
  um=2&pos=2
• http://www.time.com/time/time100/leaders/profile/hochim
  inh.html
• http://www.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war/episodes/11/sp
  otlight/
• http://www.vwam.com/vets/tet/tet5.htm
                Sources
• http://academic.brooklyn.cuny.edu/core9/p
  halsall/images/sunyatsn.gif
• http://www.time.com/time/time100/leaders/
  profile/mao.html
• http://www.newton.mec.edu/Angier/DimSu
  m/Mao%20Zedong%20Bio.html
• http://www.maozedong.info/mao-zedong/
• http://www.tsquare.tv/media/
• http://www.taklamakan.org/uighur-
  l/et_faq_p3.html
• http://www.informationwar.org/wars%20gal
  lery/China-civilwar20sand30s01.JPG

				
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