Capitol Visitors Center Pre-Visit Lesson Plan,
The Lone Star Flag
A. Students will identify an important state symbol, the Texas flag.
B. Students will learn the similarities and differences between historic Texas flags.
C. Students will design their own Texas flag incorporating the symbol of the Lone Star.
II. TEKS Covered in this Lesson
A. Identify and explain state patriotic symbols including the Texas flag (K.10A, 1.14A &
B. Identify how selected symbols reflect an American love of freedom (2.14D).
C. Create and interpret visuals, including pictures (K.15B & 1.18B).
D. Obtain information about a topic using a variety of valid visual sources, such as
A. Pictures of four Texas flags (print below pages 5-8)
C. “My Lone Star Flag” handout (print below page 4)
IV. Procedures and Activities
A. Warm Up Activity
1. Place the pictures of the four flags at the front of the classroom.
2. Ask the students to look at the flags and find the ways that they
are the same and different from each other.
3. Go around the room and have students name the similarities and
differences between the four flags.
4. The similarities to emphasize: all are Texas flags and feature the
B. The four Texas flags
1. Explain that Texas had once been a part of Mexico. During the
1830s Texans decided to break away and form their own country
called the Republic of Texas.
2. As Texans established the Republic, several people designed and
made Texas flags.
3. Identifying the flags:
a. Write the title on the line underneath the picture of the flag.
b. Provide the students with a fact about each flag.
c. Flag #1, The Dodson Flag
i. It was flown at Washington-on-the-Brazos where
Texans signed the Declaration of Independence from
ii. It was made by Sarah Dodson for a group of Texas
iii. It has all the elements of the current flag (prominent
star, with blue, red and white sections).
d. Flag #2, Flag of the Texas Navy
i. Texas had its own Navy that patrolled the Gulf of
ii. The flag was designed by David Burnet, who served
as President of the Republic of Texas in 1836.
iii. It looks exactly like the United States flag except it
only has one star.
e. Flag #3, the First Official Flag of the Republic
i. This was the first flag adopted by the Republic
ii. David Burnet suggested the design.
f. Flag #4, the Second Flag of the Republic
i. It was adopted by the Congress in 1839.
ii. It is also known as the “Lone Star” flag.
iii. Became the state flag when Texas joined the United
7. Ask the students the following questions:
a. Have you ever seen Flag #4?
b. Where have you seen the Texas flag displayed?
c. Why do you think the Texans made these flags?
d. Why do countries and states have flags?
8. Explain that flags are symbols, something that stands for or suggests
something else. It can be a visible sign of something invisible such
as an idea or belief that people have. The Texas flag is a patriotic
symbol that stands for a love for and defense of our state. The flag
reminds people that they are members of a larger group (Texans).
The flags symbolize ideas that the group believes in.
C. The Lone Star
1. Point out to the students that all of the Texas flags have used a single
star, called the Lone Star. Ask students the following questions:
a. Why did the designers place a star on the flag?
b. Why do the flags only have one star?
2. According to tradition, the designers featured the star as a symbol of
Texas as the only rising star of liberty in the Mexican provinces.
The Texans who broke away from Mexico wanted to be free to
choose their own leaders and laws. Therefore, the Lone Star stands
for (symbolizes) freedom and is supposed to remind Texans of their
3. The Lone Star has become associated with Texas (the Lone Star
state). This symbol of freedom can be seen in many places other
than just the flag (monuments, buildings, books, paintings etc.).
D. Activity: Creating a Lone Star Flag
1. Distribute the handout, “My Lone Star Flag” (print below).
2. Ask the students to create their own flag. Have them place a Lone
Star somewhere in the design.
3. Encourage the students to use a variety of colors and shapes.
My Lone Star Flag. . . .